CN106835971B - A kind of viaduct system for reclaiming rainwater and its installation method - Google Patents

A kind of viaduct system for reclaiming rainwater and its installation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106835971B
CN106835971B CN201611153100.3A CN201611153100A CN106835971B CN 106835971 B CN106835971 B CN 106835971B CN 201611153100 A CN201611153100 A CN 201611153100A CN 106835971 B CN106835971 B CN 106835971B
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water
collection bucket
connect
filter
bridge pier
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CN106835971A (en
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刘俊龙
朱琪
蒋学
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Zhejiang College of Construction
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Zhejiang College of Construction
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

Present invention mainly discloses a kind of viaduct system for reclaiming rainwater and its installation methods, its technical solution: including bridge floor and bridge pier, the gutter that bridge floor is equipped with the first drainage trough and communicates with the first drainage trough, the first drainpipe being connected to the filter is equipped in gutter, filter is connect by pure water pipe with underground water tank, the top of bridge pier is equipped with the first collection bucket, and the bottom end of bridge pier is equipped with the second collection bucket being connected to the first collection bucket, and the second collection bucket is connected to the filter by downpipe.It is the configuration of the present invention is simple, easy for installation, the rainwater generated when quickly can collect and store rainfall or water sprinkling path, improve drainage efficiency, and purification is filtered to rainwater before storage, water resource utilization efficiency is improved, water pollution problems is solved, prevents rainwater from entering inside bridge pier using the first collection bucket and the second collection bucket, it effectively avoids rainwater that bridge pier is corroded to or influenced appearance, is easy to application.

Description

A kind of viaduct system for reclaiming rainwater and its installation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of viaduct system for reclaiming rainwater and its installation methods.
Background technique
With the quickening of urbanization process, the natural hydrology cyclic process such as evaporation, lower infiltration is seriously obstructed, extreme weather Increase, the frequent generation of Storm Flood Disasters, causes multiple urban waterlogging, water environment pollution, rainwater resource to be largely lost etc. and ask Topic, in addition occur meeting rain must flood situation, however level of ground water but reduces year after year, and urban water shortage is extremely serious.Nowadays people The development and utilization of water resource is increasingly paid close attention to, a kind of water resource of the rainwater as preciousness will be right if effectively collecting and utilizing It is energy saving to make tremendous contribution.
City intersection bridge system is while bringing convenient traffic, since grade separation bridge vehicle is intensive, motor vehicle emission it is big Amount pollutant elutes atmosphere by precipitation or washes away earth's surface, can also carry the suspended particulate substances such as a large amount of silts in rainwater, lead to road Pollutant concentration is very high in face diameter stream, if being directly discharged into surrounding body, carries out pouring greenery patches, underground is bled back, rinses road etc., Extremely serious adverse effect will be generated to Urban Water Environment.The drainage system drainage efficiency of existing viaduct is poor, due to Impermeable pavement-height concentration is built, and when heavy rain comes, pavement runoff is difficult to quickly be discharged, and usually occurs seeping water or leak, Often cause ponding under bridge, not only influence landscape under bridge, also will cause extremely serious property loss even casualties, this Outside, large area percolating water wears the wet stain of structure metope or pollution under causing, and corrodes the inside of viaduct, influences the appearance for wearing viaduct And durability.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to be directed to many deficiencies of the prior art, provide a kind of viaduct system for reclaiming rainwater and its Installation method, structure is simple, easy for installation, the rainwater generated when quickly can collect and store rainfall or water sprinkling path, improves Drainage efficiency, and purification is filtered to rainwater before storage, water quality is improved, water resource utilization efficiency is improved, it is dirty to solve water Dye problem prevents rainwater from entering inside bridge pier using the first collection bucket and the second collection bucket, effectively avoids rainwater by bridge pier corruption Erosion influences appearance, is easy to application.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme:
A kind of viaduct system for reclaiming rainwater, including bridge floor and bridge pier, it is characterised in that: the bridge floor is equipped with first and draws Chute and gutter, the gutter are located at the left and right sides of the bridge floor, and first drainage trough traverses the bridge floor, First drainage trough is connected with the gutter, and the first drainpipe is equipped in the gutter, first drainpipe One end is connect with the gutter, and the other end of first drainpipe is embedded in the bridge pier and extends downward into filtering Device, the filter are connect by pure water pipe with underground water tank, and the top of the bridge pier is equipped with the first collection bucket, and described first receives Collection bucket is connect with the bridge floor, and the bottom end of the bridge pier is equipped with pedestal, and the pedestal is equipped with the second collection bucket, and described first receives It is connected with connecting tube on collection bucket, the connecting tube extends downward into second collection bucket, institute along the lateral wall of the bridge pier The second collection bucket is stated to connect by downpipe with the filter.First drainage trough is set by the rainwater fallen on bridge floor rapidly It is introduced into gutter, reduces ponding, all rainwater introduced through the first drainage trough are collected in gutter, accelerate to remove rain on bridge floor The speed of water improves rainwater-collecting efficiency, and the rainwater being collected into is discharged by the first drainpipe;Due to bridge pier and bridge floor Junction is easy to happen infiltration, dripping phenomenon, and the first collection bucket of setting can collect excessive rainfall and exudation on bridge floor Rainwater prevents rainwater whereabouts from washing away ground under bridge, influences traffic and landscape under bridge;It prevents rainwater from dropping on bridge pier, corrodes bridge Pier internal structure and surface layer influence the durability and appearance of bridge pier, and the second collection bucket of setting on the one hand will be in the first collection bucket Rainwater be transported to underground water tank, on the other hand continue to collect and fall on rainwater on bridge pier, further increase collecting effect, reinforce Rainwater-collecting dynamics prevents rainwater from accumulating in bridge pier bottom, corrodes abutment, by the way of two kinds of collection rainwater, the row of accelerating Water speed avoids leak, the seeping phenomenon of bridge floor and bridge bottom, improves effective management in city, reinforces urban degree, prevents city City's waterlogging;First drainpipe and downpipe the rainwater being collected into is transported in filter be filtered, purified treatment, after purification Rainwater pass through pure water pipe again and enter storage in underground water tank and recycle, rainwater by processing discharge and is utilized, not only Urban Water Environment is avoided pollution, it is more environmentally-friendly, also solve the problem of city water resource deficiency.
Further, underground water tank be equipped with inspection shaft, overflow device and water-supply-pipe, the top of inspection shaft water tank located underground, The second drainpipe is connected on overflow device, the second drainpipe is connect with drainage system, and water-supply-pipe passes through immersible pump and water system Connection.The inspection shaft of setting is convenient to repair underground water tank, and water extra in water tank is discharged the overflow device of setting, avoids Water in water tank is transported to municipal water systems by water-supply-pipe, to meet municipal water demand by water tank spill-over.
Further, inspection shaft is equipped at least two, and the top surface of inspection shaft is equipped with well lid, and the borehole wall on inspection shaft is equipped with Ladder, handrail and protective net.The inspection shaft for the multiple and different positions being arranged, it is convenient that the different location of underground water tank is examined It repairs, improves overhaul efficiency, the ladder of setting and going into the well for handrail easy access personnel, accelerate the speed that service personnel goes into the well, mention The safety of high service personnel;The protective net of setting plays a protective role, and improves safety.
Further, overflow device includes overflow port, water stream channel and warning device, and water stream channel includes successively interconnected First passage, second channel and third channel, first passage are connected with overflow port, and the diameter of second channel is greater than first passage Diameter, the diameter of third channel is less than the diameter of first passage, is equipped with sealing plate in first passage, sealing plate passes through elastic component It is connect with third channel, sealing plate matches with overflow port, and fourth lane, fourth lane and second row are connected on second channel Water pipe connection.When the water in underground water tank reaches the position of overflow port, water enters first passage from overflow port, in hydraulic pressure It acts on lower sealing plate and is pulled to second channel, so that first passage and second channel be made to communicate, water enters second from first passage Channel enters the discharge of the second drainpipe further along fourth lane;When water level is not enough to overcome bullet lower than overflow port or hydraulic pressure When the elastic force of spring, sealing plate returns to first passage blocking overflow port under the action of the elastic member, makes water that can not pass through first passage And it is discharged along fourth lane;If first passage, second channel, third channel or fourth lane block, alarm dress Set will warning reminding, remind related personnel dredge, repair and replace, with more intelligence.
Further, the top surface in gutter is equipped with rain perforaled strainer, and the outside of bridge pier is equipped with the second drainage trough, the second drainage trough It spirals about on bridge pier, the second drainage trough is connected with the second collection bucket.The floating materials such as the rain perforaled strainer catching rubbish of setting, Large-scale rubbish blocking gutter and subsequent drainage equipment, the second drainage trough of setting is avoided to make the rainwater for falling on bridge pier can To be rapidly introduced into along the second drainage trough to the second collection bucket, rainwater is avoided to be deposited on bridge pier for a long time, corrodes bridge pier, shadow Ring the service life and appearance of bridge pier.
Further, filter includes shell, filter body, the first sewage inlet, the second sewage inlet and water purification outlet, and first is dirty Water inlet, the second sewage inlet and water purification outlet are connect with filter body, and frame and absorbent filter medium are equipped in filter body, and absorbent filter medium is filled out It fills in frame, the first sewage inlet and the second sewage inlet are located at the top of absorbent filter medium, and water purification outlet is located at absorbent filter medium Lower section, the first sewage inlet connect with the first drainpipe, and the second sewage inlet is connect with downpipe, water purification outlet and pure water pipe Connection.When rainwater enters filter along the first sewage inlet or the second sewage inlet from the first drainpipe or downpipe When, rainwater first passes around the filtering of absorbent filter medium, and rainwater purification is removed the polluter in rainwater, improves rain by absorbent filter medium Water quality avoids pollution water environment convenient for the utilization again of rainwater, and absorbent filter medium is mounted in filter body by frame, is convenient for The replacement and dismounting of absorbent filter medium.
Further, frame is hinged close to one end of water purification outlet and filter body, and frame is equipped with magnetic far from one end of water purification outlet Property piece, be equipped with electromagnet in filter body with magnetic piece position corresponding position, the lower section of absorbent filter medium is equipped with outlet of sewer, on outlet of sewer It is connected with sewage pipe, sewage pipe is equipped with solenoid valve.When being filtered processing, starting solenoid valve closes sewage pipe, electromagnet Energizing magnetic, attracts magnetic piece, connect the both ends of frame with filter body, and rainwater is from the first sewage inlet and the second sewage Entrance enters, and is filtered by absorbent filter medium, then is discharged from water purification outlet;When needing to carry out cleaning blowdown, starting solenoid valve is beaten Sewage pipe is opened, electromagnet power-off does not generate magnetism, can not attract magnetic piece, turns frame around hinge joint under gravity It moves and is contacted with water purification outlet, rainwater enters from the first sewage inlet and the second sewage inlet at this time, impacts absorbent filter medium, will inhale Pollutant on attached filtrate is cleared up, then is discharged from outlet of sewer.
A kind of installation method of viaduct system for reclaiming rainwater as above, includes the following steps:
Step 1:
(1), the excavation pit below the ground of the construction operation of viaduct is cleared up rubble, metal in foundation pit, and is tamped Then foundation pit is laid with geotextiles and buffer layer in foundation pit, and in foundation pit side preserved pipeline channel;According to urban precipitation and use Regimen condition selects the underground water tank of suitable size;
(2), according to design drawing, the label of underground water tank placement location is carried out in foundation pit, is then installed in mark Fixed bracket;
(3), underground water tank is put by the mark in foundation pit by loop wheel machine, and is fixed using fixed bracket, then existed Filter fixed mount is set on underground water tank, filter is installed on underground water tank using filter fixed mount, in filter Water purification outlet install pure water pipe, the other end of pure water pipe connect with underground water tank, filter outlet of sewer installation dirt Sewage pipe is connect by water pipe with municipal sewerage system;Filter is installed on underground water tank by filter fixed mount, is convenient for The stability and adjustability of filter installation, can adjust filter according to the position of actual first drainpipe and downpipe Installation site is handled preferably to receive rainwater.
(4), two inspection shafts are set on underground water tank, overflow device and immersible pump, immersible pump are installed in underground water tank Be mounted on the bottom of underground water tank, overflow device is mounted on the top of underground water tank, the top of overflow device and underground water tank at a distance of 1m, The second drainpipe is connected on overflow device, the second drainpipe is connect with sewerage system, water-supply-pipe is connected on immersible pump, by water delivery Pipe is connect with municipal water systems;
(5), foundation pit is backfilled, with road roller pressing face on the spot.
Step 2:
(1), it constructs a bridge, bridge pier is arranged on underground water tank operation side;
(2), gutter is excavated respectively in the left and right sides of the bridge floor of viaduct, the width in gutter is 3~5m, gutter Length be 0.5~1m, the spacing in adjacent row ditch is 5~10m, and lays at least two drainage holes in the inside in gutter, Being in charge of for the first drainpipe is connected on drainage hole, being in charge of for the first drainpipe is connect with the general pipeline of the first drainpipe;It is draining The top surface of ditch is installed by rain perforaled strainer;
(3), the first drainage trough is laterally set on the bridge floor of viaduct, the both ends of the first drainage trough respectively with gutter phase Logical, the width of the first drainage trough is 3~5cm, and the distance between adjacent first drainage trough is 1~2m.
Step 3:
(1), the first collection bucket is installed in the junction of bridge pier and bridge floor, pedestal is set in the bottom of bridge pier, on pedestal Second collection bucket and flower bed are installed, the first collection bucket and the second collection bucket, which surround, to be arranged on the outside of bridge pier, and prevent rainwater from leaking outside, The height of first collection bucket and the second collection bucket is 0.5~1m, and the top of the first collection bucket and the second collection bucket is open state;
(2), the first collection bucket and the second collection bucket are interconnected by connecting tube, fastening is equipped on the outer wall of bridge pier Connecting tube is connect, so that connecting tube extends along bridge pier outer wall, on the second collection bucket by pipeloop by fastening pipeloop with bridge pier Downpipe is set;
(3), the second drainage trough that axial screw shape is opened up on bridge pier receives the lower end setting of the second drainage trough second In collection bucket.
Step 4:
First sewage inlet of the general pipeline of the first drainpipe and filter is connected, downpipe and the second sewage inlet are connected It connects.
Further, in (4) step of step 1, warning device is installed on overflow device, in second channel and the 4th Imaging sensor and water flow detector be installed respectively in channel, and by conducting wire by imaging sensor, water flow detector respectively with Warning device connection, warning device are connect with remote control terminal.
Further, in (4) step of step 1, water monitoring device is installed in water-supply-pipe, water quality monitoring is filled It sets and is connect with remote control terminal.
The present invention is by adopting the above-described technical solution, have the advantages that
The first drainage trough is arranged the rainwater fallen on bridge floor is rapidly introduced into gutter, reduces ponding, gutter All rainwater introduced through the first drainage trough are collected, the speed for removing rainwater on bridge floor is accelerated, improve rainwater-collecting efficiency, and will The rainwater being collected into is discharged by the first drainpipe;Since the junction of bridge pier and bridge floor is easy to happen infiltration, dripping phenomenon, if The first collection bucket set can collect the rainwater of excessive rainfall and exudation on bridge floor, prevent rainwater whereabouts from washing away ground under bridge, Influence traffic and landscape under bridge;It prevents rainwater from dropping on bridge pier, corrodes bridge pier internal structure and surface layer, influence the durable of bridge pier Property and appearance, the second collection bucket of setting the rainwater in the first collection bucket is on the one hand transported to underground water tank, on the other hand after Continuous collection falls on the rainwater on bridge pier, further increases collecting effect, reinforces rainwater-collecting dynamics, prevents rainwater from accumulating in bridge pier Bottom, corrosion abutment accelerate drainage speed by the way of two kinds of collection rainwater, avoid leak, the ponding of bridge floor and bridge bottom Phenomenon improves effective management in city, reinforces urban degree, prevents urban waterlogging;First drainpipe and downpipe will be collected To rainwater be transported in filter be filtered, purified treatment, purified rainwater passes through pure water pipe again and enters underground water Storage and recycling in case, rainwater by processing discharge and is utilized, Urban Water Environment is not only avoided pollution, more environmentally-friendly, is gone back Solves the problems, such as city water resource deficiency.
The configuration of the present invention is simple, easy for installation, the rainwater generated when quickly can collect and store rainfall or water sprinkling path, Drainage efficiency is improved, and purification is filtered to rainwater before storage, improves water quality, improves water resource utilization efficiency, is solved Water pollution problems prevents rainwater from entering inside bridge pier, effectively avoids rainwater by bridge using the first collection bucket and the second collection bucket Pier corrosion influences appearance, is easy to application.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings:
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of viaduct system for reclaiming rainwater of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the attachment structure schematic diagram of bridge floor and bridge pier in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of bridge floor in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of filter in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of inspection shaft in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of overflow device in the present invention.
Appended drawing reference: 1, bridge floor;11, the first drainage trough;12, gutter;13, rain perforaled strainer;2, bridge pier;21, it first receives Collection bucket;22, pedestal;23, the second collection bucket;24, connecting tube;25, downpipe;26, the second drainage trough;27, the first drainpipe;3, Filter;31, pure water pipe;32, shell;33, filter body;331, frame;332, absorbent filter medium;333, magnetic piece;334, electromagnet; 34, the first sewage inlet;35, the second sewage inlet;36, water purification outlet;37, outlet of sewer;38, sewage pipe;381, solenoid valve; 4, underground water tank;41, inspection shaft;411, well lid;412, ladder;413, handrail;414, protective net;42, overflow device;421, second Drainpipe;43, water-supply-pipe;431, immersible pump;44, warning device;45, first passage;451, sealing plate;452, elastic component;46, Second channel;47, third channel;48, fourth lane.
Specific embodiment
It as shown in figures 1 to 6, is a kind of viaduct system for reclaiming rainwater of the invention, including bridge floor 1 and bridge pier 2, on bridge floor 1 Equipped with the first drainage trough 11 and gutter 12, gutter 12 is located at the left and right sides of bridge floor 1, sets on the top surface in gutter 12 Rainy leaf grating for down pipe 13, the floating materials such as 13 catching rubbish of rain perforaled strainer of setting, avoid large-scale rubbish blocking gutter 12 and Subsequent drainage equipment, the first drainage trough 11 traverse bridge floor 1, and the first drainage trough 11 is connected with gutter 12, and setting first is drawn The rainwater fallen on bridge floor 1 is rapidly introduced into gutter 12 by chute 11, reduces ponding, and gutter 12 is collected all through the The rainwater that one drainage trough 11 introduces accelerates the speed for removing rainwater on bridge floor 1, improves rainwater-collecting efficiency, and will be collected into Rainwater is discharged by the first drainpipe 27.The first drainpipe 27, one end of the first drainpipe 27 and draining are equipped in gutter 12 Ditch 12 connects, and the other end of the first drainpipe 27 is embedded in bridge pier 2 and extends downward into filter 3, and filter 3 passes through water purification Pipe 31 is connect with underground water tank 4, and the top of bridge pier 2 is equipped with the first collection bucket 21, and the first collection bucket 21 is connect with bridge floor 1, bridge pier 2 Bottom end be equipped with pedestal 22, pedestal 22 is equipped with the second collection bucket 23, is connected with connecting tube 24, connecting tube on the first collection bucket 21 24 extend downward into the second collection bucket 23 along the lateral wall of bridge pier 2, and the second collection bucket 23 is connected by downpipe 25 and filter 3 It connects.Since the junction of bridge pier 2 and bridge floor 1 is easy to happen infiltration, dripping phenomenon, the first collection bucket 21 of setting can collect bridge The rainwater of excessive rainfall and exudation on face 1 prevents rainwater whereabouts from washing away ground under bridge, influences traffic and landscape under bridge;It prevents Rainwater drops on bridge pier 2, corrodes 2 internal structure of bridge pier and surface layer, influences the durability and appearance of bridge pier 2, and the second of setting Rainwater in first collection bucket 21 is transported to underground water tank 4 by 23 one side of collection bucket, is on the other hand continued collection and is fallen on bridge pier 2 On rainwater, further increase collecting effect, reinforce rainwater-collecting dynamics, prevent rainwater from accumulating in 2 bottom of bridge pier, corrode bridge Base accelerates drainage speed by the way of two kinds of collection rainwater, avoids leak, the seeping phenomenon of bridge floor 1 and bridge bottom, improves Effective management in city reinforces urban degree, prevents urban waterlogging.The rain that first drainpipe 27 and downpipe 25 will be collected into Water be transported in filter 3 be filtered, purified treatment has certain since filter 3 is in the lower section of viaduct with viaduct Difference in height is flowed into rainwater naturally in filter 3 under gravity, without the help of power equipment, saves The energy, purified rainwater passes through pure water pipe 31 again and enters storage in underground water tank 4 and recycle, by rainwater by processing row It puts and utilizes, not only avoid pollution Urban Water Environment, it is more environmentally-friendly, also solve the problem of city water resource deficiency.Bridge pier 2 Outside is equipped with the second drainage trough 26, and the second drainage trough 26 spirals about on bridge pier 2, the second drainage trough 26 and the second collection bucket 23 It is connected, the second drainage trough 26 of setting is rapidly introduced into the rainwater for falling on bridge pier 2 to along the second drainage trough 26 Two collection buckets 23 avoid rainwater from being deposited on bridge pier 2 for a long time, corrode bridge pier 2, influence the service life and appearance effect of bridge pier 2 Fruit.
Filter 3 includes shell 32, filter body 33, the first sewage inlet 34, the second sewage inlet 35 and water purification outlet 36, the One sewage inlet 34, the second sewage inlet 35 and water purification outlet 36 are connect with filter body 33, and frame 331 is equipped in filter body 33 and is inhaled Attached filtrate 332, absorbent filter medium 332 are filled in frame 331, and the first sewage inlet 34 and the second sewage inlet 35 are located at absorption filter The top of material 332, water purification outlet 36 are located at the lower section of absorbent filter medium 332, and the first sewage inlet 34 is connect with the first drainpipe 27, Second sewage inlet 35 is connect with downpipe 25, and water purification outlet 36 is connect with pure water pipe 31.When rainwater from the first drainpipe 27 or When person's downpipe 25 enters filter 3 along the first sewage inlet 34 or the second sewage inlet 35, rainwater first passes around suction Rainwater purification is removed the polluter in rainwater, improves rainwater quality, be convenient for by the filtering of attached filtrate 332, absorbent filter medium 332 The utilization again of rainwater, avoids pollution water environment, absorbent filter medium 332 is mounted in filter body 33 by frame 331, convenient for absorption The replacement and dismounting of filtrate 332.
Frame 331 is hinged close to one end of water purification outlet 36 and filter body 33, and frame 331 is set far from one end of water purification outlet 36 Be magnetic piece 333, is equipped with electromagnet 334 with 333 position corresponding position of magnetic piece in filter body 33, the lower section of absorbent filter medium 332 is equipped with Outlet of sewer 37, sewage pipe 38 is connected on outlet of sewer 37, and sewage pipe 38 is equipped with solenoid valve 381.It is handled when being filtered When, starting solenoid valve 381 closes sewage pipe 38, and 334 energizing magnetic of electromagnet attracts magnetic piece 333, makes frame 331 Both ends are connect with filter body 33, and rainwater enters from the first sewage inlet 34 and the second sewage inlet 35, pass through 332 mistake of absorbent filter medium Filter, then be discharged from water purification outlet 36;When needing to carry out cleaning blowdown, starting solenoid valve 381 opens sewage pipe 38, electromagnet 334 power-off do not generate magnetism, magnetic piece 333 can not be attracted, make frame 331 under gravity around hinge joint turn to Water purification outlet 36 contacts, and rainwater enters from the first sewage inlet 34 and the second sewage inlet 35 at this time, impacts absorbent filter medium 332, Pollutant on absorbent filter medium 332 is cleared up, then is discharged from outlet of sewer 37.
Underground water tank 4 be equipped with inspection shaft 41, overflow device 42 and water-supply-pipe 43, the water tank 4 located underground of inspection shaft 41 it is upper Side, inspection shaft 41 are equipped at least two, and the top surface of inspection shaft 41 is equipped with well lid 411, and the borehole wall on inspection shaft 41 is equipped with rank Ladder 412, handrail 413 and protective net 414.The inspection shaft 41 for the multiple and different positions being arranged, the convenient different positions to underground water tank 4 It sets and is overhauled, improve overhaul efficiency, the ladder 412 of setting and going into the well for 413 easy access personnel of handrail, accelerate service personnel The speed gone into the well improves the safety of service personnel;The protective net 414 of setting plays a protective role, and improves safety.Overflow device The second drainpipe 421 is connected on 42, the second drainpipe 421 is connect with drainage system, and water-supply-pipe 43 is by immersible pump 431 and uses Water system connection.The inspection shaft 41 of setting is convenient to repair underground water tank 4, and the overflow device 42 of setting will be extra in water tank Water discharge, avoids water tank spill-over, the water in water tank is transported to municipal water systems by water-supply-pipe 43, to meet urban water Demand.
Overflow device 42 includes overflow port, water stream channel and warning device 44, and water stream channel includes successively interconnected the One channel 45, second channel 46 and third channel 47, first passage 45 are connected with overflow port, and the diameter of second channel 46 is greater than The diameter of first passage 45, the diameter of third channel 47 are less than the diameter of first passage 45, are equipped with sealing plate in first passage 45 451, sealing plate 451 is connect by elastic component 452 with third channel 47, and sealing plate 451 matches with overflow port, second channel 46 On be connected with fourth lane 48, fourth lane 48 is connect with the second drainpipe 421.When the water in underground water tank 4 reaches overflow port Position when, water enters first passage 45 from overflow port, and sealing plate 451 is pulled to second channel 46 in the presence of hydraulic pressure, To make first passage 45 and second channel 46 communicate, water enters second channel 46 from first passage 45, further along fourth lane 48 enter the discharge of the second drainpipe 421;It is close when water level is not enough to overcome the elastic force of spring lower than overflow port or hydraulic pressure Sealing plate 451 returns to first passage 45 under the action of elastic component 452 and blocks overflow port, makes water can not be by first passage 45 and edge Fourth lane 48 be discharged;If first passage 45, second channel 46, third channel 47 or fourth lane 48 block, Warning device 44 will warning reminding, remind related personnel dredge, repair and replace, with more intelligence.
A kind of installation method of viaduct system for reclaiming rainwater as above, includes the following steps:
Step 1:
(1), the excavation pit below the ground of the construction operation of viaduct is cleared up rubble, metal in foundation pit, and is tamped Then foundation pit is laid with geotextiles and buffer layer in foundation pit, and in foundation pit side preserved pipeline channel;According to urban precipitation and use Regimen condition selects the underground water tank 4 of suitable size;
(2), according to design drawing, the label of 4 placement location of underground water tank is carried out in foundation pit, is then installed in mark Fixed bracket;
(3), underground water tank 4 is put by the mark in foundation pit by loop wheel machine, and is fixed using fixed bracket, then existed Filter fixed mount is set on underground water tank 4, filter 3 is installed on underground water tank 4 using filter fixed mount, is being filtered The water purification outlet 36 of device 3 installs pure water pipe 31, the other end of pure water pipe 31 is connect with underground water tank 4, in the sewage of filter 3 37 installation sewage pipe 38 of outlet, sewage pipe 38 is connect with municipal sewerage system;Filter 3 is pacified by 3 fixed frame of filter It is attached on underground water tank 4, convenient for stability and adjustability that filter 3 is installed, according to actual first drainpipe 27 and can fall The position of water pipe 25 adjusts the installation site of filter 3, is handled preferably to receive rainwater, while filter 3 being pacified Mounted in ground end, avoids filter 3 from being directly exposed to outer, reduce extraneous collision, pollution and interference, extend making for filter 3 Use the service life.
(4), two inspection shafts 41 are set on underground water tank 4, overflow device 42 and immersible pump are installed in underground water tank 4 431, immersible pump 431 is mounted on the bottom of underground water tank 4, and overflow device 42 is mounted on the top of underground water tank 4, overflow device 42 and ground Warning device 44 is installed at a distance of 1m in the top of lower header 4 on overflow device 42, divides in second channel 46 and fourth lane 48 Not An Zhuan imaging sensor and water flow detector, and by conducting wire by imaging sensor, water flow detector respectively with warning device 44 connections, warning device 44 are connect with remote control terminal;Imaging sensor and water flow detector are used to detect the stifled of overflow device Situation is filled in, and by the position of imaging sensor display blocking, warning device 44 is alarmed, and is facilitated testing staff to overhaul in time and is dredged It is logical;The second drainpipe 421 is connected on overflow device 42, the second drainpipe 421 is connect with sewerage system;Connect on immersible pump 431 Water-supply-pipe 43 is connect, water monitoring device is installed in water-supply-pipe 43, water monitoring device is connect with remote control terminal, it will be defeated Water pipe 43 is connect with municipal water systems;
(5), foundation pit is backfilled, with road roller pressing face on the spot.
Step 2:
(1), it constructs a bridge, bridge pier 2 is arranged on 4 operation side of underground water tank;
(2), gutter 12 is excavated respectively in the left and right sides of the bridge floor of viaduct 1, the width in gutter 12 is 3~5m, The length in gutter 12 is 0.5~1m, and the spacing in adjacent row ditch 12 is 5~10m, and is laid at least in the inside in gutter 12 Two drainage holes, connect being in charge of for the first drainpipe 27 on drainage hole, and the first drainpipe 27 is in charge of and the first drainpipe 27 General pipeline connection;Rain perforaled strainer 13 is installed in the top surface in gutter 12;
(3), the first drainage trough 11 is laterally set on the bridge floor of viaduct 1, the both ends of the first drainage trough 11 respectively with row Ditch 12 communicates, and the width of the first drainage trough 11 is 3~5cm, and the distance between adjacent first drainage trough 11 is 1~2m.
Step 3:
(1), first collection bucket 21 is installed in the junction of bridge pier 2 and bridge floor 1, pedestal 22 is set in the bottom of bridge pier 2, Second collection bucket 23 and flower bed are installed, the first collection bucket 21 and the second collection bucket 23 are around setting outside bridge pier 2 on pedestal 22 Side prevents rainwater from leaking outside, and the height of the first collection bucket 21 and the second collection bucket 23 is 0.5~1m, the first collection bucket 21 and second The top of collection bucket 23 is open state;
(2), first collection bucket 21 and the second collection bucket 23 are interconnected by connecting tube 24, on the outer wall of bridge pier 2 Equipped with fastening pipeloop, connecting tube 24 is connect with bridge pier 2 by fastening pipeloop, so that connecting tube 24 extends along 2 outer wall of bridge pier, Downpipe 25 is set on the second collection bucket 23;
(3), the second drainage trough 26 that axial screw shape is opened up on bridge pier 2 exists the lower end setting of the second drainage trough 26 In second collection bucket 23.
Step 4:
The general pipeline of first drainpipe 27 is connect with the first sewage inlet 34 of filter 3, downpipe 25 and second is dirty Water inlet 35 connects.
The above is only specific embodiments of the present invention, but technical characteristic of the invention is not limited thereto.It is any with this hair Based on bright, to solve essentially identical technical problem, essentially identical technical effect is realized, made simple change, etc. With replacement or modification etc., all it is covered by among protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of viaduct system for reclaiming rainwater, including bridge floor and bridge pier, it is characterised in that: the bridge floor is equipped with the first drainage Slot and gutter, the gutter are located at the left and right sides of the bridge floor, and first drainage trough traverses the bridge floor, institute The first drainage trough is stated to be connected with the gutter, in the gutter be equipped with the first drainpipe, the one of first drainpipe End is connect with the gutter, and the other end of first drainpipe is embedded in the bridge pier and extends downward into filter, The filter is connect by pure water pipe with underground water tank, and the top of the bridge pier is equipped with the first collection bucket, and described first collects Bucket is connect with the bridge floor, and the bottom end of the bridge pier is equipped with pedestal, and the pedestal is equipped with the second collection bucket, and described first collects Connecting tube is connected on bucket, the connecting tube extends downward into second collection bucket along the lateral wall of the bridge pier, described Second collection bucket is connect by downpipe with the filter, and the underground water tank is equipped with inspection shaft, overflow device and water-supply-pipe, The inspection shaft is located at the top of the underground water tank, and the second drainpipe, second drainpipe are connected on the overflow device It is connect with drainage system, the water-supply-pipe is connect by immersible pump with water system, and the overflow device includes that overflow port, water flow are led to Road and warning device, the water stream channel include successively interconnected first passage, second channel and third channel, and described One channel is connected with the overflow port, and the diameter of the second channel is greater than the diameter of the first passage, and the third is logical The diameter in road is less than the diameter of the first passage, is equipped with sealing plate in the first passage, the sealing plate passes through elastic component It being connect with the third channel, the sealing plate matches with the overflow port, it is connected with fourth lane on the second channel, The fourth lane is connect with second drainpipe.
2. a kind of viaduct system for reclaiming rainwater according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the inspection shaft is equipped at least Two, the top surface of the inspection shaft is equipped with well lid, and the borehole wall on the inspection shaft is equipped with ladder, handrail and protective net.
3. a kind of viaduct system for reclaiming rainwater according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: on the top surface in the gutter Equipped with rain perforaled strainer, the outside of the bridge pier is equipped with the second drainage trough, and second drainage trough spirals about on the bridge pier, Second drainage trough is connected with second collection bucket.
4. a kind of viaduct system for reclaiming rainwater according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the filter includes shell Body, filter body, the first sewage inlet, the second sewage inlet and water purification outlet, first sewage inlet, second sewage inlet It is connect with the filter body with the water purification outlet, frame and absorbent filter medium, the absorbent filter medium filling is equipped in the filter body In in the frame, first sewage inlet and second sewage inlet are located at the top of the absorbent filter medium, described net Water out is located at the lower section of the absorbent filter medium, and first sewage inlet is connect with first drainpipe, and described second is dirty Water inlet is connect with the downpipe, and the water purification outlet is connect with the pure water pipe.
5. a kind of viaduct system for reclaiming rainwater according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the frame is close to described net One end of water out and the filter body are hinged, and the frame is equipped with magnetic piece, the filter body far from one end of the water purification outlet Upper to be equipped with electromagnet with magnetic piece position corresponding position, the lower section of the absorbent filter medium is equipped with outlet of sewer, and the sewage goes out Sewage pipe is connected on mouthful, the sewage pipe is equipped with solenoid valve.
6. a kind of installation method of viaduct system for reclaiming rainwater as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: including walking as follows It is rapid:
Step 1:
(1), the excavation pit below the ground of the construction operation of viaduct clears up rubble, metal in foundation pit, and tamps base Then hole is laid with geotextiles and buffer layer in foundation pit, and in foundation pit side preserved pipeline channel;According to urban precipitation and use water Situation selects the underground water tank of suitable size;
(2), according to design drawing, the label of underground water tank placement location is carried out in foundation pit, is then installed and is fixed in mark Bracket;
(3), underground water tank is put by the mark in foundation pit by loop wheel machine, and is fixed using fixed bracket, then in underground Filter fixed mount is set on water tank, filter is installed on underground water tank using filter fixed mount, in the net of filter Water out installs pure water pipe, and the other end of pure water pipe is connect with underground water tank, installs sewage pipe in the outlet of sewer of filter, Sewage pipe is connect with municipal sewerage system;
(4), two inspection shafts are set on underground water tank, overflow device and immersible pump, immersible pump installation are installed in underground water tank In the bottom of underground water tank, overflow device is mounted on the top of underground water tank, and the top of overflow device and underground water tank is at a distance of 1m, overflow The second drainpipe is connected on device, the second drainpipe is connect with sewerage system, water-supply-pipe is connected on immersible pump, by water-supply-pipe with Municipal water systems connection;
(5), foundation pit is backfilled, with road roller pressing face on the spot;
Step 2:
(1), it constructs a bridge, bridge pier is arranged on underground water tank operation side;
(2), gutter is excavated respectively in the left and right sides of the bridge floor of viaduct, the width in gutter is 3~5m, the length in gutter Degree is 0.5~1m, and the spacing in adjacent row ditch is 5~10m, and lays at least two drainage holes in the inside in gutter, is being arranged Being in charge of for the first drainpipe is connected on water hole, being in charge of for the first drainpipe is connect with the general pipeline of the first drainpipe;In gutter Top surface is installed by rain perforaled strainer;
(3), the first drainage trough is laterally set on the bridge floor of viaduct, the both ends of the first drainage trough are communicated with gutter respectively, The width of first drainage trough is 3~5cm, and the distance between adjacent first drainage trough is 1~2m;
Step 3:
(1), the first collection bucket is installed in the junction of bridge pier and bridge floor, pedestal is set in the bottom of bridge pier, is installed on pedestal Second collection bucket and flower bed, the first collection bucket and the second collection bucket, which surround, to be arranged on the outside of bridge pier, prevents rainwater from leaking outside, and first The height of collection bucket and the second collection bucket is 0.5~1m, and the top of the first collection bucket and the second collection bucket is open state;
(2), the first collection bucket and the second collection bucket are interconnected by connecting tube, fastener tube is equipped on the outer wall of bridge pier Connecting tube is connect with bridge pier by fastening pipeloop, so that connecting tube extends along bridge pier outer wall, is set on the second collection bucket by circle Set downpipe;
(3), the lower end of the second drainage trough is arranged in the second collection bucket the second drainage trough that axial screw shape is opened up on bridge pier It is interior;
Step 4:
First sewage inlet of the general pipeline of the first drainpipe and filter is connected, downpipe is connect with the second sewage inlet.
7. a kind of viaduct system for reclaiming rainwater according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: in (4) step of step 1 In rapid, warning device is installed on overflow device, imaging sensor and water flow inspection are installed respectively in second channel and fourth lane Device is surveyed, and is connect imaging sensor, water flow detector with warning device respectively by conducting wire, warning device and long-range control are eventually End connection.
8. a kind of viaduct system for reclaiming rainwater according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: in (4) step of step 1 In rapid, water monitoring device is installed in water-supply-pipe, water monitoring device is connect with remote control terminal.
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CN107012789B (en) * 2017-06-20 2018-12-14 嘉兴学院 One kind, which builds a bridge, uses drainage arrangement
CN107476187B (en) * 2017-09-02 2019-05-21 范清 A kind of novel bridge facility
RU2665742C1 (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-09-04 Олег Александрович Продоус Water discharge system for bridge surface
CN108958301A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-12-07 北京小米移动软件有限公司 Control the method, apparatus and storage medium of equipment draining
CN108729500A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-02 长江师范学院 A kind of waters Antipollution method

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JP2000129630A (en) * 1998-10-26 2000-05-09 Hiruko Hokkaido Kk Freezing prevention structure of drain pipe for road elevated bridge or the like
JP2001262633A (en) * 2000-03-23 2001-09-26 Hiroshi Takahashi Rainwater storage tank
CN202850379U (en) * 2012-10-10 2013-04-03 上海应用技术学院 Building wall space rain centralized gathering device
CN203065960U (en) * 2013-01-15 2013-07-17 广州市市政工程设计研究院 Bridge drainage system
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