CN106927098A - A kind of novel intelligent bale breaker - Google Patents

A kind of novel intelligent bale breaker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106927098A
CN106927098A CN201710272065.5A CN201710272065A CN106927098A CN 106927098 A CN106927098 A CN 106927098A CN 201710272065 A CN201710272065 A CN 201710272065A CN 106927098 A CN106927098 A CN 106927098A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bag
novel intelligent
grapple
bale breaker
framework
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201710272065.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106927098B (en
Inventor
张占方
王立欣
赵庆军
张赞
张海港
梅青
张卫国
董茂忠
闫忠勇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong Sen Sen Ecological Engineering Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shandong Sen Sen Ecological Engineering Co Ltd
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201710272065.5A priority Critical patent/CN106927098B/en
Publication of CN106927098A publication Critical patent/CN106927098A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106927098B publication Critical patent/CN106927098B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B69/00Unpacking of articles or materials, not otherwise provided for
    • B65B69/0033Unpacking of articles or materials, not otherwise provided for by cutting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C1/00Crushing or disintegrating by reciprocating members
    • B02C1/005Crushing or disintegrating by reciprocating members hydraulically or pneumatically operated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/16Mills provided with vibrators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • B07B1/4609Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens constructional details of screening surfaces or meshes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B4/00Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents
    • B07B4/08Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents while the mixtures are supported by sieves, screens, or like mechanical elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/901Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials provided with drive systems with rectilinear movements only
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • B02C2023/165Screen denying egress of oversize material
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of novel intelligent bale breaker, including a main frame, two sets of material conveyors are installed on described main frame, be placed on material bag on briquetting device by a set of material conveyor, described briquetting device to material bag in hardened piece carry out first broken, material is become more loose;Another material conveyor dials the top that material bag reaches rolling thick stick from briquetting device quickly through the cutter being arranged on main frame to material, ensure that the material in raw material bag is shaken off totally, hopper is provided with below described rolling thick stick, second-time breakage is carried out to material in hopper, material is fractured into the size that can be come into operation, then chip sorting unit is transported material to by conveying device, after described chip sorting unit is sorted to material, obtains final material.

Description

A kind of novel intelligent bale breaker
Technical field
The invention discloses a kind of novel intelligent bale breaker.
Background technology
Current chemical fertilizer production line is different according to factory formula, generally require three to five kinds of input primary raw material (potassium chloride, Ammonium sulfate etc.), general 50 kilogram/bag of packaging bag of raw material or 40 kilograms/every bag, the material of packaging bag is nylon braided bag, former Material bag is put into dog-house by material transport to after factory, is then manually held pocket knife and is cut open bag, then material is poured over feeds intake In mouthful, and some materials caking is, it is necessary to be manually broken into fritter, the production line of general 50,000 tons of production capacity is, it is necessary to 5 At least need each hour to put into 15 tons of materials of (300 bags) to 6 workmans, and need the work of continuous high intensity.
Also a kind of manner of packing of material is the form of ton bag, i.e., one larger woven bag holds one ton of material, Provoked with fork truck when unpacking, manually untie the mouth of bottom, complete blanking.
Working method of unpacking at present is entirely handwork, it is necessary to artificial more, and labour intensity is big, and human body connects during work Material is touched, it is big to human health damage.With State Council on printing and distributing《Made in China 2025》Notice be opportunity, change current people The operating type of work work, researches and develops a kind of novel intelligent Unpacking hereby, while improve production efficiency, realizes work of unpacking Industry is automated, intellectuality production.
The content of the invention
The present invention unpacks to solve technical problem present in prior art the invention discloses a kind of novel intelligent Machine can realize the automatic operation of unpacking of feed product bag, and with crushing function, the material of five flower piles be thrown by fork truck Enter the charging aperture of equipment, start auto-programming, material will automatically engage dog-house, release artificial work, it is to avoid artificial Contact to material, while the production efficiency of equipment will be significantly larger than manual work.Equipment can disassemble the packaging of ton bag simultaneously Material, the material for being applicable various packaged forms is unpacked operation.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
A kind of novel intelligent bale breaker, including a main frame, are provided with two sets of material fortune on described main frame Be placed on material bag on briquetting device by defeated device, a set of material conveyor, and described briquetting device is to the plate in material bag Caking carries out first broken, material is become more loose;Another material conveyor is fast from briquetting device by material bag Speed is dialed by the top that the cutter being arranged on main frame reaches rolling thick stick to material, it is ensured that the material in raw material bag is shaken off Totally, hopper is provided with below described rolling thick stick, carries out second-time breakage to material in hopper, material is fractured into can be with The size for coming into operation, then transports material to chip sorting unit, described chip sorting unit pair by conveying device After material is sorted, final material is obtained.
Further, described novel intelligent bale breaker is also unpacked device including a ton bag, and described ton bag is unpacked dress Put for being unpacked to big material bag.
Further, described to be arranged on main frame including ton bag device of unpacking, it includes a branch framework, described Branch framework in be provided with a hopper, the lower tray for holding ton bag is provided with above described hopper, it is described Lower tray can be moved up and down under the driving of lifting drive, be provided with installed in framework above described lower tray On top tray, the top bag mechanism that can be stretched up and down is provided with described top tray, the both sides of framework be provided with rotation drive Dynamic device, the output end of described rotating driving device is fixed in described top tray, in top tray and subiculum chuck clamping ton After bag, top tray and lower tray is driven to rotate together by rotating driving device.
Further, the pressurizing unit extruded ton bag is also equipped with described branch framework;Described squeezes Pressure device includes two extruding disks, is connected by extruding hydraulic cylinder between two extruding disks, is driven extruding when hydraulic cylinder stretches out Two extruding disk motions, realize the extruding to ton bag, by the lump crushing in ton bag.
Further, described top bag mechanism includes top bag hydraulic cylinder, and the cylinder body of described top bag hydraulic cylinder is vertical to be consolidated It is scheduled on platen, piston rod is used in upper platen and after pushing disc spins 180 degree, by ton bag jack-up.
Further, described briquetting device includes a chassis being horizontally set on main frame, on described chassis Top it is symmetrical be provided with multiple platens, be connected with chassis positioned at the one end in outside in multiple platens, relative with the end is another It is free end to hold, and is connected with drive device at the top of each platen, drive platen vertical with respect to chassis by drive device or Person is parallel with the top surface on chassis, completes the attrition crushing to material.
Further, described drive device include it is at least a set of, often cover drive device include hydraulic cylinder, a connecting rod I With connecting rod II, the cylinder part of hydraulic cylinder is fixed on support, and one end of connecting rod II is connected on platen, other end connection hydraulic pressure The piston rod of cylinder, one end of described connecting rod I is connected on framework, and the other end connection of connecting rod I is on the piston rod.
Further, horizontal running mechanism and mobility framework are included in described material conveyor, in the main frame Outside guide rail is installed, the horizontal running mechanism moved horizontally along guide rail is connected with the top of described mobility framework, Horizontal running mechanism is moved horizontally together with described mobility framework, and being provided with the inside of mobility framework can up and down transport along it Installed up and down with mechanical gripping setting stick by scissors mechanism and Timing Belt dynamic hoistable platform, the bottom of described hoistable platform.
Further, described mechanical gripping setting stick includes a handgrip pallet, and multiple is provided with described handgrip pallet Mechanical gripper, is provided with multiple steam lines on described handgrip pallet, and described steam line connection source of the gas, is described machine Tool handgrip is supplied.
Further, described mechanical gripper includes a base plate, and grapple cylinder and liter are provided with described base plate Sending down abnormally ascending cylinder, described lift cylinder drives described base plate to move up and down;Moved down on described one tooth bar of grapple air cylinder driven Dynamic, described tooth bar is engaged with two gears for being located at its both sides, and two gear direction of rotation are conversely, the anglec of rotation is identical; Described two gears drive two rotary shafts rotations, are provided with multigroup grapple in the rotary shaft described in two, multigroup grapple with Described rotary shaft rotation, the folding of pneumatic grapple is realized;The deep-slotted chip breaker coordinated with grapple is provided with described base plate.
Further, described grapple includes four groups, and every group includes two hooks, and one of hook is arranged on rotary shaft On I, another hook is arranged on rotary shaft II, and two hooks are symmetrical;Wherein two groups hooks are arranged on two rotations The two ends of axle, two groups of hooks are installed in the both sides of lift cylinder in addition.
Further, described chip sorting unit, including a linear vibrating screen, on the top of described linear vibrating screen Portion is provided with the cyclone channel communicated with inside it, and described cyclone channel is connected with a blower fan, and described blower fan further through Pipeline is connected with debris collection.
10 meters × 4.5 meters × 4 meters of novel intelligent bale breaker length, width and height of the invention, about 60 kilowatts of equipment general power, fortune About 30 kilowatts of power during row, set 6 stations, respectively:Feeding station, briquetting station, station of unpacking collects station, sorting Station, ton bag is unpacked station.50 kilograms of packaging bags every time tear 5 bags open, can tear open per hour 300 bags (about 15 tons), and ton bag unpacks 5 Minute/bag, per hour 12 bags;
Material enters sorting mechanism after broken, is removed impurity in material by sorting mechanism, is finally delivered to out Material mouth.
Because the material bag of ton bag is larger, the responsible material of individually designed ton turn-up mechanism is unpacked operation, by hydraulic means Material is extruded and fixed, makes to carry out material rotary dumping by motor belt motor hydrodynamic pressure device, completed ton bag and unpack operation.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
1. the bale breaker energy resource consumption is low, and general power about 60kW, normal service rating about 30kW, caking materials use power About 40kW.The device connects automatic unloading system and automatic feeding system, and material is removed into external packing, is transported to production line, carries For the required material of production line.
2. the bale breaker production efficiency is high, equipment can unpack per hour about 18 tons pouch-packaged material, ton bag is per small When can tear 10 bags open.Can completely instead of the hand labour of people.
3. the bale breaker general frame is welded, and rigidity is reliable, equal with material contact site and outer surface protection position From corrosion resistant material, integral device is durable, anticorrosive.
4. bale breaker integral device sealing, prevents airborne dust, it is possible to increase operating environment, reduces pollution.
5. the bale breaker uses machine operation of unpacking, it is to avoid the directly contact of material and human body, reduction material pair can be done The injury of human body.
6. the bale breaker bale breaker can work continuously, stable production capacity.
7. the bale breaker is simple to operate instead of manual work, greatly reduce labour.
8. the machine equipment of unpacking has carried out modularization, and diversified design can select need according to the actual demand of client Which function is wanted, or which special function increased.
9. the comparing of the bale breaker and operation of manually unpacking, as follows:
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 novel intelligent bale breaker overall structures;
Fig. 2 lifts the structure chart of conveying device;
The overall structure figure being distributed on handgrip disk of Fig. 3 mechanical grippers;
The structure chart of Fig. 4 mechanical grippers;
The structure chart of the pneumatic grapple of Fig. 5, Fig. 6;
The structure chart of Fig. 7 briquetting devices;
The structure chart of Fig. 8 cutter sweeps;
Fig. 9 shakes the structure chart of thick stick device;
The broken structure chart of Figure 10 blankings;
The structure chart of Figure 11 chip sorting units;
Figure 12 collects the structure chart of belting;
Figure 13 tons is wrapped device of unpacking;
In figure:1. the briquetting station 3. of feeding station 2. collection of station 4. 5. tons of bags of bag station of unpacking are unpacked 6. points of station Select the discharging opening of station 7.;1-1. material conveyors, 1-2 material conveyors, 1-3. lifting conveying devices, 2-1. sides position pressure Bag apparatus, 3-1. cutter sweeps, 3-2. crushing mechanisms, 3-3. Huang Gang mechanisms;8. guide rail, 9. tooth bar, 10. gear, 11. is sliding vertically Rail, 12. wheels, 13. horizontal running mechanisms, 14. synchronous pulleys, 15. vertical shift frameworks, 16. lifting drives, 17. machines Tool handgrip disk, 18. scissors mechanisms, 19. lifter wheel groups, 20. hoistable platforms, 21. the two-sided racks, 22. horizontal drive apparatus; 23. pipelines, 24. sensors, 25. mechanical grippers, 26. magnetic valves, 27. pressure-reducing valves, 28. handgrip trays, 29. level boards, 30. grab Hook cylinder, 31. lift cylinders, 32. rack-and-pinion, 33. fairleads, 34. fixed plates, 35. riser I, 36. guide posts, 37. are oriented to Pole socket, 38. connecting rods, 39. riser II, 40. bearings, 41. rotary shafts, 42. base plates, 43. riser III, 44. pneumatic grapples, 45 Fixed seat, 46 arc hooks;47. frameworks, 48. chassis, 49. connecting rod I, 50. hydraulic cylinders, 51. connecting rod II, 52. platens, 53. hinges Seat, 54. pressings;55. bearings, 56. spacers, 57. cutters, 58. axles, 59. motor reducers;60. frameworks, 61. sliding blocks, 62. lead Rail, 63. connecting rods, 64. eccentric wheels, 65. motor reducers;66 frameworks, 67. gear trains, 68. twin rollers structures, 69. bearing blocks, 70. Drive device, 71. bucket case bearings, 72. bucket casees, 73. vibrators;74. linear vibrating screens, 75. cyclone channels, 76. blower fans, 77. Debris collection, 78. collection baskets, 79. sensors, 80. closing devices, 81. frameworks, 82. push away bagging apparatus, 83. material bags caching Area;84. frameworks, 85. lifting hydraulic cylinders, 86. top bag hydraulic cylinders, 87. top trays, 88. rotating driving devices, 89. lower trays, 90. breakers, 91. hoppers, 92. guide posts, 93. extruding hydraulic cylinders, 94. levers, 95. extruding disks.
Specific embodiment
It is noted that described further below is all exemplary, it is intended to provide further instruction to the application.Unless another Indicate, all technologies used herein and scientific terminology are with usual with the application person of an ordinary skill in the technical field The identical meanings of understanding.
It should be noted that term used herein above is merely to describe specific embodiment, and be not intended to restricted root According to the illustrative embodiments of the application.As used herein, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, otherwise singulative Be also intended to include plural form, additionally, it should be understood that, when in this manual use term "comprising" and/or " bag Include " when, it indicates existing characteristics, step, operation, device, component and/or combinations thereof.
The present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, as shown in figure 1, the invention discloses a kind of novel intelligent Bale breaker, including a main frame, are provided with two sets of material conveyors, a set of material conveyor on described main frame Be placed on material bag on briquetting device by 1-1, described briquetting device to material bag in hardened piece carry out first broken, make Material becomes more loose;Another material conveyor 1-2 by material bag from briquetting device quickly through being arranged on main frame On cutter reach shake thick stick top material is dialed, it is ensured that the material in raw material bag is shaken off totally, in described rolling thick stick Lower section be provided with hopper, second-time breakage is carried out to material in hopper, material is fractured into the size that can be come into operation, so Chip sorting unit is transported material to by conveying device afterwards, after described chip sorting unit is sorted to material, is obtained To final material, from discharging opening 7 out.
Specific structure and the course of work are as follows:
1) feeding stations 1
Five good flowers pile material (typically piling up 8 layers, 5 bags every layer) of code are put into by feeding station, Ran Houtong by fork truck Cross multigroup mechanical gripper successively to capture material, mechanical gripper is carried out material by being installed in lifting conveying device Lifting and whereabouts, moving forward and backward for conveying device is lifted by Serve Motor Control, transports material to the station specified.Machinery Handgrip is the opening and closing that grapple is controlled by pneumatic means, the lifting of lifting mechanism control handgrip disk.Using two lifting conveying dresses Put and drive respectively respective lifting decoration and gripper equipment, a lifting conveying device is responsible for the successively crawl of material, placement Briquetting station, another lifting conveying device captures material bag and is unpacked and put the operation of bag again.Whole flow of unpacking is entered Row is decomposed, and is used by two dolly alternate cycles, different operations is undertaken respectively, the production efficiency that can be doubled.
Above-mentioned lifting conveying device 1-3 as shown in Fig. 2 including horizontal running mechanism and mobility framework 15, in the master Guide rail 8 is installed on the outside of framework, the horizontal line moved horizontally along guide rail is connected with the top of described mobility framework 15 Mechanism 13 is walked, horizontal running mechanism 13 is moved horizontally together with the described frame of mobility framework 15, in the inside of mobility framework 15 The hoistable platform 20 that can be moved up and down along it is installed, the bottom of described hoistable platform 20 passes through scissors mechanism 18 and Timing Belt Installed about 17 with mechanical gripping setting stick.
Further, pacify described horizontal running mechanism 13, including transport frame, the bottom of described transport frame Equipped with wheel 12, described wheel 12 can together be moved along described guide rail 8;Tooth bar 9 is installed in the described side of guide rail 8, Described tooth bar 9 is engaged with gear 10, and described gear 10 drives it to rotate by horizontal drive apparatus 22, and gear 10 and level are driven Dynamic device is fixed on transport frame, drives transport frame to move together.
Further, the inboard, upright in described mobility framework is provided with upright slide rail 11, on the described slide rail Vertical 11 are provided with the two-sided rack 21, and described the two-sided rack 21 is engaged with gear train 19, and described gear train 19 is driven by lifting Dynamic device 16 drives its rotation, and lifting drive 16 and gear are arranged on hoistable platform 15, and drive hoistable platform is about 15 It is mobile.
Further, synchronous pulley 14 is arranged on hoistable platform, can together be moved with hoistable platform, and described same Step is fixed on the side wall of main frame with one end, and the other end bypasses the synchronous pulley on hoistable platform top and mechanical gripping setting stick connects Connect, because the up and down motion of hoistable platform 15 is so as to drive handgrip disk to be moved with 2 times of speed of hoistable platform.
Further, described scissors mechanism 18 is cut bar unit head and the tail and is connected and composed by multistage, cuts bar unit basic structure It is that a pair of bars are located therein entreating the pivot of position to be coupled to each other by one, two bars only can just give axle side around the axle To plane motion, its major function ensures stability of the handgrip disk in lifting and walking process.
The horizontal servo Motor drive decelerator rotation of conveying device is lifted, control transport vehicle is coordinated by gear and tooth bar Walking position;Vertical servo Motor drive decelerator is rotated, and hoistable platform is driven in vertical direction by the cooperation of gear, tooth bar Upper motion, one end of Timing Belt is fixed on the side wall lower ends of hoistable platform, and the other end bypasses hoistable platform top and joins with handgrip disk Connect;Because the up and down motion of hoistable platform is so as to drive handgrip disk to be moved with 2 times of speed of hoistable platform.
As shown in figure 3, the structure of mechanical gripping setting stick is as shown in figure 3, including a handgrip pallet 28, in described handgrip support Disk 28 is provided with multiple mechanical grippers 25, and multiple steam lines 23, described air supply pipe are provided with described handgrip pallet 28 Road 23 connects source of the gas, is described mechanical gripper supply, and pressure-reducing valve 27 is provided with steam line;On described handgrip pallet The sensor 24 of the height for sensing material is installed.
Further, mechanical gripper includes a base plate 42, grapple cylinder 30 is provided with described base plate 42 and is risen Sending down abnormally ascending cylinder 31, described lift cylinder 31 drives described base plate 42 to move up and down;Described grapple cylinder 30 drives a tooth Bar is moved up and down, and described tooth bar is engaged with two gears for being located at its both sides, is specifically shown in rack-and-pinion 32;And two gear rotations Turn in opposite direction, the anglec of rotation is identical;Two described gears drive two rotary shaft rotations, in the rotary shaft 41 described in two Multigroup pneumatic grapple 44 is provided with, multigroup pneumatic grapple 44 rotates with described rotary shaft, realizes the folding of pneumatic grapple; Described base plate is provided with the deep-slotted chip breaker coordinated with grapple.
Further, described pneumatic grapple includes four groups, and every group includes two hooks, and one of hook is arranged on rotation On rotating shaft I, another hook is arranged on rotary shaft II, and two hooks are symmetrical;Wherein two groups hooks are arranged on two The two ends of rotary shaft, two groups of hooks are installed in the both sides of lift cylinder in addition.
Further, described grapple 44 uses spring steel.
Further, grapple cylinder supports frame is fixed with described base plate 42, for supporting fixed grapple cylinder.
Further, grapple cylinder supports frame is fixed with base plate 42, for supporting fixed grapple cylinder, support frame to be It is made up of riser III43, riser II39 and a level board 29.
Further, lift cylinder is fixed in fixed plate 34, and guide post 36, institute are provided with described fixed plate 34 The guide post 36 stated is connected on described base plate 42 through fairlead 33, fixed plate 34, handgrip pallet.The piston of lift cylinder Bar is connected by connecting rod 38 with base plate 20.
Guide rod seat 16 is installed on described base plate 20.
Two rotary shafts sequentially pass through riser III43, riser II39, riser I 35, and are fixed by bearing 40.
As shown in Figure 5, Figure 6, the design of grapple structure aims at the crawl of raw material bag and designs, including fixed seat 45 and circle Arc hook 46;Because container packing bag is softer, and with certain toughness, but material easily lumps, and hardness is very high, therefore The institution requests of grapple have certain rigidity, while ensure that grapple prevents material from dropping when crawl, when opening Material bag can smoothly come off.Therefore the material of grapple uses spring steel, and structure uses arc form, the folding track of grapple and The circular arc of grapple is concentric circles.
The specific course of work is as follows:
To be applicable the material that material five spends pile stacking mode, mechanical gripper is made up of multigroup module, uses pneumatic control. Appropriate increase and decrease can be carried out according to the stacking mode of material.Mechanical gripper tray installs multigroup handgrip unit, and each unit has many The grapple crawl of group arc structure, placement material.Lift cylinder controls the lifting of handgrip unit, and the air pressure of decline is adjustable, makes Can connecing for each handgrip unit preferably touches material bag, and grapple is connected in rotary shaft by being bonded, and every rotary shaft is consolidated Fixed four grapples, cylinder is initially located in the state of stretching out, and grapple is in deployed position, by connecting the two-sided rack, tooth bar and two Gear is engaged, reciprocating motion of the cylinder with carry-over bar, passes to gear, two gear direction of rotation conversely, the anglec of rotation is identical, Reciprocal rotary motion is synchronized by two axles that rotarily drive of gear, the folding of grapple is realized.
Whole handgrip disk controls to lift by elevating mechanism, and when handgrip disk falls, by photoelectric sensor, control is whole The drop-off positions of handgrip disk, when sensor sensing to material, handgrip disk stops, and lift cylinder stretches out, and connects each unit baseboard Contact material.Grapple cylinders retract, makes grapple be rotatably inserted into the middle of material bag, and last lift cylinder resets, and elevating mechanism will Whole handgrip disk lifting.Grapple can grasp material and the station specified is transported to by travelling bogie.When grapple cylinder is stretched again When going out, grapple is reversely rotated, material bag Automatic-falling.
2) briquetting station 2
Carried out for hardened more serious material first broken, material is become more loose.Use hydraulic system Material is crushed with bar linkage structure;Concrete structure is side position briquetting device 2-1, including a chassis 48, described Chassis 48 top it is symmetrical be provided with multiple platens 52, be connected with chassis positioned at the one end in outside in multiple platens 52, with this The relative other end in end is free end, and the top of each platen 52 is connected with drive device, and platen is driven by drive device It is vertical or parallel with the top surface on chassis with respect to chassis, complete the attrition crushing to material.
Motion mode:Hydraulic cylinder is in retracted mode, and platen is in plumbness, when lump material is put on chassis, liquid Cylinder pressure starts, and with the elongation of hydraulic stem, connecting rod II moves in a circle, and drivening rod I motions, connecting rod I promotes platen with bearing For rotary shaft moves in a circle, hydraulic cylinder is reached capacity stroke and pressure after platen rotates to 90 degree, and completion is squeezed to material Crush broken.
Further, the rectangular distribution of multiple platens 52;And the area sum of the working face of multiple platens is just or slightly The small face area in chassis.The number of platen is four, four rectangular distributions of platen;Four working faces of platen The area sum just or slightly less than face area on chassis.
It can be designed to 2, or 6 etc., it is designed according to actual requirement of engineering.
Further, each platen drives at least through a set of drive device, and often covering drive device includes a hydraulic cylinder 50th, connecting rod I49 and connecting rod II51, the cylinder part of hydraulic cylinder 50 is fixed on support, and one end of connecting rod II51 is connected to platen On, the piston rod of other end connection liquid cylinder pressure, one end of described connecting rod I40 is connected on framework, and the other end of connecting rod I40 connects Connect on the piston rod.
Further, hinge seat 53 is fixed with chassis, pressing 54 is installed on described platen, the pressure equipped with pressing 54 Disk is arranged on hinge seat 53.
Further, one end of the cylinder body of hydraulic cylinder and connecting rod I are connected respectively on framework by rocker bar bearing.
Further, between connecting rod I and piston rod, between connecting rod II and platen and piston rod, connected by straight pin Connect.Certainly above-mentioned hydraulic cylinder can be replaced as cylinder.
Briquetting station uses four groups of design of platens in the present invention, the area of briquetting is covered whole briquetting station, by In the limitation in bale breaker space, therefore by the way of the position briquetting of side, while ensureing to have enough pressure and rigidity, it is desirable to tie Structure is simple, and installing space is small, therefore briquetting device is to use quadric chain, is driven with hydraulic pressure, side position briquetting.
The device adjusts the length and pressure of each connecting rod, to reach briquetting according to the size and caking hardness of material bag Effect.
The device according to installing space, can adjust the installation site of hinge, the length of hydraulic cylinder, Structure adaptation scope Extensively, can be used for linear motion and be changed into rotational motion mechanism.
3) unpack station 3
Lifting conveying device crawl material reaches the top for shaking thick stick quickly through cutter, and cutter cuts material bag bottom, Then linear motion is moved back and forth by shaking thick stick, material bag is dialed, it is ensured that the material in raw material bag is shaken off totally.In material Second-time breakage is carried out in bucket to material, material is fractured into the size that can be come into operation.Then conveying device is passed through by material It is transported to chip sorting station.
Wherein cutter sweep 3-1 is as shown in Figure 8:Driven by motor reducer, drive a multigroup cutter at high speeds rotation Turn, complete the cutting to material bag bottom;Specifically include motor reducer 59, described motor reducer 59 drives a rotation Rotating shaft 58 is rotated, and cutter 57 is provided with described rotary shaft 58, and cutter 57 is arranged on spacer, and the two ends of rotary shaft pass through Bearing 55 is supported.
3-3 is as shown in Figure 9 for Huang Gang mechanisms:Eccentric wheel 64 is driven to rotate by motor reducer 65, eccentric wheel 64 drives and connects Bar 63 moves linearly, the connection framework 60 of connecting rod 63, and is provided with sliding block in the bottom of framework 60, and described sliding block is along described Guide rail 62 move back and forth;So that straight reciprocating motion is done by whole Huang Gang mechanisms.
Shown in crushing mechanism 3-2 and hopper Figure 10:Crushing mechanism uses oppositely rolling roller crusher structure, and material is broken It is broken.Hopper:It is poor from prevalence because the characteristic of material has certain viscosity, while limited by installation space, Vibrator is used on the wall of hopper four, contributes to material quickly to fall;Specifically include framework 66, gear train 67, twin rollers Structure 68, bearing block 69, drive device 70, bucket case bearing 71, bucket case 72, vibrator 73;Bucket case bearing 71 is installed in bucket case 72 bottom, And bucket case 72 is arranged on framework 66 by vibrator 73, the bottom of the case that struggles against is provided with twin rollers structure 68, and drive device 70 drives Twin rollers structure 68.
4) chip sorting station 6
Material understands the nylon chip containing woven bag after unpacking and crushing in material, if chip will into production process The quality of product can be influenceed, therefore chip is removed from material.
Using linear vibrating screen, selection mesh number screen cloth (size of mesh is more bigger than material particles) higher enters material Row screening, during screening, the material and chip of bulk stay in screen cloth top, are transported to inlet scoop, because chip is lighter, The air quantity of centrifugal fan is adjusted, chip can be suctioned out, be pipelined in the collecting box of sealing.Remaining thing Material is transported to feed opening.Vibratory sieve and induced-draught fan are controlled using variable-frequency motor, can be adjusted according to material of different nature Shake the screening production capacity and suction air volume of sieve.(such as Figure 11)
Chip sorting unit, including a linear vibrating screen 74, are provided with and it at the top of described linear vibrating screen 74 The cyclone channel 75 that inside communicates, described cyclone channel 75 is connected with a blower fan 76, and described blower fan 76 is further through pipe Road is connected with debris collection 77.
Further, described vibratory sieve and induced-draught fan are controlled using variable-frequency motor.
Further, described debris collection is welded on the side of described linear vibrating screen, and top is provided with a lid Body, described lid is provided with a pipeline connector, sets the purpose of lid primarily to dust-proof.
Further, the width of mesh of the screen cloth of described linear vibrating screen is more bigger than the particle of material.
Further, multilayer screen cloth is provided with described linear vibrating screen, cyclone channel is equipped with the top of every layer of screen cloth, Each cyclone channel connects a blower fan, and multiple blower fans are connected by pipeline with a debris collection;By setting multi-deck screen Net, multiple air channels come realize different requirements material sort.
Further, described multiple blower fans can also each arrange a debris collection, realize dividing for different chips Class is collected.
Further, the different material of the specific gravity of separation, can according to the size of production capacity, and material proportion, adjustment shakes sieve Form (circular screen, swinging screen etc.) and appearance and size.
Further, can be adsorbed using the blower fan of different suction sizes according to the difference of the proportion of sorting material.
5) collection bag station 4
Woven bag is collected arrangement.(such as Figure 12), it is specific include collecting basket 78, sensor 79, closing device 80, Framework 81, push away bagging apparatus 82, material bag buffer area 83;The top of framework 84 is material bag buffer area 83, and centre is to push away bagging apparatus, when When the sack that sensor 79 detects buffer area has reached certain quantity, push away bagging apparatus and sack is pushed to from closing device Collect inframe.
6) ton bag is unpacked station 5
Material for ton bag packaging carries out operation of unpacking.By way of rotation, toppled over material bag, it is not necessary to (packaging bag recoverable) is destroyed to material bag, while automated job is realized, improve production efficiency.
The upper discharge position of ton bag in the ton job contract position of equipment tail end, wrap after mouth is opened and be put into lower tray, by hydraulic pressure by ton Device is promoted to ton to be wrapped mouth and touches mounting plate, and persistent pressure makes the vertical columns of top tray withstand a ton bag, then passes through Motor reducer drives upper and lower supporter dribbling animal material to be rotated, and starts to topple over material, is fixed on when pallet rotates to 180 degree The hydraulic cylinder of top tray is stretched out, and material strip is ejected upwards, and with the elongation of hydraulic cylinder, material will also topple over completion, then hydraulic pressure Cylinder is shunk, and pallet is reversely rotated to raw bits, and lower tray declines, and takes out material bag, carries out next circulation.Lower tray and top bag Device all selects hydraulic power, the effect of material stroke attrition crushing that can be to luming, while increasing thick stick in top tray both sides Linkage, is also that, by hydraulic-driven, material is patted and extruded, in material is smoothly dropped down onto hopper down, thing Expect the crushing mechanism by hopper by Belt Conveying to discharging opening.Ton bag is unpacked shown in device (such as Figure 13), including:Framework 84th, lifting hydraulic cylinder 85, top bag hydraulic cylinder 86, top tray 87, rotating driving device 88, lower tray 89, breaker 90, blanking Bucket 91, guide post 92, extruding hydraulic cylinder 93, lever 94, extruding disk 95;Specific connected mode is as follows:
A hopper 8 is provided with framework 1, the subiculum for holding ton bag is provided with the top of described hopper 8 Disk 6, be additionally provided with the bottom of hopper 8 carries out broken breaker to material;
Further, the pressurizing unit extruded ton bag is also equipped with described framework.
Further, described pressurizing unit includes two extruding disks, by extruding hydraulic cylinder phase between two extruding disks Even, two extruding disks motions of driving when hydraulic cylinder stretches out are being extruded, the extruding to ton bag is being realized, by the lump pressure in ton bag It is broken.
Further, two described extruding disks are separately positioned on the both sides of ton bag.
Further, described lifting drive includes two hydraulic cylinders, and the cylinder body of two hydraulic cylinders is fixed on framework On, the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder is connected in lower tray.
Further, described top bag mechanism includes top bag hydraulic cylinder, and the cylinder body of described top bag hydraulic cylinder is vertical to be consolidated It is scheduled on platen, piston rod is used in upper platen and after pushing disc spins 180 degree, by ton bag jack-up.
Further, the guide post being fixed on framework is provided with the outside of described upper platen and lower wall, in pressing disc During up and down motion, pressing disc is oriented to.
Further, be additionally provided with the bottom of described hopper carries out broken breaker to material.
Further, vertical columns are provided with the bottom of described upper platen, for withstanding a ton bag.
Specific method of work is as follows:
Lower tray under the driving of lifting drive under fall extreme lower position, ton bag is put into lower tray, pass through Lifting drive is promoted to ton bag and touches top tray, and persistent pressure makes the vertical columns of top tray withstand a ton bag, then Drive upper and lower supporter dribbling animal material to be rotated together by rotating driving device, start to hopper introversion material;
The top bag mechanism that top tray is fixed on when top tray rotates to 180 degree is stretched out, and ton bag is ejected upwards, with The elongation of bag mechanism is pushed up, material will also topple over completions, then push up bag mechanism contraction, top tray and lower tray are reversely rotated to original Position, lower tray declines, and takes out empty ton bag, carries out next circulation.
Lower tray and top bagging apparatus all select hydraulic power, can play the role of certain attrition crushing to the material for luming, Increase leverage and extruding disk in top tray both sides simultaneously, be also, by hydraulic-driven, material to be patted and is extruded, make Material can be dropped down onto smoothly down in hopper, and material is by the crushing mechanism of hopper by Belt Conveying to discharging opening.
6) servicing unit
In the present invention in addition to including above-mentioned device, also including the device that some are aided in, such as dust arrester, framework, Bag weaved collecting cart, backplate, Hydraulic Station, air control unit, electrical control cabinet, guidance panel, monitoring system.
Although above-mentioned be described with reference to accompanying drawing to specific embodiment of the invention, not to present invention protection model The limitation enclosed, one of ordinary skill in the art should be understood that on the basis of technical scheme those skilled in the art are not Need the various modifications made by paying creative work or deformation still within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of novel intelligent bale breaker, it is characterised in that including a main frame, two are provided with described main frame Be placed on material bag on briquetting device by set material conveyor, a set of material conveyor, and described briquetting device is to material Hardened piece in bag carries out first broken, material is become more loose;Another material conveyor is by material bag from briquetting The top for reaching rolling thick stick quickly through the cutter being arranged on main frame on device is dialed to material, it is ensured that in raw material bag Material is shaken off totally, and hopper is provided with below described rolling thick stick, carries out second-time breakage to material in hopper, and material is broken The size that can be come into operation is broken into, chip sorting unit, described chip point are then transported material to by conveying device After screening device is sorted to material, final material is obtained.
2. a kind of novel intelligent bale breaker as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described novel intelligent bale breaker Also unpacked device including a ton bag, described ton bag unpacks device for being unpacked to big material bag;It is arranged on main frame On frame, including a branch framework, a hopper is provided with described branch framework, it is provided with use above described hopper In the lower tray for holding ton bag, described lower tray can move up and down under the driving of lifting drive, described The top tray on framework is provided with above lower tray, the top bag machine that can be stretched up and down is provided with described top tray Structure, rotating driving device is provided with the both sides of framework, and the output end of described rotating driving device is fixed on described top tray On, after top tray and subiculum chuck clamping ton bag, drive top tray and lower tray to rotate together by rotating driving device.
3. a kind of novel intelligent bale breaker as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that also installed on described branch framework There is the pressurizing unit extruded ton bag;Described pressurizing unit includes two extruding disks, passes through between two extruding disks Extruding hydraulic cylinder is connected, and two extruding disk motions are driven when hydraulic cylinder stretches out extruding, and realizes the extruding to ton bag, and ton is wrapped Lump crushing in bag.
4. a kind of novel intelligent bale breaker as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described briquetting device includes Be horizontally set on the chassis on main frame, described chassis top it is symmetrical be provided with multiple platens, be located in multiple platens The one end in outside is connected with chassis, and the other end relative with the end is filled to be connected with driving at the top of free end, and each platen Put, drive platen vertical or parallel with the top surface on chassis with respect to chassis by drive device, complete the attrition crushing to material.
5. a kind of novel intelligent bale breaker as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that described drive device is included at least A set of, often covering drive device includes hydraulic cylinder, connecting rod I and a connecting rod II, and the cylinder part of hydraulic cylinder is fixed on support, even One end of bar II is connected on platen, the piston rod of other end connection liquid cylinder pressure, and one end of described connecting rod I is connected to framework On, the other end connection of connecting rod I is on the piston rod.
6. a kind of novel intelligent bale breaker as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in described material conveyor bag Horizontal running mechanism and mobility framework are included, guide rail is installed on the outside of the main frame, at the top of described mobility framework The horizontal running mechanism moved horizontally along guide rail is connected with, horizontal running mechanism is moved with described mobility framework together level It is dynamic, the hoistable platform that can be moved up and down along it is installed in the inside of mobility framework, the bottom of described hoistable platform passes through to cut Fork mechanism and Timing Belt are installed up and down with mechanical gripping setting stick.
7. a kind of novel intelligent bale breaker as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that described mechanical gripping setting stick includes Individual handgrip pallet, multiple mechanical grippers are provided with described handgrip pallet, and multiple supply are provided with described handgrip pallet Pipeline, described steam line connection source of the gas is described mechanical gripper supply.
8. a kind of novel intelligent bale breaker as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that described mechanical gripper includes Base plate, is provided with grapple cylinder and lift cylinder on described base plate, and described lift cylinder drives described base plate upper and lower Motion;Described one tooth bar of grapple air cylinder driven is moved up and down, and described tooth bar is engaged with two gears for being located at its both sides, And two gear direction of rotation are conversely, the anglec of rotation is identical;Two described gears drive two rotary shaft rotations, in two institutes The rotary shaft stated is provided with multigroup grapple, and multigroup grapple rotates with described rotary shaft, realizes the folding of pneumatic grapple;Institute The base plate stated is provided with the deep-slotted chip breaker coordinated with grapple.
9. a kind of novel intelligent bale breaker as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that described grapple includes four groups, often Group includes two hooks, and one of hook is arranged on rotary shaft I, and another hook is arranged on rotary shaft II, and two Hook is symmetrical;Wherein two groups hooks are arranged on two two ends of rotary shaft, and two groups of hooks are arranged on lift cylinder in addition Both sides.
10. a kind of novel intelligent bale breaker as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described chip sorting unit, bag A linear vibrating screen is included, the cyclone channel communicated with inside it, described rotation are provided with the top of described linear vibrating screen Wind passage is connected with a blower fan, and described blower fan is connected further through pipeline with debris collection.
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