CN107243200B - Precise filtering separator and oil smoke waste gas purifying equipment - Google Patents

Precise filtering separator and oil smoke waste gas purifying equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107243200B
CN107243200B CN201710556573.6A CN201710556573A CN107243200B CN 107243200 B CN107243200 B CN 107243200B CN 201710556573 A CN201710556573 A CN 201710556573A CN 107243200 B CN107243200 B CN 107243200B
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fixed plate
pipeline
several
hole
oil
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CN107243200A (en
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常勇
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/30Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using loose filtering material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/0039Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with flow guiding by feed or discharge devices
    • B01D46/0041Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with flow guiding by feed or discharge devices for feeding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of methods or devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters
    • Y02A50/2351Atmospheric particulate matter [PM], e.g. carbon smoke microparticles, smog, aerosol particles, dust

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Filtering Of Dispersed Particles In Gases (AREA)

Abstract

Precision filtration separator and oil smoke exhaust-gas purification equipment, include the rack that distributes in proper order along same direction, first fixed plate, second fixed plate and several flabellum, the rack is platelike, set up the several mesh on the rack, set up the first through-hole of several on the first fixed plate, all install the first connecting pipe of L shape in every first through-hole, set up the second through-hole on the second fixed plate, the one end of installation second connecting pipe in the second through-hole, the other end intercommunication of second connecting pipe gets rid of the bucket, get rid of and set up the several filtration pore on the bucket lateral wall, get rid of the one end of fixed connection installation axle on the bucket, the other end and the several flabellum of installation axle are connected, between rack and the first fixed plate, between first fixed plate and the second fixed plate, get rid of the bucket inside and the periphery metal fillings. The metal chip adsorption oil-smoke separator can enable oil mist and oil smoke remained in oil-smoke waste gas to be adsorbed by metal chips, completes separation of the oil mist and the oil smoke in the oil-smoke waste gas from other gases, has good separation effect, and avoids pollution to the environment.

Description

Precise filtering separator and oil smoke waste gas purifying equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to a gas purification device, in particular to a precise filtering separator and oil smoke waste gas purification equipment.
Background
In the industrial processing process, a large amount of industrial oil is used, and various processing waste materials are generated at the same time, so a large amount of oil fume waste gas containing oil mist and oil fume particles is generated, and when the oil fume waste gas is directly discharged into the atmosphere, the environment is seriously polluted.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a precise filtering separator and oil smoke waste gas purifying equipment, which are used for filtering oil smoke waste gas through a multi-layer filtering device, have good filtering effect and avoid pollution to the environment.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: precision filtration separator, include the rack that distributes in proper order along same direction, first fixed plate, second fixed plate and several flabellum, the rack is platelike, set up the several mesh on the rack, set up the first through-hole of several on the first fixed plate, all install the first connecting pipe of L shape in every first through-hole, set up the second through-hole on the second fixed plate, the one end of installation second connecting pipe in the second through-hole, the other end intercommunication of second connecting pipe is got rid of the bucket, it sets up the several filtration pore on the bucket lateral wall to get rid of, get rid of the one end of fixed connection installation axle on the bucket, the other end and the several flabellum of installation axle are connected, between rack and the first fixed plate, between first fixed plate and the second fixed plate, get rid of the bucket inside and the periphery and all fill the metal fillings.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for further solving the technical problem is as follows: one end of each first connecting pipe is connected with the corresponding first through hole, the other ends of the first connecting pipes face to the periphery, and the second through holes are formed in the middle of the second fixing plate.
The invention also provides lampblack waste gas purification equipment which comprises a ventilator, a filter tank and an anion dust collector which are sequentially connected through a pipeline, wherein the pipeline in front of the ventilator is internally provided with the precise filter separator according to the claim or the claim.
The further technical scheme is as follows: the pipeline in front of the precise filtering separator is internally provided with a rotating shaft, one end of the rotating shaft is connected with the inner wall of the pipeline through a bearing, the other end of the rotating shaft is provided with a motor, the motor is positioned outside the pipeline, and a plurality of filter screens are fixedly installed on the rotating shaft. Each filter screen lateral part all sets up the decontamination brush, and the decontamination brush touches with the filter screen that corresponds, and the decontamination brush is installed on the pipeline inner wall. The pipeline where the filter screen is arranged is provided with a pump which is communicated with the bottom of the inner wall of the pipeline. The filter screen on set up the several bracing pieces along the direction of radius, the bracing piece is connected with the pivot. The outside of the pipeline behind the negative ion dust collector is provided with an atomizing tank which is communicated with the pipeline, and the inside of the atomizing tank is provided with the folium artemisiae argyi juice. And a pipeline in front of the precise filtering separator is provided with a refrigerating device.
The beneficial effects of the invention are: the oil smoke waste gas sequentially passes through the net rack, the first fixing plate, the second fixing plate and the plurality of fan blades, the oil smoke waste gas passes through the net rack through the meshes, then passes through the metal chips filled between the net rack and the first fixing plate, so that oil mist and oil smoke particles in the oil smoke waste gas are attached to the metal chips, then enters the metal chips filled between the first fixing plate and the second fixing plate through the L-shaped first connecting pipe, and are continuously attached to the metal chips, finally, the metal chips are filled in and on the periphery of the throwing barrel, the oil mist and the oil smoke particles flow out from the periphery of the throwing barrel, the fan blades are rotated by the flowing-out air flow, the fan blades drive the throwing barrel to rotate, the oil mist and the oil smoke particles in the oil smoke waste gas in the throwing barrel are thrown to the metal chips on the periphery of the throwing barrel at a high speed under the action of centrifugal force, the oil mist and the oil smoke remaining in the oil smoke waste gas are adsorbed by the metal chips, the separation of the oil mist and the oil smoke in the oil smoke waste gas from other gases is completed, the separation effect is good, and the pollution to the environment is avoided.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a microfiltration separator; FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the structure of the fume exhaust gas purifying apparatus; fig. 3 is an enlarged view of fig. 2 from a.
Reference numerals: 1 net rack 2, first fixing plate 3, second fixing plate 4, fan blade 5, mesh 6, first through hole 7, first connecting pipe 8, second through hole 9, second connecting pipe 10, filter hole 12, installation shaft 13, refrigeration equipment 14, ventilator 15, filter tank 16, negative ion dust collector 17, motor 18, rotating shaft 19, filter screen 20, cleaning brush 21, pump 22, support rod 23, spray tank.
Detailed Description
Precision filtration separator, include rack 1 along same direction distribution in proper order, first fixed plate 2, 3 and several flabellum 4 of second fixed plate, rack 1 is platelike, set up several mesh 5 on the rack 1, set up the first through-hole 6 of several on the first fixed plate 2, all install the first connecting pipe 7 of L shape in every first through-hole 6, set up second through-hole 8 on the second fixed plate 3, the one end of installation second connecting pipe 9 in the second through-hole 8, the other end intercommunication of second connecting pipe 9 gets rid of bucket 10, get rid of and set up several filtration pore 11 on the bucket 10 lateral wall, get rid of the one end of bucket 10 last fixed connection installation axle 12, the other end and the several flabellum 4 of installation axle 12 are connected, between rack 1 and the first fixed plate 2, between first fixed plate 2 and the second fixed plate 3, it all fills the metal fillings all to get rid of bucket 10 inside and periphery. The precise filtering separator is arranged in a pipeline through which oil smoke and waste gas flow, and the diameters or the widths of the net rack 1, the first fixing plate 2 and the second fixing plate 3 are the same as the inner diameter of the pipeline. The structure can enable oil smoke waste gas to sequentially pass through the net rack 1, the first fixing plate 2, the second fixing plate 3 and the plurality of fan blades 4, the oil smoke waste gas passes through the net rack 1 through the meshes 5 and then passes through metal chips filled between the net rack 1 and the first fixing plate 2, so that oil mist and oil smoke particles in the oil smoke waste gas are attached to the metal chips, then the oil smoke waste gas enters the metal chips filled between the first fixing plate 2 and the second fixing plate 3 through the L-shaped first connecting pipe 7 and further continues to be attached to the metal chips, finally, the oil mist and the oil smoke particles in the oil smoke waste gas in the throwing barrel 10 are all filled with the metal chips at the inner part and the outer part of the throwing barrel 10 and flow out from the periphery of the throwing barrel 10, the fan blades 4 are rotated by the flowing air flow, the oil mist and the oil smoke in the oil smoke waste gas are separated from other gases under the action of centrifugal force, the separation effect is good, and environmental pollution is avoided.
And one end of each first connecting pipe 7 is connected with the corresponding first through hole 6, the other ends of the plurality of first connecting pipes 7 face to the periphery, and the second through holes 8 are formed in the middle of the second fixing plate 3. The structure increases the moving distance of the oil smoke waste gas, thereby prolonging the contact time of the oil smoke waste gas and metal chips and further improving the separation effect of oil mist and oil smoke and gas.
The lampblack waste gas purification device comprises a ventilator 14, a filter tank 15 and an anion dust collector 16 which are sequentially connected through a pipeline, wherein a precise filtering separator according to claim 1 or 2 is arranged in the pipeline in front of the ventilator 14. The structure can ensure that after the oil smoke waste gas is separated and filtered by the precise filtering separator, the oil smoke waste gas is sequentially sent into the filtering tank 15 and the negative ion dust collector 16 by the ventilator 14, and in the process, the oil smoke waste gas is further separated and filtered to ensure that other harmful residual gases in the oil smoke waste gas are separated. The filter tank 15 is an existing filtering device that filters gas through water or water mist. The ventilator 14 can also function to pressurize and evacuate the gas in front of or inside the microfiltration separator to facilitate the flow of gas inside the microfiltration separator.
A rotating shaft 18 is arranged in a pipeline in front of a precise filtering separator, one end of the rotating shaft 18 is connected with the inner wall of the pipeline through a bearing, a motor 17 is arranged at the other end of the rotating shaft 18, the motor 17 is positioned outside the pipeline, and a plurality of filter screens 19 are fixedly installed on the rotating shaft 18. This kind of structure can drive filter screen 19 through clicking 17 and rotate, makes things convenient for filter screen 19 to separate tobacco tar and flue gas.
Oil smoke exhaust-gas purification equipment, every filter screen 19 lateral part all sets up scrubbing brush 20, and scrubbing brush 20 touches with corresponding filter screen 19, and scrubbing brush 20 installs on the pipeline inner wall. The decontamination brush 20 can scrape off the oil stains attached to the filter screen 19, so that the next smoke oil separation environment is better.
A pump 21 is arranged on a pipeline where a filter screen 19 is arranged, and the pump 21 is communicated with the bottom of the inner wall of the pipeline. This kind of structure can avoid the tobacco tar too much to lead to the separation effect poor, the tobacco tar piles up scheduling problem at the pipeline inner wall through outside the tobacco tar that pump 21 will decontaminate brush 20 and scrape from filter screen 19 takes out the pipeline.
The oil smoke exhaust-gas purification equipment, the filter screen 19 on set up several bracing pieces 22 along the direction of radius, bracing piece 22 is connected with pivot 18. This configuration enables the support rod 22 to support and reinforce the screen 19, and prevents deformation of the screen 19 caused by contact of the scrub brush 20 with the rotating screen 19.
A spray tank 23 is arranged outside a pipeline behind an anion dust collector 16 of the lampblack waste gas purification equipment, the spray tank 23 is communicated with the pipeline, and folium artemisiae argyi juice is arranged in the spray tank 23. The folium artemisiae argyi juice can be sprayed to the pipeline under the action of the spraying tank 23 so as to remove harmful substances in the smoke. The spray can 23 is an existing device capable of spraying a liquid.
The oil smoke waste gas purification equipment is characterized in that a refrigerating device 13 is arranged on a pipeline in front of the precise filtering separator. The refrigeration equipment 13 may be a refrigeration coil wrapped outside the pipeline, or may be an existing refrigeration equipment such as a refrigeration compressor. Adopt refrigeration plant 13 can be to the flue gas cooling in the pipeline, and tobacco tar and flue gas can separate in the cooling process, conveniently carry out separation on next step.
The embodiments of the present invention have been described above with reference to the accompanying drawings, but these descriptions should not be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention, and the technical contents not described in detail in the present invention are known in the art.

Claims (7)

1. The precise filtering separator is characterized in that: including rack (1) that distributes in proper order along same direction, first fixed plate (2), second fixed plate (3) and several flabellum (4), rack (1) is platelike, set up several mesh (5) on rack (1), set up first through-hole (6) of several on first fixed plate (2), all install first connecting pipe (7) of L shape in every first through-hole (6), set up second through-hole (8) on second fixed plate (3), the one end of installation second connecting pipe (9) in second through-hole (8), the other end intercommunication of second connecting pipe (9) is got rid of bucket (10), it sets up several filtration pore (11) on bucket (10) lateral wall to get rid of, the one end of fixed connection installation axle (12) on bucket (10), the other end and the several flabellum (4) of installation axle (12) are connected, between rack (1) and first fixed plate (2), between first fixed plate (2) and second fixed plate (3), it all fills the metal fillings to get rid of bucket (10) inside and periphery.
2. The precision filtration separator of claim 1, wherein: one end of each first connecting pipe (7) is connected with the corresponding first through hole (6), the other ends of the plurality of first connecting pipes (7) face to the periphery, and the second through holes (8) are formed in the middle of the second fixing plate (3).
3. Oil smoke exhaust-gas purification equipment, its characterized in that: the device comprises a ventilator (14), a filter tank (15) and an anion dust collector (16) which are sequentially connected through a pipeline, wherein the precision filtration separator as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is arranged in the pipeline in front of the ventilator (14);
a rotating shaft (18) is arranged in a pipeline in front of the precise filtering separator, one end of the rotating shaft (18) is connected with the inner wall of the pipeline through a bearing, a motor (17) is arranged at the other end of the rotating shaft (18), the motor (17) is positioned outside the pipeline, and a plurality of filter screens (19) are fixedly arranged on the rotating shaft (18);
a spraying tank (23) is arranged outside the pipeline behind the negative ion dust collector (16), the spraying tank (23) is communicated with the pipeline, and folium artemisiae argyi juice is arranged in the spraying tank (23).
4. The oily fume exhaust gas purification apparatus according to claim 3, characterized in that: each filter screen (19) lateral part all sets up decontamination brush (20), and decontamination brush (20) touch with corresponding filter screen (19), and decontamination brush (20) are installed on the pipeline inner wall.
5. The oily fume exhaust gas purification apparatus according to claim 3 or 4, characterized in that: the pipeline where the filter screen (19) is arranged is provided with a pump (21), and the pump (21) is communicated with the bottom of the inner wall of the pipeline.
6. The oily fume exhaust gas purification apparatus according to claim 3 or 4, characterized in that: the filter screen (19) on set up several bracing pieces (22) along the radius direction, bracing piece (22) are connected with pivot (18).
7. The oily fume exhaust gas purification apparatus according to claim 3, characterized in that: a refrigerating device (13) is arranged on the pipeline in front of the precise filtering separator.
CN201710556573.6A 2017-07-10 2017-07-10 Precise filtering separator and oil smoke waste gas purifying equipment Active CN107243200B (en)

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CN201710556573.6A CN107243200B (en) 2017-07-10 2017-07-10 Precise filtering separator and oil smoke waste gas purifying equipment

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CN107243200B true CN107243200B (en) 2023-04-07

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110327700A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-10-15 常勇 Except sludge device

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CN102728219A (en) * 2012-06-30 2012-10-17 耿启金 Device for treating industrial waste gas through jet flow intensified tubular type fluidized bed photocatalysis
KR20140134544A (en) * 2013-05-14 2014-11-24 주식회사 지티사이언 Activated carbon filter module, purificating and neutralizing apparatus for hazardous gas

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CN2550671Y (en) * 2002-04-17 2003-05-14 周恒晶 Automatic cleaning type fume purifier
CN204063199U (en) * 2014-08-07 2014-12-31 西安科弘厨房工程设备有限责任公司 Small kitchen fume purifier of fume
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102728219A (en) * 2012-06-30 2012-10-17 耿启金 Device for treating industrial waste gas through jet flow intensified tubular type fluidized bed photocatalysis
KR20140134544A (en) * 2013-05-14 2014-11-24 주식회사 지티사이언 Activated carbon filter module, purificating and neutralizing apparatus for hazardous gas

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