CN107366603A - 一种海流发电装置 - Google Patents

一种海流发电装置 Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN107366603A
CN107366603A CN201710233226.XA CN201710233226A CN107366603A CN 107366603 A CN107366603 A CN 107366603A CN 201710233226 A CN201710233226 A CN 201710233226A CN 107366603 A CN107366603 A CN 107366603A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotating shaft
cover
buoyancy tank
flow disturbing
power generation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710233226.XA
Other languages
English (en)
Inventor
张俣
邹俊杰
辛中耀
贯赛虎
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Army Information Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Anhui Army Information Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Army Information Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Anhui Army Information Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710233226.XA priority Critical patent/CN107366603A/zh
Publication of CN107366603A publication Critical patent/CN107366603A/zh
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • F03B13/12Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy
    • F03B13/14Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using wave energy
    • F03B13/22Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using wave energy using the flow of water resulting from wave movements to drive a motor or turbine
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B11/00Parts or details not provided for in, or of interest apart from, the preceding groups, e.g. wear-protection couplings, between turbine and generator
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • F03B13/12Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy
    • F03B13/26Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using tide energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • F03B13/12Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy
    • F03B13/26Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using tide energy
    • F03B13/264Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates characterised by using wave or tide energy using tide energy using the horizontal flow of water resulting from tide movement
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K35/00Generators with reciprocating, oscillating or vibrating coil system, magnet, armature or other part of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K35/02Generators with reciprocating, oscillating or vibrating coil system, magnet, armature or other part of the magnetic circuit with moving magnets and stationary coil systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2220/00Application
    • F05B2220/70Application in combination with
    • F05B2220/706Application in combination with an electrical generator
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/30Energy from the sea, e.g. using wave energy or salinity gradient

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • General Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Oceanography (AREA)
  • Power Engineering (AREA)
  • Other Liquid Machine Or Engine Such As Wave Power Use (AREA)

Abstract

本发明提供一种海流发电装置,包括转轴,所述转轴的下部固定环套有转轮,所述转轴穿过扰流罩的中心部,所述转轴的下端通过筒型轴承与所述扰流罩连接,所述转轴穿过浮力箱,所述转轴通过轴承与浮力箱连接,所述浮力箱的顶部固接有发电筒,所述发电筒的顶部固接有筒盖,所述转轴的顶部与转盘的底部固接,所述转盘的边缘均匀固接有六个支板,每个所述支板上均匀固接有三个永磁铁,所述发电筒内均匀固接有六组磁感线圈,所述磁感线圈与所述永磁铁相对应。

Description

一种海流发电装置
技术领域
本发明涉发电装置技术领域,具体的讲,涉及一种海流发电装置。
背景技术
随着现代社会对能源需要的日益增长以及矿物燃料资源的日益枯竭和环境污染的日趋加剧,开发利用清洁可再生的海洋能源正在成为世界各沿海国家的发展战略。在海洋能源众多形式之中,海流能是最为重要的可利用能源之一。海流能是指海水流动的动能,主要是指海底水道和海峡中较为稳定的流动以及由于潮汐导致的有规律的海水流动所产生的能量。海流能的能量与流速的平方和流量成正比。相对波浪而言,海流能的变化要平稳且有规律得多。海流能的利用方式主要是发电,与陆地上的河流发电相比,它既不受洪水的威胁,又不受枯水季节的影响,几乎以常年不变的水量和一定的流速流动,完全可成为人类可靠的能源。我国海域辽阔,既有风海流,又有密度流;既有沿岸海流,也有深海海流,这些海流的流速多在2米/秒,流量变化不大,而且流向比较稳定。若以平均流量每秒100立方米计算,中国近海和沿岸海流的能量就可达到一亿千瓦以上。
发明内容
本发明要解决的技术问题是提供一种海流发电装置,实现海流发电,为海上作业平台或浮标供电。
本发明采用如下技术方案实现发明目的:
一种海流发电装置,包括转轴,其特征是:所述转轴的下部固定环套有转轮,所述转轴穿过扰流罩的中心部,所述转轴的下端通过筒型轴承与所述扰流罩连接,所述转轴穿过浮力箱,所述转轴通过轴承与浮力箱连接,所述浮力箱的顶部固接有发电筒,所述发电筒的顶部固接有筒盖,所述转轴的顶部与转盘的底部固接,所述转盘的边缘均匀固接有六个支板,每个所述支板上均匀固接有三个永磁铁,所述发电筒内均匀固接有六组磁感线圈,所述磁感线圈与所述永磁铁相对应,所述扰流罩的上部固接有扰流板,所述扰流板呈折页状,所述扰流罩上设有聚流罩,所述聚流罩的底口连通所述扰流罩,所述扰流罩通过连接杆与所述浮力箱的底部固接。
作为对本技术方案的进一步限定:所述浮力箱为空心结构,所述浮力箱呈四棱台状。
作为对本技术方案的进一步限定:所述聚流罩的敞口的横截面积是所述聚流罩的底口的横截面积的三倍。
本发明的有益效果:本发明可通过海流带动转轮转动,进而带动转轴转动,转轴带动转盘转动,从而带动永磁铁转动,进而磁感线圈不断切割永磁铁的磁感线,所以磁感线圈中可产生电流,本发明的扰流罩配合聚流罩,使得海流不断通过聚流罩的底口流向转轮叶的叶槽,不断带动转轮转动,转轮叶的后部呈流线造型,转轮转动过程中能使海水更好的分流,同时叶槽更有助于将海流能转换为机械能,使集能效率更高,同时聚流罩的设计可有效增加流过聚流罩的海水的流速,因此可提高转轮的转速,以提高能量转换的效率,扰流板的设计可使得聚流罩始终保持正对海水流向。
附图说明
图1为本发明的立体结构示意图;
图2为本发明的另一角度立体结构示意图;
图3为本发明的结构爆炸示意图;
图4为本发明的另一角度结构爆炸示意图。
图中,1-发电筒、101-筒盖、2-磁感线圈、3-浮力箱、301-拴扣、4-转盘、401-支板、402-永磁块、5-转轴、6-转轮、601-转轮叶、602-叶槽、7-扰流罩、8-聚流罩、801-敞口、802-底口、9-扰流板、10-连接杆、11-轴承、12-筒型轴承。
具体实施方式
下面结合附图,对本发明的一个具体实施方式进行详细描述,但应当理解本发明的保护范围并不受具体实施方式的限制。
如图1-4所示,本发明包括转轴5,所述转轴5的下部固定环套有转轮6,所述转轴5穿过扰流罩7的中心部,所述转轴5的下端通过筒型轴承12与所述扰流罩7连接,所述转轴5穿过浮力箱3,所述转轴5通过轴承11与浮力箱3连接,所述浮力箱3的顶部固接有发电筒1,所述发电筒1的顶部固接有筒盖101,所述转轴5的顶部与转盘4的底部固接,所述转盘4的边缘均匀固接有六个支板401,每个所述支板401上均匀固接有三个永磁铁402,所述永磁铁402的外侧为N极,内侧为S极,所述发电筒1内均匀固接有六组磁感线圈2,所述磁感线圈2与所述永磁铁402相对应,所述扰流罩7的上部固接有扰流板9,所述扰流板9呈折页状,扰流板9的设计可使得聚流罩8始终保持正对海水流向,所述扰流罩7上设有聚流罩8,所述聚流罩8的底口802连通所述扰流罩7,所述扰流罩7通过连接杆10与所述浮力箱3的底部固接。
所述浮力箱3为空心结构,可增加浮力,所述浮力箱3呈四棱台状,可有效使海水分流,避免影响聚流罩8朝向海水流向。
所述聚流罩8的敞口801的横截面积是所述聚流罩8的底口802的横截面积的三倍,可有效增加流过聚流罩8的海水的流速。
使用时,通过拴扣301将本装置拴在浮标或海上作业平台上,可通过海流带动转轮6转动,进而带动转轴5转动,转轴5带动转盘4转动,从而带动永磁铁402转动,进而磁感线圈2不断切割永磁铁402的磁感线,所以磁感线圈2中可产生电流,通过整流电路整流后,给蓄电电池进行充电,本发明的扰流罩7配合聚流罩8,使得海流不断通过聚流罩7的底口802流向转轮叶601的叶槽602,不断带动转轮6转动,转轮叶601的后部呈流线造型,转轮6转动过程中能使海水更好的分流,同时叶槽602更有助于将海流能转换为机械能,使集能效率更高,同时聚流罩8的设计可有效增加流过聚流罩8的海水的流速,因此可提高转轮6的转速,以提高能量转换的效率,扰流板9的设计可使得聚流罩8始终保持正对海水流向。
以上公开的仅为本发明的一个具体实施例,但是,本发明并非局限于此,任何本领域的技术人员能思之的变化都应落入本发明的保护范围。

Claims (3)

1.一种海流发电装置,包括转轴,其特征是:所述转轴的下部固定环套有转轮,所述转轴穿过扰流罩的中心部,所述转轴的下端通过筒型轴承与所述扰流罩连接,所述转轴穿过浮力箱,所述转轴通过轴承与浮力箱连接,所述浮力箱的顶部固接有发电筒,所述发电筒的顶部固接有筒盖,所述转轴的顶部与转盘的底部固接,所述转盘的边缘均匀固接有六个支板,每个所述支板上均匀固接有三个永磁铁,所述发电筒内均匀固接有六组磁感线圈,所述磁感线圈与所述永磁铁相对应,所述扰流罩的上部固接有扰流板,所述扰流板呈折页状,所述扰流罩上设有聚流罩,所述聚流罩的底口连通所述扰流罩,所述扰流罩通过连接杆与所述浮力箱的底部固接。
2.根据权利要求1所述的海流发电装置,其特征是:所述浮力箱为空心结构,所述浮力箱呈四棱台状。
3.根据权利要求1所述的海流发电装置,其特征是:所述聚流罩的敞口的横截面积是所述聚流罩的底口的横截面积的三倍。
CN201710233226.XA 2017-04-11 2017-04-11 一种海流发电装置 Pending CN107366603A (zh)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710233226.XA CN107366603A (zh) 2017-04-11 2017-04-11 一种海流发电装置

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710233226.XA CN107366603A (zh) 2017-04-11 2017-04-11 一种海流发电装置

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107366603A true CN107366603A (zh) 2017-11-21

Family

ID=60303662

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710233226.XA Pending CN107366603A (zh) 2017-04-11 2017-04-11 一种海流发电装置

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107366603A (zh)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107956645A (zh) * 2017-12-19 2018-04-24 南京信息工程大学 一种风能和波浪能互补发电的海洋浮标
CN110239688A (zh) * 2019-06-26 2019-09-17 湖南工程学院 一种智慧型海上风电运维船结构
CN110281706A (zh) * 2019-07-02 2019-09-27 上汽通用汽车有限公司 车轮系统、汽车及车轮加热方法
CN115324809A (zh) * 2022-08-19 2022-11-11 中国长江三峡集团有限公司 波流发电装置

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050099012A1 (en) * 2003-11-10 2005-05-12 Williams Fred E.Jr. Hydroelectric system
WO2012130037A1 (zh) * 2011-03-30 2012-10-04 Zhang Qun 一种水流发电装置
CN103147901A (zh) * 2013-03-15 2013-06-12 江苏中蕴风电科技有限公司 无动力漂浮式洋流发电系统
CN105888955A (zh) * 2016-06-29 2016-08-24 于传祖 晃动式发电装置及浮标
CN105909455A (zh) * 2016-04-29 2016-08-31 河海大学 一种带有悬浮导向固定装置的水力发电机
CN206801770U (zh) * 2017-04-11 2017-12-26 安徽军迪信息技术有限公司 一种海流发电装置

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050099012A1 (en) * 2003-11-10 2005-05-12 Williams Fred E.Jr. Hydroelectric system
WO2012130037A1 (zh) * 2011-03-30 2012-10-04 Zhang Qun 一种水流发电装置
CN103147901A (zh) * 2013-03-15 2013-06-12 江苏中蕴风电科技有限公司 无动力漂浮式洋流发电系统
CN105909455A (zh) * 2016-04-29 2016-08-31 河海大学 一种带有悬浮导向固定装置的水力发电机
CN105888955A (zh) * 2016-06-29 2016-08-24 于传祖 晃动式发电装置及浮标
CN206801770U (zh) * 2017-04-11 2017-12-26 安徽军迪信息技术有限公司 一种海流发电装置

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107956645A (zh) * 2017-12-19 2018-04-24 南京信息工程大学 一种风能和波浪能互补发电的海洋浮标
CN110239688A (zh) * 2019-06-26 2019-09-17 湖南工程学院 一种智慧型海上风电运维船结构
CN110281706A (zh) * 2019-07-02 2019-09-27 上汽通用汽车有限公司 车轮系统、汽车及车轮加热方法
CN115324809A (zh) * 2022-08-19 2022-11-11 中国长江三峡集团有限公司 波流发电装置
CN115324809B (zh) * 2022-08-19 2023-06-16 中国长江三峡集团有限公司 波流发电装置

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Lagoun et al. Ocean wave converters: State of the art and current status
CN107366603A (zh) 一种海流发电装置
Wang et al. A review on tidal power utilization and operation optimization
CN107100787B (zh) 一种模块化波浪能、潮流能、风能、太阳能集成发电平台
CN102251913B (zh) 一种海浪发电装置及海浪发电系统
WO2020083013A1 (zh) 一种半潜式海洋能发电方法及装置
CN203892103U (zh) 一种海流能和波浪能联合发电装置
CN206801770U (zh) 一种海流发电装置
CN104728046B (zh) 一种新型的风浪发电系统
US20160169208A1 (en) Air-cushioned small hydraulic power generating device
CN109185066A (zh) 一种浮式风能、波浪能、潮汐能联合发电系统
CN107956645A (zh) 一种风能和波浪能互补发电的海洋浮标
CN104481780B (zh) 浅浸没漂浮式带导流罩水平轴海流发电系统
CN105909455B (zh) 一种带有悬浮导向固定装置的水力发电机
CN206071792U (zh) 一种海洋发电装置
CN201416515Y (zh) 海上风力发电装置
CN215907989U (zh) 一种建造于围垦滩涂闸口的潮汐发电装置
CN109750645A (zh) 集成波浪能与潮流能发电装置的梳式防波堤
JP2013119848A (ja) 整流板とフロートを用いた波力・水力発電方法
Kim et al. A study on the performance of an 100 kW class tidal current turbine
CN206801758U (zh) 一种新型海流发电装置
CN209083460U (zh) 一种组合式多级获能潮流能发电平台
CN211397766U (zh) 一种水下涡轮发电装置
CN104279117A (zh) 一种利用太阳能及潮汛能进行发电的发电机
CN204572322U (zh) 一种万向水流发电机

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20171121

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication