CN107994406A - Intelligent socket and its control method based on Internet of Things - Google Patents

Intelligent socket and its control method based on Internet of Things Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107994406A
CN107994406A CN201610951391.4A CN201610951391A CN107994406A CN 107994406 A CN107994406 A CN 107994406A CN 201610951391 A CN201610951391 A CN 201610951391A CN 107994406 A CN107994406 A CN 107994406A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
intelligent
electrical equipment
socket
pins
power
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Pending
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CN201610951391.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢锋
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Changzhou First Information Technology Co Ltd
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Changzhou First Information Technology Co Ltd
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Application filed by Changzhou First Information Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Changzhou First Information Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610951391.4A priority Critical patent/CN107994406A/en
Publication of CN107994406A publication Critical patent/CN107994406A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/66Structural association with built-in electrical component
    • H01R13/665Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in electronic circuit
    • H01R13/6683Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in electronic circuit with built-in sensor
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/66Structural association with built-in electrical component
    • H01R13/665Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in electronic circuit
    • H01R13/6691Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in electronic circuit with built-in signalling means
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/66Structural association with built-in electrical component
    • H01R13/70Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in switch
    • H01R13/713Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in switch the switch being a safety switch

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of intelligent socket and its control method based on Internet of Things, the socket intelligent power socket and intelligent management system, data exchange is carried out between intelligent power socket and intelligent management system by WiFi communications;Intelligent power socket is built-in with RFID electronic label identifier, MCU and electrical energy parameter metering module, and the attaching plug of electrical equipment is embedded in a RFID electronic label for being used to record rated power parameter required during current electrical equipment work;Connected between RFID electronic label identifier and RFID electronic label by RFID modes, RFID electronic label is interconnected by RFID electronic label identifier and MCU, the output terminal of electrical energy parameter metering module and the input terminal of MCU connect, and the control terminal of the output terminal of MCU and relay connects.The present invention can real time automatic detection, power themselves down, effectively avoid the generation of electrical fire accident.

Description

Intelligent socket and its control method based on Internet of Things
Technical field
The present invention relates to jack technology field, more particularly to a kind of intelligent socket and its control method based on Internet of Things.
Background technology
Related as shown by data, the electrical fire more than 70% are due to higher than the peace required by the circuit breaker in power outlet Full voltage or electric current cause.Traditional power outlet does not possess electrical energy parameter automatic detection function, will not be because of power outlet institute The rated voltage that can provide, electric current are insufficient for the requirement of current electrical equipment, and power themselves down;More will not be because of current electricity The electrical energy parameters such as the operating voltage of device equipment, electric current surmount the maximum voltage that power outlet can be provided, current value and make early warning Processing, and notify at once to power consumer, to prevent the generation of electrical fire accident.At the same time, China is about super every year Cross thousands and electric shock or burning accident occur because power outlet is touched.Inserted to find out its cause, being primarily due to traditional power supply No matter whether seat accessed electrical equipment thereon, and the jack of power outlet has been powered.The defects of for conventional electrical outlet with Functionally existing deficiency, vast power consumer there is an urgent need to a kind of function, insert by more complete and with defencive function intelligent power Seat.For this reason, using electrical energy parameter real time automatic detection, RFID radio frequency identifications, WiFi wireless communications, embedded MCU, with And the multiple technologies such as Android intelligent controls, management, devise a intelligent socket based on Internet of Things.
The content of the invention
For shortcoming present in above-mentioned technology, the present invention provides a kind of intelligent socket and its control based on Internet of Things Method processed, can real time automatic detection, power themselves down, effectively avoid the generation of electrical fire accident.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a kind of intelligent socket based on Internet of Things, including intelligent power socket and Intelligent management system, data are carried out between the intelligent power socket and intelligent management system by WiFi communications Exchange;
The intelligent power socket is built-in with RFID electronic label identifications device, MCU and electrical energy parameter metering module, electrical equipment Attaching plug be embedded in a RFID electronics mark for being used to record rated power parameter required during the work of current electrical equipment Label;Connected between the RFID electronic label identifications device and RFID electronic label by RFID modes, the RFID electronics mark Label are interconnected by RFID electronic label identifications device and MCU, and the output terminal of the electrical energy parameter metering module and MCU's is defeated Enter end connection, and the control terminal of the output terminal of the MCU and relay connects;
Can be on the current intelligent power socket of real-time perception with being adapted to for RFID electronic label by RFID electronic label identifications device No to be connected to electrical equipment, when perceiving no electrical equipment access, MCU controls the control terminal of relay, disconnects power cord, No longer power to the jack on intelligent power socket;When having perceived electrical equipment access, electrical energy parameter metering module is felt in real time Know the work energy value for current electrical equipment;Then MCU passes through the electrical equipment in RFID mode reading electronic labels Rated power parameter;The work energy value that rated power parameter is perceived with electrical energy parameter metering module is compared, is analyzed;And Whether the work energy value that judgement intelligent power socket can be provided meets the rated power parameter needed for electrical equipment;
If rated power parameter during current electrical equipment work exceeds the work energy value that intelligent power socket can be provided, Intelligent power socket can inform electrical equipment in time, while also not power to jack;It is if specified needed for current electrical equipment Electrical energy parameter also can inform that electric appliance is set in time without departing from the work energy value that intelligent power socket can be provided, intelligent power socket It is standby, and supply power for.
Wherein, the intelligent power socket is also built-in with WiFi wireless communication modules, and the intelligent management system is embedded in On intelligent terminal, intelligent management system and intelligent power socket are realized by being adapted to for antenna and WiFi wireless communication modules Communication interaction connects;The intelligent management system is managed intelligent power socket with WiFi communications, controls:
Whether electrical equipment is connected on intelligent management system real-time query intelligent power socket;If being connected to electrical equipment, can stand Read the efforts energy value of current electrical equipment;
It is remote controlled whether to power to some electrical equipment:Such as send instructions " 1 " power to it, such as send instructions " 0 " it is disconnected to it Electricity.
Wherein, the intelligent power socket is additionally provided with LCD display, and the output terminal of the LCD display and MCU connects Work energy value when connecing, and being worked by the current electrical equipment of LCD display real-time display;Set on the LCD display There are date and time information unit, temporal information unit, information of voltage unit, current information unit, power information unit and energy information Unit;The intelligent power socket is additionally provided with multiple USB interfaces for portable electric appts charging.
Wherein, the intelligent power socket is also built-in with voltage transformer, current transformer and power failure protection module, described One end of voltage transformer, current transformer and power failure protection module is connected to 220V alternating currents, the voltage transformer and The other end of current transformer is connected to the input terminal of electrical energy parameter metering module, and the output terminal of the MCU is additionally coupled to break Electric protection module;The voltage and current signal sensed is sent to electrical energy parameter meter by the voltage transformer and current transformer Measure module.
Wherein, the intelligent power socket is also built-in with real-time clock module, and the real-time clock module and MCU's is defeated Enter end connection.
Wherein, the model MSP430F149 of the MCU.
Wherein, the model ATT7053 of the electrical energy parameter metering module, and 4.5~5.5 V of its operating voltage;It is described First resistor is connected between the DVDD pins and RST pins of ATT7053 chips, one end of first resistor is also parallel with successively Two resistance, 3rd resistor and the first capacitance, the first capacity earth, second resistance are also connected with Test pins, and 3rd resistor is also connected with AVCC pins, and the second capacitance is also parallel between AVCC pins and 3rd resistor;RST pins and the common port of first resistor lead to The 3rd capacity earth is crossed, VDD1P8 pins after the 4th capacitance and the 5th capacitance in parallel by connecting the 3rd capacitance;ATT7053 cores The 4th resistance and the 5th resistance of the V3P pins connection parallel connection of piece, and form closed loop between the 5th resistance and the 6th capacitance After be grounded;The 6th resistance and the 7th resistance of the V3N pins connection parallel connection of ATT7053 chips, and the 7th resistance and the 8th capacitance Between formed closed loop after be grounded;V1P and V1N are hanging;V2P is connected with the 8th resistance and the 9th capacitance, the 8th electricity One end of resistance is connected with the 9th resistance, the tenth resistance and the 11st resistance being sequentially connected in series, the 9th resistance and the tenth resistance Both common ports are grounded again after connecting the 9th capacitance, one end connection V2N pins of the 11st resistance, and the 11st resistance One end also by the tenth capacity earth, be parallel with the 11st capacitance and the 12nd capacitance between the tenth capacitance and Vref; GND pin is grounded, and crystal oscillator is connected between OSCO pins and OSC1 pins, and one end of the crystal oscillator connects the 13rd capacitance, and The other end of the crystal oscillator is connected with the 14th capacitance with the 13rd capacitance connection;SPI-CLK pins, SPI-DO pins, SPI-DI pins, SPI-CS pins and IRQ pins are all connected with information channel;PF pins and QF pins are hanging;UART pins connect Connect power supply, AGND pins ground connection.
Wherein, the RFID electronic label identifications device uses TRF7960A chips, which is used for comprising one The integrated-type AFE(analog front end) of ISO15693, ISO14443A/B and FeliCa and the data framing engine built in one;For With synchronous task ISO14443 on all framings and plate, the data rate of support is up to 848 Kb/s.
Wherein, the WiFi wireless communication modules are the embedded WiFi modules of super low-power consumption of model WiFi801D, The 15th capacitance is connected between the nRST pins and GND pin of WiFi801D chips, one end of the 15th capacitance passes through 12nd resistance connects power supply, and one end of the 15th capacitance also connects the 13rd resistance by relay switch, and described the The other end of 15 capacitances also connects the 13rd resistance;TXD pins connect the 14th resistance, and RXD pins connect the 15th resistance, 14th resistance and the 15th resistance are also connected with the 16th capacitance and the 17th capacitance of parallel connection.
To achieve the above object, the present invention also provides a kind of intelligent socket control method based on Internet of Things, the intelligence Data exchange is carried out by WiFi communications between power outlet and intelligent management system;
Can be on the current intelligent power socket of real-time perception with being adapted to for RFID electronic label by RFID electronic label identifications device No to be connected to electrical equipment, when perceiving no electrical equipment access, MCU controls the control terminal of relay, disconnects power cord, No longer power to the jack on intelligent power socket;When having perceived electrical equipment access, electrical energy parameter metering module is felt in real time Know the work energy value for current electrical equipment;Then MCU passes through the electrical equipment in RFID mode reading electronic labels Rated power parameter;The work energy value that rated power parameter is perceived with electrical energy parameter metering module is compared, is analyzed;And Whether the work energy value that judgement intelligent power socket can be provided meets the rated power parameter needed for electrical equipment;
If the work energy value that intelligent power socket can be provided cannot meet rated power parameter during electrical equipment work, Intelligent power socket can inform electrical equipment in time, while also not power to jack;What if intelligent power socket can be provided Work energy value can meet rated power parameter during electrical equipment work, and intelligent power socket also can inform that electric appliance is set in time It is standby, and supply power for.
Compared with prior art, intelligent socket and its control method provided by the invention based on Internet of Things, have as follows Beneficial effect:
1)RFID electronic label identifications device and RFID electronic label be adapted to can on the current intelligent power socket of real-time perception whether Electrical equipment is connected to, when perceiving no electrical equipment access, MCU controls the control terminal of relay, disconnects power cord, no Power again to the jack on intelligent power socket;The improvement of this mode, it is ensured that the voltage on jack is zero, so that effectively Ground avoids electric shock or the generation by burning accident;
2)When having perceived electrical equipment access, electrical energy parameter metering module real-time perception goes out the work energy of current electrical equipment Be worth and with rated power parameter comparison, analysis;And judge whether the work energy value that intelligent power socket can be provided meets electricity Rated power parameter needed for device equipment;If it exceeds then powering off, if do not looked into, power, this mode can utilize electric energy Parameter real time automatic detection, power themselves down, further effectively avoid the generation of electrical fire accident;
3)Data exchange is carried out by WiFi communications between intelligent power socket and intelligent management system, can be real-time Whether inquire about in intelligent power equipment has electrical equipment to access, is remote controlled electric to the power supply of some electrical equipment or long-range reading Can parameter;Therefore the management and control to intelligent power socket can remotely be realized;
4)Summarize:Intelligent socket based on Internet of Things can not only monitor and show the electrical equipment work accessed on socket in real time When voltage, electric current, the electrical energy parameter such as power, and if electrical energy parameter exceeds the rated power parameter that socket can be provided When, socket can be automatically to electrical equipment power-off and early warning, to prevent electrical fire.Meanwhile if electricity is not accessed on socket Device equipment, socket port are constantly in off-position, so as to effectively avoid electric shock or the generation by burning accident;In addition, user can Pass through the switch of WiFi remote control intelligent sockets.Intelligent socket based on Internet of Things can extensive utilization average family, office The various fields such as room, factory.Therefore, Internet of Things intelligent socket, there is extensive market application foreground and social demand.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the functional-block diagram of the intelligent socket based on Internet of Things of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the specific block diagram of the intelligent socket based on Internet of Things of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the circuit diagram of MUC in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the circuit diagram of electrical energy parameter metering module in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the circuit diagram of WiFi wireless communication modules in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the control method flow chart of the intelligent socket based on Internet of Things of the present invention.
Main element symbol description is as follows:
1st, intelligent power socket 2, intelligent management system
3rd, RFID electronic label 10, RFID electronic label identification devices
11st, MCU 12, electrical energy parameter metering module
13rd, WiFi wireless communication modules 14, LCD display
15th, USB interfaces 16, voltage transformer
17th, current transformer 18, power failure protection module
19th, real-time clock module 141, date and time information unit
142nd, temporal information unit 143, information of voltage unit
144th, current information unit 145, power information unit
146th, energy information unit.
Embodiment
In order to more clearly state the present invention, the present invention is further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Please refer to Fig.1-2, the intelligent socket of the invention based on Internet of Things, including intelligent power socket 1 and intelligent management System 2, data exchange is carried out between intelligent power socket 1 and intelligent management system 2 by WiFi communications;
Intelligent power socket 1 is built-in with RFID electronic label identifications device 10, MCU11 and electrical energy parameter metering module 12, and electric appliance is set Standby attaching plug is embedded in a RFID electronics for being used to record rated power parameter required during current electrical equipment work Label 3;Connected between RFID electronic label identifications device 10 and RFID electronic label 3 by RFID modes, RFID electronic label 3 Interconnected by RFID electronic label identifications device 10 and MCU11, the output terminal of electrical energy parameter metering module 12 and MCU11's Input terminal connects, and the control terminal of the output terminal of MCU11 and relay connects;
Can the current intelligent power socket 1 of real-time perception with being adapted to for RFID electronic label 3 by RFID electronic label identifications device 10 On whether be connected to electrical equipment, when perceiving the access of no electrical equipment, MCU 11 controls the control terminal of relay, makes power cord Disconnect, no longer power to the jack on intelligent power socket;When having perceived electrical equipment access, electrical energy parameter metering module 12 Real-time perception goes out the work energy value of current electrical equipment;Then MCU11 passes through the electricity in RFID mode reading electronic labels The rated power parameter of device equipment;The work energy value that rated power parameter is perceived with electrical energy parameter metering module is opposed Than, analysis;And judge whether work energy value that intelligent power socket can be provided meets the rated power needed for electrical equipment Parameter;
If rated power parameter during current electrical equipment work exceeds the work energy value that intelligent power socket can be provided, Intelligent power socket can inform electrical equipment in time, while also not power to jack;It is if specified needed for current electrical equipment Electrical energy parameter also can inform that electric appliance is set in time without departing from the work energy value that intelligent power socket can be provided, intelligent power socket It is standby, and supply power for.
In the present embodiment, intelligent power socket 1 is also built-in with WiFi wireless communication modules 13, and intelligent management system 2 is embedding Enter on intelligent terminal, intelligent management system and intelligent power are realized by being adapted to for antenna and WiFi wireless communication modules Socket communication interaction connects;Intelligent management system is managed intelligent power socket with WiFi communications, controls:
Whether electrical equipment is connected on intelligent management system real-time query intelligent power socket;If being connected to electrical equipment, can stand Read the efforts energy value of current electrical equipment;
It is remote controlled whether to power to some electrical equipment:Such as send instructions " 1 " power to it, such as send instructions " 0 " it is disconnected to it Electricity.Work energy value in this case includes the electrical energy parameters such as voltage, electric current, power;Rated power parameter include rated voltage, The electrical energy parameters such as rated current, rated power.
In the present embodiment, intelligent power socket is additionally provided with LCD display 14, the output of LCD display 14 and MCU11 End connection, and work energy value during electrical equipment work current by LCD display real-time display;Set on LCD display There are date and time information unit 141, temporal information unit 142, information of voltage unit 143, current information unit 144, power information list Member 145 and energy information unit 146;Intelligent power socket 1 is additionally provided with multiple USB for portable electric appts charging and connects Mouth 15.The information such as LCD display can show date, time, voltage, electric current, power and electric energy.
In the present embodiment, intelligent power socket 1 is also built-in with voltage transformer 16, current transformer 17 and power-off protection Module 18, one end of voltage transformer, current transformer and power failure protection module are connected to 220V alternating currents, voltage transformer The input terminal of electrical energy parameter metering module is connected to the other end of current transformer, the output terminal of MCU is additionally coupled to power off Protection module;The voltage and current signal sensed is sent to electrical energy parameter metering mould by voltage transformer and current transformer Block.Intelligent power socket is also built-in with real-time clock module 19, and real-time clock module 19 is connected with the input terminal of MCU.The intelligence Energy power outlet is monitored in real time by electrical energy parameter, RFID radio frequency automatic identifications, WiFi wireless communications, embedded MCU, LCD The function modules such as display, USB interfaces, power-off protection operation, real-time clock are formed.
The model MSP430F149, MCU11 of MCU11 are the cores of whole system, are responsible for collection, the place of data Reason and relevant control, using MSP430F149.The chip be TI companies of the U.S. release a low-power consumption, it is highly integrated, High Performance SCM, particularly suitable for battery applications occasion or handheld device.MSP430F149 contains 1 hardware multiplication Device, 48 I/O mouthfuls, 1 analog comparator, 2 timers with seizure/comparand register, 8 12, tunnels AC/DC converters, 2 hardware serial communication interfaces, the FLASH ROM of 60 KB, particularly suitable for designing system-on-chip, Its circuit design is as shown in Fig. 3.
Referring to Fig. 4, the model ATT7053 of electrical energy parameter metering module 11, and 4.5~5.5 V of its operating voltage; First resistor R1 is connected between the DVDD pins and RST pins of ATT7053 chips, one end of first resistor R1 is also in parallel successively There are second resistance R2,3rd resistor R3 and the first capacitance C1, the first capacitance C1 ground connection, second resistance R2 is also connected with Test pins, 3rd resistor R3 is also connected with AVCC pins, and the second capacitance C2 is also parallel between AVCC pins and 3rd resistor;RST pins with The common port of first resistor R1 is grounded by the 3rd capacitance C3, and VDD1P8 pins pass through the 4th capacitance C4 and the 5th capacitance in parallel The 3rd capacitance C3 is connected after C5;The 4th resistance R4 and the 5th resistance R5 of the V3P pins connection parallel connection of ATT7053 chips, and the It is grounded after forming closed loop between five resistance FR and the 6th capacitance C6;The 6th of the V3N pins connection parallel connection of ATT7053 chips Resistance R6 and the 7th resistance R7, and be grounded after forming closed loop between the 7th resistance R7 and the 8th capacitance C8;V1P and V1N are equal Vacantly;V2P is connected with the 8th resistance R8 and the 9th capacitance C9, and one end of the 8th resistance R8 is connected with the 9th resistance being sequentially connected in series The common port of both R9, the tenth resistance R10 and the 11st resistance R1, the 9th resistance R9 and the tenth resistance R10 connect the 9th capacitance It is grounded again after C9, one end connection V2N pins of the 11st resistance R11, and one end of the 11st resistance also passes through the tenth capacitance C10 It is grounded, the 11st capacitance C11 and the 12nd capacitance C12 is parallel between the tenth capacitance C10 and Vref;GND pin is grounded, OSCO Crystal oscillator Y is connected between pin and OSC1 pins, one end of crystal oscillator Y connects the 13rd capacitance C13, and the other end connection of crystal oscillator There is the 14th capacitance C14 with the 13rd capacitance connection;SPI-CLK pins, SPI-DO pins, SPI-DI pins, SPI-CS draw Foot and IRQ pins are all connected with information channel;PF pins and QF pins are hanging;UART pins connect power supply, AGND pins ground connection. ATT7053 is a single-phase multifunctional computation chip with SPI and UART interfaces, its operating voltage is 4.5~5.5 V.The characteristics of chip, has:3 tunnel, 22 b ∑ Δ ADC, 28 kHz/14 kHz/7 kHz of sample rate are adjustable;Support 5 000: 1 dynamic range;Active and reactive, apparent energy and electrical energy pulse is supported to export;It is logical that two-way metering can be obtained at the same time The voltage in road, the virtual value of current channel, and electric voltage frequency, voltage current phase.
In the present embodiment, RFID electronic label identifications device uses TRF7960A chips, which is used for comprising one The integrated-type AFE(analog front end) of ISO15693, ISO14443A/B and FeliCa and the data framing engine built in one;For With synchronous task ISO14443 on all framings and plate, the data rate of support is up to 848 Kb/s.For with all groups Synchronous task on frame and plate(ISO patterns, acquiescence)ISO14443, it support data rate be up to 848 Kb/s. It also supports NFC forums tag types 1,2,3 and 4 to operate(It is only used as reader/writer).Can be by using device Two Direct Models provided perform other standards, or even perform custom protocol.These Direct Models(0 and 1)So that User can control AFE(analog front end) completely(AFE)And obtain original auxiliary carrier data or non-Framed Data(But it has been ISO Formatted data)And correlation(It is extracted)The access right of clock signal.
Further referring to Fig. 5, WiFi wireless communication modules are that the super low-power consumption of model WiFi801D is embedded WiFi modules, are connected with the 15th capacitance C15, the 15th capacitance between the nRST pins and GND pin of WiFi801D chips One end of C15 also passes through relay switch K5 connections by the 12nd resistance R12 connection power supplys, one end of the 15th capacitance C15 13 resistance R13, and the other end of the 15th capacitance C15 also connects the 13rd resistance R13;TXD pins connect the 14th resistance The connection of R14, RXD pin the 15th resistance R15, the 14th resistance R14 and the 15th resistance R15 are also connected with the 16th of parallel connection Capacitance R16 and the 17th capacitance R17.Other pins on WiFi801D chips are hanging, be integrated with the module hardware MAC, Baseband chip, Transmit Receive Unit and power amplifier;Embedded firmware then supports WiFi agreements and configuration, and group The TCP/IP protocol stacks of net.Feature:Support IEEE 802.11b/g wireless standards, 54 Mb/s of flank speed;Support SoftAP and STA patterns;Support TCP, UDP, DNS, the multiple network agreement such as SNMP, ICMP, supports the AT of standard Command operating.
Fig. 6 and please be further regarded to, the present invention also provides a kind of intelligent socket control method based on Internet of Things, intelligence electricity Data exchange is carried out by WiFi communications between supply socket and intelligent management system;
Can be on the current intelligent power socket of real-time perception with being adapted to for RFID electronic label by RFID electronic label identifications device No to be connected to electrical equipment, when perceiving no electrical equipment access, MCU controls the control terminal of relay, disconnects power cord, No longer power to the jack on intelligent power socket;When having perceived electrical equipment access, electrical energy parameter metering module is felt in real time Know the work energy value for current electrical equipment;Then MCU passes through the electrical equipment in RFID mode reading electronic labels Rated power parameter;The work energy value that rated power parameter is perceived with electrical energy parameter metering module is compared, is analyzed;And Whether the work energy value that judgement intelligent power socket can be provided meets the rated power parameter needed for electrical equipment;
If the work energy value that intelligent power socket can be provided cannot meet rated power parameter during electrical equipment work, Intelligent power socket can inform electrical equipment in time, while also not power to jack;What if intelligent power socket can be provided Work energy value can meet rated power parameter during electrical equipment work, and intelligent power socket also can inform that electric appliance is set in time It is standby, and supply power for.
Intelligent socket and its control method provided by the invention based on Internet of Things, have following advantage:
1)RFID electronic label identifications device and RFID electronic label be adapted to can on the current intelligent power socket of real-time perception whether Electrical equipment is connected to, when perceiving no electrical equipment access, MCU controls the control terminal of relay, disconnects power cord, no Power again to the jack on intelligent power socket;The improvement of this mode, it is ensured that the voltage on jack is zero, so that effectively Ground avoids electric shock or the generation by burning accident;
2)When having perceived electrical equipment access, electrical energy parameter metering module real-time perception goes out the work energy of current electrical equipment Be worth and with rated power parameter comparison, analysis;And judge whether the work energy value that intelligent power socket can be provided meets electricity Rated power parameter needed for device equipment;If it exceeds then powering off, if do not looked into, power, this mode can utilize electric energy Parameter real time automatic detection, power themselves down, further effectively avoid the generation of electrical fire accident;
3)Data exchange is carried out by WiFi communications between intelligent power socket and intelligent management system, can be real-time Whether inquire about in intelligent power equipment has electrical equipment to access, is remote controlled electric to the power supply of some electrical equipment or long-range reading Can parameter;Therefore the management and control to intelligent power socket can remotely be realized;
4)Summarize:Intelligent socket based on Internet of Things can not only monitor and show the electrical equipment work accessed on socket in real time When voltage, electric current, the electrical energy parameter such as power, and if electrical energy parameter exceeds the rated power parameter that socket can be provided When, socket can be automatically to electrical equipment power-off and early warning, to prevent electrical fire.Meanwhile if electricity is not accessed on socket Device equipment, socket port are constantly in off-position, so as to effectively avoid electric shock or the generation by burning accident;In addition, user can Pass through the switch of WiFi remote control intelligent sockets.Intelligent socket based on Internet of Things can extensive utilization average family, office The various fields such as room, factory.Therefore, Internet of Things intelligent socket, there is extensive market application foreground and social demand.
Disclosed above is only several specific embodiments of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited to this, any ability What the technical staff in domain can think change should all fall into protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of intelligent socket based on Internet of Things, it is characterised in that described including intelligent power socket and intelligent management system Data exchange is carried out by WiFi communications between intelligent power socket and intelligent management system;
The intelligent power socket is built-in with RFID electronic label identifications device, MCU and electrical energy parameter metering module, electrical equipment Attaching plug be embedded in a RFID electronics mark for being used to record rated power parameter required during the work of current electrical equipment Label;Connected between the RFID electronic label identifications device and RFID electronic label by RFID modes, the RFID electronics mark Label are interconnected by RFID electronic label identifications device and MCU, and the output terminal of the electrical energy parameter metering module and MCU's is defeated Enter end connection, and the control terminal of the output terminal of the MCU and relay connects;
Can be on the current intelligent power socket of real-time perception with being adapted to for RFID electronic label by RFID electronic label identifications device No to be connected to electrical equipment, when perceiving no electrical equipment access, MCU controls the control terminal of relay, disconnects power cord, No longer power to the jack on intelligent power socket;When having perceived electrical equipment access, electrical energy parameter metering module is felt in real time Know the work energy value for current electrical equipment;Then MCU passes through the electrical equipment in RFID mode reading electronic labels Rated power parameter;The work energy value that rated power parameter is perceived with electrical energy parameter metering module is compared, is analyzed;And Whether the work energy value that judgement intelligent power socket can be provided meets the rated power parameter needed for electrical equipment;
If rated power parameter during current electrical equipment work exceeds the work energy value that intelligent power socket can be provided, Intelligent power socket can inform electrical equipment in time, while also not power to jack;It is if specified needed for current electrical equipment Electrical energy parameter also can inform that electric appliance is set in time without departing from the work energy value that intelligent power socket can be provided, intelligent power socket It is standby, and supply power for.
2. the intelligent socket according to claim 1 based on Internet of Things, it is characterised in that the intelligent power socket is also interior WiFi wireless communication modules are equipped with, the intelligent management system is embedded on intelligent terminal, passes through antenna and WiFi channel radios Believe that the adaptation of module realizes that intelligent management system is connected with intelligent power socket communication interaction;The intelligent management system with WiFi communications are managed intelligent power socket, control:
Whether electrical equipment is connected on intelligent management system real-time query intelligent power socket;If being connected to electrical equipment, can stand Read the efforts energy value of current electrical equipment;
It is remote controlled whether to power to some electrical equipment:Such as send instructions " 1 " power to it, such as send instructions " 0 " it is disconnected to it Electricity.
3. the intelligent socket according to claim 1 based on Internet of Things, it is characterised in that the intelligent power socket is also set LCD display, the output terminal connection of the LCD display and MCU are equipped with, and passes through the current electric appliance of LCD display real-time display Work energy value when equipment works;Date and time information unit, temporal information unit, voltage letter are provided with the LCD display Interest statement member, current information unit, power information unit and energy information unit;The intelligent power socket, which is additionally provided with, multiple is The USB interfaces of portable electric appts charging.
4. the intelligent socket according to claim 3 based on Internet of Things, it is characterised in that the intelligent power socket is also interior It is equipped with voltage transformer, current transformer and power failure protection module, the voltage transformer, current transformer and power-off protection mould One end of block is connected to 220V alternating currents, and the other end of the voltage transformer and current transformer is connected to electrical energy parameter The input terminal of metering module, the output terminal of the MCU are additionally coupled to power failure protection module;The voltage transformer and Current Mutual Inductance The voltage and current signal sensed is sent to electrical energy parameter metering module by device.
5. the intelligent socket according to claim 4 based on Internet of Things, it is characterised in that the intelligent power socket is also interior Real-time clock module is equipped with, and the input terminal of the real-time clock module and MCU connect.
6. the intelligent socket according to claim 1 based on Internet of Things, it is characterised in that the model of the MCU MSP430F149。
7. the intelligent socket according to claim 1 based on Internet of Things, it is characterised in that the electrical energy parameter metering module Model ATT7053, and 4.5~5.5 V of its operating voltage;Between the DVDD pins and RST pins of the ATT7053 chips First resistor is connected with, one end of first resistor is also parallel with second resistance, 3rd resistor and the first capacitance, the first capacitance successively Ground connection, second resistance are also connected with Test pins, and 3rd resistor is also connected with AVCC pins, and between AVCC pins and 3rd resistor also It is parallel with the second capacitance;RST pins and the common port of first resistor pass through parallel connection by the 3rd capacity earth, VDD1P8 pins The 3rd capacitance is connected after 4th capacitance and the 5th capacitance;The 4th resistance and the 5th of the V3P pins connection parallel connection of ATT7053 chips Resistance, and be grounded after forming closed loop between the 5th resistance and the 6th capacitance;The V3N pins connection of ATT7053 chips is in parallel The 6th resistance and the 7th resistance, and between the 7th resistance and the 8th capacitance formed closed loop after be grounded;V1P and V1N is outstanding It is empty;V2P is connected with the 8th resistance and the 9th capacitance, and one end of the 8th resistance is connected with the 9th resistance being sequentially connected in series, The common port of both ten resistance and the 11st resistance, the 9th resistance and the tenth resistance is grounded again after connecting the 9th capacitance, institute One end connection V2N pins of the 11st resistance are stated, and one end of the 11st resistance also passes through the tenth capacity earth, the tenth electricity Hold and be parallel with the 11st capacitance and the 12nd capacitance between Vref;GND pin is grounded, and is connected between OSCO pins and OSC1 pins Crystal oscillator is connected to, one end of the crystal oscillator connects the 13rd capacitance, and the other end of the crystal oscillator is connected with and connects with the 13rd capacitance The 14th capacitance connect;SPI-CLK pins, SPI-DO pins, SPI-DI pins, SPI-CS pins and IRQ pins are all connected with letter Cease passage;PF pins and QF pins are hanging;UART pins connect power supply, AGND pins ground connection.
8. the intelligent socket according to claim 1 based on Internet of Things, it is characterised in that the RFID electronic tags are known Other device uses TRF7960A chips, which includes a collection for being used for ISO15693, ISO14443A/B and FeliCa Molding simulation front end and the data framing engine built in one;For with synchronous task ISO14443 on all framings and plate, The data rate of support is up to 848 Kb/s.
9. the intelligent socket according to claim 2 based on Internet of Things, it is characterised in that the WiFi radio communication molds Block is the embedded WiFi modules of super low-power consumption of model WiFi801D, the nRST pins and GND pin of WiFi801D chips Between be connected with the 15th capacitance, one end of the 15th capacitance passes through the 12nd resistance and connects power supply, the 15th electricity One end of appearance also connects the 13rd resistance by relay switch, and the other end of the 15th capacitance also connects the 13rd electricity Resistance;TXD pins connect the 14th resistance, and RXD pins connect the 15th resistance, and the 14th resistance and the 15th resistance are also Connect the 16th capacitance and the 17th capacitance in parallel.
10. a kind of intelligent socket control method based on Internet of Things, it is characterised in that the intelligent power socket and intelligent management Data exchange is carried out by WiFi communications between system;
Can be on the current intelligent power socket of real-time perception with being adapted to for RFID electronic label by RFID electronic label identifications device No to be connected to electrical equipment, when perceiving no electrical equipment access, MCU controls the control terminal of relay, disconnects power cord, No longer power to the jack on intelligent power socket;When having perceived electrical equipment access, electrical energy parameter metering module is felt in real time Know the work energy value for current electrical equipment;Then MCU passes through the electrical equipment in RFID mode reading electronic labels Rated power parameter;The work energy value that rated power parameter is perceived with electrical energy parameter metering module is compared, is analyzed;And Whether the work energy value that judgement intelligent power socket can be provided meets the rated power parameter needed for electrical equipment;
If the work energy value that intelligent power socket can be provided cannot meet rated power parameter during electrical equipment work, Intelligent power socket can inform electrical equipment in time, while also not power to jack;What if intelligent power socket can be provided Work energy value can meet rated power parameter during electrical equipment work, and intelligent power socket also can inform that electric appliance is set in time It is standby, and supply power for.
CN201610951391.4A 2016-10-27 2016-10-27 Intelligent socket and its control method based on Internet of Things Pending CN107994406A (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108777404A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-11-09 河海大学常州校区 A kind of intelligent socket and power consuming administrative system based on NFC
CN109546477A (en) * 2018-11-01 2019-03-29 上海理工大学 Intelligent socket for house system
CN109818212A (en) * 2019-01-18 2019-05-28 广西五毛物联网科技有限公司 Intelligent socket and its charging accounting method with waterproof and electric power detection
CN110045645A (en) * 2019-04-16 2019-07-23 重庆科技学院 A kind of safety utilization of electric power automatic electrical control system

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CN201466441U (en) * 2009-06-01 2010-05-12 浙江恒达高电器有限公司 Power supply device with wireless metering function
CN204331416U (en) * 2014-04-25 2015-05-13 象标信息技术(上海)有限公司 Supply socket identifies the device of electric equipment automatically
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108777404A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-11-09 河海大学常州校区 A kind of intelligent socket and power consuming administrative system based on NFC
CN109546477A (en) * 2018-11-01 2019-03-29 上海理工大学 Intelligent socket for house system
CN109818212A (en) * 2019-01-18 2019-05-28 广西五毛物联网科技有限公司 Intelligent socket and its charging accounting method with waterproof and electric power detection
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Application publication date: 20180504