CN107288836A - Axial plunger pump - Google Patents

Axial plunger pump Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN107288836A
CN107288836A CN201710240375.9A CN201710240375A CN107288836A CN 107288836 A CN107288836 A CN 107288836A CN 201710240375 A CN201710240375 A CN 201710240375A CN 107288836 A CN107288836 A CN 107288836A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
swash plate
plunger pump
axial plunger
straight line
housing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201710240375.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN107288836B (en
Inventor
朱焱炜
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuhan Juweitian Digital Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Wuhan Juweitian Digital Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN2016102261202 priority Critical
Priority to CN201610226120.2A priority patent/CN105756877A/en
Application filed by Wuhan Juweitian Digital Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd filed Critical Wuhan Juweitian Digital Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Publication of CN107288836A publication Critical patent/CN107288836A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107288836B publication Critical patent/CN107288836B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B1/00Multi-cylinder machines or pumps characterised by number or arrangement of cylinders
    • F04B1/12Multi-cylinder machines or pumps characterised by number or arrangement of cylinders having cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B1/00Multi-cylinder machines or pumps characterised by number or arrangement of cylinders
    • F04B1/12Multi-cylinder machines or pumps characterised by number or arrangement of cylinders having cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis
    • F04B1/14Multi-cylinder machines or pumps characterised by number or arrangement of cylinders having cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis having stationary cylinders
    • F04B1/16Multi-cylinder machines or pumps characterised by number or arrangement of cylinders having cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis having stationary cylinders having two or more sets of cylinders or pistons
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B1/00Multi-cylinder machines or pumps characterised by number or arrangement of cylinders
    • F04B1/12Multi-cylinder machines or pumps characterised by number or arrangement of cylinders having cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis
    • F04B1/14Multi-cylinder machines or pumps characterised by number or arrangement of cylinders having cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis having stationary cylinders
    • F04B1/141Details or component parts
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B1/00Multi-cylinder machines or pumps characterised by number or arrangement of cylinders
    • F04B1/12Multi-cylinder machines or pumps characterised by number or arrangement of cylinders having cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis
    • F04B1/14Multi-cylinder machines or pumps characterised by number or arrangement of cylinders having cylinder axes coaxial with, or parallel or inclined to, main shaft axis having stationary cylinders
    • F04B1/141Details or component parts
    • F04B1/146Swash plates; Actuating elements
    • F04B1/148Bearings therefor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B53/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B23/00 or F04B39/00 - F04B47/00
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B53/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B23/00 or F04B39/00 - F04B47/00
    • F04B53/001Noise damping
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B53/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B23/00 or F04B39/00 - F04B47/00
    • F04B53/006Crankshafts
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B53/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B23/00 or F04B39/00 - F04B47/00
    • F04B53/10Valves; Arrangement of valves
    • F04B53/102Disc valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B53/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B23/00 or F04B39/00 - F04B47/00
    • F04B53/10Valves; Arrangement of valves
    • F04B53/108Valves characterised by the material
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B53/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B23/00 or F04B39/00 - F04B47/00
    • F04B53/14Pistons, piston-rods or piston-rod connections

Abstract

There is provided a kind of axial plunger pump, including housing, it is installed in rotation in housing and includes the entering spindle of middle tiltedly curved segment, it is installed in rotation on the swash plate in the oblique curved segment in the centre, one end is by bulb hinged to the swash plate and the other end is provided with multiple connecting rods of plunger, and the cylinder body for the cylinder holes being reciprocally inserted with plunger, wherein described cylinder body is fixed relative to the housing, as the rotation of the entering spindle swash plate does space sphere swing, wherein, the intersection point of the axis of the oblique curved segment of the main shaft of the entering spindle and the centre, the sphere oscillation center of the swash plate, and the center of circle of the circle of the center composition of the bulb of the multiple connecting rod is overlapped at coincidence point (A).Overlapped by oversensitive, can further offset the unbalanced moments of the swash plate, further reduce vibration and the noise of whole axial plunger pump.

Description

Axial plunger pump
Technical field
The present invention relates to the field of axial plunger pump, and more particularly to it is a kind of be suitable to pumping low-viscosity (mobile) liquid, such as fresh water or The axial plunger pump of seawater.
Background technology
Plunger pump is the important device for pumping fluid.It is moved back and forth by plunger in the cylinder holes of cylinder body, is made close The volume of envelope working volumes changes to realize suction and spray.Plunger pump has rated pressure height, compact conformation, efficiency high The advantages of facilitating with Flow-rate adjustment, is widely used in the occasion that high pressure, big flow and flow need to adjust, such as hydraulic press, In engineering machinery and ship.
Plunger pump includes two kinds of representative forms of axial plunger pump and radial plunger pump, and axial plunger pump is due to volume Small the advantages of, and be used widely.
Traditional axial plunger pump includes cylinder body, reciprocating plunger and swash plate in cylinder body.One end of plunger exists Move back and forth in cylinder body to suck or ejecting fluid, and the other end is for example resisted against on swash plate by piston shoes and as cylinder body is rotated And slided on swash plate along the circumferencial direction of swash plate.And it is possible to realize the row of change by adjusting the angle of inclination of swash plate The pump of amount and pressure.
This structure is effective in terms of for highly viscous fluid, still, in the fluid to be pressurizeed for for example During the fluid of water, because the viscosity of water is low, poor lubricity etc., the greasy property between piston shoes and swash plate is poor, thus limit tiltedly The angle of inclination of disk, and then limit the discharge capacity of pump and the raising of pressure.
In order to overcome this problem, in the Chinese invention patent CN100362232C of the applicant is transferred, it is proposed that A kind of axial plunger pump for being applied to pumping low viscosity fluid, in this axial plunger pump, cylinder body keeps solid relative to housing Fixed, plunger is arranged on swash plate by bulb, and swash plate is rotatably installed on the crank throw of live spindle, and thus swash plate drives post Fill in sphere to swing, thus avoid the friction problem between swash plate and the piston shoes of plunger.But, the problem of this scheme is present exists It is cantilever support in live spindle, causes very big unbalanced moments so that in the process of running, the swing stability of swash plate Difference, the vibration of whole pump is big, causes the problems such as noise, friction.
In order to overcome this unbalanced moments, the Chinese utility model patent CN201739111U of the applicant is being transferred In, above-mentioned axial plunger pump is improved, i.e. so that live spindle supports for two ends, adopted near the input of main shaft With two groups of bearings to strengthen the support to main shaft, and the radial outside of swash plate is provided with guide runner, the guide runner exists The guide chute formed in the appropriate section of housing coordinates, to guide the swing of swash plate.But, this scheme is still without can not be thorough Bottom solves that plunger pump vibration is big, rotational stability is poor, noise and the problem of friction big etc., and also brings guide runner and guiding The friction increase of chute, and then reduce the life-span of whole pump.Further, since main shaft in its input by two groups of bearings, And in the opposite end of main shaft in addition using one group of bearings so that the problem of main shaft has Planar Mechanisms, thus, cause main shaft In stress it is excessive, reduce main shaft and and then whole pump life-span.
Above-mentioned two patent is incorporated by reference in its entirety.
Therefore, still suffer to the further improved needs of this axial plunger pump.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the above problems, it is proposed that the present invention.It is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of axial plunger pump, The axial plunger pump is particularly suitable for pumping low viscosity fluid, such as seawater or fresh water, and can have good equilibrium response, drop The vibration of low pump and noise, and improve the life-span of pump.
According to an aspect of the invention, there is provided a kind of axial plunger pump, the axial plunger pump includes housing, rotatable Ground is arranged in housing and the entering spindle including middle oblique curved segment, be installed in rotation on it is oblique in the oblique curved segment in the centre Disk, one end by bulb hinged to the swash plate and the other end be provided with plunger multiple connecting rods and can with plunger The cylinder body for the cylinder holes being reciprocally inserted, wherein the cylinder body is fixed relative to the housing, as the input is led The rotation swash plate of axle does space sphere swing, and wherein described entering spindle also includes first straight line section, and described first is straight Line segment is pivotally supported on the housing by bearing, and is additionally provided with gimbal in first straight line section, institute Gimbal is stated for eccentric structure and is rotated together with the entering spindle.
By setting the gimbal of eccentric structure, the unbalanced moments of the swash plate can be further offset, further drop The vibration of low whole axial plunger pump and noise.
It is advantageous that the intersection point of the axis of the oblique curved segment of axis and the centre of the first straight line section of the entering spindle, The center of circle for the circle that the center of the sphere oscillation center of the swash plate and the bulb of the multiple connecting rod is constituted is overlapped in coincidence point (A)。
By causing above-mentioned intersection point, oscillation center and the center of circle to overlap, when can offset the swash plate and doing space sphere swing Unbalanced moments, reduce vibration and the noise of whole axial plunger pump.
It is advantageous that also including swash plate limits change, the swash plate limit change on the one hand can by connecting shaft and the swash plate Connect in relative rotation, and on the other hand swash plate limit change is connected by the bearing pin diametrically set with the housing So that the swash plate limit change is swingable relative to the housing around the bearing pin.
The axis of connecting shaft and the intersection point of the axis of the bearing pin and the coincidence point weight of wherein described swash plate limit change Close.
Overlapped by the intersection point for causing swash plate to limit change with above-mentioned coincidence point, can further offset the injustice of the swash plate Weigh torque, further reduces vibration and the noise of whole axial plunger pump.
It is advantageous that also include flat valve, the flat valve include valve seat and suction valve core in valve seat and Discharge valve core, the suction valve core and the discharge valve core be biased to the valve seat respectively, wherein, the valve element by Corrosion resistant high strength light material is made, and the material is, for example, titanium alloy.
By using corrosion resistant high strength light material so that valve element can resist the corrosion of such as seawater, and can To mitigate its weight, the movement inertia of valve element is thus reduced.
It is advantageous that being formed with ring-type between the outer surface matching surface corresponding to the valve seat of each valve element Gap, the annular gap is for example not less than 0.5 millimeter.In addition, the valve seat forms the second gap with being engaged between element, should Second gap is for example at 0.3 to 0.4 millimeter.
By setting above-mentioned annular gap and the second gap, impact inertia when valve element is moved back and forth can be reduced.Thus Improve the functional reliability of flat valve, corrosion resistance, Adaptability of medium, and when reducing flat valve and axial plunger pump work Vibration and noise.
Brief description of the drawings
Above and other feature, advantage and the technological merit of the present invention can be by with reference to the accompanying drawings to the present invention's It is understood that in figure in the detailed description of preferred embodiment:
Fig. 1 is the principal section figure for showing axial plunger pump according to the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the fragmentary cross-sectional view for the swash plate part for showing the axial plunger pump shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is to show that swash plate limits the cross-sectional view of change;
Fig. 4 is the profile for showing flow valve block structure;
Fig. 5 is the perspective view for the gimbal for showing entering spindle and installing thereon;
Fig. 6 is Fig. 5 profile.
Embodiment
It is described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention.It is noted that the description only goes out It is unrestricted in the purpose of illustration, also, it will be appreciated by one of skill in the art that the present invention can be practiced in a variety of ways, And should not be limited to preferred embodiment described here.
In the following description, it is noted that the description as described in direction, such as outside, inner side, upside or downside are references Direction shown in accompanying drawing is made, in order to explanation and illustration, but the invention is not limited in this, but can basis Described part or the concrete application situation of device or installation site are varied from.
Fig. 1 shows the principal section figure of axial plunger pump according to the embodiment of the present invention.As shown in figure 1, axial columns Filling in pump (hereinafter referred to as pump) includes housing 1, and entering spindle 2 is pivotally supported on the housing 1 by bearing 31 and 32.Tool Say, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, entering spindle 2 includes first straight line section 21, middle tiltedly curved segment 22 and second straight line section 23 body, the One straightway 21 and second straight line section are 23 in alignment, and middle tiltedly curved segment 22 is provided integrally at first straight line section 21 and the Between two straightways 23.As shown in figure 3, the middle tiltedly axis of curved segment 22 and the axis of the first and second straightways 21 and 22 are into 15 To 40 degree of angle, the angle can change according to the expectation flow and pressure of pump.
The first straight line section 21 of entering spindle 2 is supported on housing 1 by bearing 31, for example, be supported on the end cap of housing 1 On 11, the bearing 31 is, for example, ball bearing.But the invention is not limited in this, it would however also be possible to employ other kinds of bearing.Together When, the second straight line section 23 of entering spindle 2 is also supported on housing 1 by another bearing 32 (being also, for example, ball bearing).
Middle tiltedly curved segment 22 can for example include two different diameter parts, and swash plate 5 for example passes through two different sizes Taper roll bearing 33 is rotatably installed in middle tiltedly curved segment 22.
As shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, in the first straight line section 21 of the entering spindle 2, such as, by key 24, it is provided with flat Weigh ring 25 so that entering spindle 2 and gimbal 25 can rotate jointly.Gimbal 25 includes axial component 251 and radial component 252, the axial component 251 is enclosed in the first straight line of entering spindle 2 section 21, and the inner ring of clutch shaft bearing 3 can be enclosed on this On the excircle of axial component 251.The radial component 252 of gimbal 25 is eccentrical shape, with the rotary course of entering spindle 2 In, offset the oblique curved segment 22 in centre in entering spindle 2 and imbalance that the swash plate that is installed in middle tiltedly curved segment 22 is brought.
The swash plate 5 of axial plunger pump is described referring to Fig. 2 and Fig. 3.As described above, swash plate 5 passes through two circular cones Roller bearing 33 is supported in the oblique curved segment 22 in the centre of entering spindle 2 so that swash plate 5 is tilted relative to the axis of entering spindle 2 The angle of 15 to 40 degree.Swash plate 5 includes swash plate body 51 and swash plate gland 52, and swash plate body 51 and swash plate gland 52 for example pass through Mode connects for screw is to together.Swash plate body 51 and swash plate gland 52 are equally spaced formed with multiple cavitys in a circumferential direction respectively, So that when swash plate body 51 and swash plate gland 52 are assemblied together, corresponding cavity pieces together bulb chamber, the bulb of connecting rod 71 are contained in each bulb chamber.
For each bulb chamber, as shown in Fig. 2 for example, it is recessed cavity to form cavity in swash plate body 51, And the cavity formed in swash plate gland 52 is Through-cavity, the Through-cavity is formed with enlarging on one end towards cylinder body 512.The recessed cavity pieces together bulb chamber with Through-cavity.In addition, distinguishing liner in above-mentioned recessed cavity and Through-cavity Have such as the cushion block 513 and 523 being made as copper, the cushion block 513 and 523 coordinates, and forms the bulb 71 of tight enclosure connecting rod Spherical hollow space, with bulb 71 formation ball pivot coordinate, with allow bulb 71 inside make spherical rotary motion.
Coordinated by setting single cushion block in bulb intracavitary with the formation ball pivot of bulb 71, with bulb 71 directly and swash plate Material formation ball pivot, which coordinates, to be compared, and can reduce the friction of bulb 71, and can be with readily replaceable, reduction when cushion block is worn Maintenance cost.
In addition, in order to balance the unbalanced moments of swash plate 5 in the course of the work, swash plate is provided with the outer circumferential side of swash plate 5 Change 8 is limited, on the one hand swash plate limit change 8 is for example connected by connecting shaft 81 with swash plate 5 so that swash plate limits change 8 and swash plate 5 It can be relatively rotated around the axis of connecting shaft 81, on the other hand, as shown in figure 3, swash plate limit change 8 passes through two relative pins The housing 1 of axle 82 and plunger pump is rotatably connected.Bearing pin 82 substantially differs 90 degree in a circumferential direction with connecting shaft 81.The swash plate The concrete structure of change 8 is limited described in Chinese utility model patent CN201739163U, the patent is therefore overall by quoting It is hereby incorporated by.
In addition, in order to further eliminate swash plate 5 in rotation process caused by unbalanced moments, entering spindle 2, swash plate 5, Swash plate limit change 8 be further constructed so that entering spindle 2 through first straight line section 21 and second straight line section 23 axis with Intersection point, the swash plate of the middle tiltedly axis of curved segment 22 make the center of sphere swing, the circle that the center of each plunger ball 71 is constituted The center of circle, the bearing pin 82 of swash plate limit change 8 and swash plate limit the joining coincidence for the connecting shaft 81 that change is connected with swash plate on one point, Identified and referred to as coincidence point with A in figure, hereinafter referred to as four hearts are overlapped.
With continued reference to Fig. 1, multiple connecting rods 7 are included according to the axial plunger pump of the present invention, one end of each connecting rod 7 passes through ball First 71 engage with the ball pivot of swash plate 5, and its other end is connected with plunger 4.In corresponding cylinder holes in the plunger 4 insertion cylinder body 10 101, with the drive of connecting rod 7 in cylinder holes 101 it is reciprocating.Cylinder body 10 is fixed relative to housing.
Reference picture 4, is additionally provided with flat valve 9 in housing 1, and the flat valve 9 optionally will open into the cylinder holes 101 of cylinder body Valve plate passage be connected with the suction passage and passing away of plunger pump.The flat valve includes valve seat 91, suction valve core 92nd, inhalation valve spring 93, discharge valve core 94, discharge valve spring 95.Inhalation valve spring 93 is biased in valve by valve core 92 is sucked On seat 91, with the suction passage 96 of canned pump, discharge valve spring 95 is biased in valve core 94 is discharged on valve seat 91 with canned pump Passing away 97.
Above-mentioned suction valve core and discharge valve core can use corrosion resistant high strength light material, such as titanium alloy system Into to mitigate its weight, thus reducing the movement inertia of valve element.
As shown in figure 4, suction valve core 92 and discharge valve core 94 are respectively installed to cause outer peripheral face and the matching of valve element The annular slot G1 between the inner peripheral surface of part is closed for example not less than 0.5 millimeter so that reduce valve element rubbing in quick motion Wipe resistance.In addition, being sealed between valve seat 91 and housing by sealing ring.After flat valve is assembled in housing, valve seat and phase Clearance G 2 is formed between co-operating member, the element that is engaged can include housing or valve pocket.The clearance G 2 for example 0.3 to Between 0.4 millimeter, for reducing impact inertia when valve element is moved back and forth, and then noise is reduced.
The working method of the axial plunger pump according to the present invention is briefly described below.
When according to axial plunger pump work of the invention, power source, such as motor (not shown) is activated so as to axle Input and rotate to plunger pump.
Under the drive of motor, the entering spindle 2 of axial plunger pump is rotated relative to housing 1, in entering spindle and branch Support under bearing, swash plate and swash plate spring bearing, the collective effect of swash plate limit change, the swash plate 5 in middle tiltedly curved segment 22 Do not rotate, but space sphere swing is done around coincidence point A.And due in the first straight line of entering spindle 2 section 21 Gimbal and swash plate limit the effect of change and because four heart described above is overlapped, and the swing imbalance of swash plate is effectively supported Disappear.
The sphere of swash plate 5 swings drivening rod and plunger 4 and moved back and forth in the cylinder holes 101 of cylinder body 10, to be pointed out It is that, due to the presence of enlarging 512, the bulb chamber and bulb and connecting rod of the swash plate during the sphere of swash plate 5 is swung can be avoided Interference.
Further as shown in figure 4, when plunger is motionless, due to inhalation valve spring and the bias effect of discharge valve spring, Sealing space is formed between cylinder holes and plunger front end and inlet valve.When plunger is moved upwards, form true in the sealing space Sky, when the pressure differential for sucking the both sides of valve core 92 is more than the biasing force of inhalation valve spring 93, suction valve core 92 is overcome suction The power for entering valve spring 93 moves right, thus, opens suction passage, sucks working media, such as water.When plunger is moved downward When, the pressure increase in sealing space so that suction valve core 92 is quickly closed, and now, the pressure of the increase overcomes discharge The biasing force of valve spring 94 and will discharge valve core 93 open, thus by cylinder holes medium discharge.And so on so that axially Plunger pump sucks medium and discharged after the medium is pressurizeed.
In the present invention, by setting gimbal in the first straight line of entering spindle section, and by by structures such as swash plates Part is configured to the coincidence of four hearts, can offset the unbalanced moments in swash plate motion process so that according to the axial columns of the present invention Plug pump more smoothly works, reduces work noise and reduces the abrasion of equipment.And thereby eliminate in the prior art defeated Enter the need for two groups of bearings are set in the first straight line section of main shaft, the problem of overcoming the Planar Mechanisms of entering spindle.
In the present invention, by causing valve seat and pump housing retention gap, impact inertia when valve element is moved back and forth is reduced, So that flat valve reliable operation, Adaptability of medium are strong, work when noise and vibrate small.
Although the detailed description carried out above to the preferred embodiment of the present invention, in view of above description, ability Field technique personnel are contemplated that various modifications and variations.Therefore, the present invention should not be limited to above-mentioned specific embodiment, this The protection domain of invention is only limited by appended appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (22)

1. a kind of axial plunger pump, the axial plunger pump includes housing, is installed in rotation in housing and including middle tiltedly curved The entering spindle of section, the swash plate being installed in rotation in the oblique curved segment in the centre, one end pass through bulb hinged to the swash plate Go up and the other end is provided with multiple connecting rods of plunger and the cylinder for the cylinder holes being reciprocally inserted with plunger Body, wherein the cylinder body is fixed relative to the housing, as the rotation of the entering spindle swash plate makees space spheric pendulum It is dynamic, wherein, during the intersection point of the axis of the oblique curved segment of the main shaft of the entering spindle and the centre, the sphere of the swash plate are swung The center of circle for the circle that the center of the bulb of the heart and the multiple connecting rod is constituted is overlapped at coincidence point (A).
2. axial plunger pump as claimed in claim 1, in addition to swash plate limit change, the swash plate limit change is on the one hand by even Spindle is rotatably connected with the swash plate, and the bearing pin of swash plate limit change on the other hand by diametrically setting It is connected with the housing so that swash plate limit change is swingable relative to the housing around the bearing pin.
3. axial plunger pump as claimed in claim 2, wherein, the axis and the bearing pin of the connecting shaft of the swash plate limit change The intersection point of axis overlapped with the coincidence point (A).
4. axial plunger pump as claimed in claim 1, wherein, the swash plate is formed with bulb chamber, the ball of each connecting rod Head is contained in the bulb intracavitary, to form ball pivot connection.
5. axial plunger pump as claimed in claim 4, wherein, the opening of the bulb chamber is formed with enlarging.
6. axial plunger pump as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the swash plate includes swash plate body and swash plate gland, described oblique Multiple recessed cavities are formed with disk body, and corresponding multiple Through-cavities are formed with the swash plate gland so that in institute When stating swash plate body with swash plate gland cooperation, each recessed cavity forms described with a corresponding Through-cavity Bulb chamber.
7. axial plunger pump as claimed in claim 6, wherein, the enlarging is formed in one end of the Through-cavity.
8. axial plunger pump as claimed in claim 6, wherein, accommodate cushion block, the cushion block and institute in the bulb intracavitary Bulb tight fit is stated, to form ball pivot connection.
9. axial plunger pump as claimed in claim 8, wherein, the cushion block is made of copper.
10. axial plunger pump as claimed in claim 1, wherein, the entering spindle also includes first straight line section, described first Straightway is pivotally supported on the housing by bearing, and is additionally provided with gimbal in first straight line section, The gimbal is eccentric structure and rotated together with the entering spindle.
11. axial plunger pump as claimed in claim 10, wherein, the gimbal includes axial component and radial component, institute Axial component is stated to be non-rotatably mounted in the first straight line section so that the gimbal is together revolved with the entering spindle Turn, the radial component is eccentrical shape.
12. axial plunger pump as claimed in claim 11, wherein, the first straight line section of the entering spindle and described first flat Weighing apparatus ring is pivotally supported on the housing by clutch shaft bearing.
13. axial plunger pump as claimed in claim 12, wherein, the entering spindle also include with first straight line section into The second straight line section of straight line, the oblique curved segment in centre is arranged between the first straight line section and second straight line section.
14. axial plunger pump as claimed in claim 13, wherein, the axis of the oblique curved segment in centre is straight relative to described first Line segment and the axis of second straight line section tilt 15 to 40 and spent.
15. axial plunger pump as claimed in claim 14, wherein, second straight line section is provided with second bearing, it is described Entering spindle is pivotally supported on the housing by the second bearing.
16. axial plunger pump as claimed in claim 1, in addition to flat valve, the flat valve include valve seat and installed in valve Suction valve core and discharge valve core in seat, the suction valve core and the discharge valve core are biased to the valve respectively Seat.
17. axial plunger pump as claimed in claim 16, wherein, the valve element is by corrosion resistant high strength light material system Into.
18. axial plunger pump as claimed in claim 17, wherein, the high strength light material is titanium alloy.
19. axial plunger pump as claimed in claim 16, wherein, the phase of the outer surface and the valve seat of each valve element Answer and be formed with annular gap between matching surface.
20. axial plunger pump as claimed in claim 19, wherein, the annular gap is not less than 0.5 millimeter.
21. axial plunger pump as claimed in claim 16, wherein, the valve seat is formed between second with being engaged between element Gap.
22. axial plunger pump as claimed in claim 21, wherein, second gap is at 0.3 to 0.4 millimeter.
CN201710240375.9A 2016-04-13 2017-04-13 Axial plunger pump Active CN107288836B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2016102261202 2016-04-13
CN201610226120.2A CN105756877A (en) 2016-04-13 2016-04-13 Axial plunger hydraulic pump with symmetric curved-skew main shaft structure

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107288836A true CN107288836A (en) 2017-10-24
CN107288836B CN107288836B (en) 2020-03-17

Family

ID=56333796

Family Applications (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610226120.2A Pending CN105756877A (en) 2016-04-13 2016-04-13 Axial plunger hydraulic pump with symmetric curved-skew main shaft structure
CN201720388086.9U Active CN207093295U (en) 2016-04-13 2017-04-13 Axial plunger pump
CN201710240375.9A Active CN107288836B (en) 2016-04-13 2017-04-13 Axial plunger pump

Family Applications Before (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610226120.2A Pending CN105756877A (en) 2016-04-13 2016-04-13 Axial plunger hydraulic pump with symmetric curved-skew main shaft structure
CN201720388086.9U Active CN207093295U (en) 2016-04-13 2017-04-13 Axial plunger pump

Country Status (3)

Country Link
CN (3) CN105756877A (en)
HK (1) HK1244861A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2017177936A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105756877A (en) * 2016-04-13 2016-07-13 武汉钜威天数字化机械制造有限公司 Axial plunger hydraulic pump with symmetric curved-skew main shaft structure

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3958901A (en) * 1972-10-20 1976-05-25 Compagnie Des Services Dowell Schlumberger Axial piston pump
US20090078113A1 (en) * 2004-10-01 2009-03-26 Zexel Valeo Compressor Europe Gmbh Reciprocating Piston Machine, in Particular a Compressor for a Vehicle Air-Conditioning Unit
CN201218170Y (en) * 2008-05-12 2009-04-08 华中科技大学 Plunger flow-distribution axial plunger hydraulic pump
CN201739111U (en) * 2010-08-20 2011-02-09 华中科技大学 Inclined disc connecting rod type axial water pressure plunger pump
CN201739163U (en) * 2010-08-20 2011-02-09 华中科技大学 Guiding slip ring type sloping cam plate limiting mechanism
CN102374149A (en) * 2010-08-09 2012-03-14 苏州鸿本机械制造有限公司 Oil-free pump for high-pressure cleaning machine
CN104976088A (en) * 2014-04-08 2015-10-14 林德液压两合公司 Axial piston engine with inclined axes
CN207093295U (en) * 2016-04-13 2018-03-13 武汉钜威天数字化机械制造有限公司 Axial plunger pump

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2454543B1 (en) * 1979-04-19 1982-05-21 Bronzavia Sa
JPS5910790A (en) * 1982-07-10 1984-01-20 Sugino Mach:Kk Axial plunger pump used in water
CN101832243A (en) * 2010-04-30 2010-09-15 北京工业大学 Axial water pressure plunger pump with easy maintenance

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3958901A (en) * 1972-10-20 1976-05-25 Compagnie Des Services Dowell Schlumberger Axial piston pump
US20090078113A1 (en) * 2004-10-01 2009-03-26 Zexel Valeo Compressor Europe Gmbh Reciprocating Piston Machine, in Particular a Compressor for a Vehicle Air-Conditioning Unit
CN201218170Y (en) * 2008-05-12 2009-04-08 华中科技大学 Plunger flow-distribution axial plunger hydraulic pump
CN102374149A (en) * 2010-08-09 2012-03-14 苏州鸿本机械制造有限公司 Oil-free pump for high-pressure cleaning machine
CN201739111U (en) * 2010-08-20 2011-02-09 华中科技大学 Inclined disc connecting rod type axial water pressure plunger pump
CN201739163U (en) * 2010-08-20 2011-02-09 华中科技大学 Guiding slip ring type sloping cam plate limiting mechanism
CN104976088A (en) * 2014-04-08 2015-10-14 林德液压两合公司 Axial piston engine with inclined axes
CN207093295U (en) * 2016-04-13 2018-03-13 武汉钜威天数字化机械制造有限公司 Axial plunger pump

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN207093295U (en) 2018-03-13
CN107288836B (en) 2020-03-17
HK1244861A1 (en) 2018-08-17
WO2017177936A1 (en) 2017-10-19
CN105756877A (en) 2016-07-13

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP2009529619A (en) Axial plunger pump or motor
CN103415696B (en) Hydraulic test including panel
CN208900359U (en) Balance weight assembly and screw compressor for screw compressor
WO2012152058A1 (en) Duplex plunger pump
JP3288719B2 (en) Axial plunger slurry pump
CN207093295U (en) Axial plunger pump
CN104487705B (en) Hydraulic radial piston apparatus
CN201739111U (en) Inclined disc connecting rod type axial water pressure plunger pump
CN107429678B (en) Wobble plate-type variable displacement compressor
US2621852A (en) Spherical rotary compressor
CN101418784A (en) Positive and negative rotating axial plunger pump
CN104948408B (en) A kind of axial variable displacement plunger pump
CN105089967B (en) Two-way shaking tray compressor
CN204941800U (en) A kind of axial variable displacement plunger pump
CN105114278B (en) Axial plunger pump
CN107461332B (en) A kind of oil-gas mixed delivery pump
CN204212962U (en) A kind of there is self-alignment function join oily auxiliary structure
CN214007421U (en) Compact high-efficient type pump of sound bars is inhaled in area
CN102046974A (en) Wobble plate-type variable displacement compressor
CN201292923Y (en) Positive and negative rotating axial plunger pump
CN108547765A (en) A kind of novel axial plunger pump
CN208416833U (en) A kind of sphere static pressure driving structure and bent axis type axial piston pump or motor comprising the structure
CN108678921A (en) A kind of high-pressure plunger type hydraulic pump
RU2567157C2 (en) Axial piston hydraulic machine with driven inclined disk
CN215979732U (en) Cylinder body structure of axial plunger pump

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: HK

Ref legal event code: DE

Ref document number: 1244861

Country of ref document: HK

GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant