CN106669994A - High-sulfur coal mine swirler provided with damping device - Google Patents

High-sulfur coal mine swirler provided with damping device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106669994A
CN106669994A CN201710181883.4A CN201710181883A CN106669994A CN 106669994 A CN106669994 A CN 106669994A CN 201710181883 A CN201710181883 A CN 201710181883A CN 106669994 A CN106669994 A CN 106669994A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cyclone
damping
shell
swirler
coal mine
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Granted
Application number
CN201710181883.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106669994B (en
Inventor
谢秩勇
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Weihai Shang Shang Machinery Equipment Technology Co., Ltd.
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Mianyang Yaobang Environmental Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710181883.4A priority Critical patent/CN106669994B/en
Publication of CN106669994A publication Critical patent/CN106669994A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C9/00Combinations with other devices, e.g. fans, expansion chambers, diffusors, water locks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C11/00Accessories, e.g. safety or control devices, not otherwise provided for, e.g. regulators, valves in inlet or overflow ducting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C9/00Combinations with other devices, e.g. fans, expansion chambers, diffusors, water locks
    • B04C2009/005Combinations with other devices, e.g. fans, expansion chambers, diffusors, water locks with external rotors, e.g. impeller, ventilator, fan, blower, pump
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C9/00Combinations with other devices, e.g. fans, expansion chambers, diffusors, water locks
    • B04C2009/007Combinations with other devices, e.g. fans, expansion chambers, diffusors, water locks with internal rotors, e.g. impeller, ventilator, fan, blower, pump

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-sulfur coal mine swirler provided with a damping device. The high-sulfur coal mine swirler comprises a swirler body, wherein the upper part of the swirler body communicates with a feeding pipe; an underflow orifice is formed in the bottom of the swirler body; the top of the swirler body communicates with an overflow pipe; the external part of the swirler body is connected with a shell covering the swirler body; the swirler body and the shell are fixedly connected through a plurality of rigid springs; a rotary disc is fixedly connected with the lower part of the shell; a fixed disc concentric and coaxial with the rotary disc is connected with the external part of the rotary disc in a sleeving manner; the fixed disc is rotatably connected with the rotary disc; at least three support plates fixed with the ground are connected with the lower part of the fixed disc; and a damping spring is connected is between each of the support plates and the fixed disc. According to the invention, the swirler is rotated to provide sufficient centrifugal force for ore pulp separation, so that the problem that the centrifugal force for ore pulp separation is limited is solved, and the separation efficiency is improved.

Description

It is provided with the high sulfur coal mine cyclone of damping device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cyclone, and in particular to be provided with the high sulfur coal mine cyclone of damping device.
Background technology
Cyclone is a kind of common separation classifying equipoment, commonly uses centrifugal sedimentation principle.When two-phase mixtures liquid to be separated After tangentially entering in cyclone from cyclone periphery with certain pressure, the strong rotational shear turbulent flow fortune of strong Three-Dimensional Elliptic is produced It is dynamic.Poor due to there is granularity between coarse granule and fine grained, it is subject to centrifugal force, centripetal buoyancy, fluid drag etc. of different sizes, Acted on by centrifugal sedimentation, most crude particle is discharged through cyclone underflow opening, and most of fine grained is discharged by overflow pipe, so that Reach separation classification purpose.
Existing cyclone is passed through in cyclone after being pressurizeed to ore pulp using pressurized equipments such as sand pumps, therefore, rotation The centrifugal force of the ore pulp rotation in stream device comes from itself, and the centrifugal force that ore pulp is subject to is limited, and good grading effect is not had, Preferable grading effect can be reached when only applying sufficiently large power to ore pulp.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are that the centrifugal force that ore pulp is produced in cyclone in traditional cyclone is limited, Purpose is to provide the high sulfur coal mine cyclone for being provided with damping device, for the centrifugal force of ore pulp rotating separation in solution cyclone Limited problem.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
The high sulfur coal mine cyclone of damping device, including cyclone are provided with, the cyclone top is communicated with feed pipe, Cyclone bottom is provided with underflow opening, and cyclone apex is communicated with overflow pipe, and the cyclone is externally connected to cladding cyclone Shell, be fixedly connected by many rigidity springs between the cyclone and shell, shell lower section is fixedly connected with and turns Disk, is socketed with the fixed disk with rotating disk concentric co-axial outside the rotating disk, the fixed disk is rotated with rotating disk and is connected, fixed disk Lower section is connected with least three pieces supporting plates fixed with ground, and damping bullet is respectively connected between every piece of supporting plate and fixed disk Spring.
Cyclone is the place that ore pulp is separate, and the present invention provides centrifugal force, solves by rotary rotational flow device for ore pulp is separated The problem that be limited for separation centrifugal force by ore deposit of having determined, and the present invention is not rotated quickly directly to cyclone force, is passed through Shell drives cyclone rotation that the effect of buffering is served to cyclone, rotates at a high speed for a long time, and cyclone is also easily damaged, and And the spring between cyclone and shell has the used of damping, be conducive to extending the service life of cyclone, good damping effect; Rotating disk is the actuating unit that cyclone is rotated;Realization principle of the invention is:Rotating disk is opened, turntable rotation drives shell rotation, Shell rotarily drives cyclone rotation, and by feed pipe to adding ore pulp in cyclone, ore pulp enters after cyclone in cyclone Rotation in be subject to centrifugal force so as to be separated, rigidity spring has the effect of bumper and absorbing shock, it is to avoid cyclone is at a high speed There is strenuous vibration in rotary course and damage cyclone, be easy to use cyclone and extend the service life of cyclone, Gu Price fixing is used to fix rotating disk, it is to avoid the deflection that rotating disk is subjected to displacement in rotating, and the supporting plate being connected with fixed disk is used for will be whole Individual device is fixed with ground, the damping spring good damping effect between supporting plate and fixed disk, for subtracting to whole device Shake, is easy to the use of whole device, extends its service life.Therefore, the present invention is provided by rotary rotational flow device for ore pulp is separated Centrifugal force, the size of centrifugal force can not be limited, and junction in the present invention between each structure employs spring, subtracts Shake effect is good, long service life.
Underflow opening lower section is communicated with sand sediment pipe, and the sand export of the sand sediment pipe is located at outside shell through the side wall of shell Portion.Sand sediment pipe is shaked out from the side of shell, shakes out conveniently, and cyclone will not be hindered to rotate.
At least two panels blade is provided with overflow pipe outer wall inside the cyclone, the overflow pipe overcoat above cyclone Bearing is connected to, the bearing is located at cyclone apex by belt and motor connection, the motor.The overflow pipe of cyclone can be Rotated in the presence of motor, enhance the centrifugal force of ore pulp separation so that the separative efficiency that ore pulp is separate.
The liner of the cyclone is set to ceramic-lined, and the outer wall of the cyclone is coated with the inwall of shell and subtracts Shake rubber blanket.Ceramic-lined anti-wear performance is good, and yielding rubber pad has certain cushioning effect.
Every piece of supporting plate lower section is provided with universal wheel, and the universal wheel is with supporting plate by hinge links, support Plate bottom is provided with the groove for receiving dress universal wheel.Universal wheel is easy to move whole device, and universal wheel can be moved down on hinge It is dynamic just to may move, it is not necessary to during using universal wheel, it is necessary to during using universal wheel, universal wheel is pulled out downwards, by universal wheel to On pack up.
The present invention compared with prior art, has the following advantages and advantages:
1st, the high sulfur coal mine cyclone for being provided with damping device of the invention is provided by rotary rotational flow device for ore pulp is separated Enough centrifugal force, solves the problems, such as that ore pulp separates centrifugal force and is limited, and improve separative efficiency;
2nd, the present invention be provided with damping device high sulfur coal mine cyclone good damping effect, the present invention in cyclone with it is outer Spring connection, good damping effect, long service life are employed between shell, between fixed disk and supporting plate;
3rd, the high sulfur coal mine hydrocyclone structure for being provided with damping device of the invention is simple, and simple operation is easy to maintenance.
Brief description of the drawings
Accompanying drawing described herein is used for providing further understanding the embodiment of the present invention, constitutes of the application Point, do not constitute the restriction to the embodiment of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention.
Mark and corresponding parts title in accompanying drawing:
1- cyclones, 2- feed pipes, 3- underflow openings, 4- shells, 5- rigidity springs, 6- rotating disks, 7- fixed disks, 8- supports Plate, 9- sand sediment pipes, 10- overflow pipes, 11- blades, 12- motors, 13- universal wheels.
Specific embodiment
To make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention become more apparent, with reference to embodiment and accompanying drawing, to this Invention is described in further detail, and exemplary embodiment of the invention and its explanation are only used for explaining the present invention, do not make It is limitation of the invention.
Embodiment 1
As shown in figure 1, the present invention is provided with the high sulfur coal mine cyclone of damping device, including cyclone 1, the cyclone 1 top is communicated with feed pipe 2, and the bottom of cyclone 1 is provided with underflow opening 3, and the top of cyclone 1 is communicated with overflow pipe 10, the rotation Stream device 1 is externally connected to the shell 4 of cladding cyclone 1, is fixed by many rigidity springs 5 between the cyclone 1 and shell 4 Connection, the lower section of the shell 4 is fixedly connected with rotating disk 6, and the fixed disk with the concentric co-axial of rotating disk 6 is socketed with outside the rotating disk 6 7, the fixed disk 7 is rotated with rotating disk 6 and is connected, and the lower section of fixed disk 7 is connected with least three pieces supporting plates 8 fixed with ground, Damping spring is respectively connected between every piece of supporting plate 8 and fixed disk 7.The lower section of underflow opening 3 is communicated with sand sediment pipe 9, described heavy The sand export of sandpipe 9 is located at outside shell 4 through the side wall of shell 4.The liner of the cyclone 1 be set to it is ceramic-lined, The outer wall of the cyclone 1 is coated with yielding rubber pad with the inwall of shell 4.
Implementation of the invention is:Rotating disk is opened, turntable rotation drives shell rotation, and shell rotarily drives cyclone rotation Turn, by feed pipe to adding ore pulp in cyclone, ore pulp enter after cyclone be subject in the rotation of cyclone centrifugal force from And separated, rigidity spring has the effect of bumper and absorbing shock, it is to avoid cyclone occurs in high-speed rotation acutely shake Move and damage cyclone, be easy to use cyclone and extend the service life of cyclone, fixed disk is used to fix rotating disk, keeps away Exempt from the deflection being subjected to displacement during rotating disk is rotated, the supporting plate being connected with fixed disk is used to fix whole device with ground, supports Damping spring good damping effect between plate and fixed disk, for carrying out damping to whole device, is easy to the use of whole device, Extend its service life.Therefore, the present invention provides centrifugal force by rotary rotational flow device for ore pulp is separated, and the size of centrifugal force is not Can be restricted, and junction in the present invention between each structure employs spring, good damping effect, long service life.Pottery Porcelain inner liner abrasive resistant performance is good, and yielding rubber pad has certain cushioning effect.
Embodiment 2
Based on embodiment 1, at least two panels blade 11, eddy flow are provided with the outer wall of overflow pipe 10 inside the cyclone 1 Bearing is socketed with outside the overflow pipe 10 of the top of device 1, the bearing is connected by belt with motor 12, the motor 12 is located at eddy flow Device top.The overflow pipe of cyclone can be rotated in the presence of motor, enhance the centrifugal force of ore pulp separation so that ore pulp is separated Separative efficiency.
Embodiment 3
Based on above-described embodiment, the lower section of every piece of supporting plate 8 is provided with universal wheel 13, the universal wheel 13 and support By hinge links, the bottom of supporting plate 8 is provided with the groove for receiving dress universal wheel 13 to plate 8.Universal wheel is easy to move whole device, ten thousand Can be moved up and down around hinge to wheel, it is necessary to during using universal wheel, universal wheel is pulled out downwards, just may move, it is not necessary to During using universal wheel, universal wheel is upwards collected through in groove.
Above-described specific embodiment, has been carried out further to the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and beneficial effect Describe in detail, should be understood that and the foregoing is only specific embodiment of the invention, be not intended to limit the present invention Protection domain, all any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements within the spirit and principles in the present invention, done etc. all should include Within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. be provided with the high sulfur coal mine cyclone of damping device, including cyclone (1), cyclone (1) top be communicated with into Expects pipe (2), cyclone (1) bottom is provided with underflow opening (3), and cyclone (1) top is communicated with overflow pipe (10), and its feature exists In the cyclone (1) is externally connected to the shell (4) of cladding cyclone (1), leads between the cyclone (1) and shell (4) Excessive root rigidity spring (5) is fixedly connected, and shell (4) lower section is fixedly connected with rotating disk (6), rotating disk (6) outer cover The fixed disk (7) with rotating disk (6) concentric co-axial is connected to, the fixed disk (7) rotates with rotating disk (6) and is connected, under fixed disk (7) Side is connected with least three pieces supporting plates (8) fixed with ground, is all connected between every piece of supporting plate (8) and fixed disk (7) There is damping spring.
2. the high sulfur coal mine cyclone for being provided with damping device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that underflow opening (3) Lower section is communicated with sand sediment pipe (9), and the sand export of the sand sediment pipe (9) is located at shell (4) outside through the side wall of shell (4).
3. the high sulfur coal mine cyclone for being provided with damping device according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that the rotation At least two panels blade (11) is provided with internal overflow pipe (10) outer wall of stream device (1), the overflow pipe (10) above cyclone (1) Bearing is socketed with outward, the bearing is connected by belt with motor (12), and the motor (12) is positioned at cyclone apex.
4. the high sulfur coal mine cyclone for being provided with damping device according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that the rotation The liner of stream device (1) is set to ceramic-lined, and the outer wall of the cyclone (1) and the inwall of shell (4) are coated with damping rubber Rubber cushion.
5. the high sulfur coal mine cyclone for being provided with damping device according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that described every Block supporting plate (8) lower section is provided with universal wheel (13), and the universal wheel (13) is with supporting plate (8) by hinge links, support Plate (8) bottom is provided with the groove for receiving dress universal wheel (13).
CN201710181883.4A 2017-03-24 2017-03-24 It is provided with the high sulfur coal mine cyclone of damping device Active CN106669994B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108480067A (en) * 2018-03-29 2018-09-04 合肥俊刚机械科技有限公司 A kind of novel purified starch breast cyclone
CN108576465A (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-09-28 安徽省希久养殖有限责任公司 A kind of special chicken breeding feed and its mixing device of production
CN109179401A (en) * 2018-09-05 2019-01-11 七台河宝泰隆石墨烯新材料有限公司 A kind of separator of cyclone type graphite expansion furnace

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050242008A1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2005-11-03 Peter Simpson Material classifier
CN101028614A (en) * 2006-05-09 2007-09-05 西南石油大学 Vertical dynamic cyclone device
CN202155111U (en) * 2010-11-05 2012-03-07 武汉金源环保科技工程设备有限公司 Hypergravity dehydrator
CN103977917A (en) * 2014-05-28 2014-08-13 常州大学 Hydrocyclone-centrifuge combined liquid-liquid separator
CN205926063U (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-02-08 江西一元再生资源有限公司 Swirler overflow ore pulp grading plant
CN206587924U (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-10-27 绵阳耀邦环保科技有限公司 High sulfur coal gangue sorting process ore separator

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050242008A1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2005-11-03 Peter Simpson Material classifier
CN101028614A (en) * 2006-05-09 2007-09-05 西南石油大学 Vertical dynamic cyclone device
CN202155111U (en) * 2010-11-05 2012-03-07 武汉金源环保科技工程设备有限公司 Hypergravity dehydrator
CN103977917A (en) * 2014-05-28 2014-08-13 常州大学 Hydrocyclone-centrifuge combined liquid-liquid separator
CN205926063U (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-02-08 江西一元再生资源有限公司 Swirler overflow ore pulp grading plant
CN206587924U (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-10-27 绵阳耀邦环保科技有限公司 High sulfur coal gangue sorting process ore separator

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108480067A (en) * 2018-03-29 2018-09-04 合肥俊刚机械科技有限公司 A kind of novel purified starch breast cyclone
CN108480067B (en) * 2018-03-29 2020-11-10 黑龙江鹏程生化有限公司 Novel swirler is used to refined starch milk
CN108576465A (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-09-28 安徽省希久养殖有限责任公司 A kind of special chicken breeding feed and its mixing device of production
CN109179401A (en) * 2018-09-05 2019-01-11 七台河宝泰隆石墨烯新材料有限公司 A kind of separator of cyclone type graphite expansion furnace

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Effective date of registration: 20181214

Address after: 264200 Room 503, 99A Shichang Avenue, Tianhe Street, Torch High-tech Industrial Development Zone, Weihai City, Shandong Province

Applicant after: Weihai Shang Shang Machinery Equipment Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 610000 Sanjiang Avenue, Jingkai District, Mianyang City, Sichuan Province, 39

Applicant before: Mianyang Yaobang Environmental Technology Co. Ltd.

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