CN106639731A - Electrodynamic type skylight - Google Patents

Electrodynamic type skylight Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106639731A
CN106639731A CN201611113785.9A CN201611113785A CN106639731A CN 106639731 A CN106639731 A CN 106639731A CN 201611113785 A CN201611113785 A CN 201611113785A CN 106639731 A CN106639731 A CN 106639731A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
skylight
drive division
sash
threaded rod
window frame
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201611113785.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106639731B (en
Inventor
杨虎
杨建生
马鹤通
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chengdu Longgui Blackstone Technology Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
Chengdu Weidi Zhichuang Doors And Windows Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Chengdu Weidi Zhichuang Doors And Windows Co Ltd filed Critical Chengdu Weidi Zhichuang Doors And Windows Co Ltd
Priority to CN201611113785.9A priority Critical patent/CN106639731B/en
Publication of CN106639731A publication Critical patent/CN106639731A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106639731B publication Critical patent/CN106639731B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • E05F15/60Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators
    • E05F15/603Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • E05F15/70Power-operated mechanisms for wings with automatic actuation
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • E05F15/70Power-operated mechanisms for wings with automatic actuation
    • E05F15/71Power-operated mechanisms for wings with automatic actuation responsive to temperature changes, rain, wind or noise
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • E05F15/70Power-operated mechanisms for wings with automatic actuation
    • E05F15/72Power-operated mechanisms for wings with automatic actuation responsive to emergency conditions, e.g. fire
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • E05F15/70Power-operated mechanisms for wings with automatic actuation
    • E05F15/77Power-operated mechanisms for wings with automatic actuation using wireless control
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/32Arrangements of wings characterised by the manner of movement; Arrangements of movable wings in openings; Features of wings or frames relating solely to the manner of movement of the wing
    • E06B3/50Arrangements of wings characterised by the manner of movement; Arrangements of movable wings in openings; Features of wings or frames relating solely to the manner of movement of the wing with more than one kind of movement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/13Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/148Windows
    • E05Y2900/152Roof windows
    • E05Y2900/154Skylights
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/50Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles
    • E05Y2900/53Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/55Windows

Abstract

The invention discloses an electrodynamic skylight. The skylight comprises a window frame, a window sash, and driving parts which are used for driving the window sash to open and close, wherein the number of the driving parts is no less than one, each of the driving parts comprises a motor, a threaded rod, sliding blocks, brace rods and connecting bases, the motor is fixed on the window frame, one end of the threaded rod is connected with the motor, and the rotation directions of the threads at the two ends of the threaded rod are opposite; the number of the sliding blocks is two, and the two sliding blocks are in threaded connection with the different ends of the threaded rod respectively; the number of the brace rods is two, one end of each of the brace rods is connected to a different sliding block through a pin, and the angles formed between each of the brace rods and the threaded rod are equal; the other end of each of the brace rods is connected to the corresponding connecting bases in a hinged mode, and the connecting bases are fixed on the window sash; each of the connecting bases is provided with a hinge base, and the window sash can rotate relative to the hinge bases. The skylight structure has various opening modes; meanwhile, the structure of the driving part is simple, and the opening state of the window sashes can be well maintained.

Description

A kind of electrodynamic type skylight
Technical field
The present invention relates to door and window structure technical field, more particularly to a kind of electrodynamic type skylight.
Background technology
Door and window provides the work(such as daylighting, ventilation, isolation as the important component part of building for Indoor environment space Energy.In prior art, door and window includes sash and bar, and sash is fixed on the body of wall of building, sash and door and window Fan is articulated and connected by jointed shaft, during the bar is rotated around jointed shaft axis, realizes the switch of door and window.
The opening ways of existing door and window structure include two kinds:Above jointed shaft is arranged at the side of door and window structure, so may be used Realize being opened flat for door and window;Above jointed shaft is arranged at door and window structure top surface, is so capable of achieving the outer outstanding of door and window structure and opens.Skylight is special Finger is opened in roof or equipment top for ventilation or the window of printing opacity, is usually used in building, automobile bodies, subway carriage, train On compartment, skylight opening ways of the prior art are single, while the driving mechanism structure for driving skylight to be opened and closed is complicated, it is existing Some skylight structures await further optimization.
The content of the invention
It is single for skylight opening ways of the prior art set forth above, while for the driving for driving skylight to be opened and closed Mechanism structure is complicated, and the structure in skylight awaits the problem of further optimization, the invention provides a kind of electrodynamic type skylight.This day Window construction has various different open modes, while driving part structure is simple, sash opening holding capacity is good.
A kind of electrodynamic type skylight that the present invention is provided is by following technical essential come solve problem:A kind of electrodynamic type skylight, Drive division including window frame, sash and for driving sash open and close, the drive division more than one;
The drive division includes motor, threaded rod, slide block, strut and connecting seat, and the motor is fixed on window frame, screw thread One end of bar and motor connection, and the thread rotary orientation at threaded rod two ends is contrary;
The slide block is two pieces, and two pieces of slide blocks are threadedly coupled respectively from the different ends of threaded rod;
The strut is two, and one end of each strut is articulated and connected respectively by pin from different slide blocks, and two supports Bar is equal with the angle of threaded rod respectively;
The other end of each strut is articulated and connected with connecting seat, and connecting seat is fixed on sash;
Hinged seat is provided with each connecting seat, the sash can be rotated relative to the hinged seat.
Specifically, above drive division is the driver part of sash opening and closing, in this case, drive division is set to include electricity Machine, threaded rod, slide block, strut and connecting seat, meanwhile, the thread rotary orientation at threaded rod two ends conversely, so, in Motor drive screw thread During bar is rotated, be connected with sash due to connecting seat, strut and connecting seat connects, connecting seat and slide block connect, slide block is received The constraint of strut, two pieces of slide blocks are different according to the rotation direction of motor on the threaded rod under the driving of screw thread, two pieces of slide blocks be only capable of along Do move toward one another or motion of supporting or opposing in the axis direction of threaded rod, now, between strut and threaded rod angle it is synchronous change it is same When, connecting seat, to a lateral movement of threaded rod or to the lateral movement away from threaded rod, realizes that sash is opened in the presence of strut Open the regulation of state.In the drive division that above structure is provided, because the position of connecting seat is constrained by two struts, therefore this structure Power sunroof of the prior art is different from, driver part structure is more simple, while when motor quits work, sash is opened The holding performance of state is more preferable.
Further, because this case includes more than one drive division, hinged seat, the window are provided with each connecting seat Fan can rotate relative to the hinged seat, so, part drive division work when, these drive divisions can lifting or decline sash certain One is unilateral, and the hinged seat on another part drive division may act as run-on point when sash one side lifts, so, so that it may so that this Skylight has various different open modes.Four drive divisions are such as set, and first drive division is arranged on the front end on the left of skylight, Rear end of second drive division on the left of skylight, front end of the 3rd drive division on the right side of skylight, the 4th driving Portion is arranged on the rear end on the right side of skylight:When first drive division and second drive division motor work, the 3rd drive division and the Four drive divisions as its rotation the strong point, be capable of achieving skylight on the left of keying, first drive division with the 3rd drive When portion's motor works, second drive division and the 4th drive division are capable of achieving on front side of skylight as the strong point of its rotation When keying, the 3rd drive division and the 4th drive division motor work, first drive division and second drive division are used as sash The strong point of rotation, when the keying, second drive division and the 4th drive division motor on the right side of achievable skylight works, first Drive division and the 3rd drive division are capable of achieving keying, four drive divisions on rear side of skylight simultaneously as the strong point of its rotation During work, being opened flat or flat pass for skylight is capable of achieving.
To enable sash to open by a relatively large margin in unilateral unlatching, strut can be set to be rods, that is, be supportted It is flexible during bar stress, such as using helical spring or spring steel plate as strut;May be alternatively provided as the stent of motor and window frame Formula is that the quantity stopper slot equal with number of motors is arranged on window frame, during motor to be placed in respectively a stopper slot, in portion When dividing the motor of drive division to work, slide to reach increase sash one side unlatching amplitude in stopper slot by part motor Purpose;In the same manner, the fixed model of connecting seat and sash also may be configured as the fixed model of motor and window frame, you can under sash Side arranges the quantity stopper slot equal with connecting seat quantity, and connecting seat is respectively implanted in a stopper slot, the drive division in part When motor works, part connecting seat slides to reach the purpose of increase sash one side unlatching amplitude in correspondence stopper slot;As Those skilled in the art, for achieving the above object, also may be configured as sash and are connected using hinge assembly with connecting seat, the conjunction Page component includes two connected hinges, and the axis direction of one of hinge rotating shaft is located at the length direction of sash, another The axis direction of hinge rotating shaft is located at the width of sash;It is real in each drive division in this case as those skilled in the art Include at least two pin joints on border, when such as hinged seat is hinged using flexural pivot, for achieving the above object, each articulated section In, may be configured as one of pin joint not only can rotate, and can also take place along the slip of sash length direction, another Pin joint not only can rotate, and can also take place along the slip of sash width, when being such as hinged using hole and axle, axle be set Be set to major axis, i.e. hole not only can relatively rotate with axle, while hole can slide along the axis direction of major axis.
Further technical scheme is:
Used as the form that implements of hinged seat, the hinged seat is universal joint or flexural pivot.Above hinged seat In two kinds of ways of realization, it is capable of achieving sash and rotates to different directions by run-on point of hinged seat, so that the sash in this case With various open modes.
Form is implemented as one kind of skylight structure, the window frame rectangular frame-shaped, the sash is rectangular, described The quantity of drive division is four, and four drive divisions are respectively arranged at four corners of skylight structure;
The axis direction of threaded rod parallel to window frame length sides or width edge, in each drive division, for realize strut with The axis of the pin that slide block is articulated and connected is vertical with the axis of threaded rod in the drive division;
The universal joint includes two jointed shafts, wherein length of the axis direction of a jointed shaft parallel to skylight structure Degree direction, the width of the axis direction of another jointed shaft parallel to skylight structure.In this way of realization, this day can be caused Window construction has following open mode:Left side is opened, right side opening, front side is opened, pattern is opened and be opened flat to rear side.
Further, because the reach of threaded rod is to restrict the key factor that amplitude is opened in skylight, as one kind just In drive division is arranged to into concealed, i.e., in the case where sash unlatching amplitude is larger, the cumulative volume of this skylight structure can be reduced And the design of this skylight structure cosmetic look is lifted, the window frame is rectangle frame-shaped, and the sash is rectangle, each to drive The motor in portion is both secured in the length sides of window frame, and the axis direction of threaded rod is parallel with the length direction of window frame, is used for The axis for realizing the pin that strut is articulated and connected with slide block is located at the width of window frame.
The stress of each pin joint in optimize drive division, the drive division also includes slide, and the slide is fixed on window frame On, the length direction chute parallel with threaded rod axis direction is provided with the slide, each slide block is equal near one end of window frame In embedded chute.
For ease of realizing the remotely control of this skylight structure opening, also include the control for controlling each motor work Module, the control module is used to control to be additionally provided with the start and stop of motor and rotation direction, and control module on each drive division respectively Control signal reception device, the control signal reception device is included in wireless signal receiver, wired serial communication modular One or more.Above wireless signal receiver can adopt Bluetooth signal reception device, infrared signal receiving apparatus, WIFI Signal receiving device etc., to carry out remote wireless control to skylight by remote control, mobile phone and other wireless devices, using this It is widely used in the mode of operation prior art of scheme controlled motor, such as Motor drive spiral is passed through by wireless signal control The unmanned plane that oar is rotated;Above wired serial communication modular can adopt RS485 interface modules, RS232 interface modules etc., so that In this skylight structure the unlatching of sash can by there is line traffic control, using in the mode of operation prior art of this programme controlled motor It is widely used, such as the wired controlled motor work of widely used employing PLC industrial computers in prior art.
To enable this skylight structure monitoring of environmental to change to obtain optimal open mode, also including being fixed on window frame Or the sensor on sash, the sensor include following type sensor in one or more:Rain sensor, wind direction are passed Sensor, firedamp sensor, PM2.5 sensors, light intensity sensor.
Above rain sensor can be used to sense outdoor rainfall, to realize automatically controlling the state in skylight;
Above wind transducer can be used to recognize wind direction, to realize automatically controlling skylight condition;
Above firedamp sensor can be used to sense indoor harmful gas, to realize automatically controlling skylight condition;
Above PM2.5 sensor can be used for nernst cell PM2.5 numerical value, to realize automatically controlling skylight condition;
Above light intensity sensor can be used for sensing outdoor, the power of indoor light, to arrange fenestrate as this skylight structure During curtain, the state of automatic control curtain or the lighting condition of change indoor lamp are realized.
As a kind of with good heat-insulated, sound insulation function sash way of realization, the sash includes windowsill in the shape of a frame And the glass being embedded in windowsill, the connecting seat of each drive division is both secured on windowsill, and the glass is double glazing.
As a kind of way of realization of scalable indoor illumination intensity, in the hollow layer of the glass curtain is also equipped with. Specifically, above double glazing includes two pieces of glass monolithics, and intermediate layer is the gap between two pieces of glass monolithics, the curtain Various ways is may be configured as, blind, roller shutter is such as adopted, preferably the drive pattern of curtain electrodynamic type is set to into, to coordinate Light intensity sensor, realization is compareed and automatically adjusted into indoor light intensity.
As one kind in the case of extraneous illumination deficiency, the implementation with light filling function is described also including light bar Light bar is fixed on window frame on indoor side.This programme is not only capable of achieving to carry out artificially feed to interior, while being beneficial to day The aesthetic property of window construction.
The invention has the advantages that:
Drive division in this programme is the driver part of sash opening and closing, by drive division be set to include motor, threaded rod, Slide block, strut and connecting seat, meanwhile, the thread rotary orientation at threaded rod two ends conversely, so, in the mistake that motor driven threaded rod is rotated Cheng Zhong, is connected due to connecting seat, strut and connecting seat connection, connecting seat and slide block connection with sash, and slide block is constrained by strut, On the threaded rod under the driving of screw thread, different according to the rotation direction of motor, two pieces of slide blocks are only capable of along in threaded rod two pieces of slide blocks Axis direction does move toward one another or motion of supporting or opposing, now, between strut and threaded rod angle it is synchronous change while, connecting seat exists To a lateral movement of threaded rod or to the lateral movement away from threaded rod in the presence of strut, the tune of sash opening is realized Section.Above structure provide drive division in, because the position of connecting seat is constrained by two struts, thus this structure be different from it is existing Power sunroof in technology, driver part structure is more simple, while when motor quits work, the holding of sash opening Performance is more preferable.
Because this case includes more than one drive division, hinged seat is provided with each connecting seat, the sash can be relative In the hinged seat rotate, so, part drive division work when, these drive divisions can lifting or decline sash a certain one side, And the hinged seat on another part drive division may act as run-on point when sash one side lifts, so, so that it may so that this skylight tool There are various different open modes.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of birds-eye perspective of one specific embodiment in electrodynamic type skylight of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of side view of one specific embodiment in electrodynamic type skylight of the present invention.
Numbering in figure is followed successively by:1st, window frame, 2, sash, 3, drive division, 31, motor, 32, shaft coupling, 33, threaded rod, 34th, slide, 35, slide block, 36, strut, 37, connecting seat.
Specific embodiment
With reference to embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, but the structure of the present invention be not limited only to it is following Embodiment.
Embodiment 1:
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of electrodynamic type skylight, including window frame 1, sash 2 and the drive for driving the open and close of sash 2 Dynamic portion 3, the more than one of the drive division 3;
The drive division 3 includes motor 31, threaded rod 33, slide block 35, strut 36 and connecting seat 37, and the motor 31 is fixed On window frame 1, one end of threaded rod 33 is connected with motor 31, and the thread rotary orientation at the two ends of threaded rod 33 is contrary;
The slide block 35 is two pieces, and two pieces of slide blocks 35 are threadedly coupled respectively from the different ends of threaded rod 33;
The strut 36 is two, and one end of each strut 36 is articulated and connected respectively by pin from different slide blocks 35, and Two struts 36 are equal with the angle of threaded rod 33 respectively;
The other end of each strut 36 is articulated and connected with connecting seat 37, and connecting seat 37 is fixed on sash 2;
Hinged seat is provided with each connecting seat 37, the sash 2 can be rotated relative to the hinged seat.
Specifically, above drive division 3 is the drive division 3 of the opening and closing of sash 2, in this case, drive division 3 is set to include Motor 31, threaded rod 33, slide block 35, strut 36 and connecting seat 37, meanwhile, the thread rotary orientation at the two ends of threaded rod 33 conversely, so, During motor 31 drives threaded rod 33 to rotate, it is connected with sash 2 due to connecting seat 37, strut 36 connects with connecting seat 37 Connect, connecting seat 37 is connected with slide block 35, slide block 35 is constrained by strut 36, the driving of two pieces of screw threads on threaded rod 33 of slide block 35 Under, it is different according to the rotation direction of motor 31, two pieces of slide blocks 35 be only capable of along the axis direction in threaded rod 33 do move toward one another or to Unlucky dynamic, now, angle is synchronous between strut 36 and threaded rod 33 while change, connecting seat 37 in the presence of strut 36 to One lateral movement of threaded rod 33 or to the lateral movement away from threaded rod 33, realizes the regulation of the opening of sash 2.Above structure In the drive division 3 of offer, because the position of connecting seat 37 is constrained by two struts 36, therefore this structure is different from prior art Power sunroof, 3 structures of drive division are more simple, while when motor 31 quits work, the retentivity of the opening of sash 2 Can be more preferably.
Further, because this case includes more than one drive division 3, hinged seat, institute are provided with each connecting seat 37 Stating sash 2 can rotate relative to the hinged seat, and so, when part drive division 3 works, these drive divisions 3 can lifting or decline The a certain one side of sash 2, and the hinged seat on another part drive division 3 may act as the run-on point when one side of sash 2 lifts, this Sample, so that it may so that this skylight has various different open modes.Four drive divisions 3 are such as set, and first drive division 3 is arranged on Front end on the left of skylight, rear end of second drive division 3 on the left of skylight, the 3rd drive division 3 is arranged on skylight right side Front end, the 4th drive division 3 be arranged on the rear end on the right side of skylight:First drive division 3 and second work of 3 motor of drive division 31 When making, the strong point that the 3rd drive division 3 and the 4th drive division 3 are rotated as sash 2, be capable of achieving skylight on the left of keying, When first drive division 3 and the 3rd 3 motor of drive division 31 work, second drive division 3 and the 4th drive division 3 are used as sash 2 strong points for rotating, when the keying, the 3rd drive division 3 and the 4th 3 motor of drive division 31 on front side of achievable skylight works, The strong point that first drive division 3 and second drive division 3 are rotated as sash 2, be capable of achieving skylight on the right side of keying, second When drive division 3 and the 4th 3 motor of drive division 31 work, first drive division 3 is rotated with the 3rd drive division 3 as sash 2 The strong point, when being capable of achieving the keying on rear side of skylight, four drive divisions 3 and working simultaneously, be capable of achieving being opened flat or flat closing for skylight.
To enable sash 2 to open by a relatively large margin in unilateral unlatching, strut 36 can be set to be rods, i.e., It is flexible during 36 stress of strut, such as using helical spring or spring steel plate as strut 36;May be alternatively provided as motor 31 and window frame 1 Fixed model be that the quantity stopper slot equal with the quantity of motor 31 is set on window frame 1, motor 31 is placed in into respectively one In stopper slot, when in part, the motor 31 of drive division 3 works, slide to reach increase in stopper slot by part motor 31 The purpose of the unilateral unlatching amplitude of sash 2;In the same manner, connecting seat 37 also may be configured as motor 31 and window frame 1 with the fixed model of sash 2 Fixed model, you can the quantity stopper slot equal with the quantity of connecting seat 37 is set in the downside of sash 2, connecting seat 37 is put respectively In entering a stopper slot, when in part, the motor 31 of drive division 3 works, part connecting seat 37 slides to reach in correspondence stopper slot To the purpose of the unilateral unlatching amplitude of increase sash 2;As those skilled in the art, for achieving the above object, window is also may be configured as Fan 2 is connected with connecting seat 37 using hinge assembly, and the hinge assembly includes two connected hinges, and one of hinge turns The axis direction of axle is located at the length direction of sash 2, and the axis direction of another hinge rotating shaft is located at the width of sash 2; As those skilled in the art, actually include at least two pin joints in this case in each drive division 3, such as hinged seat adopts ball When articulated joint is hinged, for achieving the above object, in each articulated section, may be configured as one of pin joint not only can occur to turn It is dynamic, the slip of the length direction of sash 2 can be also taken place along, another pin joint not only can rotate, and can also take place along window The slip of 2 widths is fanned, when being such as hinged using hole and axle, axle is set to into major axis, i.e. hole can not only occur relative turning with axle It is dynamic, while hole can slide along the axis direction of major axis.
It is to enable motor 31 preferably to drive threaded rod 33 to rotate in the present embodiment, the rotor of the motor 31 leads to Cross shaft coupling 32 to be connected with threaded rod 33, and the shaft coupling 32 is Hooks coupling universal coupling.
Embodiment 2:
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the present embodiment is further qualified on the basis of embodiment 1:As the concrete of hinged seat Way of realization, the hinged seat is universal joint or flexural pivot.In two kinds of ways of realization of above hinged seat, sash is capable of achieving 2 rotate by run-on point of hinged seat to different directions, so that the sash 2 in this case has various open modes.
Form is implemented as one kind of skylight structure, the rectangular frame-shaped of the window frame 1, the sash 2 is rectangular, institute The quantity for stating drive division 3 is four, and four drive divisions 3 are respectively arranged at four corners of skylight structure;
The axis direction of threaded rod 33 in each drive division 3, is supportted parallel to the length sides or width edge of window frame 1 for realization Bar 36 is vertical with the axis of threaded rod 33 in the drive division 3 with the axis of the pin that slide block 35 is articulated and connected;
The universal joint includes two jointed shafts, wherein length of the axis direction of a jointed shaft parallel to skylight structure Degree direction, the width of the axis direction of another jointed shaft parallel to skylight structure.In this way of realization, this day can be caused Window construction has following open mode:Left side is opened, right side opening, front side is opened, pattern is opened and be opened flat to rear side.
Further, because the reach of threaded rod 33 is to restrict the key factor that amplitude is opened in skylight, as one kind It is easy to for drive division 3 to be arranged to concealed, i.e., in the case where the unlatching of sash 2 amplitude is larger, the total of this skylight structure can be reduced Volume and the design of this skylight structure cosmetic look is lifted, the window frame 1 is rectangle frame-shaped, and the sash 2 is rectangle, The motor 31 of each drive division 3 is both secured in the length sides of window frame 1, and the axis direction of threaded rod 33 with the length of window frame 1 Direction is parallel, for realizing that the axis of the pin that strut 36 and slide block 35 are articulated and connected is located at the width of window frame 1.
The stress of each pin joint in optimize drive division 3, the drive division 3 also includes slide 34, and the slide 34 is fixed On window frame 1, the length direction chute parallel with the axis direction of threaded rod 33 is provided with the slide 34, each slide block 35 is close One end of window frame 1 is embedded in chute.
For ease of realizing the remotely control of this skylight structure opening, also include the control for controlling the work of each motor 31 Molding block, the control module is used to control also to be set in the start and stop of motor 31 and rotation direction, and control module on each drive division 3 respectively Control signal reception device is equipped with, the control signal reception device includes wireless signal receiver, wired serial communication mould One or more in block.Above wireless signal receiver can using Bluetooth signal reception device, infrared signal receiving apparatus, WIFI signal reception device etc., to carry out remote wireless control to skylight by remote control, mobile phone and other wireless devices, adopts With widely used in the mode of operation prior art of this programme controlled motor 31, such as driven by motor by wireless signal control The unmanned plane of dynamic propeller rotational;Above wired serial communication modular can adopt RS485 interface modules, RS232 interface modules etc., So that the unlatching of sash 2 can be by there is line traffic control in this skylight structure, the mode of operation using this programme controlled motor is existing It is widely used in technology, such as the wired controlled motor work of widely used employing PLC industrial computers in prior art.
To enable this skylight structure monitoring of environmental to change to obtain optimal open mode, also including being fixed on window frame 1 or sash 2 on sensor, the sensor include following type sensor in one or more:Rain sensor, wind direction Sensor, firedamp sensor, PM2.5 sensors, light intensity sensor.
Above rain sensor can be used to sense outdoor rainfall, to realize automatically controlling the state in skylight;
Above wind transducer can be used to recognize wind direction, to realize automatically controlling skylight condition;
Above firedamp sensor can be used to sense indoor harmful gas, to realize automatically controlling skylight condition;
Above PM2.5 sensor can be used for nernst cell PM2.5 numerical value, to realize automatically controlling skylight condition;
Above light intensity sensor can be used for sensing outdoor, the power of indoor light, to arrange fenestrate as this skylight structure During curtain, the state of automatic control curtain or the lighting condition of change indoor lamp are realized.
As a kind of with good heat-insulated, sound insulation function the way of realization of sash 2, the sash 2 includes window in the shape of a frame Edge and the glass being embedded in windowsill, the connecting seat 37 of each drive division 3 is both secured on windowsill, and the glass is double glazing.
As a kind of way of realization of scalable indoor illumination intensity, in the hollow layer of the glass curtain is also equipped with. Specifically, above double glazing includes two pieces of glass monolithics, and intermediate layer is the gap between two pieces of glass monolithics, the curtain Various ways is may be configured as, blind, roller shutter is such as adopted, preferably the drive pattern of curtain electrodynamic type is set to into, to coordinate Light intensity sensor, realization is compareed and automatically adjusted into indoor light intensity.
Embodiment 3:
The present embodiment this case is made on the basis of any one technical scheme that any of the above one embodiment is provided into One step is limited, as one kind in the case of extraneous illumination deficiency, the implementation with light filling function, and also including light bar, institute State light bar to be fixed on the close indoor side of window frame 1.This programme is not only capable of achieving to carry out artificially feed to interior, while being beneficial to The aesthetic property of skylight structure.
Above content is to combine the further description that specific preferred implementation is made to the present invention, it is impossible to assert this The specific embodiment of invention is confined to these explanations.For general technical staff of the technical field of the invention, The other embodiment drawn under without departing from technical scheme, should be included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of electrodynamic type skylight, including window frame (1), sash (2) and the drive division (3) for driving sash (2) open and close, its It is characterised by, drive division (3) more than one;
The drive division (3) includes motor (31), threaded rod (33), slide block (35), strut (36) and connecting seat (37), the electricity Machine (31) is fixed on window frame (1), and one end of threaded rod (33) is connected with motor (31), and the screw thread rotation at threaded rod (33) two ends To contrary;
The slide block (35) is two pieces, and two pieces of slide blocks (35) are threadedly coupled respectively from the different ends of threaded rod (33);
The strut (37) is two, and one end of each strut (37) is articulated and connected respectively by pin from different slide blocks (35), And two struts (37) are equal with the angle of threaded rod (33) respectively;
The other end of each strut (37) is articulated and connected with connecting seat (37), and connecting seat (37) is fixed on sash (2);
Hinged seat is provided with each connecting seat (37), the sash (2) can rotate relative to the hinged seat.
2. a kind of electrodynamic type skylight according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the hinged seat is universal joint or ball pivot Joint.
3. a kind of electrodynamic type skylight according to claim 2, it is characterised in that window frame (1) rectangular frame-shaped, it is described Sash (2) is rectangular, and the quantity of the drive division (3) is four, and four drive divisions (3) are respectively arranged at four of skylight structure Corner;
The axis direction of threaded rod parallel to window frame (1) length sides or width edge, in each drive division (3), for realizing strut (37) it is vertical with the axis of threaded rod (33) in the drive division (3) with the axis of the pin that slide block (35) is articulated and connected;
The universal joint includes two jointed shafts, wherein length side of the axis direction of a jointed shaft parallel to skylight structure To, another jointed shaft axis direction parallel to skylight structure width.
4. a kind of electrodynamic type skylight according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the window frame (1) is rectangle frame-shaped, institute State sash (2) to be rectangle, the motor (31) of each drive division (3) is both secured in the length sides of window frame (1), and threaded rod (33) Axis direction it is parallel with the length direction of window frame (1), for realizing the pin that strut (37) and slide block (35) are articulated and connected Axis be located at window frame (1) width.
5. a kind of electrodynamic type skylight according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the drive division (3) also includes slide (34), the slide (34) is fixed on window frame (1), and length direction and threaded rod (33) axis are provided with the slide (34) The parallel chute in direction, each slide block (35) is embedded in chute near one end of window frame (1).
6. a kind of electrodynamic type skylight according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also include for controlling each motor (31) work The control module of work, the control module is used to control the start and stop of motor (31) and rotation direction on each drive division (3) respectively, and controls It is additionally provided with control signal reception device in module, the control signal reception device includes wireless signal receiver, wired One or more in serial communication modular.
7. a kind of electrodynamic type skylight according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also including being fixed on window frame (1) or sash (2) sensor on, the sensor includes one or more in following type sensor:Rain sensor, wind direction sensing Device, firedamp sensor, PM2.5 sensors, light intensity sensor.
8. a kind of electrodynamic type skylight according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the sash (2) is including window in the shape of a frame Edge and the glass being embedded in windowsill, the connecting seat (37) of each drive division (3) is both secured on windowsill, and the glass is hollow glass Glass.
9. a kind of electrodynamic type skylight according to claim 8, it is characterised in that be also equipped with the hollow layer of the glass Curtain.
10. a kind of electrodynamic type skylight according to any one in claim 1-9, it is characterised in that also including light bar, institute State light bar to be fixed on the close indoor side of window frame (1).
CN201611113785.9A 2016-12-06 2016-12-06 A kind of electrodynamic type skylight Active CN106639731B (en)

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Address after: 610000 3 storeys, Building 2, 548 Gaopeng West Road, Wuhou District, Chengdu City, Sichuan Province

Patentee after: Chengdu Longgui Blackstone Technology Co., Ltd.

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Patentee before: Chengdu Weidi Zhichuang Doors and Windows Co., Ltd.