CN106596293A - Portable type rock mechanics multi-functional test instrument tester - Google Patents

Portable type rock mechanics multi-functional test instrument tester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106596293A
CN106596293A CN201611178776.8A CN201611178776A CN106596293A CN 106596293 A CN106596293 A CN 106596293A CN 201611178776 A CN201611178776 A CN 201611178776A CN 106596293 A CN106596293 A CN 106596293A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pressing plate
pressure
plate
testing instrument
control room
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Granted
Application number
CN201611178776.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106596293B (en
Inventor
杨永明
鞠杨
刘红彬
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China University of Mining and Technology Beijing CUMTB
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China University of Mining and Technology Beijing CUMTB
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Priority to CN201611178776.8A priority Critical patent/CN106596293B/en
Publication of CN106596293A publication Critical patent/CN106596293A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N3/00Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress
    • G01N3/24Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress by applying steady shearing forces
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N2203/00Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress
    • G01N2203/0014Type of force applied
    • G01N2203/0025Shearing

Abstract

The invention provides a portable rock mechanics multi-functional test instrument. The instrument comprises a pedestal. A control chamber is arranged on the pedestal. A shear box is arranged on the control chamber. The center of the shear box is provided with an empty cavity for placing samples. The side wall of the empty cavity is provided with at least one heating structure. The bottom of the empty cavity is provided with a pressure sensor. The pedestal is provided with a support frame. A pressure cylinder is arranged on the support frame and above the shear box. A press plate structure is connected fixedly with the lower portion of the pressure cylinder for pressing a sample. The press plate structure comprises an integral press plate. A partial pressure plate is arranged at the side of the integral press plate, and can move in the direction perpendicular to the integral press plate. The portable rock mechanics multi-functional test instrument has the advantages of being small in size, convenient to carry, capable of conducting the mechanical test of a sample integrally or partially, and conducting the test of mechanical properties of the sample under different temperatures.

Description

A kind of portable rock mechanic multifunction testing instrument
Technical field
The invention belongs to mechanical equipment technical field, more particularly, to a kind of portable rock mechanic multifunction testing instrument.
Background technology
Deformation and strength characteristic during rock stand under load.After rock stand under load, increase strain with stress and also increase.When stress increase When being maintained at certain level to rock strength value, or stress long term constant, the rock failure mechanism of rock can be made.Enclose stope, roadway is evaluated Rock stability reflects that the deformation behaviour and rock of rock stress-strain stress relation are broken with when solving the problems, such as catalase, all needing to study The strength characteristic data of maximum stress under ill-condition.
In many industries such as building, geology, waterpower hydroelectric project, mining, rock is contacted in a large number, Jing to commonly use rock " the stress of the mechanical property parameters of stone, wherein rock.Strain " the Complete Curve is that one most basic, most important, application is most Performance parameter, the base studied the problems such as it is rock texture rigidity and elastic whole process analysis, anti-seismic structure and deformation Plinth.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is for the problems referred to above, there is provided a kind of portable rock mechanic multifunction testing instrument, with body Product is little, is easy to carry, and can respectively carry out mechanical test to the overall drawn game portion of sample, and can be to sample at different temperatures Mechanical property tested.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, following technical proposal is present invention employs:This portable rock mechanic multifunction testing instrument, Including base, described base is provided with control room, and described control room is provided with shear box, and described shear box middle part is provided with For placing the cavity of sample, the side wall of described cavity is provided with least one heating arrangement, and described cavity bottom is provided with Pressure sensor, described control interior is provided with the single-chip microcomputer being connected with heating arrangement and pressure sensor control, described list Pressure-display device and temperature controller are connected with piece machine, power supply architecture, described base are connected with described single-chip microcomputer Bracing frame is provided with, described bracing frame is provided with the pressure cylinder above shear box, and described pressure cylinder lower section is solid The pressure plate structure for extruding sample is connected with, described pressure plate structure includes overall pressing plate, and the sidepiece of described overall pressing plate sets Having can be along the local pressing plate of overall pressing plate longitudinally-moving.
Preferably, described heating arrangement includes electric hot plate, described pressure sensor is arranged at the bottom of electric hot plate, Mat insulation is provided between described pressure sensor and electric hot plate.
Preferably, described pressure-display device includes the display screen being arranged on control room, described temperature control Device includes the TIP being arranged on control room, and described TIP can control the temperature of heating arrangement.
Preferably, described bracing frame includes stand, cross bar is provided with the top of described stand, is set on described cross bar There is sliding shoe, described pressure cylinder is fixed on sliding shoe.
Preferably, the overall pressing plate bottom offers some grooves, described local pressing plate is by screw rod and entirety Pressing plate liftable connects, and when described local pressing plate is located in groove, the bottom surface of local pressing plate is mutually neat with the bottom surface of overall pressing plate It is flat.
Preferably, described overall pressing plate bottom symmetrical is provided with two local pressing plates, on two described local pressing plates A screw rod is respectively equipped with, wherein a screw tip is fixed with driving gear, another screw tip is fixed with and driving tooth The driven gear of wheel engagement, described driving gear is provided with rotation handle.
Preferably, described power supply architecture includes the supply unit in control room or base, described power supply Power line is connected with device, described base is provided with the door body that power supply source line stretches out or is put into.
Compared with prior art, it is an advantage of the current invention that:With small volume, it is easy to carry, can be by overall pressure Plate carries out overall mechanical test to sample, moreover it is possible to which the local pressing plate of overall pressing plate bottom is produced into the bottom of overall pressing plate, leads to Cross local pressing plate carries out mechanical test to the local of sample, and sample can be heated by heating arrangement, by temperature Controller can control the temperature of heating arrangement, and then sample mechanical property at different temperatures can be tested.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of the portable rock mechanic multifunction testing instrument that the present invention is provided.
Specific embodiment
As shown in figure 1, this portable rock mechanic multifunction testing instrument, including base 1, described base 1 is provided with control Room processed 2, described control room 2 is provided with shear box 4, and the described middle part of shear box 4 is provided with the cavity 3 for placing sample, institute The side wall of the cavity 3 stated is provided with least one heating arrangement 5, and the described bottom of cavity 3 is provided with pressure sensor 6, described The single-chip microcomputer 7 being connected with heating arrangement 5 and the control of pressure sensor 6 is provided with control room 2, is connected with described single-chip microcomputer 7 Pressure-display device 8 and temperature controller 9, are connected with power supply architecture on described single-chip microcomputer 7, described base 1 is provided with and props up Support 10, described bracing frame 10 is provided with the pressure cylinder 11 positioned at the top of shear box 4, and the described lower section of pressure cylinder 11 is solid The pressure plate structure 12 for extruding sample is connected with, described pressure plate structure 12 includes overall pressing plate 13, described overall pressing plate 13 Sidepiece be provided with can be along the local pressing plate 14 of the longitudinally-moving of overall pressing plate 13.
Specifically, described heating arrangement 5 includes electric hot plate, and described pressure sensor 6 is arranged at the bottom of electric hot plate Mat insulation 15 is provided between portion, described pressure sensor 6 and electric hot plate.
Specifically, described pressure-display device 8 includes the display screen being arranged on control room 2, described temperature control Device processed 9 includes the TIP being arranged on control room 2, and described TIP can control the temperature of heating arrangement 5.
Specifically, described bracing frame 10 includes stand 16, and the top of described stand 16 is provided with cross bar 17, described Cross bar is provided with sliding shoe 18, and described pressure cylinder 11 is fixed on sliding shoe 18.
Specifically, the bottom of overall pressing plate 13 offers some grooves, and described local pressing plate 14 passes through screw rod 19 It is connected with the liftable of overall pressing plate 13, when described local pressing plate 14 is located in groove, the bottom surface of local pressing plate 14 is pressed with overall The bottom surface of plate 13 flushes.
Specifically, the described bottom symmetrical of overall pressing plate 13 is provided with two local pressing plates 14, and two described local are pressed A screw rod 19 is respectively equipped with plate 14, wherein a top of screw rod 19 is fixed with driving gear 20, another top of screw rod 19 The driven gear 21 engaged with driving gear 20 is fixed with, described driving gear 20 is provided with rotation handle 22.
Specifically, described power supply architecture includes the supply unit 23 in control room 2 or base 1, described Power line 24 is connected with supply unit 23, described base 1 is provided with the door body 25 that power supply source line 24 stretches out or is put into.
The present invention has small volume, is easy to carry, and can carry out overall mechanical test to sample by overall pressing plate 13, The local pressing plate 14 of the bottom of overall pressing plate 13 can also be produced the bottom of overall pressing plate 13, when producing local pressing plate 14, by turning Dynamic driving gear 20 is driven from gear 21, and then ensures that the vertical range that two symmetrically arranged local pressing plates 14 are produced is consistent, When carrying out mechanical test to the local of sample by local pressing plate 14, the vertical range that local pressing plate 14 is produced can be avoided from differing Cause and test result is impacted.And sample can be heated by heating arrangement, can be controlled by temperature controller The temperature of heating arrangement processed, and then sample mechanical property at different temperatures can be tested, pressure sensor 6 and electricity Mat insulation 15 is provided between hot plate, pressure sensor 6 is prevented from because temperature is too high to normal work.
Specific embodiment described herein is only explanation for example spiritual to the present invention.Technology neck belonging to of the invention The technical staff in domain can be made various modifications to described specific embodiment or supplement or replaced using similar mode Generation, but without departing from the spiritual of the present invention or surmount scope defined in appended claims.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of portable rock mechanic multifunction testing instrument, it is characterised in that including base(1), described base(1)On set There is control room(2), described control room(2)It is provided with shear box(4), described shear box(4)Middle part is provided with for placing sample The cavity of product(3), described cavity(3)Side wall be provided with least one heating arrangement(5), described cavity(3)Bottom sets There is pressure sensor(6), described control room(2)Inside it is provided with and heating arrangement(5)And pressure sensor(6)The list of control connection Piece machine(7), described single-chip microcomputer(7)On be connected with pressure-display device(8)And temperature controller(9), described single-chip microcomputer(7) On be connected with power supply architecture, described base(1)It is provided with bracing frame(10), described bracing frame(10)It is provided with positioned at shearing Box(4)The pressure cylinder of top(11), described pressure cylinder(11)The pressure plate structure having for extruding sample fixedly connected below (12), described pressure plate structure(12)Including overall pressing plate(13), described overall pressing plate(13)Sidepiece be provided with can be along whole Body pressing plate(13)The local pressing plate of longitudinally-moving(14).
2. portable rock mechanic multifunction testing instrument according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described heating arrangement (5)Including electric hot plate, described pressure sensor(6)It is arranged at the bottom of electric hot plate, described pressure sensor(6)With electric heating Mat insulation is provided between plate(15).
3. portable rock mechanic multifunction testing instrument according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described pressure shows Device(8)Including being arranged at control room(2)On display screen, described temperature controller(9)Including being arranged at control room(2)On TIP, described TIP can control heating arrangement(5)Temperature.
4. portable rock mechanic multifunction testing instrument according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described bracing frame (10)Including stand(16), described stand(16)Top be provided with cross bar(17), described cross bar is provided with sliding shoe(18), Described pressure cylinder(11)It is fixed on sliding shoe(18)On.
5. portable rock mechanic multifunction testing instrument according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The overall pressing plate (13)Bottom offers some grooves, described local pressing plate(14)By screw rod(19)With overall pressing plate(13)Liftable connects Connect, described local pressing plate(14)When in groove, local pressing plate(14)Bottom surface and overall pressing plate(13)Bottom surface it is mutually neat It is flat.
6. portable rock mechanic multifunction testing instrument according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Described overall pressing plate (13)Bottom symmetrical is provided with two local pressing plates(14), described two local pressing plates(14)On be respectively equipped with a screw rod (19), wherein a screw rod(19)Top is fixed with driving gear(20), another screw rod(19)Top is fixed with and driving tooth Wheel(20)The driven gear of engagement(21), described driving gear(20)It is provided with rotation handle(22).
7. portable rock mechanic multifunction testing instrument according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Described power supply architecture Including positioned at control room(2)Or base(1)Interior supply unit(23), described supply unit(23)On be connected with power line (24), described base(1)It is provided with power supply source line(24)The door body stretched out or be put into(25).
CN201611178776.8A 2016-12-19 2016-12-19 A kind of portable rock mechanic multifunction testing instrument Active CN106596293B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611178776.8A CN106596293B (en) 2016-12-19 2016-12-19 A kind of portable rock mechanic multifunction testing instrument

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611178776.8A CN106596293B (en) 2016-12-19 2016-12-19 A kind of portable rock mechanic multifunction testing instrument

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CN106596293B CN106596293B (en) 2019-11-01

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1619285A (en) * 2004-10-29 2005-05-25 成都理工大学 Portable rock mechanic multifunction testing instrument
CN201258300Y (en) * 2008-05-28 2009-06-17 西安超码科技有限公司 Shaping and correcting apparatus of carbon/carbon board
CN103785714A (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-05-14 万世泰金属工业(昆山)有限公司 Metal plate local straightening device
CN205187503U (en) * 2015-09-18 2016-04-27 江苏泰通新材料有限公司 Automatic trade a set tangent line device
CN105751390A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-07-13 中国科学院武汉岩土力学研究所 Cutting device and geomaterial direct shear apparatus
CN106124343A (en) * 2016-08-25 2016-11-16 绍兴文理学院 The pilot system of THMC coupling during consideration rock joint shear

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1619285A (en) * 2004-10-29 2005-05-25 成都理工大学 Portable rock mechanic multifunction testing instrument
CN201258300Y (en) * 2008-05-28 2009-06-17 西安超码科技有限公司 Shaping and correcting apparatus of carbon/carbon board
CN103785714A (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-05-14 万世泰金属工业(昆山)有限公司 Metal plate local straightening device
CN205187503U (en) * 2015-09-18 2016-04-27 江苏泰通新材料有限公司 Automatic trade a set tangent line device
CN105751390A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-07-13 中国科学院武汉岩土力学研究所 Cutting device and geomaterial direct shear apparatus
CN106124343A (en) * 2016-08-25 2016-11-16 绍兴文理学院 The pilot system of THMC coupling during consideration rock joint shear

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