CN107741136A - A kind of efficiently camellia oleifera fruit drying device - Google Patents

A kind of efficiently camellia oleifera fruit drying device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107741136A
CN107741136A CN201711211598.9A CN201711211598A CN107741136A CN 107741136 A CN107741136 A CN 107741136A CN 201711211598 A CN201711211598 A CN 201711211598A CN 107741136 A CN107741136 A CN 107741136A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
drying
hothouse
air
camellia oleifera
oleifera fruit
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711211598.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Leiyang Jin Xin Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Leiyang Jin Xin Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Leiyang Jin Xin Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co Ltd filed Critical Leiyang Jin Xin Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201711211598.9A priority Critical patent/CN107741136A/en
Publication of CN107741136A publication Critical patent/CN107741136A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B11/00Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects with movement which is non-progressive
    • F26B11/02Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects with movement which is non-progressive in moving drums or other mainly-closed receptacles
    • F26B11/04Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects with movement which is non-progressive in moving drums or other mainly-closed receptacles rotating about a horizontal or slightly-inclined axis
    • F26B11/0463Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects with movement which is non-progressive in moving drums or other mainly-closed receptacles rotating about a horizontal or slightly-inclined axis having internal elements, e.g. which are being moved or rotated by means other than the rotating drum wall
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/001Drying-air generating units, e.g. movable, independent of drying enclosure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/06Chambers, containers, or receptacles
    • F26B25/14Chambers, containers, receptacles of simple construction
    • F26B25/16Chambers, containers, receptacles of simple construction mainly closed, e.g. drum

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of efficiently camellia oleifera fruit drying device, including hothouse, the hothouse is internally provided with drying drum, the drying drum is internally provided with some drying plates, the drying plate is slidably connected with drying drum, the drying drum is connected by rotating shaft with reducing motor, bearing is installed in the rotating shaft, the hothouse left side wall upper end is provided with PLC, the hothouse center bottom offers exhaust outlet, the PLC is electrically connected with reducing motor, the hothouse upper left is provided with air heater, described air heater one end is connected by pipeline with the first air blower, the other end is connected with the first discharge pipe, first discharge pipe is extend into inside hothouse, described first air blower one end is connected with the first blast pipe.The efficient camellia oleifera fruit drying device is reasonable in design, uniform drying, and drying efficiency is high, is effectively protected the composition of camellia oleifera fruit, is adapted to popularity to use.

Description

A kind of efficiently camellia oleifera fruit drying device
Technical field
The invention belongs to camellia oleifera fruit technical field of processing equipment, and in particular to a kind of efficiently camellia oleifera fruit drying device.
Background technology
Oil tea is important woody oil tree species, and its benevolence oil content is high, nutritious, pure in mouth feel, is had high Health value and a variety of medicinal effects, are a kind of high quality food oils, the tea seed of tea oil pension parachute, because moisture content is in 20%- 30%, if drying not in time, it will result in tea seed and go mouldy, or even germination.
The method of traditional drying camellia oleifera fruit is to dry tea seed, then fried dry, and so bothersome to take a lot of work, efficiency is very low, And temperature can not be effectively controlled, when temperature is higher than 200 degrees Celsius, amino acid and trace element in oil tea can be by very big Destruction, existing drying device will also result in heat skewness, and the degree of drying of tea seed is inconsistent, influences tea seed Quality.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of efficiently camellia oleifera fruit drying device, to solve what is proposed in above-mentioned background technology Problem.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:A kind of efficiently camellia oleifera fruit drying device, including drying Room, the hothouse are internally provided with drying drum, and the drying drum is internally provided with some drying plates, the drying plate with Drying drum is slidably connected, and the drying drum is connected by rotating shaft with reducing motor, and bearing, institute are provided with the rotating shaft State hothouse left side wall upper end and PLC is installed, the hothouse center bottom offers exhaust outlet, the PLC controls Device is electrically connected with reducing motor.
Preferably, the hothouse upper left is provided with air heater, and described air heater one end passes through pipeline It is connected with the first air blower, the other end is connected with the first discharge pipe, and first discharge pipe is extend into inside hothouse, and described One air blower one end is connected with the first blast pipe, and the hothouse upper right is provided with air refrigerator, the air cooling Device one end is connected by pipeline with the second air blower, and the other end is connected with the second discharge pipe, and second discharge pipe extend into dry Dry chamber interior, described second air blower one end are connected with the second blast pipe, and temperature sensor is additionally provided with inside the hothouse, First air blower, air heater, the second air blower, air refrigerator and temperature sensor are electrical with PLC Connection.
Preferably, multigroup dry through hole is offered on the drying plate.
Preferably, it is provided with diffuser plate between the inner of first discharge pipe and the second discharge pipe and drying drum.
Preferably, the exhaust outlet is inner is provided with homogenizing plate between drying drum.
The technique effect and advantage of the present invention:The efficient camellia oleifera fruit drying device, drying drum is driven by reducing motor Rotation so that the tea seed being placed in drying drum on drying plate can drop on adjacent drying plate repeatedly, thus can So that camellia oleifera fruit each several part uniform drying, improves drying efficiency;Can be to drying by the cooperation of air heater and air blower Hot blast is blown into cylinder to be dried, and when temperature sensor detects that temperature is too high, is coordinated by air refrigerator and air blower Cold wind can be blown into drying, reduces temperature, such hot blast replaces with cold wind, tea seed can be avoided to meet with because of high temperature To destruction.The efficient camellia oleifera fruit drying device is reasonable in design, uniform drying, and drying efficiency is high, is effectively protected tea seed Composition, it is adapted to popularity to use.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the drying plate of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the fundamental diagram of the PLC of the present invention.
In figure:1 hothouse, 2 drying drums, 3 drying plates, 3-1 dry through hole, 4 rotating shafts, 5 reducing motors, 6 bearings, 7 PLC, 8 first blast pipes, 9 first air blowers, 10 air heaters, 11 first discharge pipes, 12 air refrigerators, 13 Two discharge pipes, 14 second air blowers, 15 second blast pipes, 16 diffuser plates, 17 homogenizing plates, 18 exhaust outlets, 19 temperature sensors.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained every other under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Fig. 1-3 is referred to, Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the drying plate of the present invention; Fig. 3 is the fundamental diagram of the PLC of the present invention.A kind of efficiently camellia oleifera fruit drying device, including hothouse 1, it is described dry Dry room 1 is internally provided with drying drum 2, and the drying drum 2 is internally provided with some drying plates 3, and the drying plate 3 is with drying Roller 2 is slidably connected, and the inwall of drying drum 2 is provided with chute, and the drying plate 3 is slided by chute and drying drum 2 Connection, the drying drum 2 is connected by rotating shaft 4 with reducing motor 5, is provided with bearing 6 in the rotating shaft 4, and bearing 6 can be with The friction between rotating shaft 4 and hothouse 1 is reduced, improves its service life, the left side wall upper end of hothouse 1 is provided with PLC controls Device 7 processed, the center bottom of hothouse 1 offer exhaust outlet 18, and the PLC 7 is electrically connected with reducing motor 5, institute State the side of hothouse 1 and offer dry door.
Wherein, the upper left of hothouse 1 is provided with air heater 10, and described one end of air heater 10 passes through pipe Road is connected with the first air blower 9, and the other end is connected with the first discharge pipe 11, and first discharge pipe 11 is extend into hothouse 1 Portion, described one end of first air blower 9 are connected with the first blast pipe 8, and the upper right of hothouse 1 is provided with air refrigerator 12, described one end of air refrigerator 12 is connected by pipeline with the second air blower 14, and the other end is connected with the second discharge pipe 13, institute State the second discharge pipe 13 to extend into inside hothouse 1, described one end of second air blower 9 is connected with the second blast pipe 15, described dry Temperature sensor 19, first air blower 9, air heater 10, the second air blower 14, air are additionally provided with inside dry room 1 Refrigerator 12 and temperature sensor 19 are electrically connected with PLC 7.
Wherein, multigroup dry through hole 3-1 is offered on the drying plate 3.Tea seed and heat can be increased by drying through hole 3-1 The contact area of wind, improve drying efficiency.
Wherein, it is provided with diffuser plate 16 between the inner of the discharge pipe 13 of the first discharge pipe 11 and second and drying drum 2. The exhaust outlet 18 is inner to be provided with homogenizing plate 17 between drying drum 2.Air-flow can be so lifted to flow in the inner chamber of hothouse 1 Uniformity.
Wherein, the model S7-200 of PLC 7, it uses a kind of programmable memory, for its storage inside The user oriented instruction such as program, execution logic computing, sequential control, timing, counting and arithmetical operation, and pass through numeral or mould The various types of machineries of plan formula input/output control or production process.Its basic structure includes power supply, CPU, memory, defeated Enter output interface circuit, functional module and communication module.After PLC puts into operation, its course of work is generally divided into Three phases, i.e. input sample, user program perform and output refreshes three phases.The completion above three stage is referred to as one and swept Retouch the cycle.During whole service, the CPU of programmable logic controller (PLC) repeats above three rank with certain sweep speed Section.
Operation principle:When using the efficient camellia oleifera fruit drying device, open and dry door and extract out dry in drying drum 2 Dry plate 3, camellia oleifera fruit is placed on drying plate 3, starts reducing motor 5 by PLC 7, reducing motor 5 passes through rotating shaft 4 Drying drum 2 is driven to rotate so that adjacent do can be dropped to repeatedly by being placed on the camellia oleifera fruit in drying drum 2 on drying plate 3 It on dry plate 3, can thus cause camellia oleifera fruit each several part uniform drying, improve drying efficiency, while start by PLC 7 First air blower 9 and air heater 10, the air blower 9 of air heater 10 and first is used cooperatively can be into drying drum 2 Hot blast is blown into camellia oleifera fruit is dried, will temperature information is anti-when temperature sensor 19 detects that temperature is higher than threshold value PLC of feeding 7, PLC 7 may turn off the first air blower 9 and air heater 10, while start air refrigerator 12 and second air blower 14, the air blower 14 of air refrigerator 12 and second with the use of cold wind can be blown into drying drum 2, So as to reduce the temperature in drying drum 2, when temperature sensor 19 detects that temperature is less than threshold value, PLC 7 can close The air blower 14 of air refrigerator 12 and second, while start the air blower 9 of air heater 10 and first, hot blast is so repeated Replace with cold wind, can both play a part of dry camellia oleifera fruit, the composition of camellia oleifera fruit will not be destroyed again.
Finally it should be noted that:The preferred embodiments of the present invention are the foregoing is only, are not intended to limit the invention, Although the present invention is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, for those skilled in the art, it still may be used To be modified to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or equivalent substitution is carried out to which part technical characteristic, Within the spirit and principles of the invention, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., it should be included in the present invention's Within protection domain.

Claims (5)

  1. A kind of 1. efficiently camellia oleifera fruit drying device, including hothouse(1), it is characterised in that:The hothouse(1)It is internally provided with Drying drum(2), the drying drum(2)It is internally provided with some drying plates(3), the drying plate(3)With drying drum(2) It is slidably connected, the drying drum(2)Pass through rotating shaft(4)With reducing motor(5)It is connected, the rotating shaft(4)On axle is installed Hold(6), the hothouse(1)Left side wall upper end is provided with PLC(7), the hothouse(1)Center bottom offers row Air port(18), the PLC(7)With reducing motor(5)It is electrically connected with.
  2. A kind of 2. efficiently camellia oleifera fruit drying device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The hothouse(1)Top Left side is provided with air heater(10), the air heater(10)One end passes through pipeline and the first air blower(9)Connection, separately One end and the first discharge pipe(11)Connection, first discharge pipe(11)It extend into hothouse(1)Inside, first air blower (9)One end and the first blast pipe(8)It is connected, the hothouse(1)Upper right is provided with air refrigerator(12), the air Refrigerator(12)One end passes through pipeline and the second air blower(14)Connection, the other end and the second discharge pipe(13)Connection, described the Two discharge pipes(13)It extend into hothouse(1)Inside, second air blower(9)One end and the second blast pipe(15)It is connected, institute State hothouse(1)Inside is additionally provided with temperature sensor(19), first air blower(9), air heater(10), second drum Blower fan(14), air refrigerator(12)And temperature sensor(19)And PLC(7)It is electrically connected with.
  3. A kind of 3. efficiently camellia oleifera fruit drying device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The drying plate(3)On open Provided with multigroup dry through hole(3-1).
  4. A kind of 4. efficiently camellia oleifera fruit drying device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:First discharge pipe(11) With the second discharge pipe(13)The inner and drying drum(2)Between be provided with diffuser plate(16).
  5. A kind of 5. efficiently camellia oleifera fruit drying device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The exhaust outlet(18)It is inner With drying drum(2)Between be provided with homogenizing plate(17).
CN201711211598.9A 2017-11-28 2017-11-28 A kind of efficiently camellia oleifera fruit drying device Pending CN107741136A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711211598.9A CN107741136A (en) 2017-11-28 2017-11-28 A kind of efficiently camellia oleifera fruit drying device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711211598.9A CN107741136A (en) 2017-11-28 2017-11-28 A kind of efficiently camellia oleifera fruit drying device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107741136A true CN107741136A (en) 2018-02-27

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108800856A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-11-13 史积贵 A kind of grain-drying equipment that agricultural planting is persistently stirred with rotating cylinder
CN109247597A (en) * 2018-11-21 2019-01-22 耒阳市金鑫农业科技发展有限公司 The remaining eliminating equipment of pesticide in a kind of camellia oleifera fruit process
CN111912200A (en) * 2020-08-03 2020-11-10 马鞍山科邦生态肥有限公司 Organic bio-fertilizer production is with integrative device of stoving cooling
CN112161465A (en) * 2020-10-09 2021-01-01 衡山食为天食用油有限公司 Low temperature drying equipment of camellia oil production usefulness

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2160863Y (en) * 1993-05-20 1994-04-06 田晓亮 Drier for soft capsules
CN204255011U (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-04-08 何国忠 Novel tea drying device
CN105066607A (en) * 2015-09-14 2015-11-18 泰祥集团孵化器有限公司 Energy-saving dryer
CN106679361A (en) * 2015-11-10 2017-05-17 重庆安尚园农业科技发展有限公司 Drying device for agricultural product processing
CN107178970A (en) * 2017-05-18 2017-09-19 泰州国鑫机械制造有限公司 A kind of industrial high-speed dryer

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2160863Y (en) * 1993-05-20 1994-04-06 田晓亮 Drier for soft capsules
CN204255011U (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-04-08 何国忠 Novel tea drying device
CN105066607A (en) * 2015-09-14 2015-11-18 泰祥集团孵化器有限公司 Energy-saving dryer
CN106679361A (en) * 2015-11-10 2017-05-17 重庆安尚园农业科技发展有限公司 Drying device for agricultural product processing
CN107178970A (en) * 2017-05-18 2017-09-19 泰州国鑫机械制造有限公司 A kind of industrial high-speed dryer

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108800856A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-11-13 史积贵 A kind of grain-drying equipment that agricultural planting is persistently stirred with rotating cylinder
CN109247597A (en) * 2018-11-21 2019-01-22 耒阳市金鑫农业科技发展有限公司 The remaining eliminating equipment of pesticide in a kind of camellia oleifera fruit process
CN111912200A (en) * 2020-08-03 2020-11-10 马鞍山科邦生态肥有限公司 Organic bio-fertilizer production is with integrative device of stoving cooling
CN112161465A (en) * 2020-10-09 2021-01-01 衡山食为天食用油有限公司 Low temperature drying equipment of camellia oil production usefulness

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Application publication date: 20180227

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