CN106726060A - One kind is lain on the back and lifts the self-service tractive force Multifunctional lumbar disease therapeutic bed of leg formula - Google Patents

One kind is lain on the back and lifts the self-service tractive force Multifunctional lumbar disease therapeutic bed of leg formula Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106726060A
CN106726060A CN201611161617.7A CN201611161617A CN106726060A CN 106726060 A CN106726060 A CN 106726060A CN 201611161617 A CN201611161617 A CN 201611161617A CN 106726060 A CN106726060 A CN 106726060A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bedstead
bed board
service
chute
fixed
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CN201611161617.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何非
董燕
吴旭才
贺宝荣
郝定均
刘暾
罗振国
张洁
董补怀
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何非
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Priority to CN201611161617.7A priority Critical patent/CN106726060A/en
Publication of CN106726060A publication Critical patent/CN106726060A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/04Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints
    • A61F5/042Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints for extension or stretching
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H1/00Apparatus for passive exercising; Vibrating apparatus ; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
    • A61H1/005Moveable platform, e.g. vibrating or oscillating platform for standing, sitting, laying, leaning
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H1/00Apparatus for passive exercising; Vibrating apparatus ; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
    • A61H1/02Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising
    • A61H1/0218Drawing-out devices
    • A61H1/0222Traction tables
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H1/00Apparatus for passive exercising; Vibrating apparatus ; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
    • A61H1/02Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising
    • A61H1/0237Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising for the lower limbs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H1/00Apparatus for passive exercising; Vibrating apparatus ; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
    • A61H1/02Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising
    • A61H1/0292Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising for the spinal column
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/01Constructive details
    • A61H2201/0119Support for the device
    • A61H2201/0138Support for the device incorporated in furniture
    • A61H2201/0142Beds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/164Feet or leg, e.g. pedal
    • A61H2201/1642Holding means therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2203/00Additional characteristics concerning the patient
    • A61H2203/04Position of the patient
    • A61H2203/0443Position of the patient substantially horizontal
    • A61H2203/0468Prone
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2205/00Devices for specific parts of the body
    • A61H2205/12Feet

Abstract

Lain on the back lift leg formula self-service tractive force Multifunctional lumbar disease therapeutic bed, including bedstead and bed board the invention discloses one kind, described bed board is movably arranged on bedstead, and the length direction that bed board can be along bedstead under the driving of the hydraulic means being installed on bedstead is slided;The cheek groove of bar shaped is offered in the head end of bed board, multipair jack is distributed with the bed board of cheek groove both sides, power-assisted stake is removably installed on jack;The tail end of described bedstead is provided with the ankle fixator for immobilized patients foot, and ankle fixator is movably arranged at a vibrations frame for driving ankle fixator to pump, and ankle fixator can rotate relative to vibrations frame.Present invention treatment position is prone position, and can respectively carry out unilateral or bilateral lower limb traction treatment, and the present invention inherently changes the mentality of designing of existing traction table, solves the problems, such as that known pulling equipment therapeutic effect is not good enough or absolutely void.

Description

One kind is lain on the back and lifts the self-service tractive force Multifunctional lumbar disease therapeutic bed of leg formula
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Medical Devices, and in particular to one kind lie on the back lift the self-service tractive force Multifunctional lumbar disease of leg formula control Bed is treated, lumbar vertebra disease is treated and health care in the traditional Chinese medical science whole ridge method.
Background technology
At present to, it is necessary to use pulling equipment, with the lesion to lumbar vertebrae reset in the non-operative treatment of lumbar vertebra disease and Correction.But using existing pulling equipment draw when, patient be in supine position, this be basically it is wrong, because It is not the rational state of position needed for backbone physiological bending under supine position to be, this also massages with Chinese traditional treatment waist and leg pains The treatment position of massage is runed counter to.
Currently, known lumbar traction equipment is all that patient lies supine lies low on traction table, is tied up respectively by constraint bandage The chest and hip of patient, bandage is pulled by the reverse movement of front and rear bed board, or pulls bandage manually to reach to ridge The traction stretching of post, and only single traction or with beating and spinfunction.This traction method is actually invalid mistake 's.From the point of view of the therapeutic effect of clinical statisticses, current existing traction therapeutic equipment is substantially invalid to treating lumbar diseases, main former Because being that these traction tables cannot effectively make ligament around backbone, muscle and joint obtain meeting the effective drawing of physiological status Stretch and loosen reset.The subject matter that these traction therapeutic equipment are present has:
1. draw makes or only moves skin soft tissue more, and interbody space is not substantially stretched, and draws not in place, traction Effect is imprecise;2. because bandage malposition can cause bandage to slide, patient feels under the weather, and draws powerless, traction effect Fruit cannot ensure;3. dorsal position traction does not meet the physiological status of backbone physiological bending, fails Austria of the whole ridge of the correct understanding traditional Chinese medical science Wonderful place, by force traction does harm rather than good;4. the reduction of lumbosacral region cannot be carried out;5. without whole ridge function, or only backbone axially turns The operation invalid with treatment lumbar vertebra disease such as move, beat;6. basically, existing traction therapeutic equipment is because of the helpless ridge of design defect Post recovers normal curvature, and mentality of designing runs counter to the whole ridge principle of the traditional Chinese medical science, so the whole whole ridge of ridge teacher of famous traditional Chinese and western medicine cannot be implemented Correct gimmick, therefore just do not reach expected therapeutic effect yet.
The content of the invention
For above-mentioned problems of the prior art, it is an object of the present invention to provide one kind is lain on the back, lift leg formula is self-service Tractive force Multifunctional lumbar disease therapeutic bed, fundamentally changes the obvious not enough and mistake existing for existing pulling equipment, energy Lumbar vertebra disease is treated and health care with classical Chinese medicine treatment lumbar vertebra disease gimmick.
In order to realize above-mentioned task, the present invention uses following technical scheme:
One kind is lain on the back and lifts the self-service tractive force Multifunctional lumbar disease therapeutic bed of leg formula, including bedstead and bed board, described bed board It is movably arranged on bedstead, the length direction that bed board can be along bedstead under the driving of hydraulic means is slided;In the head end of bed board The cheek groove of bar shaped is offered, multipair jack is distributed with the bed board of cheek groove both sides, power-assisted is detachably provided with jack Stake;The tail end of described bedstead is provided with the ankle fixator for immobilized patients foot, and ankle fixator is movably arranged at One vibrations frame for being used to drive ankle fixator to pump, and ankle fixator can be relative to vibrations frame rotation.
Further, described vibrations frame includes the reciprocating shaker being fixed on bedstead, the output end of reciprocating shaker On drive rod is installed, support body is fixed with drive rod;Being provided with described support body can move on bed board direction Nut block, nut block and the linkage of described ankle fixator.
Further, described support body includes spaced upper supporting plate and lower carrier plate, and upper supporting plate and lower carrier plate pass through one Optical axis is connected;Screw rod is provided between upper supporting plate and lower carrier plate, one end of screw rod is movably arranged on lower carrier plate, in frame Body top is provided with adjusting rod, and adjusting rod is connected through upper supporting plate with the other end of described screw rod;Opened in described nut block Be provided with screwed hole, nut block is assemblied on screw rod by screwed hole, the two ends of nut block each via gangbar be sleeved on institute State the sliding block connection on optical axis;Described ankle fixator and the movable connection of sliding block.
Further, described ankle fixator includes fixed boots, and fixed boots include sole, apron, upper of a shoe and vamp, Wherein, upper of a shoe and vamp are symmetrically separated into fixed part and movable part from middle part, and movable part can be rotated relative to fixed part, and living Dynamic portion can be relatively fixed with fixed part.
Further, arc piece is provided with described fixed part, limiting tooth is distributed with arc piece;Set on described movable part Limit buckle is equipped with, when fixed part is relatively fixed with movable part, arc piece limit buckle is passed through into, arc piece is stuck in limiting tooth by elastic force In limit buckle, to be relatively fixed.
Further, pivoted housing is provided with described ankle fixator, fix bar, fix bar is connected with described sliding block End be connected with pivoted housing by bearing.
Further, foot-operated haulage gear is provided with described bedstead, rides haulage gear by a pedal-driven, Foot-operated haulage gear connects the upper end of described ankle fixator by leash, under the traction of leash, fixes ankle Device rotates.
Further, described foot-operated haulage gear includes a bogie, and one end of bogie is connected to by rotating shaft On bedstead, spring leaf is lined between the other end and bedstead of bogie;One end of described leash is detachably connected to set On the link being placed on ankle fixator, the other end of leash is connected with bogie;Described pedal is by a company for L-shaped Bar is connected on bogie.
Further, limiting plate is provided with the bedstead above described bogie, stop collar is provided with limiting plate, institute The leash stated passes through stop collar.
Further, described bedstead includes a pair of cabinet bases, is connected by reinforcement between cabinet base;On described cabinet base The column of Y shape is vertically installed with, a pair of supporting plates are provided between a described column, along axle in this pair of supporting plates To the first chute is offered, described bed board is assemblied on the first chute;Install described by fixed beam between supporting plate Hydraulic means, the output end of hydraulic means is connected by fixed plate with the bottom of bed board.
Further, the second chute is offered along the axially symmetric of bed board in described cheek groove, the second chute is by top Chute and bottom chute are constituted, wherein, multiple supporting parts are provided between the chute of bottom, the two ends of supporting part are assembled by pulley In the chute of bottom;A portable plate is equipped with the chute of top, portable plate can be slided in the chute of top so as to change cheek The size of groove.
The present invention has following technical characterstic compared with prior art:
1. the present invention is fully correctly realized from theory and practice on the premise of backbone nature physiological bending is recovered The classical effective method of the whole chi chung of traditional Chinese medical science gimmick, inherently changes the mentality of designing of existing traction table, solves known leading Draw the not good enough or absolutely void problem of equipment therapeutic effect;
2. the present invention can carry out correct effective traction to lumbar vertebrae, carry out whole ridge and adjust Qu Fuwei, moreover it is possible to real by power-assisted stake Present patient voluntarily increases tractive force in the range of can bearing, and distraction procedure dynamics is voluntarily controlled by patient, it is to avoid to occur leading Gravitation degree not enough makes therapeutic effect not good enough, or traction dynamics are excessive and cause extra damage, so as to obtain preferably traction effect Really;
3. the present invention can carry out lower limb and tremble to get rid of by lower limb lifting, and lumbar vertebra disease hand is treated using the classical Chinese medicine of lower limb rotation hip Method operation carries out reduction to backbone, and this is the function that existing pulling equipment cannot be realized;
4. of the invention for treating lumbar diseases provide a kind of simple, the safe and reliable equipment of effective, operating method, gram Take that existing pulling equipment therapeutic effect is poor, possibly even bring the defect of secondary lesion, and entirely treated bed structure It is reasonable in design, it is adaptable to the patient of different age group and different building shape, suitably clinically carry out popularization and application.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is that the present invention removes the structural representation after bed board;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation for shaking frame part;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of ankle fixator;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation after ankle fixator is opened;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of clamp button of the spring;
Label is represented in figure:1-bed board, 2-column, 3-cabinet base, 4-roller, 5-supporting plate, the 6-the first chute, 7-vibrations frame, 8-ankle fixator, 9-reciprocating shaker, 10-drive rod, 11-limiting plate, 12-stop collar, 13-lead Leader tape, 14-controller, 15-connecting rod, 16-pedal, 17-bogie, 18-spring leaf, 19-rotating shaft, 20-reinforcement, 21-cheek groove, 22-supporting part, the 23-the second chute, the stake of 24-power-assisted, 25-portable plate, 26-jack, 27-fixed plate, 28-hydraulic means, 29-fixed beam, 71-adjusting rod, 72-upper supporting plate, 73-optical axis, 74-lower carrier plate, 75-gangbar, 76-screwed hole, 77-nut block, 78-screw rod, 79-sliding block, 710-fix bar, 81-link, 82-pivoted housing, 83-footwear Bottom, 84-fixed part, 85-movable part, 86-limit buckle, 87-limiting tooth, 88-air-vent, 89-apron, 810-arc Piece.
Specific embodiment
Motherland's medical science (traditional Chinese medical science) is scanned to treatment means such as the whole ridges of lumbar vertebra disease it will be seen that the traditional Chinese medical science is in treatment lumbar vertebrae When sick, patient is prostrate in massage, massage, traction that on bed, doctor is carried out etc. to be entered in the back part of patient OK, therapeutic effect is more satisfied with.More magical, some doctors for having special skill are carried out once by patient's lumbosacral region After massage, the pain in waist and lower extremities of patient can disappear at once.Dissection, physiopathology research with reference to modern medicine to backbone and rachiopathy It was found that, the protrasion of the lumbar intervertebral disci is spine structure disease, the cause of disease be generally sprain, degeneration of intervertebral disc, interverbebral disc inflammatory it is anti- Should, natural spine lumbar curvature disappears the small joints in lumbar spine cause of diseases such as change, the unstability of posterior joint or subluxation, sacroiliac dislocation It is common clinical frequently-occurring disease because causing.Backbone is in the back side of human body, and it is being kept just by a plurality of muscle group, ligament and joint Normal form and function, when its due to a variety of causes causes to lose normal morphology after and in the case of could not restoring in time, cause to walk Spinal nerve therebetween is oppressed and abarticulation pain, and pain in waist and lower extremities is occurred and involved (influence) lower limb proper motion.People Class is evolved and achieves the stance that is different from other animals, but also obtain other animals without cervical spondylopathy and lumbar vertebra disease.Institute So that motherland's medical science is communicated to treatment lumbar vertebra disease position and the profound and reasonable part of gimmick with modern medical theory.And show There is pulling equipment all to ignore these in mentality of designing and function aspects, could not expect and accomplish that traction position and the action of whole ridge are right The effect of backbone reduction, therefore existing equipment is poor to treating lumbar diseases effect or completely without therapeutic effect.Pin is in this regard, the present invention is carried A kind of therapeutic bed for combining Traditional Chinese Medicine therapy is gone out:
One kind is lain on the back and lifts the self-service tractive force Multifunctional lumbar disease therapeutic bed of leg formula, including bedstead and bed board 1, described bed board 1 is movably arranged on bedstead, and the length direction that bed board 1 can be along bedstead under the driving of hydraulic means 28 is slided;In bed board 1 One end offers the cheek groove 21 of bar shaped, and multipair jack 26 is distributed with the bed board 1 of the both sides of cheek groove 21, detachable on jack 26 Be provided with power-assisted stake 24;The end of described bedstead is provided with the ankle fixator 8 for immobilized patients foot, and ankle is fixed Device 8 is movably arranged at one for driving the reciprocating vibrations frame 7 of ankle fixator 8, and ankle fixator 8 can be relative Rotated in vibrations frame 7.
Primary structure of the invention includes a bed body, and bed body is made up of bedstead and bed board 1, in order to keep entirely controlling Stability when bed is treated is treated, the cabinet base for aggravating has been specifically designed.The rolling with wheel lock is provided with the cabinet base of bedstead bottom Wheel 4, to be moved easily whole bed body and can be locked by taking turns lock pair roller 4, to fix bed body.In this programme, in order to right The lumbar vertebrae of patient is drawn, there is provided the structure of mobile bed plate 1, i.e. bed board 1 can be to be moved on bedstead.When patient is bowing After sleeping posture is lain prone on bed board 1, the ankle of patient is fixed by ankle fixator 8, then using the lower section of bed board 1 Hydraulic means 28 promotes bed board 1, slides bed board 1, and now patient feet position is fixed, and the body of patient in patient and Between bed board 1 under the drive of frictional force, the body of patient is moved to the direction that hydraulic means 28 is promoted, until patient body with There is relative slip between bed board 1.Using such mode of traction, produced between actual tractive force and weight in patients, bed board 1 Quite, this is a dynamics that is very safe, being adapted to traction to frictional force, when bed board 1 continues to be slided to the head end of bed board, traction Power continues to increase, and will exceed the frictional force produced between weight in patients and bed board, and patient body will be slided between bed board 1 Dynamic, thus be not in situation about being damaged to patient by hyper-traction, when feeling that tractive force is inadequate, patient can be With the help of the stake of ancon power-assisted, body is prevented to slide, to increase the degree that body is stretched, self-service increase or reduction tractive force, Therefore the present apparatus can also be protected while effectively traction is reached to patient;This mode of traction is without constraint simultaneously Band etc. carries out bondage to limbs of patient, makes patient's subjective feeling more preferable.In order to increase the frictional force between patient and bed board 1, this The larger flexible material of frictional force can be covered in scheme on bed board 1.For the setting and adjustment of up and down reciprocatingly electromagnetic shaker 9, this In scheme be provided with controller 14, as shown in figures 1 and 3, controller 14 include a control panel, without using when, Gu It is scheduled in the fixed seat of bedstead side, during treatment, doctor can remove, to facilitate regulation hydraulic means 28.
Bed structure in the present invention is as shown in Figure 2.Bedstead includes a pair of cabinet bases 3, is connected by reinforcement 20 between cabinet base 3 Connect;Have balancing weight inside cabinet base 3, this be in order to increase bed body weight, with avoid carry out lower limb tremble get rid of when bed body it is unstable;It is described Cabinet base 3 on be vertically installed with the column 2 of Y shape, a pair of supporting plates 5 are provided between a described column 2, at this pair The first chute 6 is offered in supporting plate 5 vertically, described bed board 1 is assemblied on the first chute 6;Lead between supporting plate 5 Cross fixed beam 29 and described hydraulic means 28 is installed, the output end of hydraulic means 28 is connected by fixed plate 27 with the bottom of bed board 1 Connect.
When carrying out treating lumbar diseases using the present invention, using the attitude of prostrate on bed board 1, this attitude causes to suffer from patient The backbone of person can keep the optimum state of physiological bending, and obtain correct effective traction.The Head And Face of patient is towards bed board 1 One end, and a cheek groove 21 has been opened up in the end of bed board 1, cheek groove 21 is rectangular configuration, and such as size can be 12cm* 40cm;One end of cheek groove 21 passes the end of bed board 1.The effect of cheek groove 21 be make patient be located at prostrate state when, patient's On cheek groove 21, the snout of such patient does not suffer oppression facial supported on both sides, can guarantee that eupnea.Cheek groove 21 is opened up In the end of bed board 1 in the center of axial location, it is also possible to which auxiliary makes patient ajust position, keep body placed in the middle.
In order to coordinate above-mentioned lumbar traction process, when patient carries out lumbar traction, need to such as increase tractive force, Huan Zheke According to circumstances voluntarily adjust traction dynamics.Specifically, multipair jack 26 is provided with the both sides of cheek groove 21, it is removable on jack 26 It is fitted with power-assisted stake 24 with unloading.Height build according to patient, power-assisted stake 24 is inserted in corresponding jack 26, using electronic liquid When pressure device 28 drives bed board 1 to be drawn, such as patient itself feels that traction dynamics can be further continued for increasing, then can use duplex difference Around two power-assisteds stake 24, to avoid being slided between body and bed board 1, so that increase body backbone be stretched degree, The dynamics drawn;And when patient does not feel like oneself, then only needing ancon to unclamp power-assisted stake 24, such patient can voluntarily adjust Traction dynamics, while ensureing that traction effect is more preferable, have also carried out more efficiently protection to patient.
The second chute 23 is offered along the axially symmetric of bed board 1 in cheek groove 21, the second chute 23 is by top chute with Portion's chute composition, wherein, multiple supporting parts 22 are provided between the chute of bottom, the two ends of supporting part 22 are assemblied in down by pulley In portion's chute;A portable plate 25 is equipped with the chute of top, portable plate 25 can be slided in the chute of top so as to change cheek The size of groove 21.That is, second chute 23 of both sides is two sections in cheek groove 21, epimere installation activity plate 25, and effect is The size of adjustment cheek groove 21, is supported with the chest to patient;And supporting part 22 may slide into suitable position, use To support the forehead of patient, making the Head And Face of patient has more strong points, reduces the pressure of cheek both sides.
Ankle fixator 8 in this programme, effect is the foot of immobilized patients, especially ankle part, it is being done lumbar vertebrae During traction, as the fixed strong point.And optional fixed unilateral or bilateral ankle is fixed, and is carried out unilateral or bilateral lower limb traction and is controlled Treat.But in addition to the lumbar vertebrae to patient draws, therapeutic bed of the invention can also carry out lower limb tremble get rid of and lower limb rotation The classical Chinese medicine spinal rotation massage of hip.Specifically, the present invention on bedstead be provided with vibrations the structure of frame 7, vibrations frame 7 can perpendicular to The direction of bed board 1 pumps, so as to drive the vertical tremor of ankle fixator 8, the treatment got rid of is trembled to carry out lower limb;Vibrations Frequency and amplitude can be adjusted according to actual conditions;And ankle fixator 8 can be rotation, make the lower limb of patient can 90 degree of pronation is done, is resetted with the reduction for carrying out articulatio sacroiliaca.
Specifically, as shown in figure 3, giving the structural representation of vibrations frame 7.Vibrations frame 7 includes being fixed on bedstead Reciprocating shaker 9, reciprocating shaker 9 in the prior art more application, will not be described here.The output end of reciprocating shaker 9 On drive rod 10 is installed, after opening reciprocating shaker 9 and regulating vibration frequency, amplitude, reciprocating shaker 9 will drive and drive The in the vertical direction of bar 10 is moved with fixed frequency and amplitude;Support body is fixed with described drive rod 10;Described Being provided with support body can be in the nut block 77 moved on the direction of bed board 1, nut block 77 and described ankle fixator 8 It is dynamic;That is, when drive rod 10 is moved, ankle fixator 8 will be driven to be synchronized with the movement by support body, so as to realize to patient's lower limb Raise and reset, reserve lower limb whipping space.
Further, above-mentioned support body includes spaced upper supporting plate 72 and lower carrier plate 74, upper supporting plate 72 and lower branch Plate 74 is connected by a pair of optical axises 73;Screw rod 78, one end activity of screw rod 78 are provided between upper supporting plate 72 and lower carrier plate 74 Formula is arranged on lower carrier plate 74, and support body top is provided with the adjusting rod 71 of L-shaped, adjusting rod 71 through upper supporting plate 72 with it is described The other end connection of screw rod 78;Screwed hole 76 is offered in described nut block 77, nut block 77 is assemblied in by screwed hole 76 On screw rod 78, the two ends of nut block 77 are connected each via gangbar 75 with the sliding block 79 being sleeved on the optical axis 73;It is described Ankle fixator 8 and the movable connection of sliding block 79.The purpose of design of this support body is, because different patient sizes is different, When patient is in prone position, the optimal traction of biped, tremble that to get rid of height different, thus devise this support body to manually adjust The optimum position of ankle fixator 8.When being adjusted, it is only necessary to shake adjusting rod 71 forward or backwards, adjusting rod 71 is by band Dynamic screw rod 78 is rotated forward or backwards, then nut block 77 will be moved up and down on screw rod 78.When nut block 77 is moved up and down, will Moved up and down with movable slider 79 by gangbar 75, thus drive ankle fixator adjustment position about 8, can made with lower limb lifting Suitable angle is in trunk, recovers physiology waist song, and ensured the space for carrying out lower limb whipping treatment.This structure makes It is very simple with, regulation, and when the pitch ratio of screw rod 78 is smaller, it may have good fixed effect.
With sliding block 79 using movable connected mode, this is to ensure that ankle fixator 8 can revolve to ankle fixator 8 Turn, to carry out lower limb rotation hip therapy.A kind of specific mounting means can be that hollow circle is provided with ankle fixator 8 Pivoted housing 82, is connected with fix bar 710 on described sliding block 79, the end of fix bar 710 is connected by bearing with pivoted housing 82.Also may be used With using other connected modes, as long as ensureing that ankle fixator 8 can rotate.In the present embodiment, pivoted housing 82 is located at pin The center of the sole 83 of ankle brace 8.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, a kind of structural representation of specific ankle fixator 8 is given.In the present embodiment, Ankle fixator 8 includes fixed boots, and fixed boots include sole 83, apron 89, upper of a shoe and vamp, wherein, upper of a shoe and vamp are certainly Middle part is symmetrically separated into fixed part 84 and movable part 85, and movable part 85 can be rotated relative to fixed part 84, and the energy of movable part 85 It is relatively fixed with fixed part 84.Fixed part 84 and movable part 85 so that the foot of patient can easily through in fixed boots.Gu Determine to be lined with fluffy soft material, such as sponge inside boots, to hold patient's ankle tightly, and avoid friction from causing to damage to skin.It is right In different patients, foot can be enabled with fixed boots inside to the greatest extent by increasing or decreasing the gasket material inside fixed boots May laminating fixation.Many air-vents 88 are distributed with the surface of fixed boots, it is to avoid foot is overheated and brought when being treated It is uncomfortable.In view of hygienic issues, patient before treating, after taking off footwear, can the first disposable shoe cover on patients feet's set, Pierce into again in ankle fixator 8 afterwards.
In order to the fixed part 84 and movable part 85 to fixed boots carry out effective fixation, clamp button of the spring is provided with this programme Structure.Specifically, resilient arc piece 810 is set on fixed part 84, and under nature, arc piece 810 has what is opened to both sides Elastic trend;Limiting tooth 87 is distributed with arc piece 810;Limit buckle 86, fixed part 84 and work are provided with described movable part 85 When dynamic portion 85 is relatively fixed, arc piece 810 is passed through into limit buckle 86, arc piece 810 makes limiting tooth 87 be stuck in limit buckle 86 by elastic force On, to be relatively fixed.Patient is put on after fixed boots, presses and promote arc piece 810, limit buckle 86 is stuck in suitable limit On the tooth 87 of position, movable part 85 can thus be tightly connected with fixed part 84.And finish treatment after, only need to press arc piece 810, Limiting tooth 87 and limit buckle 86 are disengaged, then extracts arc piece 810 out.
Above-mentioned lower limb rotation hip therapy, it is necessary to the lower limb that ankle inward turning is pind down with ankle fixator to drive patient carry out in Rotation.For the ease of the realization of this process, foot-operated haulage gear is provided with this programme on cabinet base 3, rides haulage gear and lead to Cross a pedal 16 to drive, foot-operated haulage gear connects the upper end of described ankle fixator 8 by leash 13, in leash Under 13 traction, rotate ankle fixator 8.Specifically, as shown in figure 3, foot-operated haulage gear includes a bogie 17, drive One end of moving frame 17 is connected on bedstead by rotating shaft 19, and fixation is lined with for resetting between the other end and cabinet base of bogie 17 Spring leaf 18;One end of described leash 13 is detachably connected on the link 81 that is arranged on ankle fixator 8, is led The other end of leader tape 13 is connected with bogie 17;Described pedal 16 is connected on bogie 17 by the connecting rod 15 of L-shaped.Drive Limiting plate 11 is provided with the bedstead of the top of frame 17, stop collar 12 is provided with limiting plate 11, described leash 13 passes through limit Position set 12;The effect of stop collar 12 is the position for limiting leash 13, leash 13 is can guarantee that state straight down, It is beneficial to distraction procedure.In the present embodiment, bogie 17 is arranged on cabinet base 3, and limiting plate 11 is fixed on column 2.
When lower limb rotation hip therapy is carried out, doctor with the continuous pushes pedals 16 of foot, during trampling, stepping on by bogie 17 Moved back and forth under the drive of plate 16, then just drive fixed boots to rotate by leash 13 so as to be fixed on patient's ankle therein Generation inward turning.In this programme, axial direction and the link 81 of stop collar 12 are not arranged on the same straight line, i.e., stop collar 12 is not in link 81 Underface, and in more slightly biased position.Two fixed boots in for this programme, state and are exactly in the way of quantifying, and two The spacing being smaller than between the both sides stop collar 12 of column 2 of the link 81 on individual fixed boots.So, transported downwards in leash 13 When dynamic, it is oriented to by stop collar 12 so that the direction of pulling force is the obliquely downward of link 81, is so conducive to making to fix boots generation Rotation.During a hip rotation, by stepping on pedal 16, foot is produced inward turning, then unclamp pedal 16, spring leaf 18 makes Bogie 17 resets, and lower limb then can naturally drive ankle fixator 8 to reset, and completes a hip and is threaded through journey.Trembled lower limb are carried out When getting rid of, the upper end of leash 13 can be pulled down from link 81, not influence to tremble the process of getting rid of.
Using the present invention carry out treating lumbar diseases, health care process it is as follows:
1. patient lies prone position, with the immobilized patients unilateral or bilateral ankle part of ankle fixator 8;By controlling manual ankle liter The adjustment lower limb of adjusting rod 71 of drop are raised to proper height, and the electro hydraulic gear being fixed on bedstead is started by controller 14 28, the slidable bed board 1 on bedstead is drawn trunk cephalad and move, stretched backbone.Because patient's lower limb are elevated, Lumbar curvature is increased, and anterior longitudinal ligament can be made to be pulled degree more than the drawing to posterior longitudinal ligament, makes intervertenral space broadening, produces negative pressure Siphonage, sucks prominent nucleus pulposus.Intervertenral space is widened so as to reach mitigation dmm, promotes interverbebral disc Hui Na, released Stimulation and compressing to tissues such as nerve roots.The increase of intervertenral space, pulling open for zygapophysial joint, makes intervertebral foramen recover normal outer Shape, so as to release the extruding to nerve root;
2. unilateral or bilateral ankle can be fixed according to conditions of patients situation, realize that unilateral or bilateral carries out drawing whole ridge respectively Treatment, this is also that current existing pulling equipment to be completed;
3. after traction terminates, lumbodorsal muscle is loosened, and the joint for dislocate, misplacing is opened.Now doctor is by control Device 14 opens reciprocating shaker 9, sets time, frequency and the amplitude of vibrations and then starts, and now the double lower limb of patient is past Upper and lower frequency low-amplitude shake is done under the drive of multiple electromagnetic shaker 9, makes backbone dislocation, subluxation embolia, recover the normal of lumbar vertebrae Alignment simultaneously releases muscle cramp;
4. after whole ridge terminates, manual double lower limb pronation treatment is carried out, reduction is carried out to pelvis articulatio sacroiliaca.Doctor is led to Continuous pushes pedals 16 are crossed, by detaining the leash 13 hung on the heel end of left and right ankle fixator 8 respectively, traction downwards makes double Foot does maximum pronation, drives lower limb inward turning, outward turning strength is conducted to lumbosacral region, forces articulatio sacroiliaca to be stretched with loosening Reset, complete rotation hip and reset.By the way that the nucleus pulposus Hui Na in lumber ertebral disc can be made after combination therapy, vertebra side soft tissue spasm is released, Recover the normal alignment of lumbar vertebrae, each lumbar vertebra backbone Minor articulus reset, and articulatio sacroiliaca reduction resets.
The movement of bed board of the present invention 1 sets range, and the maximum angle of lower limb is also given a shock the limitation of frame, on lower limb Lower whipping is frequency low-amplitude, double lower limb maximum ninety degree turn in.Ensure that each treatment operation is in partes corporis humani position muscle, ligament, pass What section can bear, it is ensured that carried out in undamaged safely controllable scope.Therapeutic progresses are first traction, rear whipping inward turning again.Only A doctor is needed to operate, it is easy to learn, it is easy to operate.
In clinical position, the comprehensive whole ridge gimmick of the various traditional Chinese medical science of inventor, this set of design draws whole ridge therapeutic bed, cures The patients such as the protrusion of the intervertebral disc, lumbar spondylolisthesis, lumbar muscle strain that many clinics are clarified a diagnosis, articulatio sacroiliaca syndrome.Very Many patients are alleviated or cured, walked with can descending at once at once by seance, symptom, curative effect highly significant.Profit of the invention Replace manpower with machinery, on the basis of fully understanding and embodying the theoretical of the whole ridge of the traditional Chinese medical science, principle and gimmick, use plant equipment The whole ridge action of the crucial specification of several manpower manipulations is completed, unified standard treatment operation is capable of achieving, dramatically reduced Manual labor, solves existing pulling equipment deficiency and mistake in theory, in principle and in method, and extend to medical single Position uses, allow can expectant treatment vast waist disease patient unified, specification, regular real effective treatment, and be beneficial to Promote the use of.

Claims (10)

1. one kind is lain on the back and lifts the self-service tractive force Multifunctional lumbar disease therapeutic bed of leg formula, including bedstead and bed board (1), and its feature exists In described bed board (1) is movably arranged on bedstead, and bed board (1) can be under the driving of hydraulic means (28) along the length of bedstead Slide in degree direction;The cheek groove (21) of bar shaped is offered in one end of bed board (1), is divided on the bed board (1) of cheek groove (21) both sides Multipair jack (26) is furnished with, power-assisted stake (24) is detachably provided with jack (26);The end of described bedstead is provided with use In the ankle fixator (8) of immobilized patients foot, ankle fixator (8) is movably arranged at one for driving ankle fixator (8) on reciprocating vibrations frame (7), and ankle fixator (8) can rotate relative to vibrations frame (7).
2. as claimed in claim 1 lying on the back lifts the self-service tractive force Multifunctional lumbar disease therapeutic bed of leg formula, it is characterised in that described Vibrations frame (7) include the reciprocating shaker (9) being fixed on bedstead, driving is installed in the output end of reciprocating shaker (9) Bar (10), drive rod is fixed with support body on (10);Being provided with described support body can be in the motion on bed board (1) direction Nut block (77), nut block (77) links with described ankle fixator (8).
3. as claimed in claim 2 lying on the back lifts the self-service tractive force Multifunctional lumbar disease therapeutic bed of leg formula, it is characterised in that described Support body include spaced upper supporting plate (72) and lower carrier plate (74), upper supporting plate (72) and lower carrier plate (74) are by a pair of optical axises (73) connect;Screw rod (78), one end movably arranged of screw rod (78) are provided between upper supporting plate (72) and lower carrier plate (74) On lower carrier plate (74), support body top is provided with adjusting rod (71), adjusting rod (71) is through upper supporting plate (72) and described spiral shell The other end connection of bar (78);Screwed hole (76) is offered in described nut block (77), nut block (77) is by screwed hole (76) be assemblied on screw rod (78), the two ends of nut block (77) each via gangbar (75) be sleeved on the optical axis (73) Sliding block (79) connection;Described ankle fixator (8) and sliding block (79) movable connection.
4. as claimed in claim 1 lying on the back lifts the self-service tractive force Multifunctional lumbar disease therapeutic bed of leg formula, it is characterised in that described Ankle fixator (8) include fixed boots, fixed boots include sole (83), apron (89), upper of a shoe and vamp, wherein, upper of a shoe Fixed part (84) and movable part (85) are symmetrically separated into from middle part with vamp, movable part (85) can turn relative to fixed part (84) Move, and movable part (85) can be relatively fixed with fixed part (84).
5. as claimed in claim 4 lying on the back lifts the self-service tractive force Multifunctional lumbar disease therapeutic bed of leg formula, it is characterised in that described Fixed part (84) on be provided with arc piece (810), limiting tooth (87) is distributed with arc piece (810);On described movable part (85) Limit buckle (86) is provided with, when fixed part (84) is relatively fixed with movable part (85), by arc piece (810) through limit buckle (86), Arc piece (810) makes limiting tooth (87) be stuck in limit buckle (86) by elastic force, to be relatively fixed.
6. as claimed in claim 1 lying on the back lifts the self-service tractive force Multifunctional lumbar disease therapeutic bed of leg formula, it is characterised in that described Bedstead on be provided with foot-operated haulage gear, ride haulage gear and driven by pedal (16), foot-operated haulage gear passes through The upper end of the described ankle fixator (8) of leash (13) connection, under the traction of leash (13), makes ankle fixator (8) Rotation.
7. as claimed in claim 6 lying on the back lifts the self-service tractive force Multifunctional lumbar disease therapeutic bed of leg formula, it is characterised in that described Foot-operated haulage gear include a bogie (17), one end of bogie (17) is connected on bedstead by rotating shaft (19), drive Spring leaf (18) is lined between the other end and bedstead of moving frame (17);One end of described leash (13) is detachably connected to It is arranged on the link (81) on ankle fixator (8), the other end of leash (13) is connected with bogie (17);Described steps on Plate (16) is connected on bogie (17) by the connecting rod of L-shaped.
8. as claimed in claim 6 lying on the back lifts the self-service tractive force Multifunctional lumbar disease therapeutic bed of leg formula, it is characterised in that described Bogie (17) above bedstead on be provided with limiting plate (11), stop collar (12) is provided with limiting plate (11), it is described Leash (13) is through stop collar (12).
9. as claimed in claim 1 lying on the back lifts the self-service tractive force Multifunctional lumbar disease therapeutic bed of leg formula, it is characterised in that described Bedstead include a pair of cabinet bases (3), between cabinet base (3) by reinforcement (20) connection;It is vertically arranged on described cabinet base (3) There is the column (2) of Y shape, a pair of supporting plates (5) are provided between a described column (2), in this pair of supporting plate (5) The first chute (6) is offered vertically, and described bed board (1) is assemblied on the first chute (6);Pass through between supporting plate (5) Fixed beam (29) installs described hydraulic means (28), and the output end of hydraulic means (28) is by fixed plate (27) and bed board (1) Bottom connection.
10. as claimed in claim 1 lying on the back lifts the self-service tractive force Multifunctional lumbar disease therapeutic bed of leg formula, it is characterised in that institute The second chute (23) is offered along the axially symmetric of bed board (1) in the cheek groove (21) stated, the second chute (23) is by top chute Constituted with bottom chute, wherein, multiple supporting parts (22) are provided between the chute of bottom, the two ends of supporting part (22) pass through pulley It is assemblied in the chute of bottom;A portable plate (25) is equipped with the chute of top, portable plate (25) can be slided in the chute of top So as to change the size of cheek groove (21).
CN201611161617.7A 2016-12-15 2016-12-15 One kind is lain on the back and lifts the self-service tractive force Multifunctional lumbar disease therapeutic bed of leg formula Pending CN106726060A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111603358A (en) * 2020-06-02 2020-09-01 马洋洋 Department of neurology rehabilitation training apparatus
CN111821083A (en) * 2020-07-27 2020-10-27 费璟昊 Treatment device for multi-position sacroiliac joint dislocation rehabilitation

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111603358A (en) * 2020-06-02 2020-09-01 马洋洋 Department of neurology rehabilitation training apparatus
CN111603358B (en) * 2020-06-02 2022-02-08 赵斌 Department of neurology rehabilitation training apparatus
CN111821083A (en) * 2020-07-27 2020-10-27 费璟昊 Treatment device for multi-position sacroiliac joint dislocation rehabilitation
CN111821083B (en) * 2020-07-27 2022-02-15 费璟昊 Treatment device for multi-position sacroiliac joint dislocation rehabilitation

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