CN106907808A - Mechanical refrigeration combined type domestic air conditioning is cooled down with reference to the evaporation of condensing hot air furnace - Google Patents

Mechanical refrigeration combined type domestic air conditioning is cooled down with reference to the evaporation of condensing hot air furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106907808A
CN106907808A CN201710103149.6A CN201710103149A CN106907808A CN 106907808 A CN106907808 A CN 106907808A CN 201710103149 A CN201710103149 A CN 201710103149A CN 106907808 A CN106907808 A CN 106907808A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
condenser
combined type
air
air conditioning
mechanical refrigeration
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710103149.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄翔
武以闯
杜冬阳
杨立然
李婷婷
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Xian Polytechnic University
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Xian Polytechnic University
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xian Polytechnic University filed Critical Xian Polytechnic University
Priority to CN201710103149.6A priority Critical patent/CN106907808A/en
Publication of CN106907808A publication Critical patent/CN106907808A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0007Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/06Separate outdoor units, e.g. outdoor unit to be linked to a separate room comprising a compressor and a heat exchanger
    • F24F1/42Separate outdoor units, e.g. outdoor unit to be linked to a separate room comprising a compressor and a heat exchanger characterised by the use of the condensate, e.g. for enhanced cooling
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/22Means for preventing condensation or evacuating condensate
    • F24F13/222Means for preventing condensation or evacuating condensate for evacuating condensate
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0007Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning
    • F24F5/0035Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning using evaporation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/22Means for preventing condensation or evacuating condensate
    • F24F13/222Means for preventing condensation or evacuating condensate for evacuating condensate
    • F24F2013/225Means for preventing condensation or evacuating condensate for evacuating condensate by evaporating the condensate in the cooling medium, e.g. in air flow from the condenser

Abstract

The evaporation cooling mechanical refrigeration combined type domestic air conditioning of combination condensing hot air furnace disclosed by the invention, including the indoor set and outdoor unit that are connected by pipe network structure, outdoor unit is specially indoor evaporator, outdoor unit includes that side wall is provided with the housing of air inlet, screen pack, metal tube, direct evaporating-cooling unit, condenser and blower fan are sequentially distributed according to air intake direction in housing, condenser is connected to form closed-loop path with compressor, choke valve.Air-conditioning of the present invention is combined using evaporation cooling with mechanical refrigeration, and direct evaporating-cooling unit was provided with before condenser, makes full use of " dry air energy " in air to carry out hot and humid area, can significantly improve the radiating efficiency of condenser;Air-conditioning of the present invention condensed water is passed through outdoor unit in metal tube in, take full advantage of condensed water to be lowered into the air themperature of outdoor unit, and then increase the heat dissipation capacity of condenser, improve the radiating efficiency of condenser, improve the Energy Efficiency Ratio of domestic air conditioning.

Description

With reference to the evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration combined type domestic air conditioning of condensing hot air furnace
Technical field
The invention belongs to air conditioner technical field, and in particular to a kind of evaporation cooling-machinery of combination condensing hot air furnace Refrigeration combined type domestic air conditioning.
Background technology
Nowadays, in summer, condenser is lowered the temperature by the way of forced convection more than home-use outdoor machine of air-conditioner, due to the summer Season, outside air temperature was higher, can even reach 40 degrees Celsius sometimes, therefore, not only result in condenser radiating effect often not Enough ideals, also result in the reduction of domestic air conditioning Energy Efficiency Ratio, power consumption increase.Existing Summer Indoor machine drops to room air Wen Shi, can typically produce condensed water, and because condensate temperature is relatively low, it is that one kind of cold is wasted it directly to be arranged to outdoor. Therefore the cold for improving condenser radiating efficiency and recycling in condensed water is necessary.
The content of the invention
A kind of evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration combined type family expenses it is an object of the invention to provide combination condensing hot air furnace are empty Adjust, solve existing domestic air conditioning when refrigeration is used, the problem that outdoor machine of air-conditioner radiating effect is poor, power consumption is big.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is, with reference to the evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration combined type family expenses of condensing hot air furnace Air-conditioning, including the indoor set and outdoor unit being connected by pipe network structure, indoor set are specially indoor evaporator, and outdoor unit includes Side wall is provided with the housing of air inlet, housing and has been sequentially distributed screen pack, metal tube, direct evaporating-cooling according to air intake direction Unit, condenser and blower fan, condenser are connected to form closed-loop path with compressor, choke valve.
The features of the present invention is also resided in,
If metal tube include positioned at top metal tube water inlet, positioned at bottom and pass housing metal tube delivery port and The dry component of stepped arrangement, the metal tube in each component is in continuous " S " shape arrangement.
Metal tube water inlet is connected by pipeline c with indoor evaporator.
Also it is arranged with multiple fins on condenser in parallel.
Pipe network structure includes pipeline a, and indoor evaporator in turn switches on compressor and condenser by pipeline a;Condenser leads to Piping b in turn switches on choke valve and indoor evaporator.
Direct evaporating-cooling unit includes plant fiber stuffing, and plant fiber stuffing bottom is provided with cyclic water tank, circulates Water tank connect positioned at plant fiber stuffing side wall water filling device, cyclic water tank also with extend to the modeling at the top of plant fiber stuffing Material water distributor is connected, and water circulating pump is additionally provided with plastics water distributor.
Plastics water distributor at the top of plant fiber stuffing is in continuous " S " shape arrangement, and is also evenly distributed with thereon Several are towards the lower aperture of plant fiber stuffing.
Water filling device includes water storage box, and retaining chamber interior wall is connected with plastic support frame, water outlet is provided with plastic support frame Mouthful, water storage box bottom and cyclic water tank are connected and are provided with lever at connection, lever one end stretch into cyclic water tank and Termination connects ball float, and the lever other end is provided with serum cap, and serum cap is embedded in delivery port, water storage box top be additionally provided with into The mouth of a river.
Serum cap is "working"-shaped.
The beneficial effect of combined type domestic air conditioning of the present invention is:
A) combined type domestic air conditioning of the present invention make use of indoor condensed water to be lowered into the air themperature of outdoor unit, and then Increase the heat dissipation capacity of condenser, it is to avoid indoor condensed water is expelled directly out the energy dissipation for causing, hence it is evident that improve dissipating for condenser The thermal efficiency, improves the Energy Efficiency Ratio of domestic air conditioning;
B) combined type domestic air conditioning of the present invention is combined using evaporation cooling with mechanical refrigeration, by direct evaporating-cooling list Unit makes full use of " the dry air energy " in air, and then reduces the air themperature for flowing through condenser, hence it is evident that improve dissipating for condenser The thermal efficiency, while improve the Energy Efficiency Ratio of domestic air conditioning;
C) combined type domestic air conditioning of the present invention uses the metal tube of particular design, the flowing by condensed water in metal tube Process, makes condensed water carry out contact heat-exchanging with high temperature outdoor air, reaches the effect of condensed water and outdoor air countercurrent flow, enters And both heat exchange efficiencies are improved, using heat transfer principle, with very strong practicality;
D) direct evaporating-cooling unit uses special ball float-lever water filling device in combined type domestic air conditioning of the present invention, The function of automatic water filling can be realized, simple structure, use cost is relatively low, with very strong practicality;
E) combined type domestic air conditioning direct evaporating-cooling unit of the present invention is using the plastics water distributor with lower aperture, circulation Water is dripped downwards by lower aperture under gravity, instead of the water-distributing devices such as nozzle, is reduced and is used the cost of equipment.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration combined type domestic air conditioning that the present invention combines condensing hot air furnace Figure;
Fig. 2 is the sectional view of B-B in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the sectional view of A-A in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the top view of the water distributor in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the front view of the water distributor in Fig. 1.
In figure, 1. screen pack, 2. metal tube, 3. metal tube water inlet, 4. plastics water distributor, 5. plant fiber stuffing, 6. Condenser, 7. fin, 8. blower fan, 9. choke valve, 10. compressor, 11. cyclic water tanks, 12. metal tube delivery ports, 13. recirculated waters Pump, 14. indoor evaporators, 15. ball floats, 16. delivery ports, 17. levers, 18. plastic support framves, 19. serum caps, 20. water storage boxes, 21. water inlets, 22. times apertures, 23. air inlets, 24. housings, 25. pipeline a, 26. pipeline b, 27. pipeline c.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.
Evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration combined type the domestic air conditioning of combination condensing hot air furnace of the invention, as shown in figure 1, bag The indoor set and outdoor unit being connected by pipe network structure are included, indoor set is specially indoor evaporator 14, and outdoor unit includes side wall It is provided with the housing 24 of air inlet 23, housing 24 and has been sequentially distributed screen pack 1, directly metal tube 2, evaporation according to air intake direction Cooling unit, condenser 6 and blower fan 8, condenser 6 are connected to form closed-loop path with compressor 10, choke valve 9.
As shown in Fig. 2 metal tube 2 includes metal tube water inlet 3 positioned at top, positioned at bottom and passes the gold of housing 24 Category pipe delivery port 12 and the component of several stepped arrangements, the metal tube 2 in each component is in continuous " S " shape row Row, condensed water flowing in metal tube 2, and then improve the heat exchange efficiency of condensed water and outdoor air.
Metal tube water inlet 3 is connected by pipeline c27 with indoor evaporator 14.
Also it is arranged with multiple fins 7 on condenser 6 in parallel, can increases heat transfer area using fin 7, reduce heat convection Thermal resistance, enhancing equipment heat-transfer capability.
Pipe network structure includes pipeline a25, and indoor evaporator 14 in turn switches on compressor 10 and condenser 6 by pipeline a25; Condenser 6 in turn switches on choke valve 9 and indoor evaporator 14 by pipeline b26.
As shown in figure 3, direct evaporating-cooling unit includes plant fiber stuffing 5, the bottom of plant fiber stuffing 5 is provided with to be followed Ring water tank 11, cyclic water tank 11 connect positioned at the side wall of plant fiber stuffing 5 water filling device, cyclic water tank 11 also with extend to plant The plastics water distributor 4 at the top of fibres filler 5 is connected, and water circulating pump 13 is additionally provided with plastics water distributor 4.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, the plastics water distributor 4 positioned at the top of plant fiber stuffing 5 is in continuous " S " shape arrangement, and Also be evenly distributed with several lower apertures 22 towards plant fiber stuffing 5 thereon, lower aperture 22 under gravity, it is low go out Water droplet.
Water filling device includes water storage box 20, and the inwall of water storage box 20 is connected with plastic support frame 18, is set on plastic support frame 18 It is equipped with delivery port 16, the bottom of water storage box 20 is connected with cyclic water tank 11 and is provided with lever 17, the one end of lever 17 at connection Stretch into cyclic water tank 11 and connect ball float 15 in termination, the other end of lever 17 is provided with serum cap 19, and serum cap 19 is embedded in In delivery port 16, the top of water storage box 20 is additionally provided with water inlet 21;Direct evaporating-cooling unit can constantly disappear in the process of running Consumption cyclic water tank 11 in water, when in cyclic water tank 11 water reduce when, ball float 15 in the presence of self gravitation and buoyancy, meeting As the water surface is reduced together, now the lever other end be upturned and can jack-up serum cap 19, now delivery port 16 open, water from Cyclic water tank 11 is flowed into water storage box 20, water level is raised, so moved in circles.
Serum cap 19 is "working"-shaped.
The course of work of combined type domestic air conditioning of the present invention:
Fresh air passes sequentially through air inlet 23, screen pack 1, metal tube 2, plant fiber stuffing 5 and the back blower fan 8 of condenser 6 From air outlet discharge.When plant fiber stuffing 5 is reached, the swabbing action of recirculated water in cyclic water tank 11 in water circulating pump 13 Under, it is promoted in plastics water distributor 4, plant fiber stuffing 5 is dropped to by the lower aperture 22 on plastics water distributor 4 downwards In, hot and humid area is carried out with air in plant fiber stuffing 5, air themperature is reduced, last recirculated water is under gravity Cyclic water tank 11 is flowed downwardly into, cyclic water tank 11 carries out runoff investigation by water filling device;At the same time, when in the hot summer Season, indoor evaporator 14 can be condensed into aqueous water, and aqueous water is flowed into metal tube 2 by pipeline a27, through metal tube water inlet 3, Heat exchange is carried out with air in metal tube 2, air themperature is reduced, last condensed water is discharged through metal tube delivery port 12;When When air reaches condenser 6, be compressed into gaseous refrigerant by the radiating and cooling of condenser 6 by compressor 10, subsequently flows into Choke valve 9, evaporator 14 is got in after being throttled through choke valve 9, and the inner refrigerant of evaporator 14 absorbs room heat, system indoors Cryogen is changed into gaseous state from liquid, last to be sucked back by compressor 10 again, moves in circles.
Combined type domestic air conditioning of the present invention is combined using evaporation cooling with mechanical refrigeration, is provided with before condenser 6 Direct evaporating-cooling unit, makes full use of " dry air energy " in air to carry out hot and humid area, and then condenser 6 is flowed through in reduction Air themperature, can significantly improve the radiating efficiency of condenser 6, improve the Energy Efficiency Ratio of domestic air conditioning;Combined type family expenses of the present invention Air-conditioning condensed water is passed through outdoor unit in metal tube in, condensed water is taken full advantage of to be lowered into the Air Temperature of outdoor unit Degree, and then increase the heat dissipation capacity of condenser 6, the radiating efficiency of condenser 6 is improve, improve the Energy Efficiency Ratio of domestic air conditioning.

Claims (9)

1. the evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration combined type domestic air conditioning of condensing hot air furnace is combined, it is characterised in that including by pipe network Indoor set and outdoor unit that structure is connected, indoor set are specially indoor evaporator (14), and described outdoor unit sets including side wall Be equipped with the housing (24) of air inlet (23), in housing (24) according to air intake direction be sequentially distributed screen pack (1), metal tube (2), Direct evaporating-cooling unit, condenser (6) and blower fan (8), condenser (6) are connected to form with compressor (10), choke valve (9) Closed-loop path.
2. the evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration combined type domestic air conditioning of combination condensing hot air furnace according to claim 1, it is special Levy and be, described metal tube (2) is including the metal tube water inlet (3) positioned at top, positioned at bottom and passes housing (24) Metal tube delivery port (12) and the component of several stepped arrangements, the metal tube (2) in each component is in continuous " S " Shape is arranged.
3. the evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration combined type domestic air conditioning of combination condensing hot air furnace according to claim 2, it is special Levy and be, described metal tube water inlet (3) is connected by pipeline c (27) and indoor evaporator (14).
4. the evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration combined type domestic air conditioning of combination condensing hot air furnace according to claim 1, it is special Levy and be, multiple fins (7) are also arranged with parallel on described condenser (6).
5. the evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration combined type domestic air conditioning of combination condensing hot air furnace according to claim 1, it is special Levy and be, described pipe network structure includes pipeline a (25), and described indoor evaporator (14) is in turn switched on by pipeline a (25) Compressor (10) and condenser (6);Described condenser (6) in turn switches on choke valve (9) and indoor evaporation by pipeline b (26) Device (14).
6. the evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration combined type domestic air conditioning of combination condensing hot air furnace according to claim 1, it is special Levy and be, described direct evaporating-cooling unit includes plant fiber stuffing (5), and plant fiber stuffing (5) bottom is provided with to be followed Ring water tank (11), cyclic water tank (11) connects the water filling device positioned at plant fiber stuffing (5) side wall, described cyclic water tank (11) also it is connected with the plastics water distributor (4) extended at the top of plant fiber stuffing (5), plastics water distributor also sets up on (4) There is water circulating pump (13).
7. the evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration combined type domestic air conditioning of combination condensing hot air furnace according to claim 6, it is special Levy and be, the plastics water distributor (4) at the top of described plant fiber stuffing (5) is arranged in continuous " S " shape, and thereon also It is evenly distributed with several lower apertures (22) towards plant fiber stuffing (5).
8. the evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration combined type domestic air conditioning of combination condensing hot air furnace according to claim 6, it is special Levy and be, described water filling device includes water storage box (20), and water storage box (20) inwall is connected with plastic support frame (18), plastics branch Delivery port (16) is provided with support (18), described water storage box (20) bottom is connected and at connection with cyclic water tank (11) Lever (17) is provided with, lever (17) one end is stretched into cyclic water tank (11) and connects ball float (15) in termination, and lever (17) is another One end is provided with serum cap (19), and serum cap (19) is embedded in delivery port (16), and described water storage box (20) top also sets up There is water inlet (21).
9. the evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration combined type domestic air conditioning of combination condensing hot air furnace according to claim 8, it is special Levy and be, described serum cap (19) is "working"-shaped.
CN201710103149.6A 2017-02-24 2017-02-24 Mechanical refrigeration combined type domestic air conditioning is cooled down with reference to the evaporation of condensing hot air furnace Pending CN106907808A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710103149.6A CN106907808A (en) 2017-02-24 2017-02-24 Mechanical refrigeration combined type domestic air conditioning is cooled down with reference to the evaporation of condensing hot air furnace

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107192068A (en) * 2017-07-23 2017-09-22 刘开南 A kind of Novel pipe type cooling fan
CN107314517A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-11-03 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Air conditioner and its efficiency computational methods
CN107917486A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-04-17 新奥泛能网络科技股份有限公司 Air conditioner
CN109425063A (en) * 2017-08-31 2019-03-05 庆东纳碧安株式会社 Air conditioner
CN110006122A (en) * 2019-04-29 2019-07-12 河南城建学院 A kind of cold and hot exchange domestic air-conditioning system of rural area Bubbling method evaporation
CN110486856A (en) * 2019-08-02 2019-11-22 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 Air conditioner and its control method
CN112594914A (en) * 2020-12-20 2021-04-02 苏州市佳信美智能装备有限公司 Heat radiation structure of air conditioning unit

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CN201096396Y (en) * 2007-08-22 2008-08-06 黄军团 Energy-saving air conditioner possessing condensate water utilization device
CN104633813A (en) * 2015-01-12 2015-05-20 西安工程大学 Energy-saving evaporative cooling air-conditioning system combing rainwater recycling with roof water storage
GB2526094A (en) * 2014-05-13 2015-11-18 Arun Tamil Selvan Vijayakumar Air conditioners
CN205316555U (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-06-15 西安工程大学 Air conditioning unit is used in dry area based on evaporation cooling temperature humidity independent control

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2288215Y (en) * 1996-06-21 1998-08-19 彭立坤 Auto-controller for running water
CN201096396Y (en) * 2007-08-22 2008-08-06 黄军团 Energy-saving air conditioner possessing condensate water utilization device
GB2526094A (en) * 2014-05-13 2015-11-18 Arun Tamil Selvan Vijayakumar Air conditioners
CN104633813A (en) * 2015-01-12 2015-05-20 西安工程大学 Energy-saving evaporative cooling air-conditioning system combing rainwater recycling with roof water storage
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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107192068A (en) * 2017-07-23 2017-09-22 刘开南 A kind of Novel pipe type cooling fan
CN107314517A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-11-03 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Air conditioner and its efficiency computational methods
CN109425063A (en) * 2017-08-31 2019-03-05 庆东纳碧安株式会社 Air conditioner
US10823435B2 (en) 2017-08-31 2020-11-03 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Air conditioner
CN109425063B (en) * 2017-08-31 2021-02-26 庆东纳碧安株式会社 Air conditioner
CN107917486A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-04-17 新奥泛能网络科技股份有限公司 Air conditioner
CN110006122A (en) * 2019-04-29 2019-07-12 河南城建学院 A kind of cold and hot exchange domestic air-conditioning system of rural area Bubbling method evaporation
CN110486856A (en) * 2019-08-02 2019-11-22 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 Air conditioner and its control method
CN112594914A (en) * 2020-12-20 2021-04-02 苏州市佳信美智能装备有限公司 Heat radiation structure of air conditioning unit
CN112594914B (en) * 2020-12-20 2022-04-19 白军林 Heat radiation structure of air conditioning unit

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