CN106624035B - Valve rocker drilling device with automatic tool changer - Google Patents

Valve rocker drilling device with automatic tool changer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106624035B
CN106624035B CN201611247602.2A CN201611247602A CN106624035B CN 106624035 B CN106624035 B CN 106624035B CN 201611247602 A CN201611247602 A CN 201611247602A CN 106624035 B CN106624035 B CN 106624035B
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China
Prior art keywords
seat
knife
thick
thin
cylinder
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CN201611247602.2A
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CN106624035A (en
Inventor
曾勇
孙光兵
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Chongqing Increasingly Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Chongqing Increasingly Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B41/00Boring or drilling machines or devices specially adapted for particular work; Accessories specially adapted therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/155Arrangements for automatic insertion or removal of tools, e.g. combined with manual handling
    • B23Q3/157Arrangements for automatic insertion or removal of tools, e.g. combined with manual handling of rotary tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B2215/00Details of workpieces
    • B23B2215/24Components of internal combustion engines

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Perforating, Stamping-Out Or Severing By Means Other Than Cutting (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of valve rocker drilling device with automatic tool changer, including:Seat is processed, including pedestal, the machine table on horizontal plane is provided on pedestal, installing plate is connected with by support column in the top of supporting block;Clamp system, including rotation seat, the bottom end of rotation seat is connect with base rotation, and rotation seat passes through machine table and rotation seat can be rotated relative to machine table;Double-head hole drilling machine is set to by rotation seat, and each drill bit includes headstock, the air pressure testing agency for detecting pressure in air cavity is provided on pressed seat, the induction part of air pressure testing agency is stretched into air cavity;Cutter mechanism is sent, including the conveying seat being installed on workbench, conveys and the second cylinder is installed on seat, the piston rod of the second cylinder is connected with plate;And control cabinet.Beneficial effects of the present invention:It realizes and changes thick heel into thin knife automatically after the completion of ought slightly drilling, realize the processing that the first axis hole and the second axis hole are completed after valve rocker installation.

Description

Valve rocker drilling device with automatic tool changer
Technical field
The present invention relates to valve rocker production equipments, and in particular to a kind of valve rocker drilling with automatic tool changer is set It is standby.
Background technology
As shown in Figure 1, valve rocker includes:The structure of left rocking arm 1 and right rocking arm 2, left rocking arm 1 and right rocking arm 2 is in mirror As symmetrical, right rocking arm 2 and left rocking arm 1 include:Arm block 11, the opposite sides of arm block 11 are respectively arranged with engaging lug 12 and connection The wing 13, engaging lug 12 offer the first axis hole 14, and the connection wing 13 and the junction of arm block 11 offer the second axis hole 15, existing skill Art can be realized without device while the first axis hole 14 or the second axis hole 15 are processed to left rocking arm 1 and right rocking arm 2, due to first axle The process requirements of 14 and second axis hole 15 of hole are very high, it is therefore desirable to after thick knife tentatively punching, then again on the hole accomplished fluently Fine grinding is carried out with thin knife, and then reaches the process requirements of the first axis hole 14 and the second axis hole 15, but thick drilling and fine grinding need Implement on different drilling machines, therefore troublesome in poeration, aggravated operating difficulties, while when work piece needs always after in place Processing, causes thick knife and thin knife that cannot gather high fever and cause service life short.
Invention content
The present invention provides a kind of valve rocker drilling devices with automatic tool changer, realize after the completion of ought slightly drilling Automatically it changes thick heel into thin knife, realizes the processing that the first axis hole and the second axis hole are completed after valve rocker installation.
To achieve the above object, present invention employs following technical solutions:
A kind of valve rocker drilling device with automatic tool changer, including:
Seat is processed, including pedestal, the machine table on horizontal plane is provided on pedestal, is connected between machine table and pedestal Supporting block is connected to, installing plate is connected with by support column in the top of supporting block;
Clamp system, including rotation seat, the bottom end of rotation seat is connect with base rotation, and rotation seat passes through machine table and turns Dynamic seat can be rotated relative to machine table, and the upper surface of rotation seat is provided with for placing left rocking arm and right rocking arm above rotation seat Mould is equipped with the first cylinder on a mounting board, and the piston rod of the first cylinder is connect across installing plate with upper mold, and upper mold can shake a left side Arm and right rocking arm are pressed on rotation seat, and the end set that rotation seat is connect with pedestal has rotating drive mechanism;
Double-head hole drilling machine is set to by rotation seat, and double-head hole drilling machine includes double drill bits and the brill for driving drill bit Hole driving mechanism can treat the first axis hole position to be processed of valve rocker and the second axis hole under the driving of rotating drive mechanism Working position is opposite with double drill bits, and each drill bit includes headstock, headstock one end connection drilling driving mechanism, and the headstock other end connects It is connected to pressed seat, pressed seat is tubular structure, and pressed seat endoporus is provided with two gripping blocks, and gripping block is half tubular shape structure, two For connecting thick knife or thin knife between gripping block, the gap of two gripping block sides is closed with primary diaphragm, is used between two gripping blocks Secondary diaphragm is closed, and the first step of headstock is formed away from pressed seat inner hole wall, and two gripping blocks are with first step contact position Second step, two gripping blocks at second step with third diaphragm closed between pressed seat inner hole wall by gap, two gripping blocks, Form air cavity between pressed seat inner hole wall, primary diaphragm, secondary diaphragm and third diaphragm, primary diaphragm, secondary diaphragm and Third diaphragm is made of elastic rubber material, and third diaphragm is located at first step close to the side of headstock, in first step On be provided with sliding groove, be provided with the sliding shoe slided in sliding groove on second step, sliding groove inner wall and sliding shoe it Between be connected with the first spring positioned at pressed seat endoporus radially, when in air cavity being atmospheric pressure, the first spring makes two compressions Block is close to pressed seat inner hole wall, and the air inlet pipe and air outlet pipe connected with air cavity is provided on pressed seat, and air inlet pipe is led to The first check valve connection air source is crossed, the second check valve for being opened and closed air outlet pipe is provided in air outlet pipe, is set on pressed seat The air pressure testing agency of pressure in detection air cavity is useful for, the induction part of air pressure testing agency is stretched into air cavity;
Cutter mechanism is sent, including the conveying seat being installed on workbench, conveys and the second cylinder, the second cylinder is installed on seat Piston rod be connected with plate, the thick tool bore for inserting thick knife and the thin tool bore for inserting thin knife are provided on plate, The center line of thick knife and thin knife with two compact heaps on plate can be aligned under the driving of second cylinder, at thick tool bore bottom Portion is provided with to detect whether thick knife is put into the thick knife of position to position detecting mechanism, is provided in thin tool bore bottom thin for detecting Whether knife is put into the thin knife of position to position detecting mechanism;And
Control cabinet, the first cylinder, rotating drive mechanism, drilling driving mechanism, the first check valve, the second check valve, air pressure Testing agency, the second cylinder, thick knife to position detecting mechanism and thin knife are electrically connected to control cabinet to position detecting mechanism.
Preferably, rotating drive mechanism includes:
First pulley is set to rotation seat on the end periphery of pedestal;
Second belt wheel is set to by first pulley and it is connect by connector with supporting block, and the second belt wheel can be even It is rotated on fitting;
Belt is connected between first pulley and the second belt wheel, to interlock first pulley and the second belt wheel;And
Motor is set in pedestal, and the rotation axis of motor stretches out pedestal and passes through the center of connector and the second belt wheel Connection, motor are electrically connected with control cabinet.
Preferably, connector includes:
Support plate is connect with supporting block and in horizontal direction;And
Rotary cylinder is placed on outside the rotation axis of motor, and rotary cylinder one end is fixedly connected with the second belt wheel, and rotary cylinder is another End is rotatablely connected with support plate.
Preferably, rotation slot is offered on pedestal, ball is connected with by retainer in the bottom of rotation seat, is rotated Seat is connect by ball with rotation groove bottom, and ball can relatively rotate seat and base rotation.
Preferably, aligning plate is provided in the middle part of rotation seat, aligning plate is rectangular parallelepiped structure, opposite in aligning plate two Pushing plate is both provided with by side, pushing plate is connect by third cylinder with supporting block, and the piston rod telescopic direction of third cylinder is equal It is parallel with the telescopic direction of drill bit.
Preferably, air pressure testing agency includes:
Gas examines ontology, is installed on pressed seat, and gas inspection ontology is provided with test chamber close to the end of air cavity, and ontology is examined in gas On be provided with the air flue connected with outside air;
Diaphragm is touched, elastic rubber material is used to be made, diaphragm is touched and separates air cavity and test chamber;
Compression bar is set to and touches diaphragm on air cavity side;
First guide cylinder is set on detection cavity wall, and the end that compression bar is not connected with touching diaphragm stretches to first and leads Into cylinder;
Protrusion is set to compression bar and stretches on the end in the first guide cylinder;
Second spring is set between protrusion and the first guide cylinder bottom surface;
First connection sheet, uses conductive material to be made, and the first connection sheet setting compression bar is located at the end in the first guide cylinder On face;And
Two first trigger units, be set to it is on the first guide cylinder bottom surface and mutually isolated, the first trigger unit using conduction Material is made, and one first trigger unit connection 5V power supplys, another first trigger unit connects control cabinet, is atmospheric pressure in air cavity When, there is distance between the first connection sheet and the first trigger unit;When compact heap clamps thick knife or thin knife, the first connection sheet and two First trigger unit is close to.
Preferably, thick knife includes to position detecting mechanism and thin knife to position detecting mechanism:
Frizzen, offers triggering chamber on thick tool bore and thin tool bore bottom surface, and the inlet of thick tool bore and thin tool bore is equal Rubber ring is provided with, rubber ring has elasticity, and rubber ring can clamp thick knife or thin knife, and triggering chamber connects with thick tool bore or thin tool bore Logical, frizzen shuttles between thick tool bore or thin tool bore and triggering chamber;
Second guide cylinder is set on triggering cavity wall, and frizzen stretches to second positioned at the end of triggering intracavitary and leads Into cylinder;
Mounting ring is set to frizzen and stretches on the end in the second guide cylinder;
Third spring is set between mounting ring and the second guide cylinder bottom surface;
Second connection sheet, uses conductive material to be made, and the second connection sheet setting frizzen is located in the second guide cylinder On end face;And
Two second trigger units, be set to it is on the second guide cylinder bottom surface and mutually isolated, the second trigger unit using conduction Material is made, and one second trigger unit connection 5V power supplys, another second trigger unit connects control cabinet, when thick knife or thin knife failure to feed When, there is distance between the second connection sheet and the second trigger unit;After thick knife or thin knife are sent to position, thick knife or thin knife compress compression bar, The second connection sheet is made to be close to two second trigger units.
Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the advantages that:
1) it is the first axis hole and second by the way that clamp system is set to realize the positioning and clamping to left rocking arm and right rocking arm The processing of axis hole provides condition;
2) by setting the rotation of rotation seat, realize when processing the first axis hole on double-head hole drilling machine by engaging lug towards Double-head hole drilling machine will connect aerofoil when needing to process the second axis hole to double-head hole drilling machine, and then realize in same twin tip drill Hole machines the first axis hole and the second axis hole, saves the use of double-head hole drilling machine, has saved energy;
3) by setting the structure of drill bit, realize the function of thick knife or thin knife being unclamped when air cavity is not ventilated, in air cavity The function energy for clamping thick knife or thin knife after interior ventilation, primary diaphragm, secondary diaphragm and third diaphragm are realized in gripping block Between form closed air cavity, while the movement for the gripping block during ventilating or dying provides condition;First is set Rank and second step, avoid secondary diaphragm expose outside because have external substance piercing due to secondary diaphragm is caused to damage, realize simultaneously Support to gripping block avoids gripping block arbitrarily exposed and leads to not playback;Guide groove and cunning are set on first step Motion block realizes the guiding to gripping block, avoid gripping block gas into it is fashionable arbitrarily tamper and can not be tightly attached to thick knife and On thin knife;By setting the first spring, realization is died and quick distance becomes larger between gripping block during outlet, convenient for thick knife or thin knife Insertion;
4) by setting air pressure testing agency, the real-time detection to air pressure in air cavity is realized, ensures that air pressure reaches in air cavity To the dynamics of clamping;
5) cutter mechanism is sent by setting, realizes the automatic replacement by thick knife and thin knife in boring procedure, then avoid Thick knife and thin knife is caused to damage due to thick knife and long thin knife process time, extends the service life of thick knife and thin knife, is reduced Equipment cost in production process.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of valve rocker;
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram of the valve rocker drilling device with automatic tool changer;
Fig. 3 is not inserted into sectional view when thick knife and thin knife for cutter head in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the structure diagram that mechanism is sent in Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the sectional view of Tu3Zhong air pressures testing agency;
Fig. 6 is rotation seat and the sectional view of pedestal junction;
Fig. 7 is thick tool bore in Fig. 5 or the sectional view at thin tool bore.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Fig. 2, a kind of valve rocker drilling device with automatic tool changer, including:
Process seat 3, including pedestal 31, be provided with the machine table 32 on horizontal plane on pedestal 31, machine table 32 and Supporting block 33 is connected between pedestal 31, installing plate 35 is connected with by support column 34 in the top of supporting block 33;
Clamp system 4, including rotation seat 41, bottom end and the pedestal 31 of rotation seat 41 are rotatablely connected, and rotation seat 41 passes through Machine table 32 and rotation seat 41 can be rotated relative to machine table 32, the upper surface of rotation seat 41 is used to place left rocking arm and right rocking arm, 41 top of rotation seat is provided with upper mold 42, the first cylinder 43 is equipped on installing plate 35, the piston rod of the first cylinder 43 passes through Installing plate 35 is connect with upper mold 42, and left rocking arm and right rocking arm can be pressed on rotation seat 41 by upper mold 42, rotation seat 41 and pedestal The end set of 31 connections has rotating drive mechanism;
Double-head hole drilling machine 5 is set to by rotation seat 41, and double-head hole drilling machine 5 includes double drill bits 51 and bored for driving First 51 drilling driving mechanism, can be by the first axis hole position to be processed of valve rocker and under the driving of rotating drive mechanism Two axis holes position to be processed is opposite with double drill bits 51, as shown in figure 3, each drill bit 51 includes headstock 511,511 one end of headstock Connection drilling driving mechanism, 511 other end of headstock are connected with pressed seat 512, and pressed seat 512 is tubular structure, in pressed seat 512 Hole is provided with two gripping blocks 513, and gripping block 513 is half tubular shape structure, is used to connect thick knife or thin between two gripping blocks 513 Knife, the gap primary diaphragm 514 of two gripping blocks, 513 side are closed, and are closed between two gripping blocks 513 with secondary diaphragm 515, pressure The first step 516 of headstock 511 is formed away from 512 inner hole wall of tight seat, two gripping blocks 513 are with 516 contact position of first step Second step 517, two gripping blocks 513 gap third diaphragm between 512 inner hole wall of pressed seat at second step 517 518 closing, two gripping blocks 513,512 inner hole wall of pressed seat, primary diaphragm 514, secondary diaphragm 515 and third diaphragm 518 it Between form air cavity 519, primary diaphragm 514, secondary diaphragm 515 and third diaphragm 518 be made of elastic rubber material, the Three diaphragms 518 are located at first step 516 close to the side of headstock 511, sliding groove 510 are provided on first step 516, The sliding shoe 521 slided in sliding groove 510 is provided on two steps 517, is connected between 510 inner wall of sliding groove and sliding shoe 521 It is connected to positioned at the first spring 520 of 512 endoporus of pressed seat radially, when in air cavity 519 being atmospheric pressure, the first spring 520 Two compact heaps is made to be close to 512 inner hole wall of pressed seat, the air inlet pipe 522 connected with air cavity 519 is provided on pressed seat 512 And air outlet pipe 523, air inlet pipe 522 connect air source by the first check valve, are provided with to be opened and closed air outlet pipe in air outlet pipe 523 523 the second check valve is provided with the air pressure testing agency 7 for detecting pressure in air cavity 519, air pressure on pressed seat 512 The induction part of testing agency 7 is stretched into air cavity 519;
Cutter mechanism 6 is sent, including the conveying seat 61 being installed on workbench, as shown in figure 4, being equipped with the on conveying seat 61 Two cylinders 63, the piston rod of the second cylinder 63 are connected with plate 62, the thick tool bore 65 for inserting thick knife are provided on plate 62 With for inserting the thin tool bore 64 of thin knife, under the driving of the second cylinder 63 can by the thick knife on plate 62 and thin knife with The center line alignment of two compact heaps is provided with to detect whether thick knife is put into the thick knife of position detection machine in place in thick tool bore bottom Structure is provided with to detect whether thin knife is put into the thin knife of position to position detecting mechanism in thin 64 bottom of tool bore;And
Control cabinet (not shown), the first cylinder 43, rotating drive mechanism, drilling driving mechanism, the first check valve, second Check valve, air pressure testing agency 7, the second cylinder 63, thick knife to position detecting mechanism and thin knife are electrically connected to position detecting mechanism To control cabinet.During work, first, right rocking arm and left rocking arm are abreast positioned on rotation seat 41 together, by right rocking arm and a left side Rocking arm manuallys locate, and engaging lug is aligned with drill bit 51, and the initial position of rotation seat 41 is that engaging lug is aligned with drill bit 51, is added The first axis hole of work;Then, the first cylinder 43 is started by control cabinet so that upper mold 42 is by Workpiece clamping on rotation seat 41;Again Afterwards, the second cylinder 63 of cutter mechanism 6 is sent by control cabinet startup, drill bit 51 is initially without thick knife and thin knife, by thick knife with compressing Seat 512 is aligned;It is to be inserted into thick knife or thin knife-like state since the distance between two gripping block 513 of original state is larger after again, Control cabinet starts drilling driving mechanism so that thick knife of the pressed seat 512 on socket moves, and realizes thick knife being inserted into gripping block Between 513;After again, control cabinet controls the first check valve to open, the second closed check valve, is passed through gas in air cavity 519 so that gas Air pressure increases in chamber 519, and air pressure testing agency 7 detects that the air pressure of air cavity 519 has reached the air pressure for clamping thick knife, controls Case controls the first check valve and the second check valve to simultaneously close off, and keeps the air pressure;After again, control cabinet starts drilling driving mechanism, So that drill bit 51 is retracted;After again, control cabinet starts drilling driving mechanism so that it is stretched out while drill bit 51 rotates to engaging lug, Realize the roughing to the first axis hole;After again, after roughing is complete, control cabinet starts drilling driving mechanism, retraction drill bit 51;Again Afterwards, the second cylinder 63 of cutter mechanism 6 is sent by control cabinet startup, thick tool bore is aligned with drill bit 51;After again, control cabinet, which starts, to be bored Hole driving mechanism so that thick knife is inserted into thick tool bore by drill bit 51, when thick knife to position detecting mechanism detects thick cutter spacing, is stopped Drill driving mechanism;After again, control cabinet control socket is retracted and drill bit 51 is retracted;After again, thin tool bore 64 is aligned with drill bit 51, Again thin knife is captured, the crawl of thin knife is consistent with the crawl of thick knife, and which is not described herein again.
Please continue to refer to shown in Fig. 2, rotating drive mechanism includes:
First pulley 551 is set to rotation seat 41 on the end periphery of pedestal 31;
Second belt wheel 552, is set to 551 side of first pulley and it is connect by connector with supporting block 33, the second band Wheel 552 can rotate on connector;
Belt 553 is connected between 551 and second belt wheel 552 of first pulley, to interlock first pulley 551 and second Belt wheel 552;And
Motor 554 is set in pedestal 31, and the rotation axis of motor 554 stretches out pedestal 31 and passes through connector and second The center connection of belt wheel 552, motor 554 are electrically connected with control cabinet.
Please continue to refer to shown in Fig. 2, in order to avoid being damaged due to the rotation axis of the second belt wheel 552 and motor 554 is directly connected to Bad, connector includes:
Support plate 555 is connect with supporting block 33 and in horizontal direction;And
Rotary cylinder 556 is placed on outside the rotation axis of motor 554, and 556 one end of rotary cylinder is fixed with the second belt wheel 552 to be connected It connects, 556 other end of rotary cylinder is rotatablely connected with support plate 555.
In order to enable the slip of rotation seat 41 is more smooth so that motor 554 to the driving of rotation seat 41 faster, in pedestal Rotation slot is offered on 31, ball 558 is connected with by retainer 557 in the bottom of rotation seat 41, rotation seat 41 passes through ball 558 connect with rotation groove bottom, and ball 558 can relatively rotate seat 41 and pedestal 31 rotates.
In order to avoid after the rotation of rotation seat 41 to needing the position to have difference slightly, please continue to refer to shown in Fig. 2, turn The middle part of dynamic seat 41 is provided with aligning plate 561, and aligning plate 561 is rectangular parallelepiped structure, is respectively provided with by 561 liang of relative edges of aligning plate There is pushing plate 562, pushing plate 562 is connect by third cylinder 563 with supporting block 33, the piston rod side of stretching of third cylinder 563 To parallel with the telescopic direction of drill bit 51.When under driving of the rotation seat 41 in motor 554 and tentatively by engaging lug or connection The wing is aligned with drill bit 51, in order to which surface has offset, starts two third cylinders 563, and two third cylinders 563 work asynchronously, The same length is stretched out to aligning plate 561 so that aligning plate 561 drives the workpiece on rotation seat 41 to be precisely aligned with drill bit 51, The problem of causing processing quality poor due to rotation seat 41 rotates not in place is avoided, improves the quality of valve rocker.
In order to which design structure is simple, air pressure detection machine easy to use is please referred to shown in Fig. 5, and air pressure testing agency 7 wraps It includes:
Gas examines ontology 71, is installed on pressed seat 512, and gas inspection ontology 71 is provided with test chamber close to the end of air cavity 519, The air flue connected with outside air is provided on gas inspection ontology 71;
Diaphragm 72 is touched, elastic rubber material is used to be made, diaphragm 72 is touched and separates air cavity 519 and test chamber;
Compression bar 73 is set to and touches diaphragm 72 on 519 side of air cavity;
First guide cylinder 74 is set on detection cavity wall, and the not connected end for touching diaphragm 72 of compression bar 73 stretches to In first guide cylinder 74;
Protrusion 75 is set to compression bar 73 and stretches on the end in the first guide cylinder 74;
Second spring 76 is set between 75 and first guide cylinder of protrusion, 74 bottom surface;
First connection sheet 77, uses conductive material to be made, and the first connection sheet 77 setting compression bar 73 is located at the first guide cylinder On end face in 74;And
Two first trigger units 78, are set on 74 bottom surface of the first guide cylinder and mutually isolated, and the first trigger unit uses Conductive material is made, and one first trigger unit connection 5V power supplys, another first trigger unit connects control cabinet, is big in air cavity 519 When air pressure is strong, there is distance between the first connection sheet 77 and the first trigger unit;When compact heap clamps thick knife or thin knife, first connects Contact pin 77 is close to two first trigger units 78.
In order to which design structure is simple, thick knife easy to use to position detecting mechanism and thin knife to position detecting mechanism, thick knife Include to position detecting mechanism to position detecting mechanism and thin knife:
Frizzen 81, offers triggering chamber on 64 bottom surface of thick tool bore and thin tool bore, and thick tool bore and thin tool bore 64 enter Rubber ring 82 is both provided at mouthful, rubber ring 82 has elasticity, and rubber ring 82 can clamp thick knife or thin knife, triggering chamber and thick tool bore Or thin tool bore 64 connects, frizzen 81 shuttles between thick tool bore or thin tool bore 64 and triggering chamber;
Second guide cylinder 83 is set on triggering cavity wall, and the end that frizzen 81 is located at triggering intracavitary stretches to the In two guide cylinders 83;
Mounting ring 84 is set to frizzen 81 and stretches on the end in the second guide cylinder 83;
Third spring 85 is set between 84 and second guide cylinder of mounting ring, 83 bottom surface;
Second connection sheet 86, uses conductive material to be made, and the second connection sheet 86 setting frizzen 81 is located at second and is oriented to On end face in cylinder 83;And
Two second trigger units 87, are set on 83 bottom surface of the second guide cylinder and mutually isolated, and the second trigger unit 87 is adopted It is made of conductive material, one second trigger unit 87 connection 5V power supplys, another second trigger unit 87 connects control cabinet, when thick knife or carefully During knife failure to feed, there is distance between the second connection sheet 86 and the second trigger unit 87;After thick knife or thin knife are sent to position, thick knife or Thin knife compresses compression bar 73, and the second connection sheet 86 is made to be close to two second trigger units 87.
Finally illustrate, the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention and it is unrestricted, although with reference to compared with The present invention is described in detail in good embodiment, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that, it can be to the skill of the present invention Art scheme is modified or replaced equivalently, and without departing from the objective and range of technical solution of the present invention, should all be covered at this In the right of invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of valve rocker drilling device with automatic tool changer, which is characterized in that including:
Seat is processed, including pedestal, the machine table on horizontal plane is provided on pedestal, is connected between machine table and pedestal Supporting block is connected with installing plate in the top of supporting block by support column;
Clamp system, including rotation seat, the bottom end of rotation seat is connect with base rotation, and rotation seat passes through machine table and rotation seat It can be rotated relative to machine table, for placing left rocking arm and right rocking arm, rotation seat top is provided with upper mold for the upper surface of rotation seat, First cylinder is installed on installing plate, the piston rod of the first cylinder is connect across installing plate with upper mold, upper mold can by left rocking arm and Right rocking arm is pressed on rotation seat, and the end set that rotation seat is connect with pedestal has rotating drive mechanism;
Double-head hole drilling machine is set to by rotation seat, and double-head hole drilling machine includes double drill bits and for the drilling of drill bit to be driven to drive Motivation structure, can be to be processed by the first axis hole position to be processed of valve rocker and the second axis hole under the driving of rotating drive mechanism Position is opposite with double drill bits, and each drill bit includes headstock, headstock one end connection drilling driving mechanism, and the headstock other end is connected with Pressed seat, pressed seat are tubular structure, and pressed seat endoporus is provided with two gripping blocks, and gripping block is half tubular shape structure, and two clamp For connecting thick knife or thin knife between block, the gap of two gripping block sides is closed with primary diaphragm, with second between two gripping blocks Diaphragm is closed, and the first step of headstock is formed away from pressed seat inner hole wall, and two gripping blocks are second with first step contact position Step, two gripping blocks at second step with third diaphragm closed between pressed seat inner hole wall by gap, and two gripping blocks compress Air cavity, primary diaphragm, secondary diaphragm and third are formed between seat inner hole wall, primary diaphragm, secondary diaphragm and third diaphragm Diaphragm is made of elastic rubber material, and third diaphragm is located at first step close to the side of headstock, is set on first step Sliding groove is equipped with, the sliding shoe slided in sliding groove is provided on second step, is connected between sliding groove inner wall and sliding shoe It is connected to positioned at the first spring of pressed seat endoporus radially, when in air cavity being atmospheric pressure, the first spring makes two compact heaps equal It is close to pressed seat inner hole wall, the air inlet pipe and air outlet pipe connected with air cavity is provided on pressed seat, air inlet pipe passes through One check valve connects air source, and the second check valve for being opened and closed air outlet pipe is provided in air outlet pipe, is set on pressed seat useful In the air pressure testing agency of pressure in detection air cavity, the induction part of air pressure testing agency is stretched into air cavity;
Cutter mechanism is sent, including the conveying seat being installed on workbench, conveys and the second cylinder, the work of the second cylinder is installed on seat Stopper rod is connected with plate, the thick tool bore for inserting thick knife and the thin tool bore for inserting thin knife is provided on plate, second The center line of thick knife and thin knife with two compact heaps on plate can be aligned under the driving of cylinder, be set in thick tool bore bottom It is equipped with to detect whether thick knife is put into the thick knife of position to position detecting mechanism, be provided in thin tool bore bottom is for detecting thin knife The no thin knife for being put into position is to position detecting mechanism;And
Control cabinet, the first cylinder, rotating drive mechanism, drilling driving mechanism, the first check valve, the second check valve, air pressure detection Mechanism, the second cylinder, thick knife to position detecting mechanism and thin knife are electrically connected to control cabinet to position detecting mechanism.
2. the valve rocker drilling device according to claim 1 with automatic tool changer, which is characterized in that rotation driving Mechanism includes:
First pulley is set to rotation seat on the end periphery of pedestal;
Second belt wheel is set to by first pulley and it is connect by connector with supporting block, and the second belt wheel can be in connector Upper rotation;
Belt is connected between first pulley and the second belt wheel, to interlock first pulley and the second belt wheel;And
Motor is set in pedestal, and the rotation axis of motor is stretched out pedestal and connect across connector with the center of the second belt wheel, Motor is electrically connected with control cabinet.
3. the valve rocker drilling device according to claim 2 with automatic tool changer, which is characterized in that connector packet It includes:
Support plate is connect with supporting block and in horizontal direction;And
Rotary cylinder is placed on outside the rotation axis of motor, and rotary cylinder one end is fixedly connected with the second belt wheel, the rotary cylinder other end with Support plate is rotatablely connected.
4. the valve rocker drilling device according to claim 3 with automatic tool changer, which is characterized in that on pedestal Rotation slot is offered, ball is connected with by retainer in the bottom of rotation seat, rotation seat is connected by ball and rotation groove bottom It connects, ball can relatively rotate seat and base rotation.
5. the valve rocker drilling device according to claim 4 with automatic tool changer, which is characterized in that in rotation seat Middle part be provided with aligning plate, aligning plate is rectangular parallelepiped structure, and pushing plate, pushing plate are both provided with by two relative edge of aligning plate It is connect by third cylinder with supporting block, the piston rod telescopic direction of third cylinder is parallel with the telescopic direction of drill bit.
6. the valve rocker drilling device according to any one of claims 1 to 5 with automatic tool changer, feature exist In air pressure testing agency includes:
Gas examines ontology, is installed on pressed seat, and gas inspection ontology is provided with test chamber close to the end of air cavity, is opened on gas inspection ontology There is the air flue connected with outside air;
Diaphragm is touched, elastic rubber material is used to be made, diaphragm is touched and separates air cavity and test chamber;
Compression bar is set to and touches diaphragm on air cavity side;
First guide cylinder is set on detection cavity wall, and the end that compression bar is not connected with touching diaphragm stretches to the first guide cylinder It is interior;
Protrusion is set to compression bar and stretches on the end in the first guide cylinder;
Second spring is set between protrusion and the first guide cylinder bottom surface;
First connection sheet, uses conductive material to be made, and the first connection sheet setting compression bar is located on the end face in the first guide cylinder; And
Two first trigger units, be set to it is on the first guide cylinder bottom surface and mutually isolated, the first trigger unit use conductive material It being made, one first trigger unit connection 5V power supplys, another first trigger unit connects control cabinet, when being atmospheric pressure in air cavity, the There is distance between a connecting piece and the first trigger unit;When compact heap clamps thick knife or thin knife, the first connection sheet and two first Trigger unit is close to.
7. the valve rocker drilling device according to claim 6 with automatic tool changer, which is characterized in that thick knife is in place Testing agency and thin knife include to position detecting mechanism:
Frizzen, offers triggering chamber on thick tool bore and thin tool bore bottom surface, and the inlet of thick tool bore and thin tool bore is respectively provided with There is rubber ring, rubber ring has elasticity, and rubber ring can clamp thick knife or thin knife, and triggering chamber is connected with thick tool bore or thin tool bore, touched Bar is sent out to shuttle between thick tool bore or thin tool bore and triggering chamber;
Second guide cylinder is set on triggering cavity wall, and the end that frizzen is located at triggering intracavitary stretches to the second guide cylinder It is interior;
Mounting ring is set to frizzen and stretches on the end in the second guide cylinder;
Third spring is set between mounting ring and the second guide cylinder bottom surface;
Second connection sheet, uses conductive material to be made, and the second connection sheet setting frizzen is located at the end face in the second guide cylinder On;And
Two second trigger units, be set to it is on the second guide cylinder bottom surface and mutually isolated, the second trigger unit use conductive material It being made, one second trigger unit connection 5V power supplys, another second trigger unit connects control cabinet, when thick knife or thin knife failure to feed, There is distance between second connection sheet and the second trigger unit;After thick knife or thin knife are sent to position, thick knife or thin knife compress compression bar, make Two connection sheets are close to two second trigger units.
CN201611247602.2A 2016-12-29 2016-12-29 Valve rocker drilling device with automatic tool changer Active CN106624035B (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2173242C2 (en) * 1999-09-28 2001-09-10 Открытое акционерное общество "Таганрогская авиация" Device for machining coaxial openings
CN202317109U (en) * 2011-10-22 2012-07-11 东风德纳车桥有限公司 Flexible machining system for axle housing lute hole
CN103302332A (en) * 2013-05-31 2013-09-18 王庆 Device for processing side pin hole of front shaft
CN203265682U (en) * 2013-05-10 2013-11-06 广州市敏嘉制造技术有限公司 Boring mill for boring ball arced face
JP2014195851A (en) * 2013-03-29 2014-10-16 株式会社ハル技術研究所 Processor for differential case
CN204209161U (en) * 2014-09-23 2015-03-18 维嘉数控科技(苏州)有限公司 Drilling machine
CN206305497U (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-07-07 重庆越发机械制造有限公司 Valve rocker rig with automatic tool changer

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2173242C2 (en) * 1999-09-28 2001-09-10 Открытое акционерное общество "Таганрогская авиация" Device for machining coaxial openings
CN202317109U (en) * 2011-10-22 2012-07-11 东风德纳车桥有限公司 Flexible machining system for axle housing lute hole
JP2014195851A (en) * 2013-03-29 2014-10-16 株式会社ハル技術研究所 Processor for differential case
CN203265682U (en) * 2013-05-10 2013-11-06 广州市敏嘉制造技术有限公司 Boring mill for boring ball arced face
CN103302332A (en) * 2013-05-31 2013-09-18 王庆 Device for processing side pin hole of front shaft
CN204209161U (en) * 2014-09-23 2015-03-18 维嘉数控科技(苏州)有限公司 Drilling machine
CN206305497U (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-07-07 重庆越发机械制造有限公司 Valve rocker rig with automatic tool changer

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