CN108085970A - 一种汉麻微胶囊芳香型汽车坐垫用复合材料的制备方法 - Google Patents

一种汉麻微胶囊芳香型汽车坐垫用复合材料的制备方法 Download PDF

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CN108085970A
CN108085970A CN201711319232.3A CN201711319232A CN108085970A CN 108085970 A CN108085970 A CN 108085970A CN 201711319232 A CN201711319232 A CN 201711319232A CN 108085970 A CN108085970 A CN 108085970A
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张晨毅
金乐贫
章云
张娉
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WUHU HUANRUI AUTO INTERIOR DECORATION CO Ltd
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Abstract

一种汉麻微胶囊芳香型汽车坐垫用复合材料的制备方法,属于汽车内饰加工技术领域,包括以下步骤:汉麻纤维预处理、制备汉麻纤维/聚丙烯复合材料、单层造壁、双层造壁、制备微胶囊粉末、制备微胶囊芳香整理剂、微胶囊芳香整理。本发明制备的微胶囊,表面光滑,囊壁致密没有破裂,结构完整,测定其最高含油率达到40%左右。微胶囊外观较为规整,且均一性、分散性良好。柠檬精油被包裹在微胶囊里,微胶囊的平均粒径为2.6um左右,具有良好的热稳定性。以柠檬香精为芯,蜜胺树脂为壁材,选择合适的乳化剂用量、芯材和壁材比例、反应体系温度及pH值、搅拌速度及合理的控制时间,得到粒径较小及结构紧密的微胶囊,且微胶囊释放柠檬香精的速率缓慢。

Description

一种汉麻微胶囊芳香型汽车坐垫用复合材料的制备方法
技术领域 _1]本发觀于汽軸饰加工技术觀,離涉及— 复合材料的織施。 煎牛土補 背景技术
[0002]在科技咼速g展的今天,越来越多的人崇尚自然、简约、健康的生活方式,消费者 对汽车内饰面料的感受,,了通过视觉和触觉外,还可以通过嗅觉一闻出各种织物散发出 的香味,i此选择自己吾愛的纺织品。各种香味面料的悄然兴起和蓬勃发展不仅顺应了这 二趋势,满足了人类的需求,也赋予纺织品新的内涵。随着经济的发展以及生活水平的提 尚。人们对纺织品的要求发生了很大的变化,从过去的实用型向装饰、享受、保健型转化,纺 织品加香顺应了这一趋势。由于香味纺织品具有抑菌驱虫、掩盖异味、使身心舒适等作用, 因而得到了人们的普遍喜爱。
[0003]香|昧面料f研宄,将最新的芳香学与芳香疗法对人体心理学的研宄成果应用到纺 织品,属于局技术、高附加值的纺织品。不仅能够使享用者沐浴春风,心旷神怡,而且能带给 使用者治疗和保健效用。随着科技的发展,经济的繁荣,消费水平的提高,不久的将来香味 纺织品将成为国际纺织品的流行趋势。由于技术和成本的制约,目前我国对香味面料的开 发和应用较少,尤其是香味面料在汽车内饰方面的应用更是少之又少。加大对此的研究,致 力于推动微胶囊缓释技术的发展,必定能大大提高我国汽车纺织品在国际上的竞争实力。
发明内容
[0004]为了解决现有技术中存在的问题,本发明提供了一种具有优良的缓释效果的汉麻 微胶囊芳香型汽车坐垫用复合材料的制备方法。
[0005]本发明采用以下技术方案:
[0006] —种汉麻微胶囊芳香型汽车坐垫用复合材料的制备方法,包括以下步骤:
[0007] 步骤一:称取1 Og汉麻纤维,按浴比1:10投入到质量浓度为10 %的NaOH水溶液中, 并放置到温度为9(TC的恒温水浴锅中,沸煮60min,再用去离子水对汉麻纤维反复清洗至中 性后,置于60°C烘箱内干燥至恒重;
[000S]步骤二:汉麻纤维与聚丙烯纤维按质量比为50 : 50开松、混合均匀,将尿素和水配 制成质量浓度为20wt %尿素溶液,将尿素溶液喷洒在开松后的汉麻纤维与聚丙烯混合纤维 中,尿素溶液占纤维总质量的2〇wt %,密封90min后取出,梳理成网,再经过纺纱、织造制成 汉麻/聚丙烯复合材料;
[0009]步骤三:将10g柠檬香精、22g乳化剂和150g蒸馏水在40°C的温度下混合搅拌均句, 搅拌速度为900r/min,搅拌3h后倒入容器中,调节pH值至4_5,容器放入40。(:恒温水浴槽中, 在搅拌条件下滴加10g蜜胺树脂,升温至65 r,保温1.5h,进行单层造壁;
[0010]步骤四:单层造壁后冷却至室温后,在搅拌条件下再次滴加l〇g蜜胺树脂,升温至 75°C,保温2h,进行双层造壁;
[0011]步骤五:双层造壁后调节pH值至9,向容器中加入20g尿素除去游离甲醛,真空抽 滤,水洗3次,再用乙醇洗去表面的香精,烘千,得微胶囊粉末;
[0012]步骤六:按以下质量分数配置微胶囊芳香整理剂:微胶囊粉末5%,不饱和聚氨酯 水分散体20%,光引发剂2%,增稠剂1 %,交联剂5%,余量为水;
[0013] 步骤七:采用二浸二乳法,浴比1:20,将复合材料在微胶囊芳香整理剂中浸渍lh, 使其充分浸润,随后用轧车压轧,轧余率70%_80%,二浸二轧,于9(TC预烘90s,用烘千机在 l6〇°C焙烘40s,经热水、冷水各洗一次,最后将其自然晾干,再于l〇〇〇W高压有极汞灯下紫外 线固化4min,光源与复合材料的距离固定为5cm。
[0014]优选的,所述的乳化剂为聚二甲基二烯丙基氯化铵一丙烯酰胺。
[0015] 优选的,所述的光引发剂为二苯甲酮。
[0016] 优选的,所述的增稠剂为聚氨酯增稠剂。
[0017] 优选的,所述的交联剂为柠檬酸。
[0018] 本发明的有益效果在于:
[0019] 1)聚丙烯具有耐磨性好,强度高,防腐性好等特点。汉麻纤维材料应用于汽车坐垫 材料中,具有良好的抗菌、防腐、防臭的效果。
[0020] 2)在本发明的工艺条件下制备的微胶囊,表面光滑,囊壁致密没有破裂,结构完 整,测定其含油率,最高含油率达到40%左右。
[0021] 3)本发明制备的微胶囊外观较为规整,且均一性、分散性良好。柠檬精油被包裹在 微胶囊里,激光粒度仪的粒径测试表明了微胶囊的一致性较好,平均粒径为2.6um左右,具 有良好的热稳定性。
[0022] 4)以柠檬香精为芯,蜜胺树脂为壁材,选择合适的乳化剂用量、芯材和壁材比例、 反应体系温度及pH值、搅拌速度及合理的控制时间,得到粒径较小及结构紧密的微胶囊,微 胶囊释放柠檬香精的速率缓慢,具有优良的缓释效果,散发出柠檬香气具有良好的除异味 的效果。
[0023] 5)通过紫外线固化黏合剂可以实现微胶囊在低温条件下的固着。
具体实施方式
[0024]以下结合实施例,对本发明中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述。基于本发明中的 实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都 属于本发明保护的范围。
[0025] —种汉麻微胶囊芳香型汽车坐垫用复合材料的制备方法,包括以下步骤:
[0026] 步骤一:称取10g汉麻纤维,按浴比丨:10投入到质量浓度为10%的NaOH水溶液中, 并放置到温度为90°C的恒温水浴锅中,沸煮60min,再用去离子水对汉麻纤维反复清洗至中 性后,置于6〇 °C烘箱内干燥至恒重; 100271步骤二:汉麻纤维与聚丙烯纤维按质量比为50:50开松、混合均匀,将尿素和水配 制成质量浓度为2〇wt %尿素溶液,将尿素溶液喷洒在开松后的汉麻纤维与聚丙烯混合纤维 中,尿素溶液占纤维总质量的2〇wt%,密封90min后取出,梳理成网,再经过纺纱、织造制成 汉麻/聚丙烯复合材料;
[0028]步骤三:将10g柠檬香精、22g乳化剂和15收蒸馏水在4(rc的温度下混合搅拌均匀, 搅拌速度为9〇Or/min,搅拌3h后倒入容器中,调节PH值至4-5,容器放入40。(:恒温水浴槽中, 在搅拌条件下滴加10g蜜胺树脂,升温至65 °C,保温1.5h,进行单层造壁;
[0029]步骤四:单层造壁后冷却至室温后,在搅拌条件下再次滴加l〇g蜜胺树脂,升温至 75 °C,保温2h,进行双层造壁;
[0030]步骤五:双层造壁后调节pH值至9,向容器中加入20g尿素除去游离甲醛,真空抽 滤,水洗3次,再用乙醇洗去表面的香精,烘干,得微胶囊粉末;
[0031]步骤六:按以下质量分数配置微胶囊芳香整理剂:微胶囊粉末5%,不饱和聚氨酯 水分散体20%,光引发剂2%,增稠剂1 %,交联剂5%,余量为水;
[0032]步骤七:采用二浸二乳法,浴比1:20,将复合材料在微胶囊芳香整理剂中浸渍lh, 使其充分浸润,随后用轧车压轧,乳余率70%_80%,二浸二轧,于9〇°C预烘90s,用烘干机在 160°C焙烘40s,经热水、冷水各洗一次,最后将其自然晾干,再于l〇〇〇W高压有极汞灯下紫外 线固化4min,光源与复合材料的距离固定为5cm。
[0033] 所述的乳化剂为聚二甲基二烯丙基氯化铵一丙烯酰胺。
[0034]所述的光引发剂为二苯甲酮。
[0035]所述的增稠剂为聚氨酯增稠剂。
[0036] 所述的交联剂为柠檬酸。
[0037] 上面对本发明进行了示例性描述,显然本发明具体实现并不受上述方式的限制, 只要采用了本发明的方法构思和技术方案进行的各种非实质性的改进,或未经改进将本发 明的构思和技术方案直接应用于其它场合的,均在本发明的保护范围之内。本发明的保护 范围应该以权利要求书所限定的保护范围为准。

Claims (5)

1. 一种汉麻微胶囊芳香型汽车坐垫用复合材料的制备方法,其特征在于,包括以下步 骤: 步^聚::称取10gj5(麻纤维,按浴比i: 1〇投入到质量浓度为1〇%的似〇脉溶液中,并放 置到?皿应为9 0 C的恒温水浴锅中,沸煮6 〇 m i n,再用去离子水对汉麻纤维反复清洗至中性 后,置于60 C供箱内干燥至恒重; 胃步骤汉麻纤维与聚丙烯纤维按质量比为50:50开松、混合均匀,将尿素和水配制成 质量浓度为20wt %尿素溶液,将尿素溶液喷洒在开松后的汉麻纤维与聚丙烯混合纤维中, 尿素溶液占纤维总质量的2〇wt %,密封9〇min后取出,梳理成网,再经过纺纱、织造制成汉 麻/聚丙烯复合材料; 步骤三:将10g柠檬香精、22g乳化剂和丨5^蒸馏水在仙^的温度下混合搅拌均匀,搅拌 速度为9〇〇r/min,搅拌沛后倒入容器中,调节pH值至4-5,容器放入4(TC恒温水浴槽中,在搅 拌条件下滴加l〇g蜜胺树脂,升温至65。(:,保温1 • 5h,进行单层造壁; 步骤四:单层造壁后冷却至室温后,在搅拌条件下再次滴加10g蜜胺树脂,升温至75X:, 保温2h,进行双层造壁; 步骤五:双层造壁后调节pH值至9,向容器中加入20g尿素除去游离甲酸,真空抽滤,水 洗3次,再用乙醇洗去表面的香精,烘干,得微胶囊粉末; 步骤六:按以下质量分数配置微胶囊芳香整理剂:微胶囊粉末5%,不饱和聚氨醋水分 散体20%,光引发剂2%,增稠剂1%,交联剂5%,余量为水; 步骤七:采用二浸二轧法,浴比1: 20,将复合材料在微胶囊芳香整理剂中浸渍lh,使其 充分浸润,随后用乳车压乳,乳余率70 %-80%,二浸二轧,于g(TC预烘9〇s,用烘^机在丄㈤ °C焙烘40s,经热水、冷水各洗一次,最后将其自然晾干,再于lOOOff高压有极亲灯下紫外线 固化4min,光源与复合材料的距离固定为5cm。
2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种汉麻微胶囊芳香型汽车坐垫用复合材料的制备方法,其 特征在于:所述的乳化剂为聚二甲基二烯丙基氯化铵一丙烯酰胺。 ’ '
3.根据权利要求1所述的一种汉麻微胶囊芳香型汽车坐垫用复合材料的制备方法,其 特征在于:所述的光引发剂为二苯甲酮。 …
4. 根据权利要求1所述的一种汉麻微胶囊芳香型汽车坐垫用复合材料的制备方法,其 特征在于:所述的增稠剂为聚氨酯增稠剂。 …
5. 根据权利要求1所述的一种汉麻微胶囊芳香型汽车坐垫用复合材料的制备方法,其 特征在于:所述的交联剂为柠檬酸。 ’ '
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