CN108031720A - A kind of automated production steel profile cold extrusion press - Google Patents

A kind of automated production steel profile cold extrusion press Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108031720A
CN108031720A CN201711270474.8A CN201711270474A CN108031720A CN 108031720 A CN108031720 A CN 108031720A CN 201711270474 A CN201711270474 A CN 201711270474A CN 108031720 A CN108031720 A CN 108031720A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
belt pulley
grinding tool
base
supporting table
power platform
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711270474.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈军
程海何
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuxi Huiou Ceramic Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Wuxi Huiou Ceramic Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wuxi Huiou Ceramic Co Ltd filed Critical Wuxi Huiou Ceramic Co Ltd
Priority to CN201711270474.8A priority Critical patent/CN108031720A/en
Publication of CN108031720A publication Critical patent/CN108031720A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C23/00Extruding metal; Impact extrusion
    • B21C23/21Presses specially adapted for extruding metal
    • B21C23/212Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C23/00Extruding metal; Impact extrusion
    • B21C23/02Making uncoated products
    • B21C23/18Making uncoated products by impact extrusion
    • B21C23/183Making uncoated products by impact extrusion by forward extrusion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C23/00Extruding metal; Impact extrusion
    • B21C23/32Lubrication of metal being extruded or of dies, or the like, e.g. physical state of lubricant, location where lubricant is applied
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C25/00Profiling tools for metal extruding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C29/00Cooling or heating work or parts of the extrusion press; Gas treatment of work
    • B21C29/04Cooling or heating of press heads, dies or mandrels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C35/00Removing work or waste from extruding presses; Drawing-off extruded work; Cleaning dies, ducts, containers, or mandrels
    • B21C35/02Removing or drawing-off work

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of automated production steel profile cold extrusion press, including:Base, supporting table, power platform, hydraulic cylinder and feeding device, base bottom is provided with damping and slide-prevention body, supporting table is fixed on base, grinding tool, grinding tool fixed seat and cooling bath are provided with supporting table, four important actors being arranged symmetrically are fixedly installed on base, power platform is slidably connected with important actor, and compressive plane and mobile putter are provided with power platform, and feeding device includes:Support column, belt, belt pulley one, belt pulley two, belt pulley three, finished product box, hydraulic push rod, lubricating fluid spray gun, electromagnet and raw material platform, conveying arm is provided with hydraulic push rod, lubricating fluid spray gun and electromagnet are fixedly installed on conveying arm, belt pulley one is driving wheel, and finished product box is arranged at the lower section of belt pulley one.The present invention, rational in infrastructure, the degree of automation is high, and production efficiency is high, can increase grinding tool service life and ensure grinding tool intensity, this extruder extruded product metal flow is uniform, and structure property is uniform.

Description

A kind of automated production steel profile cold extrusion press
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of production equipment of cold-working part manufacture field, is specifically a kind of automated production steel profile cold-extruded Press.
Background technology
Cold extrusion is exactly that metal blank is placed in cold extrusion die cavity, at room temperature, passes through punch-pin fixed on forcing press Apply pressure to blank, the processing method for making metal blank produce plastic deformation and part being made.At present, China can to lead, Tin, the metal such as aluminium, copper, zinc and its alloy, mild steel, medium carbon steel, tool steel, low-alloy steel and stainless steel carry out cold extrusion, very To the cold extrusion that certain deflection can also be carried out to bearing steel, high-carbon high-aluminium alloy tool steel, high-speed steel etc..In extrusion equipment Aspect, China have possessed design and the ability of manufacture tonnage squeezing presses at different levels.Except using universal machine forcing press, hydraulic pressure Outside machine, cold extrusion press, cold extrusion production is successfully also carried out using friction press and high speed high power applications.
But cold extrusion press generally existing problem is at present:Product structure property is uneven, due to extruding when metal stream It is dynamic uneven, cause extruded product top layer, center, head and tail tissue performance non-uniform phenomenon;Extrude the work bar of grinding tool Part is severe, and the consume of grinding tool is big, and blank is in approximate air-tight state during extruding, and triaxial pressure is high, therefore grinding tool needs to bear very High pressure and friction is done, largely effect on the intensity and service life of grinding tool;Low production efficiency, conventional various pressing methods cannot Realize continuous production, it would be highly desirable to which solution is to provide a kind of high extruder of the degree of automation.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of automated production steel profile cold extrusion press, to solve in above-mentioned background technology The problem of proposition.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical solution:
A kind of automated production steel profile cold extrusion press, including:Base, supporting table, power platform, hydraulic cylinder and feeding device, institute State base bottom and be provided with damping and slide-prevention body, the supporting table is fixed on base, grinding tool is provided with supporting table, grinding tool is fixed Seat and cooling bath, the grinding tool are fixed in grinding tool fixed seat, and grinding tool fixed seat is fixedly welded on base, solid on the base Surely four important actors being arranged symmetrically are provided with, the power platform is slidably connected with important actor, and compressive plane and shifting are provided with power platform Dynamic push rod, the mobile putter are bolted with power platform, and the compressive plane is fixed on power platform bottom, the hydraulic cylinder With mobile putter by being slidably connected, the feeding device includes:Support column, belt, belt pulley one, belt pulley two, belt pulley 3rd, finished product box, hydraulic push rod, lubricating fluid spray gun, electromagnet and raw material platform, are provided with conveying arm, hydraulic pressure on the hydraulic push rod Push rod is fixed on support column, and the lubricating fluid spray gun and electromagnet are fixedly installed on conveying arm, and the raw material platform is fixed on Supporting table side, the belt, belt pulley one, belt pulley two and belt pulley three match somebody with somebody synthetic leather conveying device, the belt pulley One is driving wheel, and the finished product box is arranged at the lower section of belt pulley one.
As the further scheme of the present invention:The grinding tool, compressive plane and mobile putter vertical centre point are on one wire.
As further scheme of the invention:The cooling bath is arranged to the gradient that angle with horizontal plane is 15 °, ramp Top is coolant inlet, and ramp bottom is cooling liquid outlet, and coolant enters radiator after cooling liquid outlet, by dissipating The coolant of heat enters cooling bath by cooling liquid inlet.
As further scheme of the invention:The lubricating fluid spray gun is in same level, liquid with electromagnet bottom It is 45 ° to press spray gun angle with horizontal plane.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
(1)This cold extrusion press is rational in infrastructure, and the degree of automation is high, and production efficiency is high.
(2)This extruder extruded product metal flow is uniform, and structure property is uniform.
(3)There is lubrication cooling to grinding tool, grinding tool service life can be increased and ensure grinding tool intensity.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structure diagram of automated production steel profile cold extrusion press.
Fig. 2 is coolant circulation system structure diagram in a kind of automated production steel profile cold extrusion press.
In figure:1- mixing drums;2- driving devices;3- turning devices;4- damping devices;5- covers;6- filler;61- flows Gauge;7-;71- poidometers;8- reinforcing ribs;The threaded drive shafts of 9-;10- blenders;11- spring assemblies;12- stirs baffle; 13- threaded hole fixing pieces;14- fixes drive shaft;15- sliding rails;16- motors;17- discharge ports;18- cylinders;19- bases; 20- blender bases;21- stirs flabellum;22- fixes telescopic rod.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the attached drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained every other without making creative work Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Please refer to Fig.1~2, in the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of automated production steel profile cold extrusion press, including:Base 1, Supporting table 3, power platform 8, hydraulic cylinder 12 and feeding device 23,1 bottom of base are provided with damping and slide-prevention body 2, the support Platform 3 is fixed on base 1, and grinding tool 5, grinding tool fixed seat 4 and cooling bath 6 are provided with supporting table 3, and the grinding tool 5 is fixed on mill Have in fixed seat 4, grinding tool fixed seat 4 is fixedly welded on base 1, and four be arranged symmetrically are fixedly installed on the base 1 Important actor 7, the power platform 8 are slidably connected with important actor 7, and compressive plane 9 and mobile putter 10, the movement are provided with power platform 8 Push rod 10 is connected with power platform by bolt 11, and the compressive plane 9 is fixed on power platform bottom, and the hydraulic cylinder 12 is pushed away with movement By being slidably connected, the feeding device 23 includes bar 10:Support column 18, belt 24, belt pulley 1, belt pulley 2 14, skin Belt wheel 3 15, finished product box 16, hydraulic push rod 19, lubricating fluid spray gun 22, electromagnet 21 and raw material platform 17, on the hydraulic push rod 19 Conveying arm 20 is provided with, hydraulic push rod 19 is fixed on support column 18, and the lubricating fluid spray gun 22 and electromagnet 21 are fixedly installed In on conveying arm 20, the raw material platform 17 is fixed on 3 side of supporting table, the belt 24, belt pulley 1,2 14 and of belt pulley Belt pulley 3 15 matches somebody with somebody synthetic leather conveying device, and the belt pulley 1 is driving wheel, and the finished product box 16 is arranged at belt pulley One 13 lower sections.
The grinding tool 5, compressive plane 9 and 10 vertical centre point of mobile putter on one wire, can extrude compressive plane 9 Make uniform force center of gravity constant on grinding tool 5 during material, ensure that the even running of mechanism.
It is 15 ° of the gradient that the cooling bath 6, which is arranged to angle with horizontal plane, is coolant inlet 25 at the top of ramp, slope Road bottom is cooling liquid outlet 26, and coolant enters radiator 27 after cooling liquid outlet 16, passes through by the coolant of heat dissipation Cooling liquid inlet 25 enters cooling bath 6, and grinding tool 5 has substantial amounts of friction with raw material in steel profile Cold Extrusion Process, can produce Substantial amounts of heat, makes mold temperature higher, can reduce the temperature of grinding tool 5 by the effect of circulating cooling liquid, extend grinding tool 5 Service life, ensures the intensity of grinding tool 5.
The lubricating fluid spray gun 22 is in same level with 21 bottom of electromagnet, and 22 angle with horizontal plane of hydraulic pressure spray gun is 45 °, raw material can be made when that will be put into grinding tool 5, sprinkling lubricating fluid is carried out to grinding tool 5 and raw material, is lubricated in extrusion process The effect of liquid makes that extruded product metal flow is uniform, and structure property is uniform.
The present invention operation principle be:Raw material is controlled by belt transport to 17 designated position of raw material platform, hydraulic push rod 19 Conveying arm 20 is moved to 21 center of electromagnet from initial position and aligns with donor center, and electromagnet 21 is powered, and electromagnet 21 is encouraged Magnetic produces magnetic force and holds raw material, and hydraulic push rod 19 controls conveying arm 20 to be moved at 5 vertical centre of grinding tool, 21 dead electricity of electromagnet, 21 magnetic force of electromagnet disappears, so that raw material is sent into grinding tool 5, then hydraulic push rod 19 controls conveying arm 20 to be moved to initial bit To put, hydraulic cylinder 12 controls power platform 8 to move down, so as to drive compressive plane 9 by raw material by 5 extrusion forming of grinding tool, then hydraulic cylinder Designated position is moved on 12 control power platforms 8, hydraulic push rod 19 controls conveying arm 20 to be moved at 5 vertical centre of grinding tool, electromagnetism Iron 21 is powered, and 21 excitation of electromagnet produces magnetic force and holds extruding finished parts, and then hydraulic push rod 19 controls conveying arm 20 to move Move to the top of belt pulley 3 15,21 dead electricity of electromagnet, 21 magnetic force of electromagnet, which disappears, makes extruding finished parts be put on belt 24, belt 4 are sent into extruding finished parts in finished product box under the driving of belt pulley one, and then hydraulic push rod 19 controls conveying arm 20 to be moved to Initial position.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit requires rather than described above limits, it is intended that all in the implication and scope of the equivalency of claim by falling Change is included in the present invention.Any reference numeral in claim should not be considered as to the involved claim of limitation.
Moreover, it will be appreciated that although the present specification is described in terms of embodiments, not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical solution, this narrating mode of specification is only that those skilled in the art should for clarity Using specification as an entirety, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art It is appreciated that other embodiment.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of automated production steel profile cold extrusion press, including:Base(1), supporting table(3), power platform(8), hydraulic cylinder (12)And feeding device(23), it is characterised in that the base(1)Bottom is provided with damping and slide-prevention body(2), the supporting table (3)It is fixed on base(1)On, supporting table(3)On be provided with grinding tool(5), grinding tool fixed seat(4)And cooling bath(6), the grinding tool (5)It is fixed on grinding tool fixed seat(4)On, grinding tool fixed seat(4)It is fixedly welded on base(1)On, the base(1)Upper fixation is set It is equipped with four important actors being arranged symmetrically(7), the power platform(8)With important actor(7)It is slidably connected, power platform(8)On be provided with it is crowded Pressure surface(9)And mobile putter(10), the mobile putter(10)Pass through bolt with power platform(11)Connection, the compressive plane(9) It is fixed on power platform bottom, the hydraulic cylinder(12)With mobile putter(10)By being slidably connected, the feeding device(23)Bag Include:Support column(18), belt(24), belt pulley one(13), belt pulley two(14), belt pulley three(15), finished product box(16), hydraulic pressure Push rod(19), lubricating fluid spray gun(22), electromagnet(21)With raw material platform(17), the hydraulic push rod(19)On be provided with conveying arm (20), hydraulic push rod(19)It is fixed on support column(18)On, the lubricating fluid spray gun(22)And electromagnet(21)It is fixedly installed on Conveying arm(20)On, the raw material platform(17)It is fixed on supporting table(3)Side, the belt(24), belt pulley one(13), belt Wheel two(14)With belt pulley three(15)With synthetic leather conveying device, the belt pulley one(13)For driving wheel, the finished product box (16)It is arranged at belt pulley one(13)Lower section.
2. a kind of self-adapting stretching for building according to claim 1 stirs agitating device, it is characterised in that the grinding tool (5), compressive plane(9)And mobile putter(10)Vertical centre point is on one wire.
3. a kind of self-adapting stretching for building according to claim 1 stirs agitating device, it is characterised in that the cooling Groove(6)The gradient that angle with horizontal plane is 15 ° is arranged to, is coolant inlet at the top of ramp(25), ramp bottom is cooling Liquid exports(26), coolant is through cooling liquid outlet(16)Enter radiator afterwards(27), pass through coolant by the coolant of heat dissipation Import(25)Into cooling bath(6)In.
4. a kind of self-adapting stretching for building according to claim 1 stirs agitating device, it is characterised in that the lubrication Liquid spray gun(22)With electromagnet(21)Bottom is in same level, hydraulic pressure spray gun(22)Angle with horizontal plane is 45 °.
CN201711270474.8A 2017-12-05 2017-12-05 A kind of automated production steel profile cold extrusion press Pending CN108031720A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711270474.8A CN108031720A (en) 2017-12-05 2017-12-05 A kind of automated production steel profile cold extrusion press

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711270474.8A CN108031720A (en) 2017-12-05 2017-12-05 A kind of automated production steel profile cold extrusion press

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108031720A true CN108031720A (en) 2018-05-15

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Country Status (1)

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203265513U (en) * 2013-04-18 2013-11-06 青岛中信欧德机械科技股份有限公司 Dinner knife blank forging and pressing forming feeding mechanical arm
CN104001847A (en) * 2014-05-05 2014-08-27 北京机电研究所 Automatic cooling and lubricating system of warm forging mould
CN104722673A (en) * 2015-03-03 2015-06-24 芜湖德创电气有限公司 Automatic feeding stamping equipment
CN105562451A (en) * 2016-02-25 2016-05-11 林楚江 Horizontal hydraulic cold extruding machine tool and machining method thereof
CN205763583U (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-12-07 南昌市宏达铸锻有限公司 The preforming mould forging device of automotive axle housing tube
CN106825357A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-06-13 安徽工业大学 A kind of automatic cooling and lubricating device of forging mold
CN106881441A (en) * 2017-03-03 2017-06-23 陈富强 It is a kind of to cool down mould and the recyclable sprayed molybdenum synchronization ring forging press of coolant
CN207914343U (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-09-28 无锡汇欧陶瓷有限公司 A kind of automated production steel profile cold extrusion press

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203265513U (en) * 2013-04-18 2013-11-06 青岛中信欧德机械科技股份有限公司 Dinner knife blank forging and pressing forming feeding mechanical arm
CN104001847A (en) * 2014-05-05 2014-08-27 北京机电研究所 Automatic cooling and lubricating system of warm forging mould
CN104722673A (en) * 2015-03-03 2015-06-24 芜湖德创电气有限公司 Automatic feeding stamping equipment
CN105562451A (en) * 2016-02-25 2016-05-11 林楚江 Horizontal hydraulic cold extruding machine tool and machining method thereof
CN205763583U (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-12-07 南昌市宏达铸锻有限公司 The preforming mould forging device of automotive axle housing tube
CN106881441A (en) * 2017-03-03 2017-06-23 陈富强 It is a kind of to cool down mould and the recyclable sprayed molybdenum synchronization ring forging press of coolant
CN106825357A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-06-13 安徽工业大学 A kind of automatic cooling and lubricating device of forging mold
CN207914343U (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-09-28 无锡汇欧陶瓷有限公司 A kind of automated production steel profile cold extrusion press

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