CN106955774A - A kind of use gas shock mode carries out the micronizer of sub-material - Google Patents

A kind of use gas shock mode carries out the micronizer of sub-material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106955774A
CN106955774A CN201710326054.0A CN201710326054A CN106955774A CN 106955774 A CN106955774 A CN 106955774A CN 201710326054 A CN201710326054 A CN 201710326054A CN 106955774 A CN106955774 A CN 106955774A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
pipe
fines
pulverizing chamber
crushing
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201710326054.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李炳沃
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Chengdu Fuyang Technology Development Co Ltd
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Chengdu Fuyang Technology Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710326054.0A priority Critical patent/CN106955774A/en
Publication of CN106955774A publication Critical patent/CN106955774A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/06Jet mills
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/02Feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers

Abstract

The invention discloses the micronizer that a kind of use gas shock mode carries out sub-material, including frame, it is arranged on the reducing mechanism in frame, feed arrangement positioned at reducing mechanism side, grading plant above reducing mechanism and the cooling device positioned at reducing mechanism opposite side, reducing mechanism includes being arranged on the pulverizing chamber in frame and the inlet plenum below pulverizing chamber, feed arrangement includes feeding rack, feeding rack is provided with the first loading hopper, crushing device, second loading hopper and blowing device, grading plant includes classification case, it is classified in case and is provided with classifying turbine, part flow arrangement is provided with below classifying turbine, fines outlet pipe is provided with above classifying turbine, fines outlet pipe is connected with material collecting device.The present invention can solve the problem that material agglomeration so as to improve crush efficiency, and environment temperature during reduction work is so as to ensure product quality.

Description

A kind of use gas shock mode carries out the micronizer of sub-material
Technical field
The present invention relates to crushing material apparatus field, specially a kind of use gas shock mode carries out the Ultramicro-powder of sub-material Broken machine.
Background technology
Powder technology is counted as supporting one of most important basic technology of new and high technology industry, after particle refinement, compares table Area is big, be evenly distributed, and shows the premium properties of many, filler, dyestuff, pigment, medicine, catalyst, Magnetic Memory element, Extensive use in terms of senior abrasive material, kollag, fine ceramics, cosmetics.The method for obtaining superfine powder is mainly machine Tool method and chemical method, chemical method are only used because of complex process, high cost in a small number of special dimensions;And mechanical crushing method because its into This is low, and yield is high, and technique is simple, and is widely adopted the advantages of can improve material performance.Prepare the mechanical powder of superfine powder Broken equipment mainly has high speed machine impact mill, airslide disintegrating mill, Ball-stirring mill and vibromill etc..And wherein airslide disintegrating mill with The advantages of its product purity height, good dispersion, fine size and narrowly distributing, is especially welcome in crushing industry.
For example, the Chinese invention patent of Application No. 201010621554.5 discloses a kind of airslide disintegrating mill, it is adding Enter in the crushing chamber of the dusty material to be crushed with gases such as supersonic speed dispersion airs, manufactured with dry classification ultra-fine Powder, says in more detail, is related to a kind of airslide disintegrating mill, and it possesses the centrifugal classifier in crushing chamber room, the grader The powder that only choosing is separated less than certain particle size is discharged to outside.In the airslide disintegrating mill of the invention, as prevent comprising not by The air of the big powder more than certain particle size of classification is directly from crushing in chamber assigned in halted state downstream pulverizer The fine powder that gap between the centrifugal rotor of the grader of face and airslide disintegrating mill internal rotating passes through and is mixed into after classification Technical scheme, on more than the radius for the periphery of blade being classified, is matched somebody with somebody on grader centrifugal rotor with concentric circles Standby multiple blades for being used to stop gap.And for example the Chinese invention patent of Application No. 201610127529.9 discloses a kind of right Push-style air-flow crushing mechanism and pulverizer, including the revolving part that can be pivoted, it is characterised in that:Provided with least on revolving part 4 mill areas circumferentially, to grind and be formed with latus rectum between the outward flange in area and the inwall of revolving part, be equipped with each mill area Negative pressure blade, malleation blade and material guide part.Present invention also offers a kind of Counter-impact flow pulverizer, including motor, its It is characterised by:Above-mentioned disintegrating mechanism is coaxially installed with the output shaft of motor, disintegrating mechanism is located in housing, on housing Charging aperture and discharging opening are had, charging aperture is communicated via feeding-passage with the material inlet of the disintegrating mechanism, discharging opening Communicated via tapping channel with the material outlet of the disintegrating mechanism.The invention has the following advantages that:Energy consumption is low;Meeting environmental protection will Ask;It is adapted to big industrial production;The fine powder of various requirement can be produced until ultrafine powder;It is not required to stepper and air-introduced machine.
In above technical scheme, have the following disadvantages:First, because material particular diameter is relatively thin, specific surface area is larger, thing Agglomeration easily occurs between material, when material enters in pulverizer, often along with big and small material group, these material groups Major part can scatter when head-on collision is broken, and remainder can be knocked closely knit in knockout process, and then form hard material Group, then falls into slag-drip opening discharge, and then make the crush efficiency of pulverizer relatively low due to that can not crush;2nd, pulverizer is carried out When micropowderization is crushed, because impact constantly occurs for material so as to produce substantial amounts of heat, sometimes result in by Crushing of Ultrafine product Deterioration, in addition, when pulverized thing is the more object of the lipid amounts such as soybean, will become to seem to be rubbed up with oil State and can not be crushed;3rd, material moves to surrounding due to anisotropically being distributed when being classified, causes thing The classification efficiency of material is relatively low, so as to have impact on production efficiency.
Accordingly, it is desirable to provide a kind of new technical scheme solves above-mentioned technical problem.
The content of the invention
It can solve the problem that material agglomeration to improve crush efficiency it is an object of the invention to provide one kind;Reduce work When environment temperature so as to ensureing product quality;Classification efficiency is improved so as to which the impact type for the utilization air-flow for improving production efficiency surpasses Atomizer, the problem of to solve to propose in above-mentioned background technology.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:A kind of use gas shock mode carries out sub-material Micronizer, including frame, the reducing mechanism being arranged in frame, the feed arrangement positioned at reducing mechanism side, positioned at powder Grading plant above crushing device and the cooling device positioned at reducing mechanism opposite side;
The reducing mechanism includes being arranged on the pulverizing chamber in frame and the inlet plenum below pulverizing chamber, the crushing Room is with the tubular structure of a upper and lower opening, if the pulverizing chamber is provided with charging aperture, cold air mouth, discharge gate and dry grinding spray Mouth, the charging aperture and cold air mouthful are arranged on the side wall of pulverizing chamber, and the discharge gate is located at the top of pulverizing chamber, and the row Material mouth is in upside down funnel shape, and the crushing nozzle is connected with crushing air compressor, and the crushing air compressor is fixed on powder On the outer wall of broken room, the upper end of the inlet plenum is connected with pulverizing chamber, is provided with nozzle of air supply in the inlet plenum, it is described enter gas blowout The spout of mouth is set upward, and the nozzle of air supply is connected with inlet air compressor, and the inlet air compressor is fixed On the outer wall of inlet plenum;
The feed arrangement includes feeding rack, and the feeding rack is fixed on the ground, and the feeding rack enters provided with first Funnel, crushing device, the second loading hopper and blowing device, first loading hopper are located at the top of crushing device, institute State the lower section that the second loading hopper is located at crushing device, be connected with feed pipe below second loading hopper, it is described enter Pipe material connects charging aperture;
The grading plant includes classification case, and the lower end of the classification case is connected with the top of pulverizing chamber, the classification case Interior to be provided with classification motor, the classification motor is connected with rotary shaft by shaft coupling, and the rotary shaft lower end is connected with classification leaf Wheel, the classifying turbine lower section is provided with part flow arrangement, and the bottom of the classification case is described oblique provided with oblique funnel and classification feed pipe Funnel is connected with discharge pipe, and the discharge pipe connects feed pipe, and the classification feed pipe lower end connects discharge gate, described Fines outlet pipe is provided with above classifying turbine, the fines outlet pipe is connected with material collecting device;
The cooling device includes cooling frame, and the cooling frame is fixed in frame, and the cooling frame is empty provided with cooling Air compressor, refrigerating plant, temperature display meter and temp probe, are connected between the cooling air compressor and refrigerating plant Air duct, the temperature display meter is connected with temp probe, and the temp probe is fixed on the side wall of pulverizing chamber.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme of the present invention, the crushing nozzle is divided into two groups, and every group of crushing nozzle is provided with more Individual spout, two groups of crushing nozzles are oppositely arranged on the side wall of pulverizing chamber.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme of the present invention, the bottom of the inlet plenum is provided with slag-drip opening, and the slag-drip opening is In funnel-form, the slag-drip opening is provided with residual cake valve, and the slag-drip opening has slag trapping box.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme of the present invention, the crushing device includes main cracker, secondary cracker and driving Device, the main cracker and secondary cracker are fixed on feeding rack, and the main cracker is identical with secondary cracker size, described Main cracker and secondary cracker be arranged in parallel in the same horizontal line, and first loading hopper is located at main cracker and pair is pulverized The surface in space between roller, second loading hopper is located at the lower section in space between main cracker and secondary cracker.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme of the present invention, the drive device includes master gear, pinion and motor, The master gear is fixed on main cracker, and the pinion is fixed on secondary cracker, and the master gear and pinion are mutual Engagement, the motor drives main cracker to rotate by shaft coupling.
It is used as a kind of preferred technical scheme of the present invention:The blowing device includes blowing material blower fan, and the material blower fan that blows is consolidated It is scheduled on the outer wall of feed pipe, the material blower fan that blows is connected with and blows expects pipe, and the expects pipe of blowing is stretched into feed pipe, described to blow Expects pipe stretches into one end of feed pipe provided with blowing material head.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme of the present invention, the blowing device is provided with the rotating dress that material head rotation is blown in control Put, the whirligig includes electric rotating machine, the electric rotating machine is fixed on the outer wall of feed pipe, the electric rotating machine connects Rotating shaft is connected to, the rotating shaft is connected with rotating disk, and the rotating disk is provided with through hole, the through hole eccentric setting, the diameter of the through hole Identical with the external diameter for blowing expects pipe, the expects pipe of blowing is through through hole.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme of the present invention, the material collecting device includes cyclone separator and collecting box, described Cyclone separator is connected with thin provided with fines import, coarse fodder outlet and fines outlet between the fines import and fines outlet pipe Fines nozzle is provided with expects pipe, the fines pipe, the fines nozzle is connected with fines pipe air compressor, and the fines pipe is empty Air compressor is fixed on the outer wall of classification case, and the coarse fodder outlet is connected with coarse fodder pipeline, the coarse fodder pipeline communication discharging Pipeline, the fines outlet connection sack cleaner, the sack cleaner is placed in collecting box.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme of the present invention, the part flow arrangement includes spreader, and the spreader is in integrally One inverted conical shape, and classification feed pipe of the cone just to lower section of the spreader, if the conical surface of the spreader provided with Dry splitter box.
As a kind of preferred technical scheme of the present invention, the refrigerating plant includes minor air cell, and the minor air cell upper end is set Have air intlet, the air intlet is connected with air duct, the minor air cell be respectively arranged on the left side and the right side heat outlet and Cold air outlet, the heat outlet is connected with pulverizing chamber refrigerator pipe and pulverizes refrigerator pipe provided with control valve, the cold air outlet, institute State pulverizing chamber refrigerator pipe and connect cold air mouthful, the refrigerator pipe that pulverizes is described to pulverize cold air mouth just to main stone roller provided with cold air mouthful is pulverized Space between broken roller and secondary cracker.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Because material particular diameter is relatively thin, specific surface area is larger, Agglomeration easily occurs between material, when material enters in pulverizer, often along with big and small material group, these materials Group is most of to be scattered when head-on collision is broken, and remainder can be knocked closely knit in knockout process, and then form hard thing Dough, then falls into slag-drip opening discharge due to that can not crush, and then makes the crush efficiency of pulverizer relatively low, and the application is by setting Put crushing device so that material is first pulverized before pulverizing chamber crushing is entered, and by setting blowing device so that material Dispelled entering before pulverizing chamber is crushed, two devices of summary can effectively eliminate the agglomeration of material, lift thing The crushing effect of material, improves the quality of product:Pulverizer carry out micropowderization crush when, due to material constantly occur impact so as to Substantial amounts of heat is produced, is sometimes resulted in by the deterioration of Crushing of Ultrafine product, in addition, when pulverized thing is that the lipids such as soybean contain During the more object of the amount of having, it will become to seem that can not be crushed with the state that oil was rubbed up, by setting cooling device, make Material is obtained when being crushed and pulverizing, the temperature of material local environment can be adjusted so that the heat that material is produced is eliminated, protected Exhibit material will not produce deterioration due to high temperature, so as to ensure the quality of product;By setting part flow arrangement so that material When being classified, it is distributed evenly to surrounding and moves, the classification efficiency of material is improved, so as to improve production efficiency.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention;
Fig. 2 is reducing mechanism of the present invention and cooling device schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is feed arrangement schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is crushing device top view of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is blowing device schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is grading plant schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is material collecting device schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is refrigerating plant schematic diagram of the present invention.
In figure:1- frames;2- reducing mechanisms;3- feed arrangements;4- grading plants;5- cooling devices;6- pulverizing chambers;7- enters Air chamber;8- charging apertures;9- cold air mouthful;10- discharge gates;11- crushes nozzle;12- crushes air compressor;13- nozzles of air supply; 14- inlet air compressors;15- feeding racks;The loading hoppers of 16- first;17- crushing devices;The loading hoppers of 18- second;19- enters Pipe material;20- is classified case;21- is classified motor;22- shaft couplings;23- rotary shafts;24- classifying turbines;25- part flow arrangements;26- Oblique funnel;27- is classified feed pipe;28- discharge pipes;29- fines outlet pipes;30- material collecting devices;31- cooling frames;32- coolings are empty Air compressor;33- refrigerating plants;34- temperature display meters;35- temp probes;36- air ducts;37- residual cake valves;38- collection slags Case;The main crackers of 39-;40- pair crackers;41- drive devices;42- master gears;43- pinions;44- motors;45- blows Expect blower fan;46- blows expects pipe;47- blows material head;48- whirligigs;49- electric rotating machines;50- rotating shafts;51- rotating disks;52- through holes; 53- cyclone separators;54- collecting boxs;55- fines imports;56- coarse fodders are exported;57- fineves are exported;58- fines pipes;59- fineves Nozzle;60- fines pipe air compressors;61- coarse fodder pipelines;62- sack cleaners;63- spreaders;64- splitter boxs;65- whirlpools Flow chamber;66- air intlets;67- heat outlets;68- cold air outlets;69- controls valve;70- pulverizing chamber refrigerator pipes;71- pulverizes cold Tracheae;72- pulverizes cold air mouthful;73- blowing devices;74- slag-drip openings.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment:
As shown in Figures 1 to 8, a kind of use gas shock mode that the present invention is provided carries out the micronizer of sub-material, Including frame 1, the reducing mechanism being arranged in frame 12, the feed arrangement 3 positioned at the side of reducing mechanism 2, positioned at reducing mechanism 2 The grading plant 4 of top and the cooling device 5 positioned at the opposite side of reducing mechanism 2.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the reducing mechanism 2 includes the pulverizing chamber 6 being arranged in frame 1 and under pulverizing chamber 6 The inlet plenum 7 of side, the pulverizing chamber 6 is the tubular structure of a upper and lower opening, and the pulverizing chamber 6 is provided with charging aperture 8, cold air If mouth 9, discharge gate 10 and dry grinding nozzle 11,11 points of the crushing nozzle is two groups, and the crushing nozzle 11 described in every group is provided with Multiple, the crushing nozzle 11 described in two groups is oppositely arranged on the side wall of pulverizing chamber 6, and charging aperture 8 and the cold air mouth 9 is arranged on On the side wall of pulverizing chamber 6, the discharge gate 10 is located at the top of pulverizing chamber 6, and the discharge gate 10 is in upside down funnel shape, described Crush nozzle 11 and be connected with crushing air compressor 12, the crushing air compressor 12 is fixed on the outer wall of pulverizing chamber 6, institute The upper end for stating inlet plenum 7 is connected with pulverizing chamber 6, and nozzle of air supply 13, the spout of the nozzle of air supply 13 are provided with the inlet plenum 7 Upward, the nozzle of air supply 13 is connected with inlet air compressor 14, and the inlet air compressor 14 is fixed on air inlet On the outer wall of room 7, the bottom of the inlet plenum 7 is provided with slag-drip opening 74, and the slag-drip opening 74 is on funnel-form, the slag-drip opening 74 Provided with residual cake valve 37, the slag-drip opening 74 has slag trapping box 38.
As shown in figures 1 and 3, the feed arrangement 3 includes feeding rack 15, and the feeding rack 15 is fixed on the ground, institute Feeding rack 15 is stated provided with the first loading hopper 16, crushing device 17, the second loading hopper 18 and blowing device 73, described first Loading hopper 16 is located at the top of crushing device 17, and second loading hopper 18 is located at the lower section of crushing device 17, described the The lower section of two loading hoppers 18 is connected with feed pipe 19, and the feed pipe 19 connects charging aperture 8.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, the crushing device 17 includes main cracker 39, secondary cracker 40 and drive device 41, institute State main cracker 39 and secondary cracker 40 be fixed on feeding rack 15, the main cracker 39 is identical with the secondary size of cracker 40, The main cracker 39 and secondary cracker 40 be arranged in parallel in the same horizontal line, and first loading hopper 16 is located at master and pulverized The surface in space between roller 39 and secondary cracker 40, second loading hopper 18 is located at main cracker 39 and secondary cracker 40 Between space lower section.
As shown in 4 figures, the drive device 41 includes master gear 42, pinion 43 and motor 44, the master gear 42 are fixed on main cracker 39, and the pinion 43 is fixed on secondary cracker 40, master gear 42 and pinion 43 phase Mutually engagement, the motor 44 drives main cracker 39 to rotate by shaft coupling 22.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 3 and Fig. 5, the blowing device 73 includes blowing material blower fan 45, and the material blower fan 45 that blows is fixed on On the outer wall of feed pipe 19, the material blower fan 45 that blows is connected with and blows expects pipe 46, and the expects pipe 46 of blowing is stretched into feed pipe 19, The expects pipe 46 of blowing stretches into one end of feed pipe 19 provided with material head 47 is blown, and the blowing device 73 is provided with control and blows material head 47 The whirligig 48 of rotation, the whirligig 48 includes electric rotating machine 49, and the electric rotating machine 49 is fixed on feed pipe 19 Outer wall on, the electric rotating machine 49 is connected with rotating shaft 50, and the rotating shaft 50 is connected with rotating disk 51, and the rotating disk 51 is provided with through hole 52, the eccentric setting of through hole 52, the diameter of the through hole 52 is identical with the external diameter for blowing expects pipe 46, described to blow expects pipe 46 and blow material First 47 pass through through hole 52.
As shown in figures 1 to 6, the grading plant 4 includes classification case 20, the lower end of the classification case 20 and pulverizing chamber 6 Top be connected, classification case 20 upper surface is connected with provided with classification motor 21, the classification motor 21 by shaft coupling 22 Rotary shaft 23, the lower end of rotary shaft 23 is connected with classifying turbine 24, and the lower section of classifying turbine 24 is provided with part flow arrangement 25, institute The bottom of classification case 20 is stated provided with oblique funnel 26 and classification feed pipe 27, the oblique funnel 26 is connected with discharge pipe 28, described The connection feed pipe 19 of discharge pipe 28, the classification feed pipe 27 lower end connection discharge gate 10, the classification case 20, which is located at, to be divided The right side wall of the top of level impeller 24 is provided with fines outlet pipe 29, and the fines outlet pipe 29 is connected with material collecting device 30, the shunting Device 25 includes spreader 63, and the spreader 63 is overall in an inverted conical shape, and the cone of the spreader 63 is just right The classification feed pipe 27 of lower section, the conical surface of the spreader 63 is provided with some splitter boxs 64.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 7, the material collecting device 30 includes cyclone separator 53 and collecting box 54, the cyclonic separation Device 53 is connected provided with fines import 55, coarse fodder outlet 56 and fines outlet 57 between the fines import 55 and fines outlet pipe 29 Have and fines nozzle 59 is provided with fines pipe 58, the fines pipe 58, the fines nozzle 59 is connected with fines pipe air compressor 60, the fines pipe air compressor 60 is fixed on the outer wall of classification case 20, and the coarse fodder outlet 56 is connected with coarse fodder pipeline 61, the coarse fodder pipeline 61 connects discharge pipe 28, and the fines outlet 57 connects sack cleaner 62, the sack cleaner 62 are placed in collecting box 54.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 8, the cooling device 5 includes cooling frame 31, and the cooling frame 31 is fixed on machine On frame 1, the cooling frame 31 is provided with cooling air compressor 32, refrigerating plant 33, temperature display meter 34 and temp probe 35, Air duct 36 is connected between the cooling air compressor 32 and refrigerating plant 33, the temperature display meter 34 is visited with temperature First 35 are connected, and the temp probe 35 is fixed on the side wall of pulverizing chamber 6, and the refrigerating plant 33 includes minor air cell 65, described The upper end of minor air cell 65 is provided with air intlet 66, and the air intlet 66 is connected with air duct 36, the left and right of the minor air cell 65 Heat outlet 67 and cold air outlet 68 are respectively provided on two sides with, the heat outlet 67 is provided with control valve 69, the cold air outlet 68 It is connected with pulverizing chamber refrigerator pipe 70 and pulverizes refrigerator pipe 71, the connection of pulverizing chamber refrigerator pipe 70 cold air mouthful 9 is described to pulverize cold air Pipe 71 is described to pulverize cold air mouthful 72 just to the space between main cracker 39 and secondary cracker 40 provided with cold air mouthful 72 is pulverized.
The micronizer that a kind of use gas shock mode provided by the present invention carries out sub-material is as follows using process:Will Material is put into from the first loading hopper 16, and material is fallen into the crushing device 17 of lower section from the first loading hopper 16, now, by The driving crushing device 17 of drive device 41 is operated:Motor 44 drives master gear 42 to rotate by shaft coupling 22, master gear 42 It is fixedly mounted on main cracker 39, and pinion 43 is fixedly mounted on secondary cracker 40, master gear 42 is nibbled with pinion 43 Close, so motor 44 drives the opposite rotation synchronous with secondary cracker 43 of main cracker 42 so that material is from main cracker Between 42 and secondary cracker 43 by when, the material group agglomerated into is grinded up out, and material falls into the of lower section after pulverizing Two loading hoppers 18 are so as to fall into feed pipe 19;Feed pipe 19 is obliquely installed, and material glides under gravity, together When, the blowing device 73 being arranged in feed pipe 19 comes into operation:Blow material blower fan 45 to operate so that the air of feed pipe 19 Flow velocity is accelerated, and on the one hand provides the power that material is moved to pulverizing chamber 6, is dispelled, prevented when on the other hand material being fallen Agglomeration occurs for material;When material enters pulverizing chamber 6, crush air compressor 12 and compress air and by crushing nozzle 11 spray so that material in the pulverizing chamber 6 by impact several times, friction, shearing and crush, meanwhile, the general of inlet air compressor 14 Air compresses and sprayed by nozzle of air supply 13 so that moves, is arrived by discharge gate 10 with ascending air by the material crushed Up to classification case 20;Air-flow and material are reached after classification case 20, in the presence of the splitter box 64 on spreader 63 air-flow and Material is averaged distribution, drives rotary shaft 23 and classifying turbine 24 to rotate by shaft coupling 22 with time stage motor 21.Now, Coarse granule material is more than acting on for centripetal force because of the centrifugal force being subject to, then can be thrown toward tank wall and be moved downward along tank wall, through oblique Funnel 26 is collected.Feed pipe 19 is fallen into through discharge pipe 28, pulverizing chamber 6 is reentered and carries out separating twice.And particulate then because The centripetal force being subject to is more than centrifugal force, then enters fines outlet pipe 29 with air-flow from the gap of classifying turbine 24, now, is fixed on point Air is compressed and sprayed by fines nozzle 59 by the fines pipe air compressor 60 on the level outer wall of case 20 so that fines is accelerated Cyclone separator 53 is sprayed into, fines is entered axially into after cyclone tube by fines import 55, and air-flow is led by guide vane Stream acts on and produces strong rotation, and air-flow is twist downwardly into Whirlwind barrel along cylinder, and the big coarse fodder of density is in centrifugal force Wall is thrown toward under effect, and under gravity, falls to flowing out coarse fodder outlet 56 along barrel, and fall into by coarse fodder pipeline 61 Feed pipe 19, reenters pulverizing chamber 6 and carries out separating twice, the air-flow of rotation in cylinder contract to center flow, upwards Form secondary vortex flow to flow out the small fines of density from the fines outlet 57 at top, into the sack cleaner 62 in collecting box 54 It is collected, when above-mentioned work is run, cooling air compressor 32 compresses air sends into refrigerating plant by air duct 36 33, compressed air tangentially enters minor air cell with very high speed by air intlet 66, and air-flow is in minor air cell When rotating at a high speed, the unequal two parts air-flow of stagnation temperature, the gas flow temperature in centre are separated into after vortex conversion It is low, and the gas flow temperature in outer layer position is high, hot gas is discharged by heat outlet 67, and these hot gas can be used as other heating The thermal source of device, cold air is discharged by cold air outlet 68 and by pulverizing chamber refrigerator pipe 70 and pulverizes refrigerator pipe 71 and deliver to pulverizing chamber 6 and crushing device 17 at so that material is when pulverizing and crushing, proper temperature, will not be due to the heat produced when crushing and pulverizing Measure and deterioration, by setting temp probe 35 and temperature display meter 34, the temperature conditions of pulverizing chamber 6 can be observed, then lead to The refrigeration that control valve 69 controls refrigerating plant 33 is overregulated, in pulverizing chamber 6 temperature is adjusted.
The main characteristic of the invention lies in that, because material particular diameter is relatively thin, specific surface area is larger, easily occurs between material Agglomeration, when material enters in pulverizer, often along with big and small material group, these materials group is most of can be right Scattered when crashing through broken, remainder can be knocked closely knit in knockout process, and then hard material group be formed, then due to nothing Method is broken and falls into slag-drip opening discharge, and then makes the crush efficiency of pulverizer relatively low, by setting crushing device 17 so that material First pulverized before being crushed into pulverizing chamber 6, and by setting blowing device 73 so that material is entering the powder of pulverizing chamber 6 Dispelled before broken, two devices of summary can effectively eliminate the agglomeration of material, the crushing effect of improving material, Improve the quality of product:When pulverizer carries out micropowderization crushing, because impact constantly occurs for material so as to produce substantial amounts of heat Amount, is sometimes resulted in by the deterioration of Crushing of Ultrafine product, in addition, when pulverized thing is the more things of lipid amount such as soybean During body, it will become to seem that can not be crushed with the state that oil was rubbed up, by setting cooling device 5 so that material is in quilt When crushing and pulverizing, the temperature of material local environment can be adjusted so that the heat that material is produced is eliminated, it is ensured that material will not Deterioration is produced due to high temperature, so as to ensure the quality of product;By setting part flow arrangement 25 so that material is being divided During level, it is distributed evenly to surrounding and moves, the classification efficiency of material is improved, so as to improve production efficiency.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit is required rather than described above is limited, it is intended that all in the implication and scope of the equivalency of claim by falling Change is included in the present invention.Any reference in claim should not be considered as to the claim involved by limitation.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of use gas shock mode carries out the micronizer of sub-material, including frame (1), it is arranged in frame (1) Reducing mechanism (2), the feed arrangement (3) positioned at reducing mechanism (2) side, the grading plant (4) above reducing mechanism (2) And positioned at the cooling device (5) of reducing mechanism (2) opposite side;It is characterized in that:The reducing mechanism (2) includes being arranged on machine Pulverizing chamber (6) on frame (1) and the inlet plenum (7) below pulverizing chamber (6), the pulverizing chamber (6) are provided with charging aperture (8), cold air mouthful (9), discharge gate (10) and if dry grinding nozzle (11), the charging aperture (8) and cold air mouth (9) are arranged on crushing On the side wall of room (6), the discharge gate (10) is located at the top of pulverizing chamber (6), and the discharge gate (10) is in upside down funnel shape, The crushing nozzle (11) is connected with crushing air compressor (12), and the crushing air compressor (12) is fixed on pulverizing chamber (6) on outer wall, the upper end of the inlet plenum (7) is connected with pulverizing chamber (6), and nozzle of air supply is provided with the inlet plenum (7) (13), the spout of the nozzle of air supply (13) is set upward, and the nozzle of air supply (13) is connected with inlet air compressor (14), the inlet air compressor (14) is fixed on the outer wall of inlet plenum (7);
The cooling device (5) includes cooling frame (31), and the cooling frame (31) is fixed in frame (1), the cooling frame (31) cooling air compressor (32), refrigerating plant (33), temperature display meter (34) and temp probe (35) are provided with, it is described cold But air duct (36), the temperature display meter (34) and temperature are connected between air compressor (35) and refrigerating plant (33) Popping one's head in, (35) are connected, and the temp probe (35) is fixed on the side wall of pulverizing chamber (6).
2. a kind of use gas shock mode according to claim 1 carries out the micronizer of sub-material, it is characterised in that: The refrigerating plant (33) includes minor air cell (65), and minor air cell (65) upper end is provided with air intlet (66), and the air enters Mouthful (66) are connected with air duct (36), the minor air cell (65) be respectively arranged on the left side and the right side heat outlet (67) and cold air goes out Mouth (68), the heat outlet (67) is connected with pulverizing chamber refrigerator pipe (70) provided with control valve (69), the cold air outlet (68) With pulverize refrigerator pipe (71), pulverizing chamber refrigerator pipe (70) the connection cold air mouthful (9), the refrigerator pipe (71) that pulverizes is provided with pulverizing Cold air mouthful (72).
3. a kind of use gas shock mode according to claim 1 carries out the micronizer of sub-material, it is characterised in that: The grading plant (4) includes classification case (20), and the lower end of the classification case (20) is connected with the top of pulverizing chamber (6), described It is classified in case (20) provided with classification motor (21), the classification motor (21) is connected with rotary shaft (23) by shaft coupling (22), Rotary shaft (23) lower end is connected with below classifying turbine (24), the classifying turbine (24) and is provided with part flow arrangement (25), institute The bottom of classification case (20) is stated provided with oblique funnel (26) and classification feed pipe (27), the oblique funnel (26) is connected with discharge pipe (28), discharge pipe (28) the connection feed arrangement (3), classification feed pipe (27) lower end connection discharge gate (10), institute State and fines outlet pipe (29) is provided with above classifying turbine (24), the fines outlet pipe (29) is connected with material collecting device (30).
4. a kind of use gas shock mode according to claim 1 carries out the micronizer of sub-material, it is characterised in that: The crushing nozzle (11) is divided into two groups, and every group of crushing nozzle (11) is provided with multiple spouts, and two groups of crushing nozzles (11) are relative to be set Put on the side wall of pulverizing chamber (6).
5. a kind of use gas shock mode according to claim 1 carries out the micronizer of sub-material, it is characterised in that: The bottom of the inlet plenum (7) is provided with slag-drip opening (74), and the slag-drip opening (74) is in funnel-form, and the slag-drip opening (74) is provided with Residual cake valve (37), slag trapping box (38) is arranged below in slag-drip opening (74).
6. a kind of use gas shock mode according to claim 3 carries out the micronizer of sub-material, it is characterised in that: The material collecting device (30) includes cyclone separator (53) and collecting box (54), and the cyclone separator (53) is provided with fines import (55), coarse fodder outlet (56) and fines outlet (57), fines is connected between the fines import (55) and fines outlet pipe (29) Manage (58), fines nozzle (59) is provided with the fines pipe, the fines nozzle (59) is connected with fines pipe air compressor (60), the fines pipe air compressor (60) is fixed on the outer wall of classification case (20), and the coarse fodder outlet (56) is connected with Coarse fodder pipeline (61), coarse fodder pipeline (61) the connection discharge pipe (28), fines outlet (57) the connection sack cleaner (62), the sack cleaner (62) is placed in collecting box (54).
7. a kind of use gas shock mode according to claim 3 carries out the micronizer of sub-material, it is characterised in that: The part flow arrangement (25) includes spreader (63), and the spreader (63) is integrally in an inverted conical shape, and the shunting The cone for boring (63) is just classified feed pipe (27) to lower section, and the conical surface of the spreader (63) is provided with some splitter boxs (64).
CN201710326054.0A 2017-05-10 2017-05-10 A kind of use gas shock mode carries out the micronizer of sub-material Withdrawn CN106955774A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108816343A (en) * 2018-05-04 2018-11-16 芜湖良匠机械制造有限公司 A kind of High Precision Low Temperature grinding device for the production of glass substrate rack
CN109225546A (en) * 2018-07-27 2019-01-18 峨眉山天然有机茶业有限公司 A kind of tealeaves air-flow super-micro wall-broken breaking method
CN110856830A (en) * 2018-08-23 2020-03-03 耐驰干法研磨技术有限公司 Method and device for discharging difficult-to-grind particles from a spiral jet mill
CN112892698A (en) * 2021-01-15 2021-06-04 南京工程学院 Shaping system is smashed to blue charcoal granule
CN112892698B (en) * 2021-01-15 2022-05-10 南京工程学院 Shaping system is smashed to blue charcoal granule

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108816343A (en) * 2018-05-04 2018-11-16 芜湖良匠机械制造有限公司 A kind of High Precision Low Temperature grinding device for the production of glass substrate rack
CN109225546A (en) * 2018-07-27 2019-01-18 峨眉山天然有机茶业有限公司 A kind of tealeaves air-flow super-micro wall-broken breaking method
CN110856830A (en) * 2018-08-23 2020-03-03 耐驰干法研磨技术有限公司 Method and device for discharging difficult-to-grind particles from a spiral jet mill
CN112892698A (en) * 2021-01-15 2021-06-04 南京工程学院 Shaping system is smashed to blue charcoal granule
CN112892698B (en) * 2021-01-15 2022-05-10 南京工程学院 Shaping system is smashed to blue charcoal granule

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Application publication date: 20170718