CN107007243A - Instrument for dental crown backlight scattering examination - Google Patents

Instrument for dental crown backlight scattering examination Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107007243A
CN107007243A CN 201710383925 CN201710383925A CN107007243A CN 107007243 A CN107007243 A CN 107007243A CN 201710383925 CN201710383925 CN 201710383925 CN 201710383925 A CN201710383925 A CN 201710383925A CN 107007243 A CN107007243 A CN 107007243A
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housing
end
mounting
mounted
laser
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CN 201710383925
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Chinese (zh)
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傅建华
傅子墨
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傅建华
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/00163Optical arrangements
    • A61B1/00172Optical arrangements with means for scanning
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/24Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for the mouth, i.e. stomatoscopes, e.g. with tongue depressors; Instruments for opening or keeping open the mouth
    • A61B1/247Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor for the mouth, i.e. stomatoscopes, e.g. with tongue depressors; Instruments for opening or keeping open the mouth with means for viewing areas outside the direct line of sight, e.g. dentists' mirrors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/0059Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons using light, e.g. diagnosis by transillumination, diascopy, fluorescence
    • A61B5/0082Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons using light, e.g. diagnosis by transillumination, diascopy, fluorescence adapted for particular medical purposes
    • A61B5/0088Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons using light, e.g. diagnosis by transillumination, diascopy, fluorescence adapted for particular medical purposes for oral or dental tissue

Abstract

The invention discloses an instrument for dental crown backlight scattering examination and relates to the technical field of medical oral cavity treatment. The instrument comprises an installing shell, a power supply device and a laser diode. The power supply device is installed inside the installing shell, a power switch and a power adjusting switch are installed on the installing shell, a circuit board is also arranged inside the installing shell, an L-shaped elastic tube is connected to one end of the installing shell, the laser diode is installed inside the other end of the L-shaped elastic tube, the laser output port of the laser diode is flush with the end of the L-shaped elastic tube, and a laser safety observation mechanism is also installed on the installing shell. The instrument achieves the technical advantages of having the obvious effect of examining the dental crown and periodontal hidden lesions and being simple and easy to use, low in price, safe and free of mechanical damage.

Description

一种用于牙冠背光散射检查的器械 One kind of crown scattering instrument backlight for inspection

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及口腔医疗技术领域,具体涉及一种用于牙冠背光散射检查的器械。 [0001] The present invention relates to dental technical field, particularly relates to a backlight device for one kind of scattered check dental crown.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 牙周病是人类常见病,其主要致病源是牙齿颈部的牙结石和菌斑,但由于其隐蔽在牙龈沟内,被牙龈瓣覆盖,容易被忽略,导致牙周病持续发展,最终牙齿脱落。 [0002] Human periodontal diseases are common, which is the major source of pathogenic dental plaque and dental calculus neck, but because of its hidden in the gingival sulcus, is covered by gingival flap, easily overlooked, leading to periodontal disease duration development, and eventually tooth loss. 而牙冠内部隐蔽部位的病变,如邻间龋,也很难确诊。 While the inner portion of the crown hidden lesions, such as interproximal caries, it is difficult to diagnose.

[0003] 现有技术中,传统口腔检查主要包括视诊和X片影像检查。 [0003] In the prior art, traditional oral examination including visual examination and X ray imaging. 视诊:普通白光无组织穿透性,只能观察其表面,所以无法观测到牙冠及其牙周隐蔽的病变。 Visual examination: no ordinary white tissue penetration, can only observe the surface, it can not be observed crowns and periodontal disease hidden. x片影像检查:x线电磁波穿透牙齿及牙槽骨后获得的组织影像,把三维信息转变为二维平面,导致组织细微病变被重叠覆盖,不易发现,如:牙结石、邻间小龋坏等。 imaging sheet x: x-ray imaging tissue obtained electromagnetic wave penetration teeth and the alveolar bone, the three-dimensional information into a two-dimensional plane, resulting in a fine tissue lesions are overlapping coverage, difficult to find, such as: dental calculus, small interproximal caries bad and so on. 同时,x线对人体组织细胞有电离作用,部分患者如:孕妇、幼儿需谨慎选择;而牙周探查,则容易导致牙周出血等创伤,甚至造成感染。 At the same time, x-ray on the human body tissue cells ionization, some patients such as: pregnant women, young children need to be cautious selection; and periodontal probe, can easily lead to periodontal trauma and bleeding, and even cause infection. 目前市场上也出现了一款牙周内窥镜设备,但价格巨贵,操作繁琐,也有机械创伤。 Currently on the market there have been a periodontal endoscope equipment, but the price is your giant, complicated operation, there are mechanical trauma.

[0004] 经过查询,目前市场上有利用390nm〜450nm的发光二极管来检测牙菌斑的荧光, 但其无法检测到牙周、牙冠隐蔽部位的病变。 [0004] After the query, there are currently on the market use a light emitting diode 390nm~450nm to detect fluorescence of dental plaque, but it can not detect periodontal disease hidden parts of the crown.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 针对现有技术中的缺陷,本发明提供一种用于牙冠背光散射检查的器械,用以实现牙冠及其牙周隐蔽病变的检查效果明显、简单易用、价格低廉且安全无机械创伤的技术效果。 [0005] For the prior art drawbacks, the present invention provides a backlight device one kind of scattered check for a crown, the crown and to achieve check the effect of periodontal lesions significantly hidden, easy to use, inexpensive and safe no mechanical trauma technical effect.

[0006] 为实现上述目的,本发明提供如下技术方案: [0006] To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:

[0007] 一种用于牙冠背光散射检查的器械,包括安装壳体、电源装置以及激光二极管; [0007] A dental crown back scattering inspection apparatus, comprising a housing mounting a power supply device and the laser diode;

[0008] 所述安装壳体内部安装有电源装置,所述安装壳体上安装有电源开关以及功率调节开关,所述安装壳体内部还设有电路板,所述安装壳体的一端连接有L型弹性管,所述L型弹性管的另一端的内部安装有所述激光二极管,且所述激光二极管的激光输出端口与所述L型弹性管的端部相平齐,所述安装壳体上还安装有激光安全观察机构。 [0008] The mounting housing is mounted inside the power supply device, the installation of the power switch and power regulator switch mounted inside said housing also housing a circuit board, one end of the mounting housing is connected L-shaped elastic tube inside the other end of said L-shaped elastic tube is attached to said laser diode, and said end portion of the laser output port and said L-shaped elastic tube flush with the laser diode, said mounting shell the body is also equipped with laser safety Observatory.

[0009] 作为一种改进的方案,所述激光安全观察机构包括卡箍、第一连杆、第二连杆以及椭圆形激光安全观察镜,所述安装壳体上沿径向方向设有一凹槽环,所述卡箍卡装于所述凹槽环内,所述第一连杆的一端铰接于所述卡箍的夹紧端内,所述第一连杆的另一端铰接有所述第二连杆,所述第二连杆的另一端通过万向接头连接有所述椭圆形激光安全观察镜。 [0009] As a modified embodiment, the observation means comprises a laser safety clip, a first link, second link, and elliptical laser safety mirrors, mounted on the housing is provided with a recess in the radial direction ring grooves, the card clamp ring mounted within said groove, one end of the first link is hinged to the inner end of said gripping clamp, the other end of the first link articulated with said a second link, the other end of the second link with a universal joint by the elliptical laser safety connection viewer.

[0010]作为一种改进的方案,所述万向接头包括安装盘、活动球以及固定套,所述安装盘的一端面固接于所述椭圆形激光安全观察镜上,所述安装盘的另一端面的边沿上围设有若干立杆,若干所述立杆围成的区域内安装有所述活动球,若干所述立杆的外壁上螺纹连接有一固定套,所述活动球利用所述固定套安装于若干所述立杆围成的区域内,所述固定套包括一圆筒,所述圆筒的一端固接有挡板,所述挡板上开设有活动孔,所述第二连杆穿过所述活动孔与所述活动球固接。 [0010] As a modified embodiment, the universal joint comprises a mounting plate, the movable ball and a fixed sleeve, an end face of the mounting plate is fixed to the upper laser safety elliptical mirrors, the mounting plate a plurality of uprights on the inner peripheral edge of the other end face, a plurality of uprights mounted on a region surrounded said movable ball, the outer wall of said plurality of uprights connected with a threaded sleeve is fixed, the movable ball using the the region of said sleeve is attached to the plurality of fixed uprights enclosed, said stationary sleeve comprises a cylinder, the cylinder is fixed at one end baffle, the baffle plate defines a hole active, the first the movable rod passing through two holes and fixed to the movable ball.

[0011] 作为一种改进的方案,所述安装壳体包括两个横截面为半圆形的壳体对接而成, 且所述安装壳体的两端分别设有缩口管段,且两个所述缩口管段上分别套装有扣合盖,且两个所述半圆形的壳体利用所述扣合盖对接固定。 [0011] As a modified embodiment, the mounting housing comprises two semi-circular cross section formed mating housing, and the mounting ends of the housing are provided necking tube section, and two the reduced pipe section are set on the opening cover has a snap, and the two semicircular housing cover abutting engagement with said fixed.

[0012] 作为一种改进的方案,其中一个所述扣合盖上设有充电插口,另一个所述扣合盖上连接有所述L型弹性管。 [0012] As a modified embodiment, wherein the snap cover is provided with a charging port, the other of said snap cover with said connecting L-shaped elastic tube.

[0013] 作为一种改进的方案,所述安装壳体内部设有固定卡爪,所述电源装置利用所述固定卡装安装于所述安装壳体的内部。 [0013] As a modified embodiment, the inner housing mounting a fixed jaw, said fixing power supply device using the card inside the mounting means attached to the housing.

[0014] 作为一种改进的方案,所述安装壳体内部还安装有安装座,所述电路板、电源开关以及功率调节开关均安装于所述安装座上。 [0014] As a modified embodiment, the inner housing mounting the mounting seat is also mounted, said circuit board, and the power supply switching regulator switches are mounted to the mounting base.

[0015] 作为一种改进的方案,所述功率调节开关为功率调节旋钮,且所述功率调节旋钮的一部分穿过所述半圆形壳体伸入至外侧。 [0015] As a modified embodiment, the power switch is a power adjustment knob, and a part of the power passing through the adjusting knob to the outside extends into the semicircular housing.

[0016] 作为一种改进的方案,所述电源开关为按钮式开关,且所述按钮式开关上连接有一按压柱,所述按压柱的一端穿过所述半圆形壳体伸入至外侧,另一端与所述按钮式开关相抵触。 [0016] As a modified embodiment, the power switch is a push-button switch, and the switch button is pressed is connected to a column, one end of the column passes through the semicircular pressing extend into the outer housing the other end of the push button switch conflict.

[0017] 作为一种改进的方案,所述激光二极管为波长为620nm至750nm的红色激光二极管。 [0017] As a modified embodiment, the laser diode is a red laser diode having a wavelength of 620nm to 750nm is.

[0018] 与现有技术相比,本发明的有益效果是: [0018] Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:

[0019] 用于牙冠背光散射检查的器械,包括安装壳体、电源装置以及激光二极管; Devices [0019] The backlight for a crown scatter examination, including a housing mounting a power supply device and the laser diode;

[0020]安装壳体内部安装有电源装置,安装壳体上安装有电源开关以及功率调节开关, 安装壳体内部还设有电路板,安装壳体的一端连接有L型弹性管,L型弹性管的另一端的内部安装有激光二极管,且激光二极管的激光输出端口与L型弹性管的端部相平齐,安装壳体上还安装有激光安全观察机构,基于以上结构,该装置放置在牙冠内侧、外侧、上端等部位, 激光二极管的激光辐射进入牙齿,光子在牙齿中散射、吸收、穿透,医生从对侧或横斜侧透过椭圆形激光安全观察镜直接或口镜反射观察:同时调节功率或/同时移动光源的位置/角度来等捕捉暗斑影像,利用激光二极管不同的激光辐射在牙体组织的穿透性和不同组织成分的不同吸收率,采用背光辐射方式,检查牙冠或牙周组织。 [0020] The inner housing is attached to the power supply device is mounted, is mounted on the housing mounting a power switch and power regulator switch mounted inside the housing is also provided with a circuit board, attached to one end of the housing is connected to an L-shaped elastic tube, L-shaped elastic the other end of the inner tube is attached to the laser diode, and the end portion of the laser output port and the L-shaped elastic tube flush with the laser diode, is mounted on the housing further observation laser safety mechanism is mounted, based on the above configuration, the device is placed crown inner, outer, upper end and other parts, the laser diode of the laser radiation into the teeth in the tooth photon scattering, absorption, penetration, or doctor observed from the opposite side through the diagonal side elliptical mirrors direct the laser safety or mouth mirror observation: while adjusting the power and / or the light source while moving the position / angle dark spots and the like captured images using different laser diodes in the laser radiation penetrating the tooth structure and different absorption rates of the different tissue components, backlit by radiation, check the crowns or periodontal tissues. 在无创伤、无电离、低成本、易操作情况下,观察牙齿和牙周组织的隐蔽病变,是现有牙周、牙体检查的有效补充。 In non-invasive, non-ionizing, low-cost, easy operation where the observed lesions concealed dental and periodontal tissues, an effective complement existing periodontal, dental examination.

[0021] 激光安全观察机构包括卡箍、第一连杆、第二连杆以及椭圆形激光安全观察镜,安装壳体上沿径向方向设有一凹槽环,卡箍卡装于凹槽环内,第一连杆的一端铰接于卡箍的夹紧端内,第一连杆的另一端铰接有第二连杆,第二连杆的另一端通过万向接头连接有椭圆形激光安全观察镜,万向接头包括安装盘、活动球以及固定套,安装盘的一端面固接于椭圆形激光安全观察镜上,安装盘的另一端面的边沿上围设有若干立杆,若干立杆围成的区域内安装有活动球,若干立杆的外壁上螺纹连接有一固定套,活动球利用固定套安装于若干立杆围成的区域内,固定套包括一圆筒,圆筒的一端固接有挡板,挡板上开设有活动孔, 第二连杆穿过活动孔与活动球固接,基于以上结构,设有激光安全观察镜片,以及方便拆卸,便于清理消毒,且方便调节椭圆形激光 [0021] Laser Safety mechanism comprises a clip observation, a first link, second link, and elliptical laser safety mirrors, mounted on the housing is provided with a groove ring, the ring clamp snapped in the recess in the radial direction the end of the first link is hinged to the inner end of the clamping clip and the other end hinged with a second link of the first link, the other end of the second link is connected by a universal joint observed with an elliptical laser safety mirror, comprising a universal joint end faces mounting plate, the movable sleeve and the fixed ball, the mounting plate fixed to the elliptical laser safety mirrors, a plurality of uprights provided around the upper edge of the other end face of the mounting plate, a plurality of pole within a region surrounded by a region attached activity ball, the outer wall of the threaded connection has a plurality of uprights fixed sleeve, the movable sleeve attached to the ball using a plurality of fixed pole surrounded, comprising a cylindrical sleeve fixed to one end of the cylindrical solid then a baffle, the baffle plate defines with active aperture, the second link activity through hole activity ball fixed, based on the above structure, the lens was observed with laser safety, and easy disassembly for cleaning disinfection, and easy to adjust the ellipticity shaped laser 全观察镜的伸缩长度和摆动角度以适用于前后牙列的口腔外部观察。 Full-length swing angle and telescopic sight glass before and after the oral dentition external observation applies to.

[0022]安装壳体包括两个横截面为半圆形的壳体对接而成,且安装壳体的两端分别设有缩口管段,且两个缩口管段上分别套装有扣合盖,且两个半圆形的壳体利用扣合盖对接固定,其中一个扣合盖上设有充电插口,另一个扣合盖上连接有L型弹性管,基于以上结构,设计合理,方便拆卸与安装。 [0022] The mounting housing comprises two semi-circular cross-section from the housing mating and mounting ends of the housing are provided necking tube section, and the two packages are shrink the mouth with a snap cap tube section, and two semicircular housing cover by engaging the fixed abutment, wherein the cover is provided with a snap charging jack, the other L-shaped cover engaging the elastic tube is connected, based on the above structure, reasonable design, easy disassembly and installation.

[0023]安装壳体内部设有固定卡爪,电源装置利用固定卡装安装于安装壳体的内部,安装壳体内部还安装有安装座,电路板、电源开关以及功率调节开关均安装于安装座上,功率调节开关为功率调节旋钮,且功率调节旋钮的一部分穿过半圆形壳体伸入至外侧,电源开关为按钮式开关,且按钮式开关上连接有一按压柱,按压柱的一端穿过半圆形壳体伸入至外侧,另一端与按钮式开关相抵触,基于以上结构,设计合理且安装方便,功率调节旋钮可以实现无极调节功率,从而方便的控制激光二极管的亮度,按钮式开关具有开启与关闭两种功能从而控制电路的通断,设有按压柱,方便在安装壳体的外部通过按压柱控制按钮式开关。 [0023] The inner housing is mounted a fixed jaw, a power supply device using a fixed card installed inside the housing is mounted on the mounting, is mounted inside the housing mount is also mounted, the circuit board, the power switch and the power switch are mounted on the mounting adjustment base, power regulation of the power switch control knob, and the knob portion of the power conditioner to the outside extends into the housing through the semi-circular, the power switch is a push-button switch, and is connected with a push-button switch is pressed on the post, one end of the column through the pressing extends into the housing to the outside through the semi-circular, the other end of the push-button switch conflict, based on the above structure, reasonable design and easy to install, implement power adjustment knob stepless adjustment of power, so as to facilitate control of the laser diode brightness, push button switches It has two functions on and off so that the control circuit on and off, with the pressing column, to facilitate mounting of the housing on the outside of the control button by pressing the switch column.

[0024] 激光二极管选择波长范围为620nm至750mn之间的红色可见光,其组织作用以在低功率情况下,仅仅表现为轻微热效应和生物刺激,无电离作用。 [0024] The laser diode select red visible light wavelength range between 620nm to 750mn, which act to tissue in the case of low power, exhibit only slight thermal effect and biostimulation, no ionization. 基于以上结构,使用620nm〜 750nm波长范围内的红色激光二极管从牙冠内侧、外侧、上端辐射,形成背光,光子在牙冠中散射、吸收、穿透,利用红光对富含黑色素细菌的病变组织的高吸收率以及对含有羟基磷灰石的健康牙体组织的低吸收率的巨大差异,检测红光透过牙冠或牙龈后的暗斑/暗纹,同时配合功率调节、位置角度调整、波长更换等措施,综合判断隐蔽病变及范围。 Based on the above structure, 620nm~ 750nm red laser diode in the wavelength range from the inner crown, the outer, upper radiation, forming a backlight, photon scattering in the crown, the absorption, penetration, using red melanin bacteria enriched lesions high absorption rate and great differences tissue low absorptivity healthy tooth tissue containing hydroxyapatite detects the red light transmitted through after the dental crown or dark spots / Takifugu, in conjunction with power adjustment, the position of angular adjustment wavelength replacement measures, comprehensive judgments hidden lesions and scope.

[0025]综上,本发明实现了牙冠及其牙周隐蔽病变的检查效果明显、简单易用、价格低廉且安全无机械创伤的技术效果,该发明设计结构简单,操作控制简便,易于大规模制造与安装,应用范围广,既可以牙医临床使用,也可以作为家庭口腔健康的检查装置。 [0025] In summary, the present invention achieves the effect of the crown and inspection of periodontal lesions significantly hidden, easy to use, inexpensive and safe without mechanical trauma technical effects, a simple design configuration of the invention, control is simple, easy mass scale manufacturing and installation of a wide range of applications, both clinical use dentists, oral health can also be used as a checking device.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0026]为了更清楚地说明本发明具体实施方式或现有技术中的技术方案,下面将对具体实施方式或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍。 [0026] In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the prior art or specific embodiments of the present invention, reference will be made specific embodiments or the prior art in the following description simply as required introduction. 在所有附图中,类似的元件或部分一般由类似的附图标记标识。 In the drawings, similar elements or parts are generally identified by like reference numerals. 附图中,各元件或部分并不一定按照实际的比例绘制。 In the drawings, elements or portions are not necessarily drawn to actual scale. [0027]图1为本发明的结构示意图; [0027] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention;

[0028]图中:1-安装壳体;2-扣合盖;3-充电插口;4-固定卡爪;5-电源装置;6-安装座;7-功率调节旋钮;8_电路板;9-按压柱;10-按钮式开关;11-卡箍;12-第一连杆;13-第二连杆; 14-万向接头;15_椭圆形激光安全观察镜;16-L型弹性管;17_激光二极管;18-缩口管段。 [0028] FIG: 1- mounted housing; 2- snap cover; 3- charging inlet; 4- fixed jaw; 5- power supply means; 6- mount; 7- power adjustment knob; 8_ circuit board; 9- pressing column; 10- pushbutton switch; 11- clamp; 12- first link; 13- second link; 14- universal joint; 15_ elliptical laser safety viewer; 16-L type elastic tube; 17_ laser diode; necking tube section 18.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0029]下面将结合附图对本发明技术方案的实施例进行详细的描述。 [0029] The following embodiments in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of embodiments of the present invention, the technical solution will be described in detail. 以下实施例仅用于更加清楚地说明本发明的技术方案,因此只作为示例,而不能以此来限制本发明的保护范围。 The following examples serve only to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the present invention, therefore only by way of example, and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.

[0030]如图1所示,一种用于牙冠背光散射检查的器械,包括安装壳体1、电源装置5以及激光二极管17;安装壳体1内部安装有电源装置5,安装壳体1上安装有电源开关以及功率调节开关,安装壳体1内部还设有电路板8,安装壳体1的一端连接有L型弹性管16,L型弹性管16的另一端的内部安装有激光二极管17,且激光二极管17的激光输出端口与L型弹性管16 的端部相平齐,其中连接激光二极管17的控制线可从L型弹性管ie内部布置到安装壳体i 内,且安装壳体1上还安装有激光安全观察机构。 [0030] As illustrated a dental crown for a backlight scattering inspection apparatus 1, the installation comprises a housing 1, power supply apparatus 5 and the laser diode 17; 1 is mounted inside the power supply unit 5 is attached to the housing, the housing 1 is mounted mounted power switch and a power adjustment switch, mounted inside the casing 1 is also provided with a circuit board 8, mounted at one end of the housing 1 is connected to L-shaped elastic tube 16, the other end of the L-shaped inside elastic tube 16 is attached to the laser diode 17, the laser diode and the laser output end portion 17 of the L-shaped port and the elastic tube 16 are flush, wherein the control line 17 connected to the laser diode may be arranged from the inside of the L-shaped elastic tube installed into the housing ie i, and the mounting case body 1 is also attached to laser safety observation means.

[0031]在本实施例中,各个电器元件的电路连接方法为市面上所常见的惯用连接手法, 所以在此不做赘述,其中该器械利用L型弹性管16可以方便的伸入口腔内,其中L型弹性管为市面上所常见的,具有一定塑性的常见管体,该装置放置在牙冠内侧、外侧、上端等不同部位,激光二极管17的激光辐射进入牙齿,光子在牙齿中散射、吸收、穿透,医生从对侧、横斜侧透过椭圆形激光安全观察镜直接或口镜反射观察:同时调节功率或同时移动光源的位置或角度来等捕捉暗斑、暗纹影像,利用激光二极管17不同的激光辐射在牙体组织的穿透性和不同组织成分的不同吸收率,采用背光辐射方式,检查牙冠或牙周组织,在无创伤、无电离、低成本、易操作情况下,观察牙齿和牙周组织的隐蔽病变,是现有牙周、牙体检查的有效补充。 [0031] In the present embodiment, the electrical connection of the circuit elements of each market is common for conventional connection technique, so detailed description is omitted, wherein the instrument using the L-shaped elastic tube 16 can be easily extend into the oral cavity, wherein the L-shaped elastic tube is common on the market, with a certain common plastic tube, the device is placed in different parts of the crown inner, outer, upper, etc., the laser diode 17 of laser radiation into the tooth, photon scattering in the tooth, absorption, penetration, doctors from the opposite side, crosswise side port sight glass mirror was observed directly or through elliptical laser safety: while adjusting the power or the position or angle while moving the light source to capture dark spots and the like, Takifugu image, using laser diode 17 in laser radiation penetrating a different tooth structure and different absorption rates of the different tissue components, backlit by radiation, inspection or crown periodontal tissue, in the non-invasive, non-ionizing, low cost, easy operation of under observation covert teeth and periodontal tissue lesions, it is effective to supplement existing periodontal, dental examination.

[0032] 在本实施例中,激光安全观察机构包括卡箍11、第一连杆12、第二连杆13以及椭圆形激光安全观察镜15,安装壳体1上沿径向方向设有一凹槽环,卡箍11卡装于凹槽环内,第一连杆12的一端铰接于卡箍11的夹紧端内,第一连杆12的另一端铰接有第二连杆13,第二连杆13的另一端通过万向接头14连接有椭圆形激光安全观察镜15,万向接头14包括安装盘、活动球以及固定套,安装盘的一端面固接于椭圆形激光安全观察镜15上,安装盘的另一端面的边沿上围设有若干立杆,若干立杆围成的区域内安装有活动球,若干立杆的外壁上螺纹连接有一固定套,活动球利用固定套安装于若干立杆围成的区域内,固定套包括一圆筒,圆筒的一端固接有挡板,挡板上开设有活动孔,第二连杆13穿过活动孔与活动球固接, 设有椭圆形激光安全观察镜15,可降低眼部疲劳,以及方便拆卸 [0032] In the present embodiment, the observation means comprises a laser safety clip 11, the first link 12, second link 13 and the elliptical mirror 15 observation laser safety, the housing is provided with a mounting recess on a radial direction ring groove, clamp the card 11 mounted in the ring groove, one end of the first link 12 hinged to the inner end of the clamp 11 of the clamp, the other end of the first link 12 is hinged with a second link 13, the second the other end of the connecting rod 13 via a universal joint 14 is connected with an elliptical mirror 15 of laser safety observation, the universal joint 14 comprises a mounting plate end face, and a fixing activity ball sleeve, is fastened to the mounting plate elliptical mirror 15 of laser safety observation the upper, a plurality of uprights provided around the upper edge of the other end face of the mounting plate, a plurality of pole region surrounded attached activity ball, the outer wall of the threaded connection has a plurality of uprights fixed sleeve, the movable sleeve mounted on the ball with a fixed a plurality of inner pole surrounded area, comprising a fixed cylindrical sleeve, a fixed end of the cylindrical baffle, the baffle plate defines a moving orifice, the second link 13 through the movable ball moving orifice fixed, provided oval laser mirror 15 to observe the safety, reduces eye fatigue, and easy removal 便于清理消毒,且方便调节椭圆形激光安全观察镜15的伸缩长度和摆动角度以适用于前后牙齿,其中椭圆形激光安全观察镜15可以把620nm〜750nm波长的激光光强度衰减约为0.1 %〜〇. 01 %的过滤镜片。 Easy cleaning disinfection, and easy to adjust laser safety elliptical length of the telescopic sight glass 15 and the swing angle of the tooth is to apply to the front and rear, wherein the laser safety elliptical mirror 15 can be observed wavelength of the laser light intensity is attenuated 620nm~750nm about 0.1% billion. 01% of the filter lens. [0033]在本实施例中,安装壳体1包括两个横截面为半圆形的壳体对接而成,且安装壳体1的两端分别设有缩口管段18,且两个缩口管段18上分别套装有扣合盖2,且两个半圆形的壳体利用扣合盖2对接固定,其中一个扣合盖2上设有充电插口3,另一个扣合盖2上连接有L 型弹性管16,设计合理,方便拆卸与安装。 [0033] In the present embodiment, the mounting housing 1 comprises two semi-circular cross-section from the housing mating and mounting ends of the shell 1 are provided necking tube section 18, and the two necking upper pipe section 18 were set with a snap lid 2, and by two semicircular engaging housing abutment fixed cover 2, wherein a snap cap 2 is provided with a charging socket 3 and the other engaging the cover 2 is connected L-shaped elastic tube 16, designed to facilitate removal and installation.

[0034]在本实施例中,安装壳体1内部设有固定卡爪4,电源装置5利用固定卡爪4装安装于安装壳体1的内部,安装壳体1内部还安装有安装座6,电路板8、电源开关以及功率调节开关均安装于安装座6上,功率调节开关为功率调节旋钮7,且功率调节旋钮7的一部分穿过半圆形壳体伸入至外侧,电源开关为按钮式开关10,且按钮式开关10上连接有一按压柱9,按压柱9的一端穿过半圆形壳体伸入至外侧,另一端与按钮式开关1〇相抵触,设计合理且安装方便,功率调节旋钮7可以实现无极调节功率,从而方便的控制激光二极管17的亮度,按钮式开关10具有开启与关闭两种功能从而控制电路的通断,设有按压柱9,方便在安装壳体1 的外部通过按压柱9控制按钮式开关10。 [0034] In the present embodiment, the inner housing 1 is provided with a fixed mounting jaw 4, the power supply device 5 with a fixed jaw 4 is mounted on the mounting of the interior of the housing 1, mounted inside the housing 1 is attached to the mounting seat further 6 , the circuit board 8, and the power supply switching regulator switches are mounted on the mounting seat 6, the power adjustment switch knob 7 to adjust the power, and the power adjusting knob portion 7 projects into the housing through the semicircular to the outside, the power switch is a button switch 10, and the push button switch 10 is connected with a pressing column 9, one end of the column 9 through the pressing semicircular outer housing to extend into the other end of the push-button switch 1〇 conflict, rational design and easy installation, power 7 can achieve stepless adjustment knob adjusts the power so as to facilitate control of the laser diode 17, the brightness, the push button switch 10 has an on-off and off to control two functions of the circuit, with the pressing column 9, to facilitate the mounting of the housing 1 an external control push button switch 10 is pressed by column 9.

[0035]在本实施例中,激光二极管I7为波段是620mn至750nm的红色激光二极管17,使用620nm〜75〇mn波长范围内的红色激光二极管17从牙齿对侧辐射牙冠,形成背光,光子在牙冠中散射、吸收、穿透,利用红光对富含黑色素细菌的病变组织的高吸收率以及对含有羟基磷灰石的健康牙体组织的低吸收率的巨大差异,检测红光透过牙冠或牙龈后的暗斑/暗纹, 同时配合功率调节、位置角度调整、波长更换等措施,综合判断隐蔽病变及范围;红光(波长620nm〜760nm)在牙体组织和牙周软组织具有较强穿透性,其激光二极管17光束对于口腔组织的成分具有选择性作用,羟基磷灰石和黑色素的吸收系数相差约近10000倍,导致主要成分为轻基憐灰石的牙釉质或牙本质和细胞壁富含黑色素的细菌(病变组织多数有细菌感; 染聚集)的红光吸收率相差约200倍〜300倍;两者的光子吸收差异 [0035] In the present embodiment, the laser diode is I7 band is 620mn to 750nm red laser diode 17, a red laser diode 17 within a radiation wavelength range 620nm~75〇mn crown opposite side from the teeth, forming a backlight, photonic in crown scattering, absorption, penetration, high absorption using red pigmented bacteria enriched diseased tissue and the great difference of the low absorption rate of healthy tooth tissue containing hydroxyapatite is detected through the red light or dark spot over the crown gum / Takifugu, in conjunction with power adjustment, adjustment of the position of the angle, the wavelength replacement measures subtle lesions and overall judgment range; red light (wavelength 620nm~760nm) and periodontal tissue in the soft tooth tissue with strong penetration, which is a laser diode 17 having a selective effect on the beam component of the oral tissue, the absorption coefficient of melanin hydroxyapatite and differ by about nearly 10,000 times, resulting in a light mainly composed of limestone-based enamel or pity dentin and bacterial cell wall rich in melanin (lesions most bacteria sense; dye aggregation) red light absorption rate difference of about 200 times ~ 300 times; the two-photon absorption differences 导致隐蔽的病变组织相对健康牙体组织之间产生暗斑/暗纹。 Resulting in dark spots / Shadoweave concealed between diseased tissue relative health of the tooth structure. 暗斑/暗纹形态、大小、强弱,可以推导出病变组织的范围、离牙面距离等信息。 Dark spots / dark grain shape, size, strength, range can be deduced diseased tissue from the tooth surface distance information. 同时,不含黑色素细菌的病变组织,其结构不同于均勾的牙体硬组织,也容易被本装置检测发现。 Meanwhile, non-melanoma lesions bacteria, which structure is different from tooth tissues are hook, can easily be found in the present detection apparatus.

[°036]在本实施例中,安装有激光二极管的一端还可以替换或同时安装波长为62〇nm〜 760mn的红色发光二级光LED灯珠,红色led具有较大光斑,可以同时辐射较多牙齿,提高检查工作效率。 [° 036] In the present embodiment, is attached to one end of the laser diode can also replace or install a wavelength of 760mn 62〇nm~ red light emitting diode LED lamps, red led with a larger spot, while radiation can be more and more teeth, improve the efficiency of inspection work. 本发明在制造激光装置时,可根据临床实践的效果和成本控制,选择最优的红光半导体激光波段、或选择多波长、或半导体激光和发光二级光做组合。 The present invention, when manufacturing a laser device, according to the results of clinical practice and cost control, to select the optimal band red semiconductor laser, or to select multi-wavelength, or a semiconductor laser and a light emitting diode in combination do. 临床检查时,先给激光装置头部戴上一次性薄膜套,然后伸入口腔,前牙紧贴牙齿边缘、舌侧凹窝、唇侧牙面等部位,后牙紧贴各咬合尖斜坡,观察成人多见的邻间龋或牙周袋内牙结石;使用时,功率从小到大调节,如遇疑似病变,可以变化位置和功率,通过光亮强度和散射角度,来帮助判断。 Clinical examination, give laser device head wear disposable film sleeve, and extends into the oral cavity, close to the anterior edge of the teeth, a recess portion lingual, labial tooth surface, etc., each posterior bite tip against the ramp, observation interproximal caries or periodontal pocket of dental calculus more common in adults; use, from small to large power adjustment, in case of a suspected lesion, and location can vary the power through the light intensity and scattering angle, to help determine. 如遇厚牙龈,牙周袋内的暗纹不显著,也可采用气枪吹开牙周袋,从牙周袋上方观察暗纹。 In case of a thickness of the gums, periodontal pocket Takifugu not significant, blowing air gun may also be employed periodontal pocket, the periodontal pocket was observed from above the Takifugu.

[0037]需要特别指出的是,本装置除了采用肉眼直接观察外,也建议采用内窥镜、微距照相机、手机等拍摄记录,后续在显示屏/电脑/手机上进行更科学严谨的分析,包括但不限于:放大观察;图片转为黑白后进行的强度、对比度等调节观察,未来也可介入人工智能的图形分析来帮助诊断。 [0037] Of particular note is that, in addition to direct observation of the present apparatus using the naked eye, but also suggested endoscope, a macro camera, mobile phones and other continuous recording, a subsequent more rigorous scientific analysis on the display screen / computer / phone, including but not limited to: magnifying observation; intensity of the image into black and white, contrast adjustment observed, future pattern analysis of artificial intelligence may intervene to help diagnose.

[0038] 最后应说明的是:以上各实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案,而非对其限制;尽管参照前述各实施例对本发明进行了详细的说明,本领域的普通技术人员应当理解:其依然可以对前述各实施例所记载的技术方案进行修改,或者对其中部分或者全部技术特征进行等同替换;而这些修改或者替换,并不使相应技术方案的本质脱离本发明各实施例技术方案的范围,其均应涵盖在本发明的权利要求和说明书的范围当中。 [0038] Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments only describe the technical solutions in embodiments of the present invention, rather than limiting;. Although the embodiments of the present invention has been described in detail, those of ordinary skill in the art should appreciated: it still may be made to the technical solutions described embodiments modifications, or to some or all of the technical features equivalents; as such modifications or replacements do not cause the essence of corresponding technical solutions to depart from embodiments of the present invention range of technical solutions, among which should be covered in the scope of the claims and the description of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. 1. 一种用于牙冠背光散射检查的器械,其特征在于:包括安装壳体、电源装置以及激光二极管; 所述安装壳体内部安装有电源装置,所述安装壳体上安装有电源开关以及功率调节开关,所述安装壳体内部还设有电路板,所述安装壳体的一端连接有L型弹性管,所述L型弹性管的另一端的内部安装有所述激光二极管,且所述激光二极管的激光输出端口与所述L型弹性管的端部相平齐,所述安装壳体上还安装有激光安全观察机构。 A dental crown back scattering instrument for inspection, characterized by: a mounting housing, and the laser diode power supply apparatus; power supply means is mounted inside the mounting housing, the mounting power switch mounted on the housing and a power adjustment switch, the inner housing also has a mounting circuit board, the mounting end of the housing is connected to an L-shaped elastic tube, inside the other end of said L-shaped elastic tube is attached to said laser diode, and flush with the end portion of the laser output port and said L-shaped elastic tube laser diode, it said mounting housing is also mounted on laser safety observation means.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种用于牙冠背光散射检查的器械,其特征在于:所述激光安全观察机构包括卡箍、第一连杆、第二连杆以及椭圆形激光安全观察镜,所述安装壳体上沿径向方向设有一凹槽环,所述卡箍卡装于所述凹槽环内,所述第一连杆的一端铰接于所述卡箍的夹紧端内,所述第一连杆的另一端铰接有所述第二连杆,所述第二连杆的另一端通过万向接头连接有所述椭圆形激光安全观察镜。 2. A device for checking one kind of scattered backlight dental crown according to claim 1, wherein: said observation means comprises laser safety clip, a first link, second link, and elliptical laser safety observation mirror, the mounting ring is provided with a recess in the radial direction on the housing, the card clamp ring mounted within said groove, one end of the link hinged to the first end of the gripping clamp inside, the other end of the first link and the second link is hinged, the other end of the second link is connected by a universal joint of the elliptical laser safety viewer.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求2所述的一种用于牙冠背光散射检查的器械,其特征在于:所述万向接头包括安装盘、活动球以及固定套,所述安装盘的一端面固接于所述椭圆形激光安全观察镜上,所述安装盘的另一端面的边沿上围设有若干立杆,若干所述立杆围成的区域内安装有所述活动球,若干所述立杆的外壁上螺纹连接有一固定套,所述活动球利用所述固定套安装于若干所述立杆围成的区域内,所述固定套包括一圆筒,所述圆筒的一端固接有挡板, 所述挡板上开设有活动孔,所述第二连杆穿过所述活动孔与所述活动球固接。 According to claim 2, wherein one of said crowns for back scatter inspection instrument, wherein: said universal joint comprises a mounting plate, the movable sleeve and the fixed ball, the end surface of a mounting plate fixed to the safety mirrors, around the upper edge of the other end face of said mounting plate has a plurality of elliptical laser uprights, said plurality of uprights mounted on a region surrounded said movable ball, said plurality of uprights the outer wall of the fixing sleeve has a threaded connection, the active region with the ball mounted on the fixed sleeve enclosed plurality of uprights, the sleeve comprises a fixed cylinder fixed to one end of the cylinder with a stopper plate, the upper baffle plate defines with active aperture, said second link passing through the active aperture with said movable ball fixed.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求1所述的一种用于牙冠背光散射检查的器械,其特征在于:所述安装壳体包括两个横截面为半圆形的壳体对接而成,且所述安装壳体的两端分别设有缩口管段, 且两个所述缩口管段上分别套装有扣合盖,且两个所述半圆形的壳体利用所述扣合盖对接固定。 4. The inspection device for one kind of scattered backlight dental crown according to claim 1, wherein: said mounting housing comprises two semi-circular cross section formed mating housing, and the mounting ends of the housing are provided necking tube section, and the two condensing sections are set on the aperture tube have snap cover and said two semicircular housing cover abutting engagement with said fixed.
  5. 5. 根据权利要求4所述的一种用于牙冠背光散射检查的器械,其特征在于:其中一个所述扣合盖上设有充电插口,另一个所述扣合盖上连接有所述L型弹性管。 5. According to one claim 4, wherein a backlight for a crown scattering inspection instrument, wherein: said engagement wherein a cover is provided with a charging socket, the other of said snap cover with said connector L-shaped elastic tube.
  6. 6. 根据权利要求1所述的一种用于牙冠背光散射检查的器械,其特征在于:所述安装壳体内部设有固定卡爪,所述电源装置利用所述固定卡装安装于所述安装壳体的内部。 According to one of the claim 1 for inspection crown back scattering instrument, wherein: said inner housing is provided with a fixed mounting jaw, said means using said power supply is mounted to the stationary chucking mounted inside said housing.
  7. 7. 根据权利要求1所述的一种用于牙冠背光散射检查的器械,其特征在于:所述安装壳体内部还安装有安装座,所述电路板、电源开关以及功率调节开关均安装于所述安装座上。 According to one of the claim 1 for inspection crown back scattering instrument, wherein: said inner housing is mounted with a mounting seat further mounted, said circuit board, and the power supply switching regulator switches are mounted to the mounting base.
  8. 8. 根据权利要求1所述的一种用于牙冠背光散射检查的器械,其特征在于:所述功率调节开关为功率调节旋钮,且所述功率调节旋钮的一部分穿过所述半圆形壳体伸入至外侧。 According to one of the claim 1 for inspection crown back scattering instrument, wherein: said power switch is a power adjustment knob, and the knob portion of the power conditioner through the semicircular It extends into the housing to the outside.
  9. 9. 根据权利要求1所述的一种用于牙冠背光散射检查的器械,其特征在于:所述电源开关为按钮式开关,且所述按钮式开关上连接有一按压柱,所述按压柱的一端穿过所述半圆形壳体伸入至外侧,另一端与所述按钮式开关相抵触。 According to claim 1, wherein one of said crowns for checking back scattering instrument, wherein: the power switch is a push-button switch, and the column is connected with a button switch is pressed, the pressing column through the semicircular end extends into the housing to the outside, the other end of the push button switch conflict.
  10. 10. 根据权利要求1所述的一种用于牙冠背光散射检查的器械,其特征在于:所述激光二极管为波长在620nm至750nm之间的红色激光二极管。 10. A method according to claim 1 for the crown back scatter inspection instrument, wherein: the wavelength of the red laser diode is a laser diode of between 620nm to 750nm.
CN 201710383925 2017-05-26 2017-05-26 Instrument for dental crown backlight scattering examination CN107007243A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4515476A (en) * 1981-04-01 1985-05-07 Bjelkhagen Hans Ingmar Device for the ocular determination of any discrepancy in the luminescence capacity of the surface of a tooth for the purpose of identifying any caried area on the surface to the tooth
CN101528116A (en) * 2006-09-12 2009-09-09 卡尔斯特里姆保健公司 Apparatus for caries detection
CN203693546U (en) * 2014-02-25 2014-07-09 于泉 Oral examination and treatment device
CN104822309A (en) * 2012-10-01 2015-08-05 检查员研究系统公司 Fluorescence filter spectrum compensation
CN105636479A (en) * 2013-10-16 2016-06-01 皇家飞利浦有限公司 Device for dental plaque detection

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4515476A (en) * 1981-04-01 1985-05-07 Bjelkhagen Hans Ingmar Device for the ocular determination of any discrepancy in the luminescence capacity of the surface of a tooth for the purpose of identifying any caried area on the surface to the tooth
CN101528116A (en) * 2006-09-12 2009-09-09 卡尔斯特里姆保健公司 Apparatus for caries detection
CN104822309A (en) * 2012-10-01 2015-08-05 检查员研究系统公司 Fluorescence filter spectrum compensation
CN105636479A (en) * 2013-10-16 2016-06-01 皇家飞利浦有限公司 Device for dental plaque detection
CN203693546U (en) * 2014-02-25 2014-07-09 于泉 Oral examination and treatment device

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