CN107691357B - Breeding method for improving survival rate of bamboo rats - Google Patents

Breeding method for improving survival rate of bamboo rats Download PDF

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CN107691357B
CN107691357B CN201711015313.4A CN201711015313A CN107691357B CN 107691357 B CN107691357 B CN 107691357B CN 201711015313 A CN201711015313 A CN 201711015313A CN 107691357 B CN107691357 B CN 107691357B
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rat
bamboo
rats
bamboo rats
circle
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CN107691357A (en
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葛洪伟
张文明
邓彦飞
侯太乾
陈玥秀
谢向萌
夏治华
刘立强
覃子榕
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Lanling Caijin Investment Co.,Ltd.
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葛洪伟
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New or modified breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates

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Abstract

The invention discloses a breeding method for improving the survival rate of bamboo rats, which comprises the following steps: constructing a breeding house; the mixing ratio of male bamboo rats and female bamboo rats in a rat circle is 1:2-3, after the female bamboo rats enter a sexual maturity stage, male bamboo rats, female bamboo rats after oestrus and female bamboo rats without oestrus which are originally positioned in the same rat circle are separated, male bamboo rats and female bamboo rats after oestrus which originally belong to the same rat circle are respectively raised through two new rat circles, the rat circles of the male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats after oestrus which originally belong to the same rat circle are abutted, the female bamboo rats without oestrus are moved to other rat circles for raising, the number of the female bamboo rats without oestrus in the other rat circles is smaller than or equal to the number of the female bamboo rats when the initial male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats in the rat circle are mixed, and the rat circle of the female bamboo rats without oestrus is abutted to the rat circle of the male bamboo rats; and (6) mating. The invention can easily clean the excrement of the bamboo rat, prevent the bamboo rat from being frightened by human beings, and improve the propagation quality and the survival rate of the bamboo rat.

Description

Breeding method for improving survival rate of bamboo rats
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of bamboo rat breeding. More specifically, the invention relates to a breeding method for improving the survival rate of bamboo rats.
Background
The bamboo rat meat contains 57.78% of crude protein, 20.54% of crude fat, 17.36% of crude ash, 0.84% of crude fiber and 0.05% of cholesterol, and is also rich in nutrient components such as phosphorus, iron, calcium, vitamin E, various high-quality amino acids, steroids and the like, wherein the content of lysine, leucine and methionine is higher than that of the cattle, sheep, fish and shrimp. The bamboo rat is a healthy meat food with low fat and cholesterol and extremely high nutritive value.
Bamboo rats grow in a dark environment, have violent temperament and habits of killing each other and killing external enemies, so that the bamboo rats are very difficult to breed and reproduce. The problems that the feces are not easy to clean, the development of the bamboo rats is easily affected by frightening, the breeding quality is low, the survival rate is low and the like exist in the breeding process of the bamboo rats.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a feeding method for improving the survival rate of bamboo rats, so that excrement of the bamboo rats is easy to clean, the bamboo rats are prevented from being frightened by human beings, and the propagation quality and the survival rate of the bamboo rats are improved.
To achieve these objects and other advantages in accordance with the present invention, there is provided a rearing method for increasing the survival rate of bamboo rats, comprising:
A. constructing a breeding house, wherein the breeding house comprises:
the breeding house body is enclosed by four walls and a roof;
the two sewage ditches are arranged on the outer side of the breeding house body at intervals along the transverse direction;
the rat circle is arranged in the breeding house body side by side along the transverse direction, the bottom of the rat circle is separated from the bottom of the breeding house by a certain distance, the bottom of the rat circle is provided with a feces leaking groove, a plurality of holes are arranged on a partition plate between the two rat circles at intervals, the size of one part of the holes is larger than that of the other part of the holes, a first sealing cover is arranged on the hole with the larger size, and the first sealing cover is detachably connected with the partition plate;
the cross section of the guide plate is in a concave shape, the guide plate is arranged below the plurality of rat rings, the middle part of the guide plate is higher, two ends of the guide plate gradually incline downwards, and two ends of the guide plate respectively penetrate through two opposite side walls on the breeding house body and respectively extend to the upper parts of the two sewage ditches;
the spray head is fixedly arranged at the bottom of a rat ring and is opposite to the middle part of the guide plate;
B. simultaneously breeding male bamboo rats and female bamboo rats in a rat circle, wherein the mixing ratio of the male bamboo rats to the female bamboo rats is 1:2-3, after the female bamboo rats enter a sexual maturity period, sending out an uncoupling signal to the male bamboo rats, separating the male bamboo rats originally positioned in the same rat circle, the female bamboo rats after oestrus from the female bamboo rats without oestrus, breeding the male bamboo rats originally belonging to the same rat circle and the female bamboo rats after oestrus respectively through two new rat circles, enabling the rat circles originally belonging to the male bamboo rats in the same rat circle and the rat circles of the female bamboo rats after oestrus to be adjacent, transferring the female bamboo rats without oestrus to other rat circles for breeding, enabling the number of the female bamboo rats without oestrus in other rat circles to be smaller than or equal to the number of the first male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats in the rat circle, and enabling the rat circle of the female bamboo rats without oestrus to be adjacent to the rat circle of the male bamboo rats;
C. opening a first sealing cover between the female bamboo rat in heat and the male bamboo rat corresponding to the female bamboo rat every night, mating the female bamboo rat in heat and the male bamboo rat, separating the male bamboo rat from the female bamboo rat in heat in the daytime, repeating the steps until the female bamboo rat in heat is pregnant, putting the pregnant female bamboo rat into a new rat circle for feeding, putting the new female bamboo rat in heat in the rat circle where the female bamboo rat in heat originally is located, enabling the number of the newly moved female bamboo rat to be not more than the number of the newly moved pregnant female bamboo rat, and repeating the step C continuously after feeding the newly moved female bamboo rat in heat for 2-3 days.
Preferably, in the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, a breeding platform is arranged in the rat circle, a feeding disc is arranged on the breeding platform, a plurality of first through holes are arranged on the roof of the breeding house body at intervals, one first through hole is opposite to one feeding disc, a first linear guide rail is arranged on the roof of the breeding house body along the transverse direction, a first sliding block is arranged on the first linear guide rail, a bracket is arranged on the first sliding block, a second linear guide rail is arranged on the bracket along the vertical direction, a second sliding block is arranged on the second linear guide rail, a second through hole is arranged on the second sliding block, a material guiding cylinder penetrates through the second through hole along the vertical direction, a hopper is arranged at the top of the material guiding cylinder, the hopper is placed on the second sliding block, the bottom of the material guiding cylinder selectively penetrates through the first through hole and is opposite to the feeding disc, the first through hole is provided with a second sealing cover, and the second sealing cover is detachably connected with the top of the breeding house body.
Preferably, in the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, the second sealing cover is hinged to the breeding house body, the size of the second sealing cover is larger than that of the first through hole, a plurality of magnets are arranged at the top of the breeding house body along the circumferential direction of the first through hole at intervals, and when the magnets attract the second sealing cover, the second sealing cover seals the first through hole.
Preferably, in the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, the feed tray is in an inverted cone shape with an open top and a hollow interior.
Preferably, in the raising method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, a rectangular frame is arranged at the top of the breeding house along the transverse direction, the frame is hollow, the bottom of the frame is open, the first sliding block, the second sliding block, the material guide cylinder and the hopper are all located in the frame, and one side wall extending along the transverse direction on the frame is hinged to the top of the frame and is not connected with two adjacent side walls of the frame.
Preferably, in the raising method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, two ends of the guide plate are respectively provided with a scraper, the scrapers are located in the concave parts of the guide plate, and the scrapers are connected with a connecting rod and form a T shape with the connecting rod.
Preferably, in the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, a plurality of third through holes are arranged on one side wall of the frame body extending along the transverse direction at intervals, and one rat circle corresponds to one third through hole.
Preferably, in the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, a plurality of fourth through holes are formed in the top of the breeding platform at intervals, and the positions, opposite to the top of the breeding platform, of the bottoms of the rat pens are open and are opposite to the guide plates.
The invention at least comprises the following beneficial effects:
according to the invention, the guide plate is arranged at the bottom of the rat circle, excrement of the bamboo rat falls onto the guide plate after passing through the excrement leakage groove and then falls into the sewage ditch along the inclined plane of the guide plate, the scraper can scrape the excrement adhered to the guide plate into the sewage ditch, and the guide plate can be cleaned by water sprayed from the spray head, so that the excrement of the bamboo rat is easy to clean, the morbidity is reduced, and the survival rate of the bamboo rat is improved.
According to the invention, after the guide cylinder passes through the first through hole, the feed is added into the hopper, so that the feed can fall onto the feed tray, and the phenomenon that the growth of the bamboo rats is influenced by frightening when the bamboo rats are fed is avoided.
According to the invention, the male bamboo rat and the female bamboo rat are independently raised before mating, and are mated at night, so that the male bamboo rat and the female bamboo rat are prevented from mating without control, and the quality of mating is poor, and the quality of offspring is seriously influenced.
Additional advantages, objects, and features of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and in part will become apparent to those having ordinary skill in the art upon examination of the following or may be learned from practice of the invention.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a breeding house according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the construction of the squeegee of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a frame according to the present invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the drawings and examples so that those skilled in the art can practice the invention with reference to the description.
It is to be noted that the experimental methods described in the following embodiments are all conventional methods unless otherwise specified, and the reagents and materials, if not otherwise specified, are commercially available; in the description of the present invention, the terms "lateral", "longitudinal", "up", "down", "front", "back", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, are only for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Example 1
A breeding method for improving the survival rate of bamboo rats comprises the following steps:
A. constructing a breeding house, as shown in fig. 1 to 3, the breeding house comprising:
a breeding house body 100, which is enclosed by four walls and a roof;
two sewage ditches 101 provided at intervals in the lateral direction outside the breeding house body 100;
a plurality of rat rings 110 (a plurality of rows of rat rings) which are arranged in the breeding house body 100 side by side along the transverse direction, the bottoms of the rat rings 110 are separated from the bottom of the breeding house by a certain distance to reserve an arrangement space of the guide plate 120, the bottoms of the rat rings 110 are provided with excrement leakage grooves, a plurality of holes are arranged on a partition plate 111 (namely on a common wall surface of the two rat rings 110) between the two rat rings 110 at intervals, the size of one part of the holes is larger than that of the other part of the holes, and a first sealing cover is arranged on the hole with the larger size and is detachably connected with the partition plate; the holes with small size can not allow the bamboo rats to pass through, and the holes with large size can allow the bamboo rats to pass through. The mouse ring can be provided with a door on the side surface extending along the transverse direction for people to enter and exit. If the width of the breeding house along the longitudinal direction is large enough, a plurality of rows of rat rings can be arranged at intervals along the longitudinal direction.
The cross section of the guide plate 120 is in a shape of Chinese character 'ao', the guide plate 120 is arranged below the plurality of rat pens 110, the middle part of the guide plate 120 is higher, two ends of the guide plate are gradually inclined downwards, and two ends of the guide plate 120 respectively penetrate through two opposite walls on the breeding house body 100 (namely, the two walls are both provided with openings for the two ends of the guide plate 120 to penetrate through and can allow the bamboo rat feces to penetrate through), and the guide plate 120 respectively extends to the upper parts of the two sewage ditches 101; the bottoms of both the rat circle 110 and the deflector 120 are provided with a support member, such as a plurality of support rods or support columns, which do not interfere with the deflector.
The spray head 130 is fixedly arranged at the bottom of one rat circle 110 and is opposite to the middle part of the guide plate 120;
according to the invention, the guide plate 120 is arranged at the bottom of the rat circle 110, the excrement of the bamboo rat falls onto the guide plate 120 after passing through the excrement leakage groove and then falls into the sewage ditch 101 along the inclined plane of the guide plate 120, and the guide plate 120 can be cleaned by water sprayed by the spray head 130, so that the excrement of the bamboo rat is easy to clean.
B. Simultaneously breeding male bamboo rats and female bamboo rats in a rat circle, wherein the mixing ratio of the male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats is 1:2, after the female bamboo rats enter sexual maturity, sending out an identification signal to the male bamboo rats, separating the male bamboo rats originally in the same rat circle, the female bamboo rats after oestrus and the female bamboo rats without oestrus, breeding the male bamboo rats originally belonging to the same rat circle and the female bamboo rats after oestrus respectively through two new rat circles, enabling the rat circles of the male bamboo rats originally belonging to the same rat circle and the rat circles of the female bamboo rats after oestrus to be close to each other, transferring the female bamboo rats without oestrus to other rat circles for breeding, enabling the number of the female bamboo rats without oestrus in the other rat circles (the rat circles breeding the female bamboo rats without oestrus) to be less than or equal to the number of the original male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats in the rat circles when the male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats in the rat circles are close to each other, and enabling the rat circles without oestrus of the female bamboo rats to be located between the male bamboo circles and the female bamboo rats (namely, the female bamboo circles of the male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats in the female bamboo circles, familiarizing the female bamboo rat without estrus with the taste of the male bamboo rat);
C. opening a first sealing cover between the female bamboo rat in heat and the male bamboo rat corresponding to the female bamboo rat every night, enabling the female bamboo rat in heat and the male bamboo rat to mate, separating the male bamboo rat from the female bamboo rat in heat in the daytime, repeating the steps until the female bamboo rat in heat is pregnant, putting the pregnant female bamboo rat into a new rat circle for feeding, putting the new female bamboo rat in heat in the rat circle where the female bamboo rat in heat originally is located (the rat circle where the new female bamboo rat in heat is located is adjacent to the rat circle where the male bamboo rat in heat is located), enabling the number of the newly moved female bamboo rat in heat to be not larger than that of the newly moved pregnant female bamboo rat, feeding the newly moved female bamboo rat in heat for 2-3 days, and repeating the step C continuously after the environment is adapted. Since the hole with smaller size is opened all the time, the male bamboo rat and the female bamboo rat are adapted and familiar with each other taste, and the problem of repulsion or killing can not occur after mixing at night. And opening the first sealing cover at night, so that the male bamboo rat and the female bamboo rat are mixed to complete compounding and/or reassortment. The method prevents the male and female parents from being mixed together in the daytime and mating without control, so that the mating quality is poor and the quality of offspring is seriously influenced.
In the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, a breeding platform 140 is arranged in the rat circle 110, the breeding platform 140 is provided with a feed tray 150, the bamboo rats eat in the feed tray 150, a plurality of first through holes are arranged on the roof of the breeding house body 100 at intervals, one first through hole is opposite to one feed tray 150, a first linear guide rail is arranged on the roof of the breeding house body 100 along the transverse direction, a first sliding block is arranged on the first linear guide rail, the first sliding block reciprocates along the extension direction of the first linear guide rail under the driving of power (such as a common ball screw pair), a bracket is arranged on the first sliding block, a second linear guide rail is arranged on the bracket along the vertical direction, a second sliding block is arranged on the second linear guide rail, and reciprocates along the extension direction of the second linear guide rail under the driving of power (a motor) (such as a common ball screw pair), the second slider is provided with a second through hole, one guide cylinder 170 penetrates through the second through hole along the vertical direction, the top of the guide cylinder 170 is provided with a hopper, the hopper is placed on the second slider, the bottom of the guide cylinder 170 selectively penetrates through the first through hole and is opposite to the feeding plate 150, a second sealing cover is arranged at the position of the first through hole, and the second sealing cover is detachably connected with the top of the breeding house body 100. When feed needs to be added into one feed tray 150, the power (motor) drives the second sliding block to move downwards, so that the bottom of the guide cylinder 170 penetrates through the first through hole (the second sealing cover corresponding to the first through hole is opened) and is opposite to the feed tray 150, then the feed is added into the hopper and falls into the feed tray 150, after the feed guiding is finished, the power drives the second sliding block to move upwards, the guide cylinder 170 is drawn out to the upper side of the breeding house body, then the power drives the first sliding block to move towards the next rat ring until the bottom of the guide cylinder 170 is opposite to the next first through hole, and then the feeding operation is repeated.
In the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, the second sealing cover is located at the top of the breeding house body 100 and hinged to the breeding house body 100, the size of the second sealing cover is larger than that of the first through hole, a plurality of magnets are arranged at the top of the breeding house body 100 at intervals along the circumferential direction of the first through hole (for example, the first through hole is circular, and the circumferential direction is the same), and when the magnets attract the second sealing cover, the second sealing cover seals the first through hole. Therefore, the guide cylinder 170 can easily penetrate through the first through hole, and when the feeding is not performed, the second sealing cover seals the first through hole, so that bamboo rats are prevented from escaping, and a dark and quiet environment is created for the rat circle.
In the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, the feeding disc 150 is in an inverted cone shape with an open top and a hollow interior. So that the fodder in the guide cylinder 170 is easily dropped into the fodder tray 150.
In the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, a rectangular frame 160 is arranged at the top of the breeding house along the transverse direction, the frame 160 is hollow, the bottom of the frame 160 is open, the first sliding block, the second sliding block, the guide cylinder 170 and the hopper are all positioned in the frame 160, and one side wall (a door 161) extending along the transverse direction on the frame 160 is hinged with the top of the frame 160 and is not connected with two adjacent side walls. The door is opened, feed can be added into the hopper, the growth condition of the bamboo rats is observed through the first through hole, or the bamboo rats are taken out, or the first sealing cover is opened.
In the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, two ends of the guide plate 120 are respectively provided with a scraper 180, the scrapers 180 are positioned in the concave parts of the guide plate 120, and the scrapers 180 are connected with a connecting rod 190 and form a T shape together with the connecting rod 190. The excrement and urine of bamboo rat falls to guide plate 120 after leaking the excrement groove on, again along the inclined plane of guide plate 120 in falling to the sewage ditch 101, scraper blade 180 can scrape the excrement and urine of adhesion on guide plate 120 to the sewage ditch 101 in, the hydroenergy of shower nozzle 130 spun washs guide plate 120 for the easy washing of bamboo rat excrement and urine. And an opening for the scraper to pass through is arranged on the wall corresponding to the scraper.
In the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, a plurality of third through holes are arranged on one side wall (door) of the frame body 160 extending along the transverse direction at intervals, and one rat circle 110 corresponds to one third through hole. Feeding into the hopper through the third through hole. Thus, the door does not need to be opened when charging. And when the first sliding block, the second sliding block, the guide cylinder 170 and the hopper need to be cleaned or overhauled, the hopper is opened.
In the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, a plurality of fourth through holes are formed in the top of the breeding platform 140 at intervals, and the positions, opposite to the top of the breeding platform 140, of the bottom of the rat circle are open and are opposite to the guide plate 120. So that the food remnants can also fall directly onto the deflector 120.
Example 2
A breeding method for improving the survival rate of bamboo rats comprises the following steps:
A. constructing a breeding house, as shown in fig. 1 to 3, the breeding house comprising:
a breeding house body 100, which is enclosed by four walls and a roof;
two sewage ditches 101 provided at intervals in the lateral direction outside the breeding house body 100;
a plurality of rat rings 110 (a plurality of rows of rat rings) which are arranged in the breeding house body 100 side by side along the transverse direction, the bottoms of the rat rings 110 are separated from the bottom of the breeding house by a certain distance to reserve an arrangement space of the guide plate 120, the bottoms of the rat rings 110 are provided with excrement leakage grooves, a plurality of holes are arranged on a partition plate 111 (namely on a common wall surface of the two rat rings 110) between the two rat rings 110 at intervals, the size of one part of the holes is larger than that of the other part of the holes, and a first sealing cover is arranged on the hole with the larger size and is detachably connected with the partition plate; the holes with small size can not allow the bamboo rats to pass through, and the holes with large size can allow the bamboo rats to pass through. The mouse ring can be provided with a door on the side surface extending along the transverse direction for people to enter and exit. If the width of the breeding house along the longitudinal direction is large enough, a plurality of rows of rat rings can be arranged at intervals along the longitudinal direction.
The cross section of the guide plate 120 is in a shape of Chinese character 'ao', the guide plate 120 is arranged below the plurality of rat pens 110, the middle part of the guide plate 120 is higher, two ends of the guide plate are gradually inclined downwards, and two ends of the guide plate 120 respectively penetrate through two opposite walls on the breeding house body 100 (namely, the two walls are both provided with openings for the two ends of the guide plate 120 to penetrate through and can allow the bamboo rat feces to penetrate through), and the guide plate 120 respectively extends to the upper parts of the two sewage ditches 101; the bottoms of both the rat circle 110 and the deflector 120 are provided with a support member, such as a plurality of support rods or support columns, which do not interfere with the deflector.
The spray head 130 is fixedly arranged at the bottom of one rat circle 110 and is opposite to the middle part of the guide plate 120;
according to the invention, the guide plate 120 is arranged at the bottom of the rat circle 110, the excrement of the bamboo rat falls onto the guide plate 120 after passing through the excrement leakage groove and then falls into the sewage ditch 101 along the inclined plane of the guide plate 120, and the guide plate 120 can be cleaned by water sprayed by the spray head 130, so that the excrement of the bamboo rat is easy to clean.
B. Simultaneously breeding male bamboo rats and female bamboo rats in a rat circle, wherein the mixing ratio of the male bamboo rats to the female bamboo rats is 1:2.5, after the female bamboo rats enter a sexual maturity period, sending out an uncoupling signal to the male bamboo rats, separating the male bamboo rats, the female bamboo rats after oestrus and the female bamboo rats without oestrus which are originally located in the same rat circle, breeding the male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats after oestrus which originally belong to the same rat circle respectively through two new rat circles, enabling the rat circles of the male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats after oestrus which originally belong to the same rat circle to be adjacent, transferring the female bamboo rats without oestrus to other rat circles for breeding, enabling the number of the female bamboo rats without oestrus in other rat circles to be smaller than or equal to the number of the first male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats in the rat circle, and enabling the rat circle of the female bamboo rats without oestrus to be adjacent to the rat circle where the male bamboo rats are located; namely, the rat circle of the male bamboo rat is positioned between the female bamboo rat in estrus and the rat circle of the female bamboo rat in estrus, so that the female bamboo rat in estrus is familiar with the taste of the male bamboo rat;
C. opening a first sealing cover between the female bamboo rat in heat and the male bamboo rat corresponding to the female bamboo rat every night, enabling the female bamboo rat in heat and the male bamboo rat to mate, separating the male bamboo rat from the female bamboo rat in heat in the daytime, repeating the steps until the female bamboo rat in heat is pregnant, putting the pregnant female bamboo rat into a new rat circle for feeding, putting the new female bamboo rat in heat in the rat circle where the female bamboo rat in heat originally is located (the rat circle where the new female bamboo rat in heat is located is adjacent to the rat circle where the male bamboo rat in heat is located), enabling the number of the newly moved female bamboo rat in heat to be not larger than that of the newly moved pregnant female bamboo rat, feeding the newly moved female bamboo rat in heat for 2-3 days, and repeating the step C continuously after the environment is adapted. Since the hole with smaller size is opened all the time, the male bamboo rat and the female bamboo rat are adapted and familiar with each other taste, and the problem of repulsion or killing can not occur after mixing at night. And opening the first sealing cover at night, so that the male bamboo rat and the female bamboo rat are mixed to complete compounding and/or reassortment. The method prevents the male and female parents from being mixed together in the daytime and mating without control, so that the mating quality is poor and the quality of offspring is seriously influenced.
In the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, a breeding platform 140 is arranged in the rat circle 110, the breeding platform 140 is provided with a feed tray 150, the bamboo rats eat in the feed tray 150, a plurality of first through holes are arranged on the roof of the breeding house body 100 at intervals, one first through hole is opposite to one feed tray 150, a first linear guide rail is arranged on the roof of the breeding house body 100 along the transverse direction, a first sliding block is arranged on the first linear guide rail, the first sliding block reciprocates along the extension direction of the first linear guide rail under the driving of power (such as a common ball screw pair), a bracket is arranged on the first sliding block, a second linear guide rail is arranged on the bracket along the vertical direction, a second sliding block is arranged on the second linear guide rail, and reciprocates along the extension direction of the second linear guide rail under the driving of power (a motor) (such as a common ball screw pair), the second slider is provided with a second through hole, one guide cylinder 170 penetrates through the second through hole along the vertical direction, the top of the guide cylinder 170 is provided with a hopper, the hopper is placed on the second slider, the bottom of the guide cylinder 170 selectively penetrates through the first through hole and is opposite to the feeding plate 150, a second sealing cover is arranged at the position of the first through hole, and the second sealing cover is detachably connected with the top of the breeding house body 100. When feed needs to be added into one feed tray 150, the power (motor) drives the second sliding block to move downwards, so that the bottom of the guide cylinder 170 penetrates through the first through hole (the second sealing cover corresponding to the first through hole is opened) and is opposite to the feed tray 150, then the feed is added into the hopper and falls into the feed tray 150, after the feed guiding is finished, the power drives the second sliding block to move upwards, the guide cylinder 170 is drawn out to the upper side of the breeding house body, then the power drives the first sliding block to move towards the next rat ring until the bottom of the guide cylinder 170 is opposite to the next first through hole, and then the feeding operation is repeated.
In the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, the second sealing cover is located at the top of the breeding house body 100 and hinged to the breeding house body 100, the size of the second sealing cover is larger than that of the first through hole, a plurality of magnets are arranged at the top of the breeding house body 100 at intervals along the circumferential direction of the first through hole (for example, the first through hole is circular, and the circumferential direction is the same), and when the magnets attract the second sealing cover, the second sealing cover seals the first through hole. Therefore, the guide cylinder 170 can easily penetrate through the first through hole, and when the feeding is not performed, the second sealing cover seals the first through hole, so that bamboo rats are prevented from escaping, and a dark and quiet environment is created for the rat circle.
In the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, the feeding disc 150 is in an inverted cone shape with an open top and a hollow interior. So that the fodder in the guide cylinder 170 is easily dropped into the fodder tray 150.
In the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, a rectangular frame 160 is arranged at the top of the breeding house along the transverse direction, the frame 160 is hollow, the bottom of the frame 160 is open, the first sliding block, the second sliding block, the guide cylinder 170 and the hopper are all positioned in the frame 160, and one side wall (a door 161) extending along the transverse direction on the frame 160 is hinged with the top of the frame 160 and is not connected with two adjacent side walls. The door is opened, feed can be added into the hopper, the growth condition of the bamboo rats is observed through the first through hole, or the bamboo rats are taken out, or the first sealing cover is opened.
In the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, two ends of the guide plate 120 are respectively provided with a scraper 180, the scrapers 180 are positioned in the concave parts of the guide plate 120, and the scrapers 180 are connected with a connecting rod 190 and form a T shape together with the connecting rod 190. The excrement and urine of bamboo rat falls to guide plate 120 after leaking the excrement groove on, again along the inclined plane of guide plate 120 in falling to the sewage ditch 101, scraper blade 180 can scrape the excrement and urine of adhesion on guide plate 120 to the sewage ditch 101 in, the hydroenergy of shower nozzle 130 spun washs guide plate 120 for the easy washing of bamboo rat excrement and urine. And an opening for the scraper to pass through is arranged on the wall corresponding to the scraper.
In the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, a plurality of third through holes are arranged on one side wall (door) of the frame body 160 extending along the transverse direction at intervals, and one rat circle 110 corresponds to one third through hole. Feeding into the hopper through the third through hole. Thus, the door does not need to be opened when charging. And when the first sliding block, the second sliding block, the guide cylinder 170 and the hopper need to be cleaned or overhauled, the hopper is opened.
In the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, a plurality of fourth through holes are formed in the top of the breeding platform 140 at intervals, and the positions, opposite to the top of the breeding platform 140, of the bottom of the rat circle are open and are opposite to the guide plate 120. So that the food remnants can also fall directly onto the deflector 120.
Example 3
A breeding method for improving the survival rate of bamboo rats comprises the following steps:
A. constructing a breeding house, as shown in fig. 1 to 3, the breeding house comprising:
a breeding house body 100, which is enclosed by four walls and a roof;
two sewage ditches 101 provided at intervals in the lateral direction outside the breeding house body 100;
a plurality of rat rings 110 (a plurality of rows of rat rings) which are arranged in the breeding house body 100 side by side along the transverse direction, the bottoms of the rat rings 110 are separated from the bottom of the breeding house by a certain distance to reserve an arrangement space of the guide plate 120, the bottoms of the rat rings 110 are provided with excrement leakage grooves, a plurality of holes are arranged on a partition plate 111 (namely on a common wall surface of the two rat rings 110) between the two rat rings 110 at intervals, the size of one part of the holes is larger than that of the other part of the holes, and a first sealing cover is arranged on the hole with the larger size and is detachably connected with the partition plate; the holes with small size can not allow the bamboo rats to pass through, and the holes with large size can allow the bamboo rats to pass through. The mouse ring can be provided with a door on the side surface extending along the transverse direction for people to enter and exit. If the width of the breeding house along the longitudinal direction is large enough, a plurality of rows of rat rings can be arranged at intervals along the longitudinal direction.
The cross section of the guide plate 120 is in a shape of Chinese character 'ao', the guide plate 120 is arranged below the plurality of rat pens 110, the middle part of the guide plate 120 is higher, two ends of the guide plate are gradually inclined downwards, and two ends of the guide plate 120 respectively penetrate through two opposite walls on the breeding house body 100 (namely, the two walls are both provided with openings for the two ends of the guide plate 120 to penetrate through and can allow the bamboo rat feces to penetrate through), and the guide plate 120 respectively extends to the upper parts of the two sewage ditches 101; the bottoms of both the rat circle 110 and the deflector 120 are provided with a support member, such as a plurality of support rods or support columns, which do not interfere with the deflector.
The spray head 130 is fixedly arranged at the bottom of one rat circle 110 and is opposite to the middle part of the guide plate 120;
according to the invention, the guide plate 120 is arranged at the bottom of the rat circle 110, the excrement of the bamboo rat falls onto the guide plate 120 after passing through the excrement leakage groove and then falls into the sewage ditch 101 along the inclined plane of the guide plate 120, and the guide plate 120 can be cleaned by water sprayed by the spray head 130, so that the excrement of the bamboo rat is easy to clean.
B. Simultaneously breeding male bamboo rats and female bamboo rats in a rat circle, wherein the mixing ratio of the male bamboo rats to the female bamboo rats is 1:3, after the female bamboo rats enter a sexual maturity period, sending an identification signal to the male bamboo rats, separating the male bamboo rats, the female bamboo rats after oestrus and the female bamboo rats without oestrus which are originally positioned in the same rat circle, breeding the male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats after oestrus which originally belong to the same rat circle respectively through two new rat circles, enabling the rat circles of the male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats after oestrus to be adjacent, transferring the female bamboo rats without oestrus to other rat circles for breeding, enabling the number of the female bamboo rats without oestrus in other rat circles to be smaller than or equal to the number of the original male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats in the rat circle when the male bamboo rats are mixed, and enabling the rat circle of the female bamboo rats without oestrus to be adjacent to the rat circle where the male bamboo rats are positioned;
C. opening a first sealing cover between the female bamboo rat in heat and the male bamboo rat corresponding to the female bamboo rat every night, mating the female bamboo rat in heat and the male bamboo rat, separating the male bamboo rat from the female bamboo rat in heat in the daytime, repeating the steps until the female bamboo rat in heat is pregnant, putting the pregnant female bamboo rat into a new rat circle for feeding, putting the same number of new female bamboo rats in heat in the rat circle where the female bamboo rat in heat originally is positioned (the rat circle where the new female bamboo rat in heat is positioned is adjacent to the rat circle where the male bamboo rat in heat is positioned), making the number of the newly moved female bamboo rats in heat not larger than the number of the newly moved pregnant female bamboo rats in heat, feeding the newly moved female bamboo rats in heat for 2-3 days, and repeating the step C. Since the hole with smaller size is opened all the time, the male bamboo rat and the female bamboo rat are adapted and familiar with each other taste, and the problem of repulsion or killing can not occur after mixing at night. And opening the first sealing cover at night, so that the male bamboo rat and the female bamboo rat are mixed to complete compounding and/or reassortment. The method prevents the male and female parents from being mixed together in the daytime and mating without control, so that the mating quality is poor and the quality of offspring is seriously influenced.
In the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, a breeding platform 140 is arranged in the rat circle 110, the breeding platform 140 is provided with a feed tray 150, the bamboo rats eat in the feed tray 150, a plurality of first through holes are arranged on the roof of the breeding house body 100 at intervals, one first through hole is opposite to one feed tray 150, a first linear guide rail is arranged on the roof of the breeding house body 100 along the transverse direction, a first sliding block is arranged on the first linear guide rail, the first sliding block reciprocates along the extension direction of the first linear guide rail under the driving of power (such as a common ball screw pair), a bracket is arranged on the first sliding block, a second linear guide rail is arranged on the bracket along the vertical direction, a second sliding block is arranged on the second linear guide rail, and reciprocates along the extension direction of the second linear guide rail under the driving of power (a motor) (such as a common ball screw pair), the second slider is provided with a second through hole, one guide cylinder 170 penetrates through the second through hole along the vertical direction, the top of the guide cylinder 170 is provided with a hopper, the hopper is placed on the second slider, the bottom of the guide cylinder 170 selectively penetrates through the first through hole and is opposite to the feeding plate 150, a second sealing cover is arranged at the position of the first through hole, and the second sealing cover is detachably connected with the top of the breeding house body 100. When feed needs to be added into one feed tray 150, the power (motor) drives the second sliding block to move downwards, so that the bottom of the guide cylinder 170 penetrates through the first through hole (the second sealing cover corresponding to the first through hole is opened) and is opposite to the feed tray 150, then the feed is added into the hopper and falls into the feed tray 150, after the feed guiding is finished, the power drives the second sliding block to move upwards, the guide cylinder 170 is drawn out to the upper side of the breeding house body, then the power drives the first sliding block to move towards the next rat ring until the bottom of the guide cylinder 170 is opposite to the next first through hole, and then the feeding operation is repeated.
In the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, the second sealing cover is located at the top of the breeding house body 100 and hinged to the breeding house body 100, the size of the second sealing cover is larger than that of the first through hole, a plurality of magnets are arranged at the top of the breeding house body 100 at intervals along the circumferential direction of the first through hole (for example, the first through hole is circular, and the circumferential direction is the same), and when the magnets attract the second sealing cover, the second sealing cover seals the first through hole. Therefore, the guide cylinder 170 can easily penetrate through the first through hole, and when the feeding is not performed, the second sealing cover seals the first through hole, so that bamboo rats are prevented from escaping, and a dark and quiet environment is created for the rat circle.
In the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, the feeding disc 150 is in an inverted cone shape with an open top and a hollow interior. So that the fodder in the guide cylinder 170 is easily dropped into the fodder tray 150.
In the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, a rectangular frame 160 is arranged at the top of the breeding house along the transverse direction, the frame 160 is hollow, the bottom of the frame 160 is open, the first sliding block, the second sliding block, the guide cylinder 170 and the hopper are all positioned in the frame 160, and one side wall (a door 161) extending along the transverse direction on the frame 160 is hinged with the top of the frame 160 and is not connected with two adjacent side walls. The door is opened, feed can be added into the hopper, the growth condition of the bamboo rats is observed through the first through hole, or the bamboo rats are taken out, or the first sealing cover is opened.
In the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, two ends of the guide plate 120 are respectively provided with a scraper 180, the scrapers 180 are positioned in the concave parts of the guide plate 120, and the scrapers 180 are connected with a connecting rod 190 and form a T shape together with the connecting rod 190. The excrement and urine of bamboo rat falls to guide plate 120 after leaking the excrement groove on, again along the inclined plane of guide plate 120 in falling to the sewage ditch 101, scraper blade 180 can scrape the excrement and urine of adhesion on guide plate 120 to the sewage ditch 101 in, the hydroenergy of shower nozzle 130 spun washs guide plate 120 for the easy washing of bamboo rat excrement and urine. And an opening for the scraper to pass through is arranged on the wall corresponding to the scraper.
In the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, a plurality of third through holes are arranged on one side wall (door) of the frame body 160 extending along the transverse direction at intervals, and one rat circle 110 corresponds to one third through hole. Feeding into the hopper through the third through hole. Thus, the door does not need to be opened when charging. And when the first sliding block, the second sliding block, the guide cylinder 170 and the hopper need to be cleaned or overhauled, the hopper is opened.
In the breeding method for improving the survival rate of the bamboo rats, a plurality of fourth through holes are formed in the top of the breeding platform 140 at intervals, and the positions, opposite to the top of the breeding platform 140, of the bottom of the rat circle are open and are opposite to the guide plate 120. So that the food remnants can also fall directly onto the deflector 120.
Comparative example 1
A breeding method for improving the survival rate of bamboo rats comprises the following steps:
A. simultaneously breeding male bamboo rats and female bamboo rats in a rat circle, wherein the mixing ratio of the male bamboo rats to the female bamboo rats is 1:2, after the female bamboo rats enter a sexual maturity period, sending an identification signal to the male bamboo rats, separating the male bamboo rats, the female bamboo rats after oestrus and the female bamboo rats without oestrus which are originally positioned in the same rat circle, breeding the male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats after oestrus which originally belong to the same rat circle respectively through two new rat circles, enabling the rat circles of the male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats after oestrus to be adjacent, transferring the female bamboo rats without oestrus to other rat circles for breeding, enabling the number of the female bamboo rats without oestrus in other rat circles to be smaller than or equal to the number of the original male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats in the rat circle when the male bamboo rats are mixed, and enabling the rat circle of the female bamboo rats without oestrus to be adjacent to the rat circle where the male bamboo rats are positioned;
B. mixing the female bamboo rat with the male bamboo rat corresponding to the female bamboo rat every night, mating the female bamboo rat with the male bamboo rat, separating the male bamboo rat from the female bamboo rat with the heat in the daytime, repeating the steps until the female bamboo rat with the heat is pregnant, putting the pregnant female bamboo rat into a new rat circle for feeding, putting the new female bamboo rat with the heat into the rat circle where the female bamboo rat with the heat originally is, enabling the number of the newly moved female bamboo rat with the heat to be not more than that of the pregnant female rat which is just moved out, feeding the newly moved female bamboo rat with the heat to adapt to the environment for 2-3 days, and repeating the step B continuously. The bottom of the rat circle is not provided with an excrement leakage groove, a guide plate and a spray head, the bamboo rat excrement is cleaned after the rat circle is manually opened, and a hole is formed in a partition plate between the two rat circles, so that a bamboo rat cannot pass through the hole.
Comparative example 2
A breeding method for improving the survival rate of bamboo rats comprises the following steps:
A. simultaneously breeding male bamboo rats and female bamboo rats in a rat circle, wherein the mixing ratio of the male bamboo rats to the female bamboo rats is 1:2.5, after the female bamboo rats enter a sexual maturity period, sending out an uncoupling signal to the male bamboo rats, separating the male bamboo rats, the female bamboo rats after oestrus and the female bamboo rats without oestrus which are originally located in the same rat circle, breeding the male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats after oestrus which originally belong to the same rat circle respectively through two new rat circles, enabling the rat circles of the male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats after oestrus which originally belong to the same rat circle to be adjacent, transferring the female bamboo rats without oestrus to other rat circles for breeding, enabling the number of the female bamboo rats without oestrus in other rat circles to be smaller than or equal to the number of the first male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats in the rat circle, and enabling the rat circle of the female bamboo rats without oestrus to be adjacent to the rat circle where the male bamboo rats are located;
B. mixing the female bamboo rat with the male bamboo rat corresponding to the female bamboo rat every night, mating the female bamboo rat with the male bamboo rat, separating the male bamboo rat from the female bamboo rat with the heat in the daytime, repeating the steps until the female bamboo rat with the heat is pregnant, putting the pregnant female bamboo rat into a new rat circle for feeding, putting the new female bamboo rat with the heat into the rat circle where the female bamboo rat with the heat originally is, enabling the number of the newly moved female bamboo rat with the heat to be not more than that of the pregnant female rat which is just moved out, feeding the newly moved female bamboo rat with the heat to adapt to the environment for 2-3 days, and repeating the step B continuously. The bottom of the rat circle is not provided with an excrement leakage groove, a guide plate and a spray head, the bamboo rat excrement is cleaned after the rat circle is manually opened, and a hole is formed in a partition plate between the two rat circles, so that a bamboo rat cannot pass through the hole.
Comparative example 3
A breeding method for improving the survival rate of bamboo rats comprises the following steps:
A. simultaneously breeding male bamboo rats and female bamboo rats in a rat circle, wherein the mixing ratio of the male bamboo rats to the female bamboo rats is 1:3, after the female bamboo rats enter a sexual maturity period, sending an identification signal to the male bamboo rats, separating the male bamboo rats, the female bamboo rats after oestrus and the female bamboo rats without oestrus which are originally positioned in the same rat circle, breeding the male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats after oestrus which originally belong to the same rat circle respectively through two new rat circles, enabling the rat circles of the male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats after oestrus to be adjacent, transferring the female bamboo rats without oestrus to other rat circles for breeding, enabling the number of the female bamboo rats without oestrus in other rat circles to be smaller than or equal to the number of the original male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats in the rat circle when the male bamboo rats are mixed, and enabling the rat circle of the female bamboo rats without oestrus to be adjacent to the rat circle where the male bamboo rats are positioned;
B. mixing the female bamboo rat with the male bamboo rat corresponding to the female bamboo rat every night, mating the female bamboo rat with the male bamboo rat, separating the male bamboo rat from the female bamboo rat with the heat in the daytime, repeating the steps until the female bamboo rat with the heat is pregnant, putting the pregnant female bamboo rat into a new rat circle for feeding, putting the new female bamboo rat with the heat into the rat circle where the female bamboo rat with the heat originally is, enabling the number of the newly moved female bamboo rat with the heat to be not more than that of the pregnant female rat which is just moved out, feeding the newly moved female bamboo rat with the heat to adapt to the environment for 2-3 days, and repeating the step B continuously. The bottom of the rat house is not provided with an excrement leakage groove, a guide plate and a spray head, the bamboo rat excrement is cleaned after the rat rings are opened manually, and holes are formed in a partition plate between the two rat rings, so that bamboo rats cannot pass through the holes.
Test 1
50 male red-cheek bamboo rats and female red-cheek bamboo rats with respective corresponding proportions (calculated according to the mixing proportion) were respectively bred by the methods of examples 1-3 and comparative examples 1-3, and the growth rate, survival rate and meat quality parameters of the bamboo rats and commercial bamboo rats were measured, and the results are shown in table 1.
TABLE 1 result of breeding by the methods of examples 1-3 and comparative examples 1-3
Figure BDA0001446341950000141
As can be seen from Table 1, the improvement of the breeding house can reduce the morbidity of the bamboo rats, improve the survival rate and the weight of the bamboo rats in unit time, and improve the crude fat content of the bamboo rats.
While embodiments of the invention have been described above, it is not limited to the applications set forth in the description and the embodiments, which are fully applicable in various fields of endeavor to which the invention pertains, and further modifications may readily be made by those skilled in the art, it being understood that the invention is not limited to the details shown and described herein without departing from the general concept defined by the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. A feeding method for improving the survival rate of bamboo rats is characterized by comprising the following steps:
A. constructing a breeding house, wherein the breeding house comprises:
the breeding house body is enclosed by four walls and a roof;
the two sewage ditches are arranged on the outer side of the breeding house body at intervals along the transverse direction;
the rat circle is arranged in the breeding house body side by side along the transverse direction, the bottom of the rat circle is separated from the bottom of the breeding house by a certain distance, the bottom of the rat circle is provided with a feces leaking groove, a plurality of holes are arranged on a partition plate between the two rat circles at intervals, the size of one part of the holes is larger than that of the other part of the holes, a first sealing cover is arranged on the hole with the larger size, and the first sealing cover is detachably connected with the partition plate;
the cross section of the guide plate is in a concave shape, the guide plate is arranged below the plurality of rat rings, the middle part of the guide plate is higher, two ends of the guide plate gradually incline downwards, and two ends of the guide plate respectively penetrate through two opposite side walls on the breeding house body and respectively extend to the upper parts of the two sewage ditches;
the spray head is fixedly arranged at the bottom of a rat ring and is opposite to the middle part of the guide plate;
B. simultaneously breeding male bamboo rats and female bamboo rats in a rat circle, wherein the mixing ratio of the male bamboo rats to the female bamboo rats is 1:2-3, after the female bamboo rats enter a sexual maturity period, sending out an uncoupling signal to the male bamboo rats, separating the male bamboo rats originally positioned in the same rat circle, the female bamboo rats after oestrus from the female bamboo rats without oestrus, breeding the male bamboo rats originally belonging to the same rat circle and the female bamboo rats after oestrus respectively through two new rat circles, enabling the rat circles originally belonging to the male bamboo rats in the same rat circle and the rat circles of the female bamboo rats after oestrus to be adjacent, transferring the female bamboo rats without oestrus to other rat circles for breeding, enabling the number of the female bamboo rats without oestrus in other rat circles to be smaller than or equal to the number of the first male bamboo rats and the female bamboo rats in the rat circle, and enabling the rat circle of the female bamboo rats without oestrus to be adjacent to the rat circle of the male bamboo rats;
C. opening a first sealing cover between the female bamboo rat in heat and the male bamboo rat corresponding to the female bamboo rat every night, mating the female bamboo rat in heat and the male bamboo rat, separating the male bamboo rat from the female bamboo rat in heat in the daytime, repeating the steps until the female bamboo rat in heat is pregnant, putting the pregnant female bamboo rat into a new rat circle for feeding, putting a new female bamboo rat in heat in the rat circle where the female bamboo rat in heat originally is located, enabling the number of the newly moved female bamboo rat to be not more than the number of the newly moved pregnant female bamboo rat, and repeating the step C continuously after the newly moved female bamboo rat in heat is fed for 2-3 days;
wherein a feeding platform is arranged in the rat circle, a feeding disc is arranged on the feeding platform, a plurality of first through holes are arranged on the roof of the breeding house body at intervals, one first through hole is opposite to one feeding disc, a first linear guide rail is arranged on the roof of the breeding house body along the transverse direction, a first sliding block is arranged on the first linear guide rail, the first sliding block is provided with a bracket, the bracket is provided with a second linear guide rail along the vertical direction, a second slide block is arranged on the second linear guide rail, a second through hole is arranged on the second slide block, a material guide cylinder penetrates through the second through hole along the vertical direction, a hopper is arranged at the top of the material guide cylinder and is placed on the second slide block, the bottom of the material guide cylinder selectively penetrates through the first through hole, the first through hole is provided with a first sealing cover, and the first sealing cover is detachably connected with the top of the breeding house body;
the second closing cap with breed the house body and articulate, the size of second closing cap is greater than the size of first through-hole, the top of breeding the house body is followed the girth direction interval of first through-hole is provided with polylith magnet, and when magnet attracted the second closing cap, the first through-hole was sealed to the second closing cap.
2. The raising method for improving the survival rate of bamboo rats according to claim 1, wherein the feed tray is an inverted cone with an open top and a hollow interior.
3. The raising method for improving the survival rate of bamboo rats as claimed in claim 1, wherein a rectangular frame is provided at the top of the house in the transverse direction, the frame is hollow and open at the bottom, the first slider, the second slider, the guide cylinder and the hopper are all located in the frame, and one side wall of the frame extending in the transverse direction is hinged to the top of the frame and is not connected to two side walls adjacent to the side wall.
4. The raising method for improving the survival rate of bamboo rats as claimed in claim 1, wherein the guide plate is provided at both ends thereof with a scraper respectively, the scraper is located in the recess of the guide plate, and the scraper is connected to a connecting rod and forms a T-shape with the connecting rod.
5. A raising method for improving survival rate of bamboo rats according to claim 3, wherein a plurality of third through holes are provided at intervals on one side wall of the frame body extending in the transverse direction, and one rat circle corresponds to one third through hole.
6. The raising method for improving the survival rate of bamboo rats as claimed in claim 1, wherein a plurality of fourth through holes are provided at intervals on the top of the raising platform, and the bottom of the rat circle is open at a position opposite to the top of the raising platform and opposite to the guide plate.
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