CN107036215B - Intelligent dual-energy double-effect air conditioner - Google Patents

Intelligent dual-energy double-effect air conditioner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107036215B
CN107036215B CN201710422272.4A CN201710422272A CN107036215B CN 107036215 B CN107036215 B CN 107036215B CN 201710422272 A CN201710422272 A CN 201710422272A CN 107036215 B CN107036215 B CN 107036215B
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China
Prior art keywords
water
air conditioner
pipe
temperature
compressor
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CN201710422272.4A
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CN107036215A (en
Inventor
高明云
高升堂
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Shandong Yicun Air Conditioning Co ltd
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Shandong Yicun Air Conditioning Co ltd
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0007Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning
    • F24F5/001Compression cycle type
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/30Control or safety arrangements for purposes related to the operation of the system, e.g. for safety or monitoring
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/62Control or safety arrangements characterised by the type of control or by internal processing, e.g. using fuzzy logic, adaptive control or estimation of values
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/70Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/70Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof
    • F24F11/72Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the supply of treated air, e.g. its pressure
    • F24F11/74Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the supply of treated air, e.g. its pressure for controlling air flow rate or air velocity
    • F24F11/77Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the supply of treated air, e.g. its pressure for controlling air flow rate or air velocity by controlling the speed of ventilators
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/70Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof
    • F24F11/80Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the temperature of the supplied air
    • F24F11/83Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the temperature of the supplied air by controlling the supply of heat-exchange fluids to heat-exchangers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/30Arrangement or mounting of heat-exchangers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2110/00Control inputs relating to air properties
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0007Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning
    • F24F5/0017Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning using cold storage bodies, e.g. ice
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/62Control or safety arrangements characterised by the type of control or by internal processing, e.g. using fuzzy logic, adaptive control or estimation of values
    • F24F11/63Electronic processing
    • F24F11/64Electronic processing using pre-stored data
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/62Control or safety arrangements characterised by the type of control or by internal processing, e.g. using fuzzy logic, adaptive control or estimation of values
    • F24F11/63Electronic processing
    • F24F11/65Electronic processing for selecting an operating mode
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/70Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof
    • F24F11/80Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the temperature of the supplied air
    • F24F11/83Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the temperature of the supplied air by controlling the supply of heat-exchange fluids to heat-exchangers
    • F24F11/84Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the temperature of the supplied air by controlling the supply of heat-exchange fluids to heat-exchangers using valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2140/00Control inputs relating to system states
    • F24F2140/10Pressure
    • F24F2140/12Heat-exchange fluid pressure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/40Geothermal heat-pumps
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/70Efficient control or regulation technologies, e.g. for control of refrigerant flow, motor or heating
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/14Thermal energy storage

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent dual-energy and dual-effect air conditioner, and belongs to the field of indoor temperature adjusting devices. The intelligent double-energy double-effect air conditioner comprises an air conditioner shell, wherein an air outlet is formed in the air conditioner shell, and a heat exchange fan, a water circulation system, a Freon circulation system and a heat exchanger are installed on the air conditioner shell. The product combines the advantages of a water air conditioner and a refrigerant circulating air conditioner, and through repeated running experiments, the energy-saving effect of the product is greatly enhanced by coordinating the opening and closing of two sets of circulating systems in the refrigerating and heating modes respectively. Meanwhile, the product is upgraded and transformed, and on the basis of an early product, various detailed and humanized functional designs such as a blowing preheating function, a cold air blowing prevention function, a remote startup and shutdown operation function and a refrigerant compressor temperature control function are added, so that the using effect and the using experience of the product are improved.

Description

Intelligent dual-energy double-effect air conditioner
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of indoor temperature adjusting devices, and particularly relates to an intelligent dual-energy dual-effect air conditioner.
Background
The traditional freon circulating air conditioning water conditioning air conditioner is widely applied to various fields of social production and life, but has advantages and disadvantages in the using process due to the limitation of the structure and the working principle of the air conditioner. In order to solve the practical technical problem, the applicant has applied to the following patent numbers 2012: 201210075894.1 patent names: the invention relates to a double-medium circulation cooling and heating humidifying air conditioner, which is an invention patent of a double-medium circulation cooling and heating humidifying air conditioner and aims to always improve and reform a new product, and an applicant develops a new generation of intelligent double-energy double-effect air conditioner by combining with the use experience of the product along with the increasing enrichment of software functions brought by the development of science and technology. Thereby further promoting the practicability of the air conditioner and saving the consumption of the product on environmental energy.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an intelligent dual-energy and dual-effect air conditioner which can conveniently and effectively adjust the temperature of a room.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: the intelligent double-energy double-effect air conditioner comprises an air conditioner shell, wherein an air outlet is formed in the air conditioner shell, and a heat exchange fan, a water circulation system, a Freon circulation system and a heat exchanger are installed on the air conditioner shell; the heat exchanger comprises a water heat exchange tube and a Freon heat exchange tube, and the two groups of pipelines are mutually coiled or stacked together but are not communicated with each other; the water circulation system is communicated with a water heat exchange tube of the heat exchanger, and the Freon circulation system is communicated with a Freon heat exchange tube of the heat exchanger; the water circulation system comprises a water pump, a water inlet pipe, a water evaporation pipe, a water return pipe and a water outlet pipe, wherein one end of the water inlet pipe is provided with the water pump and is inserted into an underground water source, the other end of the water inlet pipe is connected with the water evaporation pipe, the water evaporation pipe is connected with the water return pipe, the water return pipe is connected with the inlet end of a water heat exchange pipe in the heat exchanger, the outlet end of the water heat exchange pipe is connected with one end of the water outlet;
the Freon circulating system comprises a Freon circulating pipeline, a four-way reversing valve, a Freon evaporating pipe, a liquid storage tank and a compressor, wherein a four-way interface of the four-way reversing valve is respectively connected with the Freon evaporating pipe, the liquid storage tank, the compressor and one end of a Freon heat exchange pipe in the heat exchanger through the Freon circulating pipeline; the other end of the Freon heat exchange tube is connected with a Freon evaporation tube; the liquid storage tank is connected with the compressor;
the air conditioner is characterized in that the air conditioner runs in a high-efficiency refrigeration mode, an energy-saving refrigeration mode, a high-efficiency heating mode, an energy-saving heating mode and an intelligent heating mode;
when the air conditioner is in a high-efficiency heating mode or a high-efficiency refrigerating mode, the water circulation system and the Freon circulation system operate simultaneously; when the air conditioner is in an energy-saving heating mode or an energy-saving refrigerating mode, the Freon circulating system stops working, and the water circulating system operates independently; before the air conditioner starts the high-efficiency heating mode or the high-efficiency refrigerating mode, starting a water circulation pre-starting mode;
the water circulation system also comprises an intelligent electromagnetic regulation device, the intelligent electromagnetic regulation device comprises a first intelligent drainage branch and a second intelligent drainage branch, one end of the first intelligent drainage branch is connected with the water inlet pipe through a first three-way interface, and the first three-way interface is arranged between the water pump and the water evaporation pipe; the other end of the first intelligent drainage branch is connected with the water outlet pipe through a second tee joint, and the second tee joint is arranged between the water heat exchange pipe and an underground water source; a first electromagnetic valve is arranged on the first intelligent drainage branch, and a second electromagnetic valve is arranged between the water evaporation pipe and the first three-way connector; one end of the second intelligent drainage branch is connected with a water outlet pipe through a third tee joint, and the third tee joint is arranged between the second tee joint and an underground water source; the other end of the second intelligent drainage branch is connected with a water return pipe through a fourth tee joint, and the fourth tee joint is arranged between the water evaporation pipe and the water heat exchange pipe; a third electromagnetic valve is arranged between the second three-way valve and the underground water source; a fourth electromagnetic valve is arranged on the second intelligent drainage branch; when the air conditioner is in an intelligent heating mode, the first electromagnetic valve and the fourth electromagnetic valve are opened, the second electromagnetic valve and the third electromagnetic valve are closed, underground water enters the water heat exchange tube of the heat exchanger through the water inlet tube and the first intelligent drainage branch, and flows back to an underground water source through the water return tube and the second intelligent drainage branch after exchanging heat with the heat exchange tube of the evaporator; when the air conditioner is in the high-efficiency refrigeration mode, the energy-saving refrigeration mode, the high-efficiency heating mode and the energy-saving heating mode, the second electromagnetic valve and the third electromagnetic valve are opened, and the first electromagnetic valve and the fourth electromagnetic valve are closed.
Preferably, the air conditioner also comprises a fluorine-lacking protection control device, a waste heat blowing control device, an ultrahigh temperature prevention device and a high-pressure protection device; under the high-efficiency heating mode and the high-efficiency refrigerating mode, the fluorine-lacking protection control device starts a fluorine-lacking protection function, the waste heat blowing device starts a waste heat blowing function, the ultra-high temperature protection device starts an ultra-high temperature protection function, and the high-pressure protection device starts a high-pressure protection function;
the Freon-lack protection control device comprises a flowmeter, wherein the flowmeter is arranged in a circulating pipeline in a Freon circulating system; when the flow meter detects that the flow of the fluorine in the Freon circulating system is lower than a preset value, the fluorine-lacking protection control device can feed a shutdown signal back to the air conditioner to enable the air conditioner to stop working;
the waste heat blowing control device comprises a preheating temperature sensor, the preheating temperature sensor is arranged in the air conditioner shell, and when the preheating temperature sensor detects that the temperature in the air conditioner shell is higher than a preset value, the heat exchange fan continues to operate after the water circulation system and the Freon circulation system stop operating until the temperature in the air conditioner shell is lower than the preset value;
the ultrahigh temperature prevention device comprises a circuit board temperature sensor, the circuit board temperature sensor can sense the real-time temperature of the circuit board, and when the real-time temperature of the circuit board is higher than a preset value, the circuit board temperature sensor can feed a shutdown signal back to the air conditioner to enable the air conditioner to stop working;
the high-pressure protection device comprises a pressure sensor, the pressure sensor is arranged in a circulating pipeline in the Freon circulating system, and when the pressure sensor detects that the pressure in the circulating pipeline is higher than a preset value, the pressure sensor can feed a stop signal back to the air conditioner to stop the air conditioner.
Preferably, the device also comprises an anti-ultralow temperature protection device; under the high-efficiency refrigeration mode, the ultra-low temperature prevention protection device starts the ultra-low temperature prevention protection function; prevent ultra-low temperature protection device includes compressor temperature sensor, and compressor temperature sensor sets up on the compressor and can the perception compressor temperature, and when the temperature of compressor was less than the default, compressor temperature sensor can feed back shut down signal and give the air conditioner, makes the air conditioner stop work.
Preferably, the cold air preventing device is further included; in the efficient heating mode, the cold air preventing device starts the cold air preventing function; the cold air prevention device comprises a cold air prevention temperature sensor, the cold air prevention temperature sensor is installed on the Freon evaporation pipe, and when the cold air prevention temperature sensor detects that the temperature of the Freon evaporation pipe is higher than a preset value, the heat exchange fan starts blowing operation.
Preferably, the device also comprises a compressor temperature control device; the compressor temperature control device comprises a rack, wherein the rack comprises a fixed rack and a rotating rack, the fixed rack is sleeved on the periphery of the bottom of the compressor, and a circular track is arranged on the fixed rack by taking the compressor as the center of a circle; the rotary rack is arranged on the circular track through the electric pulley, and the rotary rack can rotate on the circular track through the electric pulley by taking the compressor as a rotation center; a cooling liquid backflow cavity is arranged on the rotating frame, and a water inlet pipe and a water drain pipe are arranged on the cooling liquid backflow cavity; the cooling device comprises a rotating rack, a plurality of J-shaped cooling liquid branch pipes, a cooling liquid return cavity, an electric winding wheel, a cooling liquid return cavity, an elastic rubber hose, a plurality of elastic rubber hoses, a plurality of cooling liquid return cavities and a plurality of cooling liquid return cavities, wherein the cooling liquid branch pipes comprise an arc-shaped end and a linear end; a cooling liquid water injection pipe is arranged at the upper part of the rotating rack, the upper end of the cooling liquid water injection pipe is connected with a water inlet pipe of a water circulation system through a cooling liquid injection pump, a plurality of water injection branch pipes are arranged at the lower end of the cooling liquid water injection pipe, and each water injection branch pipe corresponds to one cooling liquid branch pipe; when the electric reel drives the inhaul cable to tighten, the arc-shaped end part of the cooling liquid branch pipe can be pulled to be inserted into the corresponding water injection branch pipe; and after all the cooling liquid branch pipes are correspondingly connected with the water injection branch pipes, all the cooling liquid branch pipes form a non-contact cage type heating outer net surrounding the compressor.
Preferably, the compressor temperature control device further comprises a wind wheel heat dissipation outer frame; the wind wheel heat dissipation outer frame comprises a box-shaped double-layer shell, and the double-layer shell covers the outside of the compressor; the double-layer shell comprises an outer shell and an inner shell, and the outer shell and the inner shell are both provided with radiating strip seams; wind wheels are arranged between the outer shell and the inner shell, and each wind wheel is controlled by an independent wind wheel motor to drive the wind wheels to rotate; when the wind wheel is static, the blades of the wind wheel can shield the radiating strip seams on the outer shell and the inner shell, and when the wind wheel rotates, the inside air and the outside air of the double-layer shell can be exchanged and flow.
Preferably, an annular rubber plug and an annular magnetic attraction block are arranged in the cooling liquid branch pipe, and the annular rubber plug and the annular magnetic attraction block are sequentially arranged on the inner wall of the cooling liquid branch pipe from the direction of the pipe orifice inwards; one end of the water injection branch pipe inserted into the cooling liquid branch pipe is provided with a funnel-shaped pipe orifice; when the water injection branch pipe is inserted into the cooling liquid branch pipe, the annular magnetic suction block generates suction force on the water injection branch pipe, and the funnel-shaped pipe opening of the water injection branch pipe is tightly connected with the annular rubber plug.
Preferably, the inner wall of the cooling liquid branch pipe is provided with an annular arc groove; the outer wall of the water injection branch pipe is provided with a rubber expansion ring which is a hollow cavity, the water injection branch pipe is provided with a water expansion through hole, and the hollow cavity is communicated with the water injection branch pipe through the water expansion through hole.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
the product combines the advantages of a water air conditioner and a refrigerant circulating air conditioner, and through repeated running experiments, the energy-saving effect of the product is greatly enhanced by coordinating the opening and closing of two sets of circulating systems in the refrigerating and heating modes respectively. Meanwhile, the product is upgraded and transformed, and on the basis of an early product, various detailed and humanized functional designs such as a blowing preheating function, a cold air blowing prevention function, a remote startup and shutdown operation function and a refrigerant compressor temperature control function are added, so that the using effect and the using experience of the product are improved. The compressor temperature control function passes through wind wheel heat dissipation frame and coolant liquid branch pipe and drives, by each part simultaneous coordination, the operating temperature of control compressor whole body that can the at utmost, this design is favorable to protecting the compressor, prevents that the work from stopping when the temperature is too high, and the temperature is crossed the emergence of the condition such as can not start when low excessively. The invention has simple structure, flexible and convenient use, high efficiency and energy saving. The manufacturing cost is low, the practicality is good, and the popularization in the industry is suitable.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram illustrating the operation of a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an air conditioning function mode status function flow diagram;
FIG. 3 is an auxiliary function mode state function flow diagram;
FIG. 4 is a flow chart of an air conditioner protection function mode status function;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view showing the construction of a temperature control device for a compressor;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a wind turbine;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the structure of the coolant branch pipe;
FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram illustrating the operation of the second embodiment of the present invention;
in the figure: 1. a freon circulation line; 2. a Freon evaporator tube; 3. a four-way reversing valve; 4. a liquid storage tank; 5. a compressor; 6. a heat exchange fan; 7. a water evaporation tube; 8. a water inlet pipe; 9. a water pump; 10. a source of groundwater; 11. a water outlet pipe; 12. a water return pipe; 13. a heat exchanger; 14. a water heat exchange pipe; 15. a Freon heat exchange tube; 16. fixing the frame; 17. a wind wheel; 18. an electric reel; 19. a water injection branch pipe; 20. a coolant branch pipe; 21. rotating the bracket; 22. a circular track; 23. an elastic rubber tube; 24. a drain pipe; 25. a water inlet pipe; 26. a cooling liquid reflux cavity; 27. a rubber expansion ring; 28. an annular arc groove; 29. a water rising through hole; 30. an annular rubber plug; 31. an annular magnetic suction block; 32. a second solenoid valve; 33. a first tee fitting; 34. a first intelligent drainage branch; 35. a first solenoid valve; 36. a third tee joint; 37. a third electromagnetic valve; 38. a fourth solenoid valve; 39. a fourth tee joint; 40. a second intelligent drainage branch; 41. and a second three-way interface.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
Example one
An intelligent dual-energy dual-effect air conditioner comprises an air conditioner shell, wherein an air outlet is formed in the air conditioner shell, and a heat exchange fan, a water circulation system, a Freon circulation system and a heat exchanger are installed on the air conditioner shell; the heat exchanger comprises a water heat exchange tube and a Freon heat exchange tube, and the two groups of pipelines are mutually coiled or stacked together but are not communicated with each other; the water circulation system is communicated with a water heat exchange tube of the heat exchanger, and the Freon circulation system is communicated with a Freon heat exchange tube of the heat exchanger; the water circulation system comprises a water pump, a water inlet pipe, a water evaporation pipe, a water return pipe and a water outlet pipe, wherein the water pump is installed at one end of the water inlet pipe and is inserted into an underground water source, the other end of the water inlet pipe is connected with the water evaporation pipe, the water evaporation pipe is connected with the water return pipe, the water return pipe is connected with the inlet end of the water heat exchange pipe in the heat exchanger, the outlet end of the water heat exchange pipe is connected with one end of the water outlet. The Freon circulating system comprises a Freon circulating pipeline, a four-way reversing valve, a Freon evaporating pipe, a liquid storage tank and a compressor, wherein a four-way interface of the four-way reversing valve is respectively connected with the Freon evaporating pipe, the liquid storage tank, the compressor and one end of a Freon heat exchange pipe in the heat exchanger through the Freon circulating pipeline; the other end of the Freon heat exchange tube is connected with a Freon evaporation tube; the liquid storage tank is connected with the compressor. As shown in fig. 1, the intelligent dual-energy dual-effect air conditioner of the present invention has two independent circulation systems: a water circulation system and a Freon circulation system. Both systems can operate independently of each other. The air conditioner is also internally provided with a group of heat exchangers, the heat exchangers are internally provided with water heat exchange tubes and Freon heat exchange tubes, and the two groups of pipelines are mutually coiled or stacked together but are mutually independent and not communicated. The air conditioner optimizes the starting mode, and when the air conditioner is in the high-efficiency heating mode or the high-efficiency refrigerating mode, the water circulation system and the Freon circulation system run simultaneously; when the air conditioner is in an energy-saving heating mode or an energy-saving refrigerating mode, the Freon circulating system stops working, and the water circulating system operates independently; before the air conditioner starts the high-efficiency heating mode or the high-efficiency refrigerating mode, the water circulation pre-starting mode is started. The design can save power consumption energy efficiency to the maximum extent, coordinates the start and stop of two sets of circulating systems, and under the high-efficiency mode, the pre-starting of the water circulation can firstly change the working environment temperature of the air conditioner, so that the Freon circulation is started after the water circulation tends to be at the appropriate temperature.
The air conditioner also comprises a fluorine-lacking protection control device, a blowing waste heat control device, an ultra-high temperature prevention device and a high-pressure protection device; under the high-efficiency heating mode and the high-efficiency refrigerating mode, the fluorine-lacking protection control device starts a fluorine-lacking protection function, the waste heat blowing device starts a waste heat blowing function, the ultra-high temperature protection device starts an ultra-high temperature protection function, and the high-pressure protection device starts a high-pressure protection function; the Freon-lack protection control device comprises a flowmeter, wherein the flowmeter is arranged in a circulating pipeline in a Freon circulating system; when the flow meter detects that the flow of the fluorine in the Freon circulating system is lower than a preset value, the fluorine-lacking protection control device can feed a shutdown signal back to the air conditioner to enable the air conditioner to stop working, the waste heat blowing control device comprises a preheating temperature sensor which is arranged in an air conditioner shell, when the preheating temperature sensor detects that the temperature in the air conditioner shell is higher than the preset value, the heat exchange fan continues to operate until the temperature in the air conditioner shell is lower than the preset value, the ultra-high temperature prevention device comprises a circuit board temperature sensor which can sense the real-time temperature of a circuit board, when the real-time temperature of the circuit board is higher than the preset value, the circuit board temperature sensor can feed the shutdown signal back to the air conditioner to enable the air conditioner to stop working, and the high-pressure protection device comprises a pressure sensor, the pressure sensor is arranged in a circulating pipeline in the Freon circulating system, and when the pressure sensor detects that the pressure in the circulating pipeline is higher than a preset value, the pressure sensor can feed a stop signal back to the air conditioner to stop the air conditioner. The device also comprises an anti-ultralow temperature protection device; under the high-efficiency refrigeration mode, the ultra-low temperature prevention protection device starts the ultra-low temperature prevention protection function; prevent ultra-low temperature protection device includes compressor temperature sensor, and compressor temperature sensor sets up on the compressor and can the perception compressor temperature, and when the temperature of compressor was less than the default, compressor temperature sensor can feed back shut down signal and give the air conditioner, makes the air conditioner stop work. Also comprises a cold air preventing device; in the efficient heating mode, the cold air preventing device starts the cold air preventing function; the cold air prevention device comprises a cold air prevention temperature sensor, the cold air prevention temperature sensor is installed on the Freon evaporation pipe, and when the cold air prevention temperature sensor detects that the temperature of the Freon evaporation pipe is higher than a preset value, the heat exchange fan starts blowing operation. As shown in fig. 2, 3 and 4, in the power-on state, the on-off key is clicked to perform cooling/heating mode switching. And pressing for 5 seconds for a long time, and executing energy-saving/high-efficiency switching in the current mode. The heat exchange fan is controlled by a relay, and the output adopts a VH3.96-7-4 plug-in. The heat exchange fan also comprises a transverse air sweeping single machine and a longitudinal air sweeping motor, wherein the transverse air sweeping motor (single speed): the relay is controlled, the output adopts an insert, the load power is controlled to be 20W, and the inductive load is controlled; the longitudinal wind sweeping motor comprises: step motor, XH-5 socket output. The water pump is controlled by a relay, the output adopts an insert, the load power is controlled to be 1.5KW, and the inductive load is controlled; the output of the compressor is controlled by a relay, the control output adopts an insert, the power is controlled to be 2KW, and the inductive load (the contact current is more than 15A) is controlled; the conversion output of the four-way valve adopts an insert to control the load power to be 20W and the inductive load. The negative ion output adopts an insert to control the load power to be 20W and the capacitive load. The main control board inputs the description: power supply input: the power supply voltage is alternating 220V +/-10% with the frequency of 50HZ, and the load is controlled to be 1.5KW and the inductive load is input by adopting the inserting piece; water temperature sensor of water pipe: r25 ═ 5K, B ═ 3470 ± 1%. Input is carried out by adopting an XH-2 socket; indoor air inlet temperature sensor: r25 ═ 5K, B ═ 3470 ± 1%. Input is carried out by adopting an XH-2 socket; a water outlet water temperature sensor of the compressor heat exchanger, wherein R25 is 5K, and B is 3470 +/-1%; input is carried out by adopting an XH-2 socket; an outdoor temperature sensor: r25 ═ 5K, B ═ 3470 ± 1%. Input is carried out by adopting an XH-2 socket; a pressure protection sensor of the compressor, namely high-voltage protection (the pressure is conducted when the pressure is normal and disconnected when the pressure is higher than a normal value), adopts a VH3.96-2 socket for input; a pressure protection sensor of the compressor, namely low-voltage protection (the pressure is conducted when normal and disconnected when the pressure is lower than a normal value), adopts a VH3.96-2 socket for input; a water flow switch (conducted when water passes through the switch) is input by adopting a VH3.96-2 socket; a supply voltage detection input; the remote controller adopts an infrared receiving window for operation input; operating a key: key on/off, wind swing key, wind speed key, mode key, temperature-key, temperature + key, oxygen bar, (sleep key), high efficiency (compressor working)/energy saving (compressor not working) key. The functions of the intelligent dual-energy dual-effect air conditioner mainly comprise: function mode conversion function: cooling or heating; the function of switching the efficiency mode: energy savings (water air conditioning mode, compressor off) or high efficiency (compressor on); the wind speed setting function: high speed, medium speed, low speed and automatic; an automatic wind speed setting function; the transverse wind sweeping function is as follows: swing or stop; the longitudinal wind sweeping function is as follows: automatic opening, returning, automatic swinging and angle fixing; negative ion (oxygen bar) output function: working or stopping; a water pump function (the air conditioner independently pumps water when not in work); a sleep function; a timed power-on and power-off function; the protection function of the compressor (high-pressure protection, low-pressure protection, water flow protection, water pump non-working compressor non-starting, delayed starting protection); the temperature of a water outlet in a heating mode is too low (not more than 4 ℃); a protection function that the temperature of a water outlet in a refrigeration mode is too high (not less than 40 ℃); the water delivery pipeline is protected against freezing; the water pump overcurrent protection function; a power supply voltage is too low (less than or equal to 180V); the power supply voltage is over-high (more than or equal to 240V); the cold air prevention function is realized in the heating mode; fault display and alarm functions; the backlight plate has the functions of brightness adjustment and timing closing; a key locking function; and (4) remote control function. Each function mode of the air conditioner comprises: the following parameters are used for short: indoor temperature (return air inlet temperature): RT; the outdoor temperature WT; set temperature (user selected temperature): ST; water temperature of water delivery pipeline: GT; water temperature at the water outlet of the compressor heat exchanger: KT. Under the high-efficient refrigeration mode: cooling mode temperature setting range: 10-35 ℃, and the default set temperature is as follows: 25 ℃, a remote controller is 16-30 ℃, when the set temperature ST is less than or equal to (room air temperature RT-1), a cooling water pump is started, after the normal water flow is detected, when the room temperature RT is greater than ST ℃, a compressor is started, when the room temperature RT is less than or equal to (the set temperature ST-1), the compressor is closed, during the refrigeration shutdown process, a fan is operated for 30 seconds in a delayed mode to shut down or instruct to shut down, and the cooling water pump is closed in a delayed mode for 30 seconds, wherein the temperature control process is that when the room temperature RT is greater than the set temperature ST1 ℃, the water pump is started, the fan is started, and then the compressor is started after the water flow switch is confirmed to; when the indoor temperature RT is less than or equal to the set temperature ST-1, the compressor is closed, and the fan and the water pump are kept running. When the indoor temperature RT is less than or equal to the set temperature ST-2, the fan is closed, and the water pump is delayed for 30 seconds to be shut down. Under the energy-conserving refrigeration mode: under the mode, the compressor is not started, and the energy-saving purpose is achieved. If the press is not started, well water is pumped by the water pump for refrigeration. In the water cooling mode, the wind speed of the fan is selected by a wind speed key, and the temperature setting is consistent with the refrigeration mode. Under the mode of high-efficient heating: the heating temperature setting range is as follows: 10-35 ℃ and the default setting temperature is 25 ℃. When the controller receives a starting instruction, the four-way valve is opened, the set temperature ST is more than or equal to (indoor temperature RT +1), and the cooling water pump is started; the water flow switch is not detected within 1.5 minutes after the cooling water pump is started, and after the water flow is normal after 1.5 minutes, the compressor is started immediately when the indoor temperature RT is less than the set temperature ST ℃; when the indoor temperature RT is more than or equal to (the set temperature ST +1), the compressor is closed, and the water pump is also closed; and (4) recovering the temperature, starting the water pump after 1.5 minutes to meet the protection requirement for 3 minutes, immediately starting the press, and controlling the temperature for 20 seconds. When the heating shutdown process is shut down, after the compressor is shut down, the shutdown of the indoor fan is controlled by blowing waste heat; when the temperature reaches the control value, the four-way valve keeps running all the time, and is immediately closed when the command is turned off, and the cooling water pump is closed after being delayed for 30 seconds. Heating temperature control process: when the indoor temperature RT is less than the set temperature ST-1, a water valve/a water pump is started; when the indoor temperature RT is more than or equal to (the set temperature ST +1), closing the hot water valve/water pump; the indoor fan operates according to the waste heat blowing rule. In the energy-saving heating mode: the heating temperature setting range is as follows: the default setting temperature is 25 ℃ at 10-35 ℃, the remote controller is 16-30 ℃, the energy-saving heating mode is adopted, the compressor is not started, and the hot water pipeline is used for heating. And when the indoor temperature RT is less than the set temperature ST, starting the water pump and starting the fan. When the indoor temperature RT is more than or equal to (the set temperature ST +1), stopping the water pump and the fan, when the temperature of the water outlet is more than or equal to 33 ℃, the fan is allowed to be started, and when the temperature of the water outlet is less than 30 ℃, the fan is not allowed to be started. Ultra-low temperature protection (high-efficiency refrigeration mode): during refrigeration, when the temperature of the indoor coil pipe is less than minus 1 ℃ for 5 minutes after the compressor is started, the indoor fan automatically turns to high-wind operation; if the temperature of the indoor coil is lower than-1 ℃ for 11 minutes, the compressor is stopped under the low-temperature protection, and the indoor coil temperature and the low pressure flash synchronously; if the temperature of the indoor coil pipe is lower than minus 1 ℃, the temperature is recovered to be higher than minus 1 ℃ before fault alarm, the original wind speed of the fan is recovered, and the normal refrigeration operation is carried out. After the fault, when the temperature of the indoor coil pipe is more than or equal to 4 ℃, the indoor coil pipe immediately exits from the anti-freezing process, the fault is eliminated, and the indoor coil pipe enters the refrigeration operation again (and the water pump recovers to work, and the wind speed also recovers). When the fault occurs, the alarm can be relieved through switching the mode or shutting down. Ultra-high temperature protection (high-efficiency heating mode): entering the necessary conditions of heating and overtemperature protection: the compressor works; the indoor coil temperature Tp is more than 50 ℃, and the indoor fan automatically turns into high wind operation; the temperature Tp of the indoor coil is more than or equal to 58 ℃, after the heating anti-overtemperature protection is carried out, the compressor is stopped for protection, and the temperature of the indoor coil and the high pressure synchronously flash, and the fault needs to be automatically reset. Quitting the heating overtemperature protection condition: the indoor coil temperature Tp is less than or equal to 45 ℃. After the heating overtemperature protection is quitted, when the temperature is reduced, the device can be reset without shutdown. The cold air prevention function (high-efficiency heating mode) is as follows: in the heating mode, when the temperature of the indoor coil is more than or equal to 33 ℃, the fan is allowed to be started, and when the temperature of the indoor coil is less than 30 ℃, the fan is not allowed to be started. Meanwhile, the heating flickers synchronously without ringing. Waste heat blowing function (high-efficiency heating mode): when the air conditioner is in standby or shutdown in a heating mode, the compressor is closed at the moment, the indoor fan operates according to the waste heat blowing rule, and when the temperature of the indoor coil pipe is higher than 30 ℃, the fan keeps operating until the temperature is lower than 30 ℃. Fluorine deficiency protection (high efficiency heating mode): in the refrigeration mode, after the compressor continuously runs for 20 minutes, the temperature of the indoor coil is judged to be more than 20 ℃ and lasts for 60 seconds, the compressor is stopped, and the set temperature and the low pressure synchronously flicker at the same time, and when the fault occurs, the mode can be switched or the shutdown can be released; in the heating mode, after the compressor continuously runs for 20 minutes, the temperature of the indoor coil is less than 25 ℃ and lasts for 60 seconds, the compressor is stopped, and the 'set temperature' and the 'low pressure' synchronously flash. This fail-over mode or shutdown may be eliminated.
The water pump pumps water under the function (the air conditioner pumps water alone when not working): when the air conditioner does not work, a remote controller refrigeration or air conditioner mode key is pressed, the water pump is started to supply water, the display screen displays the 'water pump', and the stop key is pressed to stop the water pump. The compressor has the following protection functions: when the pressure in the pipeline is lower than a certain set value, the pressure switch is switched on, and when the pressure in the pipeline is higher than the set value, the pressure switch is switched off, and the compressor stops working. Before the compressor is started, if the high-pressure sensor is disconnected and switched on, timing is started according to the last disconnection; after the air conditioner normally works, the high voltage is normally displayed by the liquid crystal display screen; when the pressure is too high in the fault state, the high-voltage switch is switched off, the liquid crystal display screen flashes at high voltage for 10 seconds, the sound alarm is carried out while flashing, the compressor stops running after 20 seconds of flashing and sound alarm, and the fan and the water pump stop working after 30 seconds; if the temperature of the pipeline is higher than 30 ℃, the fan continues to operate until the temperature of the pipeline is lower than 30 ℃, and the fan stops. During the fault period, the flashing and sound alarming are not stopped until the fault is relieved; after the fault is relieved, the water pump, the compressor and the fan are restarted after delaying for 3 minutes, or a 'work/stop' button is pressed, the alarm is relieved, the air conditioner stops working, the standby state is realized, the 'work/stop' button is pressed again, and the air conditioner is switched to the working state again. And starting timing according to the last disconnection if the high-pressure sensor is disconnected before the compressor stops due to the fault. When the pressure in the pipeline is lower than a set value, the pressure switch is disconnected, and the compressor stops working. Before the compressor is started, if the low-pressure sensor is disconnected and switched on, timing is started according to the last disconnection; after the air conditioner normally works, the liquid crystal display screen normally displays the low voltage; when the pressure of the fault state is too low and the low-voltage switch is switched off, the liquid crystal display screen flickers at low voltage for 10 seconds and gives an alarm by sound at the same time, after the flickering and the alarm by sound for 3 minutes, the compressor stops running, and after 3 minutes and 30 seconds, the fan and the water pump keep working; if the temperature of the pipeline is higher than 30 ℃, the fan continues to operate until the temperature of the pipeline is lower than 30 ℃, and the fan stops. During the fault period, the flashing and sound alarming are not stopped until the fault is relieved, after the fault is relieved, the water pump, the compressor and the fan are restarted after delaying for 3 minutes, or the 'working/stopping' button is pressed, the alarm is relieved, the air conditioner stops working, the standby state is realized, the 'working/stopping' button is pressed again, and the air conditioner is switched to the working state again. And starting timing according to the last disconnection if the low-pressure sensor is disconnected before the compressor stops due to the fault. During the rivers protection, concatenate rivers switch in the air conditioner water supply pipeline and regard as the rivers sensor for the condition of flowing of detection pipeline normal water, when anhydrous flow, the switch disconnection, the switch switches on when rivers flow. The air conditioner is started, the water pump is started, and the fan is started in the refrigeration mode. The water supply pipeline is provided with water passing pipelines, a water flow switch is switched on, a liquid crystal display screen displays water flow, water flow is not detected within 1.5 minutes, after 1.5 minutes and 5 seconds after normal water flow detection, the water flow is normal, a compressor is started, and a fan and the like are started according to a working program in a refrigeration removal state; during this time, a water flow interruption of 0.5 seconds indicates a water flow failure. Before the compressor is started, if the water flow is cut off, timing is started according to the last conduction; after the air conditioner normally works, the 'water flow' of the liquid crystal display screen is normally displayed; if the water supply pipeline breaks down and leads to the disconnection of the 'water flow' sensor, the 'water flow' of the liquid crystal display screen flashes for alarm, and after 10 seconds of flashing, the sound alarm is given out while flashing. After the alarm is given for 10 seconds, the compressor stops running, and after 30 seconds, the fan and the water pump stop working; if the temperature of the pipeline is higher than 30 ℃, the fan continues to operate until the temperature of the pipeline is lower than 30 ℃, and the fan stops. During the fault period, the flashing and sound alarming are not stopped until the fault is relieved; after the fault is relieved, the water pump, the compressor and the fan are restarted after delaying for 3 minutes, or a 'work/stop' button is pressed, the alarm is relieved, the air conditioner stops working, the standby state is realized, the 'work/stop' button is pressed again, and the air conditioner is switched to the working state again. Before the compressor stops due to a fault, if the water flow sensor is disconnected, timing is started according to the last conduction; the starting of the compressor is not delayed when being electrified for the first time, and the starting needs to be delayed for 3 minutes again; in order to prevent the compressor from being damaged due to continuous starting, the compressor is delayed for 3 minutes for starting protection, the compressor is electrified for the first time without delay, and the compressor is stopped and restarted for 3 minutes in the working process. The water pump does not work and the compressor is not started; the compressor can be started only when the water pump works with water flow, and the compressor is prohibited from being started when the water pump does not work and does not work with water flow. When the protection is crossed to delivery port temperature under the mode of heating, under the heating operating mode circumstances, utilize the temperature sensor who sets up at the delivery port to detect the temperature of delivery port to prevent that water supply line rivers undersize from leading to heating effect to reduce and prevent the heat exchanger condition of freezing to appear. Under the normal working condition, the liquid crystal display screen normally displays the water gap temperature; when the temperature of the water outlet is less than or equal to 5 ℃, after the temperature of the water outlet flashes for 10 seconds, the flashing and sound alarming are carried out simultaneously, after the flashing and sound alarming are carried out for 20 seconds, the compressor stops running, after 30 seconds, the fan must stop working, and the water pump keeps working; if the temperature of the pipeline is higher than 30 ℃, the fan continues to operate until the temperature of the pipeline is lower than 30 ℃, and the fan stops. When the temperature of the water outlet is more than or equal to 10 ℃, the fault is automatically relieved. During the fault period, the flashing and sound alarming are not stopped until the fault is relieved, after the fault is relieved, the water pump is started, the compressor and the fan are restarted after 3 minutes of delay, or the 'working/stopping' button is pressed, the alarm is relieved, the air conditioner stops working, the standby state is realized, the 'working/stopping' button is pressed again, and the air conditioner is switched to the working state again. The temperature sensor is not connected, and the related functions are not provided, so that the normal work of the air conditioner is not influenced. When the water outlet is protected at high temperature in the refrigeration mode. Under the condition of a refrigeration working mode, the temperature sensor arranged at the water outlet is used for detecting the temperature of the water outlet so as to prevent the reduction of refrigeration effect and the overhigh temperature of the compressor caused by the over-small water flow or overhigh temperature of the water supply pipeline. When the temperature of the water outlet is more than or equal to 35 ℃, after the temperature of the water outlet flashes for 10 seconds, the compressor stops running while flashing, after the flashing and the sound alarm are performed for 20 seconds, the water pump and the fan keep working (the lowest rotating speed of the fan is the set speed of the refrigeration mode), during the fault period, the flashing and the sound alarm are not stopped until the fault is relieved, after the fault is relieved, the water pump is started, after the time delay is 3 minutes, the compressor and the fan are restarted, or a 'working \ stopping' button is pressed, the alarm is relieved, the air conditioner stops working, the standby state is realized, the 'working \ stopping' button is pressed again, and the air conditioner is switched into the working state again. The temperature sensor is not connected, and the related functions are not provided, so that the normal work of the air conditioner is not influenced. The water pipeline anti-freezing protection comprises the following steps: when the outdoor temperature is less than or equal to minus 3 ℃, starting a water pump to feed water for 10 minutes, and starting once every 2 hours for circulation. When the outdoor temperature is less than or equal to minus 5 ℃, starting a water pump to feed water for 10 minutes, starting every 1 hour, and circulating. When the water pump overcurrent protection is started, a current transformer is connected in series in a water pump power supply circuit and used for detecting the power supply current of the water pump, and when the water pump breaks down to cause overlarge current, the power supply of the water pump and the compressor are cut off. Before the compressor is started, if the current of the water pump is large or small, timing is started according to the last fault detection; after the air conditioner normally works, the liquid crystal display screen displays the normal display of the water pump; when the sensor detects that the current of the water pump is overlarge, the liquid crystal display screen 'water pump' flashes, after 10 seconds of flashing, the flashing sound alarms, 20 seconds of flashing and sound alarming, the water pump stops working, the compressor stops running, and after 30 seconds, the fan stops working; if the temperature of the pipeline is higher than 30 ℃, the fan continues to operate until the temperature of the pipeline is lower than 30 ℃, and the fan stops. During the fault period, the flashing and sound alarming are not stopped until the fault is relieved; after the fault is relieved, the water pump is started, the compressor and the fan are restarted after 3 minutes of delay, or the 'work/stop' button is pressed, the alarm is relieved, the air conditioner stops working, the standby state is realized, the 'work/stop' button is pressed again, and the air conditioner is switched to the working state again. And starting timing according to the last detection of the fault if the current of the water pump is large or small before the water pump and the compressor stop. When the protection function of the over-low voltage is executed, when the voltage is lower than 180 volts, the compressor, the water pump and the fan stop working. When the voltage of a power grid is lower than 180V, the pressure of a fault state is too low, a liquid crystal display screen flashes at low voltage and a power supply, after flashing for 10 seconds, the liquid crystal display screen simultaneously alarms by sound, after flashing and alarming by sound for 20 seconds, the compressor stops running, and after 30 seconds, the fan and the water pump stop working; if the temperature of the pipeline is higher than 30 ℃, the fan continues to operate until the temperature of the pipeline is lower than 30 ℃, and the fan stops. During the fault period, the flashing and sound alarming are not stopped until the fault is relieved, after the fault is relieved, the water pump, the compressor and the fan are restarted after delaying for 3 minutes, or the 'working/stopping' button is pressed, the alarm is relieved, the air conditioner stops working, the standby state is realized, the 'working/stopping' button is pressed again, and the air conditioner is switched to the working state again. When the overvoltage protection function is executed, the compressor, the water pump and the fan stop working when the voltage is higher than 240 volts. When the voltage of a power grid is higher than 240V, the liquid crystal display screen flashes at high voltage and a power supply, the liquid crystal display screen flashes 10 seconds later and simultaneously alarms by sound, the compressor stops running after 20 seconds of flashing and sound alarm, and the fan and the water pump stop working after 30 seconds; if the temperature of the pipeline is higher than 30 ℃, the fan continues to operate until the temperature of the pipeline is lower than 30 ℃, and the fan stops. During the fault period, the flashing and sound alarming are not stopped until the fault is relieved; after the fault is relieved, the water pump, the compressor and the fan are restarted after delaying for 3 minutes, or a 'work/stop' button is pressed, the alarm is relieved, the air conditioner stops working, the standby state is realized, the 'work/stop' button is pressed again, and the air conditioner is switched to the working state again. When the outdoor temperature is less than or equal to minus 5 ℃, starting a water pump to feed water for 10 minutes, starting every 1 hour, and circulating. If the outdoor temperature sensor is not connected, the anti-freezing function is invalid. The anti-freezing function is ineffective when the sensor is in an open circuit or a short circuit, and the display screen displays the signals. The intelligent dual-energy dual-effect air conditioner has the advantages that the APP control function is added, and the operation mode, the operation wind speed and the set temperature can be set remotely through the unit parameter, state and alarm query function. The functions of inquiring the running time of the unit, remotely urging money, remotely locking the unit, remotely confirming the characteristic value inquiry of the first village of the electric control board and the like can be realized.
As shown in fig. 5 and 6, further comprises a compressor temperature control device; the compressor temperature control device comprises a rack, wherein the rack comprises a fixed rack and a rotating rack, the fixed rack is sleeved on the periphery of the bottom of the compressor, and a circular track is arranged on the fixed rack by taking the compressor as the center of a circle; the rotary rack is arranged on the circular track through the electric pulley, and the rotary rack can rotate on the circular track through the electric pulley by taking the compressor as a rotation center; a cooling liquid backflow cavity is arranged on the rotating frame, and a water inlet pipe and a water drain pipe are arranged on the cooling liquid backflow cavity; the cooling device comprises a rotating rack, a plurality of J-shaped cooling liquid branch pipes, a cooling liquid return cavity, an electric winding wheel, a cooling liquid return cavity, an elastic rubber hose, a plurality of elastic rubber hoses, a plurality of cooling liquid return cavities and a plurality of cooling liquid return cavities, wherein the cooling liquid branch pipes comprise an arc-shaped end and a linear end; a cooling liquid water injection pipe is arranged at the upper part of the rotating rack, the upper end of the cooling liquid water injection pipe is connected with a water inlet pipe of a water circulation system through a cooling liquid injection pump, a plurality of water injection branch pipes are arranged at the lower end of the cooling liquid water injection pipe, and each water injection branch pipe corresponds to one cooling liquid branch pipe; when the electric reel drives the inhaul cable to tighten, the arc-shaped end part of the cooling liquid branch pipe can be pulled to be inserted into the corresponding water injection branch pipe; and after all the cooling liquid branch pipes are correspondingly connected with the water injection branch pipes, all the cooling liquid branch pipes form a non-contact cage type heating outer net surrounding the compressor. The compressor temperature control device also comprises a wind wheel heat dissipation outer frame; the wind wheel heat dissipation outer frame comprises a box-shaped double-layer shell, and the double-layer shell covers the outside of the compressor; the double-layer shell comprises an outer shell and an inner shell, and the outer shell and the inner shell are both provided with radiating strip seams; wind wheels are arranged between the outer shell and the inner shell, and each wind wheel is controlled by an independent wind wheel motor to drive the wind wheels to rotate; when the wind wheel is static, the blades of the wind wheel can shield the radiating strip seams on the outer shell and the inner shell, and when the wind wheel rotates, the inside air and the outside air of the double-layer shell can be exchanged and flow. An annular rubber plug and an annular magnetic block are arranged in the cooling liquid branch pipe, and the annular rubber plug and the annular magnetic block are sequentially arranged on the inner wall of the cooling liquid branch pipe from the direction of the pipe orifice inwards; one end of the water injection branch pipe inserted into the cooling liquid branch pipe is provided with a funnel-shaped pipe orifice; when the water injection branch pipe is inserted into the cooling liquid branch pipe, the annular magnetic suction block generates suction force on the water injection branch pipe, and the funnel-shaped pipe opening of the water injection branch pipe is tightly connected with the annular rubber plug. As shown in fig. 7, an annular arc groove is arranged on the inner wall of the cooling liquid branch pipe; the outer wall of the water injection branch pipe is provided with a rubber expansion ring which is a hollow cavity, the water injection branch pipe is provided with a water expansion through hole, and the hollow cavity is communicated with the water injection branch pipe through the water expansion through hole. When the device is used, the closed and open states of the periphery of the compressor can be realized by adjusting the wind wheel on the fixed support, when the adjusting function reaches the upper limit, the cooling liquid branch pipe can be driven by the rotating support, the cooling operation can be carried out on the air on the periphery of the compressor along the circular track, the work of the compressor is further influenced, and the normal work of the compressor is ensured to the maximum extent.
Example two
The air conditioning operation further includes an intelligent heating mode.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 8, the water circulation system further includes an intelligent electromagnetic regulation and control device, the intelligent electromagnetic regulation and control device includes a first intelligent drainage branch and a second intelligent drainage branch, one end of the first intelligent drainage branch is connected to the water inlet pipe through a first three-way interface, and the first three-way interface is arranged between the water pump and the water evaporation pipe; the other end of the first intelligent drainage branch is connected with the water outlet pipe through a second tee joint, and the second tee joint is arranged between the water heat exchange pipe and an underground water source; a first electromagnetic valve is arranged on the first intelligent drainage branch, and a second electromagnetic valve is arranged between the water evaporation pipe and the first three-way connector; one end of the second intelligent drainage branch is connected with a water outlet pipe through a third tee joint, and the third tee joint is arranged between the second tee joint and an underground water source; the other end of the second intelligent drainage branch is connected with a water return pipe through a fourth tee joint, and the fourth tee joint is arranged between the water evaporation pipe and the water heat exchange pipe; a third electromagnetic valve is arranged between the second three-way valve and the underground water source; and a fourth electromagnetic valve is arranged on the second intelligent drainage branch.
When the air conditioner is in an intelligent heating mode, the first electromagnetic valve and the fourth electromagnetic valve are opened, the second electromagnetic valve and the third electromagnetic valve are closed, underground water enters the water heat exchange tube of the heat exchanger along the water inlet tube and the first intelligent drainage branch, and flows back to an underground water source through the water return tube and the second intelligent drainage branch after exchanging heat with the heat exchange tube of the evaporator.
When the air conditioner needs to be in a high-efficiency refrigeration mode, an energy-saving refrigeration mode, a high-efficiency heating mode and an energy-saving heating mode, the second electromagnetic valve and the third electromagnetic valve are opened, and the first electromagnetic valve and the fourth electromagnetic valve are closed.
It should be noted that the above-mentioned embodiments are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, and any equivalent or similar substitutes within the scope of the present invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art from the following description and claims.

Claims (8)

1. An intelligent dual-energy dual-effect air conditioner comprises an air conditioner shell, wherein an air outlet is formed in the air conditioner shell, and a heat exchange fan, a water circulation system, a Freon circulation system and a heat exchanger are installed on the air conditioner shell; the heat exchanger comprises a water heat exchange tube and a Freon heat exchange tube, and the two groups of pipelines are mutually coiled or stacked together but are not communicated with each other; the water circulation system is communicated with a water heat exchange tube of the heat exchanger, and the Freon circulation system is communicated with a Freon heat exchange tube of the heat exchanger; the water circulation system comprises a water pump, a water inlet pipe, a water evaporation pipe, a water return pipe and a water outlet pipe, wherein one end of the water inlet pipe is provided with the water pump and is inserted into an underground water source, the other end of the water inlet pipe is connected with the water evaporation pipe, the water evaporation pipe is connected with the water return pipe, the water return pipe is connected with the inlet end of a water heat exchange pipe in the heat exchanger, the outlet end of the water heat exchange pipe is connected with one end of the water outlet;
the Freon circulating system comprises a Freon circulating pipeline, a four-way reversing valve, a Freon evaporating pipe, a liquid storage tank and a compressor, wherein a four-way interface of the four-way reversing valve is respectively connected with the Freon evaporating pipe, the liquid storage tank, the compressor and one end of a Freon heat exchange pipe in the heat exchanger through the Freon circulating pipeline; the other end of the Freon heat exchange tube is connected with a Freon evaporation tube; the liquid storage tank is connected with the compressor;
the air conditioner is characterized in that the air conditioner runs in a high-efficiency refrigeration mode, an energy-saving refrigeration mode, a high-efficiency heating mode, an energy-saving heating mode and an intelligent heating mode;
when the air conditioner is in a high-efficiency heating mode or a high-efficiency refrigerating mode, the water circulation system and the Freon circulation system operate simultaneously; when the air conditioner is in an energy-saving heating mode or an energy-saving refrigerating mode, the Freon circulating system stops working, and the water circulating system operates independently; before the air conditioner starts the high-efficiency heating mode or the high-efficiency refrigerating mode, starting a water circulation pre-starting mode;
the water circulation system also comprises an intelligent electromagnetic regulation device, the intelligent electromagnetic regulation device comprises a first intelligent drainage branch and a second intelligent drainage branch, one end of the first intelligent drainage branch is connected with the water inlet pipe through a first three-way interface, and the first three-way interface is arranged between the water pump and the water evaporation pipe; the other end of the first intelligent drainage branch is connected with the water outlet pipe through a second tee joint, and the second tee joint is arranged between the water heat exchange pipe and an underground water source; a first electromagnetic valve is arranged on the first intelligent drainage branch, and a second electromagnetic valve is arranged between the water evaporation pipe and the first three-way connector; one end of the second intelligent drainage branch is connected with a water outlet pipe through a third tee joint, and the third tee joint is arranged between the second tee joint and an underground water source; the other end of the second intelligent drainage branch is connected with a water return pipe through a fourth tee joint, and the fourth tee joint is arranged between the water evaporation pipe and the water heat exchange pipe; a third electromagnetic valve is arranged between the second three-way valve and the underground water source; a fourth electromagnetic valve is arranged on the second intelligent drainage branch; when the air conditioner is in an intelligent heating mode, the first electromagnetic valve and the fourth electromagnetic valve are opened, the second electromagnetic valve and the third electromagnetic valve are closed, underground water enters the water heat exchange tube of the heat exchanger through the water inlet tube and the first intelligent drainage branch, and flows back to an underground water source through the water return tube and the second intelligent drainage branch after exchanging heat with the heat exchange tube of the evaporator; when the air conditioner is in the high-efficiency refrigeration mode, the energy-saving refrigeration mode, the high-efficiency heating mode and the energy-saving heating mode, the second electromagnetic valve and the third electromagnetic valve are opened, and the first electromagnetic valve and the fourth electromagnetic valve are closed.
2. The intelligent dual-energy dual-effect air conditioner according to claim 1, further comprising a fluorine-deficient protection control device, a waste heat blowing control device, an ultra-high temperature prevention device and a high-pressure protection device; under the high-efficiency heating mode and the high-efficiency refrigerating mode, the fluorine-lacking protection control device starts a fluorine-lacking protection function, the waste heat blowing device starts a waste heat blowing function, the ultra-high temperature protection device starts an ultra-high temperature protection function, and the high-pressure protection device starts a high-pressure protection function;
the Freon-lack protection control device comprises a flowmeter, wherein the flowmeter is arranged in a circulating pipeline in a Freon circulating system; when the flow meter detects that the flow of the fluorine in the Freon circulating system is lower than a preset value, the fluorine-lacking protection control device can feed a shutdown signal back to the air conditioner to enable the air conditioner to stop working;
the waste heat blowing control device comprises a preheating temperature sensor, the preheating temperature sensor is arranged in the air conditioner shell, and when the preheating temperature sensor detects that the temperature in the air conditioner shell is higher than a preset value, the heat exchange fan continues to operate after the water circulation system and the Freon circulation system stop operating until the temperature in the air conditioner shell is lower than the preset value;
the ultrahigh temperature prevention device comprises a circuit board temperature sensor, the circuit board temperature sensor can sense the real-time temperature of the circuit board, and when the real-time temperature of the circuit board is higher than a preset value, the circuit board temperature sensor can feed a shutdown signal back to the air conditioner to enable the air conditioner to stop working;
the high-pressure protection device comprises a pressure sensor, the pressure sensor is arranged in a circulating pipeline in the Freon circulating system, and when the pressure sensor detects that the pressure in the circulating pipeline is higher than a preset value, the pressure sensor can feed a stop signal back to the air conditioner to stop the air conditioner.
3. The intelligent dual-energy dual-effect air conditioner as claimed in claim 2, further comprising an anti-ultra-low temperature protection device; under the high-efficiency refrigeration mode, the ultra-low temperature prevention protection device starts the ultra-low temperature prevention protection function; prevent ultra-low temperature protection device includes compressor temperature sensor, and compressor temperature sensor sets up on the compressor and can the perception compressor temperature, and when the temperature of compressor was less than the default, compressor temperature sensor can feed back shut down signal and give the air conditioner, makes the air conditioner stop work.
4. The intelligent dual-energy dual-effect air conditioner according to claim 2, further comprising a cold air preventing device; in the efficient heating mode, the cold air preventing device starts the cold air preventing function; the cold air prevention device comprises a cold air prevention temperature sensor, the cold air prevention temperature sensor is installed on the Freon evaporation pipe, and when the cold air prevention temperature sensor detects that the temperature of the Freon evaporation pipe is higher than a preset value, the heat exchange fan starts blowing operation.
5. The intelligent dual-energy double-effect air conditioner according to claim 3 or 4, further comprising a compressor temperature control device; the compressor temperature control device comprises a rack, wherein the rack comprises a fixed rack and a rotating rack, the fixed rack is sleeved on the periphery of the bottom of the compressor, and a circular track is arranged on the fixed rack by taking the compressor as the center of a circle; the rotary rack is arranged on the circular track through the electric pulley, and the rotary rack can rotate on the circular track through the electric pulley by taking the compressor as a rotation center; a cooling liquid backflow cavity is arranged on the rotating frame, and a water inlet pipe and a water drain pipe are arranged on the cooling liquid backflow cavity; the cooling device comprises a rotating rack, a plurality of J-shaped cooling liquid branch pipes, a cooling liquid return cavity, an electric winding wheel, a cooling liquid return cavity, an elastic rubber hose, a plurality of elastic rubber hoses, a plurality of cooling liquid return cavities and a plurality of cooling liquid return cavities, wherein the cooling liquid branch pipes comprise an arc-shaped end and a linear end; a cooling liquid water injection pipe is arranged at the upper part of the rotating rack, the upper end of the cooling liquid water injection pipe is connected with a water inlet pipe of a water circulation system through a cooling liquid injection pump, a plurality of water injection branch pipes are arranged at the lower end of the cooling liquid water injection pipe, and each water injection branch pipe corresponds to one cooling liquid branch pipe; when the electric reel drives the inhaul cable to tighten, the arc-shaped end part of the cooling liquid branch pipe can be pulled to be inserted into the corresponding water injection branch pipe; and after all the cooling liquid branch pipes are correspondingly connected with the water injection branch pipes, all the cooling liquid branch pipes form a non-contact cage type heating outer net surrounding the compressor.
6. The intelligent dual-energy dual-effect air conditioner according to claim 3 or 4, wherein the compressor temperature control device further comprises a wind wheel heat dissipation outer frame; the wind wheel heat dissipation outer frame comprises a box-shaped double-layer shell, and the double-layer shell covers the outside of the compressor; the double-layer shell comprises an outer shell and an inner shell, and the outer shell and the inner shell are both provided with radiating strip seams; wind wheels are arranged between the outer shell and the inner shell, and each wind wheel is controlled by an independent wind wheel motor to drive the wind wheels to rotate; when the wind wheel is static, the blades of the wind wheel can shield the radiating strip seams on the outer shell and the inner shell, and when the wind wheel rotates, the inside air and the outside air of the double-layer shell can be exchanged and flow.
7. The intelligent dual-energy dual-effect air conditioner as claimed in claim 5, wherein an annular rubber plug and an annular magnetic attraction block are arranged in the coolant branch pipe, and the annular rubber plug and the annular magnetic attraction block are sequentially arranged on the inner wall of the coolant branch pipe from the direction of the pipe orifice inwards; one end of the water injection branch pipe inserted into the cooling liquid branch pipe is provided with a funnel-shaped pipe orifice; when the water injection branch pipe is inserted into the cooling liquid branch pipe, the annular magnetic suction block generates suction force on the water injection branch pipe, and the funnel-shaped pipe opening of the water injection branch pipe is tightly connected with the annular rubber plug.
8. The intelligent dual-energy dual-effect air conditioner as claimed in claim 7, wherein an annular arc groove is formed on the inner wall of the cooling liquid branch pipe; the outer wall of the water injection branch pipe is provided with a rubber expansion ring which is a hollow cavity, the water injection branch pipe is provided with a water expansion through hole, and the hollow cavity is communicated with the water injection branch pipe through the water expansion through hole.
CN201710422272.4A 2017-06-07 2017-06-07 Intelligent dual-energy double-effect air conditioner Active CN107036215B (en)

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