CN106740138B - Suspend railcar in midair and get electric system - Google Patents

Suspend railcar in midair and get electric system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106740138B
CN106740138B CN201610977686.9A CN201610977686A CN106740138B CN 106740138 B CN106740138 B CN 106740138B CN 201610977686 A CN201610977686 A CN 201610977686A CN 106740138 B CN106740138 B CN 106740138B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rail car
rail
electricity taking
contact line
sliding contact
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Active
Application number
CN201610977686.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106740138A (en
Inventor
葛大力
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenzhen Micro Track Droplet Technology Co ltd
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Shenzhen Micro Track Droplet Technology Co ltd
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Application filed by Shenzhen Micro Track Droplet Technology Co ltd filed Critical Shenzhen Micro Track Droplet Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN201610977686.9A priority Critical patent/CN106740138B/en
Publication of CN106740138A publication Critical patent/CN106740138A/en
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Publication of CN106740138B publication Critical patent/CN106740138B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L5/00Current collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles
    • B60L5/38Current collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles for collecting current from conductor rails
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61BRAILWAY SYSTEMS; EQUIPMENT THEREFOR NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B61B3/00Elevated railway systems with suspended vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2200/00Type of vehicles
    • B60L2200/26Rail vehicles

Abstract

The invention discloses a power taking system of a suspended rail car, which comprises: the power supply device comprises an anode sliding contact line and a cathode sliding contact line, and the anode sliding contact line and the cathode sliding contact line are respectively arranged on the side surfaces of the left side rail and the right side rail; the rail car running gear sets up on the track, and the rail car suspends in midair in rail running gear below, and rail car running gear's top sets up get the electric installation, it contains anodal brush and negative pole brush to get the electric installation, it gets the electricity through anodal brush contact positive pole wiping line on the track, negative pole brush contact negative pole wiping line on the track and provides power for rail car running gear. The power taking system is small in size, stable in structure, suitable for high-speed operation and convenient for frequently switching power supply of the trolley line and power supply of the battery.

Description

Suspend railcar in midair and get electric system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of micro rail transit, in particular to a power taking system of a suspended rail car.
Background
At present, two sliding contact electricity taking modes are adopted by large-scale rail vehicles, wherein one mode is a rigid sliding contact line which can bear large current and has high speed. But the volume is large and the cost is high.
The other type is a safe sliding contact line, a current collector runs in a sliding line rubber sleeve, the speed is limited, and the sliding contact line safety slide contact line is well suitable for the conditions that electricity is taken through the sliding contact line in a local track section, power is supplied to the local section by a battery, and the sliding contact line needs to be frequently entered and exited. However, the current collector of the existing safe sliding contact line is too large in size and is difficult to apply to the narrow pipe rail of the micro-rail intelligent traffic.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a power taking system for a suspended rail car, and aims to provide a light and stable power taking mode which is more suitable for a miniature rail car and is suitable for a high-speed rail car.
In order to realize above purpose, provide a hang in midair railcar and get electrical system, include: power supply device
The power supply device, the rail car running mechanism and the rail;
the power supply device comprises an anode sliding contact line and a cathode sliding contact line, and the anode sliding contact line and the cathode sliding contact line are respectively arranged on the side surfaces of the left side rail and the right side rail;
the rail car travelling mechanism is arranged on the rail, and the rail car is suspended below the rail car travelling mechanism;
the electricity taking device is arranged at the top of the rail car travelling mechanism and comprises a positive electrode electric brush and a negative electrode electric brush, and the electricity taking device obtains electric power for the rail car travelling mechanism through the positive electrode electric brush contacting with a positive electrode sliding contact line on the rail and the negative electrode electric brush contacting with a negative electrode sliding contact line on the rail.
Furthermore, the power supply device further comprises an insulating rubber sleeve, and the positive slide contact line and the negative slide contact line are respectively fixed with the side face of the track through the insulating rubber sleeve.
Further, the track is square pipe shape, and orbital below is provided with the opening with the track synteny, the opening is located between railcar running gear and the railcar.
Further, the electricity taking device comprises an upright post, a positive electrode electricity taking unit and a negative electrode electricity taking unit are sleeved on the upright post, the positive electrode electricity taking unit and the negative electrode electricity taking unit respectively comprise a bearing, a fixing ring and a carbon brush, the fixing ring is arranged outside the bearing, and the fixing ring fixes the electric brush through an elastic sheet; the fixing rings of the positive electrode electricity taking unit and the negative electrode electricity taking unit are connected through a coil spring.
Furthermore, the positive electrode electricity taking unit and the negative electrode electricity taking unit also comprise annular limiters, the annular limiters are fixed above the upright posts and positioned on the inner sides of the fixing rings, and the outer edges of the limiters are provided with bulges; the fixing ring is provided with a notch, and the protrusion on the limiting stopper is positioned in the notch on the fixing ring.
Furthermore, a bearing retainer ring is arranged above the bearing and corresponds to the position of the bearing inner ring.
Furthermore, the upright post is fixed on the top of the rail car travelling mechanism.
According to the electricity taking system for the suspension rail car, the positive and negative sliding contact lines are arranged on the two side surfaces of the rail, and the electricity taking device is in contact with the sliding contact lines through the elastic sheets, so that the electricity taking system is suitable for small-space rails, has the characteristics of rigid sliding contact lines and is suitable for high speed; the power supply device is also suitable for the power supply of the slide contact line of the local line, and the power supply mode can be frequently switched; and the pressure of the current collectors at the two sides of the sliding contact line to the conductive rail is the same, so that the reliability is higher.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a power taking system of a suspended railcar according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an assembly view of the traveling mechanism and the power-taking device of the rail car of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the track and power supply assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an exploded view of the power-taking device according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the power-taking device according to the present invention;
fig. 6 is an exploded view of the structure of the positive electrode electricity-taking unit or the negative electrode electricity-taking unit according to the present invention.
In the figure:
Detailed Description
For a better understanding of the implementation and effect of the present invention, the following detailed description is provided in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, and it should be understood that the embodiments do not limit the scope of the present invention.
A power taking system of a suspended rail car is shown in figure 1: comprises a power taking device 10, a power supply device 20, a rail car travelling mechanism 40 and a rail 30, wherein the rail car is suspended below the rail car travelling mechanism 40. As shown in fig. 2, the rail car traveling mechanism 40 is provided with a front traveling wheel and a rear traveling wheel 41, all or part of which travel along the rail 30 under the action of a motor, and the motor takes power from a power supply connected to the power supply device 20 through the power taking device 10.
As shown in fig. 3, the power supply device 20 includes a positive slide contact line 21 and a negative slide contact line 23, and the positive slide contact line 21 and the negative slide contact line 23 are respectively disposed on the lateral surfaces of the left rail and the right rail; the left side rail and the right side rail may be a square pipe-shaped integral connection structure as shown in fig. 4, or may be provided separately. As shown in fig. 4, an opening is formed below the rail, the length of the opening is the same as that of the rail, a horizontal portion 32 below the rail is used for supporting a traveling wheel of a rail car traveling mechanism 40, and a side portion 31 of the rail, which is vertically arranged, is used for fixing a trolley line and guiding turning, branching, merging and the like of the rail car traveling mechanism. In order to insulate the left slide wire from the right slide wire, the positive slide wire and the negative slide wire are respectively arranged in the insulating rubber sleeve 22 and then fixed on the left side and the right side of the track. The top of the track 30 is closed, so that the rail car travelling mechanism 40 and the power taking device 10 can be effectively protected from being exposed to the external environment, and the performance and the safety of the rail car travelling mechanism 40 and the power taking device 10 are guaranteed.
As shown in fig. 5, the electricity taking device 10 is disposed at the top of the rail car traveling mechanism 40, the electricity taking device 10 includes an upright post 1, a positive electricity taking unit and a negative electricity taking unit, the positive electricity taking unit and the negative electricity taking unit have the same result, and are overlapped on the upright post 1 from top to bottom. As shown in fig. 6, the positive pole electricity-taking unit and the negative pole electricity-taking unit respectively include a bearing, a fixing ring disposed outside the bearing, and an electric brush fixed outside the fixing ring by a spring. The power taking unit used for connecting the positive slide contact wire is a positive power taking unit, and the electric brush of the power taking unit is a positive electric brush; the power taking unit used for being connected with the negative slide contact line is a negative power taking unit, and the electric brush connected with the negative slide contact line is a negative electric brush. The positive brush contacts the positive slide contact line on the track, and the negative brush contacts the negative slide contact line on the track to get electricity, so as to obtain power for the rail car. As shown in fig. 4, the upright 1 is cylindrical, and the upright 1 is fixed to the top of the rail car running mechanism 40. The bearing 6 comprises a bearing inner ring and a bearing outer ring, the bearing inner ring is fixedly sleeved on the upright post 1, and the bearing outer ring is used for fixing an electric brush. In order to ensure the safety of the bearing structure, as shown in fig. 6, a bearing retainer ring 7 is arranged above the bearing 6 corresponding to the position of the bearing inner ring. Preferably, a first fixing ring 2 is fixed outside a bearing outer ring of one of the electricity taking units, one end of a spring plate 4 is fixed outside the first fixing ring 2, and one of the electric brushes 5 is fixed at the other end of the spring plate 4; a second fixing ring 3 is arranged outside the bearing of the other electricity taking unit, and the outer side of the second fixing ring 3 is fixed with another electric brush 5 through another elastic sheet 4; in order to make the brush better adapt to the width of the track, the second fixing ring 3 is connected with the first fixing ring 2 through a coil spring 8, specifically, as shown in fig. 4, that is, the edge of the first fixing ring 2 is provided with one bayonet, the edge of the second fixing ring 3 is provided with another bayonet, and two ends of the coil spring 8 are respectively arranged in the bayonet of the first fixing ring 2 and the bayonet of the second fixing ring 3, so as to connect the first fixing ring 2 and the second fixing ring 3, and make the first fixing ring 2 and the second fixing ring 3 rotate relatively.
The power supply of the rail car comprises two power supply modes of battery power supply and trolley line power supply, and can be frequently switched between the two power supply modes, in order to ensure that the direction of an electric brush of the power taking device 10 is not reversed when the trolley line power supply is switched to the battery power supply, a positive pole power taking unit and a negative pole power taking unit of the power taking device 10 respectively comprise a limiting stopper 9, as shown in fig. 4, the limiting stopper 9 is annular and is fixed above the upright post 1 and positioned at the inner sides of the first fixing ring 2 and the second fixing ring 3, as shown in fig. 5, a protrusion 91 is arranged on the outer edge of the limiting stopper 9, and the protrusion can be a pin; be equipped with a breach 92 on the solid fixed ring 3 of second, protruding 91 on the stopper 9 is located the solid fixed ring 3 of second on breach 92 to the swing range restriction that makes the brush is in the length range of breach 92, and then the brush can normally contact left side wiping line and right side wiping line when the guarantee railcar switches back wiping line power supply from the battery powered.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described above with reference to the accompanying drawings, and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the invention. Any modifications, equivalents and improvements which may occur to those skilled in the art without departing from the scope and spirit of the present invention are intended to be within the scope of the claims.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a hang electric system is got to railcar in midair which characterized in that includes: the power supply device, the electricity taking device, the rail car running mechanism and the rail;
the power supply device comprises an anode sliding contact line and a cathode sliding contact line, and the anode sliding contact line and the cathode sliding contact line are respectively arranged on the side surfaces of the left side rail and the right side rail;
the rail car travelling mechanism is arranged on the track, and the rail car is suspended below the rail car travelling mechanism;
the power taking device is arranged at the top of the rail car travelling mechanism and comprises a positive electrode electric brush and a negative electrode electric brush, and the power taking device obtains electric power for the rail car travelling mechanism through the positive electrode electric brush contacting a positive electrode sliding contact line on the rail and the negative electrode electric brush contacting a negative electrode sliding contact line on the rail;
the electricity taking device comprises an upright post, a positive electrode electricity taking unit and a negative electrode electricity taking unit are sleeved on the upright post, the positive electrode electricity taking unit and the negative electrode electricity taking unit respectively comprise a bearing, a fixing ring and a carbon brush, the fixing ring is arranged outside the bearing, and the fixing ring fixes the electric brush through an elastic sheet; the fixing rings of the positive electrode electricity taking unit and the negative electrode electricity taking unit are connected through a coil spring.
2. The electricity taking system for the suspended rail car according to claim 1, wherein: the power supply device further comprises an insulating rubber sleeve, and the positive slide contact line and the negative slide contact line are fixed to the side face of the track through the insulating rubber sleeve respectively.
3. The electric system is got to suspension rail car of claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: the track is in a square tube shape, an opening which is as long as the track is arranged below the track, and the opening is positioned between the rail car travelling mechanism and the rail car.
4. The electricity taking system for the suspended rail car according to claim 1, wherein: the positive electrode electricity taking unit and the negative electrode electricity taking unit further comprise annular limiters, the annular limiters are fixed above the stand columns and located on the inner sides of the fixing rings, and protrusions are arranged on the outer edges of the limiters; the fixing ring is provided with a notch, and the protrusion on the limiting stopper is positioned in the notch on the fixing ring.
5. The electricity taking system for the suspended rail car according to claim 1, wherein: and a bearing retainer ring is arranged above the bearing and corresponds to the position of the bearing inner ring.
6. The electricity taking system for the suspended rail car according to claim 1, wherein: the upright post is fixed on the top of the rail car travelling mechanism.
CN201610977686.9A 2016-11-08 2016-11-08 Suspend railcar in midair and get electric system Active CN106740138B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610977686.9A CN106740138B (en) 2016-11-08 2016-11-08 Suspend railcar in midair and get electric system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610977686.9A CN106740138B (en) 2016-11-08 2016-11-08 Suspend railcar in midair and get electric system

Publications (2)

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CN106740138A CN106740138A (en) 2017-05-31
CN106740138B true CN106740138B (en) 2020-05-19

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109048851B (en) * 2018-10-23 2021-09-10 哈尔滨工程大学 Track type inspection robot
CN111231683A (en) * 2018-11-29 2020-06-05 比亚迪股份有限公司 Current collector, charging device with same and rail transit system
CN112227729B (en) * 2020-09-28 2022-02-15 南京师范大学 Rail car device and method for steel bar penetrating through silo

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3646613A (en) * 1967-10-31 1972-02-29 Tsubakimoto Chain Co Automatic carrying system
FR2258995B3 (en) * 1974-01-30 1976-11-26 Saunier Duval
US5355804A (en) * 1991-12-13 1994-10-18 Garcia Eduardo R Rail-guided apparatus-carrying system
CN204236462U (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-04-01 金君洪 Low latitude suspension type monorail rail vehicle

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Address after: 518000 Unit C, 5th Floor, Building B, Tongfang Information Port, 11 Langshan Road, North District, Yuehai Street, Nanshan District, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province

Applicant after: Shenzhen Micro Track Droplet Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 518000 Unit C, 5th Floor, Building B, Tongfang Information Port, 11 Langshan Road, North District, Yuehai Street, Nanshan District, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province

Applicant before: SHENZHEN XIAODE TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

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