CN106642573A - Controller based on three-phase air conditioner intelligent control and energy-saving management - Google Patents

Controller based on three-phase air conditioner intelligent control and energy-saving management Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106642573A
CN106642573A CN201611190272.8A CN201611190272A CN106642573A CN 106642573 A CN106642573 A CN 106642573A CN 201611190272 A CN201611190272 A CN 201611190272A CN 106642573 A CN106642573 A CN 106642573A
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China
Prior art keywords
air
conditioning
controller
module
air conditioner
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Granted
Application number
CN201611190272.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106642573B (en
Inventor
李中南
黄业汉
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Shenzhen Northmeter Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Northmeter Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201611190272.8A priority Critical patent/CN106642573B/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/30Control or safety arrangements for purposes related to the operation of the system, e.g. for safety or monitoring
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/62Control or safety arrangements characterised by the type of control or by internal processing, e.g. using fuzzy logic, adaptive control or estimation of values
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/30Control or safety arrangements for purposes related to the operation of the system, e.g. for safety or monitoring
    • F24F11/46Improving electric energy efficiency or saving
    • F24F11/47Responding to energy costs
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/50Control or safety arrangements characterised by user interfaces or communication
    • F24F11/52Indication arrangements, e.g. displays
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/50Control or safety arrangements characterised by user interfaces or communication
    • F24F11/54Control or safety arrangements characterised by user interfaces or communication using one central controller connected to several sub-controllers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/50Control or safety arrangements characterised by user interfaces or communication
    • F24F11/56Remote control
    • F24F11/58Remote control using Internet communication
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/50Control or safety arrangements characterised by user interfaces or communication
    • F24F11/61Control or safety arrangements characterised by user interfaces or communication using timers

Abstract

The invention discloses a controller based on three-phase air conditioner intelligent control and energy-saving management. The controller is characterized by comprising core main control, remote communication, energy consumption statistics, temperature and humidity sensing, a clock module, an infrared remote control module, a linkage module and an interface management and liquid crystal display, wherein the core main control is connected with the remote communication, the energy consumption statistics, the temperature and humidity sensing, the clock module, the infrared remote control module, the linkage module and the interface management and liquid crystal display. With electric energy counting, the controller can statistically analyze energy consumption and a state of an air conditioner, and make different feedbacks according to different information; with teletransmission communication and a self-networking technology, the controller can ensure that all nodes in a gateway communicate with one another; due to an energy-saving management scheme, an energy-saving strategy can be implemented; and the controller can be linked with various sensors and remote controllers for use.

Description

It is a kind of based on the control of three-phase air conditioner intelligent and the controller of administration of energy conservation
Technical field
The present invention relates to technology of air-conditioning controller field, more particularly to it is a kind of based on the control of three-phase air conditioner intelligentization and The controller of administration of energy conservation.
Background technology
As living standard is improved, in many public places, such as school, government departments and institutions, hotel are assembled with 3P ~5P's is large power air-conditioned, and comfort level improves, so as to more preferable work and study.But traditional large power air-conditioned installation method It is directly to draw three phase mains, by air switch, connects air conditioner power source, but large power air-conditioned management is using needing special messenger to bear Duty.
There is following defect in the large power air-conditioned of prior art:Large power air-conditioned energy consumption statistic is not specifically designed for, no Know air-conditioner standby duration, stand-by power consumption, hourly average energy consumption etc., it is not known which air-conditioning energy consumption itself is too high to be needed to change, Air conditioning energy consumption accounting in the electricity charge is not known yet;
Large power air-conditioned operation monitoring it is not specifically designed for, it is impossible to remote monitoring air conditioner, it is impossible to learn air-conditioner switch state, no Can find in time and handling failure air-conditioning;
Large power air-conditioned administration of energy conservation is not specifically designed for, cannot be used electricity in off-peak hours during energy shortage, administration of energy conservation is had no way of doing it.
In sum, large power air-conditioned of prior art is in primary operational phase, it is desirable to have special management means To know its situation, control it and use, save its energy consumption.
Drawbacks described above, is worth solving.
The content of the invention
In order to overcome the shortcomings of existing technology, the present invention provides one kind based on the control of three-phase air conditioner intelligent and energy-conservation The controller of management.
Technical solution of the present invention is as described below:
It is a kind of based on the control of three-phase air conditioner intelligent and the controller of administration of energy conservation, it is characterised in that including core master control, long-range Communication, energy consumption statistic, temperature and humidity sensing, clock module, infrared remote control module, interlocking module, interface management and liquid crystal display, institute State core master control respectively with the telecommunication, energy consumption statistic, the temperature and humidity sensing, the clock module, described red Outer remote control module, the interlocking module, the interface management and liquid crystal display connection;
Telecommunication, possesses high speed wireless communication and the wired two kinds of communication modes of RS485, by connect data acquisition gateway with it is rear Bench control system is docked, and wherein wireless telecommunications possess MANET function, i.e., can relay mutually between multiple points, route each other, One data acquisition gateway can simultaneously connect multiple terminals, and the selection in path is to combine signal quality and link cost, is selected It is preferred that take, so as to ensure the stability of communication transfer;
Energy consumption statistic, by electric energy metering module the electric energy service condition of air conditioner load is accurately controlled, and according to watt level Judge air-conditioning state, such as start, shutdown, standby;By electric energy metering module according to electricity consumption finger print information, the aging shape of analysis air-conditioning Condition and refrigeration, carry out automatic identification air conditioner load, and other non-air conditioner loads, when using, the controller automatically cuts off electricity Source, forbids other non-air conditioner loads to use, the power information daily, monthly to air-conditioning, can generate corresponding freezing data;
Temperature and humidity sensing, is provided with Temperature Humidity Sensor, carries out the temperature of air-conditioning by the Temperature Humidity Sensor, accomplishes The waste of the energy is reduced on the premise of not affecting comfort level, when environment temperature starts minimum temperature, the then control less than setting Device can cut off the electricity supply, and not allow air-conditioning to use;During use, environment temperature is less than more than 2 DEG C of design temperature, the control Air-conditioning is arranged back default temperature or closes air-conditioning by device processed;
Clock module, the punctual timing of clock is ensured by clock timing and power-off current supply circuit, while entering under power down mode During the school of row system, air conditioner power source need not be being automatically cut off, when needing to use air-conditioning with the season of air-conditioning or period Can be started with self-timing, adjust, close air-conditioning;
Infrared remote control module, possesses omnipotent infrared remote coding, and the infrared remote control module can pass through the various product of infrared control Board model air-conditioning, infrared remote control can preferably adjust management air-conditioning, reduce manual site's straighforward operation;
Interlocking module, air-conditioner controller is linked by sensor, so as to more preferably do energy efficiency management, coordinates human body sensing, is done Walk to be automatically switched off air-conditioning to people and use, linked by door and window, turn on the aircondition and be automatically switched off door and window, so as to more intelligentized control is empty Adjust, more preferably more reasonably utilize the energy;
Interface management, interface includes external three phase mains and air-conditioning three phase mains, and wherein air-conditioning three phase mains needs to wear to connect electric current Transformer, is easy to electric energy metrical to count;
Liquid crystal display, liquid crystal can clearly reflect the state of the controller, such as switch, expense, temperature information, and have Standby bicolor backlight, a kind of color of normal condition, abnormal another kind of color of reporting to the police;
Core master control, using high-performance processor, manages then all of module, and integrated various software functions and algorithm.
Further, after three-phase voltage current sampling of the electric energy metering module by transformer to three-phase air-conditioning, send Enter electric energy computation chip to be processed, and be converted into data signal and be sent to CPU and calculated, when air-conditioning is in electricity consumption, CPU according to The data signal for collecting carries out the statistics of electricity, and the electricity type of support includes:Combination is active, positive active, reversely active, Idle 1 is combined, combination idle 2.
Further, the controller carries out automatic identification sky by learning the electrical network parameter information of each working condition of air-conditioning Load is adjusted, and forbids other non-air conditioner loads to use, the electrical network parameter information of each working condition of the air-conditioning includes:
1)Air-conditioner standby state:The air-conditioner standby power of different size model has certain difference, but generally less than 10w;It is same Power consumption is more stable during air-conditioner standby, and undulating value is less than 1w;
2)Indoor apparatus of air conditioner works, outdoor compressor off position:Same air-conditioning in this state, active power, current value, Fluctuate in a particular range, and it is unrelated with air-conditioning design temperature;The air-conditioning of different size model in this state, difference compared with Greatly;
3)Indoor apparatus of air conditioner works, and outdoor compressor working condition:Outdoor compressor is starting moment, there is an impact electricity Stream, this current value size is more than 2 times of this state steady-state value, and same air-conditioning is when outdoor compressor works, and active power is electric Flow valuve can fluctuate in particular range, unrelated with air-conditioning design temperature, but outdoor temp angle value has a certain impact to this fluctuation.
Further, the step of infrared coding of the infrared remote control module is as follows:
1)Controller arrives red according to the specific function button of following serial order learning air-conditioning remote controls by upper computer software storage In outer remote control module:Turn on the aircondition(16 degree), close air-conditioning(16 degree), 16 degree are opened, open 17 degree ... and open 30 degree;
2)Controller mid-infrared remote control module storage order opens 16 degree to turn on the aircondition, closing air-conditioning, opens 17 degree ... and opens 30 degree;
3)After storage success, when controller receives air conditioner operation order, the coded command of memory is read, further according to coding Mode gone out by infrared emission, so as to control air-conditioning.
Further, the infrared control of the infrared remote control module includes:
Turn on the aircondition:Controller is connected to after instruction of turning on the aircondition, and transmitting ultra-red order is to air-conditioning, delaying time of controller automatic data collection load work( Rate data judge whether start is successful, and then feedback command sends mode of operation to background system, if boot failure is retransmitted Operation, retransmits 3 failures, records operation failure;
Close air-conditioning:Controller is connected to after instruction of turning on the aircondition, and transmitting ultra-red order is to air-conditioning, delaying time of controller automatic data collection load work( Rate data judge whether start is successful, and then feedback command sends mode of operation to background system, if boot failure is retransmitted Operation, retransmits 3 failures, records operation failure;
Adjust temperature:Controller is connected to after regulation temperature instruction, and transmitting ultra-red order sends operation to air-conditioning, then feedback command State is to background system.
Further, the controller be by with unit price and with energy carrying out pre-payment management, when remaining sum is sufficient Time is normally used, when the remaining sum proximity sensing amount of money, the early warning that carries out that Sorry, your ticket has not enough value, and when remaining sum is 0, tripping operation is forbidden making With.
Further, the pre-payment management includes:
Supplement with money:Supplement operation with money to be initiated by system end, system can send the charging information with key encryption, give by gateway passes Three-phase air-conditioner controller, controller carries out Decoding Analysis, draws correct charging information, carries out money charging, and record each time filling Value information is to inquire about;
Deduct fees:The rate of deducting fees of air-conditioning is arranged by system, unit price is set to RMB/kWh;
Move back expense:Supplement with money mistake or other etc. reason, move back expense information can be initiated by system, the move back expense amount of money cannot be more than last One recharge amount, controller receives move back expense information and can be compared verification, then carries out the change of the amount of money, and answering system.
Further, the administration of energy conservation of the controller includes:
Constant temperature:It is 26 DEG C that controller temperature is arranged using lower limit, after air-conditioning is opened, can automatically compare whether Current Temperatures reduce To 26 DEG C, if less than being equal to 26 DEG C, can automatically arrange air-conditioning and return 26 DEG C or close air-conditioning;
Regularly:Air-conditioner controller possesses clock timing function, and by clock period and permission that air-conditioning allows to use are controlled Certain moment automatic switching in period, it is allowed to period in setting 14 timing remote control air-conditioning tasks;
Quantitatively:Air-conditioner controller does quantitative management by using pre paid functionality, is periodically supplemented with money, and surplus then can make With no remaining sum can not be used.
Further, the controller is provided with several micro power radio modules, several described micro power radio modules Between can mutual one network of phase composition, data transfer step by step, most at last data lead to data acquisition unit, are eventually transferred into and are System;
The micro power radio module after the power-up, with controller central processing unit communication, obtains the ID addresses of controller, and will Used as the unique mark of communication, ID addresses are all unique unduplicated presence in system, collector for this ID address;
The data of the micro power radio module carry out transmission relaying signal by other controllers, and finally pass to collector End, the selection of relaying is selected according to conditions such as adjacent signal strengths, when certain via node failure exception, can be tieed up automatically Shield, selects surroundings nodes, produces new relay route transmission data;
The micro power radio module is provided with multiple working frequency range, can independently select do not have occupied channel or the most weak frequency of interference Road.
Further, micro power radio module is child node, and gateway or collector are host node, the micropower is wireless mould The networking flow process of block includes:
1)Use child node address(EUI)Application networks;2)Host node receives child node application networking request MSG, has looked for whether Space preserves child node information, has, and issues MSG_SINK_READY;3)Child node receives the MSG_SINK_ that host node is issued READY, by network identification TRUE is set to, if having read controller address, uploads controller address to host node;4)Son Node broadcasts send data, when host node receives the data, if heartbeat packet timing is more than 20, are set to make up one's mind after 20 i.e. 5s Jump bag;5)Child node receives the MSG_SINK_ADVERTISE heartbeat packets that host node is issued, and random delay 1-5s wait-for-responses ring The heartbeat packet answered includes controller address;
6)Host node receives the heartbeat packet of child node response, if archive management mode is archives verification, checks child node , if the not archives of the child node in archives, long-range logout child node, otherwise there are the archives of child node address, refreshes son Node timing;7)If child node receives the long-range logout of host node, the PanId of correspondence host node is preserved, so as to next time not Carry out application networking, and module logout.
According to the present invention of such scheme, its advantage is that present invention band electric energy metrical being capable of statistical analysis air-conditioning Energy consumption, state, and different feedbacks can be done according to different information;Possess teletransmission communication, possess ad hoc network, ensure that Gateway interior nodes can interconnect;Band energy-conservation Managed Solution, can implement Energy Saving Strategy;Can be with multiple sensors and remote control Device linkage is used.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic flow sheet of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiment is conducted further description to the present invention:
As shown in figure 1, a kind of based on the control of three-phase air conditioner intelligent and the controller of administration of energy conservation, it is characterised in that including core Heart master control, telecommunication, energy consumption statistic, temperature and humidity sensing, clock module, infrared remote control module, interlocking module, interface management and Liquid crystal display, the core master control respectively with the telecommunication, the energy consumption statistic, the temperature and humidity sensing, the clock Module, the infrared remote control module, the interlocking module, the interface management and liquid crystal display connection;
Telecommunication, possesses high speed wireless communication and the wired two kinds of communication modes of RS485, by connect data acquisition gateway with it is rear Bench control system is docked, and wherein wireless telecommunications possess MANET function, i.e., can relay mutually between multiple points, route each other, Such data acquisition gateway can simultaneously connect multiple terminals, the selection in path be combine signal quality and link into This, preferentially chooses, so as to ensure the stability of communication transfer;
Energy consumption statistic, is provided with high accuracy high-performance electric energy metering module, can accurately control load(Air-conditioning)Electric energy use feelings Condition, can judge air-conditioning state according to watt level etc., such as start, shutdown, it is standby;Can according to electricity consumption finger print information, Analysis air-conditioning aging performance and refrigeration etc., and can automatic identification air conditioner load, and other non-air conditioner loads are when using, Controller automatically cuts off power supply, forbids other non-air conditioner loads to use, and to the daily of air-conditioning, power information monthly can be generated Corresponding freezing data;
Temperature and humidity sensing, is provided with Temperature Humidity Sensor, can adjust to regulate and control the temperature of air-conditioning by temperature sensing, accomplishes The waste of the energy is reduced on the premise of not affecting comfort level, when environment temperature starts minimum temperature, then controller meeting less than setting Cut off the electricity supply, do not allow air-conditioning to use;During use, less than more than 2 DEG C of design temperature, controller can be with for environment temperature Air-conditioning is arranged into back default temperature or air-conditioning is closed;
Clock module, possesses clock timing function and power-off current supply circuit, and the accurate when walking of clock can be also ensured under power down mode Really, while during the school of the system of support, air conditioner power source need not be being automatically cut off with season of air-conditioning or period, needing to use Can be started with self-timing when air-conditioning, adjust, close air-conditioning;
Infrared remote control module, possesses omnipotent infrared remote coding, can be infrared distant by the various brand and model air-conditionings of infrared control Control can preferably adjust management air-conditioning, reduce manual site's straighforward operation;
Interlocking module, the controller can coordinate other sensors to be linked, and so as to more preferably do energy efficiency management, coordinate human body Sensing, accomplishes that people walks to be automatically switched off air-conditioning and uses, and is linked by door and window, turns on the aircondition and is automatically switched off door and window, so as to more intelligent Control air-conditioning, more preferably more reasonably utilize the energy;
Interface management, interface includes external three phase mains and air-conditioning three phase mains, and wherein air-conditioning three phase mains needs to wear to connect electric current Transformer, is easy to electric energy metrical to count;
Liquid crystal display, liquid crystal can clearly reflect current air-conditioner controller state, such as switch, expense, temperature information;And Possess bicolor backlight, a kind of color of normal condition, abnormal another kind of color of reporting to the police;
Core master control, using high-performance processor, manages then all of module, and integrated various software functions and algorithm.
After three-phase voltage current sampling of the electric energy metering module by transformer to three-phase air-conditioning, electric energy metrical is sent into Chip is processed, and is converted into data signal and is sent to CPU and calculated, and when air-conditioning is in electricity consumption, CPU is according to the number for collecting Word signal carries out the statistics of electricity, and the electricity type of support includes:Combination is active, positive active, reversely active, combination idle 1, Combine idle 2.
The controller, by the electrical network parameter information for learning each working condition of air-conditioning, is carried out during air-conditioning use Automatic identification air conditioner load, and forbid other non-air conditioner loads to use, the electrical network parameter of each working condition of air-conditioning includes:
1)Air-conditioner standby state:The air-conditioner standby power of different size model has certain difference, but generally less than 10w;It is same Power consumption is more stable during air-conditioner standby, and undulating value is less than 1w;
2)Indoor apparatus of air conditioner works, outdoor compressor off position:Same air-conditioning in this state, active power, current value, Fluctuate in a particular range, and it is unrelated with air-conditioning design temperature;The air-conditioning of different size model in this state, difference compared with Greatly;
3)Indoor apparatus of air conditioner works, and outdoor compressor working condition:Outdoor compressor is starting moment, there is an impact electricity Stream, this current value size is more than 2 times of this state steady-state value, and same air-conditioning is when outdoor compressor works, and active power is electric Flow valuve can fluctuate in particular range, unrelated with air-conditioning design temperature, but outdoor temp angle value has a certain impact to this fluctuation.
The step of infrared coding of the infrared remote control module, is as follows:
1)Controller arrives red according to the specific function button of following serial order learning air-conditioning remote controls by upper computer software storage In outer remote control module:Turn on the aircondition(16 degree), close air-conditioning(16 degree), 16 degree are opened, open 17 degree ... and open 30 degree;
2)Controller mid-infrared remote control module storage order opens 16 degree to turn on the aircondition, closing air-conditioning, opens 17 degree ... and opens 30 degree;
3)After storage success, when controller receives air conditioner operation order, the coded command of memory is read, further according to coding Mode gone out by infrared emission, so as to control air-conditioning;
The infrared remote control module infrared control includes:
Turn on the aircondition:The controller is connected to after instruction of turning on the aircondition, and transmitting ultra-red order to air-conditioning, adopt automatically by the delaying time of controller Collection bearing power data judge whether start is successful, and then feedback command sends mode of operation to background system, if boot failure Repeating transmission operation is carried out, 3 failures are retransmitted, operation failure is recorded;
Close air-conditioning:The controller is connected to after instruction of turning on the aircondition, and transmitting ultra-red order to air-conditioning, adopt automatically by the delaying time of controller Collection bearing power data judge whether start is successful, and then feedback command sends mode of operation to background system, if boot failure Repeating transmission operation is carried out, 3 failures are retransmitted, operation failure is recorded;
Adjust temperature:The controller is connected to after regulation temperature instruction, and transmitting ultra-red order sends to air-conditioning, then feedback command Mode of operation is to background system.
Controller is normally used by carrying out pre-payment management with energy unit price and with energy when remaining sum is sufficient, when When the remaining sum proximity sensing amount of money, the early warning that carries out that Sorry, your ticket has not enough value, when remaining sum is 0, tripping operation is prohibitted the use of;Wherein pre-payment pipe Reason includes:
Supplement with money:Supplement operation with money to be initiated by system end, system can send the charging information with key encryption, give by gateway passes The controller, controller carries out Decoding Analysis, draws correct charging information, carries out money charging, and record each time to supplement letter with money Cease to inquire about;
Deduct fees:The rate of deducting fees of air-conditioning is arranged by system, unit price is set to RMB/kWh;
Move back expense:Supplement with money mistake or other etc. reason, move back expense information can be initiated by system, the move back expense amount of money cannot be more than last One recharge amount, controller receives move back expense information and can be compared verification, then carries out the change of the amount of money, and answering system.
The method of administration of energy conservation includes:
Constant temperature:It is 26 DEG C that controller temperature is arranged using lower limit, after air-conditioning is opened, can automatically compare whether Current Temperatures reduce To 26 DEG C, if less than being equal to 26 DEG C, can automatically arrange air-conditioning and return 26 DEG C or close air-conditioning.
Regularly:Controller possesses clock timing function, and by clock period and permission that air-conditioning allows to use are controlled Certain moment automatic switching in period, it is allowed to period in setting 14 timing remote control air-conditioning tasks.
Quantitatively:Controller does quantitative management by using pre paid functionality, is periodically supplemented with money, and surplus then can make With no remaining sum can not be used.
The telecommunication is provided with several micro power radio modules, can be mutual between several micro power radio modules A network is constituted, step by step data transfer, most at last data lead to data acquisition unit, are eventually transferred into system;
Micro power radio module after the power-up, can and controller central processing unit communication, obtain controller ID addresses, and by this Used as the unique mark of communication, ID addresses are all unique unduplicated presence in system, collector for ID addresses;
The data of micro power radio module carry out transmission relaying signal by other controllers, and finally pass to collector end, in After selection be to be selected according to conditions such as adjacent signal strengths, be a dynamic ad-hoc network, when certain via node failure it is different Chang Shi, can safeguard automatically, select surroundings nodes, produce new relay route transmission data.
Micro power radio module has multiple working frequency range, can not have occupied channel from group selection or disturb most weak frequency Road, adjacent stations interval interacts minimum;
After possessing remote communicating function, system is capable of the use of remotely control controller, and remote parameter is issued, remote status detection Etc.;
Micro power radio module networking flow process is as follows:
Term and definition:
Child node:Micro power radio module;
Host node:Gateway or collector
1)Use child node address(EUI)Application networks;2)Host node receives child node application networking request MSG, has looked for whether Space preserves child node information, has, and issues MSG_SINK_READY;3)Child node receives the MSG_SINK_ that host node is issued READY, by network identification TRUE is set to, if having read controller address, uploads controller address to host node;4)Son Node broadcasts send data, when host node receives the data, if heartbeat packet timing is more than 20, are set to make up one's mind after 20 i.e. 5s Jump bag;5)Child node receives the MSG_SINK_ADVERTISE heartbeat packets that host node is issued, and random delay 1-5s wait-for-responses ring The heartbeat packet answered includes controller address;
6)Host node receives the heartbeat packet of child node response, if archive management mode is archives verification, checks child node , if the not archives of the child node in archives, long-range logout child node, otherwise there are the archives of child node address, refreshes son Node timing;7)If child node receives the long-range logout of host node, the PanId of correspondence host node is preserved, so as to next time not Carry out application networking, and module logout.
Overall flow figure of the present invention is as shown in Figure 2:
1)Initialization, the reset initialization of controller includes data initialization and interface initialization, mainly includes liquid crystal registration According to, the initialization of variable data, PORT COM, metering module, clock unit and storage chip;
2)Energy consumption statistic includes metering and data-frozen, calculates power consumption data, such as power, voltage, electric current and power factor (PF) Deng electrical network parameter data, wherein data-frozen is to store nearest hour, day, the electricity consumption data of the moon;
3)Communication processing, uplink communication is the operation for wirelessly responding background commands;Infrared remote control, response backstage is to sky The switching on and shutting down of tune, temperature adjustment operation etc.;
4)Regulation and control:Timing regulates and controls, according to the calendar of setting, the control of timing(Switch)Air-conditioning;Take control/amount control, according to Power consumption, carries out deducting fees for the amount of money, and air-conditioning is prohibitted the use of after arrearage;Temperature control, according to the temperature adjustment strategy of user's setting, constantly control Air-conditioning, makes environment temperature maintain certain scope;Sensor links, humiture, metering, the real-time sampling of the sensor such as people's sense Data;
5)Power down:Whether controller shutdown transient, self-inspection, each hardware module of automatic detection is normal;Backup, the handy electricity of storage backup The significant data such as amount and the amount of money;
6)From upgrading:By background system, can remote upgrade director demon version;
Present invention band electric energy metrical, can statistical analysis air conditioning energy consumption, state, and can do different anti-according to different information Feedback;Possess teletransmission communication, possess ad hoc network, ensure that gateway interior nodes can interconnect;Band energy-conservation Managed Solution, Energy Saving Strategy can be implemented;Can use with multiple sensors and remote control linkage.
It should be appreciated that for those of ordinary skills, can according to the above description be improved or be converted, And all these modifications and variations should all belong to the protection domain of claims of the present invention.
Exemplary description is carried out to patent of the present invention above in conjunction with accompanying drawing, it is clear that the realization of patent of the present invention is not received The restriction of aforesaid way, if the various improvement that the method design of patent of the present invention and technical scheme are carried out are employed, or without The design of patent of the present invention and technical scheme are directly applied to other occasions by improvement, within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. it is a kind of based on the control of three-phase air conditioner intelligent and the controller of administration of energy conservation, it is characterised in that including core master control, remote Journey communication, energy consumption statistic, temperature and humidity sensing, clock module, infrared remote control module, interlocking module, interface management and liquid crystal display, The core master control respectively with the telecommunication, energy consumption statistic, the temperature and humidity sensing, the clock module, described Infrared remote control module, the interlocking module, the interface management and liquid crystal display connection;
Telecommunication, possesses high speed wireless communication and the wired two kinds of communication modes of RS485, by connect data acquisition gateway with it is rear Bench control system is docked, and wherein wireless telecommunications possess MANET function, i.e., can relay mutually between multiple points, route each other, One data acquisition gateway can simultaneously connect multiple terminals, and the selection in path is to combine signal quality and link cost, is selected It is preferred that take, so as to ensure the stability of communication transfer;
Energy consumption statistic, by electric energy metering module the electric energy service condition of air conditioner load is accurately controlled, and according to watt level Judge air-conditioning state, such as start, shutdown, standby;By electric energy metering module according to electricity consumption finger print information, the aging shape of analysis air-conditioning Condition and refrigeration, carry out automatic identification air conditioner load, and other non-air conditioner loads, when using, the controller automatically cuts off electricity Source, forbids other non-air conditioner loads to use, the power information daily, monthly to air-conditioning, can generate corresponding freezing data;
Temperature and humidity sensing, is provided with Temperature Humidity Sensor, carries out the temperature of air-conditioning by the Temperature Humidity Sensor, accomplishes The waste of the energy is reduced on the premise of not affecting comfort level, when environment temperature starts minimum temperature, the then control less than setting Device can cut off the electricity supply, and not allow air-conditioning to use;During use, environment temperature is less than more than 2 DEG C of design temperature, the control Air-conditioning is arranged back default temperature or closes air-conditioning by device processed;
Clock module, the punctual timing of clock is ensured by clock timing and power-off current supply circuit, while entering under power down mode During the school of row system, air conditioner power source need not be being automatically cut off, when needing to use air-conditioning with the season of air-conditioning or period Can be started with self-timing, adjust, close air-conditioning;
Infrared remote control module, possesses omnipotent infrared remote coding, and the infrared remote control module can pass through the various product of infrared control Board model air-conditioning, infrared remote control can preferably adjust management air-conditioning, reduce manual site's straighforward operation;
Interlocking module, the controller is linked by sensor, so as to more preferably do energy efficiency management, coordinates human body sensing, is done Walk to be automatically switched off air-conditioning to people and use, linked by door and window, turn on the aircondition and be automatically switched off door and window, so as to more intelligentized control is empty Adjust, more preferably more reasonably utilize the energy;
Interface management, interface includes external three phase mains and air-conditioning three phase mains, and wherein air-conditioning three phase mains needs to wear to connect electric current Transformer, is easy to electric energy metrical to count;
Liquid crystal display, liquid crystal can clearly reflect the state of the controller, such as switch, expense, temperature information, and have Standby bicolor backlight, a kind of color of normal condition, abnormal another kind of color of reporting to the police;
Core master control, using high-performance processor, manages then all of module, and integrated various software functions and algorithm.
2. according to claim 1 based on the control of three-phase air conditioner intelligent and the controller of administration of energy conservation, it is characterised in that After three-phase voltage current sampling of the electric energy metering module by transformer to three-phase air-conditioning, sending into electric energy computation chip is carried out Process, and be converted into data signal and be sent to CPU and calculated, when air-conditioning is in electricity consumption, CPU enters according to the data signal for collecting The statistics of row electricity, the electricity type of support includes:Combination is active, positive active, and reversely active, combination idle 1 is combined idle 2。
3. according to claim 1 based on the control of three-phase air conditioner intelligent and the controller of administration of energy conservation, it is characterised in that The controller carries out automatic identification air conditioner load by learning the electrical network parameter information of each working condition of air-conditioning, and forbids it He is non-, and air conditioner load is used, and the electrical network parameter information of each working condition of the air-conditioning includes:
1)Air-conditioner standby state:The air-conditioner standby power of different size model has certain difference, but generally less than 10w;It is same Power consumption is more stable during air-conditioner standby, and undulating value is less than 1w;
2)Indoor apparatus of air conditioner works, outdoor compressor off position:Same air-conditioning in this state, active power, current value, Fluctuate in a particular range, and it is unrelated with air-conditioning design temperature;The air-conditioning of different size model in this state, difference compared with Greatly;
3)Indoor apparatus of air conditioner works, and outdoor compressor working condition:Outdoor compressor is starting moment, there is an impact electricity Stream, this current value size is more than 2 times of this state steady-state value, and same air-conditioning is when outdoor compressor works, and active power is electric Flow valuve can fluctuate in particular range, unrelated with air-conditioning design temperature, but outdoor temp angle value has a certain impact to this fluctuation.
4. according to claim 1 based on the control of three-phase air conditioner intelligent and the controller of administration of energy conservation, it is characterised in that The step of infrared coding of the infrared remote control module, is as follows:
1)Controller arrives red according to the specific function button of following serial order learning air-conditioning remote controls by upper computer software storage In outer remote control module:Turn on the aircondition(16 degree), close air-conditioning(16 degree), 16 degree are opened, open 17 degree ... and open 30 degree;
2)Controller mid-infrared remote control module storage order opens 16 degree to turn on the aircondition, closing air-conditioning, opens 17 degree ... and opens 30 degree;
3)After storage success, when controller receives air conditioner operation order, the coded command of memory is read, further according to coding Mode gone out by infrared emission, so as to control air-conditioning.
5. according to claim 4 based on the control of three-phase air conditioner intelligent and the controller of administration of energy conservation, it is characterised in that The infrared control of the infrared remote control module includes:
Turn on the aircondition:Controller is connected to after instruction of turning on the aircondition, and transmitting ultra-red order is to air-conditioning, delaying time of controller automatic data collection load work( Rate data judge whether start is successful, and then feedback command sends mode of operation to background system, if boot failure is retransmitted Operation, retransmits 3 failures, records operation failure;
Close air-conditioning:Controller is connected to after instruction of turning on the aircondition, and transmitting ultra-red order is to air-conditioning, delaying time of controller automatic data collection load work( Rate data judge whether start is successful, and then feedback command sends mode of operation to background system, if boot failure is retransmitted Operation, retransmits 3 failures, records operation failure;
Adjust temperature:Controller is connected to after regulation temperature instruction, and transmitting ultra-red order sends operation to air-conditioning, then feedback command State is to background system.
6. according to claim 1 based on the control of three-phase air conditioner intelligent and the controller of administration of energy conservation, it is characterised in that The controller is normally used by carrying out pre-payment management with energy unit price and with energy when remaining sum is sufficient, works as remaining sum When the proximity sensing amount of money, the early warning that carries out that Sorry, your ticket has not enough value, when remaining sum is 0, tripping operation is prohibitted the use of.
7. according to claim 6 based on the control of three-phase air conditioner intelligent and the controller of administration of energy conservation, it is characterised in that The pre-payment management includes:
Supplement with money:Supplement operation with money to be initiated by system end, system can send the charging information with key encryption, give by gateway passes Three-phase air-conditioner controller, controller carries out Decoding Analysis, draws correct charging information, carries out money charging, and record each time filling Value information is to inquire about;
Deduct fees:The rate of deducting fees of air-conditioning is arranged by system, unit price is set to RMB/kWh;
Move back expense:Supplement with money mistake or other etc. reason, move back expense information can be initiated by system, the move back expense amount of money cannot be more than last One recharge amount, controller receives move back expense information and can be compared verification, then carries out the change of the amount of money, and answering system.
8. according to claim 1 based on the control of three-phase air conditioner intelligent and the controller of administration of energy conservation, it is characterised in that The administration of energy conservation of the controller includes:
Constant temperature:It is 26 DEG C that controller temperature is arranged using lower limit, after air-conditioning is opened, can automatically compare whether Current Temperatures reduce To 26 DEG C, if less than being equal to 26 DEG C, can automatically arrange air-conditioning and return 26 DEG C or close air-conditioning;
Regularly:Air-conditioner controller possesses clock timing function, and by clock period and permission that air-conditioning allows to use are controlled Certain moment automatic switching in period, it is allowed to period in setting 14 timing remote control air-conditioning tasks;
Quantitatively:Air-conditioner controller does quantitative management by using pre paid functionality, is periodically supplemented with money, and surplus then can make With no remaining sum can not be used.
9. according to claim 1 based on the control of three-phase air conditioner intelligent and the controller of administration of energy conservation, it is characterised in that The controller is provided with several micro power radio modules, being capable of mutually phase composition one between several described micro power radio modules Individual network, data transfer step by step, most at last data lead to data acquisition unit, are eventually transferred into system;
The micro power radio module after the power-up, with controller central processing unit communication, obtains the ID addresses of controller, and will Used as the unique mark of communication, ID addresses are all unique unduplicated presence in system, collector for this ID address;
The data of the micro power radio module carry out transmission relaying signal by other controllers, and finally pass to collector End, the selection of relaying is selected according to conditions such as adjacent signal strengths, when certain via node failure exception, can be tieed up automatically Shield, selects surroundings nodes, produces new relay route transmission data;
The micro power radio module is provided with multiple working frequency range, can independently select do not have occupied channel or the most weak frequency of interference Road.
10. according to claim 1 based on the control of three-phase air conditioner intelligent and the controller of administration of energy conservation, its feature exists It is child node in, micro power radio module, gateway or collector are host node, the networking flow process bag of the micro power radio module Include:
1)Use child node address(EUI)Application networks;2)Host node receives child node application networking request MSG, has looked for whether Space preserves child node information, has, and issues MSG_SINK_READY;3)Child node receives the MSG_SINK_ that host node is issued READY, by network identification TRUE is set to, if having read controller address, uploads controller address to host node;4)Son Node broadcasts send data, when host node receives the data, if heartbeat packet timing is more than 20, are set to make up one's mind after 20 i.e. 5s Jump bag;5)Child node receives the MSG_SINK_ADVERTISE heartbeat packets that host node is issued, and random delay 1-5s wait-for-responses ring The heartbeat packet answered includes controller address;
6)Host node receives the heartbeat packet of child node response, if archive management mode is archives verification, checks child node , if the not archives of the child node in archives, long-range logout child node, otherwise there are the archives of child node address, refreshes son Node timing;7)If child node receives the long-range logout of host node, the PanId of correspondence host node is preserved, so as to next time not Carry out application networking, and module logout.
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