CN107746020A - A kind of tower crane - Google Patents

A kind of tower crane Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN107746020A
CN107746020A CN201711137696.2A CN201711137696A CN107746020A CN 107746020 A CN107746020 A CN 107746020A CN 201711137696 A CN201711137696 A CN 201711137696A CN 107746020 A CN107746020 A CN 107746020A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
tower
fixed
jib
counter
laser
Prior art date
Application number
CN201711137696.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄国生
Original Assignee
黄国生
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 黄国生 filed Critical 黄国生
Priority to CN201711137696.2A priority Critical patent/CN107746020A/en
Publication of CN107746020A publication Critical patent/CN107746020A/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C13/00Other constructional features or details
    • B66C13/18Control systems or devices
    • B66C13/20Control systems or devices for non-electric drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/62Constructional features or details
    • B66C23/72Counterweights or supports for balancing lifting couples
    • B66C23/74Counterweights or supports for balancing lifting couples separate from jib
    • B66C23/76Counterweights or supports for balancing lifting couples separate from jib and movable to take account of variations of load or of variations of length of jib
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/88Safety gear
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C2700/00Cranes
    • B66C2700/08Electrical assemblies or electrical control devices for cranes, winches, capstans or electrical hoists
    • B66C2700/084Protection measures

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of tower crane, including fixed tower, is arranged on the panoramic table of fixed tower upper end, is arranged on the rotation tower body of panoramic table upper end, and is arranged on the arm held with rotary column, counter-jib, OPS, tower cap;The end of arm and counter-jib is connected by drag-line with tower cap upper end;Hook and hoist engine are provided with arm;Balancing weight is provided with counter-jib;Two columns are symmetrically fixed with the ground of fixed tower both sides, hydraulic cylinder is provided with column, the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder is connected with fixed tower;Panoramic table bottom is provided with generating laser downwards, and a first laser receiver is provided with the ground of the underface of the generating laser, and the both sides of first laser receiver respectively set a second laser receiver;Control system in panoramic table, hoist engine, hydraulic cylinder, laser pickoff and OPS is electrically connected with.The tower crane can find the situation of centre-of gravity shift in time, effectively prevent from toppling over generation.

Description

A kind of tower crane
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of lifting equipment, more particularly to a kind of tower crane.
Background technology
The danger for often making tower crane presence tilt and topple over when existing tower crane progress large-sized object lifting, and tower The process for occurring that center of gravity is gradually offset before toppling over is hung in, whole process is the process of continuation.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of tower crane, can find the situation of tower crane centre-of gravity shift in time, effectively prevent Topple over.
In order to achieve the above object, this invention takes following technical scheme:
A kind of tower crane, including fixed tower, the panoramic table of fixed tower upper end is arranged on, is arranged on the rotation of panoramic table upper end Tower body, and it is arranged on the arm held with rotary column, counter-jib, OPS, tower cap;The end of arm and counter-jib passes through Drag-line is connected with tower cap upper end;Hook and hoist engine are provided with arm;Balancing weight is provided with counter-jib;Fixed tower both sides Ground on be symmetrically fixed with two columns, hydraulic cylinder is provided with column, the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder is connected with fixed tower; Panoramic table bottom is provided with generating laser downwards, and one is provided with the ground of the underface of the generating laser One laser pickoff, the both sides of first laser receiver respectively set a second laser receiver;Panoramic table, hoist engine, hydraulic pressure Control system in cylinder, laser pickoff and OPS is electrically connected with.
In described tower crane, the railcar being reciprocally moveable is provided with the counter-jib, balancing weight is fixed on railcar On.
In described tower crane, the height of the hydraulic cylinder is not less than 1/3rd of fixed tower height.
Beneficial effect:
The invention provides a kind of tower crane, and when its center of gravity shifts, first laser receiver can not receive Laser emission The signal that device is sent, occur to arrive control system so as to form caution signal, receive maintenance down after caution signal;Work as centre-of gravity shift When receiving the signal that generating laser is sent to second laser receiver, control system controls liquid according to the signal condition of reception Cylinder pressure work provides Auxiliary support, prevents tower crane from toppling over.The tower crane can find the situation of tower crane centre-of gravity shift in time, effectively anti- Only topple over.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of tower crane provided by the invention.
Embodiment
The present invention provides a kind of tower crane, to make the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and effect clearer, clear and definite, below The present invention is described in more detail for the embodiment that develops simultaneously referring to the drawings.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only used To explain the present invention, it is not intended to limit the present invention.
Referring to Fig. 1, a kind of tower crane provided by the invention, including fixed tower 1, it is arranged on returning for fixed tower upper end Turntable 2, is arranged on the rotation tower body 3 of panoramic table upper end, and is arranged on the arm 4 held with rotary column, counter-jib 5, manipulation Room 6, tower cap 7;The end of arm and counter-jib is connected by drag-line 8 with tower cap upper end;Hook 9 and elevator are provided with arm Machine 10;Balancing weight 11 is provided with counter-jib;Two columns 12 are symmetrically fixed with the ground of fixed tower both sides, on column Hydraulic cylinder 13 is provided with, the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder is connected with fixed tower;Panoramic table bottom is provided with laser hair downwards Emitter 14, a first laser receiver 15, first laser receiver are provided with the ground of the underface of the generating laser Both sides respectively set a second laser receiver 16;In panoramic table, hoist engine, hydraulic cylinder, laser pickoff and OPS Control system is electrically connected with.
When its center of gravity shifts, first laser receiver can not receive the signal that generating laser is sent, so as to Form caution signal to occur to arrive control system, receive maintenance down after caution signal;When centre-of gravity shift to second laser receiver When receiving the signal that generating laser is sent, control system controls hydraulic cylinder works to provide auxiliary according to the signal condition of reception Support, prevents tower crane from toppling over.The tower crane can find the situation of tower crane centre-of gravity shift in time, effectively prevent from toppling over.
Further, the railcar 17 being reciprocally moveable is provided with the counter-jib 5, balancing weight 11 is fixed on railcar On.When tower crane zero load, by railcar self-balanced upper rotary, the center of gravity of tower crane is set to fall in rotation tower body.
Preferably, the height of the hydraulic cylinder 13 is not less than 1/3rd of the height of fixed tower 1.
It is understood that for those of ordinary skills, can be with technique according to the invention scheme and its hair Bright design is subject to equivalent substitution or change, and all these changes or replacement should all belong to the guarantor of appended claims of the invention Protect scope.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of tower crane, it is characterised in that including fixed tower, be arranged on the panoramic table of fixed tower upper end, be arranged on revolution The rotation tower body of platform upper end, and it is arranged on the arm held with rotary column, counter-jib, OPS, tower cap;Arm and counter-jib End be connected by drag-line with tower cap upper end;Hook and hoist engine are provided with arm;Balancing weight is provided with counter-jib; Two columns are symmetrically fixed with the ground of fixed tower both sides, are provided with hydraulic cylinder on column, the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder with Fixed tower connects;Panoramic table bottom is provided with generating laser downwards, the ground of the underface of the generating laser On be provided with a first laser receiver, the both sides of first laser receiver respectively set a second laser receiver;Revolution Control system in platform, hoist engine, hydraulic cylinder, laser pickoff and OPS is electrically connected with.
2. tower crane according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the track being reciprocally moveable is provided with the counter-jib Car, balancing weight are fixed in railcar.
3. tower crane according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the height of the hydraulic cylinder is not less than fixed tower height 1/3rd.
CN201711137696.2A 2017-11-16 2017-11-16 A kind of tower crane CN107746020A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711137696.2A CN107746020A (en) 2017-11-16 2017-11-16 A kind of tower crane

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711137696.2A CN107746020A (en) 2017-11-16 2017-11-16 A kind of tower crane

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107746020A true CN107746020A (en) 2018-03-02

Family

ID=61251210

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201711137696.2A CN107746020A (en) 2017-11-16 2017-11-16 A kind of tower crane

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107746020A (en)

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0977470A (en) * 1995-09-14 1997-03-25 Hitachi Kiden Kogyo Ltd Position detecting method of cylindrical object and device thereof
CN105174085A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-12-23 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Device for calibrating perpendicularity and rectifying deviation of tower crane and construction method thereof
CN205367540U (en) * 2016-03-04 2016-07-06 唐山职业技术学院 Prevent tower crane of empting
CN106915699A (en) * 2017-04-27 2017-07-04 合肥智慧龙图腾知识产权股份有限公司 A kind of architectural engineering tower crane with lock function

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0977470A (en) * 1995-09-14 1997-03-25 Hitachi Kiden Kogyo Ltd Position detecting method of cylindrical object and device thereof
CN105174085A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-12-23 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Device for calibrating perpendicularity and rectifying deviation of tower crane and construction method thereof
CN205367540U (en) * 2016-03-04 2016-07-06 唐山职业技术学院 Prevent tower crane of empting
CN106915699A (en) * 2017-04-27 2017-07-04 合肥智慧龙图腾知识产权股份有限公司 A kind of architectural engineering tower crane with lock function

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PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20180302