CN107744684A - Sewage treating machine - Google Patents

Sewage treating machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107744684A
CN107744684A CN201710983357.XA CN201710983357A CN107744684A CN 107744684 A CN107744684 A CN 107744684A CN 201710983357 A CN201710983357 A CN 201710983357A CN 107744684 A CN107744684 A CN 107744684A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ceramic filter
collecting pipe
slurry vessel
support
sewage
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710983357.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林承场
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Kai Da Stone Machining Equipment Co Ltd Of Fujian Province
Original Assignee
Kai Da Stone Machining Equipment Co Ltd Of Fujian Province
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Kai Da Stone Machining Equipment Co Ltd Of Fujian Province filed Critical Kai Da Stone Machining Equipment Co Ltd Of Fujian Province
Priority to CN201710983357.XA priority Critical patent/CN107744684A/en
Publication of CN107744684A publication Critical patent/CN107744684A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D33/00Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation
    • B01D33/15Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation with rotary plane filtering surfaces
    • B01D33/21Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation with rotary plane filtering surfaces with hollow filtering discs transversely mounted on a hollow rotary shaft
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D33/00Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation
    • B01D33/44Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D33/00Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation
    • B01D33/44Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • B01D33/46Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes nozzles or the like acting on the cake-side of the filtering element
    • B01D33/466Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes nozzles or the like acting on the cake-side of the filtering element scrapers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D33/00Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation
    • B01D33/44Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • B01D33/48Regenerating the filter material in the filter by flushing, e.g. counter-current air-bumps
    • B01D33/50Regenerating the filter material in the filter by flushing, e.g. counter-current air-bumps with backwash arms, shoes or nozzles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D33/00Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation
    • B01D33/58Handling the filter cake in the filter for purposes other than for regenerating the filter cake remaining on the filtering element
    • B01D33/68Retarding cake deposition on the filter during the filtration period, e.g. using stirrers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of sewage treating machine, the slurry vessel of stone sewage and the PLC for controlling complete machine to run are placed including frame, for accommodating, slurry vessel is fixedly mounted among frame, the bottom land of slurry vessel is provided with blowoff valve, the top side wall of slurry vessel is provided with spout hole, and PLC is fixedly mounted on frame top;Also include agitating device, filter, vacuum barrel, vavuum pump, scraper and ultrasonic oscillator box, the stone sewage in slurry vessel is stirred by agitating device, filter is connected with vacuum barrel, vavuum pump successively, filtration treatment is carried out to the stone sewage in slurry vessel by filter, the filter cake on filter surface is wiped off by scraper, ultrasonic wave cleaning is carried out to filter by ultrasonic oscillator box.Present device good filtration effect, filtrate is as clear as crystal, and filtration cakes torrefaction performance is good, and energy consumption saves about more than 80% compared with existing other sewage disposal devices.

Description

Sewage treating machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of sewage disposal device, and more particularly to one kind can be to caused sewage in stone machining processing Carry out the sewage treating machine of filtration treatment.
Background technology
At present, in processing of stone production process, generally require to consume great lot of water resources, while substantial amounts of stone material can be produced Sewage, contain stone powder and sludge in stone sewage, after being directly discharged to river, pond or reservoir, water body can be caused sternly Heavily contaminated.In order that processing of stone production process is more environmentally-friendly, generally require to carry out filtration treatment to stone sewage, stone material is dirty Stone powder and sludge in water are separated, and recycling can be separately recovered in the filter cake of formation and filtrate, that is, protects environment again Considerable water rate and charges for disposing pollutants are saved.And sewage treating machine currently used in the market, its filter effect are not ideal enough, filtering The filtrate separated is not as clear as crystal enough, and filtration cakes torrefaction performance is also poor, is unfavorable for the recycling of filtrate and filter cake, especially The problem of easily there is equipment fluctuation of service after equipment operation uses a period of time in it, and filter effect is poor;In addition, The energy consumption of existing sewage treating machine is also larger, is unfavorable for saving filtering production cost.Thus it is necessary to develop a kind of filtering Effect well more saves the sewage treating machine of energy consumption again simultaneously.
The content of the invention
For the above-mentioned problems in the prior art, the technical problems to be solved by the invention are to provide a kind of sewage Processor, present device good filtration effect, filtrate is as clear as crystal, and filtration cakes torrefaction performance is good, with existing other sewage disposals Equipment saves about more than 80% compared to energy consumption, in addition, present device is stable, service life of equipment length, installs and safeguards Cost is relatively low.
Technical scheme is as follows:A kind of sewage treating machine, including frame, the material for accommodating placement stone sewage Stock tank and the PLC for controlling complete machine to run, slurry vessel are fixedly mounted among frame, and the bottom land of slurry vessel is provided with row Dirty valve, the top side wall of slurry vessel are provided with spout hole, and PLC is fixedly mounted on frame top;Also include agitating device, mistake Device, vacuum barrel, vavuum pump, scraper and ultrasonic oscillator box are filtered, the stone sewage in slurry vessel is stirred by agitating device Processing is mixed, filter is connected with vacuum barrel, vavuum pump successively, and the stone sewage in slurry vessel is filtered by filter Processing, is wiped off the filter cake on filter surface by scraper, and ultrasonic wave cleaning is carried out to filter by ultrasonic oscillator box;
The agitating device includes support frame, hanging axis, swinging mounting, puddle support, drive link, agitating shaft, bearing block, motor Bearing and stirring motor, the side of the frame top are fixed with motor support base, and motor support base is provided with stirring motor and stirred Axle is mixed, and the left and right ends of agitating shaft are additionally provided with bearing block, the left and right ends of the frame are respectively equipped with symmetrically arranged support Frame, the top of each support frame are connected with a swinging mounting by hanging axis, and the top of two swinging mountings leads to respectively Cross drive link to be flexibly connected with the both ends of agitating shaft, the bottom of two swinging mountings is fixedly connected with the top both ends of puddle support; Drive puddle support to carry out reciprocally swinging in slurry vessel by stirring motor, the stone sewage in slurry vessel is stirred;
The filter includes reductor, shaft coupling, left support abutment, right support abutment, rotary shaft, cylinder, ceramic filter disk, company Adapter, hollow collecting pipe and distributing valve;Rotary shaft is rotatably arranged on left support abutment and right support abutment, and cylinder is fixed at rotation On axle, the outer surface of cylinder is provided with the ceramic filter disk and some circumferentially uniform intervals point of the distribution of some uniform intervals vertically The hollow collecting pipe of cloth, and ceramic filter disk is connected by connecting tube with hollow collecting pipe;Distributing valve is located at right support abutment, distribution The right side of valve is provided with two delivery ports and a water inlet, and the right-hand member of every hollow collecting pipe is connected with the left side of distributing valve Connect, the right-hand member of rotary shaft is connected with the Left-side center of distributing valve;The left end of rotary shaft is connected by shaft coupling and speed reducer drive Connect, drive rotary shaft, cylinder, ceramic filter disk and hollow collecting pipe to synchronize operating by reductor;
The top of the vacuum barrel and the two of distributing valve delivery ports are tightly connected, and the top of vacuum barrel is also close with vavuum pump Envelope connection;Ceramic filter disk is vacuumized by vavuum pump and vacuum barrel cooperating, make the inside of ceramic filter disk with it is outer Table produces pressure differential;
It is equipped with left and right sides of each ceramic filter disk and is scraped for wipe the filter cake of ceramic filter panel surface off Knife, scraper is fixedly mounted on the opposite side of frame top, and the chute for being used for exporting filter cake is provided with the lower section of scraper.
Some spaced ultrasonic oscillator boxes are additionally provided with the slurry vessel, ultrasonic oscillator box is located at machine with scraper The same side of frame, and ultrasonic oscillator box is between adjacent ceramic filter disk.
Further, the outer surface of the cylinder is provided with the bracing ring of some uniform intervals distribution, each support vertically A ceramic filter disk is equiped with circle, each bracing ring forms by several support bases, outer surface of the support base along cylinder Circumferential uniform intervals are set;The hollow collecting pipe that the outer surface of the cylinder is distributed circumferentially arranged with some uniform intervals, every Hollow collecting pipe is located just at the gap location between two adjacent support bases;The left end of hollow collecting pipe is blind end, hollow The right-hand member of collecting pipe is connected with distributing valve, and the first connection of some uniform intervals distributions is designed with every hollow collecting pipe Mouthful;The ceramic filter disk is made up of circumferential uniform intervals arrangement of some sectorial ceramic filter plates along cylinder, fan-shaped ceramic mistake The bottom of filter plate at the top of support base with being fixedly connected;Every piece of sectorial ceramic filter plate is in hollow form, and inside is provided with hollow chamber, Several microfiltration holes are provided with the fan-shaped side of the left and right sides of sectorial ceramic filter plate, microfiltration hole is by fan-shaped ceramic mistake Filter plate outer surface is penetrated to the hollow chamber of sectorial ceramic filter plate, among the bottom of sectorial ceramic filter plate be provided with it is hollow Second connector of the corresponding setting of the first connector on collecting pipe, the second connector are close by connecting tube with the first connector Envelope connection, makes the hollow chamber of sectorial ceramic filter plate be connected with hollow collecting pipe.
Further, a ceramic filter disk, each bracing ring are equiped with each bracing ring of the barrel outer surface On adjacent two support base between gap above be provided with one piece of sectorial ceramic filter plate, the bottom of sectorial ceramic filter plate Both ends are fixedly connected with the top of two adjacent support bases respectively.
Further, the support base includes support frame and contiguous block, and the bottom of support frame is fixed with barrel outer surface to be connected Connect, contiguous block is locked installed in the top of support frame by bolt, and runs through contiguous block provided with two at the top of support base With the mounting hole of support frame.
Further, support frame as described above is integrally made up of backboard and two side plates, and backboard is rectangle structure, under side plate is in Narrow trapezium structure on width.
Further, described each ceramic filter disk is made up of 12 pieces of sectorial ceramic filter plates, the ceramic mistake of every piece of sector The filter area of a fan-shaped side on filter plate is 0.08-0.35 square metres;Set on the hollow collecting pipe of described every The number of first connector is identical with the number of bracing ring, and the position of the first connector and the position of bracing ring are set in correspondence with each other Put.
Further, the puddle support includes fan-shaped connecting plate, stirring cross bar and stirring thin plate, two pieces of fan-shaped connecting plates Top is fixedly connected with the bottom of swinging mounting respectively, and it is horizontal that three spaced stirrings are provided between two pieces of fan-shaped connecting plates Bar, the both ends for stirring cross bar are fixedly connected with fan-shaped connecting plate, and stirring cross bar is provided with some spaced stirring thin plates.
Further, the inside of the vacuum barrel is provided with dividing plate, first chamber and the second chamber will be separated into inside vacuum barrel Room, and it is provided with the square shade of a sealing in the shell of first chamber and the connecting portion of second chamber;The top of first chamber Be used for the 3rd connector that be connected with two delivery ports of distributing valve provided with two, provided with one for be connected with vavuum pump the Four connectors, the bottom of first chamber are provided with the first discharge outlet, and the end of the first discharge outlet is provided with removable cover, and the first draining Mouth and removable cover are respectively positioned in square shade, and the bottom of square shade is connected with the top of second chamber, and the bottom of second chamber is set There is the second discharge outlet.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Present device good filtration effect, filtrate is as clear as crystal, and filtration cakes torrefaction performance is good, Energy consumption saves about more than 80% compared with existing other sewage disposal devices, in addition, present device is stable, equipment makes It is relatively low with long lifespan, installation and maintenance cost.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the stereogram of present device.
Fig. 2 is the front view of present device.
Fig. 3 is the right view of present device.
Fig. 4 is the internal structure schematic diagram of the slurry vessel of present device.
Fig. 5 is the southwestern axis side view of the agitating device of present device.
Fig. 6 is the southeast axis side view of the agitating device of present device.
Fig. 7 is the side block diagram of the agitating device of present device.
Fig. 8 is the vacuum barrel of present device and the stereogram of vavuum pump.
Fig. 9 is the internal structure schematic diagram of the vacuum barrel of present device.
Figure 10 is the stereogram of the filter of present device.
Figure 11 is enlarged drawing at Figure 10 A.
Figure 12 is the front view of the filter of present device.
Figure 13 is the right view of the filter of present device.
Figure 14 is the cut-away view of the southwestern axle side of the filter of present device.
Figure 15 is the cut-away view of the southeast axle side of the filter of present device.
Figure 16 is the cut-away view of the right-hand member of the filter of present device.
Figure 17 is enlarged drawing at Figure 16 B.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the sectorial ceramic filter plate of present device.
Figure 19 is the operation principle sketch of present device.
Embodiment
Below with reference to accompanying drawing, to a preferred embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, a kind of sewage treating machine, including frame 1, the slurry vessel for accommodating placement stone sewage 11 and the PLC 12 for controlling complete machine to run, slurry vessel 11 is fixedly mounted among frame 1, the bottom land of slurry vessel 11 Provided with blowoff valve 111, the top side wall of slurry vessel 11 is provided with spout hole 112, and solid 12 Dingan County of PLC are mounted in the top of frame 1; Also include agitating device 2, filter 3, vacuum barrel 4, vavuum pump 5, scraper 6 and ultrasonic oscillator box 7, it is right by agitating device 2 Stone sewage in slurry vessel 11 is stirred, and filter 3 is connected with vacuum barrel 4, vavuum pump 5 successively, is filled by filtering The stone sewage put in 3 pairs of slurry vessels 11 carries out filtration treatment, is wiped off the filter cake on the surface of filter 3 by scraper 6, by ultrasound Ripple oscillator box 7 carries out ultrasonic wave cleaning to filter 3.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, the top of the vacuum barrel 4 and two water outlets of distributing valve 30 Mouth 301 is tightly connected, and the top of vacuum barrel 4 is also tightly connected with vavuum pump 5;By vavuum pump 5 and the cooperating of vacuum barrel 4 to pottery Porcelain filtering table 37 is vacuumized, and the inside and appearance for making ceramic filter disk 37 produce pressure differential;The inside of the vacuum barrel 4 is set There is dividing plate 43, first chamber 41 and second chamber 42 will be separated into inside vacuum barrel 4, and in first chamber 41 and second chamber 42 Connecting portion shell be provided with one sealing square shade 44;The top of first chamber 41 is provided with two and is used for and distributing valve 30 The connection of two delivery ports 301 the 3rd connector 45, be used for the 4th connector 46 that is connected with vavuum pump 5 provided with one, the The bottom of one chamber 41 is provided with the first discharge outlet 47, and the end of the first discharge outlet 47 is provided with removable cover 48, and the first discharge outlet 47 and removable cover 48 be respectively positioned in square shade 44, the bottom of square shade 44 connects with the top of second chamber 42, second chamber 42 bottom is provided with the second discharge outlet 49.The left and right sides of each ceramic filter disk 37, which is equipped with, to be used for ceramic filter disk The scraper 6 that the filter cake on 37 surfaces is wiped off, scraper 6 are fixedly mounted on the opposite side at the top of frame 1, and are provided with the lower section of scraper 6 For exporting the chute 13 of filter cake, the two sides of each ceramic filter disk 37 are between two scrapers 6, and ceramic filter disk 37 The spacing of the edge of a knife of side surface and scraper 6 be 1-5mm.Some spaced ultrasonic waves are additionally provided with the slurry vessel 11 Oscillator box 7, ultrasonic oscillator box 7 is located at the same side of frame 1 with scraper 6, and ultrasonic oscillator box 7 is located at adjacent ceramic mistake Between filter disc 37.
As shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 and Fig. 5 to Fig. 7, the agitating device 2 includes support frame 21, hanging axis 22, swinging mounting 23rd, puddle support 24, drive link 25, agitating shaft 26, bearing block 27, motor support base 28 and stirring motor 29, the top of frame 1 Side is fixed with motor support base 28, and motor support base 28 is provided with stirring motor 29 and agitating shaft 26, and the left and right of agitating shaft 26 Both ends are additionally provided with bearing block 27, and the bottom of bearing block 27 is fixedly connected with the top of frame 1;The left and right ends point at the top of frame 1 Not She You symmetrically arranged support frame 21, the top of each support frame 21 is connected with a swinging mounting by hanging axis 22 23, the top of two swinging mountings 23 is flexibly connected by drive link 25 with the both ends of agitating shaft 26 respectively, two swinging mountings 23 bottom is fixedly connected with the top both ends of puddle support 24;The puddle support 24 includes fan-shaped connecting plate 241, stirring cross bar 242 and stirring thin plate 243, the bottom of the tops of two pieces of fan-shaped connecting plates 241 respectively with swinging mounting 23 be fixedly connected, two pieces of fans Three spaced stirring cross bars 242 are provided between shape connecting plate 241, stir the both ends of cross bar 242 and fan-shaped connecting plate 241 It is fixedly connected, stirring cross bar 242 is provided with some spaced stirring thin plates 243;Puddle support 24 is driven by stirring motor 29 Reciprocally swinging is carried out in slurry vessel 11, the stone sewage in slurry vessel 11 is stirred.
As shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 and Figure 10 to Figure 18, the filter 3 includes reductor 31, shaft coupling 32, left branch Seat 33, right support abutment 34, rotary shaft 35, cylinder 36, ceramic filter disk 37, connecting tube 38, hollow collecting pipe 39 and distributing valve 30;Turn Moving axis 35 is rotatably arranged on left support abutment 33 and right support abutment 34, and cylinder 36 is fixed in rotary shaft 35, outside cylinder 36 Surface is provided with the ceramic filter disk 37 of some uniform intervals vertically distribution and the hollow receipts of some circumferentially uniform intervals distribution Collector 39, and ceramic filter disk 37 is connected by connecting tube 38 with hollow collecting pipe 39, hollow collecting pipe 39 is preferably vacuum Pipe, connecting tube 38 are preferably vacuum hose;Distributing valve 30 is installed in right support abutment 34, and the right side of distributing valve 30 is provided with two delivery ports 301 and a water inlet 302, the left side of the right-hand member of every hollow collecting pipe 39 with distributing valve 30 is connected, rotary shaft 35 Right-hand member is connected with the Left-side center of distributing valve 30;The left end of rotary shaft 35 is connected by shaft coupling 32 and reductor 31, Rotary shaft 35, cylinder 36, ceramic filter disk 37 and hollow collecting pipe 39 is driven to synchronize operating by reductor 31.
As shown in Figure 14 to Figure 17, the outer surface of cylinder 36 is provided with the bracing ring 61 of some uniform intervals distribution vertically, A ceramic filter disk 37 is equiped with each bracing ring 61, each bracing ring 61 forms by several support bases 611, support Outer surface circumference uniform intervals of the seat 611 along cylinder are set;The support base 611 includes support frame 601 and contiguous block 602, branch Support 601 is integrally made up of backboard 604 and two side plates 605, and backboard 604 is rectangle structure, and side plate 605 is in low wide and up narrow Trapezium structure, the bottom of support frame 601 are fixedly connected with the outer surface of cylinder 6, and contiguous block 602 is locked installation by bolt Two are provided with through contiguous block 602 and the mounting hole of support frame 601 at the top of support frame 601, and at the top of support base 611 603。
As shown in Figure 14 to Figure 17, hollow collecting pipe that the outer surface of cylinder 36 is distributed circumferentially arranged with some uniform intervals 39, every hollow collecting pipe 39 is located just at the gap location between two adjacent support bases 611;The left end of hollow collecting pipe 39 For blind end, the right-hand member of hollow collecting pipe 39 is connected with distributing valve 30, is designed with every hollow collecting pipe 39 some uniform The first connector 91 being spaced apart, the number of the first connector 91 is identical with the number of bracing ring 61, and the first connector 91 Position and the position of bracing ring 61 set in correspondence with each other.
As shown in Figure 10 to Figure 18, each ceramic filter disk 37 is by circumference of 12 pieces of sectorial ceramic filter plates 71 along cylinder 36 Uniform intervals arrangement is formed, and one piece of fan is provided with above the gap between adjacent two support base 611 on each bracing ring 61 Shape ceramic filter plate 71, the top of the bottom both ends of every piece of sectorial ceramic filter plate 71 respectively with two adjacent support bases 61 are consolidated Fixed connection;Every piece of sectorial ceramic filter plate 71 is in hollow form, and inside is provided with hollow chamber 73, and the hollow chamber 73, which is used to accommodate, to be passed through Filtrate after the filtering of sectorial ceramic filter plate 71;It has been covered with the fan-shaped side of the left and right sides of sectorial ceramic filter plate 71 and has been permitted The microfiltration hole (accompanying drawing is not shown) in multiple micron order apertures, microfiltration hole are penetrated to fan by the outer surface of sectorial ceramic filter plate 71 The hollow chamber 73 of shape ceramic filter plate 71, the filter area of a fan-shaped side on every piece of sectorial ceramic filter plate 71 are 0.08-0.35 square metres;It is provided with and the first connector 91 on hollow collecting pipe 9 among the bottom of sectorial ceramic filter plate 71 Second connector 72 of corresponding setting, the second connector 72 are tightly connected with the first connector 91 by connecting tube 8, make sector The hollow chamber 73 of ceramic filter plate 71 is connected with hollow collecting pipe 39 so that the filtrate in hollow chamber 73 flows into hollow receipts Collector 39, and then filtrate is exported from two delivery ports 301 of distributing valve 30.
It with acidproof ceramic particle or quartz, emergy etc. is primary raw material that sectorial ceramic filter plate 71, which is, addition is a small amount of The raw material such as inorganic binder and zirconium oxide reinforcing agent, is process through processes such as biscuiting, crushing, classification, shaping, films, fan-shaped The machining manufacture of ceramic filter plate 71 is prior art, is not described in detail herein.Sectorial ceramic filter plate 71 had Filter opening footpath uniformity is good, good filtration effect, high mechanical strength, acidproof, alkaline-resisting, high temperature resistant, anti-clogging and the features such as easily backwash.
As shown in figure 19, the operation principle of the filter 3 of present device is as follows:The ceramic filter disk of filter 3 37 bottom is immersed in the stone sewage of slurry vessel 11, and two delivery ports 301 of distributing valve 30 pass through vacuum barrel 4 and vavuum pump 5 Connection, the water inlet 302 of distributing valve 30 are connected with Backwash pipeline 14;During work, ceramic filter disk 37 is driven by reductor 31 Slowly being rotated, ceramic filter disk 37 is used as filter medium, and the microfiltration hole set thereon can produce strong capillarity, In the presence of vavuum pump 5, the inside and outside generation pressure differential of ceramic filter disk 37, only moisture content can be entered by microfiltration hole Entering to the hollow chamber 73 inside ceramic filter disk 37 turns into filtrate, and then filtrate is flowed from two delivery ports 301 of distributing valve 30 Go out to enter vacuum barrel 4, discharged from the bottom of vacuum barrel 4, and solid and gas then can not be by microfiltration holes so that stone material ore deposit Material grainses are blocked absorption and form filter cake on the surface of ceramic filter disk 37, so as to realize the filtration treatment to stone sewage. In addition, after ceramic filter disk 37 often inhales a filter cake, filter cake is scraped with scraper 6, while will be backwashed by Backwash pipeline 14 Water is sent to the hollow chamber 73 inside sectorial ceramic filter plate 71 by the water inlet 302 of distributing valve 30, from inside to outside cleaning fan The microfiltration hole of shape ceramic filter plate 71, effectively prevent the microfiltration hole of sectorial ceramic filter plate 71 from producing blocking, it is ensured that micro- mistake Filter opening is unobstructed, greatly prolongs the service life of sectorial ceramic filter plate 71.
As shown in figure 19, sewage treating machine of the invention is for filter medium with the ceramic filter disk 37 with microfiltration hole The filtration treatment of separation of solid and liquid is carried out to stone sewage, during work, starts sewage treating machine, by agitating device 2 to slurry vessel 11 Interior stone sewage is stirred, the hollow chamber 73 by vavuum pump 5 and the cooperating of vacuum barrel 4 to ceramic filter disk 37 Vacuumize process is carried out, the hollow chamber 73 and surface for making ceramic filter disk 37 produce pressure differential, and ceramics are driven by reductor 31 Filtering table 37 is slowly rotated, and filtration treatment is carried out to the stone sewage in slurry vessel 11;Ceramic filter disk 37 is in filtration treatment mistake It is divided into four working regions in journey, is respectively:Pulp absorbing area C1, dry section C2, discharge zone C3, backwash area C4, ceramic filter disk 37 include following four step in four working region iterative cycles, ceramic filter disk 37 in filter process:
(1) midge step:In stone sewage of the lower submerged of ceramic filter disk 37 in slurry vessel 11, ceramic filter disk 37 bottom is in pulp absorbing area C1, and when work starts, the ceramic filter disk 37 being immersed in the stone sewage in slurry vessel 11 exists Under vacuum action, the hollow chamber that the moisture content in stone sewage is entered inside ceramic filter disk 37 by microfiltration hole turns into filter Liquid, then filtrate is by the hollow collecting pipe 39 entrance arrival vacuum barrel 4 of distributing valve 30, from the discharge of the bottom of vacuum barrel 4;Stone sewage In stone material mineral particle be blocked absorption ceramic filter panel surface formed filter cake;
(2) drying steps:The rotation of ceramic filter disk 37 carries filter cake and enters dry section C2 from pulp absorbing area C1, and filter cake is being made pottery Continue to dehydrate under the vacuum action of porcelain filtering table 37;
(3) discharge step:The rotation of ceramic filter disk 37 carries dried filter cake and enters discharge zone C3 from dry section C2, The filter cake on the surface of ceramic filter disk 37 is wiped off by scraper 6, the filter cake for being scraped stripping falls into the export collection of chute 13, is collected Middle processing;
(4) backwash step:Ceramic filter disk 37 rotates from discharge zone C3 and enters backwash area C4, by Backwash pipeline 14 adjust the hollow chamber 73 that backwashing water feeding distributing valve 30 is reached to ceramic filter disk 37 by pressure, clean from inside to outside The microfiltration hole of ceramic filter disk 37.
In addition, the present invention sewage treating machine after the 7-9 hour that work, while using backwash clean, cleaning agent Cleaning and ultrasonic wave clean three kinds of cleaning ways and combined cleaning are carried out to ceramic filter disk 37, and the combined cleaning time is 60-90 points Clock;Combined cleaning method is:In combined cleaning, backwash cleaning and cleaning agent cleaning are to be entered simultaneously using Backwash pipeline 14 OK, the dust technology that mass fraction is 45-50% is sent into Backwash pipeline 14 and backwash with measuring pump (accompanying drawing is not shown) Water is mixed into cleaning fluid, and cleaning fluid arrives at backwash area by distributing valve 30 and hollow collecting pipe 39, to locating in each circulation Rinsed from inside to outside in backwash area C4 ceramic filter disk 37;Ultrasonic wave cleaning is carried out in slurry vessel 11, is opened Ultrasonic oscillator box 7 in slurry vessel 11, by ultrasonic oscillator box 7 to the ceramic mistake in backwash area C4 in each circulation Filter disc 37 carries out ultrasonic wave cleaning.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Present device good filtration effect, filtrate is as clear as crystal, and filtration cakes torrefaction performance is good, Energy consumption saves about more than 80% compared with existing other sewage disposal devices, in addition, present device is stable, equipment makes It is relatively low with long lifespan, installation and maintenance cost.
These are only the preferable embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, it is all Within the spirit and principles in the present invention, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., the protection of the present invention should be included in Within the scope of.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of sewage treating machine, including frame, place for accommodating the slurry vessel of stone sewage and for controlling complete machine to run PLC, slurry vessel is fixedly mounted among frame, and the bottom land of slurry vessel is provided with blowoff valve, the top side wall of slurry vessel Provided with spout hole, PLC is fixedly mounted on frame top;It is characterized in that:Also include agitating device, filter, true Empty barrel, vavuum pump, scraper and ultrasonic oscillator box, the stone sewage in slurry vessel is stirred by agitating device, mistake Filter device is connected with vacuum barrel, vavuum pump successively, filtration treatment is carried out to the stone sewage in slurry vessel by filter, by scraping Knife wipes the filter cake on filter surface off, and ultrasonic wave cleaning is carried out to filter by ultrasonic oscillator box;
The agitating device includes support frame, hanging axis, swinging mounting, puddle support, drive link, agitating shaft, bearing block, motor support base And stirring motor, the side of the frame top are fixed with motor support base, motor support base is provided with stirring motor and agitating shaft, And the left and right ends of agitating shaft are additionally provided with bearing block, the left and right ends of the frame are respectively equipped with symmetrically arranged support frame, often The top of individual support frame is connected with a swinging mounting by hanging axis, and the top of two swinging mountings passes through transmission respectively Bar is flexibly connected with the both ends of agitating shaft, and the bottom of two swinging mountings is fixedly connected with the top both ends of puddle support;By stirring Motor driven puddle support carries out reciprocally swinging in slurry vessel, and the stone sewage in slurry vessel is stirred;
The filter includes reductor, shaft coupling, left support abutment, right support abutment, rotary shaft, cylinder, ceramic filter disk, connection Pipe, hollow collecting pipe and distributing valve;Rotary shaft is rotatably arranged on left support abutment and right support abutment, and cylinder is fixed at rotary shaft On, the outer surface of cylinder is provided with ceramic filter disk and the distribution of some circumferentially uniform intervals of the distribution of some uniform intervals vertically Hollow collecting pipe, and ceramic filter disk is connected by connecting tube with hollow collecting pipe;Distributing valve is located at right support abutment, distributing valve Right side be provided with two delivery ports and a water inlet, the right-hand member of every hollow collecting pipe with being connected on the left of distributing valve, The right-hand member of rotary shaft is connected with the Left-side center of distributing valve;The left end of rotary shaft is connected by shaft coupling with speed reducer drive, Rotary shaft, cylinder, ceramic filter disk and hollow collecting pipe is driven to synchronize operating by reductor;
The top of the vacuum barrel and the two of distributing valve delivery ports are tightly connected, and the top of vacuum barrel also connects with vacuum pump seal Connect;Ceramic filter disk is vacuumized by vavuum pump and vacuum barrel cooperating, the inside and appearance for making ceramic filter disk are produced Raw pressure differential;
The scraper for the filter cake of ceramic filter panel surface to be wiped off is equipped with left and right sides of each ceramic filter disk, is scraped Knife is fixedly mounted on the opposite side of frame top, and the chute for being used for exporting filter cake is provided with the lower section of scraper.
Some spaced ultrasonic oscillator boxes are additionally provided with the slurry vessel, ultrasonic oscillator box is located at frame with scraper The same side, and ultrasonic oscillator box is between adjacent ceramic filter disk.
2. sewage treating machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The outer surface of the cylinder is provided with some vertically The bracing ring of uniform intervals distribution, a ceramic filter disk is equiped with each bracing ring, and each bracing ring props up by several Seat composition is supportted, outer surface circumference uniform intervals of the support base along cylinder are set;The outer surface of the cylinder is circumferentially arranged with some The hollow collecting pipe of uniform intervals distribution, every hollow collecting pipe are located just at the gap location between two adjacent support bases; The left end of hollow collecting pipe is blind end, and the right-hand member of hollow collecting pipe is connected with distributing valve, is all set on every hollow collecting pipe There is the first connector of some uniform intervals distributions;The ceramic filter disk is by circumference of some sectorial ceramic filter plates along cylinder Uniform intervals arrangement composition, the bottom of sectorial ceramic filter plate at the top of support base with being fixedly connected;Every piece of fan-shaped ceramic filter Plate is in hollow form, and inside is provided with hollow chamber, and several are provided with the fan-shaped side of the left and right sides of sectorial ceramic filter plate Microfiltration hole, microfiltration hole are penetrated to the hollow chamber of sectorial ceramic filter plate, in sector by sectorial ceramic filter plate outer surface The second connector provided with setting corresponding with the first connector on hollow collecting pipe among the bottom of ceramic filter plate, second Connector is tightly connected with the first connector by connecting tube, makes the hollow chamber of sectorial ceramic filter plate and hollow collecting pipe phase Connection.
3. sewage treating machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Filled on each bracing ring of the barrel outer surface Provided with a ceramic filter disk, one piece of fan-shaped pottery is provided with above the gap between adjacent two support base on each bracing ring Porcelain filter, the bottom both ends of sectorial ceramic filter plate are fixedly connected with the top of two adjacent support bases respectively.
4. sewage treating machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The support base includes support frame and contiguous block, The bottom of support frame is fixedly connected with barrel outer surface, and contiguous block is locked installed in the top of support frame by bolt, and Two are provided with the top of support base through contiguous block and the mounting hole of support frame.
5. sewage treating machine according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Support frame as described above is by backboard and two side plate one Composition, backboard are rectangle structure, and side plate is in low wide and up narrow trapezium structure.
6. sewage treating machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Described each ceramic filter disk is by 12 pieces of sectors Ceramic filter plate forms, and the filter area of a fan-shaped side on every piece of sectorial ceramic filter plate is 0.08-0.35 square metres; The number of the first connector set on the hollow collecting pipe of described every is identical with the number of bracing ring, and the first connector Position and the position of bracing ring are set in correspondence with each other.
7. sewage treating machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The puddle support includes fan-shaped connecting plate, stirring Cross bar and stirring thin plate, the top of two pieces of fan-shaped connecting plates are fixedly connected with the bottom of swinging mounting respectively, two pieces of fan-shaped connections Three spaced stirring cross bars are provided between plate, the both ends for stirring cross bar are fixedly connected with fan-shaped connecting plate, stir cross bar It is provided with some spaced stirring thin plates.
8. sewage treating machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The inside of the vacuum barrel is provided with dividing plate, will be true First chamber and second chamber are separated into inside empty barrel, and one is provided with the shell of first chamber and the connecting portion of second chamber The square shade of individual sealing;The top of first chamber is provided with two the 3rd connections for being used to be connected with two delivery ports of distributing valve Mouthful, provided with one for the 4th connector being connected with vavuum pump, the bottom of first chamber is provided with the first discharge outlet, the first draining The end of mouth is provided with removable cover, and the first discharge outlet and removable cover are respectively positioned in square shade, the bottom of square shade and second The top connection of chamber, the bottom of second chamber is provided with the second discharge outlet.
CN201710983357.XA 2017-10-20 2017-10-20 Sewage treating machine Pending CN107744684A (en)

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CN201711461690.0A CN108126403A (en) 2017-10-20 2017-10-20 A kind of sewage treating machine

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CN113045034A (en) * 2021-03-12 2021-06-29 桂林兴百利机械制造有限责任公司 PLC system for sewage treatment and capable of being remotely and intelligently controlled and adjusted
CN113101731A (en) * 2021-04-22 2021-07-13 冯颖诗 Water filtering mechanism of ceramic vacuum filter for sewage treatment
CN113289392A (en) * 2021-05-14 2021-08-24 西南科技大学 Ultrasonic vacuum filter

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CN113045034A (en) * 2021-03-12 2021-06-29 桂林兴百利机械制造有限责任公司 PLC system for sewage treatment and capable of being remotely and intelligently controlled and adjusted
CN113101731A (en) * 2021-04-22 2021-07-13 冯颖诗 Water filtering mechanism of ceramic vacuum filter for sewage treatment
CN113289392A (en) * 2021-05-14 2021-08-24 西南科技大学 Ultrasonic vacuum filter

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