CN209501889U - A kind of fluidized bed air flow crusher of controllable granularity - Google Patents

A kind of fluidized bed air flow crusher of controllable granularity Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209501889U
CN209501889U CN201821866867.5U CN201821866867U CN209501889U CN 209501889 U CN209501889 U CN 209501889U CN 201821866867 U CN201821866867 U CN 201821866867U CN 209501889 U CN209501889 U CN 209501889U
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China
Prior art keywords
chamber
impeller base
fluidized bed
air flow
sorting
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CN201821866867.5U
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Chinese (zh)
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杨伟
杨盛明
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Suzhou Dohongwei Machinery Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Suzhou Dohongwei Machinery Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of fluidized bed air flow crusher of controllable granularity, belongs to powder field of crushing equipment, including sorting unit;The crushing chamber in feed pipe connection left side;The crushing chamber top connection classification chamber, lower part connection are blown chamber, install compressed air hose on the outer wall of front;Classification top of chamber setting top mounting plate;Sorting unit is installed on the top mounting plate;Blanking cone bucket is connected below the blowing chamber;Automatic discharge unit is connected below the blanking cone bucket;Coarse fodder discharge port is connected below the automatic discharge unit;Under the collective effect for the centripetal force that centrifugal force and nozzle that the utility model is generated by setting classifying turbine and the updraft viscous effect that secondary wind inleting tube generates generate, material is sorted, motor in four sets of sorting units passes through variable frequency regulating speed control, it is allowed to generate different centrifugal force, achievees the purpose that controllable grain fineness;And the angle design of blade improves the classifying capability and crush efficiency of classifying turbine.

Description

A kind of fluidized bed air flow crusher of controllable granularity
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of airslide disintegrating mill, the fluidized bed air flow crusher of specifically a kind of controllable granularity.
Background technique
Fluidized bed air flow crusher is compressed air after freezing, filtering, drying, forms supersonic airstream through nozzle and penetrates Enter pulverizing chamber, make material in fluidization, accelerated material converges in the jet-stream wind joint of several nozzles, generates violent Collision, friction, the ultra-fine grinding sheared and reach particle;The air-flow that smashed material is raised is delivered to impeller graded region It is interior, under the action of grading wheel centrifugal force and blower draft, realize the separation of thickness powder, coarse powder returns to powder according to the gravity of itself Broken room continues to crush, and qualified fine powder enters cyclone collector with air-flow, and fine dust is collected by sack cleaner, the gas of purification Body is discharged by air-introduced machine.
But crushing effect of the existing fluidized bed air flow crusher in assorting room for particle is bad, it is especially right It is insufficient in the control ability of granularity, the sorting of progress particle that can only be single.
Utility model content
In view of the above shortcomings of the prior art, it crushes and imitates the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a kind of raising The fluidized bed air flow crusher of rate and the controllable granularity of multipass sort.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model provides following technical solution:
A kind of fluidized bed air flow crusher of controllable granularity, including feed pipe, crushing chamber, classification chamber, blowing chamber, secondary Blast pipe and sorting unit;The crushing chamber in feed pipe connection left side;The crushing chamber top connection classification chamber, lower part connection It is blown chamber, compressed air hose is installed on the outer wall of front;Classification top of chamber setting top mounting plate;On the top mounting plate Sorting unit is installed;Blanking cone bucket is connected below the blowing chamber, front setting nozzle, secondary wind inleting tube is arranged in right side;It is described Automatic discharge unit is connected below blanking cone bucket;Coarse fodder discharge port is connected below the automatic discharge unit.
As the further improvement project of the utility model: the sorting unit setting quantity is four sets, including motor;Institute It states and connects shaft coupling below motor;Fines discharge port is connected below the shaft coupling;Connection sorting below the fines discharge port Impeller;The sorting impeller is mounted on the intracavitary portion of classification, the lower section of top mounting plate.
As the further improvement project of the utility model: the sorting impeller includes upper impeller base;Upper leaf wheel seat Lower impeller base is arranged in lower section;Upper leaf wheel seat and lower impeller base are coaxially arranged, and leaf is arranged between upper impeller base and lower impeller base Piece;The upper end of the blade connects upper impeller base, and lower end connects lower impeller base.
As the further improvement project of the utility model: the blade setting quantity is several, and blade surrounds upper impeller base Axis with lower impeller base is in uniform equidistant placement.
As the further improvement project of the utility model: the axial plane of the blade and upper impeller base and lower impeller base In angle.
As the further improvement project of the utility model: the setting range of the angle is between 19-21 °.
As the utility model further improvement project: the angle of the angle is 20 °.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that
The utility model is blown the material in blowing chamber by setting nozzle and secondary wind inleting tube, is allowed to generate and touch It hits, rub, shear and be broken into ultra-fine material, and material is made to increase with air-flow, in the centrifugal force that classifying turbine generates Under the action of the centripetal force that gentle stream viscosity effect generates, material is sorted, the motor in four sets of sorting units passes through change Frequency speed regulating control is allowed to generate different centrifugal force, achievees the purpose that controllable grain fineness;And the angle of blade, which designs, to be improved The classifying capability and crush efficiency of classifying turbine.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of the fluidized bed air flow crusher of controllable granularity;
Fig. 2 is the arrangement schematic diagram of installation plate surface in top in a kind of fluidized bed air flow crusher of controllable granularity;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of enlarged drawing A in a kind of fluidized bed air flow crusher of controllable granularity;
Fig. 4 is the diagrammatic cross-section that impeller is sorted in a kind of fluidized bed air flow crusher of controllable granularity;
In figure: 1- feed pipe, 2- crushing chamber, 3- classification chamber, 4- are blown chamber, 5- blanking cone bucket, 6- automatic discharge unit, 7- Coarse fodder discharge port, 8- compressed air hose, 9- nozzle, 10- secondary wind inleting tube, the top 11- mounting plate, 12- sorting unit, 13- electricity Impeller base, 19- blade, 20- folder under machine, 14- shaft coupling, 15- fines discharge port, 16- sorting impeller, the upper impeller base of 17-, 18- Angle.
Specific embodiment
The technical solution of the patent is explained in further detail With reference to embodiment.
The embodiment of this patent is described below in detail, examples of the embodiments are shown in the accompanying drawings, wherein from beginning to end Same or similar label indicates same or similar element or element with the same or similar functions.Below with reference to attached The embodiment of figure description is exemplary, and is only used for explaining this patent, and cannot be understood as a limitation of this patent.
In the description of this patent, it is to be understood that term " center ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", " left side ", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as " right side ", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside" is based on the figure Orientation or positional relationship, be merely for convenience of description this patent and simplify description, rather than the device of indication or suggestion meaning or Element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore should not be understood as the limitation to this patent.
In the description of this patent, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " phase Even ", " connection ", " setting " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly linked, being arranged, may be a detachable connection, set It sets, or is integrally connected, is arranged.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned art can be understood as the case may be The concrete meaning of language in this patent.
Embodiment one
A kind of fluidized bed air flow crusher of controllable granularity, including feed pipe are present embodiments provided referring to FIG. 1-2, 1, crushing chamber 2, classification chamber 3, blowing chamber 4, secondary wind inleting tube 10 and sorting unit 12;The crushing in the connection of feed pipe 1 left side Chamber 2;2 top of the crushing chamber connection classification chamber 3, lower part connection are blown chamber 4, install compressed air hose 8 on the outer wall of front;It is described It is classified setting top mounting plate 11 at the top of chamber 3;Sorting unit 12 is installed on the top mounting plate 11;4 lower section of blowing chamber Blanking cone bucket 5 is connected, front setting nozzle 9, secondary wind inleting tube 10 is arranged in right side;Connection is unloaded automatically below the blanking cone bucket 5 Expect device 6;Coarse fodder discharge port 7 is connected below the automatic discharge unit 6;Material is entered in crushing chamber 2 by feed pipe 1, blowing The nozzle 9 and secondary wind inleting tube 10 being arranged on the outside of chamber 4 to blowing chamber 4 in be blown, be allowed to generate collision, friction, shearing and It is broken into ultra-fine material, and material is made to increase with air-flow, is moved upwards into classification chamber 3;Sort 16 high speed of impeller Rotation was so that particle was not only generated by the centrifugal force that classifying turbine 16 generates but also by air-flow viscous effect during rising Centripetal force, when the centrifugal force that particle is subject to be greater than centripetal force when, particle return crushing chamber 2 continues to crush, be subject to when particle When centrifugal force is less than centripetal force, the particle for reaching Cut size is entered through in 15 blowing out device of fines discharge port;It cannot crush Larger particles fall into lower section discharging cone bucket 5 in, through 7 discharger of automatic discharge unit 6 and coarse fodder discharge port;
It is four sets that quantity, which is arranged, in the sorting unit 12, including motor 13;Shaft coupling 14 is connected below the motor 13;Institute State connection fines discharge port 15 below shaft coupling 14;Connection sorting impeller 16 below the fines discharge port 15;The sorting leaf Wheel 16 is mounted on inside classification chamber 3, the lower section of top mounting plate 11;Sorting unit 12 is arranged altogether four sets, every set sorting unit Motor 13 is contained in 12, motor 13 drives sorting impeller 16 to rotate by shaft coupling 14;Pass through the frequency conversion of four motors 13 Speed regulation, so that the revolving speed of four sets of sorting units is not identical, the different revolving speed of sorting impeller 16 can generate different strength to material Centrifugal force, and then the particle of different fineness is sub-elected, achieve the purpose that controllable grain fineness.
Embodiment two
Fig. 3-4 is please referred to, a kind of fluidized bed air flow crusher of controllable granularity, including upper impeller are present embodiments provided Seat 17 and lower impeller base 18;The sorting impeller 16 includes upper impeller base 17;Lower impeller base is set below upper leaf wheel seat 17 18;Upper leaf wheel seat 17 and lower impeller base 18 are coaxially arranged, and blade 19 is arranged between upper impeller base 17 and lower impeller base 18;Institute The upper end for stating blade 19 connects upper impeller base 17, and lower end connects lower impeller base 18;The setting of blade 19 quantity is several, blade 19 It is in uniform equidistant placement around the axis of upper impeller base 17 and lower impeller base 18;The blade 19 and upper impeller base 17 and lower impeller The axial plane of seat 18 is in angle 20;The setting range of the angle 20 is between 19-21 °;The angle of the angle 20 is 20°;Sorting impeller 16 is made of upper impeller base 17, lower impeller base 18 and blade 19;The special angle 20 of blade 19, which designs, to be improved The classifying capability and crush efficiency of classifying turbine.
The working principle of the utility model is: powder enters in crushing chamber 2 through feed pipe 1, the sorting unit being classified in chamber 3 12 pairs of powders sort, and sorting unit 12 is arranged altogether four sets, contain motor 13, motor 13 in every set sorting unit 12 It drives sorting impeller 16 to rotate by shaft coupling 14, sorts 16 high speed rotation of impeller and nozzle 9 and 10 pairs of secondary wind inleting tube sprays Progress air inlet blowing in chamber is blown, is allowed to generate collision, friction, shears and be broken into ultra-fine material, and make material with air-flow And rise, and during rising not only by classifying turbine 16 generate centrifugal force again by air-flow viscous effect generation to Mental and physical efforts, when the centrifugal force that particle is subject to is greater than centripetal force, particle, which returns to crushing chamber 2, to be continued to crush, when the centrifugation that particle is subject to When power is less than centripetal force, the particle for reaching Cut size is entered through in 15 blowing out device of fines discharge port;Cannot crush compared with Bulky grain is fallen into the discharging cone bucket 5 of lower section, through 7 discharger of automatic discharge unit 6 and coarse fodder discharge port;Pass through four motors 13 frequency control, so that the revolving speed of four sets of sorting units is not identical, the different revolving speed of sorting impeller 16 can generate not material With the centrifugal force of strength, and then the particle of different fineness is sub-elected, achievees the purpose that controllable grain fineness;And blade 19 is special Angle 20 design and improve the classifying capability and crush efficiency of classifying turbine.
The preferred embodiment of the patent is described in detail above, but this patent is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment party Formula within the knowledge of one of ordinary skill in the art can also be under the premise of not departing from this patent objective It makes a variety of changes.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of fluidized bed air flow crusher of controllable granularity, including feed pipe (1), crushing chamber (2), classification chamber (3), blowing Chamber (4), secondary wind inleting tube (10) and sorting unit (12);It is characterized in that: the crushing chamber (2) in feed pipe (1) connection left side; Crushing chamber (2) top connection classification chamber (3), lower part connection are blown chamber (4), install compressed air hose (8) on the outer wall of front; Setting top mounting plate (11) at the top of the classification chamber (3);Sorting unit (12) are installed on the top mounting plate (11);It is described It is blown below chamber (4) and connects blanking cone bucket (5), secondary wind inleting tube (10) are arranged in front setting nozzle (9), right side;The blanking Automatic discharge unit (6) are connected below cone bucket (5);Coarse fodder discharge port (7) are connected below the automatic discharge unit (6).
2. the fluidized bed air flow crusher of a kind of controllable granularity according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the sorting fills Setting (12) setting quantity is four sets, including motor (13);Shaft coupling (14) are connected below the motor (13);The shaft coupling (14) lower section connects fines discharge port (15);Connection sorting impeller (16) below the fines discharge port (15);The sorting leaf Wheel (16) is mounted on classification chamber (3) inside, the lower section of top mounting plate (11).
3. the fluidized bed air flow crusher of a kind of controllable granularity according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the sorting leaf Taking turns (16) includes upper impeller base (17);Lower impeller base (18) are set below upper leaf wheel seat (17);Upper leaf wheel seat (17) It is coaxially arranged with lower impeller base (18), blade (19) are set between upper impeller base (17) and lower impeller base (18);The blade (19) upper end connects upper impeller base (17), and lower end connects lower impeller base (18).
4. the fluidized bed air flow crusher of a kind of controllable granularity according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: the blade (19) setting quantity is several, and blade (19) is in uniform equidistant placement around the axis of upper impeller base (17) and lower impeller base (18).
5. the fluidized bed air flow crusher of a kind of controllable granularity according to claim 3 or 4, it is characterized in that: the leaf The axial plane of piece (19) and upper impeller base (17) and lower impeller base (18) is in angle (20).
6. the fluidized bed air flow crusher of a kind of controllable granularity according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the angle (20) setting range is between 19-21 °.
7. the fluidized bed air flow crusher of a kind of controllable granularity according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the angle (20) angle is 20 °.
CN201821866867.5U 2018-11-14 2018-11-14 A kind of fluidized bed air flow crusher of controllable granularity Active CN209501889U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821866867.5U CN209501889U (en) 2018-11-14 2018-11-14 A kind of fluidized bed air flow crusher of controllable granularity

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821866867.5U CN209501889U (en) 2018-11-14 2018-11-14 A kind of fluidized bed air flow crusher of controllable granularity

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209501889U true CN209501889U (en) 2019-10-18

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209501889U (en)

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