CN107626589A - A kind of multistage substep screening machine of short-pedicel aconite root seed - Google Patents

A kind of multistage substep screening machine of short-pedicel aconite root seed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107626589A
CN107626589A CN201710858039.0A CN201710858039A CN107626589A CN 107626589 A CN107626589 A CN 107626589A CN 201710858039 A CN201710858039 A CN 201710858039A CN 107626589 A CN107626589 A CN 107626589A
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box
short
winnowing box
winnowing
screening
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CN201710858039.0A
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冯飞鸽
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冯飞鸽
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of short-pedicel aconite root seed with multistage substep screening machine, including Winnowing box, screen box and damping substrate, the top of damping substrate is provided with Winnowing box and screen box, the bottom of damping substrate is uniformly provided with some supporting legs, the top of Winnowing box is provided with charging aperture, the scum pipe of through connection first at the top of the left-hand end of Winnowing box, the inner chamber right side wall of Winnowing box is fixedly connected with air jet system, the first screening net is provided with the middle part of the inner chamber of Winnowing box, the inner chamber left and right sidewall of screen box is equipped with supporting plate, the top of two supporting plates is provided with the second screening net, the bottom through connection discharge opening of screen box;The present invention removes the cauline leaf in seed and shrivelled seed impurity by setting air jet system to carry out selection by winnowing to seed;Screened, screened by setting the second screening net to carry out the impurity of larger particles, screening substep is carried out layer by layer, is cooperated again, is ensured that the impurity of seed is removed completely by setting the first screening net to carry out tiny solid particle polluter.

Description

A kind of multistage substep screening machine of short-pedicel aconite root seed
Technical field
The present invention relates to Chinese herbal medicine to plant processing technique field, and specially a kind of short-pedicel aconite root seed is sieved with multistage substep Select machine.
Background technology
Short-pedicel aconite root also known as aconitum brachypodum, belong to Ranunculaceae aconitum plant, be distributed mainly on Yunnan, Sichuan, Tibet etc. Save.Because short-pedicel aconite root rhizome is containing a variety of alkaloids such as bullatine Bs, it is used to treat rheumatalgia pain, bruise damage among the people Wound, analgesia etc., are the important medical materials in China, but with utilization of the modern medicine to short-pedicel aconite root, upper one of snow The wild storage of wormwood artemisia is reduced rapidly, it has also become endangered species, artificial cultivation are to protect resource, the effective way of utility.
Short-pedicel aconite root first, second, third, D prime have an analgesic activity, and the analgesic activity of Aconitum flavum Hand-Mazz total alkaloid is stronger; 3-acetylaconitine is a kind of not habituation analgestic, to inflammatory swelling, is oozed out and cotton balls granulation hyperplasia etc. has obvious suppression Effect;There is Aconitum flavum Hand-Mazz total alkali stronger local anaesthesia to act on;Short-pedicel aconite root has approximate digitalis sample to act on to the frog heart, Its caused cardiac dysfunction, can be by atropine antagonism;Alpine yallow herb first, second is acted in aconitine sample the heart;Aconitum nagarum has anti-swollen Knurl acts on;Songorine and anepline have Antifertility Activity;Aconitum Szechenyianum Gay can cause arrhythmia cordis and drop in blood pressure.
In short-pedicel aconite root planting process, more methods using the direct program request plantation of seed, full grains are generally chosen, Seed of uniform size carries out Pregermination and seedling breeding.Due to its seed gather in and drying process in be usually mixed with stone, mud etc. heavier Impurity and the lighter impurity such as stem, leaf, flat shell, weed seed, silt, influence seed quality.Mainly use vibratory sieve at present Sieve aperture by short-pedicel aconite root carry out impurity seed separation, the structure of reciprocating sieve is simple, can only screen fraction stone less than normal, soil Block and silt, but the seed inferior of the impurity bigger than normal than seed and light weight can not be screened out etc., while be also mixed with seed Stem, leaf can not also screen out in time, so as to influence the quality of the nursery of follow-up Chinese medicine.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of short-pedicel aconite root seed with multistage substep screening machine, to solve above-mentioned background The problem of being proposed in technology.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of multistage substep screening machine of short-pedicel aconite root seed, including Winnowing box, screen box and damping substrate, damping substrate Top is provided with Winnowing box and screen box, and Winnowing box is fixedly connected on the right-hand member of screen box, and the bottom of damping substrate is uniformly provided with Some supporting legs, the top of Winnowing box are provided with charging aperture, the top through connection loading hopper of charging aperture, the left-hand end top of Winnowing box The scum pipe of through connection first, the other end through connection air filtration cylinder of the first scum pipe, the inner chamber of air filtration cylinder are provided with gear screen cloth, gear Screen cloth is to be obliquely installed, and gear screen cloth is corresponding with the first scum pipe in the horizontal direction, the top through connection exhaust of air filtration cylinder Cylinder, the scum pipe of bottom through connection the 3rd of air filtration cylinder, the inner chamber right side wall of Winnowing box are fixedly connected with air jet system, the first jet Device is corresponding with the first scum pipe in the horizontal direction, and some air nozzles, Winnowing box are uniformly provided with the first air jet system Right-hand end be fixedly connected with blower fan, blower fan is provided with first by tracheae and air jet system through connection in the middle part of the inner chamber of Winnowing box Net is screened, the scum pipe of bottom through connection second of Winnowing box, the bottom of the second scum pipe, which penetrates damping substrate and overhang, to be subtracted Basic lower section is shaken, the left side wall of Winnowing box is communicated with hole, and intercommunicating pore is corresponding with the least significant end of the first screening net, Winnowing box Pass through intercommunicating pore and screen box through connection;The inner chamber left and right sidewall of screen box is equipped with supporting plate, and supporting plate is to be obliquely installed, The angle of inclination of two supporting plates is identical, and the abutting end of supporting plate is uniformly provided with some vibrations holes, shakes in hole and is provided with Conductor rod, it is to be slidably connected to shake between hole and guide rod, and guide rod is fixedly connected with spring close to one end of vibrations hole endoporus, The other end of spring is fixed on the inner hole wall in vibrations hole, and the top of two supporting plates is provided with the second screening net, the second screening net It is to be slidably connected between supporting plate, is provided with supporting plate at left and right sides of the bottom of the second screening net, the other end of guide rod is fixed It is connected on connecting plate, the center bottom of the second screening net is provided with vibrator, the bottom through connection discharge opening of screen box, discharging The bottom through connection damping substrate in hole and overhanging is fixed in the lower section of damping substrate, intercommunicating pore close to one end bottom of screen box Deflector is connected, the left-hand end of screen box is provided with mud hole, and mud hole is corresponding with the least significant end of the second screening net.
Further, the bottom of damping substrate is uniformly provided with 4 or 6 supporting legs.
Further, the bottom wall of the first scum pipe is arcuate structure design.
Further, the first screening net arcuate structure design convex under being.
Further, the mesh size of the first screening net is less than the particle size of short-pedicel aconite root seed.
Further, the mesh size of the second screening net is more than the particle size of short-pedicel aconite root seed.
Further, deflector is to be obliquely installed, and the lowermost end in the vertical direction of deflector is relative with the second screening net Should.
Compared with prior art, the present invention removes the cauline leaf in seed by setting air jet system to carry out selection by winnowing to seed With shrivelled seed impurity;Screened by setting the first screening net to carry out tiny solid particle polluter, by setting the second screening Net carries out the impurity screening of larger particles, and screening substep is carried out layer by layer, is cooperated again, is ensured that the impurity of seed is gone completely Remove, ensure the screening quality of seed.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the multistage substep screening machine of short-pedicel aconite root seed of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation of the short-pedicel aconite root seed air filtration cylinder of multistage substep screening machine of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a kind of structural representation of the short-pedicel aconite root seed supporting plate of multistage substep screening machine of the present invention.
In figure:1- Winnowing boxes, 2- screen boxes, 3- loading hoppers, the scum pipes of 4- first, 5- air filtration cylinders, 51- gear screen clothes, 52- rows Inflator, the scum pipes of 53- the 3rd, 6- air jet systems, 7- air nozzles, 8- blower fans, 81- tracheaes, 9- first screen net, 10- damping bases Plate, the scum pipes of 11- second, 12- intercommunicating pores, 13- supporting plates, 14- vibrations hole, 15- springs, 16- guide rods, 17- connecting plates, 18- vibrators, 19- second screen net, 20- discharge nozzles, 21- mud holes, 22- supporting legs, 23- deflectors.
Embodiment
The technical scheme of this patent is described in more detail with reference to embodiment.
Refer to Fig. 1~3, a kind of multistage substep screening machine of short-pedicel aconite root seed, including Winnowing box 1, the and of screen box 2 Damping substrate 10, the top of the damping substrate 10 are provided with Winnowing box 1 and screen box 2, and the Winnowing box 1 is fixedly connected on screening The right-hand member of case 2, the bottom of the damping substrate 10 are uniformly provided with some supporting legs 22, and the top of the Winnowing box 1 is provided with charging Hole, the top through connection loading hopper 3 of the charging aperture, the left-hand end top scum pipe of through connection first of the Winnowing box 1 4, the bottom wall of first scum pipe 4 is arcuate structure design, and the other end through connection air filtration cylinder 5 of the first scum pipe 4 is described The inner chamber of air filtration cylinder 5 be provided with gear screen cloth 51, it is described gear screen cloth 51 be to be obliquely installed, gear screen cloth 51 in the horizontal direction with first row Slag pipe 4 is corresponding, the top through connection aiutage 52 of the air filtration cylinder 5, the scum pipe of bottom through connection the 3rd of air filtration cylinder 5 53, the inner chamber right side wall of the Winnowing box 1 is fixedly connected with air jet system 6, and first air jet system 6 is in the horizontal direction with One scum pipe 4 is corresponding, and some air nozzles 7 are uniformly provided with the first air jet system 6, and the right-hand end of the Winnowing box 1 is fixed Connecting fan 8, the blower fan 8 are provided with the by tracheae 81 and the through connection of air jet system 6, in the middle part of the inner chamber of the Winnowing box 1 One screening net 9, the first screening net 9 arcuate structure design convex under being, the mesh size of the first screening net 9 are less than snow upper one The particle size of branch wormwood artemisia seed, the second scum pipe of bottom through connection 11 of the Winnowing box 1, the bottom of second scum pipe 11 End penetrates damping substrate 10 and overhang is communicated with hole 12 in the lower section of damping basic 10, the left side wall of the Winnowing box 1, connects Hole 12 is corresponding with the least significant end of the first screening net 9, and the Winnowing box 1 passes through intercommunicating pore 12 and the through connection of screen box 2;It is described The inner chamber left and right sidewall of screen box 2 is equipped with supporting plate 13, and the supporting plate 13 is to be obliquely installed, the inclination of two supporting plates 13 Angle is identical, and the abutting end of supporting plate 13 is uniformly provided with some vibrations holes 14, and conductor rod is provided with the vibrations hole 14 16, it is to be slidably connected to shake between hole 14 and guide rod 16, and guide rod 16 is fixedly connected with close to one end of the vibrations endoporus of hole 14 Spring 15, the other end of the spring 15 are fixed on the inner hole wall in vibrations hole 14, and the top of two supporting plates 13 is provided with Second screening net 19, the mesh size of the second screening net 19 are more than the particle size of short-pedicel aconite root seed, the second screening It is to be slidably connected between net 19 and supporting plate 13, supporting plate 17, the guiding is provided with left and right sides of the bottom of the second screening net 19 The other end of bar 16 is fixedly connected on connecting plate 17, and the center bottom of the second screening net 19 is provided with vibrator 18, described The bottom through connection discharge opening 20 of screen box 2, the bottom through connection damping substrate 10 of the discharge opening 20 and overhanging are subtracting The lower section of substrate 10 is shaken, the intercommunicating pore 12 is fixedly connected with deflector 23, the deflector 23 close to one end bottom of screen box 2 It is to be obliquely installed, the lowermost end in the vertical direction of deflector 23 is corresponding with the second screening net 19, the left side of the screen box 2 End is provided with mud hole 21, and the mud hole 21 is corresponding with the least significant end of the second screening net 19.
The present invention is in use, seed is added in Winnowing box 1 from loading hopper 3, and seed is during free-falling, spray The high velocity air that device of air 6 sprays is acted directly on the seed of free-falling, the cauline leaf of seed specific admixture and shrivelled seed First scum pipe 4 is blown into by air-flow, subsequently into air filtration cylinder 5, in air filtration cylinder 5 gear screen cloth 51 filter cauline leaf in gas and Shrivelled seed, gas is directly discharged by aiutage 52, and cauline leaf and shrivelled seed are discharged by the 3rd scum pipe 53;Kind Son drops when on the first screening net 9, carries out primary screening to seed, the fine solid particles thing of seed kind is removed, after screening Seed through intercommunicating pore 12 enter screen box 2 in, second screening net 19 on carry out postsearch screening, seed, which directly drops, to be screened The bottom cavity of case 2, then discharged by discharge nozzle 20, what is retained on the second screening net 19 is the impurity of bulky grain, through mud hole 21 Discharge.
The better embodiment of this patent is explained in detail above, but this patent is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment party Formula, can also be on the premise of this patent objective not be departed from one skilled in the relevant art's possessed knowledge Various changes can be made.

Claims (7)

1. the multistage substep screening machine of a kind of short-pedicel aconite root seed, it is characterised in that including Winnowing box(1), screen box(2)With Damping substrate(10), damping substrate(10)Top be provided with Winnowing box(1)And screen box(2), Winnowing box(1)It is fixedly connected on sieve Select case(2)Right-hand member, damping substrate(10)Bottom be uniformly provided with some supporting legs(22), Winnowing box(1)Top be provided with plus Expect hole, the top through connection loading hopper of charging aperture(3), Winnowing box(1)Left-hand end at the top of the scum pipe of through connection first (4), the first scum pipe(4)Other end through connection air filtration cylinder(5), air filtration cylinder(5)Inner chamber be provided with gear screen cloth(51), gear sieve Net(51)It is to be obliquely installed, keeps off screen cloth(51)In the horizontal direction with the first scum pipe(4)It is corresponding, air filtration cylinder(5)Top Through connection aiutage(52), air filtration cylinder(5)The scum pipe of bottom through connection the 3rd(53), Winnowing box(1)Inner chamber on the right side of Wall is fixedly connected with air jet system(6), the first air jet system(6)In the horizontal direction with the first scum pipe(4)It is corresponding, the first spray Device of air(6)On be uniformly provided with some air nozzles(7), Winnowing box(1)Right-hand end be fixedly connected with blower fan(8), blower fan(8)It is logical Cross tracheae(81)With air jet system(6)Through connection, Winnowing box(1)Inner chamber in the middle part of be provided with first screening net(9), Winnowing box (1)The scum pipe of bottom through connection second(11), the second scum pipe(11)Bottom insertion damping substrate(10)And overhang Damping is basic(10)Lower section, Winnowing box(1)Left side wall be communicated with hole(12), intercommunicating pore(12)With the first screening net(9) Least significant end it is corresponding, Winnowing box(1)Pass through intercommunicating pore(12)With screen box(2)Through connection;Screen box(2)Inner chamber or so Side wall is equipped with supporting plate(13), supporting plate(13)It is to be obliquely installed, two supporting plates(13)Angle of inclination it is identical, branch Fagging(13)Abutting end be uniformly provided with some vibrations holes(14), shake hole(14)It is interior to be provided with conductor rod(16), shake hole (14)With guide rod(16)Between be to be slidably connected, guide rod(16)Close to vibrations hole(14)One end of endoporus is fixedly connected with bullet Spring(15), spring(15)The other end be fixed on vibrations hole(14)Inner hole wall on, two supporting plates(13)Top be provided with the Two screening nets(19), the second screening net(19)With supporting plate(13)Between be to be slidably connected, second screening net(19)Bottom it is left Right both sides are provided with supporting plate(17), guide rod(16)The other end be fixedly connected on connecting plate(17)On, the second screening net(19) Center bottom be provided with vibrator(18), screen box(2)Bottom through connection discharge opening(20), discharge opening(20)Bottom pass through Lead to and connect damping substrate(10)And overhang in damping substrate(10)Lower section, intercommunicating pore(12)Close to screen box(2)One end bottom Portion is fixedly connected with deflector(23), screen box(2)Left-hand end be provided with mud hole(21), mud hole(21)With the second screening net (19)Least significant end it is corresponding.
A kind of 2. multistage substep screening machine of short-pedicel aconite root seed according to claim 1, it is characterised in that damping base Plate(10)Bottom be uniformly provided with(4)It is individual or(6)Individual supporting leg(22).
A kind of 3. multistage substep screening machine of short-pedicel aconite root seed according to claim 1, it is characterised in that first row Slag pipe(4)Bottom wall be arcuate structure design.
A kind of 4. multistage substep screening machine of short-pedicel aconite root seed according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the first sieve Network selection(9)Convex arcuate structure design under being.
A kind of 5. multistage substep screening machine of short-pedicel aconite root seed according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the first sieve Network selection(9)Mesh size be less than short-pedicel aconite root seed particle size.
A kind of 6. multistage substep screening machine of short-pedicel aconite root seed according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the second sieve Network selection(19)Mesh size be more than short-pedicel aconite root seed particle size.
A kind of 7. multistage substep screening machine of short-pedicel aconite root seed according to claim 1, it is characterised in that deflector (23)It is to be obliquely installed, deflector(23)Lowermost end in the vertical direction and second screening net(19)It is corresponding.
CN201710858039.0A 2017-09-21 2017-09-21 A kind of multistage substep screening machine of short-pedicel aconite root seed Withdrawn CN107626589A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108636800A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-10-12 长沙集智创新工业设计有限公司 A kind of rice pneumatic separation device based on magnetic field separation screening technology
CN108811559A (en) * 2018-04-13 2018-11-16 邓守炳 A kind of multifunction rotavator that using effect is good
CN108856176A (en) * 2018-05-03 2018-11-23 王丽燕 A kind of medical treatment medicinal material dust-extraction unit
CN109530233A (en) * 2018-11-26 2019-03-29 安徽省阜阳永祥良种服务有限责任公司 A kind of wheat seed screening plant
CN109588085A (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-04-09 南县伟业机械制造有限公司 A kind of transport formula manipulator and the rape seeding machine using the manipulator
CN111672757A (en) * 2020-04-15 2020-09-18 王芙蓉 Screening-cleaning function integrated equipment for processing traditional Chinese medicinal materials
CN112774986A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-05-11 酒泉凯地农业科技开发有限公司 Seed processing is with having categorised filterable for fine breed screening feed mechanism

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108811559A (en) * 2018-04-13 2018-11-16 邓守炳 A kind of multifunction rotavator that using effect is good
CN108856176A (en) * 2018-05-03 2018-11-23 王丽燕 A kind of medical treatment medicinal material dust-extraction unit
CN108636800A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-10-12 长沙集智创新工业设计有限公司 A kind of rice pneumatic separation device based on magnetic field separation screening technology
CN109588085A (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-04-09 南县伟业机械制造有限公司 A kind of transport formula manipulator and the rape seeding machine using the manipulator
CN109530233A (en) * 2018-11-26 2019-03-29 安徽省阜阳永祥良种服务有限责任公司 A kind of wheat seed screening plant
CN111672757A (en) * 2020-04-15 2020-09-18 王芙蓉 Screening-cleaning function integrated equipment for processing traditional Chinese medicinal materials
CN112774986A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-05-11 酒泉凯地农业科技开发有限公司 Seed processing is with having categorised filterable for fine breed screening feed mechanism

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Application publication date: 20180126