CN106751537A - Fiber reinforced flame-retardant plastic and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Fiber reinforced flame-retardant plastic and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN106751537A
CN106751537A CN201611219394.5A CN201611219394A CN106751537A CN 106751537 A CN106751537 A CN 106751537A CN 201611219394 A CN201611219394 A CN 201611219394A CN 106751537 A CN106751537 A CN 106751537A
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parts
flame
retardant
plastic
fiber
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CN201611219394.5A
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龙志雄
秦立杰
罗烈军
黄兆柱
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广东伟的新材料股份有限公司
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L67/00Compositions of polyesters obtained by reactions forming a carboxylic ester link in the main chain; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/02Flame or fire retardant/resistant
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/08Stabilised against heat, light or radiation or oxydation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2203/00Applications
    • C08L2203/20Applications use in electrical or conductive gadgets

Abstract

The embodiments of the invention disclose a fiber reinforced flame-retardant plastic and a preparation method thereof. The fiber reinforced flame-retardant plastic is used for solving the problems that the charging pile socket material in the prior art declines too fast on outdoor using performance, is insufficient in flame retarding, weak in impact resistance, easy to deform in long-time use, and the like. The fiber reinforced flame-retardant plastic comprises the following components in parts by weight: 70-80 parts of polyester, 20-35 parts of inorganic filling powder, 6-10 parts of flexibilizer, 20-30 parts of fibers, 5-10 parts of flame retardant and 1-5 parts of other components, wherein the other components comprise one or more of antioxidant, lubricant, coupling agent and anti-UV agent. The fiber reinforced flame-retardant plastic is safe, reliable, high-temperature resistant, stable in thermal deformation size and convenient to process, and can be used outdoors for a long term.

Description

一种纤维増强阻燃塑料及其制备方法 A fiber zo strong flame retardant plastic and a preparation method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及改性工程塑料技术领域,尤其涉及一种纤维增强阻燃塑料及其制备方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to modified engineering plastics technology, and particularly relates to a process for preparing flame-retardant plastic and fiber reinforced.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着环保意识的提高,电动汽车以及充电粧逐渐走进大众的生活,兼具时尚以及优雅大方的外观设计成为了数以百计充电设备生产商差异化的必经之路。 [0002] With the improvement of environmental awareness, as well as electric vehicle charging makeup gradually into public life, both stylish and elegant and generous designs become hundreds charging equipment manufacturers differentiate pass. 汽车充电粧为的就是解决人们的刚性需要,其自然会被用在复杂的环境当中。 Vehicle charging makeup to solve people's rigidity is required, it will naturally be used in a complex environment. 充电粧外壳共有6个部分可以用到塑料,分别是充电粧壳体,充电粧插头、充电粧插座,充电枪外壳,断路器,接触器及电源模块外壳,不同部位的外壳材料有相对应的选材要求,既要达到性能要求,也要选材要经济安全。 Charging makeup a total of six housing portions may be used in plastics, cosmetics case are charged, the charging plug makeup, makeup socket charging, charging gun housing, circuit breakers, contactors and power module housing, the shell material have different parts corresponding selection requirements necessary to meet the performance requirements, but also to economic security selection.

[0003] 但目前现有技术中的充电粧插座材料,常用的是ABS塑料,强度不高且散热性差, 长时间使用下容易产生不同程度的磨损和变形,需要不定时进行更换,增加了充电粧的维修成本,且耗费大量的人力,这种材料逐渐被市场淘汰。 [0003] However, the charging current makeup material of the socket in the prior art, ABS plastic is used, the strength is not high and heat dissipation is poor, prone to prolonged use under different degrees of wear and deformation, need to be replaced from time to time, increasing the charge makeup maintenance costs, and a lot of manpower, this material gradually be eliminated.

[0004] 因此,提供一种安全可靠、耐高温、热变形尺寸稳定、能长期在户外使用,加工方便的纤维增强阻燃塑料成为本技术领域人员所研究的重要课题。 [0004] Accordingly, to provide a safe, reliable, high-temperature, heat distortion dimensionally stable, long-term outdoor use, easy to process fiber-reinforced flame-retardant plastic has become an important subject of study in the art in the art.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明实施例提供了一种纤维增强阻燃塑料及其制备方法,用于解决现有技术中用于充电粧插座材料户外使用性能下降过快、阻燃性不足,抗冲击性弱,长时间使用容易变形等的问题。 [0005] Example embodiments of the present invention provides a fiber-reinforced flame-retardant plastic and a preparation method for solving the prior art for outdoor use charging makeup material of the socket rapid decline in performance, insufficient flame retardancy, impact resistance is weak , prolonged use of easy deformation problem.

[0006] 本发明实施例提供了一种纤维增强阻燃塑料,按重量份计,包括以下组分: 聚酯70〜80份; Example [0006] The present invention provides a flame retardant fiber reinforced plastic, in parts by weight, comprising the following components: polyester 70~80 parts;

[0007] 无机填充粉20〜35份; 增韦刃剂6〜10份; 纤维20〜30份; [0007] The inorganic filler powder 20~35 parts; 6~10 parts by Wei edges agent; fibers 20 to 30 parts;

[0008] 阻燃剂5〜10份; 其它组份1〜3份; [0008] 5 to 10 parts of a flame retardant; 1 ~ 3 parts of the other components;

[0009] 其中,所述其它组份包括抗氧剂、润滑剂、偶联剂、抗UV剂中的一种或多种。 [0009] wherein, the other parts of the group consisting of antioxidants, lubricants, coupling agents, anti-UV agents, one or more.

[0010] 可选地,所述无机填充粉为氢氧化镁、氧化镁、氮化硼、钛白粉中的一种或任意几种的组合。 [0010] Alternatively, the inorganic powder filler is magnesium hydroxide, magnesium oxide, boron nitride, titanium dioxide or a combination of one kind of arbitrary ones.

[0011] 可选地,所述增韧剂为GMA接枝物、EMA接枝物、EMH接枝物中的一种或任意几种的组合。 [0011] Alternatively, the GMA toughening agent is a graft copolymer, EMA grafts A graft EMH or a combination of arbitrary ones.

[0012] 可选地,所述阻燃剂为纳米三聚氰胺氰尿酸盐、二乙基次膦酸铝、溴化聚苯乙烯、 三氧化二锑中的一种或任意几种的组合。 [0012] Optionally, the flame retardant is melamine cyanurate nanometers, aluminum diethyl phosphinate, brominated polystyrene, antimony trioxide or a combination of arbitrary ones.

[0013] 可选地,所述纤维为玻璃纤维。 [0013] Alternatively, the fibers are glass fibers.

[0014] 本发明实施例提供一种纤维增强阻燃塑料的制备方法,包括以下步骤: [0014] The present invention provides a method for preparing flame retardant fiber reinforced plastics, comprising the steps of:

[0015] 按配比称取70〜80份聚酯、20〜35份无机填充粉、6〜10份增韧剂、5〜10份阻燃剂、1〜3份其它组份; [0015] parts of 70~80 weighed according to the ratio of polyester, 20~35 parts of an inorganic filler powder, 6~10 parts of toughening agent, 5 to 10 parts of a flame retardant, other components 1~3 parts;

[0016] 将所述组分经混合机进行充分混合,得到均匀的混合物; [0016] The components are sufficiently mixed by a mixer to obtain a homogeneous mixture;

[0017] 将所述混合物加入到双螺杆挤出造粒机组进行熔融,加工温度为170°至260°,螺杆转速350〜380r/min,在玻纤口喂入20〜30份的玻璃纤维,经双螺杆挤出造粒机挤出、切粒制成均匀颗粒,得到所述的纤维增强阻燃塑料。 [0017] The mixture was fed into a twin-screw melt extrusion granulation unit, a processing temperature of 170 ° to 260 °, screw speed 350~380r / min, the glass fiber feeding port 20 to 30 parts of glass fibers, twin-screw extruder an extrusion granulator, to obtain a homogeneous pelletized granules, the obtained fiber-reinforced flame-retardant plastic.

[0018] 从以上技术方案可以看出,本发明实施例具有以下优点: [0018] As can be seen from the foregoing technical solutions, embodiments of the present invention has the following advantages:

[0019] 本发明实施例提供的一种纤维增强阻燃塑料及其制备方法,由于该塑料中的其它成分包括抗氧剂、润滑剂、偶联剂、抗UV剂中的一种或任意几种,这些成分的加入可以使得该塑料能够长时间在室外等复杂环境中不易老化,并且延长其使用寿命;该塑料添加有阻燃剂,增强了该材料的阻燃性;而且添加有增韧剂可以降低材料的脆性,提高抗冲击性以及承载强度;除了上述的成分外,该塑料还包括有无机填充粉和玻璃纤维,无机填充粉可以增强塑料的导热性,即使在高温的环境下也不易受热变形;玻璃纤维的加入还可以提高该塑料的强度,提高尺寸稳定性,降低收缩率,减少翘曲变形。 [0019] A fiber according to an embodiment of the present invention flame retardant reinforced plastic and a preparation method, since the other components of the plastic include an antioxidant, a lubricant, a coupling agent, anti-UV agents, or any of several species, these ingredients may be added such that the plastic can be easily prolonged aging in a complex environment such as outdoors, and prolong its service life; added with the flame retardant plastic, enhances the flame retardancy of the material; and the addition of toughening agents can reduce the brittleness of the material, to improve the load bearing strength and impact resistance; in addition to the components described above, further comprising the plastic powder and an inorganic filler of glass fibers, an inorganic filler powder can enhance the thermal conductivity of the plastic, even under a high temperature environment resistant to heat deformation; glass fiber can further increase the strength of the plastic to improve the dimensional stability, reduced shrinkage, reduced warpage. 本发明实施例中的纤维增强阻燃塑料的阻燃性强、耐高温、热变形尺寸稳定、能长期在户外使用不易老化、加工方便、具有极佳的设计自由度,质量轻,大量生产的低成本优势。 Fibers in the embodiment of the present invention is a flame-retarded plastic reinforced strong, high-temperature, heat distortion dimensionally stable, long-term outdoor use not aging, easy to process, has an excellent degree of freedom in design, light weight, mass production of low-cost advantage.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0020] 本发明实施例提供了一种纤维增强阻燃塑料及其制备方法,用于解决现有技术中用于充电粧插座材料户外使用性能下降过快、阻燃性不足,抗冲击性弱,长时间使用容易变形等的问题。 [0020] Example embodiments of the present invention provides a fiber-reinforced flame-retardant plastic and a preparation method for solving the prior art for outdoor use charging makeup material of the socket rapid decline in performance, insufficient flame retardancy, impact resistance is weak , prolonged use of easy deformation problem.

[0021] 为使得本发明的发明目的、特征、优点能够更加的明显和易懂,下面将以实施例对本发明的内容进行阐述,但所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分实施例,而非全部的实施例。 [0021] The object of the present invention such that the invention, features, and advantages more comprehensible, the content of the present invention will be set forth in the following examples, but the described embodiments are merely part of embodiments of the present invention, rather than all embodiments. 基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其它实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。 Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments of ordinary skill in the art without any creative effort shall fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0022] 实施例1 [0022] Example 1

[0023] 本发明实施例提供的一种纤维增强阻燃塑料,其用到的主要成为为聚酯,聚酯,由多元醇和多元酸缩聚而得的聚合物总称。 A fiber according to an embodiment [0023] The present invention flame retardant reinforced plastics, which becomes mainly used a polyester, polyesters, by polycondensation of polyhydric alcohol and polybasic acid polymer obtained by general. 主要指聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯(PET),习惯上也包括聚对苯二甲酸丁二酯(PBT)和聚芳酯等线型热塑性树脂。 Mainly refers to polyethylene terephthalate (PET), also customary to include linear, thermoplastic polyethylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) resins, and polyarylate. 是一类性能优异、用途广泛的工程塑料。 It is a kind of high performance, versatile plastic. 也可制成聚酯纤维和聚酯薄膜。 It can also be made of polyester fibers and a polyester film. 聚酯包括聚酯树脂和聚酯弹性体。 Polyesters including polyester resins and polyester elastomers. 聚酯树脂又包括聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯(PET)、聚对苯二甲酸丁二酯(PBT))和聚芳酯(PAR)等。 And polyester resins include polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polybutylene terephthalate (PBT)), and polyarylate (PAR) and the like. 聚酯弹性体(TPEE)—般由对苯二甲酸二甲酯、1,4_ 丁二醇和聚丁醇聚合而成,链段包括硬段部分和软段部分,为热塑性弹性体。 Polyester elastomer (TPEE) - formed by a generally dimethyl terephthalate, butylene glycol and polyethylene 1,4_ butanol polymerization segments comprising hard segment and a soft segment portion, a thermoplastic elastomer.

[0024] 聚酯Polyethylene terephthalate (PET)属于高分子化合物。 [0024] Polyester Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) belongs to a polymer compound. 是由对苯二甲酸(PTA)和乙二醇(EG)经过缩聚产生聚对苯二甲酸乙二醇酯(PET),其中的部分PET再通过水下切粒而最终生成。 Is terephthalic acid (PTA) and ethylene glycol (EG) produced through the polycondensation of polyethylene terephthalate (PET), wherein the portion generated by the PET and then ultimately underwater pelletizing. 纤维级聚酯切片用于制造涤纶短纤维和涤纶长丝,是供给涤纶纤维企业加工纤维及相关产品的原料,涤纶作为化纤中产量最大的品种,占据着化纤行业近80% 的市场份额,因此聚酯系列的市场变化和发展趋势是化纤行业关注的重点。 Fiber grade polyester chips used in the manufacture of polyester staple fiber and polyester filament yarn, polyester fiber raw material supply enterprises processing fibers and related products, as the largest varieties of polyester production of chemical fiber, chemical fiber industry occupies nearly 80% market share, so changes in the market trends and polyester series of chemical fiber industry is the focus of attention. 同时聚酯还有瓶类、薄膜等用途,广泛应用于包装业、电子电器、医疗卫生、建筑、汽车等领域,其中包装是聚酯最大的非纤应用市场,同时也是PET增长最快的领域。 Meanwhile polyester as well as bottles, film and other applications, widely used in the packaging industry, electronics, health care, construction, automotive, packaging is among the largest non-polyester fiber applications market, but also the fastest growing areas of PET . 可以说聚酯切片是连接石化产品和多个行业产品的一个重要中间产品。 It can be said polyester chip is connected to multiple industries and petrochemicals products is an important intermediate product.

[0025] 实施例2 [0025] Example 2

[0026] —种纤维增强阻燃塑料,按重量份计,包括以下组分:70份聚酯、25份氢氧化镁、5 份钛白粉、7份GM接枝物、30份玻璃纤维、10份纳米三聚氰胺氰尿酸盐、0.4份抗氧剂、0.5份润滑剂、〇. 6份偶联剂、0.4份抗UV剂。 [0026] - fiber reinforced flame-retardant plastic species, in parts by weight, comprising the following components: 70 parts polyester, 25 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 5 parts of titanium white, 7 parts of the graft GM, 30 parts glass fiber, 10 nano-parts melamine cyanurate, 0.4 parts antioxidant, 0.5 parts of a lubricant, square. 6 parts coupling agent, 0.4 parts of an anti-UV agent.

[0027]制备方法: [0027] Preparation:

[0028] 按配比称取70份聚酯、25份氢氧化镁、5份钛白粉、7份GMA接枝物、10份纳米三聚氰胺氰尿酸盐、〇. 4份抗氧剂、0.5份润滑剂、0.6份偶联剂、0.4份抗UV剂。 [0028] 70 parts by weigh ratio of the polyester, 25 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 5 parts of titanium white, 7 parts of the graft GMA, 10 parts of melamine cyanurate nanometers, square. 4 parts of antioxidant, 0.5 parts of the lubricating agent, 0.6 parts of a coupling agent, 0.4 parts of an anti-UV agent.

[0029] 将所述组分经混合机进行充分混合,得到均匀的混合物; [0029] The components are sufficiently mixed by a mixer to obtain a homogeneous mixture;

[0030] 将所述混合物加入到双螺杆挤出造粒机组进行熔融,加工温度为170°至260°,螺杆转速350〜380r/min,在玻纤口喂入30份的玻璃纤维,经双螺杆挤出造粒机挤出、切粒制成均匀颗粒,得到所述的纤维增强阻燃塑料。 [0030] The mixture was fed into a twin-screw melt extrusion granulation unit, a processing temperature of 170 ° to 260 °, screw speed 350~380r / min, the glass fiber feeding port 30 parts of glass fibers, by double extrusion screw extrusion granulator, to obtain a homogeneous pelletized granules, the obtained fiber-reinforced flame-retardant plastic.

[0031] 实施例3 [0031] Example 3

[0032] 一种纤维增强阻燃塑料,按重量份计,包括以下组分:75份聚酯、28份氧化镁、7份钛白粉、8份EMA接枝物、20份玻璃纤维、5份二乙基次膦酸铝、0.4份抗氧剂、0.5份润滑剂, 〇. 6份偶联剂、0.4份抗UV剂。 [0032] A flame-retardant fiber-reinforced plastics, in parts by weight, comprising the following components: 75 parts polyester, 28 parts of magnesium oxide, 7 parts of titanium dioxide, 8 parts of EMA graft, 20 parts of glass fiber, 5 parts aluminum diethyl phosphinate, 0.4 parts antioxidant, 0.5 parts of a lubricant, square. 6 parts coupling agent, 0.4 parts of an anti-UV agent.

[0033] 制备方法: [0033] Preparation:

[0034] 按配比称取75份聚酯、28份氧化镁、7份钛白粉、8份EMA接枝物、5份二乙基次膦酸铝、〇. 4份抗氧剂、0.5份润滑剂、0.6份偶联剂、0.4份抗UV剂。 [0034] 75 parts by weigh ratio of the polyester, 28 parts of magnesium oxide, 7 parts of titanium dioxide, 8 parts of graft EMA, 5 parts of diethyl phosphinate, aluminum, square. 4 parts of antioxidant, 0.5 parts of the lubricating agent, 0.6 parts of a coupling agent, 0.4 parts of an anti-UV agent.

[0035] 将所述组分经混合机进行充分混合,得到均匀的混合物; [0035] The components are sufficiently mixed by a mixer to obtain a homogeneous mixture;

[0036] 将所述混合物加入到双螺杆挤出造粒机组进行熔融,加工温度为170°至260°,螺杆转速350〜380r/min,在玻纤口喂入20份的玻璃纤维,经双螺杆挤出造粒机挤出、切粒制成均匀颗粒,得到所述的纤维增强阻燃塑料。 [0036] The mixture was fed into a twin-screw melt extrusion granulation unit, a processing temperature of 170 ° to 260 °, screw speed 350~380r / min, the glass fiber feeding port 20 parts of glass fibers, by double extrusion screw extrusion granulator, to obtain a homogeneous pelletized granules, the obtained fiber-reinforced flame-retardant plastic.

[0037] 实施例4 [0037] Example 4

[0038] 一种纤维增强阻燃塑料,按重量份计,包括以下组分:80份聚酯、15份氢氧化镁、5 份氮化硼、9份EMH接枝物、25份玻璃纤维、6份纳米三聚氰胺氰尿酸盐、2份二乙基次膦酸铝、 〇. 4份抗氧剂、0.5份润滑剂、0.6份偶联剂、0.4份抗UV剂。 [0038] A flame-retardant fiber-reinforced plastics, in parts by weight, comprising the following components: 80 parts polyester, 15 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 5 parts of boron nitride, graft EMH 9 parts, 25 parts of glass fibers, 6 parts nano melamine cyanurate, 2 parts of aluminum diethyl phosphinate, square. 4 parts of antioxidant, 0.5 parts of a lubricant, 0.6 parts of a coupling agent, 0.4 parts of an anti-UV agent.

[0039] 制备方法: [0039] Preparation:

[0040] 按配比称取80份聚酯、15份氢氧化镁、5份氮化硼、9份EMH接枝物、6份纳米三聚氰胺氰尿酸盐、2份二乙基次膦酸铝、0.4份抗氧剂、0.5份润滑剂、0.6份偶联剂、0.4份抗UV剂; [0040] 80 parts by weigh ratio of the polyester, 15 parts of magnesium hydroxide, 5 parts of boron nitride, 9 parts of the graft EMH, 6 parts nano melamine cyanurate, 2 parts of aluminum diethyl phosphinate, 0.4 parts antioxidant, 0.5 parts of a lubricant, 0.6 parts of a coupling agent, 0.4 parts of an anti-UV agent;

[0041] 将所述组分经混合机进行充分混合,得到均匀的混合物; [0041] The components are sufficiently mixed by a mixer to obtain a homogeneous mixture;

[0042] 将所述混合物加入到双螺杆挤出造粒机组进行熔融,加工温度为170°至260°,螺杆转速350〜380r/min,在玻纤口喂入25份的玻璃纤维,经双螺杆挤出造粒机挤出、切粒制成均匀颗粒,得到所述的纤维增强阻燃塑料。 [0042] The mixture was fed into a twin-screw melt extrusion granulation unit, a processing temperature of 170 ° to 260 °, screw speed 350~380r / min, the glass fiber feeding port 25 parts of glass fibers, by double extrusion screw extrusion granulator, to obtain a homogeneous pelletized granules, the obtained fiber-reinforced flame-retardant plastic.

[0043] 综上所述,由于该塑料中的其它成分包括抗氧剂、润滑剂、偶联剂、抗UV剂中的一种或任意几种,这些成分的加入可以使得该塑料能够长时间在室外等复杂环境中不易老化,并且延长其使用寿命;该塑料添加有阻燃剂,增强了该材料的阻燃性;而且添加有增韧剂可以降低材料的脆性,提高抗冲击性以及承载强度;除了上述的成分外,该塑料还包括有无机填充粉和玻璃纤维,无机填充粉可以增强塑料的导热性,即使在高温的环境下也不易受热变形;玻璃纤维的加入还可以提高该塑料的强度,提高尺寸稳定性,降低收缩率,减少翘曲变形。 [0043] As described above, since the other components of the plastic include antioxidants, lubricants, coupling agents, one or more of any of several anti-UV agent, these ingredients may be added such that the plastic can be prolonged easy to aging in a complex environment such as outdoors, and prolong its service life; the addition of a flame retardant plastic, to enhance the flame retardancy of the material; and the toughening agent may be added to reduce the brittleness of the material, to improve impact resistance and a carrier strength; addition to the above components, the plastic further comprises an inorganic filler powder and glass fiber, inorganic filler powder can enhance the thermal conductivity of the plastic, even not susceptible to the high temperature environment, thermal deformation; glass fiber can further increase the plastic strength, improved dimensional stability, reduced shrinkage, reduced warpage. 本发明实施例中的纤维增强阻燃塑料的阻燃性强、耐高温、热变形尺寸稳定、能长期在户外使用不易老化、加工方便、具有极佳的设计自由度,质量轻,大量生产的低成本优势。 Fibers in the embodiment of the present invention is a flame-retarded plastic reinforced strong, high-temperature, heat distortion dimensionally stable, long-term outdoor use not aging, easy to process, has an excellent degree of freedom in design, light weight, mass production of low-cost advantage.

[0044] 上述是对本发明实施例提供的一种纤维增强阻燃塑料的主要成分以及制备方法进行详细的描述,下面将以一个应用方法对本塑料进行进一步的描述,本发明实施例提供的一种纤维增强型阻燃塑料的一个应用例包括: [0044] The above is a fiber according to an embodiment of the present invention enhances a main component and a method for preparing flame-retardant plastic described in detail, the following method of the present application will be further described plastic A according to an embodiment of the present invention application of a fiber-reinforced flame retardant plastic embodiment comprises:

[0045] 本纤维增强阻燃塑料,主要用于充电粧的插头,由于该材料为塑料,所以具有优良绝缘性能,而且该塑料成分中包括增韧剂,可以提高抗冲击性以及承载强度,而且保证塑料在低温中可以使用;玻璃纤维的加入还可以提高该塑料的强度,提高尺寸稳定性;无机填充粉的加入提高该塑料的耐热性;由于该塑料用于充电粧的插头,涉及到电,有一定的易燃危险,所以在其成分中加入阻燃剂,很好地杜绝发生火灾的隐患;还有其它成分的加入提升了该塑料的耐候性,在室外等复杂环境长时间使用不易产生变形、老化。 [0045] The present flame-retardant fiber reinforced plastic, mainly for the makeup of the charging plug, since this material is a plastic, it has excellent insulation properties, and that the plastic component comprises toughening agents, impact resistance, and can improve the bearing strength, and to ensure that the plastic can be used in low temperature; glass fiber can further increase the strength of the plastic to improve dimensional stability; the inorganic filler powder is added to improve the heat resistance of the plastic; as makeup for charging of the plastic plug, involving electricity, there is a certain risk of flammable, flame retardant was added so that its composition, is well prevent fire hazard; and other ingredients to enhance the weather resistance of the plastic is used for a long time in a complex environment such as outdoors not easily deformed, aging.

[0046] 以上所述,以上实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案,而非对其限制;尽管参照前述实施例对本发明进行了详细的说明,本领域的普通技术人员应当理解:其依然可以对前述各实施例所记载的技术方案进行修改,或者对其中部分技术特征进行等同替换;而这些修改或者替换,并不使相应技术方案的本质脱离本发明各实施例技术方案的精神和范围。 [0046] The above embodiments above are intended to illustrate the present invention, rather than limiting;. Although the present invention has been described in detail embodiments, those of ordinary skill in the art should be understood: that they may still It may be made to the technical solutions described in the foregoing modified embodiment, or some technical features equivalents; as such modifications or replacements do not cause the essence of corresponding technical solutions to depart from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention .

Claims (6)

1. 一种纤维增强阻燃塑料,其特征在于,按重量份计,包括以下组分: 聚酯70〜80份; 无机填充粉20〜3 5份; 增韧剂6〜10份; 纤维20〜30份; 阻燃剂5〜丨0份; 其它组份卜3份; 其中,所述其它组份包括抗氧剂、润滑剂、偶联剂、抗UV剂中的一种或多种。 A flame-retardant fiber-reinforced plastic, wherein, in parts by weight, comprising the following components: polyester 70~80 parts; 5 parts of an inorganic filler powder 20~3; toughening agent 6~10 parts; fibers 20 ~ 30 parts; Shu -5 to 0 parts of a flame retardant; Bu 3 parts of the other components; wherein said other components include antioxidants, lubricants, coupling agents, anti-UV agents, one or more.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的纤维增强阻燃塑料,其特征在于,所述无机填充粉为氢氧化镁、氧化镁、氮化硼、钛白粉中的一种或任意几种的组合。 2. The fiber according to claim 1 reinforced flame-retardant plastic, wherein said inorganic powder filler is magnesium hydroxide, magnesium oxide, boron nitride, titanium dioxide or a combination of one kind of arbitrary ones.
3. 根据权利要求1所述的纤维增强阻燃塑料,其特征在于,所述增韧剂为GMA接枝物、 EM接枝物、EMH接枝物中的一种或任意几种的组合。 3. The fiber according to claim 1 retardant reinforced plastics, characterized in that the toughening agent is a graft GMA, the EM grafts, grafts the EMH any one or combination of several.
4. 根据权利要求1所述的纤维增强阻燃塑料,其特征在于,所述阻燃剂为纳米三聚氰胺氰尿酸盐、二乙基次膦酸铝、溴化聚苯乙烯、三氧化二锑中的一种或任意几种的组合。 4. A fiber according to claim 1, wherein said flame retardant reinforced plastics, wherein said flame retardant is melamine cyanurate nanometers, aluminum diethyl phosphinate, brominated polystyrene, antimony trioxide in one or a combination of arbitrary ones.
5. 根据权利要求1所述的纤维增强阻燃塑料,其特征在于,所述纤维为玻璃纤维。 The fiber according to claim 1 retardant reinforced plastic, wherein the fibers are glass fibers.
6. —种纤维增强阻燃塑料的制备方法,其特征在于,包括以下步骤: 按配比称取70〜80份聚酯、20〜35份无机填充粉、6〜10份增韧剂、5〜10份阻燃剂、1〜 3份其它组份; 将所述组分经混合机进行充分混合,得到均匀的混合物; 将所述混合物加入到双螺杆挤出造粒机组进行熔融,加工温度为170°至260°,螺杆转速350〜380r/min,在玻纤口喂入20〜30份的玻璃纤维,经双螺杆挤出造粒机挤出、切粒制成均匀颗粒,得到如权利要求1至5任意一项所述的纤维增强阻燃塑料。 6. - The method of preparing fiber reinforced kind of flame-retardant plastic, which is characterized by comprising the steps of: weighing 70~80 parts according to the ratio of polyester, 20~35 parts of an inorganic filler powder, 6~10 parts of toughening agent, -5 to 10 parts of flame retardant, 1 ~ 3 parts of the other components; the components were sufficiently mixed by a mixer to obtain a homogeneous mixture; the mixture was fed into a twin-screw melt extrusion granulation unit, processing temperature 170 ° to 260 °, screw speed 350~380r / min, the glass fiber feeding port 20 to 30 parts of glass fibers, twin-screw extruder an extrusion granulator, to obtain a homogeneous pelletized particles obtained as claimed in claim any one of claims 1 to 5, fiber reinforced and flame retardant plastic.
CN201611219394.5A 2016-12-26 2016-12-26 Fiber reinforced flame-retardant plastic and preparation method thereof CN106751537A (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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EP0423505A1 (en) * 1989-10-16 1991-04-24 General Electric Company Glass fiber reinforced polyester molding compound with improved physical strength properties
US20070049702A1 (en) * 2005-08-31 2007-03-01 Kim Sung D High flow polyester composition, method of manufacture, and uses thereof
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