CN107693265B - Patient transfer device - Google Patents

Patient transfer device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107693265B
CN107693265B CN201711135792.3A CN201711135792A CN107693265B CN 107693265 B CN107693265 B CN 107693265B CN 201711135792 A CN201711135792 A CN 201711135792A CN 107693265 B CN107693265 B CN 107693265B
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
frame
hinged
patient
rod
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CN201711135792.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107693265A (en
Inventor
万馨彤
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万馨彤
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Priority to CN201711135792.3A priority Critical patent/CN107693265B/en
Publication of CN107693265A publication Critical patent/CN107693265A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1013Lifting of patients by
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1025Lateral movement of patients, e.g. horizontal transfer
    • A61G7/103Transfer boards
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1025Lateral movement of patients, e.g. horizontal transfer
    • A61G7/1034Rollers, rails or other means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/104Devices carried or supported by
    • A61G7/1046Mobile bases, e.g. having wheels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1049Attachment, suspending or supporting means for patients
    • A61G7/1057Supported platforms, frames or sheets for patient in lying position
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1073Parts, details or accessories

Abstract

The invention discloses a patient transfer device, which is characterized by comprising a transfer plate, a first connecting frame body, a second connecting frame body and universal wheels, wherein the second connecting frame body is positioned below the first connecting frame body, a lifting device is arranged between the second connecting frame body and the first connecting frame body, the lifting device drives the first connecting frame body and the transfer plate to lift, the transfer plate comprises an inserting plate and a horizontal plate which are connected with each other, an obtuse angle is formed between the inserting plate and the horizontal plate, one side of the horizontal plate, which is connected with the inserting plate, is hinged with the first connecting frame body, a turnover device is arranged between the horizontal plate and the first connecting frame body, the inserting plate is inserted between a patient and a sickbed after being turned to the horizontal position, when the horizontal plate is turned to the horizontal position, the inserting plate is in an inclined state, and the patient slides from the inserting plate to the horizontal plate to be transferred. Medical staff carries out the in-process that shifts to the patient through this patient transfer device, and medical staff need not carry the patient, and the injury that causes the patient is little, and medical staff's low in labor strength.

Description

Patient transfer device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of medical equipment, in particular to a patient transfer device.
Background
The hospital often needs to shift the patient at the in-process of treating the patient, however, it is very headache thing to shift the patient of immobility between the operating table, the sick bed, present hospital adopts the portable light sick bed of taking the truckle to shift the severe patient of immobility usually, all need to move the patient organism through the manpower when shifting the patient at every turn, high in labor strength, the operation process is loaded down with trivial details, and need many people to cooperate just can accomplish the transfer, to the severe patient, the range of action is great when moving and lifting through contacting the patient organism, cause patient's wound to break and the internal organs is vibrate easily, probably cause the secondary injury to the patient.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, it is an object of the present invention to provide a patient transfer device that reduces the risk of injury to the patient during the transfer process and reduces the labor intensity of the medical personnel.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a patient transfer device comprises a transfer plate, a first connecting frame body, a second connecting frame body and a plurality of universal wheels arranged below the second connecting frame body, wherein the transfer plate, the first connecting frame body, the second connecting frame body and the plurality of universal wheels are sequentially arranged from top to bottom;
the first connecting frame body comprises two first long rods which are arranged in parallel and two first connecting columns which are fixedly connected with the two ends of the two first long rods respectively, the first long rods and the first connecting columns are connected end to form a frame structure in a shape like the Chinese character 'kou', the second connecting frame body comprises two second long rods which are arranged in parallel and two second connecting columns which are fixedly connected with the two ends of the two second long rods respectively, and the second long rods and the second connecting columns are connected end to form a frame structure in a shape like the Chinese character 'kou';
the transfer plate comprises an inserting plate and a lying plate, the inserting plate is used for being inserted between a patient and a sickbed, the lying plate is used for enabling the patient to lie in the transfer process, one side of the inserting plate in the width direction is connected with one side of the lying plate in the width direction to form an included angle, the included angle is an obtuse angle, two ends of the connecting position of the lying plate and the inserting plate are respectively hinged with two first connecting columns, and a turning device capable of driving the transfer plate to turn around the hinged position is arranged on the first connecting frame body;
the turnover device drives the transfer plate to turn over to the plug board to be in a horizontal state, the plug board can be inserted between a patient and a sickbed, and when the turnover device drives the transfer plate to turn over to the horizontal state, the patient can slide to the horizontal plate from the plug board under the action of gravity.
As a further improvement of the invention, the lifting device comprises two connecting shafts arranged between a first connecting frame body and a second connecting frame body, first hinge columns respectively hinged with the connecting shafts and a first long rod, second hinge columns respectively hinged with the connecting shafts and a second long rod, and a screw rod penetrating through the two connecting shafts, wherein the connecting shafts are all arranged in parallel with the first connecting columns, four first hinge columns are arranged, each first long rod is hinged with two first hinge columns, the two first hinge columns positioned on the same first long rod are respectively hinged with the two connecting shafts, the distance between the connecting shafts is larger than the distance between the hinge positions of the two first hinge columns and the first long rod, four second hinge columns are arranged, each second long rod is hinged with two second hinge columns, and the two second hinge columns positioned on the same second long rod are respectively hinged with the two connecting shafts, the distance between the connecting shafts is greater than the distance between the hinged parts of the two second hinged columns and the second long rod;
the lead screw is respectively connected with the centers of the two connecting shafts in the length direction, at least one connecting shaft is in threaded connection with the lead screw, and the lead screw rotates to drive the two connecting shafts to be close to or away from each other, so that the first connecting frame body is lifted or lowered.
As a further improvement of the invention, the screw rod is connected with the two connecting shafts through threads, two thread sections are arranged on the screw rod, the thread directions of the thread sections at the two ends are opposite, and the two connecting shafts are respectively positioned on the two thread sections.
As a further improvement of the invention, one end of the screw rod in the length direction is provided with a handle which is convenient for rotating the screw rod, the handle comprises a rotating shaft connected with the screw rod, a handle for holding by hands and a connecting rod for connecting the rotating shaft and the handle, the handle is arranged in a Z-shaped structure, and the connecting rod, the rotating shaft and the handle are arranged vertically.
As a further improvement of the invention, the handle comprises an inner core fixedly connected with the connecting rod and an outer sleeve positioned outside the inner core, and the outer sleeve and the inner core are rotatably connected.
As a further improvement of the invention, the turnover device comprises a support rod, one end of the support rod is connected with the lower surface of the horizontal plate in a sliding manner, the other end of the support rod extends out of the first connecting frame body, the support rod is hinged with the first long rod far away from one side of the inserting plate, and when the end of the support rod extending out of the first connecting frame body is pressed downwards, the other end of the support rod is lifted upwards to drive the horizontal plate to turn around the hinged position of the horizontal plate and the first connecting column.
As a further improvement of the invention, the part of the support rod extending out of the first connecting frame body is sleeved with an extension sleeve capable of increasing the length of the support rod, the extension sleeve is connected with the support rod in a sliding manner, a sliding cavity for the support rod to slide is arranged in the extension sleeve, the support rod is arranged in a T shape, two opposite sides of the opening of the sliding cavity are respectively provided with a baffle, and the protruding parts of the two ends of the support rod after the support rod slides to the position are blocked by the baffles.
As a further improvement of the invention, a stop block is arranged on the first long rod hinged with the support rod, the stop block is positioned below the support rod, the part of the support rod extending out of the first connecting frame body can be abutted against the stop block in the process of overturning downwards, and the inserting plate is in a horizontal state when the support rod is abutted against the stop block.
As a further improvement of the invention, the inserting plate and the lying plate are hinged with each other, connecting plates are arranged at two ends of the inserting plate in the length direction, one ends of the connecting plates are hinged with the inserting plate, the other ends of the connecting plates are connected with the lying plate in a sliding manner, sliding grooves are arranged at two ends of the lying plate in the length direction, the length direction of each sliding groove is the same as the width direction of the lying plate, a sliding block capable of sliding in each sliding groove is arranged at one end of the connecting plate connected with the lying plate, in the process that the inserting plate is turned outwards from the upper side of the lying plate, the sliding block slides towards one side of each sliding groove until the sliding block is abutted against one end of each sliding groove in the length direction, and an obtuse angle is formed between the upper surface.
As a further development of the invention, the thickness of the insert plate decreases from its side connected to the bed plate to the side inserted between the patient and the patient bed.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: through picture peg, the board that crouches, first connection framework, second connection framework, elevating gear and turning device's setting, medical staff carries out the in-process that shifts to the patient, and the patient only need slide between picture peg, the board that crouches and operating table or sick bed, consequently the injury that causes the patient at the transfer in-process is little, and medical staff need not carry the patient, has reduced medical staff's intensity of labour for medical staff is simpler to patient's transfer.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a patient transfer device;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the lifting device;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of a transfer plate;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view taken at A in FIG. 3;
fig. 5 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the support rod and the extension sleeve.
Reference numerals: 1. a transfer plate; 11. inserting plates; 111. connecting sheets; 1111. a sliding block; 12. a horizontal plate; 121. a sliding groove; 2. a first connection frame body; 21. a first long rod; 211. a stopper; 22. a first connecting column; 3. a second connection frame body; 31. a second long rod; 32. a second connecting column; 4. a universal wheel; 5. a lifting device; 51. a connecting shaft; 52. a first hinge post; 53. a second hinge post; 54. a screw rod; 541. a threaded segment; 542. a handle; 5421. a rotating shaft; 5422. a handle; 5423. a connecting rod; 5424. an inner core; 5425. a jacket; 6. a turning device; 61. a support bar; 62. an extension sleeve; 621. a sliding cavity; 6211. and a baffle plate.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples. In which like parts are designated by like reference numerals. It should be noted that the terms "front," "back," "left," "right," "upper" and "lower" used in the following description refer to directions in the drawings, and the terms "bottom" and "top," "inner" and "outer" refer to directions toward and away from, respectively, the geometric center of a particular component.
Referring to fig. 1 to 5, the patient transfer device of the present embodiment includes a transfer plate 1, a first connecting frame 2, a second connecting frame 3, and a plurality of universal wheels 4 installed below the second connecting frame 3, which are sequentially arranged from top to bottom, wherein the second connecting frame 3 is provided with a lifting device 5 capable of driving the first connecting frame 2 to approach or leave the second connecting frame 3;
the first connecting frame body 2 comprises two first long rods 21 which are arranged in parallel and two first connecting columns 22 which are fixedly connected with two ends of the two first long rods 21 respectively, the first long rods 21 and the first connecting columns 22 are connected end to form a frame structure in a shape like a Chinese character 'kou', the second connecting frame body 3 comprises two second long rods 31 which are arranged in parallel and two second connecting columns 32 which are fixedly connected with two ends of the two second long rods 31 respectively, and the second long rods 31 and the second connecting columns 32 are connected end to form a frame structure in a shape like a Chinese character 'kou';
the transfer board 1 comprises an inserting board 11 inserted between a patient and a sickbed and a lying board 12 for the patient to lie down in the transfer process, one side of the inserting board 11 in the width direction is connected with one side of the lying board 12 in the width direction to form an included angle, the included angle is an obtuse angle, two ends of the connecting part of the lying board 12 and the inserting board 11 are respectively hinged with two first connecting columns 22, and a turnover device 6 capable of driving the transfer board 1 to turn around the hinged part is arranged on the first connecting frame 2;
when turning device 6 drives transfer board 1 and overturns to picture peg 11 and become the horizontality, picture peg 11 can insert between patient and the sick bed, and when turning device 6 drove transfer board 1 and overturns to the crouching board 12 and becomes the horizontality, the patient can follow picture peg 11 and slide to the crouching board 12 down under the action of gravity.
When a patient without mobility ability on an operating table or a sickbed needs to be transferred, a medical worker can push the patient transfer device to one side of the operating table or the sickbed, the transfer plate 1 is turned by adjusting the turning device 6, so that the inserting plate 11 is in a horizontal state, the lying plate 12 is in an inclined state, then adjust the lifting device 5, the lifting device 5 drives the first connecting frame body 2 and the transfer plate 1 positioned on the first connecting frame body 2 to lift until the inserting plate 11 is adjusted to a position slightly higher than the operating table or the sickbed, the medical worker pushes the patient transfer device to the direction of the operating table or the sickbed, so that the inserting plate 11 is inserted between the patient and the operating table or the sickbed, after the patient is completely positioned on the inserting plate 11, the medical worker adjusts the turning device 6 again, so that the inserting plate 11 is gradually adjusted from the horizontal state to the inclined state, and the lying plate 12 is gradually adjusted from the inclined, in the process, the patient slides on the inserting plate 11 to the lying plate 12, the obtuse angle between the upper surface of the inserting plate 11 and the upper surface of the lying plate 12 can be 120-150 degrees, and the patient can easily slide down from the inclined inserting plate 11 and cannot be injured due to violent collision between the patient and the lying plate 12 caused by too high sliding speed; medical staff pushes a patient to a sickbed or an operating table to be transferred by pushing the patient transfer device, the lifting device 5 is adjusted by clothing staff, the height of the lying plate 12 is slightly higher than that of the sickbed or the operating table, the turnover device 6 is adjusted again, the lying plate 12 is adjusted to be in an inclined state from the horizontal state, the inserting plate 11 is adjusted to be in the horizontal state from the inclined state, in the process, the patient slides onto the inserting plate 11 from the lying plate 12, the medical staff pushes the patient to the sickbed or the operating table from the inserting plate 11, and the transfer of the patient is completed.
The length of this patient transfer device can be less than the length of sick bed, when not using this patient transfer device, adjustable elevating gear 5 for first connecting frame body 2 all descends with transfer board 1, reduces this patient transfer device's height, and under can pushing this patient transfer device into the bed of sick bed, when using, pull out it from the bed bottom again and use, be convenient for depositing of this device. Medical staff carries out the in-process that shifts to the patient through this patient transfer device, and the patient only need slide, consequently the injury that causes the patient at the transfer in-process is little, and medical staff need not carry the patient, has reduced medical staff's intensity of labour for medical staff is simpler to patient's transfer.
As a modified embodiment, the lifting device 5 includes two connecting shafts 51 disposed between the first connecting frame body 2 and the second connecting frame body 3, first hinge columns 52 respectively hinged to the connecting shafts 51 and the first long rods 21, second hinge columns 53 respectively hinged to the connecting shafts 51 and the second long rods 31, and a screw rod 54 penetrating through the two connecting shafts 51, the connecting shafts 51 are disposed in parallel with the first connecting columns 22, four first hinge columns 52 are disposed, two first hinge columns 52 are hinged to each first long rod 21, two first hinge columns 52 disposed on the same first long rod 21 are respectively hinged to the two connecting shafts 51, the distance between the two connecting shafts 51 is greater than the distance between the two first hinge columns 52 and the hinge joint of the first long rod 21, four second hinge columns 53 are disposed, two second hinge columns 53 are hinged to each second long rod 31, two second hinge columns 53 positioned on the same second long rod 31 are respectively hinged with two connecting shafts 51, and the distance between the connecting shafts 51 is greater than the distance between the two second hinge columns 53 and the hinged parts of the second long rod 31;
the screw rod 54 is respectively connected with the centers of the two connecting shafts 51 in the length direction, at least one connecting shaft 51 is in threaded connection with the screw rod 54, and the screw rod 54 rotates to drive the two connecting shafts 51 to approach or move away from each other, so that the first connecting frame body 2 is lifted or lowered.
Because at least one connecting shaft 51 is in threaded connection with the screw rod 54, when the screw rod 54 is rotated, the two connecting shafts 51 are close to or far away from each other, so that the included angle between the first hinging column 52 and the second hinging column 53 which are hinged with the same connecting shaft 51 is enlarged or smaller, the distance between the first connecting frame body 2 and the second connecting frame body 3 is enlarged or reduced, the first connecting frame body 2 and the transfer plate 1 positioned above the first connecting frame body 2 are lifted, and the lifting device 5 is simple in structure and convenient for the operation of medical staff.
As an improved specific embodiment, the screw 54 is connected with the two connecting shafts 51 through threads, and the screw 54 is provided with two threaded sections 541, the spiral directions of the threaded sections 541 at the two ends are opposite, the two connecting shafts 51 are respectively located on the two threaded sections 541, at this time, when the screw 54 is rotated, because the two connecting shafts 51 are both screwed with the screw 54, the two connecting shafts 51 are close to or away from each other at the same time, compared with the case that only one connecting shaft 51 is screwed with the screw 54, when the two connecting shafts 51 are both screwed with the screw 54, the approaching or leaving speed of the two connecting shafts 51 is accelerated, so that the lifting speed of the first connecting frame body 2 and the transfer plate 1 located above the first connecting frame body 2 is accelerated, which is beneficial to saving lifting time; when the two connecting shafts 51 are both in threaded connection with the screw rod 54, the two connecting shafts 51 are both moved along the length direction of the screw rod 54, so that the screw rod 54 cannot be moved along the length direction of the screw rod 54, and the situation that when one connecting shaft 51 is in threaded connection with the screw rod 54, only one connecting shaft 51 is moved along the length direction of the screw rod 54, the other connecting shaft 51 is only rotated relative to the screw rod 54 and is not moved along the length direction of the screw rod 54 is avoided, so that when the two connecting shafts 51 are close to or far away from each other, the screw rod 54 is moved along the length direction of the screw rod 54, and therefore when a medical worker rotates the screw rod 54, the screw rod 54 can be moved along the axial direction of the screw.
As an improved specific embodiment, one end of the screw rod 54 in the length direction is provided with a handle 542 convenient for rotating the screw rod 54, the handle 542 comprises a rotating shaft 5421 connected with the screw rod 54, a handle 5422 for holding by hand, and a connecting rod 5423 for connecting the rotating shaft 5421 and the handle 5422, the handle 542 is arranged in a Z-shaped structure, the connecting rod 5423, the rotating shaft 5421 and the handle 5422 are both vertically arranged, and through the arrangement of the handle 542, medical personnel can rotate the screw rod 54 by rotating the handle 542, the difficulty of the medical personnel in rotating the screw rod 54 is reduced, and the operation difficulty of the device is reduced.
As a specific embodiment of improvement, the handle 5422 comprises an inner core 5424 fixedly connected with the connecting rod 5423 and an outer sleeve 5425 positioned outside the inner core 5424, the outer sleeve 5425 is rotatably connected with the inner core 5424, and through the arrangement of the outer sleeve 5425, when the handle 542 is rotated by medical personnel, the outer sleeve 5425 and the hand of the medical personnel cannot rotate relatively, so that sliding friction between the handle 542 and the hand of the medical personnel when the handle 542 is rotated by the medical personnel is avoided, and the hand discomfort of the medical personnel is avoided.
As a modified specific implementation manner, the turnover device 6 includes a support rod 61 with one end slidably connected to the lower surface of the horizontal plate 12, the other end of the support rod 61 extends out of the first connecting frame 2, the support rod 61 is hinged to the first long rod 21 away from one side of the inserting plate 11, when the support rod 61 is pressed downwards to extend out of the first connecting frame 2, the other end of the support rod 61 is lifted upwards to drive the horizontal plate 12 to turn around the hinged position of the horizontal plate and the first connecting column 22.
The one end that bracing piece 61 and the board 12 lower surface that crouches are connected can articulate has the slider of "T" shape, the board 12 lower surface that crouches can be provided with the spout of "T" shape, the length direction of spout is the same with the width direction of the board 12 that crouches, the slider can slide in the spout and the slider can not break away from with the spout mutually, setting through bracing piece 61, medical staff can make the board 1 that shifts take place the upset through pushing down or lifting bracing piece 61 extends the outer one end of first connecting frame body 2, 6 easy operations of this turning device, and the processing of being convenient for.
As an improved specific implementation manner, the part of the support rod 61 extending out of the first connecting frame 2 is sleeved with an extending sleeve 62 capable of increasing the length of the support rod 61, the extending sleeve 62 is connected with the support rod 61 in a sliding manner, a sliding cavity 621 for the support rod 61 to slide is arranged in the extending sleeve 62, the support rod 61 is arranged in a T shape, two opposite sides of an opening of the sliding cavity 621 are respectively provided with a baffle 6211, and protruding parts at two ends of the support rod 61 after sliding in place are blocked by the baffles 6211.
When the medical staff turns over the transfer plate 1, the extension sleeve 62 can be pulled out to increase the length of the support rod 61 extending out of the first connecting frame body 2, at the moment, the extension sleeve 62 is pressed or lifted to turn over the transfer plate 1, so that labor is saved, and when the transfer plate 1 does not need to be turned over, the extension sleeve 62 can be pushed back towards the support rod 61, so that the occupied space of the patient transfer device is reduced.
As a modified specific embodiment, a stopper 211 is disposed on the first long rod 21 hinged to the supporting rod 61, the stopper 211 is located below the supporting rod 61, the portion of the supporting rod 61 extending out of the first connecting frame 2 can abut against the stopper 211 in the process of turning downwards, and when the supporting rod 61 abuts against the stopper 211, the board 11 is in a horizontal state.
Through the setting of dog 211 for medical staff only need push down the part that the bracing piece 61 extends outside first connecting frame body 2 to bracing piece 61 and dog 211 looks butt, can make picture peg 11 become the horizontality, need the range estimation picture peg 11 whether to become the horizontality when avoiding medical staff to overturn transfer board 1, not only judge that the rate of accuracy is low, and has increased work load and the operation degree of difficulty when medical staff overturns transfer board 1.
As an improved specific embodiment, the inserting plate 11 and the lying plate 12 are hinged to each other, connecting plates 111 are disposed at both ends of the inserting plate 11 in the length direction, one ends of the connecting plates 111 are hinged to the inserting plate 11, the other ends of the connecting plates 111 are connected to the lying plate 12 in a sliding manner, sliding grooves 121 are disposed at both ends of the lying plate 12 in the length direction, the length direction of the sliding grooves 121 is the same as the width direction of the lying plate 12, a sliding block 1111 capable of sliding in the sliding grooves 121 is disposed at one end of the connecting plates 111 connected to the lying plate 12, in the process that the inserting plate 11 is turned outwards from above the lying plate 12, the sliding block 1111 slides to one side of the sliding grooves 121 until the sliding block 1111 abuts against one end of the sliding grooves 121 in the length direction, and at this time, an obtuse angle is.
Through the articulated setting between picture peg 11 and the sleeping board 12 mutually, make this patient transfer device when not using, can rotate picture peg 11 to the sleeping board 12 top, reduce this patient transfer device's whole width, be convenient for this patient transfer device to store under the bed, through the setting of connection piece 111, sliding groove 121 and sliding block 1111, make the in-process of picture peg 11 outwards upset from sleeping board 12 top, sliding block 1111 can with sliding groove 121 length direction's one end butt, form the obtuse angle between picture peg 11 upper surface and the sleeping board 12 upper surface this moment, and picture peg 11 can't be relative sleeping board 12 outside upset again, when having avoided picture peg 11 and sleeping board 12 can arbitrary angle upset, the patient is difficult to shift between picture peg 11 and sleeping board 12, lead to the device to be difficult to shift the patient.
As an improved specific embodiment, the thickness of the inserting plate 11 decreases gradually from the side where the inserting plate 11 is connected with the lying plate 12 to the side where the inserting plate is inserted between the patient and the sickbed, i.e. the thickness of the side where the inserting plate 11 is inserted between the patient and the sickbed is small, so that the inserting plate 11 is conveniently inserted between the patient and the sickbed or the operating table, and the thickness of the side where the inserting plate 11 is connected with the lying plate 12 is large, so that the bearing capacity of the inserting plate 11 can be improved, and the problems that the inserting plate 11 is easy to damage and the service life is low due to the poor bearing capacity of the.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and the protection scope of the present invention is not limited to the above-mentioned embodiments, and all technical solutions belonging to the idea of the present invention belong to the protection scope of the present invention. It should be noted that modifications and embellishments within the scope of the invention may occur to those skilled in the art without departing from the principle of the invention, and are considered to be within the scope of the invention.

Claims (6)

1. A patient transfer device, characterized by: the device comprises a transfer plate (1), a first connecting frame body (2), a second connecting frame body (3) and a plurality of universal wheels (4) arranged below the second connecting frame body (3), wherein the transfer plate, the first connecting frame body (2), the second connecting frame body (3) and the plurality of universal wheels (4) are sequentially arranged from top to bottom, and a lifting device (5) capable of driving the first connecting frame body (2) to be close to or far away from the second connecting frame body (3) is arranged on the second connecting frame body (3);
the first connecting frame body (2) comprises two first long rods (21) which are arranged in parallel and two first connecting columns (22) which are fixedly connected with two ends of the two first long rods (21) respectively, the first long rods (21) and the first connecting columns (22) are connected end to form a frame structure in a shape like a Chinese character 'kou', the second connecting frame body (3) comprises two second long rods (31) which are arranged in parallel and two second connecting columns (32) which are fixedly connected with two ends of the two second long rods (31) respectively, and the second long rods (31) and the second connecting columns (32) are connected end to form a frame structure in a shape like a Chinese character 'kou';
the transfer plate (1) comprises an inserting plate (11) used for being inserted between a patient and a sickbed and a lying plate (12) used for enabling the patient to lie in the transfer process, one side of the width direction of the inserting plate (11) is connected with one side of the width direction of the lying plate (12) to form an included angle, the included angle is an obtuse angle, two ends of the connecting part of the lying plate (12) and the inserting plate (11) are respectively hinged with two first connecting columns (22), and a turnover device (6) capable of driving the transfer plate (1) to turn around the hinged part is arranged on the first connecting frame body (2);
when the turnover device (6) drives the transfer plate (1) to turn over to the inserting plate (11) to be in a horizontal state, the inserting plate (11) can be inserted between a patient and a sickbed, and when the turnover device (6) drives the transfer plate (1) to turn over to the lying plate (12) to be in a horizontal state, the patient can slide from the inserting plate (11) to the lying plate (12) under the action of gravity;
the turnover device (6) comprises a supporting rod (61) with one end connected with the lower surface of the horizontal plate (12) in a sliding manner, the other end of the supporting rod (61) extends out of the first connecting frame body (2), the supporting rod (61) is hinged with a first long rod (21) far away from one side of the inserting plate (11), when the supporting rod (61) is pressed downwards to extend out of one end of the first connecting frame body (2), the other end of the supporting rod (61) is lifted upwards to drive the horizontal plate (12) to turn around the hinged position of the horizontal plate and the first connecting column (22);
the inserting plate (11) is hinged with the horizontal plate (12), connecting pieces (111) are arranged at two ends of the inserting plate (11) in the length direction, one end of each connecting piece (111) is hinged with the inserting plate (11), the other end is connected with the lying plate (12) in a sliding way, both ends of the horizontal plate (12) in the length direction are provided with sliding grooves (121), the length direction of the sliding grooves (121) is the same as the width direction of the horizontal plate (12), one end of the connecting piece (111) connected with the horizontal plate (12) is provided with a sliding block (1111) capable of sliding in the sliding groove (121), in the process that the inserting plate (11) is turned outwards from the upper part of the horizontal plate (12), the sliding block (1111) slides to one side of the sliding groove (121) until the sliding block (1111) is abutted against one end of the sliding groove (121) in the length direction, and an obtuse angle is formed between the upper surface of the inserting plate (11) and the upper surface of the horizontal plate (12);
the part of the supporting rod (61) extending out of the first connecting frame body (2) is sleeved with an extending sleeve (62) capable of increasing the length of the supporting rod (61), the extending sleeve (62) is connected with the supporting rod (61) in a sliding mode, a sliding cavity (621) for the supporting rod (61) to slide is arranged in the extending sleeve (62), the supporting rod (61) is arranged in a T shape, two opposite sides of an opening of the sliding cavity (621) are provided with baffle plates (6211), and protruding parts of two ends of the supporting rod (61) after sliding to a position are blocked by the baffle plates (6211);
the thickness of the inserting plate (11) is gradually reduced from the side connected with the lying plate (12) to the side inserted between the patient and the sickbed.
2. A patient transfer device according to claim 1, wherein: the lifting device (5) comprises two connecting shafts (51) arranged between a first connecting frame body (2) and a second connecting frame body (3), first hinged columns (52) respectively hinged with the connecting shafts (51) and a first long rod (21), second hinged columns (53) respectively hinged with the connecting shafts (51) and a second long rod (31), and a screw rod (54) penetrating through the two connecting shafts (51), wherein the connecting shafts (51) are arranged in parallel with the first connecting columns (22), the first hinged columns (52) are provided with four, each first long rod (21) is hinged with two first hinged columns (52), the two first hinged columns (52) positioned on the same first long rod (21) are respectively hinged with the two connecting shafts (51), and the distance between the connecting shafts (51) is larger than the distance between the hinged positions of the two first hinged columns (52) and the first long rod (21), the number of the second hinged columns (53) is four, two second hinged columns (53) are hinged to each second long rod (31), the two second hinged columns (53) on the same second long rod (31) are hinged to two connecting shafts (51) respectively, and the distance between the connecting shafts (51) is larger than the distance between the hinged positions of the two second hinged columns (53) and the second long rods (31);
the lead screw (54) is respectively connected with the centers of the two connecting shafts (51) in the length direction, at least one connecting shaft (51) is in threaded connection with the lead screw (54), and the lead screw (54) rotates to drive the two connecting shafts (51) to mutually approach or keep away from each other, so that the first connecting frame (2) is lifted or lowered.
3. A patient transfer device according to claim 2, wherein: the screw rod (54) is connected with the two connecting shafts (51) through threads, two threaded sections (541) are arranged on the screw rod (54), the spiral directions of the two threaded sections (541) are opposite, and the two connecting shafts (51) are respectively located on the two threaded sections (541).
4. A patient transfer device according to claim 3, wherein: the handle (542) of being convenient for rotatory lead screw (54) is provided with to lead screw (54) length direction's one end, handle (542) are including pivot (5421) that link to each other with lead screw (54), handle (5422) that the confession hand held and connecting rod (5423) of connecting pivot (5421) and handle (5422), handle (542) become "Z" font structure setting, connecting rod (5423) all become perpendicular setting with pivot (5421) and handle (5422).
5. The patient transfer device according to claim 4, wherein: the handle (5422) comprises an inner core (5424) fixedly connected with the connecting rod (5423) and an outer sleeve (5425) positioned outside the inner core (5424), and the outer sleeve (5425) is rotatably connected with the inner core (5424).
6. A patient transfer device according to claim 1, wherein: be provided with dog (211) on the first stock (21) articulated mutually with bracing piece (61), dog (211) are located bracing piece (61) below, bracing piece (61) extend the outside part of first connecting frame body (2) in-process of overturning downwards can with dog (211) looks butt, and during bracing piece (61) and dog (211) looks butt, picture peg (11) become the horizontality.
CN201711135792.3A 2017-11-16 2017-11-16 Patient transfer device Active CN107693265B (en)

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CN109077915B (en) * 2018-08-20 2020-12-08 奉节县兴隆镇中心卫生院 Medical neck and back massage device
CN109925110A (en) * 2019-04-08 2019-06-25 崔丽花 A kind of mental nursing restraint device
CN110141450A (en) * 2019-05-05 2019-08-20 深圳市龙岗中心医院 A kind of percutaneous nephrolithotomy bed special
CN110200798A (en) * 2019-06-06 2019-09-06 彭州市人民医院 A kind of cardiac resuccitation formula emergency bed

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CN2270485Y (en) * 1996-02-02 1997-12-17 耿明亮 Translational safety transporting device for dangerous patient
KR20100134949A (en) * 2009-06-16 2010-12-24 제양규 Patient transfer apparatus
CN104188776B (en) * 2014-09-15 2016-12-07 汕头大学医学院第一附属医院 A kind of patient carries bed
CN205494210U (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-08-24 吴长江 Bed accessory
CN206381319U (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-08-08 四川省人民医院 One kind crosses bed apparatus
CN107126317A (en) * 2017-04-14 2017-09-05 杜洪峡 Cross bed stretcher

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