CN105751390A - Cutting device and geomaterial direct shear apparatus - Google Patents

Cutting device and geomaterial direct shear apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105751390A
CN105751390A CN201610171957.1A CN201610171957A CN105751390A CN 105751390 A CN105751390 A CN 105751390A CN 201610171957 A CN201610171957 A CN 201610171957A CN 105751390 A CN105751390 A CN 105751390A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
handgrip
cut
force
plate
temperature
Prior art date
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Granted
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CN201610171957.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105751390B (en
Inventor
孙冠华
林珊
程圣国
郑宏
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Wuhan Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics of CAS
China Three Gorges University
Original Assignee
Wuhan Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics of CAS
China Three Gorges University
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Application filed by Wuhan Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics of CAS, China Three Gorges University filed Critical Wuhan Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics of CAS
Priority to CN201610171957.1A priority Critical patent/CN105751390B/en
Publication of CN105751390A publication Critical patent/CN105751390A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28DWORKING STONE OR STONE-LIKE MATERIALS
    • B28D1/00Working stone or stone-like materials, e.g. brick, concrete or glass, not provided for elsewhere; Machines, devices, tools therefor
    • B28D1/22Working stone or stone-like materials, e.g. brick, concrete or glass, not provided for elsewhere; Machines, devices, tools therefor by cutting, e.g. incising
    • B28D1/222Working stone or stone-like materials, e.g. brick, concrete or glass, not provided for elsewhere; Machines, devices, tools therefor by cutting, e.g. incising by pressing, e.g. presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28DWORKING STONE OR STONE-LIKE MATERIALS
    • B28D7/00Accessories specially adapted for use with machines or devices of the preceding groups
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28DWORKING STONE OR STONE-LIKE MATERIALS
    • B28D7/00Accessories specially adapted for use with machines or devices of the preceding groups
    • B28D7/04Accessories specially adapted for use with machines or devices of the preceding groups for supporting or holding work or conveying or discharging work
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N3/00Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress
    • G01N3/24Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress by applying steady shearing forces

Abstract

The invention discloses a cutting device and a geomaterial direct shear apparatus and belongs to the technical field of cutters. The cutting device comprises a first tongs, a second tongs, a force arm, a fixed part, a stepping driving mechanism and a temperature adjusting device, wherein an accommodating space is formed between the first tongs and the second tongs; a to-be-cut object is divided into a first part and a second part and accommodated in the accommodating space to ensure that the first part is clamped by the first tongs and the second part is clamped by the second tongs; the temperature adjusting device is used for adjusting the temperature in the accommodating space; one end of the force arm is fixedly connected at the right side of the first tongs and the other end of the force arm is propped against the fixed part; and the stepping driving mechanism is used for providing a rightward acting force to the second tongs. The geomaterial direct shear apparatus comprises the cutting device. The cutting device has the advantages that the temperature of the to-be-cut object per se can be adjusted and the experimental study is carried out without changing the environment temperature, so that the operation is convenient and much energy can be saved.

Description

Cutter sweep and rock-soil material direct shear apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to cutting-tool engineering field, particularly relate to a kind of cutter sweep and rock-soil material direct shear apparatus.
Background technology
In prior art, the cutter sweep of application occurs with the form of cutter mostly, it can only be treated cut substrate under ambient temperature conditions and cut, and cannot pass through self to arrange different temperature parameters, therefore, need in the process of test and the execute-in-place that the relation between temperature parameter itself and thing to be cut is studied at some, require over the mode changing ambient temperature to carry out, owing to environmental field is big, when in this way temperature parameter being studied, needing environment to be heated or freezes, the energy of consuming is more.
Specific to Geotechnical Engineering field, direct shear test is a kind of common method measuring rock soil classifiction, generally adopt four samples, respectively under different pressure at right angles, apply horizontal shear force to shear, measure shear stress during destruction, then determine soil classifiction index according to Coulomb's law: internalfrictionangleφ and cohesive strength c.Geotechnical Engineering personnel research shows, the change of weak structural face intensity is that comparison is significant for rock stability impact.In ground physical experiments, as rock slope model etc. reduces often caused by the intensity of Weak face.Therefore, in physical experiments, engineers and technicians have developed the material that shearing strength varies with temperature.But, come out but without the direct shear apparatus that rock-soil material to be cut under condition of different temperatures can be carried out direct shear test, therefore, it is also difficult to the relation between cutting performance and the temperature conditions of rock-soil material to be cut is studied.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the present invention provides a kind of cutter sweep and rock-soil material direct shear apparatus, its temperature that can treat cut substrate self is adjusted, without passing through to change the mode research experiment of ambient temperature, it is not only easy to operate, and the substantial amounts of energy can be saved, thus more suitable for practicality.
In order to reach above-mentioned first purpose, the technical scheme of cutter sweep provided by the invention is as follows:
Cutter sweep provided by the invention includes the first handgrip, the second handgrip, the arm of force, fixture, step-by-step movement driving mechanism, temperature-adjusting device,
Accommodation space is formed between described first handgrip and the second handgrip;
Thing to be cut is divided into Part I, Part II, and described thing to be cut is placed in described accommodation space so that described Part I is clamped by described first handgrip, and described Part II is clamped by described second handgrip;
Described temperature-adjusting device is for regulating the temperature in described accommodation space;
One end of the described arm of force is fixedly connected on the right side of described first handgrip, and the other end of the described arm of force is resisted against described fixture;
Described step-by-step movement driving mechanism is for providing active force to the right to described second handgrip.
Cutter sweep provided by the invention also can be applied to the following technical measures to achieve further.
As preferably, described accommodation space is a closed accommodation space.
As preferably, described step-by-step movement driving mechanism includes step-by-step movement driving link, can apply active force to the right to the Part II of described thing to be cut by the output shaft of described step-by-step movement driving link.
As preferably, described cutter sweep also includes carrying dolly, and described carrying dolly includes loading plate and rolling member,
Described rolling member is arranged at bottom described loading plate;
Described second handgrip is fixedly installed on above described loading plate;
The output shaft of described step-by-step movement driving link is resisted against the left side of described loading plate.
As preferably, described loading plate is provided with groove, and when described second handgrip coordinates with described loading plate, described second handgrip can agree with mutually with described groove.
As preferably, the edge of described loading plate is provided with flange, and the height of described flange is higher than the height of described loading plate.
As preferably, the length of the described arm of force is in the right side edge of described second handgrip beyond described loading plate.
As preferably, described cutter sweep also includes force measuring machine, and described force measuring machine is for measuring the active force that the described arm of force bears.
As preferably, described ergometer includes the first pulley, the second pulley, the 3rd pulley, rigid connector, ergometer,
Described fixture includes horizontal plate and vertical plate, and described vertical plate is fixedly connected on the right side of described horizontal plate, and the dihedral angle between described vertical plate and described horizontal plate is 90 °,
Described ergometer is fixedly connected on described fixture,
First end of described rigid connector is supported mutually with the described arm of force, and the second end of described rigid connector is fixedly connected on described ergometer,
Described rigid connector includes the first horizontal part, vertical portion and the second horizontal part that are fixedly connected sequentially, described first end is in the left end of described first horizontal part, described vertical portion is fixedly connected on the right-hand member of described first horizontal part and the second horizontal part, described second end is in the left end of described second horizontal part
Described first pulley is arranged at described first end, and described second pulley is arranged between described vertical portion and described vertical plate, and described 3rd pulley is arranged between described second horizontal part and horizontal plate.
As preferably, described temperature-adjusting device includes heating plate and controls terminal, and described heating plate is used for heating for described thing to be cut,
Described control terminal is used for controlling startup or the braking of described heating plate,
Communication mode between described control terminal and described heating plate is selected from wire communication or radio communication.
As preferably, described temperature-adjusting device also includes temperature sensor, and described temperature sensor is used for detecting the temperature of described thing to be cut,
Described control terminal is additionally operable to gather the temperature value of described thing to be cut;
Communication mode between described control terminal and described heating plate is selected from wire communication or radio communication.
As preferably, described wire communication is selected from the one in RS-232, RS-485, USB, I2C, TWI, SPI, 1WIRE, Ethernet interface.
As preferably, described first handgrip is provided with the first through hole, for the traverse of described communication line.
As preferably, described radio communication is selected from Bluetooth technology, Wi-Fi, 4G, the one in 3G, GPRS, zigbee.
In order to reach above-mentioned second purpose, the technical scheme of rock-soil material direct shear apparatus provided by the invention is as follows:
Rock-soil material direct shear apparatus provided by the invention includes cutter sweep provided by the invention, press perpendicular mechanism, thermal insulation barriers,
Described thing to be cut is rock-soil material to be cut;
Described first handgrip includes shear box, upper porous disc, described upper shear box is the first tubular structure, described upper porous disc is plugged in the top of described first tubular structure, and described press perpendicular mechanism for applying downward pressure to it above described rock-soil material to be cut;
Described second handgrip includes down cut box, lower porous disc, and described down cut box is the second tubular structure, and described lower porous disc is plugged in the bottom of described second tubular structure;
Described thermal insulation barriers is coated on the outside of described rock-soil material to be cut, upper porous disc, lower porous disc.
Rock-soil material direct shear apparatus provided by the invention also can be applied to the following technical measures to achieve further.
As preferably, described rock-soil material direct shear apparatus also includes displacement meter,
Described displacement meter is for measuring the shift value of described press perpendicular mechanism.
As preferably, described thermal insulation barriers being additionally provided with the second through hole, for the traverse of described communication line.
Cutter sweep provided by the invention is when application, step-by-step movement driving mechanism applies active force to the right to the Part II of thing to be cut, by the transmission of power, be equivalent to step-by-step movement driving mechanism and apply active force to the right to the Part II of thing to be cut, now, owing to the arm of force fixture being arranged on the right side of the first handgrip is supported, it is subject to the restriction of activity space, by the transmission of power, the Part I of this thing to be cut is subject to active force to the left, under the combined effect of this active force to the right and active force to the left, this thing to be cut is cut at the section part of this first handgrip and the second handgrip;In addition, owing to this temperature-adjusting device is arranged in the accommodation space being made up of the first handgrip and the second handgrip, the temperature having only to change in this accommodation space can change the ambient temperature of this thing to be cut, therefore, in research temperature when the relation of shear force, without realizing the change of temperature by changing bigger ambient temperature, the energy of consumption is little.
Rock-soil material direct shear apparatus provided by the invention includes cutter sweep provided by the invention, when the relation of rock-soil material shear force to be cut Yu temperature is studied, can not only utilize the shearing function of this cutter sweep, meanwhile, saves the energy.Additionally, selecting it can be avoided that temperature losses that rock-soil material to be cut is heated of thermal insulation barriers, further save the energy;Upper porous disc, lower porous disc selection the water when being squeezed out after rock-soil material pressurized to be cut can be passed through, thus ensureing the smooth application of press perpendicular mechanism;If not selecting porous disc and lower porous disc, the water being squeezed out from rock-soil material to be cut can be trapped in accommodation space, owing to solid and liquid all have incompressible character, press perpendicular mechanism can be caused smoothly rock-soil material to be cut to be pressed.
Accompanying drawing explanation
By reading hereafter detailed description of the preferred embodiment, various other advantage and benefit those of ordinary skill in the art be will be clear from understanding.Accompanying drawing is only for illustrating the purpose of preferred implementation, and is not considered as limitation of the present invention.And in whole accompanying drawing, it is denoted by the same reference numerals identical parts.In the accompanying drawings:
The broken section structural representation of the rock-soil material direct shear apparatus that Fig. 1 provides for the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 2 is the partial enlargement structural representation of part A in Fig. 1;
The broken section structural representation of the rock-soil material direct shear apparatus that Fig. 3 provides for the embodiment of the present invention two;
Fig. 4 is the partial enlargement structural representation of part B in Fig. 3.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention solves prior art Problems existing, a kind of cutter sweep and rock-soil material direct shear apparatus are provided, its temperature that can treat cut substrate self is adjusted, without passing through to change the mode research experiment of ambient temperature, it is not only easy to operate, and the substantial amounts of energy can be saved, thus more suitable for practicality.
For further setting forth that the present invention reaches technological means and effect that predetermined goal of the invention is taked, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and preferred embodiment, to the cutter sweep proposed according to the present invention and rock-soil material direct shear apparatus, its detailed description of the invention, structure, feature and effect thereof, describe in detail as after.In the following description, what different " embodiments " or " embodiment " referred to is not necessarily same embodiment.Additionally, special characteristic in one or more embodiment, structure or feature can be combined by any suitable form.
The terms "and/or", is only a kind of incidence relation describing affiliated partner, and expression can exist three kinds of relations, such as, A and/or B, concrete is interpreted as: can include A and B simultaneously, can individualism A, it is also possible to individualism B, it is possible to possess above-mentioned three kinds of any one situations.
Embodiment one
Referring to accompanying drawing 1 and accompanying drawing 2, cutter sweep provided by the invention includes the first handgrip, the second handgrip, arm of force 32-33, fixture, step-by-step movement driving mechanism 22-2-1-23, temperature-adjusting device 17-16-15, forms accommodation space between the first handgrip and the second handgrip;Thing to be cut is divided into Part I, Part II, and thing to be cut is placed in accommodation space so that Part I is clamped by the first handgrip, and Part II is clamped by the second handgrip;Temperature-adjusting device 17-16-15 is for regulating the temperature in accommodation space;One end of arm of force 32-33 is fixedly connected on the right side of the first handgrip, and the other end of the arm of force is resisted against fixture;Step-by-step movement driving mechanism 22-2-1-23 is for providing active force to the right to the second handgrip.
Cutter sweep provided by the invention is when application, step-by-step movement driving mechanism 22-2-1-23 applies active force to the right to the Part II of thing to be cut, by the transmission of power, be equivalent to step-by-step movement driving mechanism 22-2-1-23 and apply active force to the right to the Part II of thing to be cut, now, owing to the arm of force 32-33 fixture being arranged on the right side of the first handgrip is supported, it is subject to the restriction of activity space, by the transmission of power, the Part I of this thing to be cut is subject to active force to the left, under the combined effect of this active force to the right and active force to the left, this thing to be cut is cut at the section part of this first handgrip and the second handgrip;In addition, owing to this temperature-adjusting device 17-16-15 is arranged in the accommodation space being made up of the first handgrip and the second handgrip, the temperature having only to change in this accommodation space can change the ambient temperature of this thing to be cut, therefore, in research temperature when the relation of shear force, without realizing the change of temperature by changing bigger ambient temperature, the energy of consumption is little.
Wherein, accommodation space is a closed accommodation space.Thus reducing heat energy loss.
Wherein, step-by-step movement driving mechanism 17-16-15 includes step-by-step movement driving link 1-2, can apply active force to the right to the Part II of thing to be cut by the output shaft 23 of step-by-step movement driving link 1-2.
Wherein, cutter sweep also includes carrying dolly 10, and carrying dolly 10 includes loading plate and rolling member 13, and rolling member 13 is arranged at bottom loading plate;Second handgrip is fixedly installed on above loading plate;The output shaft 23 of step-by-step movement driving link 1-2 is resisted against the left side of loading plate.In this way, it is possible to the force of sliding friction between the second handgrip and ground or operating board is converted to the force of rolling friction between rolling member 13 and ground or operating board, the frictional force impact on result of the test is reduced.
Wherein, loading plate is provided with groove 24, and when the second handgrip coordinates with loading plate, the second handgrip can agree with groove 24 phase.Thus ensureing between the second handgrip and loading plate without relative motion.
Wherein, the edge of loading plate is provided with flange, and the height of flange is higher than the height of loading plate.Thus ensureing that the output shaft 23 of the step-by-step movement driving link 1-2 application point when applying active force to loading plate is reliable.
Wherein, the length of arm of force 32-33 is in the right side edge of the second handgrip beyond loading plate.Thus ensureing that arm of force 32-33 can have leeway to bear the active force to the left from fixture, when the length of arm of force 32-33 is in the right side edge of the second handgrip less than loading plate, active force to the left from fixture can only act on loading plate, and cannot treat cut substrate and apply shear force.
Wherein, cutter sweep also includes force measuring machine, and described force measuring machine is for measuring the arm of force 32-33 active force born.
nullWherein,Ergometer includes the first pulley 34、Second pulley 35、3rd pulley 36、Rigid connector 11、Ergometer 12,Fixture includes horizontal plate 27 and vertical plate 28,Vertical plate 28 is fixedly connected on the right side of horizontal plate 27,Dihedral angle between vertical plate 28 and horizontal plate 27 is 90 °,Ergometer 12 is fixedly connected on fixture 27-28,First end of rigid connector 11 is supported with arm of force 32-33 phase,Second end of rigid connector 11 is fixedly connected on ergometer 12,Rigid connector 11 includes the first horizontal part being fixedly connected sequentially、Vertical portion and the second horizontal part,First end is in the left end of the first horizontal part,Vertical portion is fixedly connected on the first horizontal part and the right-hand member of the second horizontal part,Second end is in the left end of the second horizontal part,First pulley 34 is arranged at the first end,Second pulley 35 is arranged between vertical portion and vertical plate 28,3rd pulley 36 is arranged between the second horizontal part and horizontal plate 27.By this first pulley the 34, second pulley the 35, the 3rd pulley 36, it is possible to change the installation site of ergometer 12 so that the cutter sweep that the embodiment of the present invention provides saves floor space more.
In the present embodiment, arm of force 32-33 includes level and divides arm 32 and vertically divide arm 33, this vertically point arm 33 and this level divide there is between arm 32 angle in 90 °, in this case, arm of force 32-33 can have enough area carryings active force to the left from fixture.
Wherein, temperature-adjusting device 17-16-15 includes heating plate 15 and controls terminal 17, heating plate 15, for heating for thing to be cut, controls terminal 17 for controlling startup or the braking of heating plate 15, controls the communication mode between terminal 17 and heating plate 15 selected from wire communication.
Wherein, temperature-adjusting device 17-16-15 also includes temperature sensor (not shown), and temperature sensor (not shown), for detecting the temperature of thing to be cut, controls terminal 17 and is additionally operable to gather the temperature value of thing to be cut;The communication mode controlled between terminal 17 and heating plate 15 is wire communication.
Wherein, wire communication one in RS-232, RS-485, USB, I2C, TWI, SPI, 1WIRE, Ethernet interface.
Wherein, the first handgrip is provided with the first through hole 29, passes for communication line.
In the present embodiment, rock-soil material direct shear apparatus includes cutter sweep provided by the invention, press perpendicular mechanism 4-31-6, thermal insulation barriers 18-19-20-21, and thing to be cut is rock-soil material 14 to be cut;First handgrip includes shear box 9, upper porous disc 7, and upper shear box 9 is in the first tubular structure, and upper porous disc 7 is plugged in the top of the first tubular structure, and press perpendicular mechanism 4-31-6 for applying downward pressure to it above rock-soil material 14 to be cut;Second handgrip includes down cut box 3, lower porous disc 8, and down cut box 3 is in the second tubular structure, and lower porous disc 8 is plugged in the bottom of the second tubular structure;Thermal insulation barriers 18-19-20-21 is coated on the outside of rock-soil material 14 to be cut, upper porous disc 7, lower porous disc 8.
Rock-soil material direct shear apparatus provided by the invention includes cutter sweep provided by the invention, when the relation of rock-soil material shear force to be cut Yu temperature is studied, can not only utilize the shearing function of this cutter sweep, meanwhile, saves the energy.Additionally, thermal insulation barriers 18-19-20-21 select it can be avoided that to rock-soil material 14 to be cut heating temperature losses, further save the energy;Upper porous disc 7, lower porous disc 8 selection the water when being squeezed out after rock-soil material 14 pressurized to be cut can be passed through, thus ensureing the smooth application of press perpendicular mechanism 4-31-6;If not selecting porous disc 7 and lower porous disc 8, the water being squeezed out from rock-soil material 14 to be cut can be trapped in accommodation space, owing to solid and liquid all have incompressible character, press perpendicular mechanism 4-31-6 can be caused smoothly rock-soil material 14 to be cut to be pressed.
Wherein, rock-soil material direct shear apparatus also includes displacement meter 5, and displacement meter 5 is for measuring the shift value of press perpendicular mechanism 4-31-6.In the present embodiment, control terminal 17 to can be also used for receiving the data from displacement meter 5, ergometer 12, and for from temperature sensor (not shown), displacement meter 5, ergometer 12 data be analyzed, the computing formula of this analysis software can also be set to an APP, as required, directly result is analyzed by this APP output.
Wherein, thermal insulation barriers is additionally provided with the second through hole 30, passes for communication line.
Embodiment two
Referring to accompanying drawing 3 and accompanying drawing 4, the cutter sweep of the embodiment of the present invention one offer and the basis of rock-soil material direct shear apparatus improve, in the cutter sweep provided in the embodiment of the present invention and rock-soil material direct shear apparatus, the communication mode controlled between terminal 17 and heating plate 15 is radio communication, radio communication is selected from Bluetooth technology, Wi-Fi, 4G, the one in 3G, GPRS, zigbee.In this case, without processing the first through hole 29 on upper shear box 9 or down cut box 3, without processing the second through hole 30 on thermal insulation barriers 18-19-20-21, and, the moving range of the 17 of control terminal is bigger, it is also possible to further by remotely realizing the control to heating plate 15.
Although preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described, but those skilled in the art are once know basic creative concept, then these embodiments can be made other change and amendment.So, claims are intended to be construed to include preferred embodiment and fall into all changes and the amendment of the scope of the invention.
Obviously, the present invention can be carried out various change and modification without deviating from the spirit and scope of the present invention by those skilled in the art.So, if these amendments of the present invention and modification belong within the scope of the claims in the present invention and equivalent technologies thereof, then the present invention is also intended to comprise these change and modification.

Claims (10)

1. a cutter sweep, it is characterised in that include the first handgrip, the second handgrip, the arm of force, fixture, step-by-step movement driving mechanism, temperature-adjusting device,
Accommodation space is formed between described first handgrip and the second handgrip;
Thing to be cut is divided into Part I, Part II, and described thing to be cut is placed in described accommodation space so that described Part I is clamped by described first handgrip, and described Part II is clamped by described second handgrip;
Described temperature-adjusting device is for regulating the temperature in described accommodation space;
One end of the described arm of force is fixedly connected on the right side of described first handgrip, and the other end of the described arm of force is resisted against described fixture;
Described step-by-step movement driving mechanism is for providing active force to the right to described second handgrip.
2. cutter sweep according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described accommodation space is a closed accommodation space.
3. cutter sweep according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described step-by-step movement driving mechanism includes step-by-step movement driving link, can apply active force to the right to the Part II of described thing to be cut by the output shaft of described step-by-step movement driving link.
4. cutter sweep according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also including carrying dolly, described carrying dolly includes loading plate and rolling member,
Described rolling member is arranged at bottom described loading plate;
Described second handgrip is fixedly installed on above described loading plate;
The output shaft of described step-by-step movement driving link is resisted against the left side of described loading plate;
As preferably, described loading plate is provided with groove, and when described second handgrip coordinates with described loading plate, described second handgrip can agree with mutually with described groove;
As preferably, the edge of described loading plate is provided with flange, and the height of described flange is higher than the height of described loading plate;
As preferably, the length of the described arm of force is in the right side edge of described second handgrip beyond described loading plate.
5. cutter sweep according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also include force measuring machine, described force measuring machine is for measuring the active force that the described arm of force bears;
As preferably, described ergometer includes the first pulley, the second pulley, the 3rd pulley, rigid connector, ergometer,
Described fixture includes horizontal plate and vertical plate, and described vertical plate is fixedly connected on the right side of described horizontal plate, and the dihedral angle between described vertical plate and described horizontal plate is 90 °,
Described ergometer is fixedly connected on described fixture,
First end of described rigid connector is supported mutually with the described arm of force, and the second end of described rigid connector is fixedly connected on described ergometer,
Described rigid connector includes the first horizontal part, vertical portion and the second horizontal part that are fixedly connected sequentially, described first end is in the left end of described first horizontal part, described vertical portion is fixedly connected on the right-hand member of described first horizontal part and the second horizontal part, described second end is in the left end of described second horizontal part
Described first pulley is arranged at described first end, and described second pulley is arranged between described vertical portion and described vertical plate, and described 3rd pulley is arranged between described second horizontal part and horizontal plate.
6. cutter sweep according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described temperature-adjusting device includes heating plate and controls terminal, described heating plate is used for heating for described thing to be cut,
Described control terminal is used for controlling startup or the braking of described heating plate,
Communication mode between described control terminal and described heating plate is selected from wire communication or radio communication;
As preferably, described temperature-adjusting device also includes temperature sensor, and described temperature sensor is used for detecting the temperature of described thing to be cut,
Described control terminal is additionally operable to gather the temperature value of described thing to be cut;
Communication mode between described control terminal and described heating plate is selected from wire communication or radio communication.
7. cutter sweep according to claim 6, it is characterised in that described wire communication one in RS-232, RS-485, USB, I2C, TWI, SPI, 1WIRE, Ethernet interface;
As preferably, described first handgrip is provided with the first through hole, for the traverse of described communication line.
8. cutter sweep according to claim 6, it is characterised in that described radio communication is selected from Bluetooth technology, Wi-Fi, 4G, the one in 3G, GPRS, zigbee.
9. a rock-soil material direct shear apparatus, it is characterised in that include arbitrary described cutter sweep, press perpendicular mechanism, thermal insulation barriers in claim 1~8,
Described thing to be cut is rock-soil material to be cut;
Described first handgrip includes shear box, upper porous disc, described upper shear box is the first tubular structure, described upper porous disc is plugged in the top of described first tubular structure, and described press perpendicular mechanism for applying downward pressure to it above described rock-soil material to be cut;
Described second handgrip includes down cut box, lower porous disc, and described down cut box is the second tubular structure, and described lower porous disc is plugged in the bottom of described second tubular structure;
Described thermal insulation barriers is coated on the outside of described rock-soil material to be cut, upper porous disc, lower porous disc;
As preferably, described rock-soil material direct shear apparatus also includes displacement meter,
Described displacement meter is for measuring the shift value of described press perpendicular mechanism.
10. rock-soil material direct shear apparatus according to claim 9, it is characterised in that described cutter sweep is the cutter sweep described in claim 7, described thermal insulation barriers is additionally provided with the second through hole, for the traverse of described communication line.
CN201610171957.1A 2016-03-24 2016-03-24 Cutter device and rock-soil material direct shear apparatus Active CN105751390B (en)

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Cited By (3)

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