CN107670638A - Steel mill's waste residue composition for filtration treatment sewage and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Steel mill's waste residue composition for filtration treatment sewage and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107670638A
CN107670638A CN201710922911.3A CN201710922911A CN107670638A CN 107670638 A CN107670638 A CN 107670638A CN 201710922911 A CN201710922911 A CN 201710922911A CN 107670638 A CN107670638 A CN 107670638A
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China
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dosage
parts
waste residue
steel mill
weight
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CN201710922911.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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沈远亮
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武汉金钢新材料有限公司
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Priority to CN201710922911.3A priority Critical patent/CN107670638A/en
Publication of CN107670638A publication Critical patent/CN107670638A/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J20/00Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof
    • B01J20/02Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof comprising inorganic material
    • B01J20/20Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof comprising inorganic material comprising free carbon; comprising carbon obtained by carbonising processes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J20/00Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof
    • B01J20/02Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof comprising inorganic material
    • B01J20/04Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof comprising inorganic material comprising compounds of alkali metals, alkaline earth metals or magnesium
    • B01J20/043Carbonates or bicarbonates, e.g. limestone, dolomite, aragonite
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J20/00Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof
    • B01J20/02Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof comprising inorganic material
    • B01J20/10Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof comprising inorganic material comprising silica or silicate
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J20/00Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof
    • B01J20/28Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof characterised by their form or physical properties
    • B01J20/28014Solid sorbent compositions or filter aid compositions; Sorbents for chromatography; Processes for preparing, regenerating or reactivating thereof characterised by their form or physical properties characterised by their form
    • B01J20/28016Particle form
    • B01J20/28019Spherical, ellipsoidal or cylindrical
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • C02F1/283Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption using coal, charred products, or inorganic mixtures containing them
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J2220/00Aspects relating to sorbent materials
    • B01J2220/40Aspects relating to the composition of sorbent or filter aid materials
    • B01J2220/48Sorbents characterised by the starting material used for their preparation
    • B01J2220/4875Sorbents characterised by the starting material used for their preparation the starting material being a waste, residue or of undefined composition
    • B01J2220/4881Residues from shells, e.g. eggshells, mollusk shells
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J2220/00Aspects relating to sorbent materials
    • B01J2220/40Aspects relating to the composition of sorbent or filter aid materials
    • B01J2220/48Sorbents characterised by the starting material used for their preparation
    • B01J2220/4875Sorbents characterised by the starting material used for their preparation the starting material being a waste, residue or of undefined composition
    • B01J2220/4887Residues, wastes, e.g. garbage, municipal or industrial sludges, compost, animal manure; fly-ashes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2303/00Specific treatment goals
    • C02F2303/02Odour removal or prevention of malodour

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of steel mill's waste residue composition for filtration treatment sewage.It includes steel mill's waste residue, quick lime and activated carbon;The dosage of steel mill's waste residue is 40 90 parts by weight, the dosage of quick lime is 1 20 parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon is 1 20 parts.With energy-saving and emission-reduction, environmental protection, the environment-friendly materials with processing sewage function are prepared with cheap raw material, can realize the recycling for providing ring, the advantages of water resource can be improved.The invention also discloses the method for preparing steel mill's waste residue composition for filtration treatment sewage.

Description

Steel mill's waste residue composition for filtration treatment sewage and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to reusing for steel mill's waste residue, and more specifically it is steel mill's waste residue for filtration treatment sewage Composition.The invention further relates to the method for preparing steel mill's waste residue composition for filtration treatment sewage.
Background technology
Steel mill's waste residue is caused waste residue after steel mill's production, and annual steel mill of China has substantial amounts of waste residue to produce, these waste residues A part is used as cement additire, and the slag in steel mill can improve the improvement coagulation of cement as the additive in cement Density, impermeability, the corrosion resistance of soil, and the later strength of concrete is increased substantially, so as to significantly improve the resistance to of concrete Long property, but still there are a large amount of waste residues to be stacked or be taken as garbage disposal, waste of resource and pollution environment.
Preconditioning technique is also referred to as using pre-treatment in existing sewage disposal, it is conventional have grid or grid, regulating reservoir, Setting pot, preliminary sedimentation tank etc., these processing modes will typically pass through several levels in processing procedure could complete to pre-process, and operation is multiple Miscellaneous, treatment effect is unsatisfactory, only filters the suspension of bulky grain, and can not remove the smell of sewage.
Quick lime, main component are calcium oxide, and usual preparation method is by the natural rock that main component is calcium carbonate, in high temperature Lower calcining, you can decompose generation carbon dioxide and calcium oxide (chemical formula:CaO, i.e. quick lime, also known as marble);Quick lime is The conventional drier of vapor is removed using chemical absorption method, is also used for the de- of steel, agricultural chemicals, medicine, drier, process hides and alcohol Water etc.;Especially suitable for the local and special products such as dilated food, mushroom, agaric, and instrument, medicine, dress ornament, electronics telecommunication, skin The product of the industries such as leather, weaving;Filler can be made, such as:Filler as epoxy adhesive;As analytical reagent, gas It is used as carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide absorbent, spectrum analysis reagent during analysis, high purity reagent is used for outer in semiconductor production Prolong, diffusing procedure, the drying of laboratory ammonia and alcohols dehydration etc.;As raw material, calcium carbide, soda ash, bleaching powder etc. can be manufactured, For process hides, purification of waste water, calcium hydroxide and various calcium compounds;It can be used as construction material, metallurgical fluxing agent, cement rapid hardening Agent, the fluxing agent of fluorescent material;It can be used as vegetable oil decoloration agent, pharmaceutical carrier, soil conditioner and calcareous fertilisers;It can be additionally used in fire proofed wood Material, drier;Agricultural machinery 1, No. 2 glue and underwater epoxy adhesive can be prepared, also serves as the reactant with 2402 resin pre-reactions;Can It is quenched for acid waste water processing and sludge;Boiler Shut-down Protection agent is also acted as, using the wettability power of lime, makes boiler water The metal surface of vapour system keeps drying, prevents from corroding, suitable for low pressure, pressure, the Long-time Shut-down of low capacity dum boiler protect Shield.
Activated carbon, it is black powder or bulk, graininess, cellular amorphous carbon, the crystal for also having arranged regular Carbon;In activated carbon in addition to carbon, also comprising two class admixtures:One kind is chemically combined element, mainly oxygen and hydrogen, these Element is due to not carbonize and remained in charcoal completely, or in activation process, external is non-CarbonWith activated carbon surface Chemical bond;Another kind of admixture is ash content, and it is the inorganic part of activated carbon, and ash content easily causes in activated carbonSecondary dirt Dye.During activated carbon is due to stronger adsorptivity, being widely used in producing, living;Absorbent charcoal material is by working process The amorphous carbon of gained, there is very big specific surface area, to the inorganic or organic substance in gas, solution and colloidal solid etc. all There is good adsorption capacity;The chemical property of absorbent charcoal material is stable, and high mechanical strength is acidproof, alkaline-resisting, heat-resisting, not soluble in water With organic solvent, use can be regenerated;Active carbon filter is the process for being retained the pollutant of suspended state in water, quilt The suspension of retention is filled in the space between activated carbon;The size of filtering layer pore scale and porosity, with activated carbon material granularity Increasing and increase.I.e. granularity of activated carbon is thicker, and the space that can accommodate suspension is bigger.It shows as filter capacity enhancing, receives Dirty ability increase, holding filth capacity increase;Meanwhile activated carbon filtering layer hole is bigger, suspension more can be deeper delivered to down in water Layer of active carbon filtering layer, under conditions of having protection thickness enough, suspension can be more trapped, and Shi Zhong lower floors filtering layer is more Crown_interception, the increase of unit holding filth capacity are played well;Activated carbon institute is come to the interception capacity of suspension possessed by activated carbon The surface area of offer;When flow velocity is low, the filter capacity of unit screens out effect mainly from activated carbon, and when flow velocity is fast, mistake Suction-operated of the filter ability from activated carbon granule surface, the granule surface area that activated carbon is provided in filter process is bigger, It is stronger to the adhesive force of suspension in water.According to the intermolecular forces of activated carbon molecule and contaminant molecule in adsorption process not Together, absorption can be divided into two major classes:Physical absorption and chemisorbed (also known as activated adoption);In adsorption process, work as activated carbon Active force between molecule and contaminant molecule is referred to as physical absorption when being Van der Waals force (or electrostatic attraction);When activated carbon molecule Active force between contaminant molecule is referred to as chemisorbed when being chemical bond.The adsorption strength of physical absorption is mainly and activated carbon Physical property it is relevant, it is substantially unrelated with the chemical property of activated carbon;Because Van der Waals force is weaker, to the structure of contaminant molecule Influence less, physical absorption can be analogized to coacervation by this power as intermolecular cohesion;Polluted during physical absorption The chemical property of thing remains in that constant;Because chemical bond is strong, the structure of contaminant molecule is had a great influence, therefore chemistry can be inhaled It is attached to regard chemical reaction as, it is the result of chemical action between pollutant and activated carbon;Chemisorbed generally comprise electronics to shared or Electronics shifts, rather than simple perturbation or weak polarization, is irreversible chemical reaction process;Adsorption process is pollutant Molecule is adsorbed to the process of the surface of solids, and the free energy of molecule can reduce, and therefore, adsorption process is exothermic process, is released Heat be referred to as heat of adsorption of the pollutant on this surface of solids;Because physical absorption is different with the active force of chemisorbed, it Heat of adsorption, the rate of adsorption, activation energy of adsorption, adsorption temp, selectivity, absorption the number of plies and absorbance spectrum etc. show Certain difference;The refined and decolouring that active carbon adsorption technology is used for the industry such as medicine, chemical industry and food at home is existing for many years History;Start the 1970s to be used for Industrial Wastewater Treatment;Production practices show that activated carbon is to micro quantity organic pollutant in water Adsorptivity with brilliance, it has good to industrial wastewaters such as textile printing and dyeing, dye chemical industry, food processing and organic chemical industries Adsorption effect;Generally, to the organic matter represented in waste water with overall targets such as BOD, COD, such as synthetic dyestuffs, superficiality Agent, phenols, benzene class, organochlorine, agricultural chemicals and petrochemicals etc., there is the removal ability of uniqueness;So active carbon adsorption Progressively turn into one of industrial wastewater two level or the main method of tertiary treatment;Absorption is that a kind of material is attached to another material Slow mechanism on surface.Absorption is a kind of interfacial phenomenon, and it is relevant with the change of surface tension, surface energy.Cause suction Attached promotion ability has two kinds, and a kind of is repulsive force of the aqueous solvent to hydrophobic substance, and another kind is affine suction of the solid to solute Gravitation.Absorption in wastewater treatment, majority are the results of both power comprehensive functions;The specific surface area and pore structure of activated carbon Its adsorption capacity is directly affected, when selecting activated carbon, should be determined according to the water quality of waste water by testing;Dyeing waste water is preferably selected Select the flourishing charcoal kind of transitional pore;In addition, ash content also has an impact, ash content is smaller, and absorption property is better;The size of adsorption molecule with Charcoal pore diameter is closer to more adsorbed;Adsorption density also has an impact to charcoal absorption amount;In finite concentration scope Interior, adsorbance is increased with the increase of adsorption density;In addition, water temperature and pH value also have an impact.Adsorbance is with water temperature Raise and reduce;Active carbon adsorption is to utilize porous activated carbon, one or more materials in water is attracted to activity Carbon surface and the method removed, removing object includes deliquescent organic substance, synthetic detergent, microorganism, virus and necessarily The heavy metal of amount, and can decolourize, deodorization, purification of air.
Current tellurian water environment crisis (crisis triggered due to the change of " water quality ") getting worse, to the mankind's Production and life bring many detrimental effects, for global development strategy, whether western developed country or develop Middle country, it all will progressively implement in full the strategy of sustainable development of environment;Water is to restrict a national economy and social development Key factor, water have its natural quality, economic attribution and social property, the ecological circulation concept (Water Recycling) of water It is widely accepted;China is the poor country of a water resource, and the Treatment and recovery of municipal sewage is that solve this The extremely effective method of problem, at all times, mankind's dado and occupy, water has become the important of China's economy and social development Restraining factors;Therefore, China's municipal sewage is carried out handling great realistic meaning.
The content of the invention
The first object of the present invention is to provide a kind of steel mill's waste residue composition for filtration treatment sewage, energy-saving and emission-reduction, Environmental protection, the environment-friendly materials with processing sewage function are prepared with cheap raw material, the recovery of resource can not only be realized again Utilize, moreover it is possible to improve water resource.
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of method for preparing steel mill's waste residue composition for filtration treatment sewage.
In order to realize first purpose of the invention described above, the technical scheme is that:Steel for filtration treatment sewage Factory waste residue composition, it is characterised in that:Including steel mill's waste residue, quick lime and activated carbon;The dosage of steel mill's waste residue is 40-90 Parts by weight, the dosage of quick lime are 1-20 parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon is 1-20 parts.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, in addition to egg shell.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, it is made up of steel mill's waste residue, quick lime, activated carbon, egg shell;The use of steel mill's waste residue To measure as 40-90 parts by weight, the dosage of quick lime be 1-20 parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon is 1-20 parts;The dosage of egg shell is 1-10 parts by weight.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, the dosage of steel mill's waste residue be 50-80 parts by weight, the dosage of quick lime be 5-20 weight Measure part, the dosage of activated carbon is 5-20 parts;The dosage of egg shell is 2-9 parts by weight.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, the dosage of steel mill's waste residue be 65-75 parts by weight, the dosage of quick lime be 10-18 Parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon are 10-20 parts;The dosage of egg shell is 2-8 parts by weight.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, the dosage of steel mill's waste residue be 68-72 parts by weight, the dosage of quick lime be 14-16 Parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon are 16-18 parts;The dosage of egg shell is 5-7 parts by weight.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, the dosage of steel mill's waste residue be 70 parts by weight, the dosage of quick lime be 15 parts by weight, The dosage of activated carbon is 17 parts;The dosage of egg shell is 6 parts by weight.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, the vitreum content of steel mill's waste residue is more than or equal to 85%, and specific surface area is more than or waited In 400m2/kg。
In order to realize second purpose of the invention described above, the technical scheme is that:Prepare described be used at filtering The method for managing steel mill's waste residue composition of sewage, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
Step 1:Crushed after steel mill's waste residue of the weight fraction, quick lime, activated carbon, egg shell are mixed, cross 80- 100 mesh mesh sieves, the mixture for crossing 80-100 mesh mesh sieves is put into after being mixed in mixer, adds suitable quantity of water and be well mixed;
Step 2:Mixture in step 1 is put into nodulizer and suppresses balling-up, the pressure of nodulizer is 200-300 million Pa, temperature are room temperature;
Step 3:Spherical mixture is put into dryer and dried, drying temperature is in 150-200 DEG C, normal pressure, is used In steel mill's waste residue composition of filtration treatment sewage.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, in step 2, a diameter of 2-4cm of mixture of balling-up is suppressed;It is used for made from step 3 The adsorption rate of steel mill's waste residue composition of filtration treatment sewage is 50-80%, and density is less than 1.0g/cm3, hydroscopicity is more than or waits In 50%.
The invention has the advantages that:
(1) steel mill's waste residue be steel mill production after caused waste residue, be a kind of silicate mixture, porosity 35% with On, raw material sources are extensive, energy-saving and emission-reduction, environmental protection;The environmental protection with processing sewage function is prepared with cheap raw material Material, the recycling of resource can not only be realized, moreover it is possible to improve water resource;
(2) production operation is easy, is easy to industry chemical conversion production;
(3) the filtering absorption property for sewage is strong, can effectively filter suspension, and base is established for follow-up sewage disposal Plinth;
(4) there is exsiccation;Density is less than the density of water, can be suspended in water, the not facile hydrolysis in water;With sky Gap, there are filtering, suction-operated to the size floating object in sewage and smell;
(5) specific surface area of steel mill's waste residue is larger, has filtration;Quick lime has hygroscopic effect;Activated carbon has Filtering, suction-operated;Egg shell has the function that absorption, decontamination;
(6) cost is relatively low, easy to operate, and the present invention just reaches the purpose of filtering precipitation by a pretreatment;Overcome The processing mode such as prior art grid or grid, regulating reservoir, setting pot, preliminary sedimentation tank is only to filter the suspension of bulky grain, And could typically be completed to pre-process by several levels in processing procedure, the shortcomings that taking time and effort.
Embodiment
Describe the performance of the present invention in detail with reference to embodiment, but they do not form limitation of the invention, It is only for example.Make advantages of the present invention more clear by explanation simultaneously and be readily appreciated that.
Steel mill's waste residue composition for filtration treatment sewage, it is characterised in that:Including steel mill's waste residue, quick lime and activity Charcoal;The dosage of steel mill's waste residue is 40-90 parts by weight, the dosage of quick lime is 1-20 parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon is 1- 20 parts.
Further, in addition to egg shell.
Further, it is made up of steel mill's waste residue, quick lime, activated carbon, egg shell;The dosage of steel mill's waste residue is 40- 90 parts by weight, the dosage of quick lime are 1-20 parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon is 1-20 parts;The dosage of egg shell is 1-10 weight Part.
Further, the dosage of steel mill's waste residue be 50-80 parts by weight, the dosage of quick lime be 5-20 parts by weight, work The dosage of property charcoal is 5-20 parts;The dosage of egg shell is 2-9 parts by weight.
Further, the dosage of steel mill's waste residue be 65-75 parts by weight, the dosage of quick lime be 10-18 parts by weight, work The dosage of property charcoal is 10-20 parts;The dosage of egg shell is 2-8 parts by weight.
Further, the dosage of steel mill's waste residue be 68-72 parts by weight, the dosage of quick lime be 14-16 parts by weight, work The dosage of property charcoal is 16-18 parts;The dosage of egg shell is 5-7 parts by weight.
Further, the dosage of steel mill's waste residue be 70 parts by weight, the dosage of quick lime be 15 parts by weight, activated carbon Dosage is 17 parts;The dosage of egg shell is 6 parts by weight.
Further, the vitreum content of steel mill's waste residue is more than or equal to 85%, and specific surface area is more than or equal to 400m2/kg。
The method for preparing described steel mill's waste residue composition for filtration treatment sewage, it is characterised in that:Including as follows Step:
Step 1:Crushed after steel mill's waste residue of the weight fraction, quick lime, activated carbon, egg shell are mixed, cross 80- 100 mesh mesh sieves, the mixture for crossing 80-100 mesh mesh sieves is put into after being mixed in mixer, adds suitable quantity of water and be well mixed;
Step 2:Mixture in step 1 is put into nodulizer and suppresses balling-up, the pressure of nodulizer is 200-300 million Pa, temperature are room temperature;
Step 3:Spherical mixture is put into dryer and dried, drying temperature is in 150-200 DEG C, normal pressure, is used In steel mill's waste residue composition of filtration treatment sewage.
In step 1, during mixing, steel mill's waste residue, quick lime, activated carbon, egg shell crush in advance, cross 80 mesh mesh sieves;Step 2 In, suppress a diameter of 2-4cm of mixture of balling-up;The obtained steel mill's waste residue composition for filtration treatment sewage of step 3 Adsorption rate is 50-80%, and density is less than 1.0g/cm3, hydroscopicity is more than or equal to 50%.
Embodiment 1
For steel mill's waste residue composition of filtration treatment sewage, the dosage of steel mill's waste residue is 90 parts by weight, the use of quick lime To measure as 1 parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon be 5 parts, the dosage of egg shell is 2 parts by weight.
The method for preparing described steel mill's waste residue composition for filtration treatment sewage, it is characterised in that:Including as follows Step:
Step 1:Steel mill's waste residue, quick lime, activated carbon, the egg shell of the weight fraction are put into mixer and mixed Afterwards, suitable quantity of water is added to be well mixed;
Step 2:Mixture in step 1 is put into nodulizer and suppresses balling-up, the pressure of nodulizer is 200-300 million Pa, temperature are room temperature;
Step 3:Spherical mixture is put into dryer and dried, drying temperature is in 150-200 DEG C, normal pressure, is used In steel mill's waste residue composition of filtration treatment sewage.
Embodiment 2
For steel mill's waste residue composition of filtration treatment sewage, the dosage of steel mill's waste residue is 40 parts by weight, the use of quick lime To measure as 5 parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon be 20 parts, the dosage of egg shell is 8 parts by weight.
Preparation method is the same as embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3
For steel mill's waste residue composition of filtration treatment sewage, the dosage of steel mill's waste residue is 75 parts by weight, the use of quick lime It is 10 parts to measure as 18 parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon.
The method for preparing described steel mill's waste residue composition for filtration treatment sewage, it is characterised in that:Including as follows Step:
Step 1:Steel mill's waste residue, quick lime, the activated carbon of the weight fraction are put into after being mixed in mixer, added suitable Amount water is well mixed;
Step 2:Mixture in step 1 is put into nodulizer and suppresses balling-up, the pressure of nodulizer is 200-300 million Pa, temperature are room temperature;
Step 3:Spherical mixture is put into dryer and dried, drying temperature is in 150-200 DEG C, normal pressure, is used In steel mill's waste residue composition of filtration treatment sewage.
Embodiment 4
For steel mill's waste residue composition of filtration treatment sewage, the dosage of steel mill's waste residue is 80 parts by weight, the use of quick lime To measure as 10 parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon be 1 part, the dosage of egg shell is 9 parts by weight.
Preparation method is the same as embodiment 1.
Embodiment 5
For steel mill's waste residue composition of filtration treatment sewage, the dosage of steel mill's waste residue is 50 parts by weight, the use of quick lime It is 16 parts to measure as 20 parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon;The dosage of egg shell is 5 parts by weight.
Preparation method is the same as embodiment 1.
Embodiment 6
For steel mill's waste residue composition of filtration treatment sewage, the dosage of steel mill's waste residue is 70 parts by weight, the use of quick lime To measure as 15 parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon be 17 parts, the dosage of egg shell is 6 parts by weight.
Preparation method is the same as embodiment 1.
Embodiment 7
For steel mill's waste residue composition of filtration treatment sewage, the dosage of steel mill's waste residue is 60 parts by weight, the use of quick lime To measure as 14 parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon be 18 parts, the dosage of egg shell is 7 parts by weight.
Preparation method is the same as embodiment 1.
Embodiment 8
For steel mill's waste residue composition of filtration treatment sewage, the dosage of steel mill's waste residue is 65 parts by weight, the use of quick lime To measure as 16 parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon be 15 parts, the dosage of egg shell is 10 parts by weight.
Preparation method is the same as embodiment 1.
Embodiment 9
For steel mill's waste residue composition of filtration treatment sewage, the dosage of steel mill's waste residue is 68 parts by weight, the use of quick lime To measure as 18 parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon be 14 parts, the dosage of egg shell is 1 parts by weight.
Preparation method is the same as embodiment 1.
Embodiment 10
For steel mill's waste residue composition of filtration treatment sewage, the dosage of steel mill's waste residue is 72 parts by weight, the use of quick lime It is 20 parts to measure as 12 parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon.
Preparation method is the same as embodiment 3.
The steel mill's waste residue composition for being used for filtration treatment sewage made from above-described embodiment is detected, testing result is such as Shown in table 1 below:
The testing result of table 1
Hydroscopicity % Absorption affinity % Density g/cm3
Embodiment 1 50 90 0.85
Embodiment 2 47.85 92 0.89
Embodiment 3 47.95 87 0.92
Embodiment 4 45 89 0.92
Embodiment 5 50 91 0.87
Embodiment 6 51 94 0.84
Embodiment 7 47 91 0.91
Embodiment 8 39 96 0.81
Embodiment 9 53 96 0.79
Embodiment 10 45 88 0.95
The present invention is that the recovery of resource reuses, and for cost than relatively low, filtration treatment sewage effect is preferable.
Application case:The steel mill's waste residue composition for filtration treatment sewage for taking the embodiment of the present invention to prepare carries out as follows Using,
Case one:Take the sanitary wastewater gathered in sewage pond, wherein ss (particle suspensions) content 350mg/L, ammonia Nitrogen content 70.8mg/L, pH 9.0;Steel mill's waste residue composition for filtration treatment sewage prepared by the embodiment of the present invention 3 Sewage treatment tank tank mouth is fixed on, entrance sewage disposal groove tank by this kind of sanitary wastewater regulation pH to 3.0 and from bottom to top In, reaction time 60min, after being handled the ss of sanitary wastewater for≤20mg/L, ammonia nitrogen≤10ppm be 0.0010mg/L, its In, ss clearance >=94%.And typically located in advance by the way of grid in the sanitary wastewater processing in existing sewage pond Sewage is managed, the investment of this equipment is larger, and the later stage will also handle the harmful substances such as the ammonia nitrogen in waste water.
Steel mill's waste residue composition proportion for filtration treatment sewage prepared by the embodiment of the present invention 3 is less than the proportion of water, Therefore be suspended on the water surface, as long as processing waste water during by water from bottom to top enter sewage disposal groove tank in, it is possible to rise To the effect of filtering suspension;And when in use, because the present invention has a space, the peculiar smell in energy absorption effluent.
Case two:One cube of space is chosen, humidity is modulated 85%, prepared by the embodiment of the present invention 3 for being put into 0.5kg Steel mill's waste residue composition for filtration treatment sewage, stand 3 hours, the humidity in the space is reduced to 40%, and the present invention is real The steel mill's waste residue composition for filtration treatment sewage for applying the preparation of example 3 has the function that preferably to dehumidify.And existing technology Dehumidifier or Quick lime desiccant typically are used, quick lime substantially belongs to disposable products, dangerous;And the operation of dehumidifier Cost is higher.
Case three:Sewage in the production process of certain Bean Products Factory is taken, its ss content is 400g/L, is implemented by the present invention After steel mill's waste residue composition filtering absorption for filtration treatment sewage prepared by example 3, its ss content is 97g/L, ss's Clearance is 75.75%, small to the performance impact of product, and replacing construction is longer.And the suspension of existing technology Bean Products Factory (SS) by grid filtration, change frequently, need manually, to safeguard, to clear up, take time and effort every time.
Other unaccounted parts belong to prior art.

Claims (10)

1. steel mill's waste residue composition for filtration treatment sewage, it is characterised in that:Including steel mill's waste residue, quick lime and activity Charcoal;The dosage of steel mill's waste residue is 40-90 parts by weight, the dosage of quick lime is 1-20 parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon is 1- 20 parts.
2. steel mill's waste residue composition according to claim 1 for filtration treatment sewage, it is characterised in that:Also include chicken Eggshell.
3. steel mill's waste residue composition according to claim 2 for filtration treatment sewage, it is characterised in that:Given up by steel mill Slag, quick lime, activated carbon, egg shell composition;The dosage of steel mill's waste residue is 40-90 parts by weight, the dosage of quick lime is 1- 20 parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon are 1-20 parts;The dosage of egg shell is 1-10 parts by weight.
4. steel mill's waste residue composition according to claim 3 for filtration treatment sewage, it is characterised in that:The steel mill The dosage of waste residue is 50-80 parts by weight, the dosage of quick lime is 5-20 parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon is 5-20 parts;Egg shell Dosage be 2-9 parts by weight.
5. steel mill's waste residue composition according to claim 4 for filtration treatment sewage, it is characterised in that:The steel mill The dosage of waste residue is 65-75 parts by weight, the dosage of quick lime is 10-18 parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon is 10-20 parts;Egg The dosage of shell is 2-8 parts by weight.
6. steel mill's waste residue composition according to claim 5 for filtration treatment sewage, it is characterised in that:The steel mill The dosage of waste residue is 68-72 parts by weight, the dosage of quick lime is 14-16 parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon is 16-18 parts;Egg The dosage of shell is 5-7 parts by weight.
7. steel mill's waste residue composition according to claim 6 for filtration treatment sewage, it is characterised in that:The steel mill The dosage of waste residue is 70 parts by weight, the dosage of quick lime is 15 parts by weight, the dosage of activated carbon is 17 parts;The dosage of egg shell is 6 parts by weight.
8. steel mill's waste residue composition according to claim 7 for filtration treatment sewage, it is characterised in that:Steel mill's waste residue Vitreum content be more than or equal to 85%, specific surface area is more than or equal to 400m2/kg。
9. prepare steel mill's waste residue composition for filtration treatment sewage described in any one of claim 1 to 8 claim Method, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
Step 1:Crushed after steel mill's waste residue of the weight fraction, quick lime, activated carbon, egg shell are mixed, cross 80-100 mesh Mesh sieve, the mixture for crossing 80-100 mesh mesh sieves is put into after being mixed in mixer, adds suitable quantity of water and be well mixed;
Step 2:Mixture in step 1 is put into nodulizer and suppresses balling-up, the pressure of nodulizer is 200-300 MPas, temperature Spend for room temperature;
Step 3:Spherical mixture is put into dryer and dried, drying temperature is in 150-200 DEG C, normal pressure, is used for Steel mill's waste residue composition of filter processing sewage.
10. the method according to claim 9 for preparing steel mill's waste residue composition for filtration treatment sewage, its feature exist In:In step 2, a diameter of 2-4cm of mixture of balling-up is suppressed;The obtained steel mill's waste residue for being used for filtration treatment sewage of step 3 The adsorption rate of composition is 50-80%, and density is less than 1.0g/cm3, hydroscopicity is more than or equal to 50%.
CN201710922911.3A 2017-09-30 2017-09-30 Steel mill's waste residue composition for filtration treatment sewage and preparation method thereof CN107670638A (en)

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CN103028366A (en) * 2012-12-20 2013-04-10 江苏省交通科学研究院股份有限公司 Method for preparing composite absorbing filter material
CN103112963A (en) * 2013-01-15 2013-05-22 昆明理工大学 Acidolysis laterite nickel ore wastewater treatment and slag utilization method
CN105036325A (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-11-11 南京中创水务集团股份有限公司 Multi-phase reinforcement and guide type circular and anaerobic granulation reaction processing device
CN105060609A (en) * 2015-07-17 2015-11-18 中国科学院水生生物研究所 Deep treatment method and device for coalbed methane produced water
CN205035148U (en) * 2015-08-17 2016-02-17 南京中创水务集团股份有限公司 Circulation anaerobism miniaturation reaction processing apparatus is led to heterogeneous intensive branch
CN105858957A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-08-17 云南华云天朗环保有限责任公司 Method for treating polluted water by utilizing solid waste steel slag
CN106830125A (en) * 2017-03-13 2017-06-13 合肥智慧龙图腾知识产权股份有限公司 A kind of purifying agent for polluted water for processing dirty water pollutant and preparation method thereof

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN103028366A (en) * 2012-12-20 2013-04-10 江苏省交通科学研究院股份有限公司 Method for preparing composite absorbing filter material
CN103112963A (en) * 2013-01-15 2013-05-22 昆明理工大学 Acidolysis laterite nickel ore wastewater treatment and slag utilization method
CN105060609A (en) * 2015-07-17 2015-11-18 中国科学院水生生物研究所 Deep treatment method and device for coalbed methane produced water
CN105036325A (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-11-11 南京中创水务集团股份有限公司 Multi-phase reinforcement and guide type circular and anaerobic granulation reaction processing device
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