CN107323929A - A kind of solid-liquid separating type trash compactor - Google Patents

A kind of solid-liquid separating type trash compactor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107323929A
CN107323929A CN201710509460.0A CN201710509460A CN107323929A CN 107323929 A CN107323929 A CN 107323929A CN 201710509460 A CN201710509460 A CN 201710509460A CN 107323929 A CN107323929 A CN 107323929A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
waste liquid
rubbish
solid
liquid
compression
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710509460.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄彬彬
季美
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Changzhou Xin Bin Textile Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Changzhou Xin Bin Textile Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Changzhou Xin Bin Textile Co Ltd filed Critical Changzhou Xin Bin Textile Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710509460.0A priority Critical patent/CN107323929A/en
Publication of CN107323929A publication Critical patent/CN107323929A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F9/00Transferring of refuse between vehicles or containers with intermediate storage or pressing

Abstract

The present invention is compressed to rubbish first, effectively and completely waste liquid can be removed inside rubbish, without any waste liquid seepage, waste liquid carries out deodorization and absorption through screen pack and activated carbon simultaneously, reduce waste liquid stink and toxicity, effectively influence of the reduction waste liquid to surrounding environment, efficiently separated waste liquid and solid refuse, the present invention to waste liquid by being collected, it is effectively improved the phenomenon that seepage and pollution occur in transport and processing procedure because of waste liquid for rubbish, waste liquid is sufficiently collected simultaneously, because waste liquid is mainly organic impurities present in house refuse, after it is deodorized and adsorbed, collect again, the waste liquid of collection can be regard as biogas slurry fermentation process, it is secondary to utilize, while environment and processing rubbish is improved, waste liquid is reasonably utilized, give full play to the surplus value of rubbish, with good prospect of the application.

Description

A kind of solid-liquid separating type trash compactor
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of solid-liquid separating type trash compactor, belong to technical field of waste treatment.
Background technology
Domestic waste is primarily referred to as what city dweller produced in the daily lifes such as family, business activity, catering trade Solid waste.Compression device is used as the equipment of the most critical of refuse transfer station, the operation principle of trash compactor:House refuse It is collected into compression chamber, when chamber to be compressed fills rubbish, press belt dynamic head is acted on loose rubbish, realizes garbage-compressing The requirement of volume reduction.After after garbage-compressing to regulation density, gate opening is pushed out to transfer car(buggy) by shoveling by executing garbage is molded On.Refuse transfer station is generally ground pit type using compressor, i.e., its column of support four is fixed in building construction melt pit.This form Transfer station have that building construction is highly low, floor space is small, pollution is small, the low feature of simple to operate, energy consumption, be mainly used in In big-and-middle-sized garbage transfer station.Its press head traveling mode and pressure head formal classification mainly have rectilinear, the form such as horizontal Compressor.
Vertical trash compactor most commonly pressure head suspension type vertical formula compressor, the pressure head of this compressor on the market It is suspended on by three oil cylinders on big rack beam, main compression cylinder vertical compression rubbish is pushed by two power-assisted oil cylinders of three oil cylinders Rubbish.After the completion of compression, casing is lifted together with pressure head by hydraulic cylinder, but there is also obvious when in use for this kind of compressor Defect, is embodied in sealing property and outside deodorization blowdown apparatus is not perfect enough, residential block is placed in Biohazard Waste Disposal attached more Closely, the stench come out in standing makes a big impact to periphery villager and operating personnel, while can not be done to the rubbish of collection To separation of solid and liquid, the problems such as seepage, pollution can occur in transport, processing procedure, so one kind is prepared by rubbish separation of solid and liquid, point The compressor do not collected and made the best use of everything, as the problem of continuation is solved in terms of garbage disposal instantly.
The content of the invention
Present invention mainly solves technical problem:Removed for existing trash compactor compressed garbage sealing property and outside Smelly blowdown apparatus is not perfect enough, and it is solid there is provided one kind that the problems such as seepage, pollution can occur in transport, processing procedure for waste liquid Liquid divergence type trash compactor.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted in the present invention:
A kind of solid-liquid separating type trash compactor, including compressor body frame, described compressor body frame bottom are fixed with compressor Oil pump is fixed with below fixed mount, the compressor upper frame of top compression owner's top of the trellis, oil pump is connected with hydraulic stem, under hydraulic stem Portion, which is provided with below compression plate, compression plate, has one without cap-type refuse collection basket, and refuse collection basket bottom is extension type bottom plate, can Expansion link is fixed with below telescopic bottom plate, sieve tray is fixed with refuse collection basket surrounding, gear is installed in sieve tray surrounding Liquid plate, liquid barrier lower end is connected with waste liquid collection funnel, and waste liquid collection funnel bottom is provided with the filter pipe of bending, Pipe bent position is also equipped with filter screen inside bending filter pipe, is connected with water pump in the filter pipe end, water pump other end connects There is the collection valve with switch.
A kind of compression separation method of solid-liquid separating type trash compactor, by the dumping of required compression to refuse collection In basket, depth of the height no more than refuse collection basket is stacked in control, is then driven by oil pump fixed below compressor upper frame Hydraulic stem, makes compression plate slowly move down and is molded rubbish forced compression, while compression, the waste liquid existed inside rubbish The slow sieve tray for oozing out and being connected by surrounding is spilt, after waste liquid is excessively extruded, and is stopped through liquid barrier and in gravity Effect drops down onto waste liquid collection funnel under descending slowly, and due to pumping for water pump running, the waste liquid of collection is through waste liquid collection funnel Filter pipe is collected and flow into, is filtered layer by layer through the filter screen inside filter pipe, is most collected afterwards through collecting valve, by waste liquid It is collected by filtration, while compressed solid refuse is compressed into block under compression plate effect, and by expansion link by extension type bottom Blocking rubbish is compressed on plate and is increased to refuse collection basket top, will can complete to consolidate rubbish after blocks of solid refuse collection Liquid is separated.
Described sieve aperture panel aperture is 6~8mm.
Described filter screen aperture is 3~5mm.
Described sieve tray and the inside of filter screen are respectively and fixedly provided with activated carbon, and deodorization absorption is carried out to waste liquid.
Described liquid barrier upper horizontal is highly higher than refuse collection basket 5~10cm of top.
Described waste liquid collection funnel depth is consistent with refuse collection basket depth.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
(1)The present invention is compressed to rubbish first, effectively and completely can be removed waste liquid inside rubbish, without any rubbish Liquid seepage, while waste liquid carries out deodorization and absorption, reduction waste liquid stink and toxicity, effectively reduction through screen pack and activated carbon Influence of the waste liquid to surrounding environment, is efficiently separated waste liquid and solid refuse;
(2)The present invention is effectively improved rubbish and sent out in transport and processing procedure because of waste liquid by being collected to waste liquid Raw seepage and the phenomenon of pollution, while sufficiently being collected to waste liquid, exist because waste liquid is mainly in house refuse Organic impurities, after it is deodorized and adsorbed, collect again, the waste liquid of collection can be regard as biogas slurry fermentation process, secondary profit With, while environment and processing rubbish is improved, waste liquid is reasonably utilized, the surplus value of rubbish is given full play to, With good prospect of the application.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is solid-liquid separating type trash compactor front cross-sectional schematic diagram of the present invention.
Wherein 1, compressor body frame;2nd, compressor fixed mount;3rd, compressor upper frame;4th, oil pump;5th, hydraulic stem;6th, compress Plate;7th, sieve tray;8th, extension type bottom plate;9th, liquid barrier;10th, waste liquid collection funnel;11st, filter pipe;12nd, sieves Net;13rd, water pump;14th, valve is collected;15th, expansion link;16th, refuse collection basket.
Embodiment
A kind of solid-liquid separating type trash compactor, including compressor body frame 1, the described bottom of compressor body frame 1 are fixed with Compressor fixed mount 2, the lower section of compressor upper frame 3 at the top of top compression owner frame 1 is fixed with oil pump 4, oil pump 4 and hydraulic stem 5 It is connected, the bottom of hydraulic stem 5 is provided with compression plate 6, there is refuse collection basket 16 lower section of compression plate 6, and 16 bottoms of refuse collection basket are Extension type bottom plate 8, the lower section of extension type bottom plate 8 is fixed with expansion link 15, and sieve tray is fixed with refuse collection 16 surroundings of basket 7, liquid barrier 9 is installed in the surrounding of sieve tray 7, the lower end of liquid barrier 9 is connected with waste liquid collection funnel 10, waste liquid collection funnel 10 bottoms are provided with the filter pipe 11 of bending, and pipe bent position is also equipped with filter screen 12 inside bending filter pipe, in mistake The end of chimney filter road 11 is connected with water pump 13, and the other end of water pump 13 is connected to the collection valve 14 with switch;A kind of solid-liquid separating type rubbish The compression separation method of rubbish compressor, by the dumping of required compression into refuse collection basket 16, control is stacked height and not surpassed The depth of refuse collection basket 16 is crossed, hydraulic stem 5 is then driven by the fixed oil pump 4 in the lower section of compressor upper frame 3, makes compression plate 6 Slow to move down and be molded rubbish forced compression, while compression, the waste liquid existed inside rubbish slowly oozes out and passed through Surrounding connection sieve tray 7 spill, after waste liquid is excessively extruded, through liquid barrier 9 stop and under gravity slowly under Waste liquid collection funnel 10 is dropped down onto, because water pump 13 draws water running, the waste liquid of collection is collected simultaneously through waste liquid collection funnel 10 Filter pipe 11 is flowed into, is filtered layer by layer through the filter screen 12 inside filter pipe, is most collected afterwards through collecting valve 14, by waste liquid It is collected by filtration, while compressed solid refuse is compressed into block under compression plate effect, and by expansion link 15 by extension type Blocking rubbish is compressed on bottom plate 8 and is increased to the top of refuse collection basket 16, will can be completed to rubbish after blocks of solid refuse collection The separation of solid and liquid of rubbish;Described sieve aperture panel aperture is 6~8mm;Described filter screen aperture is 3~5mm;Described sieve tray Activated carbon is respectively and fixedly provided with the inside of filter screen, deodorization absorption is carried out to waste liquid;The described upper horizontal of liquid barrier 9 height Higher than 16 5~10cm of top of refuse collection basket;The described depth of waste liquid collection funnel 10 is consistent with refuse collection 16 depth of basket.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of solid-liquid separating type trash compactor, it is characterised in that:Including compressor body frame(1), described compressor body frame (1)Bottom is fixed with compressor fixed mount(2), top compression owner's frame(1)The compressor upper frame at top(3)Lower section is fixed with oil Pump(4), oil pump(4)With hydraulic stem(5)It is connected, hydraulic stem(5)Bottom is provided with compression plate(6), compression plate(6)There is a rubbish lower section Rubbish collects basket(16), refuse collection basket(16)Bottom is extension type bottom plate(8), extension type bottom plate(8)Lower section, which is fixed with, stretches Contracting bar(15), in refuse collection basket(16)Surrounding is fixed with sieve tray(7), in sieve tray(7)Surrounding is provided with liquid barrier(9), Liquid barrier(9)Lower end and waste liquid collection funnel(10)It is connected, waste liquid collection funnel(10)Bottom is provided with the filtering of bending Pipeline(11), pipe bent position is also equipped with filter screen inside bending filter pipe(12), in filter pipe(11)The end is connected There is water pump(13), water pump(13)Other end is connected to the collection valve with switch(14).
2. a kind of compression separation method of solid-liquid separating type trash compactor, it is characterised in that:By the dumping of required compression To refuse collection basket(16)In, control stacks height no more than refuse collection basket(16)Depth, then pass through compressor upper frame (3)The oil pump that lower section is fixed(4)Drive hydraulic stem(5), make compression plate(6)It is slow to move down and be molded rubbish forced compression, While compression, the sieve tray that the waste liquid existed inside rubbish slowly oozes out and connected by surrounding(7)Spill, work as waste liquid After being excessively extruded, through liquid barrier(9)Stop and under gravity slowly under drop down onto waste liquid collection funnel(10), due to water Pump(13)Draw water running, the waste liquid of collection is through waste liquid collection funnel(10)It is collected and flow into filter pipe(11), through filtering Filter screen inside pipeline(12)Filter layer by layer, most afterwards through collecting valve(14)Collect, waste liquid is collected by filtration, while through pressure The solid refuse of contracting is compressed into block under compression plate effect, and by expansion link(15)By extension type bottom plate(8)On be compressed into The rubbish of block is increased to refuse collection basket(16)Top, will can complete the solid-liquid point to rubbish after blocks of solid refuse collection From.
3. a kind of solid-liquid separating type trash compactor according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described sieve aperture panel aperture For 6~8mm.
4. a kind of solid-liquid separating type trash compactor according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described sieves mesh Footpath is 3~5mm.
5. a kind of solid-liquid separating type trash compactor according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described sieve tray and mistake The inside of screen net is respectively and fixedly provided with activated carbon, and deodorization absorption is carried out to waste liquid.
6. a kind of solid-liquid separating type trash compactor according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described liquid barrier(9) Upper horizontal is highly higher than refuse collection basket(16)5~10cm of top.
7. a kind of solid-liquid separating type trash compactor according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described waste liquid is collected Funnel(10)Depth and refuse collection basket(16)Depth is consistent.
CN201710509460.0A 2017-06-28 2017-06-28 A kind of solid-liquid separating type trash compactor Pending CN107323929A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710509460.0A CN107323929A (en) 2017-06-28 2017-06-28 A kind of solid-liquid separating type trash compactor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710509460.0A CN107323929A (en) 2017-06-28 2017-06-28 A kind of solid-liquid separating type trash compactor

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107323929A true CN107323929A (en) 2017-11-07

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CN201710509460.0A Pending CN107323929A (en) 2017-06-28 2017-06-28 A kind of solid-liquid separating type trash compactor

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CN (1) CN107323929A (en)

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10250053A1 (en) * 2002-07-02 2004-01-22 Etlog Envirotech & Logistics Gmbh Machine for compressing and removing liquid from hospital waste comprises bin fitted with hydraulic ram which has funnel-shaped base on which drain is mounted
KR100756543B1 (en) * 2007-01-24 2007-09-12 홍지언 A trash compression system
CN205167624U (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-04-20 姜如云 Garbage compressor
CN205589827U (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-09-21 吴建南 Compressible disconnect -type garbage bin
CN206142242U (en) * 2016-09-23 2017-05-03 广州联帆科技有限公司 Nested formula environmental protection garbage truck of interior outer container
CN206156151U (en) * 2016-10-27 2017-05-10 天津瑞福特液压设备有限公司 Garbage compressor
CN206243860U (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-06-13 上海同蔚环境工程有限公司 A kind of refuse classification compression set
CN106882510A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-06-23 惠安县鑫泰信息科技有限公司 A kind of rotary refuse receptacle with compression function

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10250053A1 (en) * 2002-07-02 2004-01-22 Etlog Envirotech & Logistics Gmbh Machine for compressing and removing liquid from hospital waste comprises bin fitted with hydraulic ram which has funnel-shaped base on which drain is mounted
KR100756543B1 (en) * 2007-01-24 2007-09-12 홍지언 A trash compression system
CN205167624U (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-04-20 姜如云 Garbage compressor
CN205589827U (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-09-21 吴建南 Compressible disconnect -type garbage bin
CN206142242U (en) * 2016-09-23 2017-05-03 广州联帆科技有限公司 Nested formula environmental protection garbage truck of interior outer container
CN206156151U (en) * 2016-10-27 2017-05-10 天津瑞福特液压设备有限公司 Garbage compressor
CN206243860U (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-06-13 上海同蔚环境工程有限公司 A kind of refuse classification compression set
CN106882510A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-06-23 惠安县鑫泰信息科技有限公司 A kind of rotary refuse receptacle with compression function

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Application publication date: 20171107

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