CN106669958A - Seed filtering device - Google Patents

Seed filtering device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106669958A
CN106669958A CN201611128940.4A CN201611128940A CN106669958A CN 106669958 A CN106669958 A CN 106669958A CN 201611128940 A CN201611128940 A CN 201611128940A CN 106669958 A CN106669958 A CN 106669958A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
seed
casing
web plate
filter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611128940.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈红
Original Assignee
陈红
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 陈红 filed Critical 陈红
Priority to CN201611128940.4A priority Critical patent/CN106669958A/en
Publication of CN106669958A publication Critical patent/CN106669958A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03BSEPARATING SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS
    • B03B5/00Washing granular, powdered or lumpy materials; Wet separating
    • B03B5/28Washing granular, powdered or lumpy materials; Wet separating by sink-float separation
    • B03B5/30Washing granular, powdered or lumpy materials; Wet separating by sink-float separation using heavy liquids or suspensions
    • B03B5/36Devices therefor, other than using centrifugal force
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03BSEPARATING SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS
    • B03B7/00Combinations of wet processes or apparatus with other processes or apparatus, e.g. for dressing ores or garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/04Stationary flat screens

Abstract

The invention discloses a seed filtering device and belongs to the technical field of agricultural big data. The seed filtering device comprises a bottom plate, a left side plate, supports and a fixing plate. The left side plate is vertically welded to the left side of the top of the bottom plate. The supports are vertically and symmetrically welded to the right side of the top of the bottom plate. The fixing plate is horizontally welded to the middle of the right side face of the left side plate. A feeding hopper is welded to the upper portion of the left side of the left side plate. A primary filtering portion for filtering away granules and dust with the size larger than that of seeds is arranged on the fixing plate. The feeding hopper communicates with the primary filtering portion. The supports are provided with a separation portion. The primary filtering portion communicates with the separation portion. Seeds to be sorted enter the primary filtering portion through the feeding hopper and then enter the separation portion. An inner frame is arranged in the separation portion, a rotating shaft is fixed to the bottom of the inner frame, and the rotating shaft is connected with a motor. The seed filtering device achieves the effects that the manufacturing cost is low, practicability is high, labor is saved, time is saved, working efficiency is high and operation is easy.

Description

A kind of seed filter
Technical field
The invention belongs to agriculture big data technical field, more particularly to a kind of seed filter.
Background technology
Agriculture big data is produced after having merged the unique characteristics such as agricultural region, seasonality, diversity, periodicity Source is extensive, type is various, complex structure, with potential value, and be difficult to using usual method process and analysis data acquisition system. It remain that big data itself has it is huge, type is various, value density is low, processing speed is fast, accuracy is high and multiple The miscellaneous high essential characteristic of degree, and the information flow inside agricultural is extended and is deepened.
Breeding is by creating hereditary variation, hereditary capacity being improved, to cultivate the technology of excellent animals and plants new varieties.With heredity It is theoretical foundation to learn, and various subject knowledges such as integrated application ecology, physiology, biochemistry, pathology and biometrics.
Agriculture big data is related to plough, inserts each links such as kind, fertilising, desinsection, harvesting, storage, breeding, in breeding, Need to sort seed, for the sorting of a small amount of seed, people are sorted using by seed bubble in water mostly at present, Having the bad or less seed of particle will float, and in the process, people need agitation to steep the water of seed, enable seed Sorted comprehensively, after the completion of sorting, people reuse the seed that other instruments will float and pick up, such a series of step In, it is necessary to expend substantial amounts of manpower, devote a tremendous amount of time, the shortcoming of inefficiency, complex operation, therefore need research and development one badly Plant low manufacture cost, practical, saving manpower, save time, high working efficiency, seed filter simple to operate.
The content of the invention
In order to overcome the sorting for a small amount of seed, people are divided the present invention using by seed bubble in water mostly at present Choosing, it is necessary to expend substantial amounts of manpower, devote a tremendous amount of time, the shortcoming of inefficiency, complex operation, the invention solves the problems that Technical problem be to provide a kind of low manufacture cost, it is practical, save manpower, the saving time, high working efficiency, simple to operate Seed filter.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the invention provides such a seed filter, base plate, left side are included Plate, support and fixed plate, base plate top left side vertical are welded with left plate, and base plate top right vertical is symmetrically welded with support, Left plate right flank middle part level is welded with fixed plate, and the left side top of left plate is welded with feed hopper, and fixed plate was provided with Volume is filtered more than the particle of seed and the preliminary filter house of dust, feed hopper connects preliminary filter house, and support is provided with separation Portion, preliminary filter house connects separation unit, and seed to be sorted enters preliminary filter house in separation unit by feed hopper, in separation unit Inside casing is provided with, the bottom of inside casing is fixed with rotating shaft, rotating shaft connection motor.
In said apparatus, the preliminary filter house includes processing block, the first web plate and the second web plate, is opened on left plate top There is the second through hole, the first web plate and the second web plate are tiltedly installed with the left plate of the second lead to the hole site, the first web plate is located at a left side The right of side plate, the second web plate is located at the lower section of the first web plate, and the second web plate is located at the surface of processing block, and processing block is fixed on In fixed plate, feed hopper connects the first web plate positioned at the second through hole with the right of left plate.The separation unit includes housing, draining Pipe and filter screen, housing are arranged on the top of support, and housing right side wall bottom is provided with draining valve by connecting drainpipe, drainpipe Door, rotating shaft is fixed on outer inframe bottom connection inside casing through filter screen.The side wall of the inside casing is netted, and the bottom of inside casing is sieve-like There are hole, the diameter of the bottom hole with diameter greater than seed of inside casing.The end of the inside casing is provided with gland, and gland is fixed on inside casing Edge, gland horizontal plane rotate.
Operation principle:During using the present invention, the seed for needing to be sorted first is poured into feed hopper, after pouring into feed hopper Seed interior inframe is slipped to by web plate by the second through hole, web plate is capable of the dust of filter seed, the dust after filtering lead to Web plate is crossed to fall into processing block.After seed entirely falls in inside casing, outside inframe injects appropriate water, after having injected, interior inframe Having the bad or less seed of particle will float, and at the same time, start cylinder and do stretching motion, and drive push pedal is in interior inframe Lower movement, tooth bar moves up and down band moving gear positive and negative alternate and rotates therewith, and positive and negative alternate rotational band movable vane piece is positive and negative therewith for rotating shaft Alternate rotation, blade positive and negative alternate rotates the seed for stirring interior inframe so that seed is comprehensively sorted, and the effect for sorting is more Good, when push pedal is moved up in inside casing, the seed for floating will be fallen on filter screen by first through hole.Sorting is finished Afterwards, and when push pedal returns to origin-location, cylinder is closed, water discharging valve is opened, the water of housing and inside casing is discharged by drainpipe, and The seed fallen on filter screen will not be discharged by drainpipe, it is drained after, close water discharging valve, then to fall on filter screen have it is bad or The less seed of grain is uniformly processed, and the seed of interior inframe can just carry out breeding.
Because also including blower fan, the mode that left plate right flank is bolted is connected with blower fan, and blower fan is located at net The surface of plate, during using the present invention, starts blower fan work, and seed is fallen into processing block by web plate, what web plate can be filtered Dust, blower fan can blow off to processing block the dust on seed, and effect is more preferable.
Because also including vibrator, vibrator is connected by screw in the middle of web plate bottom, has started vibrator work, band Dynamic web plate work, can make seed more quickly fall into interior inframe.
A kind of seed filter provided by the present invention, has reached low manufacture cost, practical, saving manpower, section Make an appointment, high working efficiency, effect simple to operate.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the main structure diagram of seed filter of the invention.
Mark in accompanying drawing for:1- base plates, 2- left plates, 3- supports, 4- fixed plates, 5- housings, 6- drainpipes, 7- drainings Valve, 8- filter screens, 9- rotating shafts, 10- inside casings, 11- motor, 12- collecting boxs, the web plates of 13- second, 14- glands, 15- circular shafts, 16- is switched, 17- first through hole, 18- processing blocks, the through holes of 19- second, the web plates of 20- first, 21- feed hoppers.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
A kind of seed filter, as shown in figure 1, including base plate 1, left plate 2, support 3, fixed plate 4, housing 5, row Water pipe 6, water discharging valve 7, filter screen 8, inside casing 10, the second web plate 12, processing block 18, the first web plate 20 and feed hopper 21, base plate 1 are pushed up Portion's left side vertical is welded with left plate 2, and the top right side of base plate 1 is vertically symmetrical to be welded with support 3, the right flank middle part water of left plate 2 Downhand welding is connected to fixed plate 4, and the mode that the top of support 3 is bolted is connected with housing 5, and the right side wall bottom of housing 5 passes through method The mode of orchid connection is connected with drainpipe 6, water discharging valve 7 is connected with drainpipe 6 by way of screwed connection, in housing 5 Lower horizontal is provided with filter screen 8, and left end and the left side wall in housing 5 of filter screen 8 are welded to connect, right-hand member and the right side in housing 5 of filter screen 8 Wall weldering connection, the mode fixed rotating shaft 9 being bolted through filter screen 8 in housing 5, the connection motor 11 of rotating shaft 9, rotating shaft 9 top connection inside casing 10, the side wall of inside casing 10 is netted, and aperture very little seed can not be leached for crossing water, the bottom of inside casing 10 Portion is sieve-like, and the diameter of the sieve diameter more than seed of inside casing 10 can be filtered out less than the miscellaneous particle of the hard of seed.Inside casing 10 End be provided with a gland 14, gland 14 is fixed on the edge of inside casing by vertical circular shaft 15, and gland 14 can be around circular shaft 15 are rotated in horizontal plane, and gland 14 is held away from the side of the second web plate 13, and gland 14 is opened during charging, will not stop influence The landing of seed, closes gland 14 after charging terminates.Motor 11 is connected with switch 16, and switch is arranged on left plate 2, no The globule can be splashed, motor 11 gives the certain rotating speed of rotating shaft 9 and drives, and inside casing 10 can be driven to be rotated in housing 5, isolates The seed for varying in weight and debris in seed.First through hole 17, first through hole are provided with the top left and right sides wall of inside casing 10 17 lower sections for being located at gland 14, the mode being bolted in fixed plate 4 is connected with processing block 18, and the top of left plate 2 is provided with Second through hole 19, the updip inclined weld of left plate 2 of the position of the second through hole 19 is connected to the first web plate 20, and the first web plate 20 is located at left plate 2 right, the right low left high of the first web plate 20, the first web plate 20 is located at the upper left side of housing 5 and inside casing 10, the position of the second through hole 19 Left plate 2 on be welded with feed hopper 21, feed hopper 21 connect with the second through hole 19, and the aperture of the first web plate 20 is more than seed Diameter, for tentatively shining debris of the volume more than seed, the tail end of the first web plate 20 is provided with collecting box 12, and collecting box is used for The particle debris that collection shines out, the lower section of the first web plate 20 is provided with the second web plate 13, and the second web plate 13 is fixed on left plate 2 On, the diameter of the aperture less than seed of the second web plate 13, for accepting the seed mix that the first web plate 20 falls, while second Web plate 13 is located at the surface of processing block 18, and dust is fallen in processing block 18, and the length of the second web plate 13 is more than the first web plate 20 Length, the tail end of the second web plate 13 extend into inside casing 10, and seed mix is fallen into inside casing 10.The material of base plate 1 is Q235 steel, the material of processing block 18 is stainless steel.
Operation principle:During using the present invention, gland 14 is opened, the seed for needing to be sorted first is poured into feed hopper 21, Seed after pouring into feed hopper 21 is breathed out the second web plate 13 and is slipped in inside casing 10 by the second through hole 19 by the first web plate 20, First web plate 20 can the place of filtering more than seed debris, the second web plate 13 is capable of the dust of filter seed, the dust after filtering Fall into processing block 18.After seed entirely falls in inside casing 10, gland 14 is closed, slowly injecting enough water to housing 5 is higher than The position of first through hole 17, during injection, has the bad or less seed of particle to float, by first through hole 17 in inside casing 10 Fall on filter screen 8, after the particle not floated, open water discharging valve 7 and bleed off suitable quantity of water, then, press switch 16 and drink draining Valve 7, starts motor 11, and motor 11 drives inside casing 10 to rotate, and isolates the particle of seed and weight more than seed, closes Switch 16 is rotated and terminated, and opens gland 14, the big particle of weight in the centre position of seed, be conducive to seed and particle point Pick, and the seed fallen on filter screen 8 will not be discharged by drainpipe 6, have the less seed of bad or particle to unite to falling on filter screen 8 One treatment, the seed in inside casing 10 can just carry out breeding.
Because the material of base plate 1 is Q235 steel, the weight capacity of Q235 steel is strong, not perishable, by increasing capacitance it is possible to increase base plate 1 makes Use the life-span.Because the material of processing block 18 is stainless steel, stainless steel is acidproof, is difficult to get rusty in the case of long-term use so that Processing block 18 is more durable in use, and is readily cleaned.
Embodiment described above only expresses the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and its description is more specific and detailed, but simultaneously Therefore the limitation to the scope of the claims of the present invention can not be interpreted as.It should be pointed out that for one of ordinary skill in the art For, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, some deformations, improvement can also be made and substituted, these belong to this hair Bright protection domain.Therefore, the protection domain of patent of the present invention should be determined by the appended claims.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of seed filter, it is characterised in that the seed filter includes base plate (1), left plate (2), branch Frame (3) and fixed plate (4), base plate (1) top left side are welded with left plate (2), base plate (1) vertically symmetrical weldering of top right side vertically Support (3) is connected to, left plate (2) right flank middle part level is welded with fixed plate (4), and the left side top of left plate (2) is welded with Feed hopper (21), fixed plate (4) is provided with and filters out volume more than the particle of seed and the preliminary filter house of dust, feed hopper (21) preliminary filter house is connected, support (3) is provided with separation unit, and preliminary filter house connects separation unit, and seed to be sorted is by entering During hopper is into preliminary filter house to separation unit, inside casing (10) is provided with separation unit, the bottom of inside casing (10) is fixed with rotating shaft (9), rotating shaft (9) connects motor (11).
2. seed filter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the preliminary filter house includes processing block (18), the first web plate (20) and the second web plate (13), the second through hole (19), the second through hole (19) are provided with left plate (2) top The first web plate (20) and the second web plate (13) are tiltedly installed with the left plate (2) of position, the first web plate (20) is positioned at left plate (2) right, the second web plate (13) is positioned at the lower section of the first web plate (20), the second web plate (13) just going up positioned at processing block (18) Side, processing block (18) is fixed in fixed plate (4), and feed hopper (21) connects positioned at the right of the second through hole (19) and left plate (2) Logical first web plate (20).
3. seed filter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the separation unit includes housing (5), drainpipe (6) and filter screen (8), housing (5) installed in the top of support (3), by connecting drainpipe (6) arranged by housing (5) right side wall bottom Water pipe (6) is provided with water discharging valve (7), and rotating shaft (9) is fixed on the interior bottom of housing (5) and connects inside casing (10) through filter screen (8).
4. seed filter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the side wall of the inside casing (10) be it is netted, it is interior The bottom of frame (10) is that sieve-like has hole, the diameter of the bottom hole with diameter greater than seed of inside casing (10).
5. seed filter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the end of the inside casing (10) is provided with gland (14), gland (14) is fixed on the edge of inside casing (10), and gland (14) is rotated in horizontal plane.
CN201611128940.4A 2016-12-09 2016-12-09 Seed filtering device Pending CN106669958A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611128940.4A CN106669958A (en) 2016-12-09 2016-12-09 Seed filtering device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611128940.4A CN106669958A (en) 2016-12-09 2016-12-09 Seed filtering device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106669958A true CN106669958A (en) 2017-05-17

Family

ID=58868628

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201611128940.4A Pending CN106669958A (en) 2016-12-09 2016-12-09 Seed filtering device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106669958A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107952665A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-04-24 宁波裕龙光电科技有限公司 A kind of semi-automation soybean screening plant
CN112676142A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-04-20 四川省农业科学院农业信息与农村经济研究所 Breeding screening device and method thereof
CN113396701A (en) * 2021-06-10 2021-09-17 中国农业科学院草原研究所 Nettle seed harvesting and impurity removing device and method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107952665A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-04-24 宁波裕龙光电科技有限公司 A kind of semi-automation soybean screening plant
CN112676142A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-04-20 四川省农业科学院农业信息与农村经济研究所 Breeding screening device and method thereof
CN113396701A (en) * 2021-06-10 2021-09-17 中国农业科学院草原研究所 Nettle seed harvesting and impurity removing device and method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106583235A (en) Seed sorting device for agricultural big data breeding
CN207042653U (en) Seed screening plant is used in one kind sowing
CN106607181B (en) A kind of breeding seed screening plant
CN106669958A (en) Seed filtering device
CN110893376A (en) Seed water separation device for agriculture
CN204180877U (en) Tuber of pinellia cleaning peeling machine
CN105626063A (en) Automatic sampling system for logging rock waste
CN208944554U (en) One kind using classified screening device for biological particles production
CN106612730A (en) Water-screening breeding device
CN208643276U (en) A kind of organic fertilizer screening machine with dust collecting
CN112058621A (en) Combined type grain cleaning equipment capable of removing dust
CN108704836A (en) A kind of agricultural rice oscillating-type impurity removing device
CN205833634U (en) A kind of beans sifting device
CN203917288U (en) A kind of rhizoma Gastrodiae rhizome cleaning drying integral machine
CN208357243U (en) A kind of grain cleaning machine
CN105665116A (en) Washing and screening system
CN206613700U (en) Screening plant and intelligent landwaste drag for washing machine
CN106577269B (en) A kind of breeding wet concentration automatic control device
CN2674429Y (en) Propelled well-drilling rock-shelter cleaner
CN214515836U (en) Novel seed sieve separator is used in alfalfa breeding
CN110355094B (en) Portable fruit grading and sorting device
CN216705078U (en) Rabbit feed edulcoration screening plant
CN215917678U (en) Environment-friendly landscape architecture fallen leaf processing apparatus
CN213611870U (en) Screening effect is good decorates screening plant for engineering
CN214638055U (en) Visual detection equipment for quality of dry betel nuts

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20170517