CN106876891A - A kind of antenna, mobile terminal and its control method - Google Patents

A kind of antenna, mobile terminal and its control method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106876891A
CN106876891A CN201611247072.1A CN201611247072A CN106876891A CN 106876891 A CN106876891 A CN 106876891A CN 201611247072 A CN201611247072 A CN 201611247072A CN 106876891 A CN106876891 A CN 106876891A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
metal
mobile terminal
point
coupling
antenna
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CN201611247072.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马坤
Original Assignee
努比亚技术有限公司
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Priority to CN201611247072.1A priority Critical patent/CN106876891A/en
Publication of CN106876891A publication Critical patent/CN106876891A/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/36Structural form of radiating elements, e.g. cone, spiral, umbrella; Particular materials used therewith
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/44Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas using equipment having another main function to serve additionally as an antenna, e.g. means for giving an antenna an aesthetic aspect
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/48Earthing means; Earth screens; Counterpoises
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/50Structural association of antennas with earthing switches, lead-in devices or lightning protectors
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q5/00Arrangements for simultaneous operation of antennas on two or more different wavebands, e.g. dual-band or multi-band arrangements
    • H01Q5/10Resonant antennas
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q5/00Arrangements for simultaneous operation of antennas on two or more different wavebands, e.g. dual-band or multi-band arrangements
    • H01Q5/20Arrangements for simultaneous operation of antennas on two or more different wavebands, e.g. dual-band or multi-band arrangements characterised by the operating wavebands

Abstract

A kind of antenna, mobile terminal and its control method are announced herein, and the antenna includes:The metal edge frame and coupling metal of all-metal backboard breaking joint mobile terminal;Wherein, a distributing point, the first earth point and the second earth point are provided with metal edge frame;The one end for coupling metal couples with the second earth point;Wherein, the first earth point and the second earth point are separately positioned on the both sides of distributing point.The embodiment of the present invention is realized while producing different frequency ranges.

Description

A kind of antenna, mobile terminal and its control method

Technical field

The present embodiments relate to but be not limited to intelligent terminal technology, espespecially a kind of antenna, mobile terminal and its controlling party Method.

Background technology

All-metal backboard breaking joint mobile terminal as shown in Figure 1, the mobile terminal metal edge frame as antenna, but, Due to the complexity of space finite sum electromagnetic environment, this antenna cannot simultaneously produce 1.5G Hz and 2.4G Hz frequency ranges.

The content of the invention

This application provides a kind of antenna, mobile terminal and its control method, can realize while producing different frequency ranges.

In order to reach the application purpose, this application provides a kind of antenna, including:All-metal backboard breaking joint mobile terminal Metal edge frame and coupling metal;Wherein,

A distributing point, the first earth point and the second earth point are provided with metal edge frame;

The one end for coupling metal couples with the second earth point;

Wherein, the first earth point and the second earth point are separately positioned on the both sides of distributing point.

Alternatively, the first frequency range of the distance between end of the distributing point and metal edge frame side correspondence;

The distance between second earth point and the distributing point of metal Coupling corresponding second frequency range is coupled with described.

Alternatively, the distance between end of the distributing point and the metal edge frame side is 20 millimeters of mm~30mm.

Alternatively, it is described to be with described the distance between described second earth point and the distributing point of metal Coupling of coupling 10mm~15mm.

Alternatively, first frequency range includes 1.5GHZ resonant frequencies;

Second frequency range includes 2.4GHZ resonant frequencies.

Alternatively, the coupling metal includes:Sheet metal or bonding jumper.

Alternatively, the coupling metal includes:Steel disc, steel bar, flexible printed circuit board FPC copper sheets or FPC copper bars.

Present invention also provides a kind of mobile terminal, including:Antenna as described above.

Present invention also provides a kind of control method of mobile terminal, it is applied in mobile terminal as described above, including:

The distance between end of distributing point and metal edge frame side is determined, to produce the first frequency range;

The distance between it is determined that with the second earth point and distributing point for coupling metal Coupling, to produce the second frequency range.

Optionally it is determined that the distance between end of the distributing point for going out and metal edge frame side is 20mm~30mm;

It is 10mm~15mm with the distance between the second earth point and distributing point for coupling metal Coupling to determine.

The embodiment of the present invention includes:The metal edge frame and coupling metal of all-metal backboard breaking joint mobile terminal;Wherein, metal A distributing point, the first earth point and the second earth point are provided with frame;The one end for coupling metal couples with the second earth point; Wherein, the first earth point and the second earth point are separately positioned on the both sides of distributing point.The embodiment of the present invention is realized and produced simultaneously Different frequency ranges.

Brief description of the drawings

Accompanying drawing described herein is used for providing a further understanding of the present invention, constitutes the part of the application, this hair Bright schematic description and description does not constitute inappropriate limitation of the present invention for explaining the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the metal edge frame of existing all-metal backboard breaking joint mobile terminal;

Fig. 2 is the hardware architecture diagram for realizing the optional mobile terminal of each embodiment one of the invention;

Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of communication system for supporting to be communicated between mobile terminal of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of inventive antenna;

Fig. 5 (a) is the schematic diagram one of the antenna in mobile terminal of the present invention;

Fig. 5 (b) is the schematic diagram two of the antenna in mobile terminal of the present invention;

Fig. 5 (c) is the schematic diagram three of the antenna in mobile terminal of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the flow chart of the control method of mobile terminal of the present invention.

Specific embodiment

Technical scheme is described in detail below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.

The mobile terminal of each embodiment of the invention is realized referring now to Description of Drawings.In follow-up description, use For represent element such as " module ", " part " or " unit " suffix only for being conducive to explanation of the invention, itself Not specific meaning.Therefore, " module " can be used mixedly with " part ".

Mobile terminal can be implemented in a variety of manners.For example, the terminal described in the present invention can include such as moving Phone, smart phone, notebook computer, digit broadcasting receiver, PDA (personal digital assistant), PAD (panel computer), PMP The mobile terminal of (portable media player), guider etc. and such as numeral TV, desktop computer etc. are consolidated Determine terminal.Hereinafter it is assumed that terminal is mobile terminal.However, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that, except being used in particular for movement Outside the element of purpose, construction according to the embodiment of the present invention can also apply to the terminal of fixed type.

Fig. 2 is the hardware architecture diagram for realizing the optional mobile terminal of each embodiment one of the invention.

Mobile terminal 1 00 can include wireless communication unit 110, A/V (audio/video) input block 120, user input Unit 130, sensing unit 140, output unit 150, memory 160, interface unit 170, controller 180 and power subsystem 190 Etc..Fig. 2 shows the mobile terminal with various assemblies, it should be understood that being not required for implementing all groups for showing Part.More or less component can alternatively be implemented.The element of mobile terminal will be discussed in more detail below.

Wireless communication unit 110 generally includes one or more assemblies, and it allows mobile terminal 1 00 and wireless communication system Or the radio communication between network.For example, wireless communication unit can include broadcasting reception module 111, mobile communication module 112nd, at least one of wireless Internet module 113, short range communication module 114 and location information module 115.

Broadcasting reception module 111 receives broadcast singal and/or broadcast via broadcast channel from external broadcast management server Relevant information.Broadcast channel can include satellite channel and/or terrestrial channel.Broadcast management server can be generated and sent The broadcast singal and/or broadcast related information generated before the server or reception of broadcast singal and/or broadcast related information And send it to the server of terminal.Broadcast singal can include TV broadcast singals, radio signals, data broadcasting Signal etc..And, broadcast singal may further include the broadcast singal combined with TV or radio signals.Broadcast phase Pass information can also be provided via mobile communications network, and in this case, broadcast related information can be by mobile communication mould Block 112 is received.Broadcast singal can exist in a variety of manners, for example, it can be with the electronics of DMB (DMB) The form of program guide (EPG), the electronic service guidebooks (ESG) of digital video broadcast-handheld (DVB-H) etc. and exist.Broadcast Receiver module 111 can receive signal and broadcast by using various types of broadcast systems.Especially, broadcasting reception module 111 Can be wide by using such as multimedia broadcasting-ground (DMB-T), DMB-satellite (DMB-S), digital video Broadcast-hand-held (DVB-H), forward link media (MediaFLO@) Radio Data System, received terrestrial digital broadcasting integrated service Etc. (ISDB-T) digit broadcasting system receives digital broadcasting.Broadcasting reception module 111 may be constructed such that and be adapted to provide for extensively Broadcast the various broadcast systems and above-mentioned digit broadcasting system of signal.Via broadcasting reception module 111 receive broadcast singal and/ Or broadcast related information can be stored in memory 160 (or other types of storage medium).

Mobile communication module 112 sends radio signals to base station (for example, access point, node B etc.), exterior terminal And at least one of server and/or receive from it radio signal.Such radio signal can be logical including voice Words signal, video calling signal or the various types of data for sending and/or receiving according to text and/or Multimedia Message.

Wireless Internet module 113 supports the Wi-Fi (Wireless Internet Access) of mobile terminal.The module can be internally or externally It is couple to terminal.Wi-Fi (Wireless Internet Access) technology involved by the module can include WLAN (WLAN) (Wi-Fi), Wibro (WiMAX), Wimax (worldwide interoperability for microwave accesses), HSDPA (high-speed downlink packet access) etc..

Short range communication module 114 is the module for supporting junction service.Some examples of short-range communication technology include indigo plant ToothTM, radio frequency identification (RFID), Infrared Data Association (IrDA), ultra wide band (UWB), purple honeybeeTMEtc..

Location information module 115 is the module for checking or obtaining the positional information of mobile terminal.Location information module Typical case be GPS (global positioning system).According to current technology, GPS module 115 is calculated and comes from three or more satellites Range information and correct time information and the Information application triangulation for calculating, so as to according to longitude, latitude Highly accurately calculate three-dimensional current location information.Currently, defended using three for calculating the method for position and temporal information Star and the position that is calculated by using other satellite correction and the error of temporal information.Additionally, GPS module 115 Can be by Continuous plus current location information in real time come calculating speed information.

A/V input blocks 120 are used to receive audio or video signal.A/V input blocks 120 can include the He of camera 121 Microphone 1220, the static map that 121 pairs, camera is obtained in Video Capture pattern or image capture mode by image capture apparatus The view data of piece or video is processed.Picture frame after treatment may be displayed on display unit 151.At camera 121 Picture frame after reason can be stored in memory 160 (or other storage mediums) or carried out via wireless communication unit 110 Send, two or more cameras 1210 can be provided according to the construction of mobile terminal.Microphone 122 can be in telephone relation mould Sound (voice data) is received via microphone in formula, logging mode, speech recognition mode etc. operational mode, and can be by Such acoustic processing is voice data.Audio (voice) data after treatment can be changed in the case of telephone calling model For the form that can be sent to mobile communication base station via mobile communication module 112 is exported.Microphone 122 can implement all kinds Noise eliminate (or suppress) algorithm eliminating (or suppression) in the noise for receiving and producing during sending audio signal or Person disturbs.

User input unit 130 can generate key input data to control each of mobile terminal according to the order of user input Plant operation.User input unit 130 allows the various types of information of user input, and can include keyboard, metal dome, touch Plate (for example, detection due to being touched caused by resistance, pressure, electric capacity etc. change sensitive component), roller, rocking bar etc. Deng.Especially, when touch pad is superimposed upon on display unit 151 in the form of layer, touch-screen can be formed.

Sensing unit 140 detects the current state of mobile terminal 1 00, (for example, mobile terminal 1 00 opens or closes shape State), the presence or absence of the contact (that is, touch input) of the position of mobile terminal 1 00, user for mobile terminal 1 00, mobile terminal The acceleration or deceleration movement of 100 orientation, mobile terminal 1 00 and direction etc., and generate for controlling mobile terminal 1 00 The order of operation or signal.For example, when mobile terminal 1 00 is embodied as sliding-type mobile phone, sensing unit 140 can be sensed The sliding-type phone is opened or closed.In addition, sensing unit 140 can detect power subsystem 190 whether provide electric power or Whether person's interface unit 170 couples with external device (ED).Sensing unit 140 can will be combined below including proximity transducer 1410 Touch-screen is described to this.

Interface unit 170 is connected the interface that can pass through with mobile terminal 1 00 as at least one external device (ED).For example, External device (ED) can include wired or wireless head-band earphone port, external power source (or battery charger) port, wired or nothing Line FPDP, memory card port, the port for connecting the device with identification module, audio input/output (I/O) end Mouth, video i/o port, ear port etc..Identification module can be that storage uses each of mobile terminal 1 00 for verifying user Kind of information and subscriber identification module (UIM), client identification module (SIM), Universal Subscriber identification module (USIM) can be included Etc..In addition, the device (hereinafter referred to as " identifying device ") with identification module can take the form of smart card, therefore, know Other device can be connected via port or other attachment means with mobile terminal 1 00.Interface unit 170 can be used for reception and come from The input (for example, data message, electric power etc.) of the external device (ED) and input that will be received is transferred in mobile terminal 1 00 One or more elements can be used for transmitting data between mobile terminal and external device (ED).

In addition, when mobile terminal 1 00 is connected with external base, interface unit 170 can serve as allowing by it by electricity Power provides to the path of mobile terminal 1 00 from base or can serve as allowing the various command signals being input into from base to pass through it It is transferred to the path of mobile terminal.Be can serve as recognizing that mobile terminal is from the various command signals or electric power of base input The no signal being accurately fitted within base.Output unit 150 is configured to provide defeated with vision, audio and/or tactile manner Go out signal (for example, audio signal, vision signal, alarm signal, vibration signal etc.).Output unit 150 can include display Unit 151, dio Output Modules 152, alarm unit 153 etc..

Display unit 151 may be displayed on the information processed in mobile terminal 1 00.For example, when mobile terminal 1 00 is in electricity During words call mode, display unit 151 can show and converse or other communicate (for example, text messaging, multimedia file Download etc.) related user interface (UI) or graphic user interface (GUI).When mobile terminal 1 00 is in video calling pattern Or during image capture mode, display unit 151 can show the image of capture and/or the image of reception, show video or figure UI or GUI of picture and correlation function etc..

Meanwhile, when display unit 151 and touch pad in the form of layer it is superposed on one another to form touch-screen when, display unit 151 can serve as input unit and output device.Display unit 151 can include liquid crystal display (LCD), thin film transistor (TFT) In LCD (TFT-LCD), Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) display, flexible display, three-dimensional (3D) display etc. at least It is a kind of.Some in these displays may be constructed such that transparence to allow user to be watched from outside, and this is properly termed as transparent Display, typical transparent display can be, for example, TOLED (transparent organic light emitting diode) display etc..According to specific Desired implementation method, mobile terminal 1 00 can include two or more display units (or other display devices), for example, moving Dynamic terminal can include outernal display unit (not shown) and inner display unit (not shown).Touch-screen can be used to detect touch Input pressure and touch input position and touch input area.

Dio Output Modules 152 can mobile terminal be in call signal reception pattern, call mode, logging mode, It is that wireless communication unit 110 is received or in memory 160 when under the isotypes such as speech recognition mode, broadcast reception mode The voice data transducing audio signal of middle storage and it is output as sound.And, dio Output Modules 152 can be provided and movement The audio output (for example, call signal receives sound, message sink sound etc.) of the specific function correlation that terminal 100 is performed. Dio Output Modules 152 can include loudspeaker, buzzer etc..

Alarm unit 153 can provide output and be notified to mobile terminal 1 00 with by event.Typical event can be with Including calling reception, message sink, key signals input, touch input etc..In addition to audio or video is exported, alarm unit 153 can in a different manner provide output with the generation of notification event.For example, alarm unit 153 can be in the form of vibrating Output is provided, when calling, message or some other entrance communication (incoming communication) are received, alarm list Unit 153 can provide tactile output (that is, vibrating) to notify to user.Exported by providing such tactile, even if When in pocket of the mobile phone of user in user, user also can recognize that the generation of various events.Alarm unit 153 The output of the generation of notification event can be provided via display unit 151 or dio Output Modules 152.

Memory 160 can store software program for the treatment and control operation performed by controller 180 etc., Huo Zheke Temporarily to store oneself data (for example, telephone directory, message, still image, video etc.) through exporting or will export.And And, memory 160 can store the vibration of various modes on being exported when touching and being applied to touch-screen and audio signal Data.

Memory 160 can include the storage medium of at least one type, and the storage medium includes flash memory, hard disk, many Media card, card-type memory (for example, SD or DX memories etc.), random access storage device (RAM), static random-access storage Device (SRAM), read-only storage (ROM), Electrically Erasable Read Only Memory (EEPROM), programmable read only memory (PROM), magnetic storage, disk, CD etc..And, mobile terminal 1 00 can perform memory with by network connection The network storage device cooperation of 160 store function.

The overall operation of the generally control mobile terminal of controller 180.For example, controller 180 is performed and voice call, data Communication, video calling etc. related control and treatment.In addition, controller 180 can be included for reproducing (or playback) many matchmakers The multi-media module 1810 of volume data, multi-media module 1810 can be constructed in controller 180, or can be structured as and control Device processed 180 is separated.Controller 180 can be with execution pattern identifying processing, the handwriting input that will be performed on the touchscreen or figure Piece draws input and is identified as character or image.

Power subsystem 190 receives external power or internal power under the control of controller 180 and provides operation each unit Appropriate electric power needed for part and component.

Various implementation methods described herein can be with use such as computer software, hardware or its any combination of calculating Machine computer-readable recording medium is implemented.Implement for hardware, implementation method described herein can be by using application-specific IC (ASIC), digital signal processor (DSP), digital signal processing device (DSPD), programmable logic device (PLD), scene can Programming gate array (FPGA), processor, controller, microcontroller, microprocessor, it is designed to perform function described herein At least one in electronic unit is implemented, and in some cases, such implementation method can be implemented in controller 180. For software implementation, the implementation method of such as process or function can with allow to perform the single of at least one function or operation Software module is implemented.Software code can be come by the software application (or program) write with any appropriate programming language Implement, software code can be stored in memory 160 and performed by controller 180.

So far, oneself according to its function through describing mobile terminal.Below, for the sake of brevity, will description such as folded form, Slide type mobile terminal in various types of mobile terminals of board-type, oscillating-type, slide type mobile terminal etc. is used as showing Example.Therefore, the present invention can be applied to any kind of mobile terminal, and be not limited to slide type mobile terminal.

Mobile terminal 1 00 as shown in Figure 2 may be constructed such that using via frame or packet transmission data it is all if any Line and wireless communication system and satellite-based communication system are operated.

The communication system that mobile terminal wherein of the invention can be operated is described referring now to Fig. 3.

Such communication system can use different air interface and/or physical layer.For example, used by communication system Air interface includes such as frequency division multiple access (FDMA), time division multiple acess (TDMA), CDMA (CDMA) and universal mobile communications system System (UMTS) (especially, Long Term Evolution (LTE)), global system for mobile communications (GSM) etc..As non-limiting example, under The description in face is related to cdma communication system, but such teaching is equally applicable to other types of system.

With reference to Fig. 3, cdma wireless communication system can include multiple mobile terminal 1s 00, multiple base station (BS) 270, base station Controller (BSC) 275 and mobile switching centre (MSC) 280.MSC280 is configured to and Public Switched Telephony Network (PSTN) 290 form interface.MSC280 is also structured to form interface with the BSC275 that can be couple to base station 270 via back haul link. If any one in the interface that back haul link can be known according to Ganji is constructed, the interface includes such as E1/T1, ATM, IP, PPP, frame relay, HDSL, ADSL or xDSL.It will be appreciated that system can include multiple BSC2750 as shown in Figure 3.

Each BS270 can service one or more subregions (or region), by multidirectional antenna or the day of sensing specific direction Each subregion of line covering is radially away from BS270.Or, each subregion can be by two or more for diversity reception Antenna is covered.Each BS270 may be constructed such that the multiple frequency distribution of support, and the distribution of each frequency has specific frequency spectrum (for example, 1.25MHz, 5MHz etc.).

What subregion and frequency were distributed intersects can be referred to as CDMA Channel.BS270 can also be referred to as base station transceiver System (BTS) or other equivalent terms.In this case, term " base station " can be used for broadly representing single BSC275 and at least one BS270.Base station can also be referred to as " cellular station ".Or, each subregion of specific BS270 can be claimed It is multiple cellular stations.

As shown in Figure 3, broadcast singal is sent to broadcsting transmitter (BT) 295 mobile terminal operated in system 100.Broadcasting reception module 111 as shown in Figure 2 is arranged at mobile terminal 1 00 to receive the broadcast sent by BT295 Signal.In fig. 3 it is shown that several global positioning system (GPS) satellites 300.Satellite 300 helps position multiple mobile terminals At least one of 100.

In figure 3, multiple satellites 300 are depicted, it is understood that be, it is possible to use any number of satellite obtains useful Location information.GPS module 115 as shown in Figure 2 is generally configured to coordinate with satellite 300 to be believed with obtaining desired positioning Breath.Substitute GPS tracking techniques or outside GPS tracking techniques, it is possible to use other of the position of mobile terminal can be tracked Technology.In addition, at least one gps satellite 300 can optionally or additionally process satellite dmb transmission.

Used as a typical operation of wireless communication system, BS270 receives the reverse link from various mobile terminal 1s 00 Signal.Mobile terminal 1 00 generally participates in call, information receiving and transmitting and other types of communication.Each of the reception of certain base station 270 is anti- Processed in specific BS270 to link signal.The data of acquisition are forwarded to the BSC275 of correlation.BSC provides call Resource allocation and the mobile management function of the coordination including the soft switching process between BS270.The number that BSC275 will also be received According to MSC280 is routed to, it provides the extra route service for forming interface with PSTN290.Similarly, PSTN290 with MSC280 forms interface, and MSC and BSC275 form interface, and BSC275 correspondingly controls BS270 with by forward link signals It is sent to mobile terminal 1 00.

Based on above-mentioned mobile terminal hardware configuration and communication system, the inventive method each embodiment is proposed.

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of inventive antenna, as shown in figure 4, including:The gold of all-metal backboard breaking joint mobile terminal Category frame 40 and coupling metal 41;Wherein,

A distributing point 42, the first earth point 43 and the second earth point 44 are provided with metal edge frame 40;

The one end for coupling metal 41 couples with the second earth point 44;

Wherein, the first earth point 43 and the second earth point 44 are separately positioned on the both sides of distributing point.

Alternatively, the distance between end 45 of embodiment of the present invention distributing point 42 and the side of metal edge frame 40 correspondence first Frequency range.

Alternatively, the distance between end 45 of distributing point 42 and the side of metal edge frame 40 is 20 millimeters of (mm)~30mm.

Wherein, the frequency range of the embodiment of the present invention first includes 1.5GHZ resonant frequencies.

Alternatively, the embodiment of the present invention and the second earth point 44 and the distance between distributing point 42 that couple the coupling of metal 41 The second frequency range of correspondence.

Alternatively, be with the second earth point 44 and the distance between distributing point 42 that couple the coupling of metal 40 10mm~ 15mm。

Wherein, the frequency range of the embodiment of the present invention second includes 2.4GHZ resonant frequencies.

Alternatively, embodiment of the present invention coupling metal includes:The metal of sheet metal or bonding jumper or other arbitrary shapes.Tool The shape of body selection metal sets and can be set according to actual conditions.

Alternatively, embodiment of the present invention coupling metal includes:Steel disc, steel bar, flexible printed circuit board (FPC, Flexible Printed Circuit) copper sheet, FPC copper bars or other any materials conductive metal.The material of specifically chosen metal sets Putting can be set according to actual conditions.

Alternatively, when metal edge frame 40 is the upper side frame of the metal edge frame of mobile terminal, coupling metal 41 is arranged on shifting The upper side frame of the fore shell of dynamic terminal corresponds at the position of the second earth point 44;

When metal edge frame 40 is the lower frame of the metal edge frame of mobile terminal, coupling metal 41 is arranged on mobile terminal The lower frame of fore shell corresponds at the position of the second earth point 44;

When metal edge frame 40 is the upper side frame and lower frame of the metal edge frame of mobile terminal, coupling metal 41 includes first The coupling coupling metal 412 of metal 411 and second;Wherein, the first coupling metal 411 is arranged on the upper side frame of the fore shell of mobile terminal At the position of the second earth point 44, the lower frame of the fore shell that the first coupling metal 412 is arranged on mobile terminal corresponds to At the position of the second earth point 44.

As shown in Fig. 5 (a) and Fig. 5 (b), now metal edge frame 40 is upper side frame or the movement of the metal edge frame of mobile terminal Shown in the lower frame of the metal edge frame of terminal, such as Fig. 5 (a), when metal edge frame 40 is the upper side frame of metal edge frame, metal is coupled 41 are arranged on the upper side frame of the fore shell of mobile terminal corresponds at the position of the second earth point 44;As shown in Fig. 5 (b), work as metal When frame 40 is the lower frame of metal edge frame, the lower frame of the fore shell that coupling metal 41 is arranged on mobile terminal connects corresponding to second At the position in place 44.

As shown in Fig. 5 (c), now metal edge frame 40 is the upper side frame of the metal edge frame of mobile terminal and the gold of mobile terminal Belong to the lower frame of frame, the upper side frame of the fore shell that the first coupling metal 411 is arranged on mobile terminal corresponds to the second earth point 44 Position at, first coupling metal 412 be arranged on mobile terminal fore shell lower frame correspond to the second earth point 44 position Place.

It should be noted that the antenna between the first earth point 43 and distributing point 42 is (former according to the wave resonance of antenna 1/4 Reason, by designing the length (distance) between the first earth point 43 and distributing point 42, makes antenna resonance in 1.5GHz), antenna Form is Inverted F-shaped Antenna (IFA, Inverted F Antenna), and the part produces 1.5GHz resonant frequencies, realizes that the whole world is fixed Position system (GPS, Global Positioning System) frequency range covering;By coupling metal 41 and metal edge frame part (the Two earth points 44) coupling, (metal edge frame 40 produce coupling energy, tune between metal 41 with couple to produce 2.4GHz resonant frequencies Examination makes resonant frequency in 2.4GHz), resonant bandwidth can produce Wireless Fidelity (WIFI)/bluetooth (BT) frequency range.

In present embodiment, the metal edge frame 40 and coupling metal 41 of all-metal backboard breaking joint mobile terminal;Wherein, metal A distributing point 42, the first earth point 43 and the second earth point 44 are provided with frame 40;Couple one end and second of metal 41 Earth point 44 is coupled;Wherein, the first earth point 43 and the second earth point 44 are arranged on the both sides of distributing point, it is achieved thereby that simultaneously Produce different frequency ranges.

Present invention also provides a kind of mobile terminal, including the antenna in Fig. 4.

Fig. 6 is the flow chart of the control method of mobile terminal of the present invention, as shown in fig. 6, being applied to include as described above In the mobile terminal of antenna, including:

Step 601:The distance between end 45 of distributing point 42 and the side of metal edge frame 40 is determined, to produce the first frequency Section.

Optionally it is determined that go out the distance between end 45 of distributing point 42 and the side of metal edge frame 40 be 20 millimeters (mm)~ 30mm。

Wherein, the frequency range of the embodiment of the present invention first includes 1.5GHZ resonant frequencies.

Step 602:It is determined that with the second earth point 44 and the distance between distributing point 42 for coupling the coupling of metal 41, to produce Second frequency range.

Optionally it is determined that what is gone out is with the second earth point 44 and the distance between distributing point 42 that couple the coupling of metal 40 10mm~15mm.

Wherein, the frequency range of the embodiment of the present invention second includes 2.4GHZ resonant frequencies.

The embodiment of the present invention additionally provides a kind of mobile terminal, including above-mentioned antenna, at least including memory and treatment Device, wherein, be stored with following executable instruction in memory:Determine between the end of distributing point and metal edge frame side away from From to produce the first frequency range;The distance between it is determined that with the second earth point and distributing point for coupling metal Coupling, to produce second Frequency range;The above-mentioned executable instruction of computing device.

It should be noted that herein, term " including ", "comprising" or its any other variant be intended to non-row His property is included, so that process, method, article or device including a series of key elements not only include those key elements, and And also include other key elements being not expressly set out, or also include for this process, method, article or device institute are intrinsic Key element.In the absence of more restrictions, the key element limited by sentence "including a ...", it is not excluded that including this Also there is other identical element in the process of key element, method, article or device.

The embodiments of the present invention are for illustration only, and the quality of embodiment is not represented.

One of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that all or part of step in the above method can be instructed by program Related hardware (such as processor) is completed, and described program can be stored in computer-readable recording medium, such as read-only storage, Disk or CD etc..Alternatively, all or part of step of above-described embodiment can also be come using one or more integrated circuits Realize.Correspondingly, each module/unit in above-described embodiment can be realized in the form of hardware, such as by integrated circuit To realize its corresponding function, it would however also be possible to employ the form of software function module is realized, is such as stored in by computing device Program/instruction in reservoir realizes its corresponding function.The present invention is not restricted to the knot of the hardware and software of any particular form Close.

The preferred embodiment of the application is these are only, the scope of the claims of the application is not thereby limited, it is every to utilize this Shen Please the equivalent structure made of specification and accompanying drawing content or equivalent flow conversion, or be directly or indirectly used in other related skills Art field, is similarly included in the scope of patent protection of the application.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of antenna, it is characterised in that including:The metal edge frame and coupling metal of all-metal backboard breaking joint mobile terminal;Its In,
A distributing point, the first earth point and the second earth point are provided with metal edge frame;
The one end for coupling metal couples with the second earth point;
Wherein, the first earth point and the second earth point are separately positioned on the both sides of distributing point.
2. antenna according to claim 1, it is characterised in that
The distance between end of the distributing point and the metal edge frame side the first frequency range of correspondence;
The distance between second earth point and the distributing point of metal Coupling corresponding second frequency range is coupled with described.
3. antenna according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the end of the distributing point and the metal edge frame side it Between distance be 20 millimeters of mm~30mm.
4. antenna according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described with second ground connection for coupling metal Coupling The distance between point and the distributing point are 10mm~15mm.
5. antenna according to claim 1, it is characterised in that
First frequency range includes 1.5GHZ resonant frequencies;
Second frequency range includes 2.4GHZ resonant frequencies.
6. antenna according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the coupling metal includes:Sheet metal or bonding jumper.
7. the antenna according to claim 1 or 6, it is characterised in that the coupling metal includes:Steel disc, steel bar, flexible print Printed circuit board FPC copper sheets or FPC copper bars.
8. a kind of mobile terminal, it is characterised in that including:Antenna as described in claim 1-7 any one.
9. a kind of control method of mobile terminal, it is characterised in that be applied in mobile terminal as claimed in claim 8, wraps Include:
The distance between end of distributing point and metal edge frame side is determined, to produce the first frequency range;
The distance between it is determined that with the second earth point and distributing point for coupling metal Coupling, to produce the second frequency range.
10. control method according to claim 9, it is characterised in that
The distance between the distributing point determined and the end of metal edge frame side are 20mm~30mm;
It is 10mm~15mm with the distance between the second earth point and distributing point for coupling metal Coupling to determine.
CN201611247072.1A 2016-12-29 2016-12-29 A kind of antenna, mobile terminal and its control method CN106876891A (en)

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CN107369923A (en) * 2017-06-22 2017-11-21 北京小米移动软件有限公司 Antenna module and terminal
CN108808221A (en) * 2018-06-19 2018-11-13 深圳市万普拉斯科技有限公司 antenna system and mobile terminal

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CN105406174A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-03-16 展讯通信(上海)有限公司 LTE multi-frequency-band antenna and mobile terminal
CN105720994A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-06-29 努比亚技术有限公司 Mobile terminal and communication processing method thereof
CN105977614A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-28 北京小米移动软件有限公司 Communication antenna, control method, control device, and control terminal of communication antenna

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JP2008022261A (en) * 2006-07-12 2008-01-31 Asahi Glass Co Ltd Antenna unit
CN103296385A (en) * 2013-05-29 2013-09-11 上海安费诺永亿通讯电子有限公司 Adjustable multi-band antenna system
CN103346397A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-10-09 上海安费诺永亿通讯电子有限公司 Multi-frequency antenna system applicable to mobile terminal with metal frame structure
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CN108808221A (en) * 2018-06-19 2018-11-13 深圳市万普拉斯科技有限公司 antenna system and mobile terminal

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Application publication date: 20170620