CN106744340B - A kind of multi-functional special purpose crane in laboratory applied to small space - Google Patents

A kind of multi-functional special purpose crane in laboratory applied to small space Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106744340B
CN106744340B CN201610990123.3A CN201610990123A CN106744340B CN 106744340 B CN106744340 B CN 106744340B CN 201610990123 A CN201610990123 A CN 201610990123A CN 106744340 B CN106744340 B CN 106744340B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
crane
end carriage
girder
special purpose
small space
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201610990123.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106744340A (en
Inventor
曹旭阳
李玉刚
魏兴
白朝阳
孙绍琳
李超
李豪
贾磊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Dalian University of Technology
Dalian Yiliya Construction Machinery Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Dalian University of Technology
Dalian Yiliya Construction Machinery Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Dalian University of Technology, Dalian Yiliya Construction Machinery Co Ltd filed Critical Dalian University of Technology
Priority to CN201610990123.3A priority Critical patent/CN106744340B/en
Publication of CN106744340A publication Critical patent/CN106744340A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106744340B publication Critical patent/CN106744340B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C17/00Overhead travelling cranes comprising one or more substantially horizontal girders the ends of which are directly supported by wheels or rollers running on tracks carried by spaced supports
    • B66C17/04Overhead travelling cranes comprising one or more substantially horizontal girders the ends of which are directly supported by wheels or rollers running on tracks carried by spaced supports with lifting beams, e.g. slewable beams, carrying load-engaging elements, e.g. magnets, hooks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C6/00Girders, or track-supporting structures, specially adapted for cranes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C7/00Runways, tracks or trackways for trolleys or cranes
    • B66C7/16Devices specially adapted for limiting trolley or crane travel; Arrangements of buffer-stops
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C9/00Travelling gear incorporated in or fitted to trolleys or cranes
    • B66C9/08Runners; Runner bearings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C9/00Travelling gear incorporated in or fitted to trolleys or cranes
    • B66C9/14Trolley or crane travel drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C9/00Travelling gear incorporated in or fitted to trolleys or cranes
    • B66C9/16Travelling gear incorporated in or fitted to trolleys or cranes with means for maintaining alignment between wheels and track
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C9/00Travelling gear incorporated in or fitted to trolleys or cranes
    • B66C9/18Travelling gear incorporated in or fitted to trolleys or cranes with means for locking trolleys or cranes to runways or tracks to prevent inadvertent movements

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of multi-functional special purpose cranes in the laboratory applied to small space, are related to a kind of special purpose crane, belong to hoisting machinery technical field.The present invention is made of girder 1, electric block 2, underslung trolley 3, operating mechanism 4, end carriage 5, wind-proof device 6, buffer unit 7 etc..Electric block 2 is mounted on the girder 1 equipped with i-beam track, realizes the lifting operation of weight.The main body of girder 1 is truss structure, wherein two chord members also serve as the running track of underslung trolley 3.Trolley 3 realizes short distance lifting by hydraulic cylinder etc., for carrying experimental facilities.Operating mechanism 4 is driven using " three-in-one " decelerating motor, and mechanical efficiency is high, compact-sized.5 both ends of end carriage are equipped with buffer unit 7, when can effectively reduce crane and running to track extreme position, collide the impact force on steel construction.When for being applied to have the environment of wind, the wind-proof device 6 for being mounted on 5 both ends of end carriage can effectively avoid crane from blowing sliding by wind.

Description

A kind of multi-functional special purpose crane in laboratory applied to small space
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of special purpose cranes, belong to hoisting machinery technical field.
Background technique
With the development of social economy, the progress of science and technology, example more more and more intense to the individual requirement of hoisting machinery If the biggish Laboratory Request crane of certain wind load the trolley of air blower and can lift by crane the suspension hook of experimental facilities with can carry, Crane the space occupied is required simultaneously more harsh.
If one suspension hook lifts air blower using common bridge crane, another suspension hook lifts experimental facilities.Then When one side air blower works, air blower is by reaction force, and since horizontal direction lacks enough constraints, air blower occurs tight The swing of weight, influences experiment effect, safety is also poor.
On the other hand, the bridge crane front face area of box beam is larger, does not meet environmental requirement.If being changed to truss knot The girder of structure, although reducing front face area, the depth of section of girder is larger, does not meet space requirement.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention: it is applied in biggish laboratory to solve above-mentioned conventional hoist in small space, wind load Relevant issues, a kind of multi-functional special purpose crane in the laboratory applied to small space is provided, such crane is made to meet ring Border and the requirement used.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the present invention provides a kind of multi-functional dedicated liftings in laboratory applied to small space Machine, which is characterized in that the crane includes girder, electric block, underslung trolley, crane travel mechanism, end carriage;Girder Main body is truss structure, and the both ends connecting with end carriage are the box-structure of variable cross-section;The middle part of main body truss structure is triangle Section, truss structure are connected with box-structure, and junction transition is quadrangular section;Two sets of truss knots are connected using fashioned iron Structure, fashioned iron lower surface are connected with the I-steel for also serving as electric block running track;The end carriage is box-structure, is inserted into Between the upper and lower cover plates of girder;Electric block is mounted in the middle part of girder on I-steel;Two rectangle chord members of girder also serve as suspension The running track of trolley;Underslung trolley realizes short distance lifting by hydraulic cylinder;Crane travel mechanism is by adhesion wheel group, quilt Motor car wheel group composition, adhesion wheel group are driven by three-in-one decelerating motor.
Preferably, end carriage both ends are equipped with buffer unit.
Preferably, wind-proof device is installed at end carriage both ends.
Preferably, end carriage horizontal wheels are housed on end carriage.
Preferably, the operating system of the underslung trolley is made of operation wheel, horizontal wheels, anti-idler wheel, driving device, fortune Driving wheel includes actively and passively two kinds, and for being primarily subjected to the gravity of underslung trolley and suspended object, active operation wheel is by three It is mechanical high-efficient to unify decelerating motor driving, it is compact-sized;There are certain gaps between horizontal wheels and track side surfaces, small hanging It is run when vehicle runs deflection with track side surfaces contact, the deflection for limiting trolley.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: 1 main structure of girder uses truss-like, end transition is box-structure, and end carriage 5 is inserted Enter between end of main beam upper and lower cover plates, reduce overall height and reduces front face area.Crane is equipped with mounted in work in the middle part of girder Electric block 2 on word steel 11 tests related weight for lifting by crane.Crane is equipped with the underslung trolley 3 on rectangle chord member For carrying experimental facilities.Underslung trolley 3, which is equipped with operation wheel 12, horizontal wheels 13, anti-idler wheel 14, prevents underslung trolley 3 from swinging. 5 two sides of crane end carriage are equipped with buffer 7, reduce the impact collided on steel construction when crane runs to track extreme position Power.The wind-proof device 6 for being mounted on 5 both ends of end carriage can effectively avoid crane from blowing sliding by wind.The end carriage being mounted on end carriage 5 Horizontal wheels 16 can prevent from occurring gnawing the abnormal phenomenon such as rail in crane operational process.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is crane main view.
Fig. 2 is crane side view.
Fig. 3 is main beam structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is girder and end carriage attachment structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is the scheme of installation of electric block and underslung trolley on girder.
Fig. 6 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 5 at I.
Fig. 7 is end carriage and operating mechanism and associated satellite part main view.
Fig. 8 is the top view of Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is laboratory elevational schematic view.
Attached drawing mark:
1- girder, 2- electric block, 3- underslung trolley, 4- crane travel mechanism, 5- end carriage, 6- wind-proof device, 7- are slow Flushing device, 8- box-structure, 9- truss structure, 10- fashioned iron, 11- I-steel, 12- operation wheel, 13- horizontal wheels, 14- is counter to be rolled Wheel, the three-in-one decelerating motor of 15-, 16- end carriage horizontal wheels.
Specific embodiment
Design requirement: applying and be equipped with wind-tunnel at the top of deep-sea engineering experiment room, such laboratory, is used to analog sea overhead The height of air flowing, authenticity when for guarantee test, air flowing should adjoined water surface, therefore this special purpose crane as far as possible Wind-tunnel influence area can only be erected at, it is desirable that the front face area of crane is small as far as possible.On the other hand, it is desirable that monkey suspension Wind devices are made in part, and height of this equipment apart from the water surface cannot be excessive.
Fig. 1 is to crane shown in Fig. 2, using the girder 1 of special shape, equipped with can raising weight 2 He of electric block It can be used to carry the underslung trolley 3 of the energy such as experimental facilities or more height-fine adjustment.It is truss structure 9, end in the middle part of girder shown in Fig. 3 Portion is box-structure 8, and two sets of truss structures are connected by fashioned iron 10, and I-steel 11 is connected on the downside of fashioned iron 10.Based on shown in Fig. 4 The connection structure of beam 1 and end carriage 5.Fig. 5, electric block shown in fig. 62 are hung on the middle part I-steel 11 of girder 1, are hung small Vehicle 3 is installed on the rectangle chord member of girder 1, and the operating mechanism of underslung trolley 3 includes operation wheel 12, horizontal wheels 13 and anti-idler wheel 14.Fig. 7, Fig. 8 show end carriage and crane travel mechanism, are driven using three-in-one decelerating motor 15, and both ends are equipped with radix saposhnikoviae dress 6 and buffer unit 7 are set, 5 two sides of end carriage are pressed in track side surfaces equipped with end carriage horizontal wheels 16.Fig. 9 is laboratory elevational schematic view.
Detailed construction is as follows: the crane include girder 1, electric block 2, underslung trolley 3, crane travel mechanism 4, End carriage 5, wind-proof device 6, buffer unit 7 etc..
For the influence for reducing wind load as far as possible, the main body of girder 1 is truss structure 9, for reduce complete machine height and with end carriage 5 Connection, both ends are the box-structure 8 of variable cross-section.The middle part of main body truss structure 9 is triangular-section, for convenient for main body truss knot Structure 9 is connected with box-structure 8, and junction transition is quadrangular section.Two sets of truss structures 9, fashioned iron are connected using fashioned iron 10 10 lower surfaces are connected with the I-steel 11 for also serving as electric block running track.
End carriage 5 is box-structure, is inserted between the upper and lower cover plates of girder 1, this connection type makes structure overall height It is minimum.
The electric block 2 being mounted on 1 middle part I-steel 11 of girder can realize the lifting operation of weight.
Two rectangle chord members of girder 1 also serve as the running track of underslung trolley 3.Underslung trolley 3 is realized by hydraulic cylinder etc. Short distance lifting, for carrying experimental facilities.The operating system of underslung trolley 3 is by operation wheel 12, horizontal wheels 13, anti-idler wheel 14, driving device etc. forms, and operation wheel 12 includes actively and passively two kinds, for being primarily subjected to underslung trolley 3 and suspended object Gravity, active operation wheel is mechanical high-efficient by the driving of three-in-one decelerating motor, compact-sized.Horizontal wheels 13 and track side surfaces Between there are certain gap, contacted when underslung trolley runs deflection with track side surfaces, limit the deflection operation of trolley.Work as suspension When 3 bottom of trolley is by greater level load (such as inertial load, wind load), anti-idler wheel 14 can effectively avoid underslung trolley 3 It is integral inclined.
Crane travel mechanism 4 is made of adhesion wheel group, passive wheel group, and adhesion wheel group is by three-in-one decelerating motor 15 drivings.
5 both ends of end carriage are equipped with buffer unit 7, when can effectively reduce crane and running to track extreme position, collide steel Impact force in structure.
When for being applied to have the environment of wind, the wind-proof device 6 for being mounted on 5 both ends of end carriage effectively can avoid crane by wind Blow sliding.
To prevent from occurring in crane operational process gnawing the abnormal phenomenon such as rail, end carriage horizontal wheels 16 are housed on end carriage 5.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of multi-functional special purpose crane in laboratory applied to small space, which is characterized in that the crane includes master Beam (1), electric block (2), underslung trolley (3), crane travel mechanism (4), end carriage (5);
The main body of girder (1) is truss structure (9), and the both ends connecting with end carriage (5) are the box-structure (8) of variable cross-section;Main body The middle part of truss structure (9) is triangular-section, and truss structure (9) is connected with box-structure (8), and junction transition is four sides Tee section;Two sets of truss structures (9) are connected using fashioned iron (10), fashioned iron (10) lower surface is connected with for also serving as electric block fortune The I-steel (11) of row track;
The end carriage (5) is box-structure, is inserted between the upper and lower cover plates of girder (1);
Electric block (2) is mounted in the middle part of girder (1) on I-steel (11);
Two rectangle chord members of girder (1) also serve as the running track of underslung trolley (3);
Underslung trolley (3) realizes short distance lifting by hydraulic cylinder;
Crane travel mechanism (4) is made of adhesion wheel group, passive wheel group, and adhesion wheel group is by three-in-one decelerating motor (15) it drives.
2. the multi-functional special purpose crane in a kind of laboratory applied to small space according to claim 1, feature exist In end carriage (5) both ends are equipped with buffer unit (7).
3. the multi-functional special purpose crane in a kind of laboratory applied to small space according to claim 1, feature exist In in end carriage (5) both ends installation wind-proof device (6).
4. the multi-functional special purpose crane in a kind of laboratory applied to small space according to claim 1, feature exist In equipped with end carriage horizontal wheels (16) on end carriage (5).
5. the multi-functional special purpose crane in a kind of laboratory applied to small space according to claim 1, feature exist In the operating system of the underslung trolley (3) is by operation wheel (12), horizontal wheels (13), anti-idler wheel (14), driving device group At operation wheel (12) includes actively and passively two kinds, for being primarily subjected to the gravity of underslung trolley (3) and suspended object;It is horizontal There are certain gaps between wheel (13) and track side surfaces, when underslung trolley runs deflection with track side surfaces contact, limit trolley Deflection operation.
CN201610990123.3A 2016-11-10 2016-11-10 A kind of multi-functional special purpose crane in laboratory applied to small space Active CN106744340B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610990123.3A CN106744340B (en) 2016-11-10 2016-11-10 A kind of multi-functional special purpose crane in laboratory applied to small space

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610990123.3A CN106744340B (en) 2016-11-10 2016-11-10 A kind of multi-functional special purpose crane in laboratory applied to small space

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106744340A CN106744340A (en) 2017-05-31
CN106744340B true CN106744340B (en) 2019-04-16

Family

ID=58973611

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610990123.3A Active CN106744340B (en) 2016-11-10 2016-11-10 A kind of multi-functional special purpose crane in laboratory applied to small space

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106744340B (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI632104B (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-08-11 潤弘精密工程事業股份有限公司 Device for fixing gantry crane rails in factory buildings and gantry crane system using the same
CN108584713B (en) * 2018-04-04 2020-04-24 中交第三公路工程局有限公司 Novel process and equipment for hoisting assembly type component

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7503460B1 (en) * 2004-10-04 2009-03-17 Davor Petricio Yaksic Gantry crane
CN2937065Y (en) * 2006-07-19 2007-08-22 山东丰汇设备技术有限公司 Crane span structure of round pipe truss structure
DE102012102808A1 (en) * 2012-03-30 2013-10-02 Demag Cranes & Components Gmbh Crane, in particular overhead crane or gantry crane, with at least one crane girder
CN204022291U (en) * 2014-07-23 2014-12-17 江苏华澄重工有限公司 Transfer crane del cross section truss girder
CN204802867U (en) * 2015-03-06 2015-11-25 广西壮族自治区特种设备检验研究院 Cross section is gantry crane girder of triangle -shaped structure
CN204474144U (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-07-15 宏峰集团(福建)有限公司 A kind of heavy type truss formula crane girder

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN106744340A (en) 2017-05-31

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201882763U (en) Special carrying pole type beam of double-machine lifting crane
CN106744340B (en) A kind of multi-functional special purpose crane in laboratory applied to small space
CN202449737U (en) Main girder of electric single-girder crane
CN202429920U (en) Multi-trolley and double-girder gantry crane
CN202465099U (en) Single-girder partial hanging gantry crane
CN107399676B (en) A kind of double girder overhead crane
CN202465109U (en) Motor-driven double-beam grab bucket gantry crane
CN202465103U (en) Bridge crane with rotary clamp
CN207792434U (en) Machine room right-angled door-opened elevator traction driving device
CN202465115U (en) Double main beam gantry crane
CN202465102U (en) Double-trolley rotary electromagnetic overhead crane with carrier-beam
CN202848822U (en) Energy-saving elevator
CN202429915U (en) Large-tonnage lifting hook overhead crane
CN202465196U (en) Tunnel stacker crane
CN205527210U (en) Car mounting bracket for elevator
CN202492296U (en) Spinning electromagnetic suspension beam bridge crane
CN203613842U (en) Elevating apparatus of subway or light rail train
CN202449736U (en) Electric single-beam crane cross beam device
CN209618693U (en) A kind of encircling type single-beam operation trolley
CN202880703U (en) Special crane for repairing subway
CN203333117U (en) Fixing structure of shaft bottom rope sheaves
CN216155257U (en) Traction construction elevator
CN208413679U (en) A kind of double girders suspension high raising suspension hook bridge cranes of cantilever of low clearance
CN202465195U (en) Movable type tunnel stacker crane
CN202465114U (en) Easily maintainable large-sized ship building gantry crane

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant