CN106707904A - Total pollutant discharge amount monitor - Google Patents

Total pollutant discharge amount monitor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106707904A
CN106707904A CN201710163403.1A CN201710163403A CN106707904A CN 106707904 A CN106707904 A CN 106707904A CN 201710163403 A CN201710163403 A CN 201710163403A CN 106707904 A CN106707904 A CN 106707904A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
interface
data
software
downstream
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Withdrawn
Application number
CN201710163403.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙畅
韩冰
武勇
王志
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Nanjing Dehong Digital Technology Co Ltd
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Nanjing Dehong Digital Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710163403.1A priority Critical patent/CN106707904A/en
Publication of CN106707904A publication Critical patent/CN106707904A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/04Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers
    • G05B19/042Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers using digital processors
    • G05B19/0428Safety, monitoring
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B2219/00Program-control systems
    • G05B2219/20Pc systems
    • G05B2219/24Pc safety
    • G05B2219/24024Safety, surveillance

Abstract

The invention discloses a total pollutant discharge amount monitor, which comprises an alarm unit, an acquisition control unit, a main control unit, a touch display unit and a power supply unit, wherein the acquisition control unit is connected with a lower computer, the lower computer monitoring data is acquired by a serial digital quantity interface, an analog quantity input interface and a switching quantity input interface, and the working state of the lower power is controlled by a switching quantity output interface; the alarm unit is connected with the acquisition control unit, and the acquisition control unit controls the alarm unit to be started and stopped by the switching quantity output interface; and the power supply unit adopts an on-line uninterruptible power supply (UPS) to supply necessary power for the normal work of the units. The whole body adopts a standard cabinet structure and a modular design, is equipped with an IC (integrated circuit) card read-write module and a voucher printer, and supports for Ethernet and wireless communication full Netcom. The total pollutant discharge amount monitor has the advantages of friendly human-computer interaction, convenience in daily use and maintenance of users and operation and maintenance personnel, and reduced in service cost.

Description

Gross contamination emission monitor
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of monitor, and in particular to a kind of gross contamination emission monitor, belong to environmental monitoring skill Art field.
Background technology
Recently as the high speed development of national economy, the material life condition of people is greatly improved.It is adjoint It is leading development model with GDP, of common occurrence with the case that sacrificialing environment is developed the economy.As drinking water was dirty in recent years Dye, air pollution etc. are related to the concentration outburst of the problem of environmental pollution of basic life condition, environmental administration and common old hundred Surname is increasingly paid attention to environmental protection problem.How to set up it is a set of it is scientific and effective, with long-lasting environmentally friendly monitoring and managing method so that The discharge of effectively control pollutant is reached, already as environmental administration a problem.
Gross contamination emission monitor as total pollution discharge quantity control system by wiping card core, it passes through monitoring pollution Source waste water or discharge amount of exhaust gas, pollutant concentration, the total emission volumn information of monitor in real time pollutant, when gross contamination emission is super When crossing allowable emission, system can automatic-closing valve, prevent contaminating enterprises transfinite and malice discharge.Meanwhile, pollutant Total emission volumn monitor possesses the multinomial utility functions such as total amount is purchased, total amount discharge plan of distribution, O&M of swiping the card are registered, and is pollution The long-acting monitoring of thing total emission volumn, target for energy-saving and emission-reduction is realized, be to improve environmental management capacity and supervision level of law enforcement establishes base Plinth.
Gross contamination emission monitor of the prior art is typically using queuing number calling machine or the rack of customization processing Structure.Queuing number calling machine cost is relatively low, but due to the limitation of contour structures, its inner space is limited, radiates bad, it is impossible to meet The requirement of 7X24 continuous throughout the twenty-four hour24s, while external interface scalability is also limited.And customization processing rack is used, general appearance It is all huger, logistics transportation and install assembling it is very not convenient.
Gross contamination emission monitor information of the prior art displaying depends on the main screen, therefore main screen must to protect Chang Liang is held, long-term use can reduce the life-span of screen, increase fault rate, while also inadequate energy-conserving and environment-protective.And if main screen is adopted If pattern with long time no operations dormancy, mainframe cannot then carry out protection of locking, in such cases, once lock, if The alarm activation of monitor, unless supervisor shows up, otherwise the enterprise relevant personnel cannot learn the information such as alarm source, Reduce the efficiency of alarm emergency disposal.
The signal transmssion line of gross contamination emission monitor of the prior art typically adopts the mode being screwed, day Have to use instrument when often safeguarding, waste time and energy;Simultaneously because lacking necessary insulation protection, it is susceptible between multiple interfaces Short circuit, causes abnormal signal even device damage by mistake, and those skilled in the art attempts new scheme, but the problem is always It is not well solved, therefore, a kind of new scheme of exigence solves the technical problem.
The content of the invention
The present invention is just being directed to the technical problem for existing in the prior art, there is provided a gross contamination emission monitor, It integrally uses Standard Machine cabinet type structure and modular design, is equipped with IC-card module for reading and writing, voucher printer, supports Ethernet It is logical with radio communication the whole network.The design of large scale touch LCD screen and OLED auxiliary screens is employed simultaneously, and man-machine interaction is friendly, side Just the routine use and maintenance of user and operation maintenance personnel, reduce use cost.
In order to solve technical problem present in prior art, technical scheme is as follows:A kind of pollutant emission Total quantity monitoring instrument, it is characterised in that the monitor includes that alarm unit, acquisition control unit, main control unit, touch display are single Unit and power supply unit, the acquisition control unit is connected with slave computer, by serial digital amount interface, analog input interface and Switch value input interface gathers slave computer Monitoring Data, described by the working condition of output switch parameter Interface Controller slave computer Alarm unit is connected with acquisition control unit, by acquisition control unit enabling by output switch parameter Interface Controller alarm unit And deactivation, said supply unit uses on-Line UPS(UPS), itself and alarm unit, acquisition control unit, master control list Unit and touch sensitive display unit connection, for the normal work of said units provides necessary power supply supply.
Used as a modification of the present invention, the acquisition control unit includes IC module for reading and writing, embedded print module, nothing Line communication module, acquisition control module and external interface module,
The IC module for reading and writing uses IC intelligent card read/write devices, and its external communication interface uses RS232 serial ports or USB interface, It is connected with the external interface in main control unit, supports the read-write of contact and non-contact IC card, is paid for supplementing with money for total amount Expense and swiping the card for operation maintenance personnel are registered.
The embedded print module uses embedded voucher printer, and its external communication interface uses RS323 serial ports Or USB interface, be connected with the external interface in main control unit, for print recharging and paying, O&M register the relevant papery of business with According to;
The wireless communication module by the way of built-in communication module, its external communication interface using serial port, USB interface or Mini PCIe interfaces, it is connected with the external interface in main control unit, and its communication module for using supports that the whole network leads to, and supports bag Include GPRS, CDMA 2000, EVDO, WCDMA, TDSCDMA, TDDLTE, FDDLTE and the 5G in future or more advanced radio communications Net;
The wireless communication module is supported for the communication that gross contamination emission monitor provides wireless communication networks, with reference to ether Network Communication, can adapt to the network application environment of various complexity.
Used as a modification of the present invention, the acquisition control module includes analogue collection module, On-off signal mould Block and switching value output module, the analogue collection module obtain monitoring by gathering the analog quantity output signals of slave computer Value, the switching input module judges the working condition of slave computer by gathering the analog quantity output signals of slave computer, described Switching value output module is used to control being turned on and off for the next machine equipment.
Used as a modification of the present invention, the external interface module includes SIM interface, SMA antenna pedestals, serial digital Amount interface, analog input interface, switch value input interface and output switch parameter interface;
The SIM interface is used to install SIM cards of mobile phones, is used for wireless communication module connection wireless communication networks;
The SMA antenna pedestals are used to connect wireless communication networks antenna, and the antenna uses SMA internal threads(Interior pin)Interface, for nothing Line communication module connection wireless communication networks are used;
The serial digital amount interface, analog input interface and switch value input interface are used to connect slave computer, use and exempt from Screw terminal;
The output switch parameter interface includes relay and binding post, and each way switch amount output interface includes one group totally two Relay, one is used to open operation, and one is used for shutoff operation, and the binding post uses screwless connection terminal.
Used as a modification of the present invention, the screwless connection terminal is by housing, plug wire hole, spring leaf, pressing buckle With capillary composition, using PA66 plastics, wiring hole is located at by pressing buckle housing;Spring leaf uses metal material, and it is shaped as Arc, upper end is stuck in pressing buckle, is close to wiring hole and is covered, and lower end is connected to capillary, the capillary dislocation of terminals of adjacent Arrangement.
Used as a modification of the present invention, the main control unit includes processor module, mainboard module, RAM module, storage Module, serial port module and external interface,
The mainboard module uses ATX or Micro ATX templates, to ensure to have enough expansion interfaces, at its integrated graphics Reason device uses the integrated graphic process unit of processor module, and it includes but is not limited to cpu i/f, RAM running memories interface, number According to memory interface and PCI/PCI Express expansion interfaces;
The processor module is using the processor based on X86-based, its cpu i/f for being arranged on mainboard module;
The RAM module is arranged on the RAM running memory interfaces of mainboard module, there is provided the internal memory needed for system operation;
The memory module uses power down nonvolatile storage, using mechanical hard disk or SSD solid state hard discs, it is preferable that select SSD Solid state hard disc can reduce storage failure odds caused by abnormal shutdown, power-off.
The serial port module provides the serial port of data communication, is expanded using the integrated serial port of mainboard module, USB interface The serial port of exhibition and the serial port of PCI/PCI Express Interface Expandings;
The serial port module is connected with acquisition control unit, and which part serial port reads and writes mould by the IC in acquisition control unit Block, embedded print module and wireless communication module are used, and other serial ports then lead to the serial number in external interface module Word amount interface, for the connection of slave computer;
The external interface includes RJ sockets, USB socket and display output interface;
The RJ sockets are used to connect ethernet communication cable, and the cable uses RJ45 interfaces, and ether is connected for main control unit Net is used;
The USB socket is used to connect touch sensitive display unit(Touch function part), IC module for reading and writing, embedded print module, The outside expansion equipment of wireless communication module, USB storage mediums and other USB interfaces;
The display output interface is used to connect touch sensitive display unit(Display function part), typically using VGA, DVI, HDMI, DisplayPort or Mini DisplayPort.
As a modification of the present invention, a set of embedded software is provided with the gross contamination emission monitor, Realize man-machine interaction, total amount recharging and paying, O&M is registered, slave computer data collection and analysis, aggregate data are adjusted and data are passed Defeated and remote control, user is completed the installation of equipment by software, configures and use;The embedded software includes operating system And systems soft ware, wherein the operating system is responsible for driving, operation and the control of hardware, it is described for hardware provides running environment Systems soft ware is run in operating system, and operating system provides running environment for it.The operating system includes system kernel Kernel, device driver, network communication protocol stack and desktop running environment;
The system kernel Kernel, device driver, network communication protocol stack and desktop running environment are installed on master control list In the memory of unit, it provides running environment for hardware device/interface jointly, while being that upper system software and application software are carried For software interface,
The desktop running environment uses Windows or Linux X Window, and it provides patterned operation system interface;
The systems soft ware includes human-computer interface module, acquisition module, communication module, watchdog module and Database Systems;
The human-computer interface module, acquisition module and communication module read and write data from Database Systems;It is described man-machine Interface module, acquisition module and communication module are interacted according to the cycle and watchdog module of regulation, when watchdog module inspection One or more modules measured in above-mentioned acquisition module, human-computer interface module and communication module are handed within a certain period of time Mutually, then reset the module, it is resumed work, if repeatedly reseting module still cannot make its normal work, watchdog module is then Power-off restoration data acquisition transmission instrument, to ensure that various functions being capable of continuous normal work;
The human-computer interface module, between acquisition module and communication module enter line number by way of shared drive, message queue According to shared and instruction transmission.
As a modification of the present invention, the human-computer interface module using graphical user's development library Qt, GTK+ or WxWidgets is developed, and it includes user management, total quantity monitoring, monitor in real time, total amount transaction, report form statistics, alarm inquiry, fortune Dimension management, Valve controlling, system are set and systemic-function submodule,
The user management submodule realizes User logs in, password modification and rights management function, and the module is integrated with enterprise's use Family, inspector, four kinds of user types of operation maintenance personnel and keeper;
The total quantity monitoring submodule realizes the display of a nearly month pollutant emission curve, and the of that month discharge of pollutant is used Amount and the then display of discharge usage amount;
The monitor in real time submodule realizes real-time refreshing and display, native network state, the system of real time data and curve map Running status, software operation state, battery level information and memory space service condition;
Total amount transaction submodule realization is supplemented with money in total quantity monitoring instrument by the gross contamination emission that IC-card will be purchased, and The history that total amount transaction can be inquired about is detailed.Meanwhile, user can be according to actual production task, distribution bleed schedule monthly;
IC-card recharging and paying in the total amount transaction uses dual authentication mechanism, the first re-authentication to use IC-card certified offline, Including IC-card data correctness checking, holder's authentication and IC-card trading password checking etc., IC-card holder must with it is total The holder bound in amount monitor is consistent;Second re-authentication verifies that all data will pass through in transaction using online server Cipher mode is transmitted to remote server, and server is carried out to information such as cardholder information, IC-card internal information, recharging and paying amounts Legitimate verification, if finding there is inconsistent, illegal problem in any one data, and recharging and paying flow is terminated immediately.It is existing The recharging and paying process of total quantity monitoring instrument can correctly must run succeeded by double authentication, further guarantee IC-card and whole The Information Security of individual system.
Total quantity monitoring instrument is regularly using first auditing the pattern deducted fees afterwards, under the pattern for billing mechanism in total amount transaction After reporting total amount accounting data, server to receive total amount accounting data, by the way of automatic examination & verification and manual examination and verification are combined Validity, legitimacy examination & verification are carried out to reported data, when reported data has problem, it is necessary to repaiied manually by related personnel About, and legal revision of the convention authority is uploaded.After the completion of servers' data examination & verification, the data of effectively deducting fees after examination & verification are regularly issued, Total quantity monitoring instrument receives the deduction operation that pollutant discharge amount will be carried out after the data.
The data sheet statistical module is realized the inquiry of real time data, minute data, hour data and day data and is shown Show.Its display content includes factor names, timing statisticses, the timing statisticses section discharge capacity of intrinsic factor, maximum, average value and most Small value.Support to derive the form of generation to USB storage device simultaneously;
Total amount of the alarm inquiry submodule realizing transfinites, abnormal and other alarm loggings the inquiry of concentration over-standard, valve and aobvious Show;
The operation management submodule realizes that carrying out O&M by IC-card checks card the function registered with O&M record queries;
The Valve controlling submodule realizes the opening and closing of manual control valve and the function of Valve controlling record queries;
The system configuration submodule includes that network configuration, host computer are set, MN sets and slave computer sets subfunction.
The network configuration includes communication modes configuration, centre address configuration and the machine Ethernet Configuration;
The communication modes configuration supports that radio communication net mode, ether net mode and wireless communication networks and Ethernet work simultaneously Three models.
4 tunnel above host computer mailing address configurations are supported in the centre address configuration, and each Lu Zhizheng address includes center Address ip or domain name, TCP communication port.
The machine Ethernet Configuration is used to set IP address, subnet mask, gateway and the DNS of the machine ethernet communication.
The host computer is provided for setting the parameter relevant with host computer communications, and it is included but is not limited to《Pollution Source automatic monitoring on line(Monitoring)System data transmission standard》(HJ/T 212-2005)In be related to it is relevant with communications Parameter.Its parameter being related to is included but is not limited to:System coding(ST), real time data report interval, minute data report interval, Transmission time-out time, transmission sending times, collection period, pollution treatment facility enable switch, real time data transmission enable switch, Minute data send enable switch, hour data send enable switch, day data is activation enable switch, automatically benefit pass on Gong and can enable Switch, correcting time in network enable switch, heartbeat inter-packet gap, flow meter head registration code.
The host computer is set to meet the customization demand of different user, and different host computer communication protocol lattice may be selected Formula, with compatible different host computer host-host protocol, applicability is more extensive.
The MN set in MN in pollution sources automatic monitored control system, it is unique to the whole nation set by some floss hole Numbering.Embedded software in this programme supports that a data acquisition transmission instrument supports the function of multiple MN simultaneously, can be by one Real data acquisition transmission instrument is virtually for several meet《Pollution sources automatic monitoring on line(Monitoring)System data transmission mark It is accurate》(HJ/T 212-2005)Virtual data collection transmission instrument, can be saved under certain use occasion user build and throw Money cost.
It is serial digital amount that the slave computer is set according to the different demarcation of physical interface, analog input and switching value are defeated Enter three classes.Wherein serial digital amount supports two kinds of interfaces of RS-232 and RS-485, analog input and On-off signal support 4~ 20mA, 0~20mA and 0~5V, tri- kinds of modes.
The slave computer of serial digital amount needs to carry out secondary development according to the communication protocol of slave computer, it is generally the case that logical Cross constantly accumulation, software can built-in various digital quantity slave computers communication protocol be available for user select use.
The slave computer is set needs the MN numberings in being set with MN corresponding, that is to say, that each slave computer must have One corresponding MN numbering.
The systemic-function submodule includes that function debugging, program upgrading, data are derived and system reducing.
The function debugging includes that the debugging of wireless communication network signal intensity, serial digital amount function debugging, analog quantity are defeated Enter function debugging, On-off signal function debugging, output switch parameter function debugging and watchdog module function debugging.
The wireless communication network signal intensity debugging is used to perform under the serial port that AT is instructed by wireless communication module Hair query statement, real-time query simultaneously refreshes display wireless communication network signal intensity, and user can be wireless according to actual conditions adjustment The putting position of communication network antenna, to reach optimal network communications environment.
The serial digital amount function debugging is a serial port debugging acid, for every serial digital amount interface all the way, User can set baud rate, data bit, stop position and check bit, and the packet of input is sent to opposite equip., and will be right The packet that end equipment is replied shows, so that the communication transport protocols to serial digital amount slave computer are docked and are adjusted Examination.
The analog input function debugging reads and refreshes measured value of the display per analog input interface all the way in real time, And can be to the configured operation full with the school zero-sum school of the interface simulation amount of connection slave computer.
The On-off signal function debugging reads and refreshes the measured value for showing each way switch amount input interface in real time, And the judgement of on off state is carried out according to the threshold value of configuration.
User can issue unlatching or close to any one way switch amount output interface in the output switch parameter function debugging Closed operation is instructed, and by a group relay of output switch parameter interface, realizes being turned on and off operation to slave computer.
The watchdog module function debugging by simulating the interaction flow of other software module and watchdog module, test Its module resets and power-off restoration function, to verify the integrity of watchdog module function.
Described program upgrading is by USB storage mediums, the system software update that will wherein store to data acquisition transmission instrument In.There is program version to judge and procedural legality judgement for it, support the upgrading that degrades.Meanwhile, user can also be by channel radio Communication network or Ethernet remotely enter line program upgrading, save manpower, improve O&M efficiency.
The data are derived and derive into USB storage mediums the data of data acquisition transmission instrument storage inside, Yong Huke The time period of data is derived with flexible selection, form is derived and is supported Excel or database.After data are derived, user can use Excel checks that software or software kit carry out checking, printing for data.
Data acquisition transmission instrument can be restored to factory state by the system reducing, remove and reset all configurations, clearly Empty database.
As a modification of the present invention, the acquisition module by serial digital amount interface, analog input interface and Switch value input interface gathers slave computer Real-time Monitoring Data, and in being stored in database after legal calculating, number Can be that interface collection one by one, or multiple interfaces are gathered simultaneously according to gatherer process.
The acquisition module gathers slave computer Real-time Monitoring Data by continuous, according to certain measurement period statistical Clock, hour and day data, while it receives and performs the remote control commands from communication module, knot will be performed after the completion of execution Fruit is sent to communication module,
The acquisition module software workflow is as follows:
(1)Software start when initialized first, setting software parameters, loading configuration file, after the completion of enter downstream,
(2)Whether there is untreated instruction in inspection teleinstruction queue, the execute instruction if existing, after the completion of instruction is performed Implementing result is sent to communication module, subsequently into downstream;As in the absence of the instruction being not carried out, being directly entered lower one stream Journey,(3)Arrival data collection cycle is checked whether, as reached, is connect by gathering serial digital amount interface, analog input Mouthful and switch value input interface carry out the collection of data, the storage and calculating of data are carried out after the completion of data acquisition, into next Flow;As do not reached data collection cycle, downstream is directly entered,
(4)Arrival minute data calculating cycle is checked whether, as reached, the calculating of minute data is carried out, deposited after the completion of calculating Storage result of calculation, into downstream;As do not reached minute data calculating cycle, downstream is directly entered,
(5)Arrival hour data calculating cycle is checked whether, as reached, the calculating of hour data is carried out, deposited after the completion of calculating Storage result of calculation, into downstream;As do not reached hour data calculating cycle, downstream is directly entered,
(6)Date of arrival data calculating cycle is checked whether, as reached, the calculating of day data is carried out, meter is stored after the completion of calculating Result is calculated, into downstream;Such as non-date of arrival data calculating cycle, downstream is directly entered,
(7)Check whether and receive software exit instruction, as received, terminate operation, exit software;As do not received exit instruction, return Backflow journey(2)Continue executing with.
As all kinds of monitoring numbers that a modification of the present invention, the communication module pass through storage in reading database system According to by sending to remote data center packet by wireless communication networks or Ethernet after host computer protocol encapsulation, while institute State communication module and receive the control instruction from remote data center, processing control by way of performing or forwarding is performed refers to Order, and implementing result is sent to remote data center,
The communication module software workflow is as follows:
(1)Software start when initialized first, setting software parameters, loading configuration file, after the completion of enter downstream, (2)With the presence or absence of the implementing result not sent in inspection instruction execution result queue, instruction execution result is sent extremely if existing Remote server;As in the absence of the implementing result not sent, being directly entered downstream,
(3)Whether there is untreated instruction in inspection teleinstruction queue, the untreated instruction if existing first determines whether this Instruction whether the executable instruction of communication module, such as instruction is the executable instruction of communication module, then execute instruction, has performed Into rear transmission instruction execution result to remote server, subsequently into downstream;Such as instruction is not that communication module can perform Instruction, then be forwarded to other modules by the instruction, is performed by other modules, and downstream is entered after the completion of forwarding,
(4)Real time data to be sent is checked for, is sent to remote service after extracting data, protocol encapsulation if existing Device, enters downstream after being sent completely;Do not exist real time data to be sent such as, be directly entered downstream,
(5)Minute data to be sent is checked for, is sent to remote service after extracting data, protocol encapsulation if existing Device, enters downstream after being sent completely;Do not exist minute data to be sent such as, be directly entered downstream,
(6)Hour data to be sent is checked for, is sent to remote service after extracting data, protocol encapsulation if existing Device, enters downstream after being sent completely;Do not exist hour data to be sent such as, be directly entered downstream,
(7)Day data to be sent are checked for, are sent to remote server after extracting data, protocol encapsulation if existing, Enter downstream after being sent completely;Do not exist day data to be sent such as, be directly entered downstream,
(8)Check whether and receive software exit instruction, as received, terminate operation, exit software;As do not received exit instruction, return Backflow journey(2)Continue executing with.
Used as a modification of the present invention, the watchdog module is by constantly detection human-computer interface module, collection mould Whether block and communication module interact according to the cycle of regulation, when human-computer interface module, acquisition module and communication mould One or more modules in block are not interacted with watchdog module within a certain period of time, then reset the module;When repeatedly multiple Position module still cannot normal work when, watchdog module carried out by way of power-off restoration the whole machine of equipment software and hardware answer Position,
The watchdog module software workflow is as follows:
(1)Software start when initialized first, setting software parameters, reset counter, after the completion of enter downstream,
(2)Check whether human interface software interaction is normal at the appointed time, and continuous reset counter is checked if abnormal Whether the upper limit is exceeded, the power-off restarting equipment if counter exceedes the upper limit, otherwise reset human interface software, while making counter Plus one;If human interface software interaction is normal, downstream is directly entered,
(3)Check whether acquisition module software interactive is normal at the appointed time, and continuous reset counter is checked if abnormal Whether the upper limit is exceeded, the power-off restarting equipment if counter exceedes the upper limit, otherwise reset acquisition module software, while making counter Plus one;If acquisition module software interactive is normal, downstream is directly entered,
(4)Check whether communication module software interactive is normal at the appointed time, and continuous reset counter is checked if abnormal Whether the upper limit is exceeded, the power-off restarting equipment if counter exceedes the upper limit, otherwise reset communication module software, while making counter Plus one;If communication module software interactive is normal, downstream is directly entered,
(5)Check whether and receive software exit instruction, as received, terminate operation, exit software;As do not received exit instruction, return Backflow journey(2)Continue executing with.
Relative to prior art, the advantage of the technical scheme is as follows:1)The technical scheme uses standard cabinet and modularization Structure design, favorable expandability is capable of achieving the delivery of critical piece genuine, and rack installs ground, and directly buying is installed, and is reduced logistics and is transported Defeated time-consuming and spoilage, each component is easy to user's routine use and maintenance, while easily using reliability and the connected mode of low cost In fault diagnosis and maintenance, various applied environments can be used, enhance the applicability of product;2)The Technical Design one Block auxiliary screen, using OLED screen, in the case where main screen dormancy and rack are locked, realizes total amount remaining sum and warning message Uninterrupted display, practical and environmental protection;3)The technical scheme uses IC chip card, coordinates recharging and paying dual authentication mechanism and total amount First audit pattern of deducting fees afterwards, the security of further safeguards system;4)The technical scheme uses built-in wireless communication designs scheme, Support that the whole network leads to, interface covers the wireless communication networks such as the 5G in 2G, 3G, 4G and future comprehensively, effectively reduces due to channel radio The redesign of the hardware plan that communication network is upgraded and brought, enhances the compatibility of product;5)Terminal block terminal is used exempts from Screw terminal, easy-to-connect is quick, while the insulation protection to cable and equipment can be strengthened, equipment is installed to realize and exempted from Instrument Fast Installation, facilitates user installation and routine use;6)The technical scheme cost is relatively low, is easy to large-scale popularization to answer With.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 overall structure diagrams;
The detailed module diagram of Fig. 2 overall structures;
Fig. 3 embedded software overall construction drawings;
Fig. 4 human interface software functional module structure figures;
Fig. 5 acquisition module software flow patterns;
Fig. 6 communication module software flow patterns;
Fig. 7 watchdog module software flow patterns;
Fig. 8 screwless connection terminals difference side structure schematic diagram;
In figure:6th, housing, 7, plug wire hole, 8, spring leaf, 9, pressing buckle, 10, capillary.
Specific embodiment
In order to further enhance the appreciation and understanding of the invention, with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description, it is further described this Invention.
Embodiment 1:Referring to Fig. 1-Fig. 3, a kind of gross contamination emission monitor, the monitor include alarm unit 1, Acquisition control unit 2, main control unit 3, touch sensitive display unit 4 and power supply unit 5, the acquisition control unit 2 connect with slave computer Connect, slave computer Monitoring Data is gathered by serial digital amount interface, analog input interface and switch value input interface, by opening The working condition of Output Interface Control slave computer is measured in pass, and the alarm unit 1 is connected with acquisition control unit 2, by acquisition control Unit being enabled and being disabled by output switch parameter Interface Controller alarm unit, and said supply unit 5 is using online uninterrupted Power supply(UPS), it is connected with alarm unit 1, acquisition control unit 2, main control unit 3 and touch sensitive display unit 4, is said units Normal work the supply of necessary power supply is provided.The alarm unit is the warning device for possessing sound and light emitting source, and it passes through Sound and visual alarm when triggering is alarmed, attract the attention of the relevant personnel, to be disposed early, so as to complete alarm Purpose.
The main control unit 3 uses industrial computer, runs Windows or (SuSE) Linux OS, there is provided systems soft ware operation Basic software environment;The main control unit 3 is connected with acquisition control list 2, and it obtains the slave computer that acquisition control unit is collected Monitoring Data, data after carrying out statistical analysis, stored and sent to remote monitoring server, while the main control unit Control instruction is sent to slave computer by acquisition control unit, the operations such as slave computer parameter modification, task execution are realized.
The touch sensitive display unit 4 is using integrated touch LCD display, and it is connected with main control unit, there is provided man-machine The display at interface and touch control function.It needs human interface software just achievable desired repertoire of arranging in pairs or groups.
The acquisition control unit 2 includes IC module for reading and writing 21, embedded print module 22, wireless communication module 23, adopts Collection control module 24 and external interface module 25,
The IC module for reading and writing 21 uses IC intelligent card read/write devices, and its external communication interface is connect using RS232 serial ports or USB Mouthful, it is connected with the external interface in main control unit, the read-write of contact and non-contact IC card is supported, for supplementing with money for total amount Payment and swiping the card for operation maintenance personnel are registered.
The embedded print module 22 uses embedded voucher printer, and its external communication interface is serial using RS323 Mouthful or USB interface, be connected with the external interface in main control unit, registered the relevant papery of business for printing recharging and paying, O&M Authority;
By the way of built-in communication module, its external communication interface uses serial port, USB interface to the wireless communication module 23 Or Mini PCIe interfaces, it is connected with the external interface in main control unit, and its communication module for using supports that the whole network leads to, and supports 5G or more advanced channel radios including GPRS, CDMA 2000, EVDO, WCDMA, TDSCDMA, TDDLTE, FDDLTE and future Letter net;
The wireless communication module 23 for gross contamination emission monitor provide wireless communication networks communication support, with reference to Too Network Communication, can adapt to the network application environment of various complexity.
The acquisition control module 24 includes analogue collection module 241, switching input module 242 and output switch parameter Module 243, the analogue collection module obtains monitor value, the switching value by gathering the analog quantity output signals of slave computer Input module judges the working condition of slave computer, the switching value output module by gathering the analog quantity output signals of slave computer For controlling being turned on and off for the next machine equipment.
The external interface module 25 includes SIM interface 251, SMA antenna pedestals 252, serial digital amount interface 253, mould Analog quantity input interface 254, switch value input interface 255 and output switch parameter interface 256;
The SIM interface 251 is used to install SIM cards of mobile phones, is used for wireless communication module connection wireless communication networks;
The SMA antenna pedestals 252 are used to connect wireless communication networks antenna, and the antenna uses SMA internal threads(Interior pin)Interface, is used for Wireless communication module connection wireless communication networks are used;
The serial digital amount interface 253, analog input interface 254 and switch value input interface 255 are used to connect slave computer, Use screwless connection terminal;
The output switch parameter interface 256 includes relay and binding post, and each way switch amount output interface includes that one group is total to Two relays, one is used to open operation, and one is used for shutoff operation, and the binding post uses screwless connection terminal.
Referring to Fig. 8, the screwless connection terminal is by housing 6, plug wire hole 7, spring leaf 8, pressing 10 groups of buckle 9 and capillary Into housing 6 uses PA66 plastics, wiring hole to be located at by pressing buckle;Spring leaf uses metal material, and it is shaped as arc, on End is stuck in pressing buckle, is close to wiring hole and is covered, and lower end is connected to capillary, the capillary Heterogeneous Permutation of terminals of adjacent.This Screwless connection terminal described in scheme, its main body uses working of plastics(Generally use PA66 plastics), good impact resistance possesses Higher-strength, good insulating, its exterior design one spring leaf pressing buckle and plug wire hole, one arc of its indoor design Metallic spring, metallic spring upper end tightly covers plug wire hole, and lower end is connected to the capillary of bottom.By pressing spring leaf Buckle, makes to produce space between wiring hole and spring leaf, and wire is inserted in the space by plug wire hole, after trip spring piece buckle, borrows Help the elastic force of spring leaf that wire is stuck in plug wire hole and spring leaf, play a part of fixation and connected with wire.It is described to exempt from screw The capillary of the multiple adjacent terminals of binding post is dislocatedly distributed, to ensure enough spacing, it is to avoid due to big voltage or electric current Cause punch through short circuit.The advantage of the screwless connection terminal is that installation and attendant can realize tool-free operation, while Each binding post built-in electrical insulation, is not in the situation of circuit mistake short circuit, there is provided security is also enhanced while ease for use.
The main control unit 3 includes processor module 31, mainboard module 32, RAM module 33, memory module 34, serial port Module 35 and external interface 36, the mainboard module 32 use ATX or Micro ATX templates, to ensure to have enough extensions Interface, its built-in graphic processor or using the integrated graphic process unit of processor module, its include but is not limited to cpu i/f, RAM running memories interface, data storage interface and PCI/PCI Express expansion interfaces;
The processor module 31 is using the processor based on X86-based, its cpu i/f for being arranged on mainboard module 32;
The RAM module 33 is arranged on the RAM running memory interfaces of mainboard module, there is provided the internal memory needed for system operation;
The memory module 34 uses power down nonvolatile storage, using mechanical hard disk or SSD solid state hard discs, it is preferable that select SSD solid state hard discs can reduce storage failure odds caused by abnormal shutdown, power-off.
The serial port module 35 provides the serial port of data communication, using the integrated serial port of mainboard module, USB interface The serial port of extension and the serial port of PCI/PCI Express Interface Expandings;
IC module for reading and writing 21, embedded print module 22 and radio communication in the serial port module 35 and acquisition control unit Module 23 is connected.While the serial digital amount in the external interface module 25 of the serial port module 35 and acquisition control unit 2 Interface 253 is connected, and serial port is led into binding post, for the connection of slave computer.
The external interface 36 includes RJ sockets, USB socket and display output interface;
The RJ sockets are used to connect ethernet communication cable, and the cable uses RJ45 interfaces, and ether is connected for main control unit Net is used;
The USB socket is used to connect touch sensitive display unit(Touch function part), IC module for reading and writing, embedded print module, The outside expansion equipment of wireless communication module, USB storage mediums and other USB interfaces;
The display output interface is used to connect touch sensitive display unit(Display function part), typically using VGA, DVI, HDMI, DisplayPort or Mini DisplayPort.
Referring to Fig. 3, a set of embedded software is provided with the gross contamination emission monitor, realizes man-machine friendship Mutually, total amount recharging and paying, O&M are registered, slave computer data collection and analysis, aggregate data are adjusted and data transfer and remote control, User is completed the installation of equipment by software, configures and use;The embedded software includes operating system and systems soft ware, its Described in operating system be responsible for hardware driving, operation and control, for hardware provides running environment, the systems soft ware runs on In operating system, operating system provides running environment for it.The operating system includes system kernel Kernel, device drives journey Sequence, network communication protocol stack and desktop running environment;
The system kernel Kernel, device driver, network communication protocol stack and desktop running environment are installed on master control list In the memory of unit, it provides running environment for hardware device/interface jointly, while being that upper system software and application software are carried For software interface,
The desktop running environment uses Windows or Linux X Window, and it provides patterned operation system interface;
The systems soft ware includes human-computer interface module, acquisition module, communication module, watchdog module and Database Systems;
The human-computer interface module, acquisition module and communication module read and write data from Database Systems;It is described man-machine Interface module, acquisition module and communication module are interacted according to the cycle and watchdog module of regulation, when watchdog module inspection One or more modules measured in above-mentioned acquisition module, human-computer interface module and communication module are handed within a certain period of time Mutually, then reset the module, it is resumed work, if repeatedly reseting module still cannot make its normal work, watchdog module is then Power-off restoration data acquisition transmission instrument, to ensure that various functions being capable of continuous normal work;
The human-computer interface module, between acquisition module and communication module enter line number by way of shared drive, message queue According to shared and instruction transmission.
Referring to Fig. 4, the human-computer interface module is developed using graphical user's development library Qt, GTK+ or wxWidgets, its bag Include user management, total quantity monitoring, monitor in real time, total amount transaction, report form statistics, alarm inquiry, operation management, Valve controlling, be System is set and systemic-function submodule,
The user management submodule realizes User logs in, password modification and rights management function, and the module is integrated with enterprise's use Family, inspector, four kinds of user types of operation maintenance personnel and keeper;
The total quantity monitoring submodule realizes the display of a nearly month pollutant emission curve, and the of that month discharge of pollutant is used Amount and the then display of discharge usage amount;
The monitor in real time submodule realizes real-time refreshing and display, native network state, the system of real time data and curve map Running status, software operation state, battery level information and memory space service condition;
Total amount transaction submodule realization is supplemented with money in total quantity monitoring instrument by the gross contamination emission that IC-card will be purchased, and The history that total amount transaction can be inquired about is detailed.Meanwhile, user can be according to actual production task, distribution bleed schedule monthly;
IC-card recharging and paying in the total amount transaction uses dual authentication mechanism, the first re-authentication to use IC-card certified offline, Including IC-card data correctness checking, holder's authentication and IC-card trading password checking etc., IC-card holder must with it is total The holder bound in amount monitor is consistent;Second re-authentication verifies that all data will pass through in transaction using online server Cipher mode is transmitted to remote server, and server is carried out to information such as cardholder information, IC-card internal information, recharging and paying amounts Legitimate verification, if finding there is inconsistent, illegal problem in any one data, and recharging and paying flow is terminated immediately.It is existing The recharging and paying process of total quantity monitoring instrument can correctly must run succeeded by double authentication, further guarantee IC-card and whole The Information Security of individual system.
Total quantity monitoring instrument is regularly using first auditing the pattern deducted fees afterwards, under the pattern for billing mechanism in total amount transaction After reporting total amount accounting data, server to receive total amount accounting data, by the way of automatic examination & verification and manual examination and verification are combined Validity, legitimacy examination & verification are carried out to reported data, when reported data has problem, it is necessary to repaiied manually by related personnel About, and legal revision of the convention authority is uploaded.After the completion of servers' data examination & verification, the data of effectively deducting fees after examination & verification are regularly issued, Total quantity monitoring instrument receives the deduction operation that pollutant discharge amount will be carried out after the data.
The data sheet statistical module is realized the inquiry of real time data, minute data, hour data and day data and is shown Show.Its display content includes factor names, timing statisticses, the timing statisticses section discharge capacity of intrinsic factor, maximum, average value and most Small value.Support to derive the form of generation to USB storage device simultaneously;
Total amount of the alarm inquiry submodule realizing transfinites, abnormal and other alarm loggings the inquiry of concentration over-standard, valve and aobvious Show;
The operation management submodule realizes that carrying out O&M by IC-card checks card the function registered with O&M record queries;
The Valve controlling submodule realizes the opening and closing of manual control valve and the function of Valve controlling record queries;
The system configuration submodule includes that network configuration, host computer are set, MN sets and slave computer sets subfunction.
The network configuration includes communication modes configuration, centre address configuration and the machine Ethernet Configuration;
The communication modes configuration supports that radio communication net mode, ether net mode and wireless communication networks and Ethernet work simultaneously Three models.
4 tunnel above host computer mailing address configurations are supported in the centre address configuration, and each Lu Zhizheng address includes center Address ip or domain name, TCP communication port.
The machine Ethernet Configuration is used to set IP address, subnet mask, gateway and the DNS of the machine ethernet communication.,
The host computer is provided for setting the parameter relevant with host computer communications, and it is included but is not limited to《Pollution sources exist Line is monitored automatically(Monitoring)System data transmission standard》(HJ/T 212-2005)In the parameter relevant with communications that is related to. Its parameter being related to is included but is not limited to:System coding(ST), real time data report interval, minute data report interval, transmission Time-out time, transmission sending times, collection period, pollution treatment facility enable switch, real time data transmission and enable switch, minute Data is activation enable switch, hour data send enable switch, day data is activation enable switch, automatically benefit pass on Gong and can enable out Close, correcting time in network enables switch, heartbeat inter-packet gap, flow meter head registration code.
The host computer is set to meet the customization demand of different user, and different host computer communication protocol lattice may be selected Formula, with compatible different host computer host-host protocol, applicability is more extensive.
The MN set in MN in pollution sources automatic monitored control system, it is unique to the whole nation set by some floss hole Numbering.Embedded software in this programme supports that a data acquisition transmission instrument supports the function of multiple MN simultaneously, can be by one Real data acquisition transmission instrument is virtually for several meet《Pollution sources automatic monitoring on line(Monitoring)System data transmission mark It is accurate》(HJ/T 212-2005)Virtual data collection transmission instrument, can be saved under certain use occasion user build and throw Money cost.
It is serial digital amount that the slave computer is set according to the different demarcation of physical interface, analog input and switching value are defeated Enter three classes.Wherein serial digital amount supports two kinds of interfaces of RS-232 and RS-485, analog input and On-off signal support 4~ 20mA, 0~20mA and 0~5V, tri- kinds of modes.
The slave computer of serial digital amount needs to carry out secondary development according to the communication protocol of slave computer, it is generally the case that logical Cross constantly accumulation, software can built-in various digital quantity slave computers communication protocol be available for user select use.
The slave computer is set needs the MN numberings in being set with MN corresponding, that is to say, that each slave computer must have One corresponding MN numbering.
The systemic-function submodule includes that function debugging, program upgrading, data are derived and system reducing.
The function debugging includes that the debugging of wireless communication network signal intensity, serial digital amount function debugging, analog quantity are defeated Enter function debugging, On-off signal function debugging, output switch parameter function debugging and watchdog module function debugging.
The wireless communication network signal intensity debugging is used to perform under the serial port that AT is instructed by wireless communication module Hair query statement, real-time query simultaneously refreshes display wireless communication network signal intensity, and user can be wireless according to actual conditions adjustment The putting position of communication network antenna, to reach optimal network communications environment.
The serial digital amount function debugging is a serial port debugging acid, for every serial digital amount interface all the way, User can set baud rate, data bit, stop position and check bit, and the packet of input is sent to opposite equip., and will be right The packet that end equipment is replied shows, so that the communication transport protocols to serial digital amount slave computer are docked and are adjusted Examination.
The analog input function debugging reads and refreshes measured value of the display per analog input interface all the way in real time, And can be to the configured operation full with the school zero-sum school of the interface simulation amount of connection slave computer.
The On-off signal function debugging reads and refreshes the measured value for showing each way switch amount input interface in real time, And the judgement of on off state is carried out according to the threshold value of configuration.
User can issue unlatching or close to any one way switch amount output interface in the output switch parameter function debugging Closed operation is instructed, and by a group relay of output switch parameter interface, realizes being turned on and off operation to slave computer.
The watchdog module function debugging by simulating the interaction flow of other software module and watchdog module, test Its module resets and power-off restoration function, to verify the integrity of watchdog module function.
Described program upgrading is by USB storage mediums, the system software update that will wherein store to data acquisition transmission instrument In.There is program version to judge and procedural legality judgement for it, support the upgrading that degrades.Meanwhile, user can also be by channel radio Communication network or Ethernet remotely enter line program upgrading, save manpower, improve O&M efficiency.
The data are derived and derive into USB storage mediums the data of data acquisition transmission instrument storage inside, Yong Huke The time period of data is derived with flexible selection, form is derived and is supported Excel or database.After data are derived, user can use Excel checks that software or software kit carry out checking, printing for data.
Data acquisition transmission instrument can be restored to factory state by the system reducing, remove and reset all configurations, clearly Empty database.
Referring to Fig. 5, the acquisition module passes through serial digital amount interface, analog input interface and switch value input interface Collection slave computer Real-time Monitoring Data, and in being stored in database after legal calculating, data acquisition can be with It is that interface collection one by one, or multiple interfaces are gathered simultaneously.
The acquisition module gathers slave computer Real-time Monitoring Data by continuous, according to certain measurement period statistical Clock, hour and day data, while it receives and performs the remote control commands from communication module, knot will be performed after the completion of execution Fruit is sent to communication module,
The acquisition module software workflow is as follows:
(1)Software start when initialized first, setting software parameters, loading configuration file, after the completion of enter downstream,
(2)Whether there is untreated instruction in inspection teleinstruction queue, the execute instruction if existing, after the completion of instruction is performed Implementing result is sent to communication module, subsequently into downstream;As in the absence of the instruction being not carried out, being directly entered lower one stream Journey,(3)Arrival data collection cycle is checked whether, as reached, is connect by gathering serial digital amount interface, analog input Mouthful and switch value input interface carry out the collection of data, the storage and calculating of data are carried out after the completion of data acquisition, into next Flow;As do not reached data collection cycle, downstream is directly entered,
(4)Arrival minute data calculating cycle is checked whether, as reached, the calculating of minute data is carried out, deposited after the completion of calculating Storage result of calculation, into downstream;As do not reached minute data calculating cycle, downstream is directly entered,
(5)Arrival hour data calculating cycle is checked whether, as reached, the calculating of hour data is carried out, deposited after the completion of calculating Storage result of calculation, into downstream;As do not reached hour data calculating cycle, downstream is directly entered,
(6)Date of arrival data calculating cycle is checked whether, as reached, the calculating of day data is carried out, meter is stored after the completion of calculating Result is calculated, into downstream;Such as non-date of arrival data calculating cycle, downstream is directly entered,
(7)Check whether and receive software exit instruction, as received, terminate operation, exit software;As do not received exit instruction, return Backflow journey(2)Continue executing with.
Referring to all kinds of Monitoring Datas that Fig. 6, the communication module pass through storage in reading database system, by host computer Packet is sent to remote data center by wireless communication networks or Ethernet after protocol encapsulation, while the communication module is received Control instruction from remote data center, control instruction is processed by way of performing or forwarding is performed, and by implementing result Send to remote data center,
The communication module software workflow is as follows:
(1)Software start when initialized first, setting software parameters, loading configuration file, after the completion of enter downstream, (2)With the presence or absence of the implementing result not sent in inspection instruction execution result queue, instruction execution result is sent extremely if existing Remote server;As in the absence of the implementing result not sent, being directly entered downstream,
(3)Whether there is untreated instruction in inspection teleinstruction queue, the untreated instruction if existing first determines whether this Instruction whether the executable instruction of communication module, such as instruction is the executable instruction of communication module, then execute instruction, has performed Into rear transmission instruction execution result to remote server, subsequently into downstream;Such as instruction is not that communication module can perform Instruction, then be forwarded to other modules by the instruction, is performed by other modules, and downstream is entered after the completion of forwarding,
(4)Real time data to be sent is checked for, is sent to remote service after extracting data, protocol encapsulation if existing Device, enters downstream after being sent completely;Do not exist real time data to be sent such as, be directly entered downstream,
(5)Minute data to be sent is checked for, is sent to remote service after extracting data, protocol encapsulation if existing Device, enters downstream after being sent completely;Do not exist minute data to be sent such as, be directly entered downstream,
(6)Hour data to be sent is checked for, is sent to remote service after extracting data, protocol encapsulation if existing Device, enters downstream after being sent completely;Do not exist hour data to be sent such as, be directly entered downstream,
(7)Day data to be sent are checked for, are sent to remote server after extracting data, protocol encapsulation if existing, Enter downstream after being sent completely;Do not exist day data to be sent such as, be directly entered downstream,
(8)Check whether and receive software exit instruction, as received, terminate operation, exit software;As do not received exit instruction, return Backflow journey(2)Continue executing with.
Referring to Fig. 7, the watchdog module is by constantly detection human-computer interface module, acquisition module and communication module Whether interacted according to the cycle of regulation, as in human-computer interface module, acquisition module and communication module or many Individual module is not interacted with watchdog module within a certain period of time, then reset the module;When multiple reseting module still cannot During normal work, the software and hardware that watchdog module carries out the whole machine of equipment by way of power-off restoration resets,
The watchdog module software workflow is as follows:
(1)Software start when initialized first, setting software parameters, reset counter, after the completion of enter downstream,
(2)Check whether human interface software interaction is normal at the appointed time, and continuous reset counter is checked if abnormal Whether the upper limit is exceeded, the power-off restarting equipment if counter exceedes the upper limit, otherwise reset human interface software, while making counter Plus one;If human interface software interaction is normal, downstream is directly entered,
(3)Check whether acquisition module software interactive is normal at the appointed time, and continuous reset counter is checked if abnormal Whether the upper limit is exceeded, the power-off restarting equipment if counter exceedes the upper limit, otherwise reset acquisition module software, while making counter Plus one;If acquisition module software interactive is normal, downstream is directly entered,
(4)Check whether communication module software interactive is normal at the appointed time, and continuous reset counter is checked if abnormal Whether the upper limit is exceeded, the power-off restarting equipment if counter exceedes the upper limit, otherwise reset communication module software, while making counter Plus one;If communication module software interactive is normal, downstream is directly entered,
(5)Check whether and receive software exit instruction, as received, terminate operation, exit software;As do not received exit instruction, return Backflow journey(2)Continue executing with.
It should be noted that above-described embodiment, not for limiting protection scope of the present invention, in above-mentioned technical proposal On the basis of done equivalents or replacement each fall within the scope that the claims in the present invention are protected.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of gross contamination emission monitor, it is characterised in that the monitor includes alarm unit, acquisition control list Unit, main control unit, touch sensitive display unit and power supply unit, the acquisition control unit are connected with slave computer, by serial digital Amount interface, analog input interface and switch value input interface collection slave computer Monitoring Data, by output switch parameter interface control The working condition of slave computer processed, the alarm unit is connected with acquisition control unit, defeated by switching value by acquisition control unit Outgoing interface controls enabling and disabling for alarm unit, and said supply unit uses on-Line UPS(UPS), itself and alarm Unit, acquisition control unit, main control unit and touch sensitive display unit connection, for the normal work of said units provides necessary electricity Source is supplied.
2. gross contamination emission monitor according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the acquisition control unit bag IC module for reading and writing, embedded print module, wireless communication module, acquisition control module and external interface module are included, the IC reads Writing module uses IC intelligent card read/write devices, and its external communication interface uses RS232 serial ports or USB interface, itself and main control unit In external interface connection, the embedded print module use embedded voucher printer, its external communication interface use RS323 serial ports or USB interface, are connected with the external interface in main control unit, are registered business for printing recharging and paying, O&M Relevant papery authority;The wireless communication module by the way of built-in communication module, its external communication interface using serial port, USB interface or Mini PCIe interfaces, it is connected with the external interface in main control unit, and its communication module for using supports the whole network Logical, support includes GPRS, CDMA 2000, EVDO, WCDMA, TDSCDMA, TDDLTE, FDDLTE;The wireless communication module is The communication that gross contamination emission monitor provides wireless communication networks is supported, with reference to ethernet communication, can adapt to various multiple Miscellaneous network application environment;The acquisition control module includes that analogue collection module, switching input module and switching value are defeated Go out module, the analogue collection module obtains monitor value, the switching value by gathering the analog quantity output signals of slave computer Input module judges the working condition of slave computer, the switching value output module by gathering the analog quantity output signals of slave computer For controlling being turned on and off for the next machine equipment.
3. gross contamination emission monitor according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the external interface module includes SIM interface, SMA antenna pedestals, serial digital amount interface, analog input interface, switch value input interface and output switch parameter Interface;
The SIM interface is used to install SIM cards of mobile phones, is used for wireless communication module connection wireless communication networks;
The SMA antenna pedestals are used to connect wireless communication networks antenna, and the antenna uses SMA internal thread interfaces, for radio communication Module connection wireless communication networks are used;
The serial digital amount interface, analog input interface and switch value input interface are used to connect slave computer, use and exempt from Screw terminal;
The output switch parameter interface includes relay and binding post, and each way switch amount output interface includes one group totally two Relay, one is used to open operation, and one is used for shutoff operation, and the binding post uses screwless connection terminal.
4. gross contamination emission monitor according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the screwless connection terminal by Housing, plug wire hole, spring leaf, pressing buckle and capillary composition, housing use PA66 plastics, wiring hole to be located at by pressing buckle; Spring leaf uses metal material, and it is shaped as arc, and upper end is stuck in pressing buckle, is close to wiring hole and is covered, and lower end connects It is connected to capillary, the capillary Heterogeneous Permutation of terminals of adjacent.
5. gross contamination emission monitor according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the main control unit includes treatment Device module, mainboard module, RAM module, memory module, serial port module and external interface,
The mainboard module uses ATX or Micro ATX templates, to ensure to have enough expansion interfaces, at its integrated graphics Reason device uses the integrated graphic process unit of processor module, and it includes cpu i/f, RAM running memories interface, data storage Interface and PCI/PCI Express expansion interfaces;
The processor module is using the processor based on X86-based, its cpu i/f for being arranged on mainboard module;
The RAM module is arranged on the RAM running memory interfaces of mainboard module, there is provided the internal memory needed for system operation;
The memory module uses power down nonvolatile storage, using mechanical hard disk or SSD solid state hard discs, the serial port module The serial port of data communication is provided, the serial port and PCI/PCI extended using the integrated serial port of mainboard module, USB interface The serial port of Express Interface Expandings;
The serial port module is connected with acquisition control unit, and which part serial port reads and writes mould by the IC in acquisition control unit Block, embedded print module and wireless communication module are used, and other serial ports then lead to the serial number in external interface module Word amount interface, for the connection of slave computer;
The external interface includes RJ sockets, USB socket and display output interface;
The RJ sockets are used to connect ethernet communication cable, and the cable uses RJ45 interfaces, and ether is connected for main control unit Net is used;
The USB socket be used for connect touch sensitive display unit, IC module for reading and writing, embedded print module, wireless communication module, The outside expansion equipment of USB storage mediums and other USB interfaces;
The display output interface is used to connect touch sensitive display unit.
6. gross contamination emission monitor according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that the pollutant emission is total Be provided with a set of embedded software in amount monitor, realize man-machine interaction, total amount recharging and paying, O&M register, slave computer number According to collection analysis, aggregate data adjust and data transfer and remote control, user by software complete equipment installation, configure and Use;The embedded software includes operating system and systems soft ware, wherein the operating system is responsible for the driving of hardware, operation And control, for hardware provides running environment, the systems soft ware is run in operating system, and operating system provides operation ring for it Border, the operating system includes system kernel Kernel, device driver, network communication protocol stack and desktop running environment;
The system kernel Kernel, device driver, network communication protocol stack and desktop running environment are installed on master control list In the memory of unit, it provides running environment for hardware device/interface jointly, while being that upper system software and application software are carried For software interface,
The desktop running environment uses Windows or Linux X Window, and it provides patterned operation system interface;
The systems soft ware includes human-computer interface module, acquisition module, communication module, watchdog module and Database Systems;
The human-computer interface module, acquisition module and communication module read and write data from Database Systems;It is described man-machine Interface module, acquisition module and communication module are interacted according to the cycle and watchdog module of regulation, when watchdog module inspection One or more modules measured in above-mentioned acquisition module, human-computer interface module and communication module are handed within a certain period of time Mutually, then reset the module, it is resumed work, if repeatedly reseting module still cannot make its normal work, watchdog module is then Power-off restoration data acquisition transmission instrument, to ensure that various functions being capable of continuous normal work;
The human-computer interface module, between acquisition module and communication module enter line number by way of shared drive, message queue According to shared and instruction transmission.
7. gross contamination emission monitor according to claim 6, it is characterised in that
The human-computer interface module using graphical user's development library Qt, GTK+ or wxWidgets develop, it include user management, Total quantity monitoring, monitor in real time, total amount transaction, report form statistics, alarm inquiry, operation management, Valve controlling, system are set and system Function sub-modules, the user management submodule realizes User logs in, password modification and rights management function, and the module is integrated with Enterprise customer, inspector, four kinds of user types of operation maintenance personnel and keeper;The total quantity monitoring submodule is realized nearly one month The display of pollutant emission curve, and the of that month discharge usage amount of pollutant and the display of discharge usage amount then;It is described real-time Monitoring submodule realizes real-time refreshing and display, native network state, system running state, the software of real time data and curve map Running status, battery level information and memory space service condition;The total amount transaction submodule is realized to be purchased by IC-card Gross contamination emission supplement total quantity monitoring instrument with money, it is possible to the history for inquiring about total amount transaction is detailed, meanwhile, user Ke Gen Factually the production task on border, distributes bleed schedule monthly;It is described alarm inquiry submodule realize total amount transfinite, concentration over-standard, Valve abnormal and other alarm loggings inquiry and display;The operation management submodule realizes that carrying out O&M by IC-card checks card The function of registering with O&M record queries;The Valve controlling submodule realizes opening and closing and the valve of manual control valve The function of gate control record queries;The system configuration submodule includes that network configuration, host computer are set, MN is set and slave computer Subfunction is set;The systemic-function submodule includes that function debugging, program upgrading, data are derived and system reducing.
8. gross contamination emission monitor according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the acquisition module is by serial Digital quantity interface, analog input interface and switch value input interface collection slave computer Real-time Monitoring Data, and by after calculating It is stored in database, the acquisition module gathers slave computer Real-time Monitoring Data by continuous, according to certain statistics Statistics minute in cycle, hour and day data, while it receives and performs the remote control commands from communication module, perform completion Implementing result is sent to communication module afterwards, the acquisition module software workflow is as follows:
Software start when initialized first, setting software parameters, loading configuration file, after the completion of enter downstream, inspection Look into the presence or absence of untreated instruction in teleinstruction queue, the execute instruction if existing, instruction will perform knot after the completion of performing Fruit is sent to communication module, subsequently into downstream;As in the absence of the instruction being not carried out, being directly entered downstream, check Whether data collection cycle is reached, as reached, by gathering serial digital amount interface, analog input interface and switching value Input interface carries out the collection of data, the storage and calculating of data is carried out after the completion of data acquisition, into downstream;As do not arrived Up to data collection cycle, downstream is directly entered, checks whether arrival minute data calculating cycle, as reached, divided The calculating of clock data, stores result of calculation after the completion of calculating, into downstream;As do not reached minute data calculating cycle, directly Tap into downstream, check whether arrival hour data calculating cycle, as reached, carry out the calculating of hour data, calculate After the completion of store result of calculation, into downstream;As do not reached hour data calculating cycle, downstream is directly entered, examined Look into whether date of arrival data calculating cycle, as reached, carry out the calculating of day data, result of calculation is stored after the completion of calculating, enter Enter downstream;Such as non-date of arrival data calculating cycle, downstream is directly entered, checks whether and receive software exit instruction, As received, terminate operation, exit software;As do not received exit instruction, Returning process(2)Continue executing with.
9. gross contamination emission monitor according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the communication module is by reading In Database Systems store all kinds of Monitoring Datas, by after host computer protocol encapsulation by packet by wireless communication networks or ether Net is sent to remote data center, while the communication module receives the control instruction from remote data center, by performing Or the mode that forwarding is performed processes control instruction, and implementing result is sent to remote data center, the communication module software Workflow is as follows:
Software start when initialized first, setting software parameters, loading configuration file, after the completion of enter downstream,
With the presence or absence of the implementing result not sent in inspection instruction execution result queue, instruction execution result is sent extremely if existing Remote server;As in the absence of the implementing result not sent, being directly entered downstream, whether deposited in inspection teleinstruction queue In untreated instruction, the untreated instruction if existing, first determine whether the instruction whether the executable instruction of communication module, such as The instruction is the executable instruction of communication module, then execute instruction, sends instruction execution result to remote service after the completion of execution Device, subsequently into downstream;Such as instruction is not communication module executable instruction, then the instruction is forwarded into other modules, Performed by other modules, downstream is entered after the completion of forwarding, check for real time data to be sent, extracted if existing Sent to remote server after data, protocol encapsulation, downstream is entered after being sent completely;Do not exist real-time number to be sent such as According to, downstream is directly entered, minute data to be sent is checked for, sent out after data, protocol encapsulation are extracted if existing Remote server is delivered to, downstream is entered after being sent completely;Do not exist minute data to be sent such as, be directly entered lower one stream Journey, checks for hour data to be sent, is sent to remote server, hair after data, protocol encapsulation are extracted if existing Enter downstream after the completion of sending;Do not exist hour data to be sent such as, be directly entered downstream, check for pending A day data are sent, is sent to remote server after extracting data, protocol encapsulation if existing, downstream is entered after being sent completely; Do not exist day data to be sent such as, be directly entered downstream, check whether and receive software exit instruction, as received, terminate fortune OK, software is exited;As do not received exit instruction, Returning process(2)Continue executing with.
10. gross contamination emission monitor according to claim 9, it is characterised in that the watchdog module passes through Whether being interacted according to the cycle of regulation for human-computer interface module, acquisition module and communication module is constantly detected, when One or more modules in human-computer interface module, acquisition module and communication module are not entered with watchdog module within a certain period of time Row interaction, then reset the module;When multiple reseting module still cannot normal work when, watchdog module is by power-off restoration The software and hardware that mode carries out the whole machine of equipment resets, and the watchdog module software workflow is as follows:
Software start when initialized first, setting software parameters, reset counter, after the completion of enter downstream, check Whether human interface software interaction is normal at the appointed time, checks whether continuous reset counter exceedes if abnormal upper Limit, the power-off restarting equipment if counter exceedes the upper limit, otherwise reset human interface software, while making counter plus one;If people The interaction of machine interface software is normal, is directly entered downstream, checks whether acquisition module software interactive is normal at the appointed time, Check whether continuous reset counter exceedes the upper limit if abnormal, the power-off restarting equipment if counter exceedes the upper limit, otherwise Reset acquisition module software, while making counter plus one;If acquisition module software interactive is normal, downstream is directly entered, examined Look into communication module software interactive whether normal at the appointed time, check whether continuous reset counter exceedes if abnormal upper Limit, power-off restarting equipment, otherwise reset communication module software if counter exceedes the upper limit, while making counter plus one;If logical News module software interaction is normal, is directly entered downstream, checks whether and receives software exit instruction, as received, terminates fortune OK, software is exited;As do not received exit instruction, Returning process(2)Continue executing with.
CN201710163403.1A 2017-03-19 2017-03-19 Total pollutant discharge amount monitor Withdrawn CN106707904A (en)

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Application publication date: 20170524