CN107026277B - Hydrogen-electricity complementary charging and hydrogen supplying combination network - Google Patents

Hydrogen-electricity complementary charging and hydrogen supplying combination network Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107026277B
CN107026277B CN201710111470.9A CN201710111470A CN107026277B CN 107026277 B CN107026277 B CN 107026277B CN 201710111470 A CN201710111470 A CN 201710111470A CN 107026277 B CN107026277 B CN 107026277B
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hydrogen
oxygen
power generation
storage
energy
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CN107026277A (en
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高勇
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Grey House Shanghai Technology Development Co ltd
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上海恒劲动力科技有限公司
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/06Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues
    • H01M8/0606Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues with means for production of gaseous reactants
    • H01M8/0656Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues with means for production of gaseous reactants by electrochemical means
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/04Auxiliary arrangements, e.g. for control of pressure or for circulation of fluids
    • H01M8/04082Arrangements for control of reactant parameters, e.g. pressure or concentration
    • H01M8/04089Arrangements for control of reactant parameters, e.g. pressure or concentration of gaseous reactants
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/04Auxiliary arrangements, e.g. for control of pressure or for circulation of fluids
    • H01M8/04082Arrangements for control of reactant parameters, e.g. pressure or concentration
    • H01M8/04201Reactant storage and supply, e.g. means for feeding, pipes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/30Hydrogen technology
    • Y02E60/50Fuel cells

Abstract

The invention relates to a hydrogen-electricity complementary charging and hydrogen supplying combination network, which not only can simultaneously supply electric energy and hydrogen energy, but also can realize hydrogen-electricity complementary, and comprises at least one fixed hydrogenation charging station and a movable hydrogen production and power generation device, wherein a hydrogen storage device and a main power supply source are arranged in the fixed hydrogenation charging station, the movable hydrogen production and power generation device comprises a hydrogen production and power generation fuel cell module, the hydrogen production and power generation fuel cell module carries out electrolytic water hydrogen production or hydrogen energy power generation according to the hydrogen supply or power generation requirements of the fixed hydrogenation charging station, and the movable hydrogen production and power generation device determines the residence time in each fixed hydrogenation charging station according to the hydrogen and electric energy demand. Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages of low equipment cost, no limitation of a charging function by a power grid, realization of charging and hydrogen supply functions, flexible use of the functions of allocating according to requirements and charging and hydrogen supply, and the like.

Description

Hydrogen-electricity complementary charging and hydrogen supplying combination network
Technical Field
The invention relates to mobile hydrogen production power generation equipment, in particular to a hydrogen-electricity complementary charging and hydrogen supply combined network.
Background
Hydrogen is taken as renewable energy, not only is high in energy efficiency, but also almost generates no waste, and development of hydrogen is expected to become an important way for improving energy efficiency, reducing petroleum consumption, improving ecological environment and guaranteeing energy safety, so that development of a sustainable and efficient large-scale hydrogen production technology becomes an urgent need of a hydrogen energy era.
The existing charging and hydrogen-adding station is mainly provided with hydrogen production equipment, hydrogen compression equipment, a hydrogen storage tank and a hydrogen distribution device, wherein the equipment cost of the hydrogen production and hydrogen compression device is high, the cost for configuring a complete hydrogen production and hydrogen-adding station is high, and the popularization and utilization of hydrogen energy utilization are influenced to a great extent.
The electric energy source of the charging pile in the charging and hydrogen adding station is the existing power grid, the use of the electric energy is limited by the existing power grid, and the charging pile can not be used when the power grid can not supply power.
Disclosure of Invention
The present invention aims to overcome the defects of the prior art and provide a hydrogen-electricity complementary charging and hydrogen-supplying combination network.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
a hydrogen-electricity complementary charging and hydrogen supplying combination network is used for supplying electric energy and hydrogen energy simultaneously, and can also be used for completing charging by generating electricity through a fuel cell by using hydrogen when a power grid is powered off.
The movable hydrogen production and power generation device comprises a reversible hydrogen production and power generation fuel cell module, and the reversible hydrogen production and power generation fuel cell module performs hydrogen production by electrolyzing water or generating power by using hydrogen energy according to the hydrogen supply or power generation requirements of the fixed hydrogen charging station.
The movable hydrogen production power generation device determines the residence time of each fixed hydrogenation charging station according to the hydrogen and electric energy demand.
And a water source, an oxygen storage device, a hydrogen distribution device and an oxygen distribution device are also arranged in the fixed hydrogenation charging station.
The mobile hydrogen production device also comprises a hydrogen compression/conversion device and an oxygen compression/conversion device, the hydrogen production and power generation fuel cell module is provided with a power supply input/output interface, a cooling water inlet/outlet, a hydrogen inlet/outlet and an oxygen inlet/outlet,
when hydrogen is produced by electrolysis, a power input interface of the reversible hydrogen production and power generation fuel cell module is connected with a main power supply, an oxygen inlet is connected with a water source, a hydrogen outlet and an oxygen outlet are respectively connected with a hydrogen compression/conversion device and an oxygen compression/conversion device, the hydrogen compression/conversion device is connected with a hydrogen storage device, the oxygen compression/conversion device is connected with an oxygen storage device, and the hydrogen storage device and the oxygen storage device are respectively connected with a hydrogen distribution device and an oxygen distribution device;
when hydrogen energy is used for generating electricity, a hydrogen inlet and an oxygen inlet of the reversible hydrogen production and electricity generation fuel cell module are respectively connected with a hydrogen storage device and an oxygen storage device, a cooling water inlet is connected with a water source, and a power output interface is connected with electric equipment.
When hydrogen is produced by electrolysis, a water source and a power supply are connected, and after the reversible hydrogen production and power generation fuel cell module carries out water electrolysis, the obtained hydrogen and oxygen are respectively sent to a hydrogen storage device and an oxygen storage device for storage;
when hydrogen energy is used for power generation, hydrogen in the hydrogen storage device and oxygen in the oxygen storage device respectively enter the reversible hydrogen production power generation fuel cell module to react to generate water, and the obtained electric energy is output through the power output interface.
The movable hydrogen production power generation device utilizes the electric energy in the low price valley period to electrolyze water to produce hydrogen.
The main power supply source in the fixed hydrogenation charging station comprises the conventional power grid, solar energy, wind energy and geothermal energy.
The movable hydrogen production and power generation device is formed by combining an independent hydrogen production device and an independent power generation fuel cell device.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
1. network multifunctional setting: the network can simultaneously realize the functions of charging and hydrogen supply,
2. the method is not limited by the existing power grid and is complementary to hydrogen and electricity: under the condition of power grid outage, the hydrogen stored in the fixed hydrogenation charging station can be used for generating power, and the charging and hydrogen charging functions are more flexible to use;
3. the cost is low: the network in the invention uses the hydrogenation device as a movable hydrogen production power generation device, the number of the hydrogen production power generation devices is reduced, and the equipment cost is greatly saved;
4. and (3) converting new energy: the new energy can be selected as the electric energy source of the main power supply, so that the energy can be fully utilized.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a hydrogen-electricity complementary charging and hydrogen-supplying combination network;
wherein: 1. a mobile hydrogen production power generation device; 2. a primary power supply; 3. charging piles; 4. a hydrogen storage device; 5. a hydrogen gas distribution device; 6. a hydrogenation gun; 7. an oxygen storage device.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, not all, embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be obtained by a person skilled in the art without any inventive step based on the embodiments of the present invention, shall fall within the scope of protection of the present invention.
Examples
The invention relates to a charging and hydrogen supplying hybrid network, which comprises at least two movable hydrogen production and power generation devices 1 and a fixed hydrogenation charging station, as shown in figure 1. The fixed hydrogenation charging station is internally provided with a hydrogen storage device 4 and a charging pile 3, and the movable hydrogen production and power generation device 1 can generate power by utilizing hydrogen energy and can also generate hydrogen by utilizing the existing electric energy and store the hydrogen energy into the hydrogen storage device 4 in the fixed hydrogenation charging station. Therefore, the network has the dual functions of providing hydrogen energy and electric energy, and the new energy automobile can utilize the charging pile 3 and the hydrogenation gun 6 in the fixed hydrogenation charging station to respectively charge and hydrogenate. The network adopts the main power supply 2 to produce hydrogen for storage and supply hydrogen, and the stored hydrogen energy is used for generating power for charging when the main power supply 2 is powered off, so that hydrogen-electricity complementation is realized. In addition, the movable hydrogen production power generation device 1 can move between different fixed hydrogenation charging stations according to the requirements, is flexibly scheduled, has high equipment utilization rate and low cost, and can meet different requirements of power utilization and hydrogen utilization.
The method specifically comprises the following steps:
the movable hydrogen production and power generation device 1 comprises a reversible hydrogen production and power generation fuel cell module, a hydrogen compression/conversion device and an oxygen compression/conversion device, wherein the reversible hydrogen production and power generation fuel cell module is provided with a power supply input/output interface, a cooling water inlet/outlet, a hydrogen inlet/outlet and an oxygen inlet/outlet; the fixed hydrogenation charging station is internally provided with a charging pile 3, a water source, a hydrogen storage device 4, an oxygen storage device 7, a hydrogen distribution device 5 and an oxygen distribution device.
When hydrogen is produced by electrolysis, a power input interface of the reversible hydrogen production and power generation fuel cell module is connected with the charging pile 3, an oxygen inlet is connected with a water source, a hydrogen outlet and an oxygen outlet are respectively connected with a hydrogen compression/conversion device and an oxygen compression/conversion device, the hydrogen compression/conversion device is connected with a hydrogen storage device 4, the oxygen compression/conversion device is connected with an oxygen storage device 7, and the hydrogen storage device 4 and the oxygen storage device 7 are respectively connected with a hydrogen distribution device 5 and an oxygen distribution device;
when hydrogen energy is used for power generation, a hydrogen inlet and an oxygen inlet of the hydrogen production and power generation fuel cell module are respectively connected with the hydrogen storage device 4 and the oxygen storage device 7, a cooling water inlet is connected with a water source, and a power output interface is connected with electric equipment.
The working principle is as follows:
when hydrogen is produced by electrolysis, a water source and a power supply are connected, and after the reversible hydrogen production and power generation fuel cell module carries out water electrolysis, the obtained hydrogen and oxygen are respectively sent to the hydrogen storage device 4 and the oxygen storage device 7 for storage;
when hydrogen energy is used for power generation, hydrogen in the hydrogen storage device and oxygen in the oxygen storage device respectively enter the reversible hydrogen production power generation fuel cell module to react to generate water, and the obtained electric energy is output through the power output interface.
When the power supply of the existing power grid fails, the main power supply in the fixed hydrogenation charging station can utilize the hydrogen stored in the hydrogen storage device in the fixed hydrogenation charging station to generate power and supply power; the movable hydrogen production power generation device determines the residence time in each fixed hydrogenation charging station according to the hydrogen and electric energy demand, and flexibly allocates the movable hydrogen production power generation device according to the hydrogen and electric energy demand.
The electric energy source of the main power supply in the fixed hydrogenation charging station can be electric energy in a low-price valley period, so that the production cost of hydrogen energy is reduced, and meanwhile, the main power supply can also be new energy including solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy and the like, so that the new energy is effectively converted, and the full utilization of resources is realized.
The movable hydrogen production and power generation device can also be formed by combining an independent hydrogen production device and an independent power generation fuel cell device, is not limited to the use of an integral hydrogen production and power generation fuel cell, is unfixed in form and can be flexibly applied as required. In addition, the fuel cell can generate electricity using air and hydrogen in addition to hydrogen and oxygen.
While the invention has been described with reference to specific embodiments, the invention is not limited thereto, and various equivalent modifications and substitutions can be easily made by those skilled in the art within the technical scope of the invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (5)

1. A hydrogen-electricity complementary charging and hydrogen supplying combination network is used for supplying electric energy and hydrogen energy simultaneously and is characterized by comprising at least one fixed hydrogenation charging station and at least one movable hydrogen production and power generation device, wherein at least one main power supply source and a hydrogen storage device are arranged in the fixed hydrogenation charging station;
the movable hydrogen production power generation device provides electric energy or hydrogen energy according to user demands, the network adopts a main power supply to produce hydrogen for storage and hydrogen supply, the stored hydrogen energy is used for power generation and charging when the main power supply is powered off, and the movable hydrogen production power generation device utilizes the electric energy in the low-price valley period to produce hydrogen by electrolyzing water.
2. A hydrogen-electricity complementary charging and hydrogen-supplying combination network as claimed in claim 1, wherein the movable hydrogen-producing and power-generating device determines the staying time at each fixed hydrogenation charging station according to the hydrogen and electric energy demand.
3. The hydrogen-electricity complementary charging and hydrogen-supplying combination network of claim 1, wherein the movable hydrogen-producing and power-generating device further comprises a hydrogen compression/conversion device and an oxygen compression/conversion device, the hydrogen-producing and power-generating fuel cell module is provided with a power supply input/output interface, a cooling water inlet/outlet, a hydrogen inlet/outlet and an oxygen inlet/outlet,
when hydrogen is produced by electrolysis, a power input interface of the hydrogen production and power generation fuel cell module is connected with a main power supply, an oxygen inlet is connected with a water source, a hydrogen outlet and an oxygen outlet are respectively connected with a hydrogen compression/conversion device and an oxygen compression/conversion device, the hydrogen compression/conversion device is connected with a hydrogen storage device, the oxygen compression/conversion device is connected with an oxygen storage device, and the hydrogen storage device and the oxygen storage device are respectively connected with a hydrogen distribution device and an oxygen distribution device;
when hydrogen energy is used for generating electricity, a hydrogen inlet and an oxygen inlet of the hydrogen production and electricity generation fuel cell module are respectively connected with a hydrogen storage device and an oxygen storage device, a cooling water inlet is connected with a water source, and a power output interface is connected with electric equipment.
4. A hydrogen-electricity complementary charging and hydrogen-supplying combination network according to claim 3,
when hydrogen is produced by electrolysis, a water source and a power supply are connected, and after the hydrogen production power generation fuel cell module carries out water electrolysis, the obtained hydrogen and oxygen are respectively sent to a hydrogen storage device and an oxygen storage device for storage;
when hydrogen energy is used for power generation, hydrogen in the hydrogen storage device and oxygen in the oxygen storage device respectively enter the hydrogen production power generation fuel cell module to react to generate water, and the obtained electric energy is output through the power output interface.
5. A hydrogen-electricity complementary charging and hydrogen-supplying combination network according to claim 1, wherein the main power source in the fixed hydrogen-supplying charging station comprises the existing power grid, solar energy, wind energy and geothermal energy.
CN201710111470.9A 2017-02-28 2017-02-28 Hydrogen-electricity complementary charging and hydrogen supplying combination network Active CN107026277B (en)

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CN207225130U (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-04-13 深圳市凯豪达氢能源有限公司 One kind hydrogenation charging integrated pile and hydrogenation charging system

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103422112A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-12-04 高幼苏 Method and system for preparing hydrogen and carrying out combined water supply and power supply
CN104659896A (en) * 2013-11-17 2015-05-27 西安中科麦特电子技术设备有限公司 Solar energy and hydrogen energy complementary power generation type power supply system

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005125927A (en) * 2003-10-23 2005-05-19 Kurita Water Ind Ltd Mobile hydrogen producing apparatus, and hydrogen supply system

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103422112A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-12-04 高幼苏 Method and system for preparing hydrogen and carrying out combined water supply and power supply
CN104659896A (en) * 2013-11-17 2015-05-27 西安中科麦特电子技术设备有限公司 Solar energy and hydrogen energy complementary power generation type power supply system

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Effective date of registration: 20220428

Address after: 200000 room 718, No. 1256 and 1258, Wanrong Road, Jing'an District, Shanghai

Patentee after: Grey house (Shanghai) Technology Development Co.,Ltd.

Address before: Building 1, No. 1388, Zhangdong Road, Pudong New Area, Shanghai, 201203

Patentee before: Shanghai Everpower Technologies Ltd.

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