CN107174899B - Spiral spray dust remover - Google Patents

Spiral spray dust remover Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107174899B
CN107174899B CN201710391588.1A CN201710391588A CN107174899B CN 107174899 B CN107174899 B CN 107174899B CN 201710391588 A CN201710391588 A CN 201710391588A CN 107174899 B CN107174899 B CN 107174899B
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Prior art keywords
barrel
spiral
filter screen
water
pipe
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CN201710391588.1A
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CN107174899A (en
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汤炳
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Zhejiang Wanyuan Environmental Protection Machinery Technology Co ltd
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Zhejiang Wanyuan Environmental Protection Machinery Technology Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of methods or devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D50/10Combinations of devices covered by groups B01D45/00, B01D46/00 and B01D47/00

Abstract

The invention discloses a spiral spray dust remover which comprises a cylinder body, a spiral auger, fan blades, an air inlet, a water seal pipe, a dirt removing opening, a spray head, a water supply pipe, an exhaust fan, a filter screen, a box body and a drain hole.

Description

Spiral spray dust remover
[ field of technology ]
The invention relates to the technical field of dust collectors, in particular to a spiral spray dust collector.
[ background Art ]
The dust remover is a device for separating dust from flue gas, called a dust remover or a dust removing device. The performance of a precipitator is expressed in terms of the amount of gas that can be treated, the loss of resistance of the gas as it passes through the precipitator, and the efficiency of the precipitation. Meanwhile, the price, the running and maintenance cost, the service life and the difficulty of operation management of the dust remover are also important factors for considering the performance of the dust remover. The water bath type dust remover is one of the dust removers, the existing water bath type dust remover is communicated with the air inlet pipe and the water storage cylinder, water in the water storage cylinder filters dust in waste gas, but the water and the waste gas are insufficiently mixed, so that the gas still contains a lot of dust when being discharged from the water surface, the dust removing effect of the dust remover is reduced, and in addition, a large amount of dust can form sludge after being mixed in the water and accumulated in the water storage cylinder, so that the water drainage or exhaust pipeline of the dust remover is blocked, and the working efficiency of the dust remover is reduced.
[ invention ]
The invention aims to solve the problems in the prior art, and provides a spiral spray dust remover which can improve the dust removal efficiency and effect, is convenient for cleaning sludge, reduces the labor intensity of workers, improves the working performance of the dust remover and reduces the energy consumption.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the invention provides a spiral spray dust remover, which comprises a cylinder, a spiral auger, fan blades, an air inlet, a water seal pipe, a cleaning port, a spray head, a water supply pipe, an exhaust fan, a filter screen, a box body and a draining port, wherein the spiral auger coaxially arranged with the cylinder is rotationally arranged on the inner side of the cylinder through a bearing, the fan blades are arranged at the upper end of the spiral auger, the air inlet is arranged at the upper end of the cylinder, the water seal pipe is communicated with the bottom of the cylinder, the cleaning port is arranged at the bottom of a water storage part of the water seal pipe, the spray heads for spraying water to the spiral auger are embedded on the periphery of the inner side wall of the cylinder, the water supply pipe communicated with the spray head is arranged on the outer side of the cylinder, the lower side of the cylinder and above the water seal pipe are communicated with the right-angle exhaust pipe, the exhaust fan is arranged at the outlet end of the exhaust pipe, the filter screen is arranged on the inner side of the horizontal part of the exhaust pipe, the lower part of the horizontal part of the exhaust pipe and the box body is communicated with the front side of the filter screen, and the draining port is arranged at the bottom of the box body.
Preferably, the diameter of the spiral auger is slightly smaller than the inner diameter of the cylinder, a plurality of convex ribs extending along the width direction of the spiral blade are arranged on the upper portion of the spiral blade of the spiral auger, and a flange is arranged at the outer edge of the spiral blade of the spiral auger.
Preferably, a filter screen is arranged between the lower part of the spiral auger and the inlet end of the exhaust pipe on the inner side of the cylinder.
Preferably, the spray head is an atomization spray head, and a bracket is arranged at the lower part of the cylinder body.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention is characterized in that a spiral auger 2 coaxially arranged with a cylinder 1 is rotationally arranged on the inner side of the cylinder 1 through a bearing, a fan blade 3 is arranged at the upper end of the spiral auger 2, an air inlet 4 is arranged at the upper end of the cylinder 1, a water seal pipe 5 is communicated with the bottom of the cylinder 1, a sewage disposal opening 6 is arranged at the bottom of a water storage part of the water seal pipe 5, a plurality of spray heads 7 for spraying water to the spiral auger 2 are embedded on the inner side wall of the cylinder 1 and around the spiral auger 2, a water supply pipe 8 communicated with the spray heads 7 is arranged on the outer side of the cylinder 1, a right-angle exhaust pipe 9 is communicated with the lower side of the cylinder 1 and above the water seal pipe 5, an exhaust fan 10 is arranged at the outlet end of the exhaust pipe 9, a filter screen 11 is arranged on the inner side of the horizontal part of the exhaust pipe 9, a box body 12 is communicated with the lower part of the horizontal part of the exhaust pipe 9 and the front side of the filter screen 11, a drain opening is arranged at the bottom of the box body 12, the upper part of the spiral blade of the spiral auger is provided with a plurality of convex ribs extending along the width direction of the spiral blade, the outer edge of the spiral blade of the spiral auger is provided with a flange, the inner side of the cylinder 1 and the space between the lower part of the spiral auger 2 and the inlet end of the exhaust pipe are provided with a filter screen, when the waste gas needs to be dedusted, water can be introduced into the spray head through the water supply pipe, the whole body of the spiral auger is wetted by water mist sprayed by the spray head, the water mist is polymerized into water on the outer surface of the spiral auger and flows down onto the filter screen to enable water films to be generated in sieve holes of the filter screen, the water continuously flows down into the water seal pipe to form a water seal, then the waste gas is introduced into the cylinder from the air inlet, the waste gas descends along the cylinder at a high speed to drive the fan blade to rotate, the spiral auger is forced to rotate by the fan blade to generate certain centrifugal inertia, the dust in the air current owing to the weight increase after being moist by the water smoke, very easily separate out from the air current under centrifugal force, protruding muscle can block certain water, the flange can prevent effectively that the water on the helical blade from being thrown away, make the water on the helical blade can not run off fast, still can delay the velocity of flow in order to prolong the contact time of air current and water, still need pass the sieve mesh of filter sieve after the air current passes through the helical auger, the water film in the sieve mesh of filter sieve soaks the dust in the gas again and makes the dust mix in the water, finally the air exhauster is taken out the air current through the blast pipe outward, can filter the dust in the gas again by the filter screen when the air current passes through the horizontal part of blast pipe, can clear up by the dust in the filter screen can fall down in the box body, because the dust can form silt in the water in a large number of mixing, when the silt in the retaining portion of need clearance water seal pipe, can open the dirt-removing mouth and make silt and water discharge together, convenient and fast labor intensity of cleaning up, and the efficiency of lifting the energy saving and the dust collector has reduced, the dust collector has reduced compared with the prior art, the efficiency, the dust collector has reduced the dust collector's convenient performance.
The features and advantages of the present invention will be described in detail by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings.
[ description of the drawings ]
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a spiral spray dust collector of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged view of a portion a of fig. 1.
In the figure: 1-cylinder, 2-spiral auger, 21-convex rib, 22-flange, 3-fan blade, 4-air inlet, 5-water seal pipe, 6-clean-up mouth, 7-shower nozzle, 8-water supply pipe, 9-blast pipe, 10-air exhauster, 11-filter screen, 12-box, 13-drain port, 14-filter screen.
[ detailed description ] of the invention
Referring to fig. 1, the spiral spray dust remover comprises a cylinder 1, a spiral auger 2, fan blades 3, an air inlet 4, a water seal pipe 5, a cleaning port 6, a spray head 7, a water supply pipe 8, an exhaust pipe 9, an exhaust fan 10, a filter screen 11, a box body 12 and a drain port 13, wherein the spiral auger 2 coaxially arranged with the cylinder 1 is rotationally arranged on the inner side of the cylinder 1 through a bearing, the fan blades 3 are arranged at the upper end of the spiral auger 2, the air inlet 4 is arranged at the upper end of the cylinder 1, the water seal pipe 5 is communicated with the bottom of the cylinder 1, the cleaning port 6 is arranged at the bottom of a water storage part of the water seal pipe 5, a plurality of spray heads 7 for spraying water to the spiral auger 2 are embedded on the inner side wall of the cylinder 1 and around the spiral auger 2, the water supply pipe 8 communicated with the spray head 7 is arranged on the outer side of the cylinder 1, the lower side of the cylinder body 1 and above the water seal pipe 5 is communicated with a right-angle exhaust pipe 9, the outlet end of the exhaust pipe 9 is provided with an exhaust fan 10, the inner side of the horizontal part of the exhaust pipe 9 is provided with a filter screen 11, the lower part of the horizontal part of the exhaust pipe 9 and the front side of the filter screen 11 are communicated with a box body 12, the bottom of the box body 12 is provided with a drain hole 13, the diameter of the spiral auger 2 is slightly smaller than the inner diameter of the cylinder body 1, the upper portion of the helical blade of the screw auger 2 is provided with a plurality of convex ribs 21 extending along the width direction of the helical blade, the outer edge of the helical blade of the screw auger 2 is provided with a flange 22, a filter screen 14 is arranged between the inner side of the cylinder 1 and the inlet end of the lower portion of the screw auger 2 and the exhaust pipe, the spray head 7 is an atomization spray head, and the lower portion of the cylinder 1 is provided with a bracket.
The working process of the invention comprises the following steps:
when the spiral spray dust remover is required to remove dust from waste gas, water can be introduced into the spray head 7 through the water supply pipe 8, the water mist sprayed by the spray head 7 wets the whole body of the spiral auger 2, the water mist is polymerized into water on the outer surface of the spiral auger 2 and flows down to the filter screen 14 to enable water films to be generated in the sieve holes of the filter screen 14, the water continuously flows down to the water seal pipe 5 to form a water seal, then the waste gas is introduced into the cylinder 1 from the air inlet 4, the waste gas descends at a high speed along the cylinder 1 to drive the fan blades 3 to rotate, the fan blades 3 drive the spiral auger 2 to rotate, the spiral auger 2 forces airflow to rotate to generate certain centrifugal inertia, dust in the airflow is easy to separate from the airflow due to weight increase after being wetted by the water mist, the convex ribs 21 can block certain water, the water on the spiral blades can be effectively prevented from being thrown out by the baffle edges 22, so that the water on the spiral blade can not be lost rapidly, the flow speed of the air flow can be delayed to prolong the contact time of the air flow and the water, when the air flow passes through the mesh holes of the filter screen 14 after passing through the spiral auger 2, the water film in the mesh holes of the filter screen 14 infiltrates the dust in the air again to mix the dust into the water, finally the exhaust fan 10 pumps the air flow outwards through the exhaust pipe 9, when the air flow passes through the horizontal part of the exhaust pipe 9, the dust in the air can be filtered out again by the filter screen 11, the dust blocked by the filter screen 11 can fall into the box 12, the dust in the box 12 can be cleaned by opening the drain hole 13, as a great amount of dust is mixed in the water to form sludge, when the sludge in the water storage part of the water seal pipe 5 needs to be cleaned, the sludge and the water can be discharged together by opening the sewage cleaning hole 6, the sludge is cleaned conveniently and rapidly, the labor intensity of workers is reduced, compared with the prior art, the dust removing efficiency and effect can be improved, sludge is convenient to clean, the labor intensity of workers is reduced, the working performance of the dust remover is improved, and the energy consumption is reduced.
The above embodiments are illustrative of the present invention, and not limiting, and any simple modifications of the present invention fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. A spiral spray dust remover is characterized in that: including barrel (1), spiral auger (2), flabellum (3), air intake (4), water seal pipe (5), dirt removing port (6), shower nozzle (7), delivery pipe (8), blast pipe (9), air exhauster (10), filter screen (11), box body (12) and escape orifice (13), the inboard of barrel (1) is equipped with spiral auger (2) with the coaxial setting of barrel (1) through the bearing rotation, the upper end of spiral auger (2) is equipped with flabellum (3), the upper end of barrel (1) is equipped with air intake (4), the bottom intercommunication of barrel (1) has water seal pipe (5), the bottom of the retaining portion of water seal pipe (5) is equipped with dirt removing port (6), the inside wall of barrel (1) and be located around inlaying of spiral auger (2) and be equipped with a plurality of shower nozzles (7) to spiral auger (2), the outside of barrel (1) is equipped with delivery pipe (8) with the coaxial setting of barrel (7), the downside of barrel (1) and be located the top of water seal pipe (5) and be equipped with filter screen (9) of the air exhauster (9) that the top of blast pipe (5) is equipped with, the filter screen portion of being equipped with (9), the lower part of the horizontal part of blast pipe (9) just is located the front side intercommunication of filter screen (11) and has box body (12), the bottom of box body (12) is equipped with escape orifice (13), protruding muscle (21) that a plurality of edges of extending along helical blade's width direction are seted up on helical blade's of screw auger (2) upper portion, helical blade's of screw auger (2) outward flange is equipped with flange (22), be equipped with filter screen (14) between the inboard of barrel (1) and the lower part that is located screw auger (2) and the entry end of blast pipe.
2. A spiral spray dust collector as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the spray head (7) is an atomization spray head, and a bracket is arranged at the lower part of the cylinder body (1).
CN201710391588.1A 2017-05-27 2017-05-27 Spiral spray dust remover Active CN107174899B (en)

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CN201710391588.1A CN107174899B (en) 2017-05-27 2017-05-27 Spiral spray dust remover

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN107174899A CN107174899A (en) 2017-09-19
CN107174899B true CN107174899B (en) 2023-06-27

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107780961B (en) * 2017-10-06 2019-05-10 中国水利水电科学研究院 A kind of wet type coal mine dust-extraction unit and its application method
CN107754541A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-03-06 安徽省老家好食品有限公司 A kind of flour mill chock dust remover
CN108722098A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-02 浙江万源环保机械科技有限公司 A kind of water-bath deodorization deduster
CN110075647B (en) * 2019-04-03 2022-01-04 华北水利水电大学 Dust removal system for atmospheric haze treatment
CN110793008A (en) * 2019-11-07 2020-02-14 浙江如意实业有限公司 Biomass steam generator
CN112933822A (en) * 2021-01-20 2021-06-11 江西华汾粮油实业有限公司 A spiral dust collector for rice processing
CN113634080B (en) * 2021-09-01 2022-08-05 邢台市农业科学研究院 Dust collector of wheat harvester
CN114367160B (en) * 2021-12-31 2023-06-02 云南澄江华业磷化工有限责任公司 Device and process for collecting and treating gas in phosphorus chemical production process
CN115445360B (en) * 2022-09-20 2023-09-01 平利县双泰重晶石粉有限责任公司 Dust removal device for grinding heavy-crystal stone

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2350111Y (en) * 1998-09-11 1999-11-24 高良玉 High-efficiency desulfurizing dust-collector
CN201404753Y (en) * 2009-05-27 2010-02-17 姜先军 Wind-powered water film dust collector
CN203124150U (en) * 2013-03-18 2013-08-14 湖南千山矿业有限公司 Nozzle used for fuel gas purification
CN205360918U (en) * 2015-11-29 2016-07-06 洛阳绿仁环保设备有限公司 Dust collector for ore dressing
CN205559032U (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-09-07 曹光荣 Automobile exhaust purifier
CN207076275U (en) * 2017-05-27 2018-03-09 浙江万源环保机械科技有限公司 A kind of spiral spray deduster

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2350111Y (en) * 1998-09-11 1999-11-24 高良玉 High-efficiency desulfurizing dust-collector
CN201404753Y (en) * 2009-05-27 2010-02-17 姜先军 Wind-powered water film dust collector
CN203124150U (en) * 2013-03-18 2013-08-14 湖南千山矿业有限公司 Nozzle used for fuel gas purification
CN205360918U (en) * 2015-11-29 2016-07-06 洛阳绿仁环保设备有限公司 Dust collector for ore dressing
CN205559032U (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-09-07 曹光荣 Automobile exhaust purifier
CN207076275U (en) * 2017-05-27 2018-03-09 浙江万源环保机械科技有限公司 A kind of spiral spray deduster

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