CN106703419A - Large-span roof truss high-altitude assembly sliding control method - Google Patents

Large-span roof truss high-altitude assembly sliding control method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106703419A
CN106703419A CN201710052854.8A CN201710052854A CN106703419A CN 106703419 A CN106703419 A CN 106703419A CN 201710052854 A CN201710052854 A CN 201710052854A CN 106703419 A CN106703419 A CN 106703419A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sliding
truss
control
scale
reflective sticker
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710052854.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106703419B (en
Inventor
戚二舟
任智
张新
程声祥
高伟刚
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中国十七冶集团有限公司
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Priority to CN201710052854.8A priority Critical patent/CN106703419B/en
Publication of CN106703419A publication Critical patent/CN106703419A/en
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Publication of CN106703419B publication Critical patent/CN106703419B/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus
    • E04G21/18Adjusting tools; Templates
    • E04G21/1841Means for positioning building parts or elements

Abstract

The invention relates to a steel structure roof truss sliding control method and provides a large-span roof truss high-altitude assembly sliding control method. The method comprises the steps of work before assembly, assembly process control, synchronism control over sliding. According to the scheme, a sliding scale, a reflective patch and a sliding pointer are needed to make the process control more visual, control the sliding process synchronism accurately, and make deflection control more convenient and easy to realize. The adopted tools are cheap and convenient to use, the cost is effectively reduced and the construction is easy. The control method is easy to implement, good in control effect, and suitable for application and popularization.

Description

Long-span roofing truss installation at high altitude slip control method

Technical field

Spelled the present invention relates to a kind of steel structural roof truss slip control method, more particularly to long-span roofing truss high-altitude Dress slip control method.

Background technology

Slide installation method has the time of decades the seventies from twentieth century so far, passes through till now from proposition is started Several stages, technology gradually tends to ripe, corresponding to occur greatly to design requirement more and more higher along with the development of construction market Span structure with meet the aesthetics of architecture and using function demand, can effectively save space, can carry out three-dimensional operation, install imitate Rate is high, degree of safety is high.

But longspan structure installation process for synchronism and amount of deflection control it is particularly important, be related to installation process with And the safety problem of later stage structure, by prolonged development, synchronous sensing computer controls mould has been applied in the prior art Block, will be controlled in slipping to synchronism, and this automatic control system has its advantage, but in operation due to Manual operation is improper, or system goes wrong be easy to extremely cause cumulative errors generation relatively large deviation in slipping in itself, Less it is conveniently adjusted, and system cannot detect that simultaneity factor is in itself to the amount of deflection error in truss slipping in itself Complicated, cost is high, does not reach the requirement of live conduct monitoring at all levels.

Long-span roofing truss installation at high altitude sliding control urgently proposes a kind of new method, to solve cost and improve to slide Move the problem of control.

The content of the invention

The technical problems to be solved by the invention are:Long-span roofing truss installation at high altitude slip control method is provided, with Reduce equipment manufacturing cost and improve the problem of sliding control.

In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, disclosure of the invention of the invention long-span roofing truss installation at high altitude sliding control Method, comprises the following steps:

Step one:Assembled preamble work

A1. graduated scale is slid according to skidding distance processing and fabricating;

A2. reflective sticker is made, the reflective sticker is circular and at least provided with scale at upper and lower two, and the scale does not exist The same side and it is symmetrical arranged with reflective sticker axis;

A3. the mounting slip track support beam between the bracket of truss position to be installed;

A4. the center mounting slip track in sliding rail support beam, and face in truss longitudinal direction side bar lower weld When slip support abutment, formed sliding system;

A5. according to sliding truss station location marker sliding center line, sliding rail support beam is pasted by graduated scale is slid in A1 On, with center line as Origin And Destination;

A6. sliding rail support beam pastes sliding graduated scale near track position, pastes after finishing in interim slip support abutment Outside welding sliding pointer, sliding pointer lower position is just vertical with scale position, sliding pointer bottom distance sliding scale Chi distance is 2mm.

Step 2:Assembled process control

B1. measure and determine whether the amount of deflection of truss meets design, code requirement and be identified;

B2. reflective sticker is set in identification point and measurement data is to determine original arch camber numerical value, reflective sticker is arranged on and divides At section arch camber control point, apart from lower edge 100mm, the reflective sticker is with a scale;

B3. after reflective sticker is installed, truss to be installed is measured according to design arch camber numerical value using total powerstation, instead The center scale of light paster is arch camber requirement numerical value, and measured value scale lower section is bigger than normal for arch camber, and measured value is above scale For arch camber is less than normal, springing quantum is designed up to close according to actually carrying out readjusting;

B4. arch camber is carried out according to the springing quantum of design, code requirement;

Step 3:Sliding synchronization is controlled

C1. sliding system is detected, carries out examination sliding;

C2. each skidding distance is 100mm in slipping, while arranging special messenger to be carved according to sliding in both sides sliding rail Degree chi sliding display distance is monitored, and when deviation occurs in each skidding distance, the side less than normal for skidding distance increases to be slided Move jacking force to be finely adjusted, reach the effect of each sliding synchronization.

C3. it is carried out continuously described in C2 and operates into line slip, sliding carries out positioning tune per truss structure to next bracket center line It is whole;

When after the completion of C4. being slid per truss structure to next bracket position, it is finely adjusted using automatic hydraulic system, fine setting is aobvious Show scale, it is main to determine fine setting distance by making sliding graduated scale by oneself, identified in place in bracket upper table planar survey in place first Center line, it is then determined that needing to finely tune distance, is finely adjusted to bracket anchor point using hydraulic pushing;

C5. assembled next truss structure, is control point according to every Pin using the first truss structure as control point, amount of deflection is measured, and is entered Sliding control of the row per truss structure;

C6. per Pin sliding after the completion of and carry out next truss structure assembly before, measured using reflective sticker at the scene Control, controls assembled springing quantum;

C7. positioning measurement is carried out to overall truss after the completion of truss accumulation slippage, and is finely adjusted, and complete truss sliding Construction.

Preferably, the scale that graduated scale is slid in the A1 is labeled with decade, and one is marked during at interval of 1m positions It is secondary, determine that 1m is spaced.

Preferably, the width that graduated scale is slid in the A1 is 20mm~25mm, and its material is waterproof hard material.

Preferably, the sliding graduated scale and the reflective sticker back side are waterproof paster.

Preferably, the sliding pointer is made using the welding rods of ¢ 3.2, and its length is 100mm~150mm.Preferably, Overall truss fine setting positioning is carried out after the completion of sliding, plane center line in place re-starts core on the bracket identified during It is finely adjusted in fact in place.

Compared with prior art, the present invention can obtain following technique effect:

1) the sliding graduated scale of present invention design, reflective sticker and sliding pointer, process control is more directly perceived, can be accurately right Slipping synchronism is controlled, and amount of deflection control is more convenient and easy.

2) the sliding graduated scale of present invention design, reflective sticker and sliding pointer, cheap, easy to use, Neng Gouyou Effect is cost-effective and is easy to construction.

3) control method of the invention is simple to operate, control effect is good, is applicable popularization and application.

4) slide graduated scale in the present invention and the reflective sticker back side is waterproof paster, the program is adapted in work progress Property is stronger, and waterproof action is more preferable.

Brief description of the drawings

In order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing The accompanying drawing to be used needed for having technology description is briefly described, it should be apparent that, come for those of ordinary skill in the art Say, on the premise of not paying creative work, other accompanying drawings can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings.

Fig. 1 is long-span roofing truss installation at high altitude sliding control floor map.

Fig. 2 is sliding graduated scale schematic diagram.

Fig. 3 is reflective sticker schematic diagram.

Fig. 4 is sliding rail support beam profile.

Fig. 5 is sliding graduated scale scale schematic diagram.

Fig. 6 is reflective sticker scale schematic diagram.

Wherein:1. installation at high altitude platform, 2. sliding rail support beam, 3. sliding rail, 4. interim slip support abutment, 5. roofing Truss, 6. slides pointer, 7. slides graduated scale, 8. reflective sticker.

Specific embodiment

In order to make the purpose , technical scheme and advantage of the present invention be clearer, with reference to embodiments, to the present invention It is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, it is not used to Limit the present invention.

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiment is further described to application principle of the invention.

Embodiment one

As shown in Figures 1 to 6, the installation at high altitude slip control method of long-span roofing truss 5, comprises the following steps:

Step one:Assembled preamble work

A1. graduated scale 7 is slid according to skidding distance processing and fabricating, the scale for sliding graduated scale 7 is labeled with decade, Mark once, determines that 1m is spaced during at interval of 1m positions;The width for sliding graduated scale 7 is 20mm, and its material is waterproof hard material Material

A2. reflective sticker 8 is made, the reflective sticker 8 is circular and at least provided with scale at upper and lower two, and the scale is not It is symmetrical arranged in the same side and with the axis of reflective sticker 8, the sliding graduated scale 7 and the back side of reflective sticker 8 are waterproof paster Piece;

A3. the mounting slip track support beam 2 between the bracket of truss position to be installed;

A4. the center mounting slip track 3 in sliding rail support beam 2, and in truss longitudinal direction side bar lower weld Interim slip support abutment 4, forms sliding system;

A5. according to sliding truss station location marker sliding center line, sliding rail support beam is pasted by graduated scale 7 is slid in A1 On 2, with center line as Origin And Destination;

A6. sliding rail support beam 2 pastes sliding graduated scale 7 near track position, pastes after finishing in interim sliding branch The outside of seat 4 welding sliding pointer 6, the sliding lower position of pointer 6 is just vertical with scale position, and sliding pointer 6 bottom distance is sliding Graduated scale 7 is moved apart from being 2mm, the sliding pointer 6 is made using the welding rods of ¢ 3.2, its length is 100mm.

Step 2:Assembled process control

Assembled process is carried out on installation at high altitude platform 1

B1. measure and determine whether the amount of deflection of truss meets design, code requirement and be identified;

B2. reflective sticker 8 is set in identification point and measurement data is to determine original arch camber numerical value, reflective sticker 88 is arranged on At segmentation arch camber control point, apart from lower edge 100mm, the reflective sticker 8 is with a scale;

B3. after reflective sticker 8 is installed, truss to be installed is measured according to design arch camber numerical value using total powerstation, The center scale of reflective sticker is arch camber requirement numerical value, and measured value scale lower section is bigger than normal for arch camber, and measured value is on scale Side is less than normal for arch camber, and springing quantum is designed up to close according to actually carrying out readjusting;

B4. arch camber is carried out according to the springing quantum of design, code requirement;

Step 3:Sliding synchronization is controlled

C1. sliding system is detected, carries out examination sliding;

C2. each skidding distance is 100mm in slipping, while arranging special messenger according to sliding in both sides sliding rail 3 The sliding display distance of graduated scale 7 is monitored, and when deviation occurs in each skidding distance, the side less than normal for skidding distance increases Sliding jacking force is finely adjusted, and reaches the effect of each sliding synchronization.

C3. it is carried out continuously described in C2 and operates into line slip, sliding carries out positioning tune per truss structure to next bracket center line It is whole;

When after the completion of C4. being slid per truss structure to next bracket position, it is finely adjusted using automatic hydraulic system, fine setting is aobvious Show scale, it is main to determine fine setting distance by making sliding graduated scale 7 by oneself, identified in place in bracket upper table planar survey in place first Center line, it is then determined that needing to finely tune distance, is finely adjusted to bracket anchor point using hydraulic pushing;

C5. assembled next truss structure, is control point according to every Pin using the first truss structure as control point, amount of deflection is measured, and is entered Sliding control of the row per truss structure;

C6. per Pin sliding after the completion of and carry out next truss structure assembly before, measured using reflective sticker 8 at the scene Control, controls assembled springing quantum;

C7. positioning measurement is carried out to overall truss after the completion of truss accumulation slippage, and is finely adjusted, and complete truss sliding Construction.

Embodiment two

As shown in Figures 1 to 6, the scheme of embodiment two is essentially identical with the scheme of embodiment one, and difference is:Sliding is carved The width for spending chi 7 is 25mm;The length of the sliding pointer is 150mm.

Overall truss fine setting positioning is carried out in the embodiment having, after the completion of sliding, on the bracket identified during Plane center line in place re-starts verification and is finely adjusted in place.

In the embodiment having, each skidding distance is 200mm in slipping.

In the embodiment having, each skidding distance is 100mm in slipping, while being utilized in both sides sliding rail 3 Real-time recording according to sliding graduated scale 7 sliding display distance be monitored, when there is deviation in each skidding distance, for slide away from Increase sliding jacking force from side less than normal to be finely adjusted, reach the effect of each sliding synchronization.

It should be noted that herein, if being used merely to one in the presence of first and second or the like relational terms Individual entity or operation make a distinction with another entity or operation, and not necessarily require or imply these entities or operate it Between there is any this actual relation or order.And, term " including ", "comprising" or its any other variant be intended to Cover including for nonexcludability, so that process, method, article or equipment including a series of key elements not only include those Key element, but also other key elements including being not expressly set out, or also include for this process, method, article or set Standby intrinsic key element.In the absence of more restrictions, the key element limited by sentence "including a ...", it is not excluded that Also there is other identical element in the process including the key element, method, article or equipment.Above example is only used to Technical scheme is illustrated, rather than its limitations;Although being described in detail to the present invention with reference to the foregoing embodiments, It will be understood by those within the art that:It can still be repaiied to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments Change, or equivalent is carried out to which part technical characteristic;And these modifications or replacement, do not make appropriate technical solution Essence departs from the spirit and scope of various embodiments of the present invention technical scheme.

Claims (6)

1. long-span roofing truss installation at high altitude slip control method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Step one:Assembled preamble work
A1. graduated scale is slid according to skidding distance processing and fabricating;
A2. reflective sticker is made, the reflective sticker is circular and at least provided with scale at upper and lower two, and the scale is not same Side and it is symmetrical arranged with reflective sticker axis;
A3. the mounting slip track support beam between the bracket of truss position to be installed;
A4. the center mounting slip track in sliding rail support beam, and slided temporarily in truss longitudinal direction side bar lower weld Bearing is moved, sliding system is formed;
A5. according to sliding truss station location marker sliding center line, pasted graduated scale is slid in A1 in sliding rail support beam, with Center line is Origin And Destination;
A6. sliding rail support beam near track position paste sliding graduated scale, stickup finish after on the outside of interim slip support abutment Welding sliding pointer, sliding pointer lower position is just vertical with scale position, sliding pointer bottom distance slide graduated scale away from From being 2mm.
Step 2:Assembled process control
B1. measure and determine whether the amount of deflection of truss meets design, code requirement and be identified;
B2. reflective sticker is set in identification point and measurement data is to determine original arch camber numerical value, reflective sticker is arranged on and is segmented At arch control point, apart from lower edge 100mm, the reflective sticker is with a scale;
B3. after reflective sticker is installed, truss to be installed is measured according to design arch camber numerical value using total powerstation, reflection plaster The center scale of piece is arch camber requirement numerical value, and measured value scale lower section is bigger than normal for arch camber, and measured value is above scale Arch is less than normal, and springing quantum is designed up to close according to actually carrying out readjusting;
B4. arch camber is carried out according to the springing quantum of design, code requirement;
Step 3:Sliding synchronization is controlled
C1. sliding automatic hydraulic system is detected, and carries out examination sliding;
C2. each skidding distance is 100mm in slipping, while arranging special messenger according to sliding graduated scale in both sides sliding rail Sliding display distance is monitored, and when deviation occurs in each skidding distance, the side less than normal for skidding distance increases sliding top Thrust is finely adjusted, and reaches the effect of each sliding synchronization.
C3. it is carried out continuously described in C2 and operates into line slip, sliding carries out positioning adjustment per truss structure to next bracket center line;
When after the completion of C4. being slid per truss structure to next bracket position, it is finely adjusted using automatic hydraulic system, fine setting display is carved Degree, it is main to determine fine setting distance by making sliding graduated scale by oneself, identify center in place in bracket upper table planar survey in place first Line, it is then determined that needing to finely tune distance, is finely adjusted to bracket anchor point using hydraulic pushing;
C5. assembled next truss structure, is control point according to every Pin using the first truss structure as control point, amount of deflection is measured, and is carried out every The sliding control of truss structure;
C6. per Pin sliding after the completion of and carry out next truss structure assembly before, measure control using reflective sticker at the scene, Control assembled springing quantum;
C7. positioning measurement is carried out to overall truss after the completion of truss accumulation slippage, and is finely adjusted, and complete truss sliding to apply Work.
2. long-span roofing truss installation at high altitude slip control method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The A1 The scale of middle sliding graduated scale is labeled with decade, and mark once, determines that 1m is spaced during at interval of 1m positions.
3. long-span roofing truss installation at high altitude slip control method according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The A1 The width of middle sliding graduated scale is 20mm~25mm, and its material is waterproof hard material.
4. long-span roofing truss installation at high altitude slip control method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cunning Move graduated scale and the reflective sticker back side is waterproof paster.
5. long-span roofing truss installation at high altitude slip control method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cunning Move pointer to be made using the welding rods of ¢ 3.2, its length is 100mm~150mm.
6. long-span roofing truss installation at high altitude slip control method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Slide Overall truss fine setting positioning is carried out after, plane center line in place re-starts verification on the bracket identified during is carried out Fine setting is in place.
CN201710052854.8A 2017-01-22 2017-01-22 Long-span roofing truss installation at high altitude slip control method CN106703419B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107338963A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-11-10 中建三局第建设工程有限责任公司 A kind of super-span truss string structure construction method for hanging outside the venue
CN107558612A (en) * 2017-07-18 2018-01-09 江苏绿色辉煌节能科技有限公司 A kind of curved space pipe truss installation method
CN108824816A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-11-16 浙江大学 A kind of big inter-network frame sliding location and installation in high-altitude and monitoring method

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH04111829A (en) * 1990-08-30 1992-04-13 Shimizu Corp Method for constructing large-span roof
DE10151535A1 (en) * 2001-10-18 2003-04-30 Ivan Nikic Building assembly machine with telescopic arm for providing facade of building with wall and roof elements
CN101451383A (en) * 2008-12-25 2009-06-10 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Sliding construction method of large span steel structure roof
CN203394083U (en) * 2013-07-17 2014-01-15 中国建筑第六工程局有限公司 Sliding synchronous device for steel structures
CN106284668A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-01-04 江苏江中集团有限公司 A kind of large span large-spatial structures roofing truss installation method

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH04111829A (en) * 1990-08-30 1992-04-13 Shimizu Corp Method for constructing large-span roof
DE10151535A1 (en) * 2001-10-18 2003-04-30 Ivan Nikic Building assembly machine with telescopic arm for providing facade of building with wall and roof elements
CN101451383A (en) * 2008-12-25 2009-06-10 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Sliding construction method of large span steel structure roof
CN203394083U (en) * 2013-07-17 2014-01-15 中国建筑第六工程局有限公司 Sliding synchronous device for steel structures
CN106284668A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-01-04 江苏江中集团有限公司 A kind of large span large-spatial structures roofing truss installation method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107338963A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-11-10 中建三局第建设工程有限责任公司 A kind of super-span truss string structure construction method for hanging outside the venue
CN107338963B (en) * 2017-07-17 2019-05-31 中建三局第一建设工程有限责任公司 A kind of over-the-counter construction method for hanging of super-span truss string structure
CN107558612A (en) * 2017-07-18 2018-01-09 江苏绿色辉煌节能科技有限公司 A kind of curved space pipe truss installation method
CN108824816A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-11-16 浙江大学 A kind of big inter-network frame sliding location and installation in high-altitude and monitoring method

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