CN104633813A - Energy-saving evaporative cooling air-conditioning system combing rainwater recycling with roof water storage - Google Patents

Energy-saving evaporative cooling air-conditioning system combing rainwater recycling with roof water storage Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104633813A
CN104633813A CN201510014515.1A CN201510014515A CN104633813A CN 104633813 A CN104633813 A CN 104633813A CN 201510014515 A CN201510014515 A CN 201510014515A CN 104633813 A CN104633813 A CN 104633813A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
energy
conditioning system
air
evaporative cooling
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201510014515.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104633813B (en
Inventor
黄翔
刘凯磊
薛运
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xian Polytechnic University
Original Assignee
Xian Polytechnic University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xian Polytechnic University filed Critical Xian Polytechnic University
Priority to CN201510014515.1A priority Critical patent/CN104633813B/en
Publication of CN104633813A publication Critical patent/CN104633813A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104633813B publication Critical patent/CN104633813B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0007Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning
    • F24F5/0035Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning using evaporation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/28Arrangement or mounting of filters

Abstract

The invention discloses an energy-saving evaporative cooling air-conditioning system combining rainwater recycling with roof water storage. The system comprises a split type air-conditioning outdoor unit connected with a water storage pond arranged on a roof of a building. According to the system, rainwater is recycled by means of the water storage pond arranged on the roof of the building to be used for refrigeration of the split type air-conditioning outdoor unit, refrigeration energy consumption of a traditional mechanical refrigeration air-conditioning system is reduced, and the cooling load of a room on the roof side is reduced; a packing type direct evaporative cooling unit is additionally arranged on the air inlet side of the split type air-conditioning outdoor unit to precool air, heat transfer temperature difference between air and a refrigerant is increased, and then the condensing temperature of an existing domestic split type air-conditioning air-cooled condenser is reduced and refrigerating cycle efficiency is improved.

Description

In conjunction with the energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of rainwater recycle, roofing retaining
Technical field
The invention belongs to air conditioner technical field, be specifically related to a kind of energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System in conjunction with rainwater recycle, roofing retaining.
Background technology
In recent years, along with the continuous quickening of Chinese Urbanization construction speed, urban heat land effect is particularly outstanding, the temperature in city is obviously raised, can have a strong impact on the heat exchange efficiency of Split type air conditioner outdoor machine condenser coil like this.
Evaporation cooling technique is that one utilizes dry air regenerative resource using water as cooling medium, by the air-conditioning technical that moisture evaporation endothermic cools air, evaporation cooling technique is applied to Split type air conditioner outdoor machine condenser coil place, precooling can be carried out to the air entering air-conditioner outdoor unit, not only can improve condenser heat exchange efficiency, urban heat land effect can also be weakened in subrange.
Nowadays there is the severe and serious deficient phenomenon of water resource of environmental pollution in China, when country vigorously advocates energy-saving and emission-reduction, if only using water as transpiration-cooled core cooling medium, a large amount of water resources will inevitably be consumed, cause waste; If rainwater natural for nature can be used, the situation of shortage of water resources can be extenuated, transpiration-cooled water consumption can be reduced again.Utilize in city on building roof and tank storage rainwater is set, can a large amount of open water supplies be collected, during the broiling summer, cooling load of air-condition can be reduced to a great extent; In addition, utilize building roof recovery rainwater can also improve the microenvironment in city to a certain extent, thus reduce urban heat land effect.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System in conjunction with rainwater recycle, roofing retaining, utilize the rainwater supply Split type air conditioner outdoor machine refrigeration reclaimed, reduce transpiration-cooled water consumption, add material filling type direct evaporating-cooling unit in the inlet side of Split type air conditioner outdoor machine and precooling is carried out to air, increase the heat transfer temperature difference of air and cold-producing medium.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is, in conjunction with the energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of rainwater recycle, roofing retaining, include Split type air conditioner outdoor machine, Split type air conditioner outdoor machine is connected with the cistern that building roof is arranged.
Feature of the present invention is also:
Split type air conditioner outdoor machine is wherein provided with multiple; Multiple Split type air conditioner outdoor machine is connected successively by drainpipe; Multiple Split type air conditioner outdoor machine is also connected with water main respectively by water supply arm, and water main is connected with cistern.
Split type air conditioner outdoor machine, includes machine unit shell, and the two side that machine unit shell is relative arranges air inlet, air outlet respectively; The inlet side of machine unit shell is provided with material filling type direct evaporating-cooling unit, is disposed with condenser and fan in machine unit shell by air-flow direction.
Condenser is condenser coil; Fan at least arranges one.
Material filling type direct evaporating-cooling unit, includes filler, and the top of filler is provided with water-locator; Water-locator is made up of water distributor and the water distributing pore that is evenly arranged at multiple downward spray on water distributor; Water distributor is connected with water supply arm; The below of filler is provided with catch basin, and catch basin is connected with drainpipe.
Water supply arm is pvc pipe.
Water-locator, filler and catch basin are all fixed on skin by support.
The junction of water main and cistern is provided with water filter.
What water main adopted is pvc pipe.
What water filter adopted is netted water filter.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
1) energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of the present invention adopts the mode of roofing retaining to reduce the refrigeration duty in room, side, roof, can decrease economic input for traditional mechanical refrigerated air-conditioning system; And by the water supply of open water supply (rainwater) for evaporation-cooled device, extenuate the deficiency that evaporation-cooled device water consumption is large.
2) energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of the present invention, utilize the feature that packing specific area is large, the air entering Split type air conditioner outdoor machine is made first after filler and the abundant heat exchange of moisture film are lowered the temperature, to enter condenser coil, thus increase the heat transfer temperature difference of air and cold-producing medium, and then reduce the condensation temperature of conventional domestic split-type air conditioner air cooled condenser, add the efficiency of kind of refrigeration cycle.
3) in energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of the present invention, water-distributing device relies on the gravitional force of rainwater to carry out top-down water distribution completely, eliminates the investment cost of water pump, economical and energy saving; And water flows to from top filler the cascade utilization that bottom filling achieves water resource successively.
4) energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of the present invention only need lay pipeline on the basis of existing equipment, increase direct evaporating-cooling filler, and utilize the blower fan on existing equipment, without the need to arranging power-equipment separately, having and saving energy consumption and the little feature of initial cost.
5) for the transformation of the building of original building enclosure heat insulating ability difference, if large area uses energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of the present invention can obviously improve city local microenvironment, and then urban heat land effect is weakened.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the side view of Split type air conditioner outdoor machine in the energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of material filling type direct evaporating-cooling unit in the energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of the present invention.
In figure, 1. water filter, 2. water main, 3. water supply arm, 4. water distributor, 5. water distributing pore, 6. filler, 7. cistern, 8. condenser, 9. fan, 10. catch basin, 11. drainpipes, 12. supports, 13. Split type air conditioner outdoor machines.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in detail.
The present invention is in conjunction with the energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of rainwater recycle, roofing retaining, and its structure as shown in Figure 1, includes Split type air conditioner outdoor machine 13, and Split type air conditioner outdoor machine 13 is connected with the cistern 7 that building roof is arranged.
Split type air conditioner outdoor machine 13 can be provided with multiple as required, when there being multiple Split type air conditioner outdoor machine 13, multiple Split type air conditioner outdoor machine 13 is connected successively by drainpipe 11, multiple Split type air conditioner outdoor machine 13 is also connected with water main 2 respectively by water supply arm 3, water main 2 is connected with cistern 7, and water main 2 is provided with water filter 1 with the junction of cistern 7; Water filter 1, for filtering rainwater, ensures the good by water water quality of filler 6.Water filter 1 adopts acid and alkali-resistance under normal temperature and is convenient to change the netted water filter of cleaning.
What water main 2 and water supply arm 3 all adopted is has strong Corrosion Protection and the moderate pvc pipe of bearing capacity.
Split type air conditioner outdoor machine 13, as shown in Figure 2, includes machine unit shell, and the two side that machine unit shell is relative is respectively arranged with air inlet, air outlet; The inlet side of machine unit shell is provided with material filling type direct evaporating-cooling unit, is disposed with condenser 8 and fan 9 in machine unit shell by air-flow direction.
Material filling type direct evaporating-cooling unit, as shown in Figure 2, include filler 6, the top of filler 6 is provided with water-locator; Water-locator is made up of water distributor 4 and the water distributing pore 5 that is evenly arranged at multiple downward spray on water distributor 4; Water distributor 4 is connected with water supply arm 3; The below of filler 6 is provided with catch basin 10, and catch basin 10 is connected with drainpipe 11.Catch basin 10 is positioned at immediately below filler 6, can better rainwater be reclaimed like this, so that for next stage material filling type direct evaporating-cooling unit, realize water resource cascade utilization.
Water-locator in material filling type direct evaporating-cooling unit, filler 6 and catch basin 10 are all fixed on skin by support 12.Support 12 all adopts stainless steel to make, for fixing and support machine unit shell, water distributor 4, filler 6 and catch basin 10.
What filler 6 wherein adopted is plant fiber stuffing, paper filler or fiber glass packing; Condenser 8 is condenser coil; According to actual needs, fan 9 can be provided with multiple.
The present invention is as follows in conjunction with the course of work of the energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of rainwater recycle, roofing retaining:
In the cistern 7 that rainwater storage is arranged on roof, cistern 7 is provided with water filter 1 with the junction of water main 2, the rainwater stored in cistern 7 is after water filter 1 filters, rely on the gravitional force of self to flow through water main 2, part inflow water supply arm 3 water-distributing device supplied in material filling type direct evaporating-cooling unit uses; Rainwater in water supply arm 3 flows through circular water distributing pore 5 and drenches filler 6 uniformly from top to bottom in water distributor 4, makes filler 6 surface form moisture film so that heat exchange abundant with air;
Outdoor air passes through the wetting passage of filler 6 and the abundant heat exchange of moisture film, after being cooled to air ' s wet bulb temperature, is pumped to condenser 8 place under the effect of fan 9;
Plunder condenser 8 outside this part air reaching its wet-bulb temperature through direct evaporating-cooling, heat convection occurs, is finally discharged outside Split type air conditioner outdoor machine 13;
Instill catch basin 10 downwards through the cooled rainwater of heat exchange, and continue to supply water to the filler 6 of next stage by the drainpipe 11 that catch basin 10 connects; Rainwater so supplies water from top to bottom successively, realizes water resource cascade utilization.
The present invention is that Split type air conditioner outdoor machine condenser coil heat exchange efficiency that, consume energy high and urban heat land effect large for city cooling in summer season cooling load of air-condition causes is low and propose in conjunction with the energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of rainwater recycle, roofing retaining; Utilize the cistern that building roof is arranged to reclaim rainwater supply Split type air conditioner outdoor machine 13 to freeze, not only reduce the energy consumption for cooling of traditional mechanical refrigerated air-conditioning system, also reduce the refrigeration duty in room, side, roof; In addition, add material filling type direct evaporating-cooling unit in the inlet side of Split type air conditioner outdoor machine 13 and precooling is carried out to air, increase the heat transfer temperature difference of air and cold-producing medium, and then reduce the condensation temperature of conventional domestic split-type air conditioner air cooled condenser, add the efficiency of kind of refrigeration cycle.

Claims (10)

1. in conjunction with the energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of rainwater recycle, roofing retaining, it is characterized in that, include Split type air conditioner outdoor machine (13), described Split type air conditioner outdoor machine (13) is connected with the cistern that building roof is arranged (7).
2. energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described Split type air conditioner outdoor machine (13) is provided with multiple;
Described multiple Split type air conditioner outdoor machine (13) is connected successively by drainpipe (11); Described multiple Split type air conditioner outdoor machine (13) is also connected with water main (2) respectively by water supply arm (3), and described water main (2) is connected with cistern (7).
3. energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described Split type air conditioner outdoor machine (13), includes machine unit shell, and the two side that described machine unit shell is relative arranges air inlet, air outlet respectively;
The inlet side of described machine unit shell is provided with material filling type direct evaporating-cooling unit, is disposed with condenser (8) and fan (9) in described machine unit shell by air-flow direction.
4. energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described condenser (8) is condenser coil; Described fan (9) at least arranges one.
5. energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described material filling type direct evaporating-cooling unit, includes filler (6), and the top of described filler (6) is provided with water-locator; Described water-locator is made up of water distributor (4) and the water distributing pore (5) that is evenly arranged at the upper multiple downward spray of water distributor (4); Described water distributor (4) is connected with water supply arm (3); The below of described filler (6) is provided with catch basin (10), and described catch basin (10) is connected with drainpipe (11).
6. the energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System according to claim 2 or 5, is characterized in that, described water supply arm (3) is pvc pipe.
7. energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described water-locator, filler (6) and catch basin (10) are all fixed on skin by support (12).
8. energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described water main (2) is provided with water filter (1) with the junction of cistern (7).
9. the energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System according to claim 2 or 8, is characterized in that, what described water main (2) adopted is pvc pipe.
10. energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System according to claim 8, is characterized in that, what described water filter (1) adopted is netted water filter.
CN201510014515.1A 2015-01-12 2015-01-12 With reference to rainwater recycle, the energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of roofing water storage Expired - Fee Related CN104633813B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510014515.1A CN104633813B (en) 2015-01-12 2015-01-12 With reference to rainwater recycle, the energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of roofing water storage

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510014515.1A CN104633813B (en) 2015-01-12 2015-01-12 With reference to rainwater recycle, the energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of roofing water storage

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104633813A true CN104633813A (en) 2015-05-20
CN104633813B CN104633813B (en) 2017-11-10

Family

ID=53212853

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510014515.1A Expired - Fee Related CN104633813B (en) 2015-01-12 2015-01-12 With reference to rainwater recycle, the energy-saving Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of roofing water storage

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104633813B (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105091167A (en) * 2015-08-24 2015-11-25 西安工程大学 Evaporative cooling air-conditioner wall system combined with solar energy and used for semi-open type restaurant
CN106642462A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-05-10 西安工程大学 Layered cooling type air conditioning system combining impounding reservoir temperature lowering and used for building with tall and large space
CN106907808A (en) * 2017-02-24 2017-06-30 西安工程大学 Mechanical refrigeration combined type domestic air conditioning is cooled down with reference to the evaporation of condensing hot air furnace
CN107810367A (en) * 2015-07-03 2018-03-16 布尔简易股份公司 The air-conditioning system of building
TWI669469B (en) * 2018-08-17 2019-08-21 瑞恆國際有限公司 Siphonic aerobic green energy ecological building
CN113944346A (en) * 2021-09-03 2022-01-18 锦汇建设集团有限公司 Rain sewage circulation green building

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030037905A1 (en) * 2001-08-22 2003-02-27 Kuo-Liang Weng Air conditioning system performing composite heat transfer through change of water two phases (liquid vapor)
CN202303723U (en) * 2011-10-12 2012-07-04 上海理工大学 Evaporation type air cooling heat pump air conditioning system
CN203757932U (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-08-06 西安工程大学 Roof sprinkling and night cool storage combined evaporative cooling air conditioner
CN204460509U (en) * 2015-01-12 2015-07-08 西安工程大学 Based on the evaporative cooling system that rainwater recycle utilizes

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030037905A1 (en) * 2001-08-22 2003-02-27 Kuo-Liang Weng Air conditioning system performing composite heat transfer through change of water two phases (liquid vapor)
CN202303723U (en) * 2011-10-12 2012-07-04 上海理工大学 Evaporation type air cooling heat pump air conditioning system
CN203757932U (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-08-06 西安工程大学 Roof sprinkling and night cool storage combined evaporative cooling air conditioner
CN204460509U (en) * 2015-01-12 2015-07-08 西安工程大学 Based on the evaporative cooling system that rainwater recycle utilizes

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107810367A (en) * 2015-07-03 2018-03-16 布尔简易股份公司 The air-conditioning system of building
CN105091167A (en) * 2015-08-24 2015-11-25 西安工程大学 Evaporative cooling air-conditioner wall system combined with solar energy and used for semi-open type restaurant
CN105091167B (en) * 2015-08-24 2018-07-06 西安工程大学 The Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning wall system for semi open model dining room is combined with solar energy
CN106642462A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-05-10 西安工程大学 Layered cooling type air conditioning system combining impounding reservoir temperature lowering and used for building with tall and large space
CN106907808A (en) * 2017-02-24 2017-06-30 西安工程大学 Mechanical refrigeration combined type domestic air conditioning is cooled down with reference to the evaporation of condensing hot air furnace
TWI669469B (en) * 2018-08-17 2019-08-21 瑞恆國際有限公司 Siphonic aerobic green energy ecological building
CN113944346A (en) * 2021-09-03 2022-01-18 锦汇建设集团有限公司 Rain sewage circulation green building

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104633813B (en) 2017-11-10

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101191646B (en) Evaporation refrigerating water chilling unit
CN104633813A (en) Energy-saving evaporative cooling air-conditioning system combing rainwater recycling with roof water storage
CN201852342U (en) Wet curtain evaporative cooling air-cooled condensing unit
CN101509684A (en) Communication equipment room energy-conserving system
CN202149545U (en) Fresh air fan set with heat recovery and humidification functions
CN203116203U (en) Air cooling air-conditioning system provided with condenser cooling supercooling device
CN204063414U (en) A kind of heat pump drives pre-cold mould solution humidifying Fresh air handling units
CN200940906Y (en) High efficiency curtain type cooling air fan
CN202328701U (en) Condensed water recovery device for split air conditioner
CN202853422U (en) Open water cooling unit compounded with vertical tube indirect-direct evaporative cooler
CN201436495U (en) Bidirectional air renewal ventilator with high-efficiency energy recovery function
CN101936624A (en) Capillary network heat pump system utilizing solar energy
CN104197588A (en) Surface air cooler with wet films of composite structures
CN105333583A (en) Rainwater, condensed water and defrosted water utilization device for roof-top unit
CN207035445U (en) A kind of overflow-type split-type air conditioner condensed water heat reclamation device
CN201265926Y (en) Combined air conditioner
CN105222251A (en) A kind of two condensate correcting-distribuing device four-pipe system air-conditioning system of source pump coupling handpiece Water Chilling Units and using method thereof
CN100394124C (en) solidification latent heat type heat pump utilizing low-level heat source water supply sensible heat to defrost
CN204460509U (en) Based on the evaporative cooling system that rainwater recycle utilizes
CN201944964U (en) Energy-saving air conditioning outdoor unit
CN101514829B (en) Tube-plate evaporative condensing air-conditioning unit with packing
CN201314729Y (en) High-efficiency combined water chilling unit
CN202254137U (en) Split type fresh air conditioner with heat-recovery evaporation-condensation function
CN202133042U (en) Water-cooling domestic air conditioner with improved outdoor unit heat exchanger
CN100516718C (en) Frost-proof heat pump capable of continuous operation

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20171110

Termination date: 20190112