CN107622463A - Test paper making and automatic test paper marking system and method - Google Patents

Test paper making and automatic test paper marking system and method Download PDF

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CN107622463A
CN107622463A CN201710892061.7A CN201710892061A CN107622463A CN 107622463 A CN107622463 A CN 107622463A CN 201710892061 A CN201710892061 A CN 201710892061A CN 107622463 A CN107622463 A CN 107622463A
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information
table
paper
input
papers
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CN201710892061.7A
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张鹏
林滨
吴琼英
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张鹏
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Abstract

The invention discloses a test paper making and automatic test paper marking system and method. The system comprises a question bank, a test paper making platform and an automatic test paper marking machine. Through the system, test paper making and automatic test paper marking are combined into a whole so as to solve the problem that test paper information needs to be identified under a situationthat automatic test paper marking is independently carried out. The system comprehensively applies the following technologies of question feature labeling, graph code marking, image scanning processing, handwriting identification, image printing and the like. The automatic test paper marking without answer sheets is realized, a test paper marking trace is left on the test paper, wrong questions on the test paper of a student are subjected to automatic statistics, a knowledge point mastering situation is subjected to statistics, and therefore, teachers can carry out collection, analysis and feedback on the basis of the examination data of students so as to provide targeted teaching.

Description

一种出卷及自动阅卷系统及方法 And one kind of an automatic roll marking system and method

技术领域^ FIELD ^

[0001] 本发明涉及教育大数据采集领域,特别是针对考试数据收集与阅卷自动化的一套系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to large data acquisition field of education, especially for data collection and examination of a scoring system automation.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 全面准确的掌握学生对课堂讲授知识理解的程度,对于实现针对性教学和个性化学习意义重大。 [0002] fully and accurately grasp the extent of students' understanding of classroom teaching knowledge, to achieve the aim of teaching and individualized learning is significant. 而老师收集学生知识点掌握情况的主要方式为课堂交互,作业和考试,其中考试的方式具有全面性与客观性的特点,因此分析与统计考卷成为老师收集学情的重要方式。 The main way students and teachers gather knowledge to grasp the situation of classroom interaction, assignments and exams, which test mode has a comprehensive and objective characteristics, statistical analysis and therefore the teacher collected the papers an important way of learning situation becomes.

[0003]当前也有很多收集考试中答题信息的方法与设备,主要有3大类形式:答题卡方式,无纸化试卷,自动阅卷。 [0003] Current methods and equipment have also collected a lot of information to answer the exam, there are three main categories of forms: the answer sheet mode, paperless papers, automatic marking. 对于普通义务教育阶段的学校,前两种方式很难在平常的大量的考试中进行实用。 For ordinary compulsory school, the first two methods in a large number of difficult practical examination in the usual. 而各类自动阅卷方法基本上基于扫描+识别技术,识别阶段大致分为有答题模板和无答题模板。 The method of marking the various types of automatic identification technology is substantially based on the scan +, identification phase roughly divided into no answer and answer templates templates. 无模板方式对于识别技术的智能要求非常高,技术实现比较困难; 而现有的模板方式对于模板的生成没有提出合理办法,如果针对每套试卷人工生成模板, 则无形中增加了老师的工作量。 Template-free way for intelligent recognition technology requirements are very high, technology is more difficult; and the existing template to generate a template for the way no reasonable way, if artificially generated template for each paper, then potentially increasing teacher workload . 另外,现有的自动阅卷方法无法在试卷上留下阅卷痕迹,需要二次手工誊抄才能将阅卷信息与试卷本身合二为一,这本身也是一个问题。 In addition, the existing automatic scoring method can not leave marks on the paper marking, the need for secondary manual transcriptions to the marking information combined with the paper itself, which in itself is a problem.

[0004]由此,开发一种高效方便,针对日常考试场景下的基于自动阅卷方式的学情采集系统并能自动在试卷上生成判卷痕迹,是非常有必要的。 [0004] Thus, the development of a convenient and efficient, and can automatically generate marks on paper graders learning situation for the acquisition system based on automatic marking under way everyday scene examination, it is very necessary.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005]为了能够方便高效的收集学生考试答题情况以及减轻老师阅卷的工作量,本发明将出卷和自动阅卷过程整体考虑,综合计算机技术,网络技术,扫描技术,图像识别技术,打印技术等,提供一种出卷及自动阅卷系统及方法。 [0005] In order to facilitate an efficient collection exam students answer the teacher as well as to alleviate the workload of marking, the present invention is an automatic roll marking process and considered as a whole, integrated computer technology, network technology, scanning, image recognition technology, printing technology, provide a volume and an automatic marking system and method.

[0006]本发明采用如下技术方案来实现:一种出卷及自动阅卷系统,该系统将出卷与自动阅卷整体进行考虑,并在自动阅卷过程中完成答题数据的采集,该系统包括:题库、出卷平台和自动阅卷机; [0006] The present invention adopts the following technical solution to achieve: one kind of the roll and the automatic scoring system, the system will automatically marking with an overall volume considered, and the answer data acquired complete automatic marking process, the system comprising: Exam , the volume and automatic scoring machine platform;

[0007]所述题库中的题目信息包括题目描述、题目可选答案、题目标准答案、主观题/客观题和答题区尺寸,每个题目具有题目编号; [0007] The title information includes the title exam description, title optional answers, the title standard answer subjective questions / answer objective questions and domain size, each title having a title number;

[0008]所述出卷平台设置输入标签,所述输入标签由输入区和与之紧邻的编号区组成, 输入区为手写填写区,编号区内编号为平台自动生成,编号用于确定输入标签;出卷平台对于选定的题目按试卷幅面尺寸的信息进行自动排版,排版方法如下: [0008] The roll platform provided an input tag, the tag input from the input area immediately adjacent thereto and the number of areas, on a handwriting input area fill zone, zone number generated automatically numbered platform, for determining the input label number ; platform for the topics selected volume automatic typesetting, layout information follows according to the size of the paper web:

[0009] (1)生成试卷号以及对应试卷号的图码,并将图码放置在试卷的固定边角位置上, 试卷号具有唯一性; [0009] (1) corresponding to FIG papers generated code number and the number of papers, and placed in a fixed code FIG corner position on the paper, paper number is unique;

[0010] (2)生成位于卷面至少三个边角空白处的定位标记,该定位标记用于确认实际印刷试卷尺寸与原始电子试卷尺寸之间的缩放比例以及电子试卷图像变形纠正处理; [0010] (2) generating at least three alignment marks located noodles corners of the blank, the positioning mark for confirming an image scaling, and deformation correction processing electronic papers between the actual printing paper size of the original size of the electronic paper;

[0011] CB)生成考生基本信息和总分栏的输入标签,并放置在试卷标题栏处;所述考生基本信息包括姓名、班级、年级、学号等; [0011] CB) generates input information and the tag candidates out of the basic bar and the papers placed on the title bar; the examinee's information including name, class, grade, student number, etc.;

[0012] 对于客观题,在需要填写答案空白处插入输入标签; [0012] For objective questions, the answers need to fill in blanks inserted into the input label;

[0013] (5)对于主观题,在题目合适位置(如题末尾处)添加输入分数的输入标签; [0013] (5) For subjective questions, add input tag in the title input fraction place (e.g., at the end of the title);

[0014] ⑹对于试卷内的所有输入标签,统一配以标签编号,标签编号在试卷范围内具有唯一性; [0014] ⑹ for all papers within the input tag, the tag together with the uniform number, label number unique in the range of papers;

[G015]所述出卷平台对于确认好排版布局的试卷,生成一张关于该试卷的卷面定位标记以及各个输入标签坐标位置与尺寸的表,该表即为试卷对应的输入标签区域定位信息表, 以下简称定位信息表; [G015] out of the paper roll good platform to confirm the layout of the layout, the table generating an alignment mark on the paper noodles, and each input coordinate position and the size of the label, the label is an input to the table region corresponding to the positioning information Paper table, hereinafter referred to as location information table;

[0016]所述出卷平台对于确认好排版布局的试卷,生成一张包含该试卷内题目编号、分值、题目标准答案与输入标签编号的对应关系的表,该表即为试卷对应的输入标签与题目关联表,以下简称题目关联表; [0016] The confirmation for the paper roll platform The layout of the good, within the paper comprising generating a title number, value, the correspondence between the subject and the standard answer input label number, that is the table corresponding to the input paper associated with the topic tag table, hereinafter referred to as the subject association table;

[0017]定位信息表与题目关联表是完成后续自动阅卷的关键信息,它们通过试卷号进行检索; [0017] Location information table associated with the title information table is crucial for subsequent automatic marking of paper they are retrieved by number;

[0018]学生直接在试卷上进行答题,无需答题卡,答题方式与普通试卷完全相同; [0018] students to answer directly on paper, without having to answer sheet, answer the exact same way with ordinary papers;

[0019]阅卷过程分为主观题阅卷和客观题阅卷两部分,首先由老师完成所有试卷的主观题阅卷,再由自动阅卷机完成客观题阅卷; [0019] scoring process is divided into subjective and objective scoring title scoring title in two parts, first by the teacher to complete all subjective questions marking the papers, and then completed by the automatic scoring machine scoring of objective questions;

[0020]主观题阅卷中,老师直接在试卷上进行批改,并将分数填写在各个主观题对应的输入标签的输入区内; [0020] subjective questions marking the teacher marking carried out directly on the paper, and fill in all scores subjective questions corresponding input area input tag;

[0021] 所述自动阅卷机由送纸机构、扫描模块、网络模块、图像识别模块、判卷图像生成模块和打印模块等部分组成,由它完成客观题阅卷、主观题分数识别、总分计算、答题统计、 阅卷图案打印、答题信息上传等功能; [0021] The automatic scoring machine by the paper feed mechanism section, the scanning module, the network module, an image recognition module, graders image generation module and a print module composed by scoring it completes objective questions, subjective questions recognition score, score calculation , the answer to statistics, scoring pattern printing, the answer information upload functions;

[0022] 自动阅卷机的送纸机构将试卷逐张地送入扫描模块中,以获得试卷扫描图像; Paper feed mechanism [0022] The automatic scoring machine papers will be fed by one scanning module to obtain a scanned image of paper;

[0023] 自动阅卷机的图像识别模块首先对试卷扫描图像中的4个角部进行识别,以确认试卷号图码对应的试卷号和卷面定位标记位置,通过网络模块查询试卷号对应的定位信息表与题目关联表; [0023] The automatic scoring machine image recognition module first portion of the four corners of the papers identified in the scanned image, to identify code corresponding to FIG papers number and number of papers Juanmian registration mark, a query number corresponding to the positioning of the papers through the network module title information table associated with the table;

[0024]自动阅卷机的图像识别模块对比试卷扫描图像中卷面定位标记的坐标位置与该试卷定位信息表中记录的坐标位置,形成两个坐标系转换的比例尺,该比例尺将用于将定位信息表中的坐标值转换为试卷扫描图像中的坐标值; [0024] The image recognition module scanned image contrast papers noodles positioning mark automatic scoring machine coordinate position and the coordinate position of the recording paper in the location information table, the scale formation of two coordinate systems, for positioning the scale information table coordinate values ​​into a coordinate value of paper in the scanned image;

[0025]自动阅卷机为每份待识别处理的试卷生成一张成绩记录表,该表中记录该试卷答题学生的考生基本信息(包括学号、年级)、试卷号、各个题目得分等信息; [0025] Automatic marking machine for the recognition process per paper to be generating a track record table, answer candidates to the basic information of the student's paper (including school, grade), paper number, the score of each title information recorded in the table;

[0026] 自动阅卷机的图像识别模块依照试卷定位信息表中的信息和比例尺将试卷扫描图像中的各个输入标签区域的图像“抠出”并对输入标签的输入区与编码区进行识别,依照编码区识别信息类型进行分别处理: [0026] The automatic scoring machine in accordance with an image recognition module papers positioning information table and the image information of each label area papers input scanned image scale "cutout" input region and the coding region of the identification tag, in accordance with coding region identification information types are processed:

[0027] (1)编码区为考生基本信息(姓名、学号、年级等)的,直接将识别出的信息添加到成绩记录表中; [0027] (1) the coding region of the basic information of the candidate information (name, school, grades, etc.) directly added to the identified track record table;

[0028] (2)编码区识别为客观题的,根据其编号在题目关联表中查询答案,对输入区的识别内容进行判定,最后将判定结果添加到成绩记录表中; [0028] (2) identified as the coding region of the objective questions, according to its title number in the association table query answer, the input contents of the identification zone of the determination, the determination result is added to the final score record table;

[0029] ⑶编码区识别为主观题的,将输入区识别的分数填入到成绩记录表中,其中输入区的分数是老师在主观题阅卷过程中手写填入的;所有输入标签识别完毕后,依照各个题目的分值和对错信息进行总分计算,并将总分填入到成绩记录表中,该成绩记录表将通过网络模块传输至服务器上,形成该生该试卷的答题信息记录; [0029] ⑶ coding region identified as subjective questions, the input area identifying filled into fractional track record table, where the fraction of the input zone is a teacher in the marking process handwritten subjective question filled; tag identification is completed after all of the input , a score value is calculated in accordance with right and wrong information of each subject, and to fill out the track record of the table, the table records the results to the server, the green form of the answer information recording paper is transmitted through the network module ;

[0030]自动阅卷机的判卷图像生成模块根据试卷扫描图像、比例尺与定位信息表中的信息,生成一个打印尺寸与实际试卷尺寸一致的阅卷痕迹图像,再根据成绩记录表中的答题数据并依照定位信息表中各个输入标签的坐标位置信息,在阅卷痕迹图像的对应坐标位置上生成表达判卷结果的图案,具体过程如下:1)在成绩记录表中查询某客观题的答题信息; 2)根据定位信息表中该题输入标签的定位信息以及比例尺计算出在阅卷痕迹图像上该题目输入标签对应的位置,该位置即为该题目的阅卷标记点位置;3)根据该题的答题信息及其阅卷标记点位置信息,在阅卷痕迹图像上添加表达该题阅卷结果的图案,如“ V ”图案表示正确,“X”图案表示错误,对所有的客观题进行1) -3)的步骤,完成所有客观题的阅卷标记添加过程;4)在总分栏对应的阅卷标记点位置上添加 [0030] Automatic marking machine graders image generation module according to the image information scanned papers, dimensions and location information table, generates a print image scoring mark consistent with the size of the actual paper size, then the answer data in accordance with results recorded in the table and in accordance with the coordinate position information of the respective input location information tag table, generates an image corresponding coordinate positions of the marks on the marking pattern of expression graders result, the specific process is as follows: 1) an information query answer objective questions in table track record; 2 ) according to the positioning location information of the title information table input position on the label and the image of the subject mark marking label corresponding to the input scale is calculated, which position is the position of the marker marking the subject; 3) the answer to the question information its marker marking point position information, the expression of the added problem scoring result marks on the marking image patterns such as "V" pattern represents the right, "X" indicates an error pattern, for objective questions for all 1) to 3) the step of complete all objective questions during the addition scoring mark; 4) Add marker marking column corresponding to the position out of 分数图案;综合以上步骤,生成完整的一张阅卷痕迹打印图像; Score pattern; Based on the above steps to generate a complete image of a scoring mark printing;

[0031]自动阅卷机的送纸机构将完成判卷图像步骤的试卷运送到打印模块中,在试卷上打印出判卷结果图像并输送出自动阅卷机,从而完成整个自动阅卷过程。 Paper feed mechanism [0031] The automatic scoring machine will complete the image graders paper conveyed to the printing step module, print out the results of the image on the paper graders and an automatic marking machine conveyor, thus completing the entire automatic marking process.

[0032]进一步地,该系统还包括答题统计分析平台,题库中的题目信息还包括标签信息; 所述标签信息为该题目的特征信息,由老师根据需要进行设置,其数量与内容不固定,如: 知识点要素,难度值,出现单元等;答题统计分析平台根据老师的输入将符合设定条件的题目从题库中筛选出来,并可按照试题的标签项进行各项分类统计,以便高效而精准的获得学生对知识点的掌握信息,从而为后续的针对性教学提供支持。 [0032] Further, the system further comprises a clicker statistical analysis platform, the title information exam further comprises tag information; feature information of the tag information for the subject, is set as required by the teacher, the number of which content is not fixed, such as: knowledge elements, the difficulty value, unit, etc. appears; answer statistical analysis platform based on the teacher's input will comply with the conditions set topic filter out from the item bank, and can be classified according to statistics the tab key questions in order to efficiently and obtain accurate information on students to master knowledge, providing support for the follow-targeted teaching.

[0033] —种出卷及自动阅卷方法,该方法包括以下步骤: [0033] - the volume and kind of automatic marking, the method comprising the steps of:

[0034] (1)建立题库:题库中的题目信息包括题目描述、题目可选答案、题目标准答案、主观题/客观题和答题区尺寸,每个题目具有题目编号; [0034] (1) establishing exam: Exam title information includes the title description, title optional answers, the title standard answer subjective questions / answer objective questions and domain size, each title having a title number;

[0035] (2)出卷平台设置输入标签并进行自行排版:所述输入标签由输入区和与之紧邻的编号区组成;出卷平台对于选定的题目按试卷幅面尺寸的信息进行自动排版,排版方法如下: [0035] (2) the volume setting input internet layout tab and its own: the input by the input tag region immediately adjacent thereto and the zone composed of numbers; platform for a roll topics selected by the automatic layout information of the paper size format , layout follows:

[0036] (2.1)生成试卷号以及对应试卷号的图码,并将图码放置在试卷的固定边角位置上; [0036] (2.1) and the corresponding numbers in FIG papers generated code number of papers, and placed in a fixed code FIG corner positions on the papers;

[0037] (2.2)生成位于卷面至少三个边角空白处的定位标记,该定位标记用于确认实际印刷试卷尺寸与原始电子试卷尺寸之间的缩放比例; [0037] (2.2) to generate the at least three positioning markers located noodles corners of the blank, the positioning mark is used to confirm the scaling between actual printing paper size of the original size of the electronic paper;

[0038] (2.3)生成考生基本信息和总分栏的输入标签,并放置在试卷标题栏处; [0038] (2.3) generates an input candidate tag and out of the basic information field and placed in the papers on the title bar;

[0039] (2.4)对于客观题,在需要填写答案空白处插入输入标签; [0039] (2.4) for objective questions, the answers need to fill in blanks inserted into the input label;

[0040] (2 • 5)对于主观题,在题目合适位置添加输入分数的输入标签; [0040] (2 • 5) For subjective questions, add input tag in the title input fraction place;

[0041] (3)出卷平台生成定位信息表和题目关联表:对于确认好排版布局的试卷,生成一张关于该试卷的卷面定位标记以及各个输入标签坐标位置与尺寸的表,记为定位信息表; 同时生成一张包含该试卷内题目编号、分值、题目标准答案与输入标签编号的对应关系的表,记为题目关联表;定位信息表与题目关联表通过试卷号进行检索; [0041] (3) the volume information table and the positioning platform generates an association table Title: The layout of an acknowledgment of good paper, generating a table of the positioning marks on paper noodles, and each input coordinate position and the size of the label, referred to as Location information table; while generating a table containing a correspondence between the title number of the papers, value, subject to the standard answer input label number, referred to as the subject association table; location information table associated with the topic is retrieved by table number papers;

[0042] ⑷学生在试卷上进行答题,无需答题卡,答题方式与普通试卷相同; [0042] ⑷ students answer on paper, without having to answer sheet, answer the same way as ordinary papers;

[0043] (5)主观题阅卷:由老师完成所有试卷的主观题阅卷,老师直接在试卷上进行批改,并将分数填写在各个主观题对应的输入标签的输入区内; L〇〇44]⑹通过目功网卷机元成客观题阅卷、主观题分数识别及总分计算,具体包括以下子步骤: [0043] (5) marking subjective question: by teachers completed marking all papers subjective questions, the teacher marking performed directly on the paper, and fill in the score of subjective questions each input area corresponding to the input label; L〇〇44] ⑹ web roll by visual work machine scoring element into objective questions, subjective questions recognition score and the total score calculation, comprises the substeps of:

[0045] (6.1)自动阅卷机的送纸机构将试卷逐张地送入扫描模块中,以获得试卷扫描图像; [0045] The sheet feeding mechanism (6.1) Automatic marking machine papers will be fed by one scanning module to obtain a scanned image of paper;

[0046] (6• 2)自动阅卷机的图像识别模块首先对试卷扫描图像中的角部进行识别,以确认试卷号图码对应的试卷号和卷面定位标记位置,通过网络模块查询试卷号对应的定位信息表与题目关联表; [0046] (6 • 2) Automatic marking machine image recognition module first diagonal portion of the papers identified in the scanned image, in order to confirm the number of papers papers corresponding to FIG code number and the registration mark beginning of a book, paper number query through the network module table and the corresponding location information table associated with the topic;

[0047] (6•3)自动阅卷机的图像识别模块对比试卷扫描图像中卷面定位标记的坐标位置与该试卷定位信息表中记录的坐标位置,形成两个坐标系转换的比例尺,该比例尺将用于将定位信息表中的坐标值转换为试卷扫描图像中的坐标值; [0047] The image recognition module scanned image contrast papers positioning noodles (6 • 3) Automatic marking machine coordinate position of marker coordinate position of the recording paper in the location information table, scale is formed in two coordinate transformation, the scale converting the coordinate values ​​for the positioning information table, as a coordinate value papers in the scanned image;

[0048] (6.4)自动阅卷机为每份试卷生成一张成绩记录表,该表中记录该试卷答题学生的考生基本信息、试卷号、各个题目得分信息; [0048] (6.4) Automatic marking machine as a track record generated for each paper table, the paper table records the student's answer candidates basic information, paper number, point information of each subject;

[0049] (6• 5)自动阅卷机的图像识别模块依照试卷定位信息表中的信息和比例尺将试卷扫描图像中的各个输入标签区域的图像截取出来,并对输入标签的输入区与编码区进行识另IJ,依照编码区识别信息类型进行分别处理: [0049] (6 • 5) Automatic marking machine in accordance with the image recognition module and the dimensions of the image information of each label area of ​​the input image is scanned papers taken out, and the input area input tag the coding region of the paper positioning information table for identifying another IJ, separately processed in accordance with the type identification information coding region:

[0050]编码区为考生基本信息的,直接将识别出的信息添加到成绩记录表中; [0050] The coding region for the candidates to the basic information, directly add information to the identified track record table;

[0051]编码区识别为客观题的,根据其编号在题目关联表中查询答案,对输入区的识别内容进行判定,最后将判定结果添加到成绩记录表中; [0051] The coding region identified as the objective questions, according to its title number in the association table query answer, the input contents of the identification zone of the determination, the determination result is added to the final score record table;

[0052]编码区识别为主观题的,将输入区识别的分数填入到成绩记录表中;所有输入标签识别完毕后,依照各个题目的分值和对错信息进行总分计算,并将总分填入到成绩记录表中,该成绩记录表将通过网络模块传输至服务器上,形成该生该试卷的答题信息记录; [0053] (7)通过自动阅卷机生成判卷结果图像:自动阅卷机的判卷图像生成模块根据试卷扫描图像、比例尺与定位信息表中的信息,生成一个打印尺寸与实际试卷尺寸一致的阅卷痕迹图像,再根据成绩记录表中的答题数据并依照定位信息表中各个输入标签的坐标位置信息,在阅卷痕迹图像的对应坐标位置上生成表达判卷结果的图案,具体过程如下: [0052] The coding region identified as subjective questions, the input area identification scores filled accomplishments record table; all the input tag identification is completed, the right and wrong score value calculated in accordance with the information of each subject, and the total filled into sub-score records in the table, the table records the results to the server, the green form of the answer information recording paper is transmitted through the network module; [0053] (7) by automatically generating a resultant image graders scoring machine: automatic marking machine graders image generation module according to the image information scanned papers, dimensions and location information table, generates a print size and the actual paper size matching the mark marking image, then the answer data in accordance with the track record of the table and the positioning information table in accordance with coordinate position information of each of the input tag, the expression pattern generation results graders scoring mark in an image corresponding coordinate positions on the specific process is as follows:

[0054] (7 • 1)在成绩记录表中查询某客观题的答题信息; [0054] (7 • 1) query answer objective questions of information about a track record in the table;

[0055] (7_2)根据定位信息表中该题输入标签的定位信息以及比例尺计算出在阅卷痕迹图像上该题目输入标签对应的位置,该位置即为该题目的阅卷标记点位置; [0055] (7_2) according to the positioning location information title information table, the input tag and the position marking on the image of the subject mark input tag corresponding scale is calculated, which position is the marker marking the position of the subject;

[0056] (7 • 3)根据该题的答题信息及其阅卷标记点位置信息,在阅卷痕迹图像上添加表达该题阅卷结果的图案,对所有的客观题进行(7.1) -(7.3)的步骤,完成所有客观题的阅卷标记添加过程; [0056] (7 • 3) The answer to the question information and its mark marking point position information, added to the marking pattern of the mark image scoring result of the expression problem, for all objective questions (7.1) - (7.3) of steps to complete the scoring mark all objective questions add process;

[0057] (7.4)在总分栏对应的阅卷标记点位置上添加总分数图案,最终生成完整的一张阅卷结果图像; [0057] (7.4) was added in a total score scoring pattern out of a position marker corresponding to the column, the final result to generate a complete image of a marking;

[0058] (8)自动阅卷机的送纸机构将完成判卷步骤的试卷运送到打印模块中,在试卷上打印出判卷结果图像并输送出自动阅卷机,从而完成整个自动阅卷过程。 [0058] (8) an automatic feed mechanism scoring machine will complete the paper conveying step graders printing module, the printing on the paper and delivering the results of the image graders an automatic marking machine, thereby completing the whole process automatic marking.

[0059]本发明的有益效果是,本发明将出卷与自动阅卷结合起来整体考虑,通过出卷过程形成的确定性信息与答题输入标签的引入,大大降低自动阅卷过程所需的技术难度,还可做到直接在试卷上留下阅卷痕迹,并且在自动阅卷的基础上形成一套学生答题数据收集与统计平台。 [0059] Advantageous effects of the present invention is that the present invention is an automatic roll marking combine considered as a whole, introducing a deterministic answer input tag information formed by a roll process, greatly reducing the technical difficulty required automatic marking process, marking can also do leave traces directly on the paper, and form a set of student data collection and statistical answer platform on the basis of automatic scoring. 特别的,本系统对试卷的印刷,答卷和主观题阅卷过程不做改变,具有应用门槛低的特点,适合于广泛推广应用。 In particular, the system for printing papers, and answer subjective questions marking process not to change, with a low threshold for application features, suitable for widely used. 通过该系统的应用,不仅减轻了老师阅卷工作量,更是为搜集学生答题数据提供了高效的方式,老师依据答题数据统计反馈的信息,准确把握学生对知识点掌握的短板,为调整后续授课内容侧重点,实现精准教学打下了基础。 By applying this system, not only to reduce teacher marking workload, but also provides an efficient way for students to collect data to answer, based on the information to answer the teacher feedback statistics, accurately grasp the short board for students to master knowledge for subsequent adjustment lectures focus for precise teaching foundation.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0060] 图1为该系统组成图。 [0060] FIG 1 is the system components of FIG.

[0061] 图2为输入标签样式图。 [0061] FIG. 2 is a pattern diagram input label.

[0062] 图3为排版后的试卷。 [0062] FIG. 3 is a layout of the paper.

[0063]图4为试卷的题目关联表。 [0063] FIG. 4 is a paper entitled association table.

[0064]图5为试卷的定位信息表。 [0064] FIG. 5 is a paper positioning information table.

[0065]图6为主观题老师阅卷后的试卷。 [0065] FIG. 6 papers after marking is subjective question the teacher.

[0066]图7为输入标签的识别与判别示意。 [0066] FIG. 7 is a schematic identification and determination of the input tag.

[0067]图8为阅卷痕迹打印图像。 [0067] FIG. 8 is a marking marks printed image.

[0068]图9为自动阅卷机完成图像打印后的试卷。 [0068] FIG. 9 after the completion of image printing papers for the automatic marking machine.

[0069]图10为成绩记录表中包含的信息示意。 [0069] FIG. 10 is a schematic track record information contained in the table.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0070]本发明公开一种出卷及自动阅卷系统及方法,为使本发明的目的、技术方案及效果更加清楚、明确,以下对本发明进一步详细说明。 [0070] The present invention discloses a roll and a method for automatic scoring system and, for the purposes of the present invention, technical solutions and advantages clearer, explicit, the following detailed description of the present invention further. 应当理解,此处所描述的具体实施例仅仅用以解释本发明,并不用于限定本发明。 It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are only intended to illustrate the present invention and are not intended to limit the present invention. 下面结合附图详细描述本发明。 The present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

[0071 ]如图1所示,该系统包含以下特征: [0071] As shown in FIG. 1, the system comprising the following features:

[0072] (1)系统包括题库,出卷平台,自动阅卷机,答题统计分析平台等四大部分组成,其中题库采用数据库实现,出卷平台与答题统计分析平台属于能够完成特定功能的电脑应用软件,自动阅卷机为一台独立设备,它们之间通过校园网进行连接,以实现相互通讯; [0072] (1) The system comprises four major exam, a roll platform, the automatic scoring machine, answer etc. Statistical analysis platform, wherein exam implemented using a database, the statistical analysis of the volume and answer internet platform specific functions belonging to complete computer applications software, automatic scoring machine is a stand alone device, the connection between them through the campus network, to achieve mutual communication;

[0073] ⑵题库中的题目包含有两大类信息:基本信息与标签信息。 [0073] ⑵ Exam in the subject contains two types of information: the basic information and the tag information. 基本信息包含题目本身描述、答案选项、标准答案、分值、主观题/客观题、答题区尺寸,题库中每个题目均有相同类型的基本信息;标签信息属于附加信息,用以描述题目的具体特征点,比如知识点标签, 难度值标签,出现单元位置标签等,标签信息的数量和内容可根据统计需要进行添加和编辑;题库中的题目可按照标签项的组合选择状态进行分类筛选与显示; Described basic information includes the subject itself, the answer option, standard answer, scores, subjective questions / objective questions, the answer basic information area size, the same type of exam each topic has; tag information belongs to the additional information to describe the topic specifically feature points, such as knowledge tag, difficulty value tab causes cell position labels, the number and contents of the tag information may need to add and edit the statistics; exam in the subject may be classified filter by a combination of the selection state tag item and display;

[0074] 03)出卷平台软件连接题库,题库中的题目可通过出卷平台的编辑界面进行编辑, 添加和删除等操作,出卷平台可连接多个题库,题库可转存为文件以方便分享,题库中的每个题目均有一个唯一的题目编号;在平台上通过设置标签对题库中的题目进行检索,出卷老师根据其考试意图将合适的题目选进考卷,出卷平台实时显示己选进考卷题目的数量, 类型,分值等信息,便于老师实时参考; [0074] 03) connected to the roll platform software exam, exam of the title can be edited by an editing interface platform roll, add, and delete operations, the volume can be connected to a plurality of internet exam, exam savable file to facilitate sharing each exam topic has a unique topic numbers; retrieval of exam in the subject by providing a label on the platform, the teacher appropriate volume into the papers according to the subject selected from the examination intention, the roll platform real-time display the number of papers have elected subject, type, value and other information to facilitate real-time reference teacher;

[0075] ⑷出卷平台定义一种输入标签,如图2所示,它由输入区和与之紧邻的编号区组成,输入区为手写填写区,编号区内编号为输入标签的编号,输入标签图案的设计样式使之便于被识别,输入标签用于书写输入客观题答案和主观题得分; [0075] ⑷ the platform define a volume label input, shown in Figure 2, which consists of the input area immediately adjacent thereto and the number of areas, on the handwriting input area for the fill area, the area numbered tag ID number is input, the input style label pattern design would make it easier to be identified, the input tag for writing input objective questions and answer subjective questions score;

[0076] (5)出卷平台对于确定好的题目进行试卷生成操作时,将经历以下步骤: [0076] (5) for determining the roll platform good topic for paper generation operation, will undergo the following steps:

[0077] (5.1)生成该试卷的试卷号并转换成对应二维码; [0077] (5.1) to generate the number of papers and the papers into corresponding two-dimensional code;

[0078] (5.2)在客观题填写答案处与主观题的特定位置(比如题目结尾处)添加输入标签,每个输入标签的标签号在该试卷范围内唯一; [0078] (5.2) add input tag in your answer objective questions, subjective questions at a specific location (such as at the end of the title), enter the tag number of each tag's unique within the scope of the paper;

[0079] (5 • 3)对试卷题目按照试卷幅面尺寸进行排版,排版过程中还进行下列操作:在卷面首页标题栏处添加添加姓名,班级,学号,总分栏等输入标签,在试卷幅面的4边角空白处自动增加卷面定位点,用于标记试卷的幅面范围,在试卷右上角处添加试卷号及其二维码; [0080] (5 • 4)将题目分值,题目编号,标准答案,客观题或主观题,对应输入标签的标签号等信息关联起来,形成题目关联表,如图4所示,在后续的自动阅卷过程中需要该表的信息来判别答案的正确性; [0079] (5 • 3) the title of the paper format in accordance with paper size layout, typesetting process also do the following: Add as name, class, school, score boards and other input label in the title bar at the beginning of a book home, in 4 corners of blank paper web setpoint automatically increases noodles, range marker for webs of paper, paper is added two-dimensional code number and the upper right corner of the paper; [0080] (5 • 4) the title score, subject No., the standard answer, question objective or subjective questions, the input number corresponding tag associated tag information, forming the subject association table, as shown, the table of information required in the subsequent process of automatically marking the answer is discriminated 4 correctness;

[0081] (5.5)对于确认好排版布局的试卷,生成一张关于试卷4个卷面标记点,试卷号二维码以及各个输入标签坐标位置与尺寸的表,该表即为该试卷的定位信息表,如图5所示, 在后续的自动阅卷过程中需要该表的信息用于识别图像的提取与阅卷打印图案的生成; [0082] (5 • 6)保存该试卷的所有信息,包括试卷号,试卷中所有题目编号,试卷版面信息, 题目关联表,定位信息表等,试卷的信息可通过试卷号进行检索查询,出卷平台输出可直接交付印刷的文件格式; [0081] (5.5) The layout of an acknowledgment of good paper, on paper to generate a beginning of a book marker 4, the two-dimensional code and the number of paper labels each input coordinate position and size of a table is the positioning of the papers information table, as shown in FIG 5 in the subsequent need for the automatic marking process for generating table information extracting scoring pattern printed identification image; [0082] (5 • 6) to save all the information of the papers, comprising No. papers, all papers subject No., paper layout information, the subject association table, the positioning table and other information, the information can be retrieved papers by paper query number, the file format may be delivered directly output volume internet printing;

[0083] 试卷版面样式如图3所示。 [0083] Paper layout pattern shown in FIG.

[0084]出卷平台生成的试卷的印刷过程与普通试卷相同,学生的答卷方式也与普通试卷相同。 [0084] The platform generates a volume of printing ordinary paper with the same paper, the students answer the same manner as ordinary paper. 阅卷过程分为两部分分别进行:首先进行主观题的人工阅卷,方式与在普通试卷上的阅卷方式类似,老师直接在试卷上进行批改,并将主观题的得分填写到题目对应的输入标签中,从而在试卷上留下老师主观题阅卷的痕迹,如图6所示。 Marking process is divided into two parts: firstly hand scoring subjective questions, in a similar manner to the way in scoring on ordinary paper, the teacher marking carried out directly on the paper, and fill out the score of subjective questions subject to the corresponding input tag , leaving the teacher marking subjective question marks on the paper, as shown in FIG. 完成主观题阅卷后,将后续的阅卷工作交给自动阅卷机完成。 Upon completion of subjective questions marking, marking the follow-up work to complete the automatic scoring machine.

[0085] ⑹自动阅卷机由送纸机构,扫描模块,网络模块,图像识别模块,判卷图像生成模块,打印模块等部分组成,它完成客观题判别,计算总分,统计答题情况,上传答题信息,在试卷上打印阅卷图案等功能;除了图像识别模块,判卷图像生成模块之外,其余部分与扫描打印一体机的功能十分相似; [0085] ⑹ automatic scoring machine by the paper feed mechanism section, the scanning module, the network module, an image recognition module, graders image generation module, print module and other components, it is determined to complete the objective questions, overall score, the answer statistical situation, answer upload information, print pattern or the like marking functions on the paper; in addition to the image recognition module, graders image generation module, the remaining portion of the scan print function very similar to the one machine;

[0086] (7)试卷由送纸机构逐张送入自动阅卷机,首先进入到扫描模块中,获得试卷的扫描图像; [0086] (7) by sheet paper fed by the paper feed mechanism automatically scoring machine, first into the scanning module, obtaining a scanned image of paper;

[0087] ⑻图像识别模块与判卷图像生成模块为电子部件,它们完成图像识别区域抠取, 识别,答案判别等功能,这些功能包含以下执行步骤: [0087] ⑻ graders image recognition module and the image generation module is an electronic component that perform image recognition area matting, identification, the answer is determined functions, these functions perform steps comprising:

[0088] (8.1)图像识别模块在试卷扫描图像的四个角上识别试卷二维码和4个试卷定位点,并将二维码转换为试卷号; [0088] (8.1) The image recognition module recognizes a two-dimensional code and the four papers papers papers anchor points at the four corners of the scanned image and two-dimensional code number is converted into paper;

[0089] (8.2)图像识别模块通过网络模块查询试卷号对应的试卷信息,获取该试卷的题目关联表和定位信息表; [0089] (8.2) The image recognition module queries paper information corresponding to the number of papers through the network module to obtain the title papers association table and location information table;

[0090] (8.3)图像识别模块对比扫描图像4个标记点的实际坐标位置与定位信息表中记录的标记点坐标位置,依此计算试卷扫描图像与排版生成的试卷版面之间的比例尺; Marker coordinate position of the coordinate position and the actual position information table [0090] (8.3) Comparative scan image recognition module 4 markers point in the image recording, and so the calculation of the scale between the papers and the scanned image generated by composing the layout paper;

[0091] (8.4)图像识别模块对于每份待识别处理的试卷生成一张成绩记录表与阅卷痕迹图像,成绩记录表包含试卷号,学号,姓名以及各个题目的答题信息或者得分信息;阅卷痕迹图像为一张打印尺寸与实际卷面尺寸一致的空白图像,在后续的阅卷过程中,阅卷痕迹会添加到这张空白图像上,形成最终的阅卷痕迹打印图像; [0091] (8.4) generating the image recognition module to be identified for each paper treated with a score scoring mark image recording sheet, the recording sheet comprising a paper grade numbers, answer message number, name or title, and each point information; Marking traces of a printed image and the actual image size blank noodles uniform size, in the subsequent marking process, marking marks will be added to this blank image, marking the trace of the final printed image;

[0092] (8• 5)图像识别模块逐根据定位信息表中的标签坐标信息和比例尺,逐个将标签所在K域从试卷扫描图像中抠出”,对抠出的小块图像进行标签输入区与标签编号区的识另IJ。对于客观题根据识别出的标签编号在试卷的题目关联表中查询对应的标准答案,并以' 此对识别出的答案进行判定,如图7所示,将判定结果录入到成绩记录表中去;对于主观题以及学号、年级等输入标签,将识别出的数字直接录入到成绩记录表中去; [0092] (8 • 5) by the image recognition module according to the tag location information table coordinate information and the scale, where the label one by one from the paper cutout K domain scanned image ", an image of the cutout pieces label input area and another region identification tag number IJ. objective questions for queries based on the identified tag ID associated with the title of the paper table corresponding standard answer, and to 'the recognized answer to this determination is shown in Figure 7, the track record entered into the determination result to the table; subjective questions and student number and grade the input tag, the identified digital input directly to the accomplishments record table;

[0093] (8.6)判卷图像生成模块根据客观题答案的判别结果、定位信息表中该客观题输入标签的坐标值与比例尺等信息,将客观题阅卷图案添加到阅卷痕迹图像的对应位置上, 如图8所示;根据客观题的分值信息与主观题分值输入的识别,计算总分,登录总分至成绩记录表中,添加总分评分痕迹图案到阅卷痕迹图像的总分栏位置上; ' [0093] The objective that the coordinate values ​​of the input label (8.6) graders image generation module according to the judgment objective questions answers, scale and location information table information, the objective questions scoring pattern added to the corresponding location on the scoring mark image , 8; value based on the identification information of the subjective and objective that the title input value, calculated score, score to log out of records in the table, rating was added trace out a pattern to trace out the image field marking position; '

[0094] ⑼自动阅卷机将成绩记录表中的信息通过网络模块发送至数据库中进行保存; [0094] ⑼ automatic marking machine performance information table record is sent to the database stored by the network module;

[0095] (10)自动阅卷机将完成判卷图像步骤的试卷经送纸机构输送至打印模块,该模块将该阅卷痕迹图像(图8)打印在对应的试卷上以形成永久的阅卷痕迹,之后送纸机构将打印好的试卷送出自动阅卷机,从而完成整张试卷的阅卷工作; [0095] (10) Automatic marking machine is completed by the paper feed mechanism graders image conveyed to the printing step the module that the marking marks a corresponding image is printed on the paper (FIG. 8) to form a permanent marking of the mark, after the printed paper sheet feeding means feeding the automatic scoring machine, marking the work to complete the entire exam;

[0096]送纸机构根据自动阅卷的节奏将新的试卷不断的送入自动阅卷机,试卷经历以上扫描,识别,判别,打印,答题数据上传等过程后被输送出自动阅卷机,从而完成所有试卷的阅卷与答题数据采集的工作。 [0096] Automatic sheet feeding mechanism according to the rhythm of a new marking papers fed continuously automatic scoring machine, paper subjected to the above scanning, identifying, determining, print, etc. answer data upload process after the delivery of an automatic scoring machine, thereby completing all marking the answer papers and data collection work.

[0097] (11)答题统计分析平台通过网络连接数据库,其中综合有试卷库,对应学生答题情况记录等关联信息,在该平台上老师基于这些累计的数据再根据题目的标签信息,根据统计需要生成各种信息,便于对学生知识点掌握情况作出多方位多角度的综合判断。 [0097] (11) to answer the statistical analysis platform connected by a network database, which overall have papers library association information students answer the case records, on the platform teacher based on these accumulated data is then based on the tag information of the title, according to statistical needs generate a variety of information to facilitate students' mastery of knowledge points to make comprehensive judgments multi-faceted multi-angle.

[0098]应当理解的是,本发明的应用不限于上述的举例,对本领域普通技术人员来说,可以根据上述说明加以改进或变换,所有这些改进和变换都应属于本发明所附权利要求的保护范围。 [0098] It should be appreciated that the present invention is applied is not limited to the above-described example, those of ordinary skill in the art, can be modified or converted according to the above description, all such modifications and variations shall fall within the appended claims of the invention protected range.

Claims (3)

1.一种出卷及自动阅卷系统,其特征在于,该系统包括:题库、出卷平台和自动阅卷机; 所述题库中的题目信息包括题目描述、题目可选答案、题目标准答案、主观题/客观题和答题区尺寸,每个题目具有题目编号; 所述出卷平台设置输入标签,所述输入标签由输入区和与之紧邻的编号区组成;出卷平台对于选定的题目按试卷幅面尺寸的信息进行自动排版,所述自动排版具体为:1)生成试卷号以及对应试卷号的图码,并将图码放置在试卷的固定边角位置上;2)生成位于卷面至少三个边角空白处的定位标记,该定位标记用于确认实际印刷试卷尺寸与原始电子试卷尺寸之间的缩放比例以及电子试卷图像变形纠正处理;3)生成考生基本信息和总分栏的输入标签,并放置在试卷标题栏处;4)对于客观题,在需要填写答案空白处插入输入标签;5) 对于主观题,在题目合 An automatic scoring system and the roll, characterized in that the system comprises: Questions and Answers, the automatic scoring machine and internet volumes; title information includes the title of the exam description, title optional answers, the answer title standard, subjective question / answer objective questions and domain size, each title having a title number; the internet a volume setting input tag, the tag input from the input region and the region immediately adjacent thereto composition number; platform for a roll according to the selected topic paper size format automatic layout information, the layout is automatically specifically: 1) generate paper map code number and number of papers, and placed in a fixed code FIG corner positions on the papers; 2) generating at least located Juanmian positioning mark three corners of the blank, the positioning mark for confirming an image scaling, and deformation correction processing electronic papers between the actual printing paper size of the original electronic paper size; 3) generates an input candidate out of the basic information and bar label and place it in the papers at the title bar; 4) for objective questions, the answers need to fill in the blank into the input label; 5) for subjective questions, in co-title 位置(如题末尾处)添加输入分数的输入标签; 所述出卷平台对于确认好排版布局的试卷,生成一张关于该试卷的卷面定位标记以及各个输入标签坐标位置与尺寸的表,记为定位信息表;同时生成一张包含该试卷内题目编号、分值、题目标准答案与输入标签编号的对应关系的表,记为题目关联表;定位信息表与题目关联表通过试卷号进行检索; 所述自动阅卷机由送纸机构、扫描模块、网络模块、图像识别模块、判卷图像生成模块和打印模块组成;自动阅卷机为每份试卷生成一张成绩记录表,该表中记录该试卷答题学生的考生基本信息、试卷号、各个题目得分信息; 所述送纸机构将试卷逐张地送入扫描模块中,以获得试卷扫描图像; 所述图像识别模块对试卷扫描图像中的角部进行识别,以确认试卷号图码对应的试卷号和卷面定位标记位置,通过网络 Position (e.g., at the end of the title) was added input tag input fraction; the internet for the roll paper to confirm the good layout layout, generating a table of the positioning marks on paper noodles, and each input coordinate position and the size of the label, referred to as Location information table; while generating a table containing a correspondence between the title number of the papers, value, subject to the standard answer input label number, referred to as the subject association table; location information table associated with the topic is retrieved by table number papers; the automatic scoring machine by the paper feed mechanism, a scanning module, the network module, an image recognition module, graders image generation module and a print module; automatic scoring machine to generate a track record for each paper table, which records the paper basic information of answer candidates students, number of papers, each title information scores; and the paper feed mechanism will be fed by one scanning module to obtain a scanned image papers; the corner portions of the image recognition modules in the scanned image of papers identification to confirm that paper corresponding to the code number in FIG papers Juanmian number and the registration mark, the network 块查询试卷号对应的定位信息表与题目关联表;对比试卷扫描图像中卷面定位标记的坐标位置与该试卷定位信息表中记录的坐标位置,形成两个坐标系转换的比例尺,该比例尺〜将用于将定位信息表中的坐标值转换为试卷扫描图像中的坐标值;依照试卷定位信息表中的信息和比例尺将试卷扫描图像中的各个输入标签区域的图像截取出来,并对输入标签的输入区与编码区进行识别,依照编码区识别信息类型进行分别处理:1)编码区为考生基本信息的,直接将识别出的信息添加到成绩记录表中;2) 编码区识别为客观题的,根据其编号在题目关联表中查询答案,对输入区的识别内容进行判定,最后将判定结果添加到成绩记录表中;3)编码区识别为主观题的,将输入区识别的分数填入到成绩记录表中,其中输入区的分数是老师在主观题阅卷过程中手写填入的; Paper block query number corresponding to the location information table associated with the subject table; Comparative papers coordinate position in the scanned image coordinate position of the alignment mark Juanmian the paper positioning information table recorded in two dimensions formed of coordinate transformation, the scale ~ converting the coordinate values ​​for the positioning information table, as a coordinate value papers in the scanned image; in accordance with the image information and the dimensions of each label area input scanned image papers papers taken out location information table, and enter the label the input area with the coding region to identify, separately processed in accordance with the identification information of the type of coding regions: 1) the coding region for the candidates to the basic information, directly to the identified information to the results recorded in the table; 2) a coding region identified objective questions and according to their number query in the subject association table answers to identify the contents of the input area of ​​the determination, and finally add the result of the determination to the track record of the table; 3) the coding region recognized as a subjective question, the input area identified fraction fill into the track record of the table, where the fraction of the input area is a teacher in the subjective questions marking process handwritten filled; 有输入标签识别完毕后,依照各个题目的分值和对错信息进行总分计算,并将总分填入到成绩记录表中,该成绩记录表将通过网络模块传输至服务器上,形成该生该试卷的答题信息记录; 所述判卷图像生成模块根据试卷扫描图像、比例尺与定位信息表中的信息,生成一个打印尺寸与实际试卷尺寸一致的阅卷痕迹图像,再根据成绩记录表中的答题数据并依照定位信息表中各个输入标签的坐标位置信息,在阅卷痕迹图像的对应坐标位置上生成表达判卷结果的图案,具体过程如下:1)在成绩记录表中查询某客观题的答题信息;2)根据定位信息表中该题输入标签的定位信息以及比例尺计算出在阅卷痕迹图像上该题目输入标签对应的位置,该位置即为该题目的阅卷标记点位置;3)根据该题的答题信息及其阅卷标记点位置信息,在阅卷痕迹图像上添加表达该题阅 Input tag identification has been completed, in accordance with the scores for each topic and wrong score calculation information, and to fill out the track record of the table, the table records the results transmitted to the server through the network module, the student is formed the answer information recording papers; graders image generation module according to the information of the scanned image papers, dimensions and location information table, generates a print image scoring mark consistent with the size of the actual paper size, and then according to the results recorded in the table answer pattern data and position information in accordance with the coordinate of each input location information tag table, generating an expression results graders scoring mark in an image corresponding coordinate positions on the specific process is as follows: 1) an information query answer questions in the objective track record table ; 2) according to the positioning location information of the title information table and the input position of the input tag corresponding to the tag of the subject image on a grading scale marks is calculated, which position is the position of the marker marking the subject; 3) based on the question marking the answer information and the location marker information on the expression of the added image scoring mark reading title 结果的图案,对所有的客观题进行1) -3)的步骤,完成所有客观题的阅卷标记添加过程;4)在总分栏对应的阅卷标记点位置上添加总分数图案;综合以上步骤,生成完整的一张阅卷痕迹打印图像; 所述送纸机构将完成判卷的试卷运送到打印模块中,在试卷上打印出判卷结果图像并输送出自动阅卷机,从而完成整个自动阅卷过程。 The results of the step of the pattern, all the objective questions for 1) -3), the completion flag marking all objective questions during the addition; 4) adding the total score scoring pattern out of a position marker corresponding to the column; Based on the above steps, generating a complete printed image scoring mark; the paper feed mechanism will complete graders transported to the printing module to print the image on the paper results graders and an automatic marking machine conveyor, thus completing the entire automatic marking process.
2.根据权利要求1所述的出卷及自动阅卷系统,其特征在于,该系统还包括答题统计分析平台,题库中的题目信息还包括标签信息;所述标签信息为该题目的特征信息,由老师根据需要进行设置,其数量与内容不固定,包括知识点要素,难度值,出现单元等;答题统计分析平台根据老师的输入将符合设定条件的题目从题库中筛选出来,并可按照试题的标签项进行各项分类统计,以便高效而精准的获得学生对知识点的掌握信息,从而为后续的针对性教学提供支持。 The volume and an automatic marking system according to claim 1, characterized in that the system further comprises title information answer statistical analysis platform, further comprising a label in the exam information; feature information of the tag information for the subject, according to the teacher by the need to set up, the number of which is not fixed content, including elements of knowledge point, the difficulty value, unit, etc. appear; topics answer statistical analysis platform based on the teacher's input will comply with the conditions set out in the screening exam, and may follow Examination of the statistical classification label items, in order to obtain efficient and accurate information for students to acquire knowledge, providing support for the follow-targeted teaching.
3.—种出卷及自动阅卷方法,其特征在于,该方法包括以下步骤: (1) 建立题库:题库中的题目信息包括题目描述、题目可选答案、题目标准答案、主观题/客观题和答题区尺寸,每个题目具有题目编号; (2) 出卷平台设置输入标签并进行自行排版:所述输入标签由输入区和与之紧邻的编号区组成;出卷平台对于选定的题目按试卷幅面尺寸的信息进行自动排版,排版方法如下: (2.1) 生成试卷号以及对应试卷号的图码,并将图码放置在试卷的固定边角位置上; (2.2) 生成位于卷面至少三个边角空白处的定位标记,该定位标记用于确认实际印刷试卷尺寸与原始电子试卷尺寸之间的缩放比例; (2 • 3)生成考生基本信息和总分栏的输入标签,并放置在试卷标题栏处; (2 • 4)对于客观题,在需要填写答案空白处插入输入标签; (2 • 5)对于主观题,在题目合适位置 3.- grow and automatic roll marking method characterized in that, the method comprising the steps of: (1) establishing exam: Exam title information includes the title description, title optional answers, the title standard answer subjective questions / objective questions answer area and size, each title having a title number; (2) the volume setting input internet layout tab and its own: the input by the input tag region immediately adjacent thereto and the zone composed of numbers; platform for a volume selected topics automatic information by the layout format paper size, layout, as follows: (2.1) and the corresponding numbers in FIG papers generated code number of papers, and placed in a fixed code FIG corner positions on the papers; (2.2) to generate at least located Juanmian positioning mark three corners of the blank, the positioning mark is used to confirm the scaling between actual printing paper size of the original electronic paper size; (2 • 3) generates an input candidate tag and out of the basic information field and placed in the papers at the title bar; (2 • 4) for objective questions, the answers need to fill in blanks inserted into the input label; (2 • 5) for subjective questions, in the right position title 添加输入分数的输入标签; (3) 出卷平台生成定位信息表和题目关联表:对于确认好排版布局的试卷,生成一张关于该试卷的卷面定位标记以及各个输入标签坐标位置与尺寸的表,记为定位信息表;同时生成一张包含该试卷内题目编号、分值、题目标准答案与输入标签编号的对应关系的表,记为题目关联表;定位信息表与题目关联表通过试卷号进行检索; ⑷学生在试卷上进行答题,无需答题卡,答题方式与普通试卷相同; (5)主观题阅卷:由老师完成所有试卷的主观题阅卷,老师直接在试卷上进行批改,并将分数填写在各个主观题对应的输入标签的输入区内; ⑹通过自动阅卷机完成客观题阅卷、主观题分数识别及总分计算,具体包括以下子步骤: (6.1) 自动阅卷机的送纸机构将试卷逐张地送入扫描模块中,以获得试卷扫描图像; (6.2) 自动阅卷机的图像 Input tag added fraction; (3) positioning the platform generates volume information table and the association table Title: The layout of an acknowledgment of good paper, generate a size of the alignment mark on paper noodles and tag each input coordinate position table, referred to as a location information table; simultaneously generated within the paper contains a title number, value, the correspondence between the subject and the standard answer input label number, referred to as the subject association table; location information table associated with the table through the paper entitled No. retrieval; ⑷ students to answer on paper, without having to answer sheet, answer the same way as a normal paper; (5) subjective questions marking: subjective questions marking by the teacher to complete all the papers, the teachers were marking directly on the paper, and fill in the input area fraction of each of the input tag corresponding to the subjective question; ⑹ objective questions completed by the automatic scoring machine scoring, subjective questions and identification scores score calculation, including the following sub-steps: feeding means (6.1) automatic marking machine the paper sheet fed by the scanning module to obtain a scanned image papers; image (6.2) of the automatic marking machine 别模块首先对试卷扫描图像中的角部进行识别,以确认试卷号图码对应的试卷号和卷面定位标记位置,通过网络模块查询试卷号对应的定位信息表与题目关联表; (6.3) 自动阅卷机的图像识别模块对比试卷扫描图像中卷面定位标记的坐标位置与该试卷定位信息表中记录的坐标位置,形成两个坐标系转换的比例尺,该比例尺将用于将定位信息表中的坐标值转换为试卷扫描图像中的坐标值; (6.4) 自动阅卷机为每份试卷生成一张成绩记录表,该表中记录该试卷答题学生的考生基本信息、试卷号、各个题目得分信息; (6.5) 自动阅卷机的图像识别模块依照试卷定位信息表中的信息和比例尺将试卷扫描图像中的各个输入标签区域的图像截取出来,并对输入标签的输入区与编码区进行识别, 依照编码区识别信息类型进行分别处理: 编码区为考生基本信息的,直 Do module first diagonal portion of the papers identified in the scanned image, in order to confirm the number of papers papers corresponding to FIG code number and the registration mark beginning of a book, the network module queries paper table number corresponding to the location information table associated with the topic; (6.3) the image recognition module scanned image contrast papers noodles positioning mark automatic scoring machine coordinate position and the coordinate position of the recording paper in the location information table, the scale formed two coordinate systems, which will be used to scale location information table coordinate value into a coordinate value in the scanned image papers; (6.4) automatic marking machine as a track record generated for each paper table, the paper student answer candidates basic information table records, paper number, point information of each title ; (6.5) automatic marking machine in accordance with the image recognition module identifying the paper information in the location information table and the scale of the image area of ​​each input label papers taken out of the scanned image, and the input tag the coding region of the input area, in accordance with coding region were treated identification information types: basic information of the candidates for the coding region of the straight 接将识别出的信息添加到成绩记录表中; 编码区识别为客观题的,根据其编号在题目关联表中查询答案,对输入区的识别内容进行判定,最后将判定结果添加到成绩记录表中; 编码区识别为主观题的,将输入区识别的分数填入到成绩记录表中;所有输入标签识别完毕后,依照各个题目的分值和对错信息进行总分计算,并将总分填入到成绩记录表中, 该成绩记录表将通过网络模块传输至服务器上,形成该生该试卷的答题信息记录; (7) 通过自动阅卷机生成判卷结果图像:自动阅卷机的判卷图像生成模块根据试卷扫描图像、比例尺与定位信息表中的信息,生成一个打印尺寸与实际试卷尺寸一致的阅卷痕迹图像,再根据成绩记录表中的答题数据并依照定位信息表中各个输入标签的坐标位置信息,在阅卷痕迹图像的对应坐标位置上生成表达判卷结果的图 Then the identified information to the track record of the table; coding region recognized as objective questions, according to their number query in the subject association table answers to identify the contents of the input area of ​​the determination, and finally add the result of the determination to the track record table ; and identified as the coding region subjective questions, the input area identification scores filled accomplishments record table; all the input tag identification is completed, the right and wrong score value calculated in accordance with the information of each subject, and the total score fill the accomplishments record table, the table records the results to the server, the green form of the answer information recording paper is transmitted through the network module; (7) by automatically generating a resultant image graders scoring machine: automatic marking machine graders image generation module according to papers scanned image scale information location information table, generates a print uniform size and the actual paper size marking mark image, then in accordance with the track record of the answer data in the table and in accordance with the location information table of each input tag coordinate position information in the corresponding coordinate positions of the image generation mark marking FIG expression results graders ,具体过程如下: (7• 1)在成绩记录表中查询某客观题的答题信息; (7.2) 根据定位信息表中该题输入标签的定位信息以及比例尺计算出在阅卷痕迹图像上该题目输入标签对应的位置,该位置即为该题目的阅卷标记点位置; (7.3) 根据该题的答题信息及其阅卷标记点位置信息,在阅卷痕迹图像上添加表达该题阅卷结果的图案,对所有的客观题进行(7 • 1) - (7 • 3)的步骤,完成所有客观题的阅卷标记添加过程; (7.4) 在总分栏对应的阅卷标记点位置上添加总分数图案,最终生成完整的一张阅卷结果图像; (8) 自动阅卷机的送纸机构将完成判卷步骤的试卷运送到打印模块中,在试卷上打印出判卷结果图像并输送出自动阅卷机,从而完成整个自动阅卷过程。 Procedure is as follows: (7 • 1) query answer information about an objective that the track record table; (7.2) The positioning information for positioning information table, the title input tag and the scale is calculated on the scoring mark image of the subject input corresponding to the position of the label, marking the position is the position marker on the subject; (7.3) the answer to the question information and the mark marking point position information, the image on the pattern of the mark marking problem adding scoring result expression, all for objective questions (7 • 1) - a step (7 • 3), the flag marking the completion of the process of adding all the objective questions; (7.4) was added in total score scoring pattern out of a position marker corresponding to the column, and finally generate a complete marking of a resultant image; feed mechanism (8) automatic marking machine will complete steps graders paper transported to the printing module, the printing on the paper and delivering the results of the image graders an automatic marking machine, thus completing the entire automatic marking process.
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