CN108112118A - The startup method, apparatus and LED lamp component of lighting apparatus - Google Patents

The startup method, apparatus and LED lamp component of lighting apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108112118A
CN108112118A CN201711347294.5A CN201711347294A CN108112118A CN 108112118 A CN108112118 A CN 108112118A CN 201711347294 A CN201711347294 A CN 201711347294A CN 108112118 A CN108112118 A CN 108112118A
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China
Prior art keywords
lighting apparatus
brightness
voltage
opening
control module
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CN201711347294.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘介中
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SHANGHAI WELLMAX LIGHTING INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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SHANGHAI WELLMAX LIGHTING INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201711347294.5A priority Critical patent/CN108112118A/en
Publication of CN108112118A publication Critical patent/CN108112118A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS FOR ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES, IN GENERAL
    • H05B45/00Circuit arrangements for operating light emitting diodes [LEDs]
    • H05B45/10Controlling the intensity of the light

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of startup method of lighting apparatus, including:Voltage conversion processing is carried out to the power supply of input by the voltage processing module in the starter of lighting apparatus, exports the equipment power supply that constant DC voltage gives the connection of voltage processing module;After the control module being electrically connected with voltage processing module enters normal operating conditions, control signal is generated, the brightness of lighting apparatus is controlled gradually to brighten to operating brightness within the default startup time.In addition, starter and LED lamp component the invention also discloses a kind of lighting apparatus.By the invention it is possible to so that lighting apparatus gradually brightens in preset time on startup, so as to effectively avoid because brain caused by instantaneous strong light is dizzy or generate the bad sequelae such as the persistence of vision.

Description

The startup method, apparatus and LED lamp component of lighting apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to lighting technical field, the especially a kind of startup method, apparatus of lighting apparatus and LED lamp group parts.
Background technology
Present lighting apparatus, most of using i.e. bright Starting mode of turning on light, this Starting mode can cause human eye pupil Hole is not suitable with because the short time receives too strong light, so that the rear something lost such as big encephalic vertigo or the generation persistence of vision Disease.
The content of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of startup methods of lighting apparatus, can preferably match human eye to ambient The accommodation curve to brighten improves the comfort level of human eye during illuminating device starting.
The invention discloses a kind of startup method of lighting apparatus, including:Pass through the electricity in the starter of lighting apparatus Processing module is pressed to carry out voltage conversion processing to the power supply of input, constant DC voltage is exported and gives the voltage processing The equipment power supply of module connection;It is raw after the control module being electrically connected with the voltage processing module enters normal operating conditions Into control signal, the brightness of lighting apparatus is controlled gradually to brighten to operating brightness within the default startup time.
Preferably, the control module generation control signal, controls the brightness of the lighting apparatus in default startup Interior gradually brighten to operating brightness includes:The control module to the lighting apparatus by exporting the corresponding electricity of different brightness Stream signal controls the brightness of the lighting apparatus gradually to brighten to operating brightness according to default brightness curve;The brightness curve Refer to the percentage M% of brightness with the change curve of the number of seconds t of unlatching;The brightness curve is located at the first curve and the second song Between line, wherein, the brightness of the lighting apparatus reaches operating brightness, 5 >=△ T >=2 when starting number of seconds and being △ T;
The curvilinear equation of first curve is:
M=1189.9296t6/△T6-3395.133t5/△T5+3733.373t4/△T4-2263.9095t3/△T3+9 04.77t2/△T2- 69.1695t/ △ T-1.2736,
The curvilinear equation of second curve is:
M=-5268.7393t6/△T6+16437.95t5/△T5-18424.928t4/△T4+8345.6235t3/△T3- 1154.007t2/△T2+74.6955t/△T+2.0074。
Preferably:The control module controls the brightness of the lighting apparatus to reach operating brightness when starting 4.5s, i.e., △ T=4.5;
The curvilinear equation of first curve is:
M=0.1433t6-1.8399t5+9.1044t4-24.844t3+44.68t2- 15.371t-1.2736,
The curvilinear equation of second curve is:
M=-0.6345t6+8.9081t5-44.932t4+92.572t3-56.988t2+16.599t+2.0074。
Preferably:It is bright that the control module controls the brightness of the lighting apparatus to reach work when starting number of seconds and being △ T Degree, 5 >=△ T >=2;
After opening 2.25/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled 1.89% -2. 31% Between;
After opening 4.5/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled 12.15% -1 Between 4.85%;
After opening 6.75/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled 32.9% -3 7.1% Between;
After opening 9/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled 55.68% -60. 32% Between;
After opening lighting apparatus 11.25/ △ Ts, control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 75.66%- Between 80.34%;
After opening lighting apparatus 13.5/ △ Ts, control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 86.33%- Between 91.67%;
After opening lighting apparatus 15.75/ △ Ts, control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 92.635%- Between 98.365%;
After opening 18/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled 96.53% -9 9.5% Between;
After opening 20.25/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the brightness percentage for controlling the lighting apparatus is 100%.
Preferably:The control module controls the brightness of the lighting apparatus to reach operating brightness when starting 4.5s, i.e., △ T=4.5;
After opening lighting apparatus 0.5s, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled between 1.89% -2.31%;
After opening lighting apparatus 1s, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled between 12.15% -14.85%;
After opening lighting apparatus 1.5s, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled between 32.9% -37.1%;
After opening lighting apparatus 2s, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled between 55.68% -60.32%;
After opening lighting apparatus 2.5s, control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 75.66% -80.3 4% it Between;
After opening lighting apparatus 3s, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled between 86.33% -91.67%;
After opening lighting apparatus 3.5s, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled 92.635% -98.3 65% Between;
After opening lighting apparatus 4s, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled between 96.53% -99.5%;
After opening lighting apparatus 4.5s, the brightness percentage for controlling the lighting apparatus is 100%.
Preferably, voltage is carried out to the power supply of input by the voltage processing module in the starter of lighting apparatus Conversion process includes:Rectification filter is carried out to the alternating voltage of input by the rectifying and wave-filtering submodule in the voltage processing module Ripple, then by the voltage conversion submodule in the voltage processing module by the voltage conversion after rectifying and wave-filtering be and the electricity The different constant DC voltages needed for each equipment of processing module connection are pressed, it is each as being connected with the voltage processing module The operating voltage of equipment.
Preferably, the control module control the brightness of the lighting apparatus gradually brighten within the default startup time to Operating brightness includes:The control module controls the brightness of the lighting apparatus in default startup using PWM pulse width modulation methods It gradually brightens to operating brightness in time.
Second aspect, the invention discloses a kind of starter of lighting apparatus, including:The voltage processing module is used Voltage conversion processing is carried out in the power supply to input, constant DC voltage is exported and gives the voltage processing module connection Equipment power supply;The control module is electrically connected with the voltage processing module, for controlling the brightness of lighting apparatus default The startup time in gradually brighten to operating brightness.
Preferably, the control module to the corresponding current signal of the different brightness of lighting apparatus output by controlling institute Lighting apparatus is stated gradually to brighten to operating brightness within the default startup time according to specified brightness curve;Wherein, it is described bright Line of writing music refers to the percentage M% of brightness with the change curve of the number of seconds t of unlatching;The brightness curve is located at the first curve and Between two curves, wherein, the brightness of the lighting apparatus starts brightness when number of seconds is △ T and reaches operating brightness, 5 >=△ T >=2;
The curvilinear equation of first curve is:
M=1189.9296t6/△T6-3395.133t5/△T5+3733.373t4/△T4-2263.9095t3/△T3+9 04.77t2/△T2- 69.1695t/ △ T-1.2736,
The curvilinear equation of second curve is:
M=-5268.7393t6/△T6+16437.95t5/△T5-18424.928t4/△T4+8345.6235t3/△T3- 1154.007t2/△T2+74.6955t/△T+2.0074。
Preferably, the control module controls the brightness of the lighting apparatus to reach operating brightness when starting 4.5s, i.e., △ T=4.5;
The curvilinear equation of first curve is:
M=0.1433t6-1.8399t5+9.1044t4-24.844t3+44.68t2- 15.371t-1.2736,
The curvilinear equation of second curve is:
M=-0.6345t6+8.9081t5-44.932t4+92.572t3-56.988t2+16.599t+2.0074。
Preferably:It is bright that the control module controls the brightness of the lighting apparatus to reach work when starting number of seconds and being △ T Degree, 5 >=△ T >=2;
After opening 2.25/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 1.89% -2.31%;
After opening 4.5/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 12.15% -14.85%;
After opening 6.75/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 32.9% -37.1%;
After opening 9/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 55.68% -60.32%;
After opening 11.25/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 75.66% -80.34%;
After opening 13.5/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 86.33% -91.67%;
After opening 15.75/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 92.635% -98.365%;
After opening 18/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 96.53% -99.5%;
After opening lighting apparatus 20.25/ △ Ts, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to be 100%.
Preferably:The control module controls the brightness of the lighting apparatus to reach operating brightness when starting 4.5s, i.e., △ T=4.5;
After opening lighting apparatus 0.5s, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 1. Between 89% -2.31%;
After opening lighting apparatus 1s, the control module control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 12. 15%- Between 14.85%;
After opening lighting apparatus 1.5s, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 3 Between 2.9% -37.1%;
After opening lighting apparatus 2s, the control module control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 55. 68%- Between 60.32%;
After opening lighting apparatus 2.5s, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 7 Between 5.66% -80.34%;
After opening lighting apparatus 3s, the control module control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 86. 33%- Between 91.67%;
After opening lighting apparatus 3.5s, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 9 Between 2.635% -98.365%;
After opening lighting apparatus 4s, the control module control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 96. 53%- Between 99.5%;
After opening lighting apparatus 4.5s, it is 1 00% that the control module, which controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus,.
Preferably, the voltage processing module includes:First constant pressure source and the voltage being electrically connected with first constant pressure source Conversion circuit;The control module includes:PWM generator and the first constant-current source being electrically connected with the PWM generator;It is described Voltage conversion circuit is electrically connected respectively with the PWM generator and first constant-current source;The lighting apparatus respectively with it is described First constant pressure source, first constant-current source electrical connection;Wherein:First constant pressure source, including sequentially connected Switching Power Supply, filter Marble circuit and constant pressure generation sub-circuit;The alternating current of input is changed into DC voltage by power switch, then will be described straight Galvanic electricity pressure is filtered by filtering sub-circuit, and is generated sub-circuit by the constant pressure and turned the filtered DC voltage The constant DC voltage needed for lighting apparatus is changed to, is powered for the lighting apparatus;The voltage conversion circuit, including the first electricity Press conversion sub-circuit, second voltage conversion sub-circuit;Wherein:The first voltage conversion sub-circuit is used for first constant pressure The constant DC voltage of source output carries out voltage conversion, exports the first operating voltage, powers for the PWM generator;Described Two voltage conversion sub-circuits are used to the constant DC voltage of first constant pressure source output carrying out voltage conversion, export the second work Make voltage, be first constant current source power supply;The PWM generator for generating pwm pulse control signal, is exported to described First constant-current source;The pwm pulse control signal that first constant-current source is exported according to the PWM generator exports corresponding Electric current is controlled, so as to control the brightness of the lighting apparatus that the output terminal with the constant-current source is connected in the default startup time It is interior gradually to brighten.
Preferably, in illuminating device starting device of the invention, the voltage processing module includes:Second constant pressure source;Institute Stating control module includes:Integrated comparator, the second constant-current source, 555 timers and the integrated amplifier being sequentially connected electrically;Described Two constant pressure sources are also electrically connected with the integrated comparator, the second constant-current source, 555 timers and integrated amplifier respectively;Described Two constant-current sources are also electrically connected with the integrated amplifier;The lighting apparatus respectively with second constant-current source, integrated amplifier Electrical connection.
Preferably, in illuminating device starting device of the invention, the voltage processing module includes:Rectifier circuit and The EMC filter circuit being electrically connected with the rectifier circuit;The alternating current of input passes sequentially through institute's rectifier circuit, the EMC Filter circuit exports constant DC voltage;
The control module includes:Integrated control chip, integrating circuit, voltage feedback circuit, current sampling circuit;It is described Integrated control chip is connected respectively with the integrating circuit, voltage feedback circuit, current sampling circuit;The integrated control chip Control input realizes the illuminating device starting brightness within the default startup time gradually to the electric current of the lighting apparatus It brightens to operating brightness.
The third aspect, the present invention also provides a kind of LED lamp component, the startup dress including lighting apparatus of the present invention It puts and LED light.
The startup method, apparatus and LED lamp component of a kind of lighting apparatus provided by the invention, can bring following at least one Kind advantageous effect:
(1) present invention by control module control lighting apparatus it is default startup the time in gradually brighten to work it is bright Degree, effectively prevent turning on light it is i.e. bright caused by the sense of discomfort that receives too strong light and generate in the pupil of human sound short time, It will not cause big encephalic vertigo or generate the bad sequelae of the persistence of vision.Start back lighting equipment gradually to brighten, give user's eye Eyeball provides a process gradually adapted to, and user is allowed to feel more comfortable, improves the Experience Degree of user.
(2) present invention controls lighting apparatus gradually to brighten according to default brightness curve by control module, and of the invention Brightness curve be limited between the first curve and the second curve, the brightness curve in this section can allow human eye more easypro Suitable, gentle transition is to operating brightness since brightness is 0;Especially to the brightness percentage of several timing nodes in start-up course The control of scope so that for lighting device in start-up course, the comfort level of user is very high.
Description of the drawings
To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, make required in being described below to embodiment Attached drawing is briefly introduced, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only some embodiments of the present invention, for this For the those of ordinary skill in field, without having to pay creative labor, it can also be obtained according to these attached drawings His attached drawing.
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the startup method of lighting apparatus in embodiment one.
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of the startup method of lighting apparatus in embodiment two.
Fig. 3 is the block diagram of the starter of lighting apparatus in example IV;
Fig. 4 is the schematic device of the starter realization method one of lighting apparatus in embodiment eight;
Fig. 5 is the schematic device of the starter realization method two of lighting apparatus in embodiment eight;
Fig. 6 a are the constant current source circuit diagrams in the starter realization method two of lighting apparatus in embodiment eight;
Fig. 6 b are the voltage conversion circuit circuit diagrams in the starter realization method two of lighting apparatus in embodiment eight;
Fig. 6 c are the PWM generator circuit connection diagrams in the starter realization method two of lighting apparatus in embodiment eight;
Fig. 6 d are the constant current source circuit diagrams in the starter realization method two of lighting apparatus in embodiment eight;
Fig. 7 is the schematic device of the starter realization method three of lighting apparatus in embodiment eight;
Fig. 8 is the schematic device of the starter realization method four of lighting apparatus in embodiment eight;
Fig. 9 is the physical circuit figure of the starter realization method four of lighting apparatus in embodiment eight.
Drawing reference numeral explanation:
A, the first curve, b, the second curve;C, maximum of points, d, minimum point;Voltage processing module, control module 200, Lighting apparatus 300;Voltage processing module, 102, main control chip, 103, tunable optical constant flow module;1st, the first constant pressure source, 2, PWM hair Raw device, the 3, first constant-current source, 4, LED load, 5, voltage conversion circuit;6th, the second constant pressure source, 7, integrated comparator, 8, second Constant-current source, 9,555 timers, 10, integrated amplifier, 11, LED load;12nd, rectifier circuit, 13, EMC filter circuit, 14, Integrated control chip, 15, integrating circuit, 16, voltage feedback circuit, 17, current sampling circuit.
Specific embodiment
In order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, control is illustrated below The specific embodiment of the present invention.It should be evident that the accompanying drawings in the following description is only some embodiments of the present invention, for For those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, other are can also be obtained according to these attached drawings Attached drawing, and obtain other embodiments.
To make simplified form, part related to the present invention is only schematically shown in each figure, their not generations Its practical structures as product of table.
Embodiment one
The present embodiment discloses a kind of startup method of lighting apparatus, changes existing lighting apparatus and turns on light i.e. bright startup side Formula carries out voltage conversion processing by the voltage processing module in the starter of lighting apparatus to the power supply of input, defeated Go out the equipment power supply that constant voltage gives the voltage processing module connection;When the control being connected with the voltage processing module After module enters normal operating conditions, control signal is generated, controls the preset time of the brightness of the lighting apparatus upon actuation It is interior gradually to brighten to operating brightness.Power supply, can generally refer to alternating current, and alternating current is handled into overvoltage processing module voltage conversion Constant DC voltage can be converted to after (including AC-DC processing and DC-DC processing) (if the power supply needed for the equipment being attached thereto Voltage value is different, then can be exchanged into different constant voltages);The constant DC voltage obtained after the processing of overvoltage processing module It is then used to power to each equipment connected to it, for example, control module is connected with voltage processing module, then voltage processing module Operating voltage needed for control module work can be supplied to control module, so that control module enters working condition;Illumination After equipment starts, control module controls it gradually to brighten to operating brightness within the default startup time.For example preset time is 5S, generally allowing lighting apparatus in 5S, gradually the bright eyes that can allow user feel more comfortable.So, upon actuation in 5s, control The brightness percentage of molding block control lighting apparatus gradually becomes 100% from 0.The real-time luminosity of brightness percentage, that is, lighting apparatus Account for the percentage of operating brightness when it is finally illuminated, brightness when operating brightness is lighting apparatus normal work.It opens Refer to that brightness percentage gradually becomes 100% from 0 within 5s in 5s after dynamic, it illustratively, can the brightness hundred when starting 2s When fraction reaches 100% or 3s, 4s when, 5s when.
In above-described embodiment, lighting apparatus can be electrically connected with voltage processing module, be thus to handle mould by voltage Block carries out the supply voltage needed for voltage processing generation lighting apparatus, then powers to lighting apparatus.Here voltage processing mould Block generates different constant operating voltages according to actual needs, to meet the needs of each equipment connected to it.Certainly, illuminate Equipment can not also be electrically connected with voltage processing module, not convert power supply by voltage processing module, and by handling mould with voltage The control module of block electrical connection is powered and is controlled;The control module is electrically connected with lighting apparatus.
Embodiment two:
On the basis of above-described embodiment one, a kind of seconds of limitation brightness percentage M% with unlatching is also disclosed in the present embodiment The brightness of the shape of the change curve of number t starts method, and control module to lighting apparatus by exporting the corresponding electricity of different brightness Stream signal control lighting apparatus gradually brightens according to default brightness curve to operating brightness.Wherein default brightness curve shines The percentage M% of the brightness of bright equipment with the number of seconds t of unlatching change curve;Default brightness curve is located at the in the present embodiment Between one curve and the second curve, wherein, the brightness of the lighting apparatus starts brightness when number of seconds is △ T and reaches operating brightness, and 5 ≥△T≥2。
The curvilinear equation of first curve is:
M=1189.9296t6/△T6-3395.133t5/△T5+3733.373t4/△T4-2263.9095t3/△T3+9 04.77t2/△T2- 69.1695t/ △ T-1.2736,
The curvilinear equation of second curve is:
M=-5268.7393t6/△T6+16437.95t5/△T5-18424.928t4/△T4+8345.6235t3/△ T3- 1154.007t2/△T2+74.6955t/△T+2.0074
When lighting apparatus is determined when how many duration reach operating brightness, △ T are exactly a definite value, and t be one from Variable and after △ T are determined, M forms change curve with the variation tendency of t.Pass through the first curve and in the present embodiment Two curvilinear equations define the brightness curve used in the present invention, and the present embodiment is that lighting apparatus is allowed gradually to brighten, that is, Say in the brightness curve of lighting apparatus, on startup between within, brightness increases as time increases, that is to say, that when latter Between brightness will not be lower than the brightness of previous time, this eliminates brightness situation fluctuated, avoid flicker to human eye Sense of discomfort.It gradually brightens by lighting apparatus according to the brightness curve between the first curve and the second curve, user is allowed to exist Feel more comfortable when opening lighting apparatus, compared with existing i.e. bright way of turning on light, the present embodiment, which employs, a kind of can allow people The comfortable brightness curve of eye can gradually brighten after lighting apparatus unlatching according to this brightness curve, to one adaptation of human eye Process improves comfort level of the user when opening lighting apparatus.
The control module of the present embodiment controls lighting apparatus to the corresponding current signal of the different brightness of lighting apparatus output Brightness change.The brightness curve of lighting apparatus once it is determined that if, then in turn, then can determine the electric current of control brightness Control signal.That is each brightness value has a corresponding current value, for example, starting in brightness curve corresponding during 2S Brightness percentage be 56% (setting operating brightness as 100%), and the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus for 56% when, required electricity Flow valuve is x1;When starting 2.5S, corresponding brightness percentage is 76%, and required current value is x2.So in start-up course In, control module is supplied in the current controling signal of lighting apparatus, and the current value provided when starting 2S is x1, is being started The current value provided during 2.5s is x2;So that lighting apparatus brightness when starting 2S reaches 56%, it is bright when starting 2.5S Degree reaches 76%.That is according to brightness and the correspondence of electric current, can be obtained after brightness curve determines corresponding Current controling signal control lighting apparatus gradually brightens according to default brightness curve.
Exemplified by reaching operating brightness when lighting apparatus is starting 4.5s, △ T=4.5.
As shown in Figure 1, brightness percentage M is ordinate (such as brightness percentage is 97%, then M=97), start time t (unit s) is abscissa.
M should be between the first curve a and the second curve b with the change curve of t.
Wherein, △ T=4.5 are substituted into the equation of above-mentioned first curve and the second curve,
Then the curvilinear equation of the first curve a is:
M=0.1433t6-1.8399t5+9.1044t4-24.844t3+44.68t2- 15.371t-1.2736,
The curvilinear equation of second curve b is:
M=-0.6345t6+8.9081t5-44.932t4+92.572t3-56.988t2+16.599t+2.0074。
M should be between the first curve a and the second curve b with the change curve of t, it is meant that during illuminating device starting, M It is always positioned in the region between the first curve a and the second curve b, must not be extended outside whole region outside with the change curve of t.It needs It is noted that the restriction gradually brightens only for lighting apparatus to the time of operating brightness, if for example, lighting apparatus Brightness is gradually brightened within the time of 3.5s to operating brightness, then in this 3.5s, M is always positioned at first with the change curve of t In region between curve a and the second curve b.If the brightness of lighting apparatus gradually brightens bright to working within the time of 4.5s Degree, then in this 4.5s, M is always positioned at the change curve of t in the region between the first curve a and the second curve b.
Similar, under conditions of 5 >=△ T >=2 are met, △ T can also be other number of seconds beyond 4.5, substitute into The curvilinear equation that M changes with t is formd after the occurrence of △ T, M should be met at this time and be always positioned at first with the change curve of t In region between curve a and the second curve b.
Embodiment three
The present embodiment discloses another lighting apparatus and gradually brightens the embodiment of startup, is to control to shine by control module The brightness of the brightness percentage ranges of several timing nodes starts method in bright equipment start-up course.Wherein, the lighting apparatus Brightness start number of seconds be △ T when brightness reach operating brightness, 5 >=△ T >=2.
The brightness starts method:
After opening 2.25/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled 1.89% -2. 31% Between;
After opening 4.5/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled 12.15% -1 Between 4.85%;
After opening 6.75/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled 32.9% -3 7.1% Between;
After opening 9/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled 55.68% -60. 32% Between;
After opening lighting apparatus 11.25/ △ Ts, control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 75.66%- Between 80.34%;
After opening lighting apparatus 13.5/ △ Ts, control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 86.33%- Between 91.67%;
After opening lighting apparatus 15.75/ △ Ts, control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 92.635%- Between 98.365%;
After opening 18/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled 96.53% -9 9.5% Between;
After opening 20.25/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the brightness percentage for controlling the lighting apparatus is 100%.
Namely by the way that the brightness percentage ranges every the timing node of 2.25/ △ Ts is controlled to regulate and control opening for lighting apparatus It opens.It should be noted that the brightness percentage endpoint value of several timing nodes defined in the present embodiment is all in embodiment one In in the region that is limited of two curves.
Illustratively, △ T=4.5 namely after lighting apparatus 4.5s is opened, brightness percentage reaches 100%.By △ T is substituted into the foregoing brightness startup method of the present embodiment,
After opening lighting apparatus 0.5s, the brightness percentage of lighting apparatus is controlled between 1.89% -2.31%;
After opening lighting apparatus 1s, the brightness percentage of lighting apparatus is controlled between 12.15% -14.85%;
After opening lighting apparatus 1.5s, the brightness percentage of lighting apparatus is controlled between 32.9% -37.1%;
After opening lighting apparatus 2s, the brightness percentage of lighting apparatus is controlled between 55.68% -60.32%;
After opening lighting apparatus 2.5s, the brightness percentage of lighting apparatus is controlled between 75.66% -80.34%;
After opening lighting apparatus 3s, the brightness percentage of lighting apparatus is controlled between 86.33% -91.67%;
After opening lighting apparatus 3.5s, the brightness percentage of lighting apparatus is controlled between 92.635% -98.365%;
After opening lighting apparatus 4s, the brightness percentage of lighting apparatus is controlled between 96.53% -99.5%;
After opening lighting apparatus 4.5s, the brightness percentage for controlling lighting apparatus is 100%.
With reference to shown in Fig. 2, on the several timing nodes of 0.5s, 1s, 1.5s, 2s, 2.5s, 3s, 3.5s, 4s and 4.5s, The brightness percent value of lighting apparatus should remove these between the maximum of points c at the time point and minimum point d Timing node with for time section in, brightness percentage needs gradually smooth variation, and be unable to the bounce of step variation or Person says that M with the slope variation of the change curve of t should be continuous.
Preferably,
After opening lighting apparatus 0.5s, the brightness percentage for controlling lighting apparatus is 2.1%;
After opening lighting apparatus 1s, the brightness percentage for controlling lighting apparatus is 13.5%;
After opening lighting apparatus 1.5s, the brightness percentage for controlling lighting apparatus is 35%;
After opening lighting apparatus 2s, the brightness percentage for controlling lighting apparatus is 58%;
After opening lighting apparatus 2.5s, the brightness percentage for controlling lighting apparatus is 78%;
After opening lighting apparatus 3s, the brightness percentage for controlling lighting apparatus is 89%;
After opening lighting apparatus 3.5s, the brightness percentage for controlling lighting apparatus is 95.5%;
After opening lighting apparatus 4s, the brightness percentage for controlling lighting apparatus is 98.5%;
After opening lighting apparatus 4.5s, the brightness percentage for controlling lighting apparatus is 100%.
Example IV
In any of the above-described embodiment, by the voltage processing module in the starter of lighting apparatus to the power supply electricity of input Source, which carries out voltage conversion processing, to be included:By the rectifying and wave-filtering submodule in the voltage processing module to the alternating voltage of input Rectifying and wave-filtering is carried out, then by the voltage conversion submodule in the voltage processing module by the voltage conversion after rectifying and wave-filtering Different constant DC voltages needed for each equipment for being connected from the voltage processing module handle mould as with the voltage The operating voltage of each equipment of block connection.In addition, the control module control lighting apparatus in any of the above-described embodiment is on startup It gradually brightens, PWM pulse width modulation methods may be employed, the brightness of the lighting apparatus is controlled gradually to become within the default startup time It is bright to operating brightness.
Pulsewidth modulation (PWM) basic principle:Control mode is exactly that the break-make of inverter circuit switching device is controlled, and is made Output terminal obtains a series of equal pulse of amplitudes, with these pulses come instead of sine wave or required waveform.Namely exist Multiple pulses are generated in the half period of output waveform, the threshold voltages that wait for making each pulse are sinusoidal waveform, and the output obtained is put down Sliding and low-order harmonic is few.The width of each pulse is modulated by certain rule, you can change inverter circuit output voltage Size can also change output frequency.
Pulse width modulation (PWM) is a kind of to the digitally coded method of analog signal level progress.Pass through high-resolution The use of counter, the duty cycle of square wave is modulated to be encoded for the level to a physical simulation signal.Pwm signal is still So digital because at given any moment, or the direct current supply of full amplitude have completely (ON) or entirely without (OFF).Voltage or current source are to be added to what fictitious load got on the repetition pulse sequence of a kind of logical (ON) or disconnected (OFF). When being that direct current supply is added in load when logical, when being that power supply is disconnected when disconnected.As long as bandwidth Enough, any analogue value can be encoded using PWM.Pulse-width modulation PWM is the term in switching mode voltage stabilizer.This is Classify by the control mode of voltage stabilizing, except PWM types, also have PFM types and PWM, PFM (pulse frequency modulated) mixed type.Pulsewidth Width modulated formula (PWM) switching mode regulator circuit is in the case where control circuit output frequency is constant, passes through Voltage Feedback tune Its whole duty cycle, so as to achieve the purpose that stabilize the output voltage.An advantage of PWM be from processor to controlled system signal all It is digital form, without carrying out digital-to-analogue conversion.Signal is allowed, which to remain digital form, to be minimized influence of noise.
Embodiment five
Based on identical technical concept, the present invention also provides a kind of illuminating device starting device, which can adopt With the startup embodiment of the method for the present invention, specifically, the starter embodiment five is as shown in Fig. 3, including:At the voltage Module 100 is managed, is electrically connected respectively with control module 200 and lighting apparatus 300, voltage processing module 100 is used for the confession that will be inputted Power supply carries out voltage conversion processing, exports constant voltage and is powered for equipment connected to it;Control module 200, with The voltage processing module 1 00 is electrically connected, and the brightness for controlling lighting apparatus 300 gradually becomes within the default startup time It is bright to operating brightness.
Embodiment six
On the basis of above-described embodiment five, the control module is corresponded to by exporting different brightness to the lighting apparatus Current signal the lighting apparatus is controlled gradually to brighten to work within the default startup time according to specified brightness curve Brightness;Wherein, the brightness curve refers to the percentage M% of brightness with the change curve of the number of seconds t of unlatching;The brightness curve Between the first curve and the second curve, wherein, the brightness of the lighting apparatus starts brightness when number of seconds is △ T and reaches work Brightness, 5 >=△ T >=2;
The curvilinear equation of first curve is:
M=1189.9296t6/△T6-3395.133t5/△T5+3733.373t4/△T4-2263.9095t3/△T3+9 04.77t2/△T2- 69.1695t/ △ T-1.2736,
The curvilinear equation of second curve is:
M=-5268.7393t6/△T6+16437.95t5/△T5-18424.928t4/△T4+8345.6235t3/△T3- 1154.007t2/△T2+74.6955t/△T+2.0074。
Preferably, the control module controls the brightness of the lighting apparatus to reach operating brightness when starting 4.5s, i.e., △ T=4.5;
The curvilinear equation of first curve is:
M=0.1433t6-1.8399t5+9.1044t4-24.844t3+44.68t2- 15.371t-1.2736,
The curvilinear equation of second curve is:
M=-0.6345t6+8.9081t5-44.932t4+92.572t3-56.988t2+16.599t+2.0074。
Embodiment seven
On the basis of any of the above-described device embodiment, described in another implementation control module control of apparatus of the present invention The brightness of lighting apparatus reaches operating brightness, 5 >=△ T >=2 when starting number of seconds and being △ T;
After opening 2.25/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 1.89% -2.31%;
After opening 4.5/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 12.15% -14.85%;
After opening 6.75/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 32.9% -37.1%;
After opening 9/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 55.68% -60.32%;
After opening 11.25/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 75.66% -80.34%;
After opening 13.5/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 86.33% -91.67%;
After opening 15.75/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 92.635% -98.365%;
After opening 18/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 96.53% -99.5%;
After opening lighting apparatus 20.25/ △ Ts, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to be 100%.
Preferably, the control module controls the brightness of the lighting apparatus to reach operating brightness when starting 4.5s, i.e., △ T=4.5;
After opening lighting apparatus 0.5s, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 1. Between 89% -2.31%;
After opening lighting apparatus 1s, the control module control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 12. 15%- Between 14.85%;
After opening lighting apparatus 1.5s, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 3 Between 2.9% -37.1%;
After opening lighting apparatus 2s, the control module control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 55. 68%- Between 60.32%;
After opening lighting apparatus 2.5s, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 7 Between 5.66% -80.34%;
After opening lighting apparatus 3s, the control module control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 86. 33%- Between 91.67%;
After opening lighting apparatus 3.5s, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 9 Between 2.635% -98.365%;
After opening lighting apparatus 4s, the control module control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 96. 53%- Between 99.5%;
After opening lighting apparatus 4.5s, it is 1 00% that the control module, which controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus,.
Embodiment eight
On the basis of any of the above-described device embodiment, the starter of the present embodiment can be used for using any of the above-described embodiment Startup method start lighting apparatus, it is made gradually to brighten in preset time.It such as can by the starter of the present invention To realize that control lighting apparatus gradually brightens to operating brightness on startup according to the brightness curve in above-described embodiment two;Or Person is opened according in embodiment three by controlling the brightness percentage ranges of several timing nodes during illuminating device starting Dynamic control lighting apparatus gradually brightens to operating brightness.Specifically, the voltage processing in the illuminating device starting device of the present invention Module and control module can be accomplished in several ways, and the particularly important is the control module of the inside, the realization of control module Mode also there are many, can by microcontroller driving chip be controlled to generate PWM pulse width modulated waves to control lighting device according to upper The brightness curve in embodiment is stated gradually to brighten to operating brightness.It can also be controlled by integrated controller;It can also lead to The hardware circuits such as integrated comparator, timer are crossed to realize.The present invention does not limit concrete implementation mode, as long as can pass through control Module realizes that control lighting apparatus gradually brightens to operating brightness according to the brightness curve limited in the present invention i.e. the present invention's Within protection domain.It is exemplified below several realization methods, it should which explanation, implementation below are several be preferably implemented Example, the present invention include but not limited to implementations below.Embodiment one or embodiment two can be achieved in several realization methods below Or start method in embodiment three.
Realization method one:As shown in figure 4, the starter of lighting apparatus includes:Voltage processing module 101, main control chip 102 and Multipath dimming constant flow module 103;The voltage processing module 101 respectively with the main control chip and Multipath dimming Constant flow module 103 is electrically connected;The main control chip is also electrically connected with the Multipath dimming constant flow module 103.Here master control Chip 102 and Multipath dimming constant flow module 103 combine the brilliance control realized when starting to LED load.
After being electrically accessed in city, voltage processing is carried out by voltage processing module 101, voltage processing module here is by alternating current AC/DC conversions are carried out, for output constant DC voltage as constant pressure source, it is adjustable that the constant pressure that voltage processing module provides resupplies multichannel Light constant flow module 103 and main control chip 102, main control chip control output PWM dimming control signals, for controlling LED load Brightness gradually brightens on request in start-up course is loaded.Tunable optical constant flow module 103 is believed further according to the PWM brightness adjustment controls of input Number control LED load start-up course in brightness adjusting.This scheme flexibility is very high, and constant current accuracy is also high.In the present embodiment, Voltage processing module 101 can be AC/DC conversion chips, such as SLM36150;Microcontroller or light modulation control can be used in main control chip Device (such as SLM4801) processed realizes control;Existing all kinds of constant-current driven chips can be used in tunable optical constant flow module, such as SLM2842JD。
Realization method two:PWM software delays, ARM/ chip microcontrollers
As shown in figure 5, the starter of lighting apparatus include the first constant pressure source 1, PWM generator 2, voltage conversion circuit 5, First constant-current source 3.Lighting apparatus is LED load 4.Wherein, the first constant pressure source 1 is born respectively with the voltage conversion circuit 5, LED 4 electrical connections are carried, the voltage conversion circuit 5 is electrically connected respectively with the PWM generator 2, the first constant-current source 3;Described first is permanent Stream source 3 is electrically connected respectively with the PW M generators 2, LED load 4.First constant pressure source 1 and voltage conversion circuit 5 (are equivalent to electricity Press processing module) it is used to carry out voltage conversion processing to the power supply (alternating current) of input;2 and first constant-current source of PWM generator, 3 (phase When in control module) it is used for that lighting apparatus is controlled gradually to brighten on startup.
Specifically, the power supply (alternating current) of access is carried out AC-DC conversion by the first constant pressure source 1, constant direct current is converted to Pressure, and LED load 4 is supplied to power the DC voltage;Meanwhile first constant pressure source 1 provide constant DC voltage and differ It is suitable for the power supply of miscellaneous equipment surely calmly, therefore, also by voltage conversion circuit 5 further by the first constant pressure source in the present embodiment The constant DC voltage of 1 output carries out D C-DC conversions, is converted to the operating voltage and the first constant-current source 3 needed for PWM generator 2 Required operating voltage;Respectively 2 and first constant-current source 3 of PWM generator is powered, and the first constant-current source 3 is electrically connected with LED load 4 It connects, for controlling 4 brightness change of LED load, PWM generator 2, which generates pwm signal, will be used for the first constant-current source 3 of control in demand Time in output current variation control, by 3 curent change of the first constant-current source control its brightness on startup of LED load 4 It is gradually brightened as requested to operating brightness.
First constant pressure source, including sequentially connected Switching Power Supply, filtering sub-circuit and constant pressure generation sub-circuit;Input Alternating current DC voltage is changed by power switch, then the DC voltage is filtered by filtering sub-circuit, And sub-circuit is generated by the constant pressure, the filtered DC voltage is converted to constant dc needed for lighting apparatus Pressure is powered for the lighting apparatus.The voltage conversion circuit, including first voltage conversion sub-circuit, second voltage conversion Circuit;Wherein:The first voltage conversion sub-circuit is used to the constant DC voltage of first constant pressure source output carrying out electricity Pressure conversion, exports the first operating voltage, powers for the PWM generator;The second voltage conversion sub-circuit is used for by described in The constant DC voltage of first constant pressure source output carries out voltage conversion, exports the second operating voltage, is supplied for first constant-current source Electricity.The PWM generator for generating pwm pulse control signal, is exported to first constant-current source.First constant-current source The corresponding control electric current of PWM pulse control signals output exported according to the PWM generator, so as to control with it is described The brightness of the lighting apparatus of the output terminal connection of constant-current source gradually brightens within the default startup time.
Based on the thought for the mode that is achieved in that, below we realize to further illustrate with specific circuit:
Alternating current is by being converted to DC voltage POWER after Switching Power Supply, as shown in Figure 6 a, alternating current passes through defeated after Switching Power Supply After the DC voltage POWER gone out is handled by two stage filter, stable+12V DC voltage is converted to by chip U7 and (is equivalent to Constant pressure source);Output+12V DC voltage is on the one hand to the LED load power supply in Fig. 6 d;On the other hand+12V DC voltage is defeated Enter the voltage conversion circuit shown in Fig. 6 b and be converted to operating voltage needed for each chip, specifically, input+12V DC voltage Steady dc voltage+3.3V is converted to by voltage conversion chip U4, the microcontroller/ARM chip conducts being supplied in Fig. 6 c Its operating voltage;In another group, input+12V DC voltage is converted to steady dc voltage by voltage conversion chip U4X + 5V is supplied to the driving chip UX in Fig. 6 d to power;ARM chips pass through the burned controls of J1 in Fig. 6 c (being equivalent to PWM generators) Processing procedure sequence, ARM chips generate corresponding pwm control signal to control after working condition is entered, according to the control program of programming Driving chip UX, the driving chip UX (being equivalent to constant-current source) shown in control figure 6d generates corresponding control electric current, so as to control The brightness for making the LED load being connected with the driving chip gradually brightens according to default brightness curve.Shown in Fig. 6 a and Fig. 6 b It is equivalent to voltage processing module and carries out voltage processing.
In above-described embodiment, main control chip output pwm control signal controls it negative by the difference of pwm pulse data bit Carry brightness change.The pin 21 (P B10) of ARM chips (microcontroller) is connected to the pin of driving chip UX in specific Fig. 6 c 8 (DIN feet), control signal SDA is inputed to driving chip by ARM chips;The pin 22 (PB11) of microcontroller and driving chip UX Pin 1 (DCLK) connection, clock signal SCL is inputed into driving chip;It is continuous by advance frequency in timer interruption It adjusts, it is gradually bright according to default brightness curve so as to achieve the effect that.
Embodiment three:Pure hardware realization, includes integrated comparator and delay circuit
Illuminating device starting circuit as shown in fig. 7, comprises be sequentially connected electrically the second constant pressure source 6, integrated comparator 7, Two constant-current sources 8,555 timers 9, integrated amplifier 10 and LED load 11.Second constant pressure source 6 also respectively with second constant current Source 8,555 timers 9 and integrated amplifier 7 are electrically connected;Second constant-current source 8 is also electrically connected with the LED load 11.Its In, the second constant pressure source 6 is equivalent to the voltage processing module of the present invention;Integrated comparator 7, constant-current source 8,555 timers 9 integrate Amplifier 10 collectively forms the control module of the present invention.Specifically:
0/1 square-wave signal that the generation of 555 timers 9 changes over time, the side that integrated comparator generates 555 timers 9 Ripple signal generates corresponding control wave compared with default reference signal, and inputs to constant-current source 8, constant-current source 8 Control signal is exported to integrated amplifier 10, integrated amplifier is exported after control signal is amplified to LED load 11, to control LED load 11 gradually brightens according to predetermined luminance curve.
Embodiment four:Integrated IC is realized
In present apparatus embodiment, as shown in figure 8, the voltage processing module 100 in the illuminating device starting device includes: Rectifier circuit 12 and the EMC filter circuit 13 being electrically connected with the rectifier circuit 12;The alternating current of input passes sequentially through institute Rectifier circuit 12, the EMC filter circuit 13 export constant DC voltage.
The control module 200 includes:Integrated control chip 14, integrating circuit 15, voltage feedback circuit 16, current sample Circuit 17;The integrated control chip 14 connects respectively with the integrating circuit 15, voltage feedback circuit 16, current sampling circuit 17 It connects;The integrated control chip 14 controls late-class circuit network output current to realize the illuminating device starting brightness default The startup time in gradually brighten to operating brightness.
Specifically, as shown in figure 9, by being input to after being filtered again by EMC after rectifier bridge progress rectification after alternating current entrance It controls in chip U1, the FB pins of control chip U1 are connected with voltage feedback circuit;Control the FT pins and integrating circuit of chip Connection, as time control end;DRAIN the and DR AISN pins of control chip are electrically connected respectively with current sampling circuit;Control The change for the current control output current that the voltage and current sampling circuit that chip U1 is then fed back according to voltage feedback circuit sample Change, the electric current of variation exports again gradually to brighten to LED, control LED in preset time.Preferably, according to predetermined luminance curve Gradually brighten.
Embodiment five:Fluorescence hesitation is realized
Luminaire includes lampshade and delayed fluorescence material, and delayed fluorescence material, which is arranged in lampshade, (for example to be coated in Lampshade inner surface).It can gradually be brightened by coating the delayed fluorescence material headlamp of suitable thickness in lampshade inner surface.Such as If fruit must get well the thickness control of delayed fluorescence material coating, it is also possible that headlamp can gradually become according to brightness curve It is bright.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the startup method and device of the lighting apparatus belongs to same design, embodiment of the method with Device embodiment can be mutually with reference to being applicable in, and details are not described herein again.
The last one embodiment, the invention also discloses a kind of LED lamp component, including the photograph described in any of the above-described embodiment The starter and LED light of bright equipment;The starter of the lighting apparatus controls the LED light in the default startup time It is interior gradually to brighten to operating brightness.It is described during starting the LED light by the starter of the lighting apparatus of the present invention LED light can gradually brighten in preset time to operating brightness.Likewise, the LED lamp component of the present invention can also use this hair The startup method of lighting apparatus described in bright any embodiment realizes the startup to LED light.It is repeated to reduce, it is no longer superfluous herein It states.
It should be noted that above-described embodiment can be freely combined as needed.The above is only the preferred of the present invention Embodiment, it is noted that for those skilled in the art, do not departing from the premise of the principle of the invention Under, several improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications also should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (18)

1. a kind of startup method of lighting apparatus, which is characterized in that including:
Voltage conversion processing is carried out to the power supply of input by the voltage processing module in the starter of lighting apparatus, it is defeated Go out the equipment power supply that constant DC voltage gives the voltage processing module connection;It is electrically connected when with the voltage processing module Control module enter normal operating conditions after, generate control signal, control the brightness of lighting apparatus in the default startup time It is interior gradually to brighten to operating brightness.
A kind of 2. startup method of lighting apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the control module generation control Signal processed, the brightness of the lighting apparatus is controlled, which gradually to brighten within the default startup time to operating brightness, to be included:The control Molding block by the lighting apparatus export the corresponding current signal of different brightness control the brightness of the lighting apparatus according to Default brightness curve gradually brightens to operating brightness;The brightness curve refers to the percentage M% of brightness with the number of seconds t of unlatching Change curve;The brightness curve between the first curve and the second curve, wherein, the brightness of the lighting apparatus is being opened Dynamic number of seconds reaches operating brightness, 5 >=△ T >=2 when being △ T;
The curvilinear equation of first curve is:
M=1189.9296t6/△T6-3395.133t5/△T5+3733.373t4/△T4-2263.9095t3/△T3+ 904.77t2/△T2- 69.1695t/ △ T-1.2736,
The curvilinear equation of second curve is:
M=-5268.7393t6/△T6+16437.95t5/△T5-18424.928t4/△T4+8345.6235t3/△T3- 1154.007t2/△T2+74.6955t/△T+2.0074。
3. the startup method of lighting apparatus according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The control module controls the photograph The brightness of bright equipment reaches operating brightness, i.e. △ T=4.5 when starting 4.5s;
The curvilinear equation of first curve is:
M=0.1433t6-1.8399t5+9.1044t4-24.844t3+44.68t2- 15.371t-1.2736,
The curvilinear equation of second curve is:
M=-0.6345t6+8.9081t5-44.932t4+92.572t3-56.988t2+16.599t+2.0074。
4. the startup method of lighting apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:The control module controls institute The brightness for stating lighting apparatus reaches operating brightness, 5 >=△ T >=2 when starting number of seconds and being △ T;
After opening 2.25/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled between 1.89% -2.31%;
After opening lighting apparatus 4.5/ △ Ts, control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 12.15% -14.85% it Between;
After opening 6.75/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled between 32.9% -37.1%;
After opening 9/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled between 55.68% -60.32%;
After opening lighting apparatus 11.25/ △ Ts, control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 75.66% -80.34% it Between;
After opening lighting apparatus 13.5/ △ Ts, control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 86.33% -91.67% it Between;
After opening 15.75/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled 92.635% -98.365% Between;
After opening 18/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled between 96.53% -99.5%;
After opening 20.25/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the brightness percentage for controlling the lighting apparatus is 100%.
5. the startup method of lighting apparatus according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The control module controls the photograph The brightness of bright equipment reaches operating brightness, i.e. △ T=4.5 when starting 4.5s;
After opening lighting apparatus 0.5s, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled between 1.89% -2.31%;
After opening lighting apparatus 1s, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled between 12.15% -14.85%;
After opening lighting apparatus 1.5s, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled between 32.9% -37.1%;
After opening lighting apparatus 2s, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled between 55.68% -60.32%;
After opening lighting apparatus 2.5s, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled between 75.66% -80.34%;
After opening lighting apparatus 3s, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled between 86.33% -91.67%;
After opening lighting apparatus 3.5s, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled between 92.635% -98.365%;
After opening lighting apparatus 4s, the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus is controlled between 96.53% -99.5%;
After opening lighting apparatus 4.5s, the brightness percentage for controlling the lighting apparatus is 100%.
6. according to a kind of illuminating device starting method of claim 1-5 any one of them, which is characterized in that pass through lighting apparatus Starter in voltage processing module voltage conversion processing carried out to the power supply of input include:
Rectifying and wave-filtering, Ran Houtong are carried out to the alternating voltage of input by the rectifying and wave-filtering submodule in the voltage processing module Voltage conversion after rectifying and wave-filtering is to handle mould with the voltage by the voltage conversion submodule crossed in the voltage processing module Different constant DC voltages needed for each equipment of block connection, the work as each equipment being connected with the voltage processing module Make voltage.
7. a kind of illuminating device starting method according to claim 6, which is characterized in that described in the control module control The brightness of lighting apparatus gradually brightens to operating brightness within the default startup time to be included:
The control module controls the brightness of the lighting apparatus gradual within the default startup time using PWM pulse width modulation methods It brightens to operating brightness.
8. a kind of starter of lighting apparatus, which is characterized in that including:
Voltage processing module for carrying out voltage conversion processing to the power supply of input, exports constant DC voltage and gives The equipment power supply of the voltage processing module connection;
Control module is electrically connected with the voltage processing module, for controlling the brightness of lighting apparatus in the default startup time It is interior gradually to brighten to operating brightness.
9. a kind of starter of lighting apparatus according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the control module pass through to The lighting apparatus exports the different brightness corresponding current signal controls lighting apparatus according to specified brightness curve pre- If the startup time in gradually brighten to operating brightness;Wherein, the brightness curve refers to the percentage M% of brightness with unlatching The change curve of number of seconds t;The brightness curve between the first curve and the second curve, wherein, the lighting apparatus it is bright Degree starts brightness when number of seconds is △ T and reaches operating brightness, 5 >=△ T >=2;
The curvilinear equation of first curve is:
M=1189.9296t6/△T6-3395.133t5/△T5+3733.373t4/△T4-2263.9095t3/△T3+ 904.77t2/△T2- 69.1695t/ △ T-1.2736,
The curvilinear equation of second curve is:
M=-5268.7393t6/△T6+16437.95t5/△T5-18424.928t4/△T4+8345.6235t3/△T3- 1154.007t2/△T2+74.6955t/△T+2.0074。
10. a kind of illuminating device starting device according to claim 9, which is characterized in that the control module controls institute The brightness for stating lighting apparatus reaches operating brightness, i.e. △ T=4.5 when starting 4.5s;
The curvilinear equation of first curve is:
M=0.1433t6-1.8399t5+9.1044t4-24.844t3+44.68t2- 15.371t-1.2736,
The curvilinear equation of second curve is:
M=-0.6345t6+8.9081t5-44.932t4+92.572t3-56.988t2+16.599t+2.0074。
11. the starter of lighting apparatus according to claim 8 or claim 9, it is characterised in that:The control module controls institute The brightness for stating lighting apparatus reaches operating brightness, 5 >=△ T >=2 when starting number of seconds and being △ T;
After opening 2.25/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 1.89% -2.31%;
After opening 4.5/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 12.15% -14.85%;
After opening 6.75/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 32.9% -37.1%;
After opening lighting apparatus 9/ △ Ts, the control module control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 55.68%- Between 60.32%;
After opening 11.25/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 75.66% -80.34%;
After opening 13.5/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 86.33% -91.67%;
After opening 15.75/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, the control module controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus to exist Between 92.635% -98.365%;
After opening lighting apparatus 18/ △ Ts, the control module control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 96.53%- Between 99.5%;
After opening 20.25/ △ Ts of lighting apparatus, it is 100% that the control module, which controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus,.
12. the starter of lighting apparatus according to claim 11, it is characterised in that:Described in the control module control The brightness of lighting apparatus reaches operating brightness, i.e. △ T=4.5 when starting 4.5s;
After opening lighting apparatus 0.5s, the control module control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 1.89%- Between 2.31%;
After opening lighting apparatus 1s, the control module control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 12.15%- Between 14.85%;
After opening lighting apparatus 1.5s, the control module control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 32.9%- Between 37.1%;
After opening lighting apparatus 2s, the control module control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 55.68%- Between 60.32%;
After opening lighting apparatus 2.5s, the control module control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 75.66%- Between 80.34%;
After opening lighting apparatus 3s, the control module control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 86.33%- Between 91.67%;
After opening lighting apparatus 3.5s, the control module control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 92.635%- Between 98.365%;
After opening lighting apparatus 4s, the control module control the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus 96.53%- Between 99.5%;
After opening lighting apparatus 4.5s, it is 100% that the control module, which controls the brightness percentage of the lighting apparatus,.
13. according to a kind of starter of lighting apparatus of claim 8-12 any one of them, which is characterized in that the voltage Processing module includes:First constant pressure source and the voltage conversion circuit being electrically connected with first constant pressure source;The control module bag It includes:PWM generator and the first constant-current source being electrically connected with the PWM generator;The voltage conversion circuit respectively with it is described PWM generator and first constant-current source electrical connection;The lighting apparatus respectively with first constant pressure source, first constant current Source is electrically connected;Wherein:
First constant pressure source, including sequentially connected Switching Power Supply, filtering sub-circuit and constant pressure generation sub-circuit;The friendship of input Galvanic electricity is changed into DC voltage by power switch, and then the DC voltage is filtered by filtering sub-circuit, and is led to It crosses constant pressure generation sub-circuit and the filtered DC voltage is converted into constant DC voltage needed for lighting apparatus, be The lighting apparatus power supply;
The voltage conversion circuit, including first voltage conversion sub-circuit, second voltage conversion sub-circuit;Wherein:Described first Voltage conversion sub-circuit is used to the constant DC voltage of first constant pressure source output carrying out voltage conversion, the first work of output Voltage is powered for the PWM generator;The second voltage conversion sub-circuit is used for the constant of first constant pressure source output DC voltage carries out voltage conversion, exports the second operating voltage, is first constant current source power supply;
The PWM generator for generating pwm pulse control signal, is exported to first constant-current source;
The corresponding control electricity of pwm pulse control signal output that first constant-current source is exported according to the PWM generator Stream, so as to control the brightness of the lighting apparatus that the output terminal with the constant-current source be connected gradual within the default startup time It brightens.
14. the starter of a kind of lighting apparatus according to claim 8-12, which is characterized in that the voltage handles mould Block includes:Second constant pressure source;The control module includes:The integrated comparator that is sequentially connected electrically, the second constant-current source, 555 timings Device and integrated amplifier;Second constant pressure source also respectively with the integrated comparator, the second constant-current source, 555 timers and collection It is electrically connected into amplifier;Second constant-current source is also electrically connected with the integrated amplifier;The lighting apparatus respectively with it is described Second constant-current source, integrated amplifier electrical connection.
15. a kind of starter of lighting apparatus according to claim 8-12, which is characterized in that
The voltage processing module includes:Rectifier circuit and the EMC filter circuit being electrically connected with the rectifier circuit;It is defeated The alternating current entered passes sequentially through institute's rectifier circuit, the EMC filter circuit exports constant DC voltage;
The control module includes:Integrated control chip, integrating circuit, voltage feedback circuit, current sampling circuit;It is described integrated Control chip is connected respectively with the integrating circuit, voltage feedback circuit, current sampling circuit;The integrated control chip controls The electric current of the lighting apparatus is inputed to realize that the illuminating device starting brightness gradually brightens within the default startup time To operating brightness.
A kind of 16. LED lamp component, which is characterized in that the startup dress including claim 8-15 any one of them lighting apparatus It puts, LED light.
CN201711347294.5A 2017-12-15 2017-12-15 The startup method, apparatus and LED lamp component of lighting apparatus Withdrawn CN108112118A (en)

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