CN107033934B - Biomass rotary propulsion pyrolysis device - Google Patents

Biomass rotary propulsion pyrolysis device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107033934B
CN107033934B CN201710169319.0A CN201710169319A CN107033934B CN 107033934 B CN107033934 B CN 107033934B CN 201710169319 A CN201710169319 A CN 201710169319A CN 107033934 B CN107033934 B CN 107033934B
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China
Prior art keywords
pyrolysis
pipe
helical blade
discharging
feeding
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Active
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CN201710169319.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107033934A (en
Inventor
熊健
何涛
张琰
严义松
林文坤
田发科
金康
周传斌
程思奇
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WUHAN TIANYING ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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WUHAN TIANYING ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10BDESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONAGEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • C10B53/00Destructive distillation, specially adapted for particular solid raw materials or solid raw materials in special form
    • C10B53/02Destructive distillation, specially adapted for particular solid raw materials or solid raw materials in special form of cellulose-containing material
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10BDESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONAGEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • C10B47/00Destructive distillation of solid carbonaceous materials with indirect heating, e.g. by external combustion
    • C10B47/28Other processes
    • C10B47/32Other processes in ovens with mechanical conveying means
    • C10B47/44Other processes in ovens with mechanical conveying means with conveyor-screws
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/007Screw type gasifiers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/72Other features
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
    • C10J2300/0913Carbonaceous raw material
    • C10J2300/0916Biomass
    • C10J2300/092Wood, cellulose
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel

Abstract

The utility model provides a rotatory propulsion pyrolysis device of living beings, including the pyrolysis device, the pyrolysis device is connected with rotary device, the pyrolysis device includes inlet pipe (1), discharging pipe (8) and a plurality of pyrolysis pipe (4), the export of inlet pipe (1) is connected fixedly with the import of a plurality of pyrolysis pipe (4) respectively, the export of a plurality of pyrolysis pipe (4) is connected fixedly with discharging pipe (8) import respectively, be provided with feeding helical blade (2) in inlet pipe (1), be provided with ejection of compact helical blade (9) in discharging pipe (8), be provided with pyrolysis helical blade (5) in pyrolysis pipe (4), a plurality of here is one or more. The problem of the helical blade need not the bad sealed of the complicated mechanism production of independent rotation drive is solved, have good economy and environmental protection benefit.

Description

Biomass rotary propulsion pyrolysis device
Technical Field
The invention relates to a pyrolysis device, in particular to a biomass rotary propulsion pyrolysis device, and belongs to the technical field of biomass energy.
Background
Biomass is an organic substance produced by absorbing carbon dioxide in the air through photosynthesis. It is widely distributed, available in large quantities, and is the only renewable, storable natural feedstock containing hydrocarbon components and thermal energy. The biomass crop straws can generate combustible gas and biomass charcoal after pyrolysis, and the biomass crop straws are widely applied to industrial and agricultural production and life, so that the requirements of vast farmers on high-quality living fuels can be met, and the problem of biomass treatment is solved.
The key equipment for realizing the biomass fast pyrolysis technology is a pyrolysis device, which is the core for determining the heat utilization efficiency, the pyrolysis speed, the pyrolysis product quality, the equipment cost of a pyrolysis furnace and the heat supply safety operation of the pyrolysis furnace of the biomass pyrolysis. Currently, the existing pyrolysis device is generally provided with spiral propelling devices at the inlet and the outlet of the pyrolysis device; however, the pyrolysis device with the structure, in which the screw propulsion device is independently driven and stands, is generally poor in sealing and easy to generate the problem of sealing leakage, for example, the biomass gas generated by pyrolysis leaks, so that the production and maintenance cost is high, and the large-scale industrial production is not easy to realize.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a biomass rotary propulsion pyrolysis device aiming at the defects of easy generation of sealing leakage, high production and maintenance cost and the like of the conventional biomass pyrolysis device.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the technical scheme that: the utility model provides a rotatory propulsion pyrolysis device of living beings, includes the pyrolysis device, the pyrolysis device be connected with rotary device, the pyrolysis device include inlet pipe, discharging pipe and a plurality of pyrolysis pipe, the export of inlet pipe is connected fixedly with the import of a plurality of pyrolysis pipe respectively, the export of a plurality of pyrolysis pipe is connected fixedly with the discharging pipe import respectively, is provided with feeding helical blade in the inlet pipe, is provided with ejection of compact helical blade in the discharging pipe, is provided with pyrolysis helical blade in the pyrolysis pipe, a plurality of here is one or more.
The pyrolysis device be provided with the heating chamber outward, heating chamber upper portion be provided with heating chamber exhanst gas outlet, the heating chamber lower part is provided with heating chamber exhanst gas inlet.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. in the invention, the outlets of the feeding pipes are respectively connected and fixed with the inlets of a plurality of pyrolysis pipes, and the outlets of the plurality of pyrolysis pipes are respectively connected with the inlets of the discharging pipes; the feeding pipe is provided with a feeding helical blade, the discharging pipe is provided with a discharging helical blade, and the pyrolysis pipe is provided with a pyrolysis helical blade. The feeding pipe, the discharging pipe and the pyrolysis pipe are fixed together with the helical blade respectively and integrally rotate together, and the feeding pipe, the discharging pipe, the pyrolysis pipe and the helical blade do not have the problem of poor sealing, so that the problem of poor sealing caused by the fact that the helical blade needs to rotate independently and drive a complex mechanism is solved, and good economic and environmental benefits are achieved.
2. The aperture of the feeding pipe is small, the contact sealing surface of the feeding pipe and the heating bin is small, and the heat loss is small; the pyrolysis tube is small, is heated uniformly and is pyrolyzed fully.
3. The rotating speed of the pyrolysis device is in direct proportion to the pyrolysis time, and the higher the rotating speed is, the higher the biomass material propelling speed is, and the reaction time is short; the rotating speed is adjustable, so that the pyrolysis time is easier to control and the pyrolysis process is easier to adjust.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a sectional view a-a in fig. 1.
In the figure, a feeding pipe 1, a feeding spiral blade 2, a heating bin flue gas outlet 3, a pyrolysis pipe 4, a pyrolysis spiral blade 5, a heating bin 6, a heating bin flue gas inlet 7, a discharging pipe 8 and a discharging spiral blade 9.
Detailed Description
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to the following description of the drawings and the detailed description.
Referring to fig. 1-2, a biomass rotary propulsion pyrolysis device includes a pyrolysis device; the pyrolysis device is connected with a gear or other rotating devices, and the gear or other rotating devices drive the pyrolysis device to rotate during operation. The pyrolysis device comprises a feeding pipe 1, a discharging pipe 8 and a plurality of pyrolysis pipes 4, wherein the outlets of the feeding pipe 1 are respectively connected and fixed with the inlets of the plurality of pyrolysis pipes 4, and the outlets of the plurality of pyrolysis pipes 4 are respectively connected with the inlets of the discharging pipe 8; namely, the feeding pipe 1, the discharging pipe 8 and a plurality of pyrolysis pipes 4 are fixedly connected into a whole. The number of the pyrolysis tubes 4 is one or more, and the number of the pyrolysis tubes 4 can be generally 3 or 4 according to actual needs.
Referring to fig. 1 to 2, a feeding helical blade 2 is arranged in a feeding pipe 1, and the feeding helical blade 2 is generally fixed on the inner wall of the feeding pipe 1; the discharging pipe 8 is internally provided with a discharging spiral blade 9, and the discharging spiral blade 9 is usually fixed on the inner wall of the discharging pipe 8; the pyrolysis tube 4 is provided with a pyrolysis spiral blade 5, and the pyrolysis tube spiral blade 5 is usually fixed on the inner wall of the pyrolysis sleeve 4.
Referring to fig. 1 to 2, a heating bin 6 is arranged outside the pyrolysis device, a heating bin flue gas outlet 3 is arranged at the upper part of the heating bin 6, and a heating bin flue gas inlet 7 is arranged at the lower part of the heating bin 6. The heating bin 6 provides heat for the biological raw materials in the pyrolysis device, so that pyrolysis can be carried out.
Referring to fig. 1 to 2, in the present invention, a feeding pipe 1, a discharging pipe 8 and a plurality of pyrolysis pipes 4 are fixedly connected into a whole, and the whole is driven by a rotating device to rotate; in the rotating process of the feeding pipe 1, the discharging pipe 8 and the plurality of pyrolysis pipes 4, the feeding helical blade 2, the discharging helical blade 9 and the pyrolysis helical blade 5 rotate, and meanwhile, the biomass raw material is overturned and pushed among the feeding pipe 1, the discharging pipe 8 and the pyrolysis pipes.
Referring to fig. 1 to 2, the device can be applied to different biomass raw materials, and the specific working process is as follows: the biomass raw material enters the feeding pipe 1, and the raw material is turned over in the feeding pipe 1 under the action of rotation; the feed screw blades 2 in the feed pipe 1 propel the material forward during rotation until it enters the pyrolysis pipe 4 of smaller diameter. Pyrolysis pipe helical blade 5 in the pyrolysis pipe 4 makes the material impel forward at rotatory in-process along with whole platform device equally, and meanwhile heating chamber flue gas inlet 7 constantly gets into high temperature flue gas in the heated warehouses 6, mentions the heat transfer in the pyrolysis pipe 4, and the pyrolysis reaction takes place for the biomass material in pyrolysis pipe 4, and the flue gas is discharged in heated warehouses exhanst gas outlet 3. After the reaction, the biomass material enters the discharging pipe 8 and is discharged out by the rotational reasoning of the discharging helical blade 9. Meanwhile, the rotation speed of the pyrolysis device is in direct proportion to the pyrolysis time, the faster the rotation speed is, the higher the propelling speed of the biomass material is, and the reaction time is short.
The foregoing is a more detailed description of the invention in connection with specific preferred embodiments and it is not intended that the invention be limited to these specific details. For those skilled in the art to which the invention relates, several simple deductions or substitutions may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention, and the above-mentioned structures should be considered as belonging to the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (2)

1. The utility model provides a rotatory pyrolysis device that advances of living beings, includes the pyrolysis device, the pyrolysis device be connected with rotary device, its characterized in that: the pyrolysis device comprises a feed pipe (1), a discharge pipe (8) and a plurality of pyrolysis pipes (4), the outlet of the feeding pipe (1) is respectively connected and fixed with the inlets of a plurality of pyrolysis pipes (4), the export of a plurality of pyrolysis pipe (4) is connected fixedly with discharging pipe (8) import respectively, inlet pipe (1), discharging pipe (8) and a plurality of pyrolysis pipe (4) fixed connection are a whole, be provided with feeding helical blade (2) in inlet pipe (1), feeding helical blade (2) are fixed on inlet pipe (1) inner wall, be provided with ejection of compact helical blade (9) in discharging pipe (8), ejection of compact helical blade (9) are fixed on discharging pipe (8) inner wall, be provided with pyrolysis helical blade (5) in pyrolysis pipe (4), pyrolysis helical blade (5) are fixed on pyrolysis pipe (4) inner wall, a plurality of here is one or more.
2. The rotary biomass propelling pyrolysis device of claim 1, wherein: the pyrolysis device be provided with heating chamber (6) outward, heating chamber (6) upper portion be provided with heating chamber exhanst gas outlet (3), heating chamber (6) lower part is provided with heating chamber flue gas inlet (7).
CN201710169319.0A 2017-03-21 2017-03-21 Biomass rotary propulsion pyrolysis device Active CN107033934B (en)

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111704921A (en) * 2020-05-11 2020-09-25 光谷蓝焰(浏阳)新能源环保有限公司 Horizontal biomass pyrolysis furnace propelled by auger
CN111704917A (en) * 2020-05-11 2020-09-25 光谷蓝焰(浏阳)新能源环保有限公司 Auger-propelled horizontal biomass pyrolysis furnace containing thermoelectric power generation device
CN111704922A (en) * 2020-05-11 2020-09-25 光谷蓝焰(浏阳)新能源环保有限公司 Auger-propelled horizontal biomass pyrolysis device with thermoelectric power generation function

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101220285A (en) * 2007-12-19 2008-07-16 山东理工大学 Double-roller solid heat carrier biomass pyrolysis reactor
CN101597504A (en) * 2009-07-15 2009-12-09 大连理工大学 A kind of thermal analysis device for thermosetting carrier of turnover bed
CN102559220A (en) * 2010-12-11 2012-07-11 苏州格瑞展泰再生能源有限公司 Precisely controlled biomass gas and biomass carbon preparation system

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103695015B (en) * 2014-01-06 2015-08-12 中盈长江国际新能源投资有限公司 A kind ofly accelerate biomass pyrolytic aerogenesis speed and obtain the device and method of nanometer grade silica material

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101220285A (en) * 2007-12-19 2008-07-16 山东理工大学 Double-roller solid heat carrier biomass pyrolysis reactor
CN101597504A (en) * 2009-07-15 2009-12-09 大连理工大学 A kind of thermal analysis device for thermosetting carrier of turnover bed
CN102559220A (en) * 2010-12-11 2012-07-11 苏州格瑞展泰再生能源有限公司 Precisely controlled biomass gas and biomass carbon preparation system

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