CN107433444A - Secondary serialization floating press-loading apparatus - Google Patents

Secondary serialization floating press-loading apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107433444A
CN107433444A CN201710883669.3A CN201710883669A CN107433444A CN 107433444 A CN107433444 A CN 107433444A CN 201710883669 A CN201710883669 A CN 201710883669A CN 107433444 A CN107433444 A CN 107433444A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
block
profiling
guide
crossbeam
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710883669.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张小红
李良
冯佳
陈畅
程光辉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JIANGYIN BOYAN MACHINERY EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
Original Assignee
JIANGYIN BOYAN MACHINERY EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by JIANGYIN BOYAN MACHINERY EQUIPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical JIANGYIN BOYAN MACHINERY EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710883669.3A priority Critical patent/CN107433444A/en
Publication of CN107433444A publication Critical patent/CN107433444A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/02Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for connecting objects by press fit or for detaching same
    • B23P19/027Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for connecting objects by press fit or for detaching same using hydraulic or pneumatic means

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of secondary serialization floating press-loading apparatus, it is characterized in that it includes frame, worktable panel, fixture deck plate, Workpiece clamping device, the axis of guide, axis of guide guide pin bushing, floating attachment, connecting plate, fixed connecting rod, float support crossbeam, beam plunger, linear bearing, transverse cylinder, contiguous block, floating guiding post, crimping pressure head, secondary crimping pressure head, buffer block piece, lifter plate, lifter plate guide pin bushing, power unit, power unit crossbeam, line slideway, sliding block, traversing plate, profiling support block, profiling block supporting plate, profiling block guide pin bushing, profiling block guide rod, profiling block push rod and location-plate.The present invention is had the advantage that successively continuously to carry out the operation of part press-in and the flattening in part process hole to workpiece, production efficiency can be improved, will not the uncontrollable factor such as run-off the straight, deformation during workpiece press fitting simultaneously, press fitting can be improved that success rate is low and the stability of press mounting dimension, conveniently press fitting workpiece can pick and place.

Description

Secondary serialization floating press-loading apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of press-loading apparatus, more particularly to a kind of secondary serialization floating press-loading apparatus.
Background technology
Some workpiece in industrial production need first to process a technique on workpiece due to processing technology and requirement Hole, such as turbine case, according to design requirement need first on this hole be pressed into other materials technique blanking cover, silently, pin, conduit, The parts such as bushing, lining ring, guide pin bushing, first time be pressed after the completion of also need to carry out secondary press fitting, it is such as flat to press mounting hole wall pressure with Prevent from being pressed part work long hours after abjection etc., so as to meet the use technological requirement of the manufactured part.
Existing press-loading apparatus includes frame, worktable panel, Workpiece clamping device, fixture deck plate and press fitting power list Member, worktable panel are arranged in frame, and Workpiece clamping device is arranged on worktable panel by fixture deck plate, and press fitting is dynamic Power unit is arranged in the frame above Workpiece clamping device, and press fitting power unit is the cylinder with piston rod, oil cylinder or electric cylinders Deng power unit.
There are two kinds of pressing methods at present:Method one, workpiece directly pass through cylinder, oil cylinder after Workpiece clamping device fixation Or the power unit such as electric cylinders will be directly pressed into fabrication hole by pressure part, when workpiece is irregular workpiece, this method is being pressed When, because Workpiece clamping device is to stretch into workpiece central cavity by locating shaft to be supported positioning, when workpiece is pressed reversely branch When support face and larger centre of location change in size, the uncontrollable factor such as workpiece meeting run-off the straight, deformation, causes to press when being directly pressed Dress up the defects of power is low, press mounting dimension is unstable;Method two, workpiece is after Workpiece clamping device fixation, because press mounting hole is carried on the back When face is in vacant state, installs hydraulic support cylinder additional in reverse side and be supported, then work will be pressed into by pressure part by power unit In skill hole, but because hydraulic support cylinder stroke is very short, support force is little, when workpiece is abnormity or blank geometry complexity, Also result in and pick and place workpiece inconvenience, be pressed the defects of unstable.
Existing press-loading apparatus can only carry out time processing to workpiece simultaneously, and secondary press fitting is carried out if desired for workpiece When hole wall flattens, it is necessary to reuse a flatting apparatus, thus need two press-loading devices to carry out part press-in and zero respectively The flattening of part fabrication hole so that production efficiency reduces, production cost increase.
The content of the invention
For disadvantage mentioned above, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of secondary serialization floating press-loading apparatus, and it can be successively The operation of part press-in and the flattening in part process hole is continuously carried out to workpiece, production efficiency can be improved, while during workpiece press fitting Will not the uncontrollable factor such as run-off the straight, deformation, can improve that press fitting success rate is low and the stability of press mounting dimension, can conveniently be pressed Workpiece picks and places.
The technology contents of the present invention are a kind of secondary serialization floating press-loading apparatus, it is characterised in that it includes frame, work Make deck plate, fixture deck plate, Workpiece clamping device, the axis of guide, axis of guide guide pin bushing, floating attachment, connecting plate, be fixedly connected Bar, float support crossbeam, beam plunger, linear bearing, transverse cylinder, contiguous block, floating guiding post, crimping pressure head, two Secondary crimping pressure head, buffering block piece, lifter plate, lifter plate guide pin bushing, power unit, power unit crossbeam, line slideway, sliding block, horizontal stroke Move plate, profiling support block, profiling block supporting plate, profiling block guide pin bushing, profiling block guide rod, profiling block push rod and location-plate;
Power unit is the cylinder with piston rod, oil cylinder or servo electric cylinders;
Worktable panel is fixed on central rack, and fixture deck plate is arranged on worktable panel, and Workpiece clamping device is arranged on On fixture deck plate, some profiling block guide rods are arranged on the fixture deck plate on front side of Workpiece clamping device by profiling block guide pin bushing On, profiling block guide rod upper end is connected profiling block supporting plate, and profiling support block is arranged in profiling block supporting plate, and profiling block is led Bar lower end is fixedly connected on location-plate, and the through hole that location-plate passes through can be made by being provided with worktable panel;On profiling block push rod End is fixedly connected with profiling block supporting plate lower surface, and profiling block push rod lower end passes through location-plate and worktable panel;
Two linear bearings are vertically mounted on the worktable panel of fixture deck plate both sides, set one to float in each linear bearing Action-oriented post, two floating guiding post upper ends are fixedly connected with a power unit crossbeam, and lifter plate is arranged on two by lifter plate guide pin bushing On floating guiding post, lifter plate is in power unit below the crossbeam, power unit be arranged on power unit crossbeam and with lifting Plate connects;Line slideway is provided with the lower surface of lifter plate, a buffering is respectively equipped with the lifter plate of line slideway both sides Block piece, traversing plate are fixedly connected on line slideway by sliding block, and a crimping pressure head is arranged on traversing with secondary crimping pressure head On the lower surface of plate;Transverse cylinder is fixed on the lower surface of the lifter plate of traversing plate side, and the piston rod of transverse cylinder passes through Contiguous block is fixedly connected with traversing plate;It is spacing to buffer displacement progress of the block piece to traversing plate;
The lower end of two floating guiding posts is through worktable panel and is fixedly connected with a float support crossbeam, and connecting plate is connected by fixed Extension bar is fixedly connected on the lower surface of worktable panel, and connecting plate is in float support below the crossbeam, is provided with connecting plate Some axis of guide guide pin bushings, the axis of guide is provided with axis of guide guide pin bushing, the upper end of the axis of guide is fixedly connected with float support crossbeam, even Floating attachment is fixedly connected between fishplate bar and float support crossbeam;Vertically a crossbeam top is provided with float support crossbeam Bar, beam plunger push with profiling block push rod lower end and contact connection.
In above-mentioned secondary serialization floating press-loading apparatus, floating attachment is cylinder or flexible member with piston rod.
In above-mentioned secondary serialization floating press-loading apparatus, the shape of profiling support block is relative with the shape of work piece interface Should.
The present invention is compared with prior art advantageously:The present invention successively continuously can carry out part press-in to workpiece With the operation of the flattening in part process hole, production efficiency can be improved, at the same workpiece when being pressed will not run-off the straight, deformation etc. can not Control factor, improving press fitting, success rate is low and the stability of press mounting dimension, conveniently press fitting workpiece can pick and place;It is pressed during press fitting dynamic Power unit can be with the press fitting state for being pressed change in location and regulation of voluntarily floating, automatically adaptation workpiece;Acted on during press fitting Pressure assembling force on workpiece applies with reverse support force for same power unit, workpiece uniform force;The present invention can meet not With the press fitting of planform product, wide adaptability.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the preceding tiltedly upper schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is that the present invention is retreaded upper schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is tiltedly lower schematic diagram of the profiling block supporting plate on fixture deck plate.
The tiltedly upper schematic diagram that Fig. 5 is Fig. 4.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, a kind of secondary serialization floating press-loading apparatus, it is characterised in that it is wrapped Including rack 1, worktable panel 2, fixture deck plate 3, Workpiece clamping device 4, the axis of guide 5, axis of guide guide pin bushing 6, floating attachment 7th, connecting plate 8, fixed connecting rod 9, float support crossbeam 10, beam plunger 11, linear bearing 12, transverse cylinder 13, contiguous block 14th, 15, crimping pressure heads 16 of floating guiding post, secondary crimping pressure head 17, buffering block piece 18, lifter plate 19, lifter plate guide pin bushing 20th, power unit 21, power unit crossbeam 22, line slideway 23, sliding block 24, traversing plate 25, profiling support block 26, profiling block branch Fagging 27, profiling block guide pin bushing 28, profiling block guide rod 29, profiling block push rod 30 and location-plate 31;Power unit 21 is servo electric cylinders; The shape of profiling support block 26 is corresponding with the shape of work piece interface;Floating attachment 7 is cylinder;Worktable panel 2 is fixed At the middle part of frame 1, fixture deck plate 3 is arranged on worktable panel 2, and Workpiece clamping device 4 is arranged on fixture deck plate 3, Some profiling block guide rods 29 are arranged on by profiling block guide pin bushing 28 on the fixture deck plate 3 of the front side of Workpiece clamping device 4, profiling block The upper end of guide rod 29 is connected profiling block supporting plate 27, and profiling support block 26 is arranged in profiling block supporting plate 27, and profiling block is led The lower end of bar 29 is fixedly connected on location-plate 31, and the through hole 2.1 that location-plate 31 passes through can be made by being provided with worktable panel 2;It is imitative The upper end of shape block push rod 30 is fixedly connected with the lower surface of profiling block supporting plate 27, and the lower end of profiling block push rod 30 passes through location-plate 31 and work Make deck plate 2;
Two linear bearings 12 are vertically mounted on the worktable panel 2 of the both sides of fixture deck plate 3, are set in each linear bearing 12 A floating guiding post 15 is put, the upper end of two floating guiding post 15 is fixedly connected with a power unit crossbeam 22, and lifter plate 19 passes through lifting Plate guide pin bushing 20 is arranged on two floating guiding posts 15, and lifter plate 19 is in the lower section of power unit crossbeam 22, and power unit 21 is installed It is connected on power unit crossbeam 22 and with lifter plate 19;Two parallel lines guide rails 23 are provided with the lower surface of lifter plate 19, A buffering block piece 18 is respectively equipped with the lifter plate 19 of the both sides of line slideway 23, traversing plate 25 is fixedly connected on by sliding block 24 On line slideway 23, a crimping pressure head 16 is arranged on the lower surface of traversing plate 25 with secondary crimping pressure head 17;Transverse cylinder 13 are fixed on the lower surface of the lifter plate 19 of the traversing side of plate 25, the piston rod of transverse cylinder 13 by contiguous block 14 with it is traversing Plate 13 is fixedly connected;It is spacing to buffer displacement progress of the block piece 18 to traversing plate 13;
The lower end of two floating guiding posts 15 is through worktable panel 2 and is fixedly connected with a float support crossbeam 10, and connecting plate 8 passes through Fixed connecting rod 9 is fixedly connected on the lower surface of worktable panel 2, and connecting plate 8 is in the lower section of float support crossbeam 10, even Fishplate bar 8 is provided with some axis of guide guide pin bushings 6, and the axis of guide 5, the upper end of the axis of guide 5 and float support are provided with axis of guide guide pin bushing 6 Crossbeam 10 is fixedly connected, and floating attachment 7 is fixedly connected between connecting plate 8 and float support crossbeam 10;It is horizontal in float support A beam plunger 11 vertically is provided with beam 10, beam plunger 11 pushes with the lower end of profiling block push rod 30 and contacts connection.
The present invention operation principle be:
The rod chamber inner air pressure of floating attachment 7 is first set to remain constant, the air pressure in the rod chamber of floating attachment 7 Power can just offset the weight that float support crossbeam 10 imposes on;Thus floating attachment 7 is made to produce one with float support crossbeam 10 Individual connection equilibrant force, floating attachment 7 produce a balance link position with float support crossbeam 10;
Turbine shell workpiece is positioned on Workpiece clamping device 4, will be sleeved on by pressure part on a crimping pressure head 16, Ran Houqi Dynamic power unit 21, power unit 21 push down on lifter plate 19, and lifter plate 19 drives a crimping pressure head by traversing plate 13 16 move down, until touching turbine shell workpiece by pressure part, when the pressure of power unit 21 is gradually increased need that zero will be pressed When part will be pressed onto in the press mounting hole of turbine shell workpiece, turbine shell workpiece can be by anti-to a crimping pressure head 16 1 by pressure part Xiang Li, opposite force are conducted to power unit 21 by crimping pressure head 16 and lifter plate 19, and power unit 21 is from there through power list First crossbeam 22 drives floating guiding post 15 to move up, and floating guiding post 15 drives float support crossbeam 10 to move up, and is oriented to Axle 5 moves up in axis of guide guide pin bushing 6 under the drive of float support crossbeam 10 and enables float support crossbeam 10 vertically upward Movement is not shifted over;Float support crossbeam 10 drives beam plunger 11 to push profiling block push rod 30, profiling block push rod 30 upwards Profiling block supporting plate 27 is pushed up, so that profiling block supporting plate 27 moves up, and profiling block guide rod 29 is then in profiling block Supporting plate 27 moves up in profiling block guide pin bushing 28 under driving and enables profiling block supporting plate 27 is mobile vertically upward not occur Displacement, profiling block supporting plate 27 drives profiling support block 26 to move up and withstand on turbine shell workpiece lower surface, when turbine case The pressure that the upper and lower end face of workpiece is received is identical, and the pressure of power unit 21 increases again, until being fully pressed into turbine case by pressure part In the press mounting hole of workpiece;After being terminated by the press fitting of pressure part, the pressure of power unit 21 begins to pull up lifter plate 19, lifting Plate 19 drives a crimping pressure head 16 to move up by traversing plate 13;With this simultaneously, work of the float support crossbeam 10 in gravity It is moved downwardly until under and presses floating attachment 7 until original equilbrium position, beam plunger 11 is in float support crossbeam Moved down under 10 drive, beam plunger 11 is no longer produced to profiling block push rod 30 and pushed, and profiling block supporting plate 27 is in gravity In the presence of move down and drive profiling support block 26 to arrive initial position;Then transverse cylinder 13 drives traversing plate 25 to move, After the traversing movement of plate 25 touches buffering block piece 18, secondary crimping pressure head 17 is set to be in operating position, then with press fitting by pressure zero Part is the same, and secondary crimping pressure head 17 flattens to press fitting hole wall;After secondary crimping pressure head 17 flattens end-of-job, float support Crossbeam 10, power unit crossbeam 22 and lifter plate 19 return to home position, and then transverse cylinder 13 drives traversing plate 25 to move, horizontal After the shifting movement of plate 25 touches buffering block piece 18, a crimping pressure head 17 is in operating position, next time is carried out so as to equip Press fitting is with flattening work.

Claims (3)

  1. A kind of 1. secondary serialization floating press-loading apparatus, it is characterised in that it include frame, worktable panel, fixture deck plate, Workpiece clamping device, the axis of guide, axis of guide guide pin bushing, floating attachment, connecting plate, fixed connecting rod, float support crossbeam, crossbeam Push rod, linear bearing, transverse cylinder, contiguous block, floating guiding post, a crimping pressure head, secondary crimping pressure head, buffering block piece, Lifter plate, lifter plate guide pin bushing, power unit, power unit crossbeam, line slideway, sliding block, traversing plate, profiling support block, profiling Block supporting plate, profiling block guide pin bushing, profiling block guide rod, profiling block push rod and location-plate;
    Power unit is the cylinder with piston rod, oil cylinder or servo electric cylinders;
    Worktable panel is fixed on central rack, and fixture deck plate is arranged on worktable panel, and Workpiece clamping device is arranged on On fixture deck plate, some profiling block guide rods are arranged on the fixture deck plate on front side of Workpiece clamping device by profiling block guide pin bushing On, profiling block guide rod upper end is connected profiling block supporting plate, and profiling support block is arranged in profiling block supporting plate, and profiling block is led Bar lower end is fixedly connected on location-plate, and the through hole that location-plate passes through can be made by being provided with worktable panel;On profiling block push rod End is fixedly connected with profiling block supporting plate lower surface, and profiling block push rod lower end passes through location-plate and worktable panel;
    Two linear bearings are vertically mounted on the worktable panel of fixture deck plate both sides, set one to float in each linear bearing Action-oriented post, two floating guiding post upper ends are fixedly connected with a power unit crossbeam, and lifter plate is arranged on two by lifter plate guide pin bushing On floating guiding post, lifter plate is in power unit below the crossbeam, power unit be arranged on power unit crossbeam and with lifting Plate connects;Line slideway is provided with the lower surface of lifter plate, a buffering is respectively equipped with the lifter plate of line slideway both sides Block piece, traversing plate are fixedly connected on line slideway by sliding block, and a crimping pressure head is arranged on traversing with secondary crimping pressure head On the lower surface of plate;Transverse cylinder is fixed on the lower surface of the lifter plate of traversing plate side, and the piston rod of transverse cylinder passes through Contiguous block is fixedly connected with traversing plate;It is spacing to buffer displacement progress of the block piece to traversing plate;
    The lower end of two floating guiding posts is through worktable panel and is fixedly connected with a float support crossbeam, and connecting plate is connected by fixed Extension bar is fixedly connected on the lower surface of worktable panel, and connecting plate is in float support below the crossbeam, is provided with connecting plate Some axis of guide guide pin bushings, the axis of guide is provided with axis of guide guide pin bushing, the upper end of the axis of guide is fixedly connected with float support crossbeam, even Floating attachment is fixedly connected between fishplate bar and float support crossbeam;Vertically a crossbeam top is provided with float support crossbeam Bar, beam plunger push with profiling block push rod lower end and contact connection.
  2. 2. secondary serialization floating press-loading apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that floating attachment is band piston rod Cylinder or flexible member.
  3. 3. secondary serialization floating press-loading apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the shape and work of profiling support block The shape of part contact surface is corresponding.
CN201710883669.3A 2017-09-26 2017-09-26 Secondary serialization floating press-loading apparatus Pending CN107433444A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710883669.3A CN107433444A (en) 2017-09-26 2017-09-26 Secondary serialization floating press-loading apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710883669.3A CN107433444A (en) 2017-09-26 2017-09-26 Secondary serialization floating press-loading apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107433444A true CN107433444A (en) 2017-12-05

Family

ID=60461870

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710883669.3A Pending CN107433444A (en) 2017-09-26 2017-09-26 Secondary serialization floating press-loading apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107433444A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110142594A (en) * 2019-06-20 2019-08-20 南通广野自动化系统工程有限公司 A kind of knuckle bulb pressing machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110142594A (en) * 2019-06-20 2019-08-20 南通广野自动化系统工程有限公司 A kind of knuckle bulb pressing machine
CN110142594B (en) * 2019-06-20 2021-04-02 南通广野自动化系统工程有限公司 Knuckle bulb pressure equipment machine

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