CN107705559A - A kind of smart city management platform - Google Patents

A kind of smart city management platform Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107705559A
CN107705559A CN201710858629.3A CN201710858629A CN107705559A CN 107705559 A CN107705559 A CN 107705559A CN 201710858629 A CN201710858629 A CN 201710858629A CN 107705559 A CN107705559 A CN 107705559A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vehicle
data
access
address
networking
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710858629.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王小绪
王力
李秋盛
Original Assignee
南京中高知识产权股份有限公司
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Application filed by 南京中高知识产权股份有限公司 filed Critical 南京中高知识产权股份有限公司
Priority to CN201710858629.3A priority Critical patent/CN107705559A/en
Publication of CN107705559A publication Critical patent/CN107705559A/en

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/06Resources, workflows, human or project management, e.g. organising, planning, scheduling or allocating time, human or machine resources; Enterprise planning; Organisational models
    • G06Q10/063Operations research or analysis
    • G06Q10/0631Resource planning, allocation or scheduling for a business operation
    • G06Q10/06315Needs-based resource requirements planning or analysis
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q50/00Systems or methods specially adapted for specific business sectors, e.g. utilities or tourism
    • G06Q50/30Transportation; Communications
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/01Detecting movement of traffic to be counted or controlled
    • G08G1/0104Measuring and analyzing of parameters relative to traffic conditions
    • G08G1/0108Measuring and analyzing of parameters relative to traffic conditions based on the source of data
    • G08G1/0116Measuring and analyzing of parameters relative to traffic conditions based on the source of data from roadside infrastructure, e.g. beacons
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/01Detecting movement of traffic to be counted or controlled
    • G08G1/0104Measuring and analyzing of parameters relative to traffic conditions
    • G08G1/0137Measuring and analyzing of parameters relative to traffic conditions for specific applications

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of smart city management platform, including:It is distributed in stream of people's monitoring device on street, roadside access device, and the control centre being connected with each one flow monitoring equipment, each roadside access device;Stream of people's monitoring device is used for the flow of the people for detecting current street, and flow of the people data are sent to control centre;Each roadside access device is suitable to the travelling data of each access vehicle of collection current street, and travelling data is sent to control centre and collected, and the roadside access device is further adapted for the dispatch command of reception control centre;The control centre is suitable to each vehicle of access being divided into vehicle in use or private vehicle, and according to travelling data, flow of the people dispatching operation vehicle.

Description

A kind of smart city management platform

Technical field

The present invention relates to smart machine field, and in particular to a kind of smart city management platform.

Background technology

As the rapid development of Internet technology brings the IT wave in the whole world, the intelligentized requirement of human world and need Also more and more higher is sought, since IBM Corporation of the U.S. in 2008 proposes the development strategy of " the wisdom earth " first, each flourishing state of the world Family has gradually recognized that smart city is the inexorable trend of human social development, and starts to actively develop smart city energetically Build.

At present, some developed regions of China also begin to explore the construction of smart city in the foundation construction of digital city.If Coordination configuration can be carried out to people, car using smart city management platform, can effectively alleviate traffic pressure, improve commuting effect Rate.

The content of the invention

For problems of the prior art, the present invention proposes a kind of smart city management platform, to realize people and Che Rational allocation, improve traffic efficiency.

In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the invention provides a kind of smart city management platform, including:

It is distributed in stream of people's monitoring device on street, roadside access device, and is set with each one flow monitoring equipment, the access of each roadside Standby connected control centre;

Stream of people's monitoring device is used for the flow of the people for detecting current street, and flow of the people data are sent to control centre;

Each roadside access device is suitable to the travelling data of each access vehicle of collection current street, and travelling data is sent to control Center processed is collected, and the roadside access device is further adapted for the dispatch command of reception control centre;

The control centre is suitable to each vehicle of access being divided into vehicle in use or private vehicle, and according to driving number According to, flow of the people dispatching operation vehicle.

Further, the roadside access device includes:It is the first communication module for being interconnected with vehicle, mutual with control centre Second communication module of connection, the control module being electrically connected with first, second communication module;The control module receives vehicle and entered Net request data, and collect current roadside access device and connect the travelling data of each networking vehicle, and pass through the second communication module Vehicle networking request data, travelling data are uploaded to control centre to build car networking;And the control centre is suitable to root Information needed is pushed according to the request of networking vehicle.

Further, the roadside access device is suitable to receive the networking request data from vehicle, is pre-saved according to it Address section, judge the legitimacy of address, the direct networking if legal;

Otherwise, according to the available address section pre-saved, address is distributed for vehicle, vehicle is performed into net operation.

Further, after vehicle networks, the control centre is suitable to according to the information request of networking vehicle to networking vehicle Data needed for push;Monitor travelling data simultaneously;And road section information is calculated according to the travelling data.

Further, the address section that the roadside access device pre-saves include base station distribution available address section with And the address section adjacent with the available address section;

The control centre is suitable to the address configuration for being directly realized by new networking vehicle;

When judging that vehicle address is in the adjacent address section, then it is the vehicle that networked to judge the vehicle, is legal Vehicle, it can directly carry out data interaction.

Further, the roadside access device is performed to vehicle into net operation, i.e.,

After the networking for receiving vehicle is asked, according to treat the speed of networking vehicle, direct of travel, signal intensity, positioned at current Time Estimate, coverage density, current up-downgoing data traffic, the node credibility of road, calculate cluster head node weight, right to choose The higher cluster head node of weight adds;Wherein

Time Estimate positioned at present road is carried out according to the vehicle flowrate of direct of travel road, the number of signal lamp, track speed limit It is determined that;

Current uplink and downlink data traffic estimation calculates according to the solicited message of vehicle in road to be obtained;And

Node credibility is the flow and abnormal ratio correctly transmitted.

Further, the higher cluster head node of the selection weight adds, i.e.,

The control module is suitable to calculate respective load, signal intensity, ambient noise and dependability parameter, exception The accuracy that vehicle judges obtains respective weights and broadcasted, first cluster head in section according to where determining the weights;

According to the load of each roadside access device, signal intensity, ambient noise and with the distance of the first cluster head, exception Accuracy, the connectivity parameters of vehicle judgement carry out selecting the second cluster head;Wherein

Connectivity parameters are the data transmission success between the first cluster head;

The success rate that dependability parameter is sent using downlink data thereon represents;

First cluster head, the second cluster head work simultaneously, and active and standby each other, realize that request is handled, when one of cluster head breaks down When, another cluster head will continue the processing of request.

Further, the control module is adapted in use to SIMO model, and has reserved passageway;I.e.

, can according to the selection of the signal intensity of roadside access device, load and confidence level when emergency occurs in networking vehicle Roadside access device, the transmission of emergency data is realized using reserved passageway.

Further, the available address section preserved in the roadside access device is that control centre passes through according to road section information Broadcast message issues, wherein, road section information includes length, the vehicle flowrate size estimation of road.

Further, the abnormal vehicle refers to the vehicle for Traffic Anomaly occur.

The invention has the advantages that this smart city management platform organically combines people, car, by control The heart obtains stream of people's monitoring device, the flow of the people data and travelling data of the collection of roadside access device(Calculate vehicle flowrate data);Enter And vehicle in use scheduling is guided according to flow of the people data, improve traffic efficiency.

Brief description of the drawings

The present invention is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.

Fig. 1 is the composition schematic diagram of the smart city management platform of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the implementation procedure flow chart of the car networking system of the present invention.

Embodiment

In conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the present invention is further explained in detail.These accompanying drawings are simplified schematic diagram, only with Illustration illustrates the basic structure of the present invention, therefore it only shows the composition relevant with the present invention.

Embodiment

As shown in figure 1, a kind of smart city management platform that the present embodiment provides, including:The stream of people being distributed on street Monitoring device, roadside access device, and the control centre being connected with each one flow monitoring equipment, each roadside access device;It is described Stream of people's monitoring device is used for the flow of the people for detecting current street, and flow of the people data are sent to control centre;Each roadside access Equipment is suitable to the travelling data of each access vehicle of collection current street, and travelling data is sent to control centre and collected, with And the roadside access device is further adapted for the dispatch command of reception control centre;The control centre is suitable to each vehicle of access Vehicle in use or private vehicle are divided into, and according to travelling data, flow of the people dispatching operation vehicle.

This smart city management platform organically combines people, car, by control centre obtain stream of people monitoring device, The flow of the people data and travelling data of roadside access device collection(Calculate vehicle flowrate data);And then guided according to flow of the people data Vehicle in use is dispatched.Vehicle in use can be specifically dispatched to the more area of flow of the people, to improve the transport power of this area, It can be that vehicle in use avoids vehicle flowrate congestion area, improve efficiency of operation.

The type of vehicle is obtained with according to the identification information of vehicle after vehicle is by roadside access device, that is, is runed Vehicle or private vehicle.

The vehicle in use includes but is not limited to:The vehicles such as taxi, special train.

Stream of people's monitoring device can be, but not limited to use patent document, disclosed in application number 200910020967.5 The detection method of flow of the people realizes that the stream of people's monitoring device and method involved by the present embodiment belong to existing equipment.

Vehicle, road, pedestrian and roadside equipment are integrated an organic whole by this smart city management platform, to provide Vehicle safety, traffic control, information service, linking Internet etc. are applied.It is final to improve traffic efficiency, lifting road energy Power, improve community service.Communicated, be then communicated in corresponding base station or control by roadside access device between vehicle The heart, roadside access device have provided the user relay services so that user(Networking vehicle)Information needed can timely be obtained.

In order to obtain required service, user's vehicle obtains firstly the need of being linked into network from base station or control centre Mailing address, and then the establishment of network is realized, and the setting of communication path.And existing address acquisition mode it is ageing compared with Difference, moreover, roadside access device only realizes the forwarding effect of data, cause the wasting of resources.

The roadside access device includes:The first communication module for being interconnected with vehicle, the with control centre interconnection Two communication modules, the control module being electrically connected with first, second communication module;The control module receives vehicle networking request Data, and collect the travelling data that current roadside access device connects each networking vehicle, and by the second communication module by vehicle Networking request data, travelling data are uploaded to control centre to build car networking;And the control centre is suitable to according to networking The request push information needed of vehicle.

Wherein, first, second communication module is such as, but not limited to easy to and automobile using WiFi module, 4G modules etc. Or the communication module of control centre's interconnection, the control module can use the industrial computer based on arm processor, the control Center is equivalent to server.

Key-course that the network system of the hierarchical can include being made up of control centre, it is made up of roadside access device Transport layer and the client layer that is made up of vehicle.

The control centre realizes user(As network vehicle)Request of data processing, and to user push order Information, broadcast message etc. are read, and available address section is issued for the roadside access device in transport layer according to road section information, its In, the road section information can include but is not limited to the length of road, current vehicle data on flows, vehicle flowrate size estimation(Can basis Historical data statistics obtains), so that the address section of configuration can ensure the access of vehicle;Transport layer realizes number of users According to the forwarding of request and subscription information, broadcast message etc., while the networking request of user is handled, distributed according to control centre Available address section is user configuration address.

In transport layer, as shown in Figure 2:Roadside access device receives the networking request from user's vehicle, pre- according to its The address section first set, judge the legitimacy of address, be directly accessed if legal, otherwise, according to the address pre-set Section, address is distributed for vehicle, is performed networking step to vehicle, is finally performed data interaction.

The roadside access device pre-save the available address section that control centre issues and with the available address The adjacent address section in section, the roadside access device can be directly realized by the address configuration of new networking vehicle;When judging vehicle When address is in the adjacent address section, then it is the vehicle that networked to judge the vehicle, can directly carry out data interaction;By This, the roadside access device can realize the configuration of station address, additionally it is possible to by the judgement to address, determine that user is original Whether address can use, if available be directly accessed, the address configuration process of network be thereby reduced, when reducing the networking of user Between, improve Consumer's Experience.If present road vehicle flowrate is larger, during no available address, then user-network access request is being received Afterwards, the request is forwarded to control centre, in order to realize the configuration of address.

After vehicle networks, pushed from control centre according to the request of user to user by roadside access device needed for believe Breath;The travelling data of vehicle is monitored simultaneously, wherein, travelling data includes cross-line, brought to a halt, vehicle-state, according to the driving Data calculate road section information.

Wherein, the roadside access device is performed to vehicle and included into net operation:After the networking for receiving vehicle is asked, According to the speed of vehicle, direct of travel, signal intensity, the time Estimate positioned at present road, coverage density, when front upper and lower Row data traffic, node credibility, cluster head node weight is calculated, select the higher cluster head node of weight to add, due to transmitting In layer, each section has two cluster heads, therefore, user's vehicle in networking, it is necessary to select suitable cluster head, and the speed of vehicle The current up-downgoing data flow of degree, travel direction, signal intensity, the time Estimate positioned at present road, coverage density, node Amount, node credibility can ensure that the cluster head of selection provides the user reliable service, ensure the stability of data transfer.

Wherein, the time Estimate positioned at present road is according to the vehicle flowrate of direct of travel road, the number of signal lamp, track Speed limit is determined;The vehicle flowrate in track is divided into less, normal, crowded three states, and counted according to actual conditions Vehicle maximal rate under three kinds of states;Then the time is determined according to the number of signal lamp, link length and above-mentioned the max speed Estimation;Current uplink and downlink data traffic estimation calculates according to the solicited message of vehicle in road to be obtained;Node credibility is correct The flow of transmission and the ratio of abnormal flow.

In order to ensure the stability of transport layer data transmission, in cluster head node selection course, set according to the access of each roadside The accuracy that standby load, signal intensity, ambient noise and dependability parameter, abnormal vehicle judge, selects the first cluster It is first;Then according to the load of each roadside access device, signal intensity, ambient noise and with the distance of the first cluster head, different Accuracy, the connectivity parameters that normal vehicle judges carry out selecting the second cluster head;Connectivity parameters are the data between the first cluster head Transmission success rate;The success rate that wherein dependability parameter is sent using downlink data thereon represents;First cluster head, the second cluster head are same When work, it is and active and standby each other, realize that request is handled, when one of cluster head breaks down, another cluster head will continue please The processing asked;Different cluster-leader selected modes can ensure the equilibrium of cluster head distribution, to provide the user more stable service;Its Middle abnormal vehicle refers to the vehicle for Traffic Anomaly occur.The setting of active and standby cluster head can be handled effectively request, and When abnormal, without reselecting cluster head, ensure the stability of communication.

The roadside access device uses SIMO model, and has reserved passageway, when receiving emergency data, according to Signal intensity, load and the confidence level of roadside access device select available roadside access device, are realized using reserved passageway The transmission of emergency data.The setting of reserved passageway causes vehicle when sending exception, traffic accident, can timely be transferred to control Center processed, in order to which control centre sets control strategy in time and broadcasts so that other users carry out road according to broadcast message Selection.

Roadside access device in smart city management platform provided by the invention has pre-saved available address section, The address configuration of new networking vehicle can be directly realized by, while preserves adjacent address section, is somebody's turn to do thus, it is possible to have Access of the vehicle of address in the adjacent network segment without carrying out network again, directly using original address, is accessed by the roadside Device request information needed;Moreover, in the present invention, multiple roadside access devices constitute data forwarding layer, and have two clusters First node works simultaneously, and active and standby each other, thus it can be prevented that the interruption of communication;Furthermore roadside access provided by the invention is set It is standby to have used SIMO model, and the transmission that reserved passageway is used for emergency data is provided with, thereby ensure that control centre can It is effective to obtain the emergence message such as road exception, traffic accident, violating the regulations, it is easy to timely processing.

It is complete by above-mentioned description, relevant staff using the above-mentioned desirable embodiment according to the present invention as enlightenment Various changes and amendments can be carried out without departing from the scope of the technological thought of the present invention' entirely.The technology of this invention Property scope is not limited to the content on specification, it is necessary to determines its technical scope according to right.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. smart city management platform, it is characterised in that including:
    It is distributed in stream of people's monitoring device on street, roadside access device, and is set with each one flow monitoring equipment, the access of each roadside Standby connected control centre;
    Stream of people's monitoring device is used for the flow of the people for detecting current street, and flow of the people data are sent to control centre;
    Each roadside access device is suitable to the travelling data of each access vehicle of collection current street, and travelling data is sent to control Center processed is collected, and the roadside access device is further adapted for the dispatch command of reception control centre;
    The control centre is suitable to each vehicle of access being divided into vehicle in use or private vehicle, and according to driving number According to, flow of the people dispatching operation vehicle.
  2. 2. smart city management platform according to claim 1, it is characterised in that
    The roadside access device includes:
    The first communication module interconnected with vehicle, the second communication module interconnected with control centre, with first, second communication The control module that module is electrically connected with;
    The control module receives vehicle networking request data, and collects the row that current roadside access device connects each networking vehicle Car data, and vehicle networking request data, travelling data are uploaded to build car connection by control centre by the second communication module Net;And
    The control centre is suitable to push information needed according to the request of networking vehicle.
  3. 3. smart city management platform according to claim 2, it is characterised in that
    The roadside access device is suitable for networking request data of the reception from vehicle, the address section pre-saved according to it, Judge the legitimacy of address, the direct networking if legal;
    Otherwise, according to the available address section pre-saved, address is distributed for vehicle, vehicle is performed into net operation.
  4. 4. smart city management platform according to claim 3, it is characterised in that
    After vehicle networks, from the control centre by roadside access device according to the information request of networking vehicle to networking car Push needed for data;Monitor travelling data simultaneously;
    And road section information is calculated according to the travelling data.
  5. 5. smart city management platform according to claim 4, it is characterised in that
    The address section that the roadside access device pre-saves includes the available address section of base station distribution and can use with this The adjacent address section of address section;
    The control centre is suitable to the address configuration for being directly realized by new networking vehicle;
    When judging that vehicle address is in the adjacent address section, then it is the vehicle that networked to judge the vehicle, is legal Vehicle, it can directly carry out data interaction.
  6. 6. smart city management platform according to claim 2, it is characterised in that
    The roadside access device is performed to vehicle into net operation, i.e.,
    After the networking for receiving vehicle is asked, according to treat the speed of networking vehicle, direct of travel, signal intensity, positioned at current Time Estimate, coverage density, current up-downgoing data traffic, the node credibility of road, calculate cluster head node weight, right to choose The higher cluster head node of weight adds;Wherein
    Time Estimate positioned at present road is carried out according to the vehicle flowrate of direct of travel road, the number of signal lamp, track speed limit It is determined that;
    Current uplink and downlink data traffic estimation calculates according to the solicited message of vehicle in road to be obtained;And
    Node credibility is the flow and abnormal ratio correctly transmitted.
  7. 7. smart city management platform according to claim 5, it is characterised in that
    The higher cluster head node of the selection weight adds, i.e.,
    The control module is suitable to calculate respective load, signal intensity, ambient noise and dependability parameter, exception The accuracy that vehicle judges obtains respective weights and broadcasted, first cluster head in section according to where determining the weights;
    According to the load of each roadside access device, signal intensity, ambient noise and with the distance of the first cluster head, exception Accuracy, the connectivity parameters of vehicle judgement carry out selecting the second cluster head;Wherein
    Connectivity parameters are the data transmission success between the first cluster head;
    The success rate that dependability parameter is sent using downlink data thereon represents;
    First cluster head, the second cluster head work simultaneously, and active and standby each other, realize that request is handled, when one of cluster head breaks down When, another cluster head will continue the processing of request.
  8. 8. according to the smart city management platform described in claim any one of 1-7, it is characterised in that
    The control module is adapted in use to SIMO model, and has reserved passageway;I.e.
    , can according to the selection of the signal intensity of roadside access device, load and confidence level when emergency occurs in networking vehicle Roadside access device, the transmission of emergency data is realized using reserved passageway.
  9. 9. smart city management platform according to claim 8, it is characterised in that
    The available address section preserved in the roadside access device is that control centre passes through under broadcast message according to road section information Hair, wherein, road section information includes length, the vehicle flowrate size estimation of road.
  10. 10. smart city management platform according to claim 9, it is characterised in that
    The abnormal vehicle refers to the vehicle for Traffic Anomaly occur.
CN201710858629.3A 2017-09-21 2017-09-21 A kind of smart city management platform CN107705559A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101482986A (en) * 2009-01-19 2009-07-15 张高军 People flow detection method
KR101058124B1 (en) * 2010-06-01 2011-08-24 이나루티앤티(주) Method for collecting of traffic report using inter-vehicle communication
CN104794883A (en) * 2014-01-22 2015-07-22 华为技术有限公司 Taxi calling method and device
CN105719476A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-06-29 深圳市佳信捷技术股份有限公司 Updating method and device for public transport system scheduling information
CN105809999A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-07-27 江苏理工学院 Roadside networking controller, networking system and operating method thereof

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101482986A (en) * 2009-01-19 2009-07-15 张高军 People flow detection method
KR101058124B1 (en) * 2010-06-01 2011-08-24 이나루티앤티(주) Method for collecting of traffic report using inter-vehicle communication
CN104794883A (en) * 2014-01-22 2015-07-22 华为技术有限公司 Taxi calling method and device
CN105719476A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-06-29 深圳市佳信捷技术股份有限公司 Updating method and device for public transport system scheduling information
CN105809999A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-07-27 江苏理工学院 Roadside networking controller, networking system and operating method thereof

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Application publication date: 20180216