CN107357730B - System fault diagnosis and repair method and device - Google Patents

System fault diagnosis and repair method and device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107357730B
CN107357730B CN201710580322.1A CN201710580322A CN107357730B CN 107357730 B CN107357730 B CN 107357730B CN 201710580322 A CN201710580322 A CN 201710580322A CN 107357730 B CN107357730 B CN 107357730B
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fault
data
type
diagnosis
establishing
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CN107357730A (en
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王慧锋
王晓通
张凯顺
郭锋
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Suzhou Langchao Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Suzhou Langchao Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F11/00Error detection; Error correction; Monitoring
    • G06F11/36Preventing errors by testing or debugging software
    • G06F11/362Software debugging
    • G06F11/366Software debugging using diagnostics

Abstract

The patent refers to the field of 'transmission of digital information'. Disclosed herein is a system fault diagnosis and repair method, comprising: respectively extracting the characteristics of fault data of each fault type through historical fault data, and establishing a fault diagnosis model; when the system has a fault, inputting the data of the current fault into the fault diagnosis model, and analyzing and determining the fault type of the current fault; and calling a fault processing strategy corresponding to the fault type of the current fault to repair the fault. A system fault diagnosis and repair device is also provided.

Description

System fault diagnosis and repair method and device
Technical Field
The invention relates to a cloud computing data center technology, in particular to a fault automatic diagnosis and repair scheme of an operation and maintenance automation platform system.
Background
With the advancement of the informatization process of companies, the number of business modules is increased rapidly, and the operation and maintenance difficulty is increased. The complexity of the service module makes system failure handling more difficult. How to automatically diagnose and repair system faults, reduce operation and maintenance cost and reduce the loss of the system faults to companies becomes important.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problem of providing a system fault diagnosis and repair method and device, which can improve the system fault diagnosis efficiency.
In order to solve the technical problem, the invention discloses a system fault diagnosis and repair method, which comprises the following steps:
respectively extracting the characteristics of fault data of each fault type through historical fault data, and establishing a fault diagnosis model;
when the system has a fault, inputting the data of the current fault into the fault diagnosis model, and analyzing and determining the fault type of the current fault;
and calling a fault processing strategy corresponding to the fault type of the current fault to repair the fault.
Optionally, in the method, the extracting the features of the fault data of each fault type respectively through the historical fault data, and the establishing the fault diagnosis model includes:
and extracting the characteristics of the fault data of different fault types from the historical fault data by using a comparison mode, and establishing a fault diagnosis model according to the extracted characteristics.
Optionally, in the above method, the extracting, by using the comparison mode, the characteristics of the fault data of different fault types from the historical fault data includes:
the support degree sup (P, D) of the contrast pattern P is calculated by the following formulai) The contrast pattern P ═ I1I2I3…I|P|For frequent occurrences in a data set of one fault type, infrequent patterns in data sets of other fault types, are characterized for fault data of that fault type:
sup(P,Di)=|{S|S∈Diand P appears in S }/| Di|;i∈[1,k]
Wherein D i denotes the failure data set of the i-th failure type, and k is the total number of types of failure data;
and sup (P, D)i) The first threshold value alpha is larger than the support degree and is smaller than the second threshold value beta.
Optionally, in the method, the establishing a fault diagnosis model includes:
establishing a fault diagnosis model phi according to the following formula:
Φ={F1,F2,...Fk};
Fi={f(P)|P∈Ti};
wiis the weight of the function f (Pi);
Ti={P1,P2…Pnis the i-th type failure data set Di(i∈[1,k]) N ═ k.
Optionally, the method further includes:
and calling a fault processing strategy corresponding to the fault type of the current fault, and after fault repair, if the fault cannot be effectively solved, sending fault data to operation and maintenance personnel for manual intervention processing.
There is also provided a system fault diagnosis and repair apparatus comprising:
the first unit is used for respectively extracting the characteristics of fault data of each fault type through historical fault data and establishing a fault diagnosis model;
the second unit is used for inputting the data of the current fault into the fault diagnosis model when the system has the fault, and analyzing and determining the fault type of the current fault;
and the third unit is used for calling a fault processing strategy corresponding to the fault type of the current fault to carry out fault repair.
Optionally, in the above apparatus, the first unit respectively extracts features of fault data of each fault type according to historical fault data, and the establishing a fault diagnosis model includes:
and extracting the characteristics of the fault data of different fault types from the historical fault data by using a comparison mode, and establishing a fault diagnosis model according to the extracted characteristics.
Optionally, in the foregoing apparatus, the extracting, by using the comparison mode, the characteristics of the fault data of different fault types from the historical fault data includes:
the support degree sup (P, D) of the contrast pattern P is calculated by the following formulai) The contrast pattern P ═ I1I2I3…I|P|For frequent occurrences in a data set of one fault type, infrequent patterns in data sets of other fault types, are characterized for fault data of that fault type:
sup(P,Di)=|{S|S∈Diand P appears in S }/| Di|;i∈[1,k]
Wherein D i denotes the failure data set of the i-th failure type, and k is the total number of types of failure data;
and sup (P, D)i) The first threshold value alpha is larger than the support degree and is smaller than the second threshold value beta.
Optionally, in the above apparatus, the establishing a fault diagnosis model from the extracted features includes:
establishing a fault diagnosis model phi according to the following formula:
Φ={F1,F2,...Fk};
Fi={f(P)|P∈Ti};
wiis the weight of the function f (Pi);
Ti={P1,P2…Pnis the i-th type failure data set Di(i∈[1,k]) N ═ k.
Optionally, in the above apparatus, the third unit calls a fault handling policy corresponding to a fault type of the current fault, and after the fault is repaired, if the fault cannot be effectively solved, sends the fault data to an operation and maintenance worker for manual intervention.
According to the technical scheme, on one hand, the effect of efficient access of fault data is achieved by establishing the multi-level index, on the other hand, the problem that manual fault data classification is difficult is solved through semi-supervised learning in machine learning, so that efficient access and automatic classification of the fault data are achieved, time spent on manual troubleshooting and processing is reduced, and losses of companies are reduced.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a flowchart of a system fault diagnosis and repair method according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the technical solutions of the present invention will be further described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments of the present application may be arbitrarily combined with each other without conflict.
The embodiment provides a system fault diagnosis and repair method, as shown in fig. 1, which mainly includes the following operations:
step 100: respectively extracting the characteristics of fault data of each fault type through historical fault data, and establishing a fault diagnosis model;
in this step, the purpose of extracting the features of the fault data is to perform fault classification. The types of failures referred to herein may include disk-like failures (e.g., failures such as insufficient disk space), CPU-like failures (e.g., failures such as full CPU load), traffic-like failures (e.g., failures such as abnormal traffic types).
In this embodiment, considering that the comparison mode has inherent advantages in describing the characteristics of various samples, the comparison mode of various fault types may be selected as the characteristics of the fault data of different fault types when establishing the fault diagnosis model and performing fault repair.
The specific extraction method is as follows, and for convenience of description, we use D ═ D1,D2,…,DkDenotes the set of failure data, DkA fault data set representing a kth type of fault. Contrast pattern P ═ I1I2I3…I|P|Patterns that occur frequently in one class of failure data and infrequently in other classes are described. Support of usage patterns (sup (P, D)i) Measure the pattern P in the data set DiThe calculation method may employ equation 1 shown below.
sup(P,Di)=|{S|S∈DiAnd P appears in S }/| DiEquation 1
Wherein i ∈ [1, k ]]) And contrast pattern P support sup (P, D)i) The following requirements are to be met:
sup(P,Di)>α;sup(P,Dj)<β(j∈[1,k]∧j!=i);
namely sup (P, D)i) And the first threshold value alpha of the support degree is the minimum value of the support degree in the fault data sets of various fault types, and the second threshold value beta of the support degree is the maximum value of the support degree in the fault data sets of various fault types. The basis for establishing the fault diagnosis model is a fault data warehouse, and the characteristics of the fault data in the fault data warehouse are obtained according to the mode.
Given some kind of fault data Di(i∈[1,k]) Mode set T ofi={P1,P2…PnF, failure diagnosis model phi1,F2,...FkIn which FiWhere { f (P) | P ∈ T } represents a mathematical model of the ith type of fault data, whereThe pattern set T can be obtained by a data mining algorithm, such as DPMiner algorithm, MDSP-CGC algorithm, etc. Function f (P)i) Weight w iniCan be obtained by a corresponding weight learning algorithm. In summary, a mathematical model Φ for fault diagnosis can be obtained.
Step 200: when the system has a fault, inputting the data of the current fault into a fault diagnosis model, and analyzing and confirming the fault type of the current fault;
the method comprises the steps of collecting fault information (namely acquiring data of a current fault through a fault log) when a system has a fault, inputting a fault diagnosis model phi, and judging to obtain a fault type.
Step 300: and calling a fault processing strategy corresponding to the fault type of the current fault to repair the fault.
In this step, after the fault type is obtained, a method for solving a certain fault built in the system may be called, that is, a fault processing policy corresponding to the fault type performs a corresponding repair operation. If the built-in fault processing method (namely the fault processing strategy corresponding to the fault type) fails to effectively solve the fault, the fault information can be sent to the relevant operation and maintenance personnel for manual intervention and solution. The fault handling policy corresponding to different fault types may adopt any existing manner, and this embodiment is not particularly limited to this.
The embodiment also provides a system fault diagnosis and repair device, which at least comprises the following units.
The first unit is used for respectively extracting the characteristics of fault data of each fault type through historical fault data and establishing a fault diagnosis model;
optionally, the first unit may extract features of the fault data of different fault types from the historical fault data using the comparison mode, and build the fault diagnosis model from the extracted features.
Specifically, the support level sup (P, D) of the contrast pattern P is calculated using the following formulai) The contrast pattern P ═ I1I2I3…I|P|For frequent occurrences in a data set of one fault type, infrequent patterns in data sets of other fault types, are characterized for fault data of that fault type:
sup(P,Di)=|{S|S∈Diand P appears in S }/| Di|;i∈[1,k]
Wherein D i denotes the failure data set of the i-th failure type, and k is the total number of types of failure data;
and sup (P, D)i) The first threshold value alpha is larger than the support degree and is smaller than the second threshold value beta.
Then, establishing a fault diagnosis model according to the extracted characteristics of the fault data of each fault type comprises the following steps:
establishing a fault diagnosis model phi according to the following formula:
Φ={F1,F2,...Fk};
Fi={f(P)|P∈Ti};
wiis the weight of the function f (Pi);
Ti={P1,P2…Pnis the i-th type failure data set Di(i∈[1,k]) N ═ k.
The second unit is used for inputting the data of the current fault into the fault diagnosis model when the system has the fault, and analyzing and determining the fault type of the current fault;
and the third unit is used for calling a fault processing strategy corresponding to the fault type of the current fault to carry out fault repair.
It should be noted that, a fault handling policy corresponding to the fault type of the current fault is called, after the fault is repaired, if the fault cannot be solved effectively, the fault data is sent to the operation and maintenance personnel for manual intervention handling. The fault handling policy corresponding to different fault types referred to herein may adopt any existing manner, and this embodiment is not particularly limited to this.
In addition, the apparatus can implement the system fault diagnosis and repair method described in the above embodiment, and therefore, for some specific operation details of the apparatus, reference may be made to corresponding contents of the above method embodiment, which is not described herein again.
It will be understood by those skilled in the art that all or part of the steps of the above methods may be implemented by instructing the relevant hardware through a program, and the program may be stored in a computer readable storage medium, such as a read-only memory, a magnetic or optical disk, and the like. Alternatively, all or part of the steps of the above embodiments may be implemented using one or more integrated circuits. Accordingly, each module/unit in the above embodiments may be implemented in the form of hardware, and may also be implemented in the form of a software functional module. The present application is not limited to any specific form of hardware or software combination.
The above description is only a preferred example of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. A system fault diagnosis and repair method is characterized by comprising the following steps:
respectively extracting the characteristics of fault data of each fault type through historical fault data, and establishing a fault diagnosis model;
when the system has a fault, inputting the data of the current fault into the fault diagnosis model, and analyzing and determining the fault type of the current fault;
calling the fault processing strategy corresponding to the fault type of the current fault to carry out fault repair,
the step of respectively extracting the characteristics of the fault data of each fault type through historical fault data and establishing a fault diagnosis model comprises the following steps:
extracting the characteristics of fault data of different fault types from historical fault data by using a contrast mode, establishing a fault diagnosis model according to the extracted characteristics,
the extracting the characteristics of the fault data of different fault types from the historical fault data by using the comparison mode comprises the following steps:
the support degree sup (P, D) of the contrast pattern P is calculated by the following formulai) The contrast pattern P ═ I1I2I3…I|P|For frequent occurrences in a data set of one fault type, infrequent patterns in data sets of other fault types, are characterized for fault data of that fault type:
sup(P,Di)=|{S|S∈Diand P appears in S }/| Di|;i∈[1,k]
In the formula, Di represents a fault data set of the ith fault type, and k is the total number of the types of the fault data;
and sup (P, D)i) The first threshold value alpha is greater than the support degree and is smaller than the second threshold value beta,
the establishing of the fault diagnosis model comprises the following steps:
establishing a fault diagnosis model phi according to the following formula:
Φ={F1,F2,...Fk};
Fi={f(P)|P∈Ti};
wiis the weight of the function f (Pi);
Ti={P1,P2…Pnis the i-th type failure data set Di(i∈[1,k]) N ═ k.
2. The method of claim 1, further comprising:
and calling a fault processing strategy corresponding to the fault type of the current fault, and after fault repair, if the fault cannot be effectively solved, sending fault data to operation and maintenance personnel for manual intervention processing.
3. A system fault diagnosis repair apparatus, comprising:
the first unit is used for respectively extracting the characteristics of fault data of each fault type through historical fault data and establishing a fault diagnosis model;
the second unit is used for inputting the data of the current fault into the fault diagnosis model when the system has the fault, and analyzing and determining the fault type of the current fault;
a third unit for calling the fault processing strategy corresponding to the fault type of the current fault to carry out fault repair,
the first unit respectively extracts the characteristics of the fault data of each fault type through historical fault data, and the establishment of the fault diagnosis model comprises the following steps:
extracting the characteristics of fault data of different fault types from historical fault data by using a contrast mode, establishing a fault diagnosis model according to the extracted characteristics,
the extracting the characteristics of the fault data of different fault types from the historical fault data by using the comparison mode comprises the following steps:
the support degree sup (P, D) of the contrast pattern P is calculated by the following formulai) The contrast pattern P ═ I1I2I3…I|P|For frequent occurrences in a data set of one fault type, infrequent patterns in data sets of other fault types, are characterized for fault data of that fault type:
sup(P,Di)=|{S|S∈Diand P appears in S }/| Di|;i∈[1,k]
In the formula, Di represents a fault data set of the ith fault type, and k is the total number of the types of the fault data;
and sup (P, D)i) The first threshold value alpha is greater than the support degree and is smaller than the second threshold value beta,
the establishing of the fault diagnosis model by the extracted features refers to:
establishing a fault diagnosis model phi according to the following formula:
Φ={F1,F2,...Fk};
Fi={f(P)|P∈Ti};
wiis the weight of the function f (Pi);
Ti={P1,P2…Pnis the i-th type failure data set Di(i∈[1,k]) N ═ k.
4. The apparatus of claim 3,
and the third unit calls a fault processing strategy corresponding to the fault type of the current fault, and after fault repair is carried out, if the fault cannot be effectively solved, the fault data is sent to operation and maintenance personnel for manual intervention processing.
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