CN106586102B - Automatic box folding machine - Google Patents

Automatic box folding machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106586102B
CN106586102B CN201710038511.6A CN201710038511A CN106586102B CN 106586102 B CN106586102 B CN 106586102B CN 201710038511 A CN201710038511 A CN 201710038511A CN 106586102 B CN106586102 B CN 106586102B
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China
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box
plate
folding
driving
paperboard
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CN201710038511.6A
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CN106586102A (en
Inventor
杨青山
饶刚
付戬
刘钦
殷维
李巧芸
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Wuhan University of Science and Engineering WUSE
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Wuhan University of Science and Engineering WUSE
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Publication of CN106586102A publication Critical patent/CN106586102A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • B65B43/08Forming three-dimensional containers from sheet material
    • B65B43/10Forming three-dimensional containers from sheet material by folding the material

Abstract

The invention discloses a box folding machine, comprising: a body panel; the first driving mechanism is arranged on the bottom plate; the pressing mechanism is connected with the first driving mechanism; the first box folding mechanism is connected with the partition plate and used for folding the lateral ears of the paper board; the second box folding mechanism is connected with the middle plate and is used for folding the box side part and the box turning block of the paperboard; the third box folding mechanism is connected with the bottom plate and used for folding the box top of the paperboard; the fourth box folding mechanism is connected with the pressing mechanism and used for folding the box top ears of the paper boards, so that the automatic box folding of the paper boards is realized, the working efficiency is improved, the stability of quality can be guaranteed, and the technical problems that in the prior art, small commodities are packaged through manual folding, the existing working efficiency is low, and the quality stability is poor are solved.

Description

Automatic box folding machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of packaging machinery, in particular to an automatic box folding machine.
Background
With the development of electronic commerce, the express industry has also been greatly developed, and for some retailers selling small commodities (such as electronic products), the small commodities are often required to be packaged due to the large commodity output quantity.
In the prior art, the packaging is generally performed by purchasing corrugated cardboard and manually folding the corrugated cardboard, or purchasing a formed carton.
The inventor of the present application finds that at least the following technical problems exist in the prior art in the specific implementation process:
the existing method for packaging small commodities by manual folding has the defects of high labor intensity and low working efficiency due to a large number of commodities to be packaged, and in addition, the manual packaging cannot ensure the packaging quality.
Disclosure of Invention
The application provides an automatic box machine rolls over has solved and has packed little commodity through manual folding among the prior art, the work efficiency who exists is low, the poor technical problem of quality stability.
The application provides a roll over box machine, roll over box machine includes:
an automatic box folding machine is applied to a model paperboard, and comprises:
the main body plate comprises a top plate, a partition plate, a bottom plate, side plates and a middle plate, wherein the top plate, the side plates and the middle plate form a concave space for folding the paperboard, the partition plate, the middle plate and the bottom plate are arranged in parallel, and the partition plate divides the top plate and the bottom plate into two layers of spaces;
the first driving mechanism is arranged on the bottom plate;
the pressing mechanism is connected with the first driving mechanism and comprises a first supporting piece, a first transmission rod, a pressing plate and a first driving piece, wherein the pressing plate and the first supporting piece are integrally formed, the first supporting piece is in threaded connection with the upper portion of the first transmission rod, the lower portion of the first transmission rod is connected with the first driving mechanism, and the pressing plate is driven by the first transmission rod to move up and down to press the paperboard;
the first box folding mechanism is connected with the partition plate and used for folding the lateral ears of the paperboard;
the second box folding mechanism is connected with the middle plate and is used for folding the box side parts and the box turning blocks of the paper boards;
the third box folding mechanism is connected with the bottom plate and used for folding the box top of the paperboard;
the fourth box folding mechanism is connected with the pressing mechanism and is used for folding the box top ears of the paper boards;
wherein, the distance between the top plate and the middle plate is larger than the width of the box side part of the paperboard, and the width of the lower pressing plate is smaller than the width of the middle plate.
Preferably, the first box folding mechanism comprises:
the second driving piece is arranged on the partition board;
the first pushing handle is connected with the second driving piece, and under the driving of the second driving piece, the lateral ears of the paperboard can be folded by entering the concave space through the grooves of the lateral plates.
Preferably, the second folding mechanism includes:
a first plate comprising a first circular shaft passing through a 1/4 circular slot of the intermediate plate;
and the second plate comprises a second round shaft, the second round shaft penetrates through the first round hole in the middle plate, and the second round hole of the second plate penetrates through the first round shaft.
Preferably, the third folding box mechanism comprises: second driving medium, pushing hands skeleton, second pushing hands, hold-in range, third driving piece and fourth driving piece, the third driving piece set up in on the bottom plate, the lower part of second driving medium with the third driving piece is connected, the pushing hands skeleton with the upper portion threaded connection of second driving medium, the hold-in range set up in on the pushing hands skeleton, the fourth driving piece with the one end of hold-in range is connected, the second pushing hands with the other end of hold-in range is connected, the second pushing hands is in control under the effect of hold-in range and remove, in order to fold the box top of cardboard.
Preferably, the fourth box folding mechanism includes: the connecting rod, the crank, the third pushing handle and the fifth driving piece are arranged on the pressing mechanism, and the crank is connected with the fifth driving piece; the one end of connecting rod with the crank pin is connected, the other end of connecting rod with third pushing hands pin junction, just third pushing hands through the hole with the cooperation of the fourth circle axle of pushing down the mechanism, wind the fourth circle axle is rotatory in order to fold the box top ear of cardboard.
Preferably, the box folding machine further comprises: and the adjusting mechanism is connected with the main body plate so as to adjust the height of the paperboard.
Preferably, the adjustment mechanism comprises: the double-shaft cylinder is fixed below the main body plate and comprises two extending shafts, and the movable plate is fixedly connected with the extending shafts and enters the concave space under the driving of the extending shafts.
Preferably, the box folding machine further comprises a fixing mechanism, and the fixing mechanism is connected with the main body plate so as to fix the box top ears of the paper boards.
Preferably, the fixing mechanism comprises a retaining rod and a cylinder, the cylinder is fixed on the main body plate, and the retaining rod passes through a hole in the main body plate and is connected with the cylinder.
Preferably, the lower part of the second transmission member is connected with the third driving member through a coupler, and the third driving member is a motor.
The beneficial effects of this application are as follows:
above-mentioned box folding machine is through setting up main part plate, first actuating mechanism, pushing down mechanism, first box mechanism, second box mechanism, third box mechanism and fourth box mechanism of rolling over, through first actuating mechanism's effect, pushing down mechanism can be at plumb bob direction up-and-down motion, can compress tightly the cardboard during the downstream, the distance of roof and intermediate lamella is greater than the box side width of cardboard, the width of holding down plate is less than the width of intermediate lamella can make when the box bottom of cardboard pastes with concave space down, the equal perpendicular roof of the all main part plate of the piece that stretches out, box top, box lateral part, lateral part ear of carton and fixed, rethread first box mechanism of rolling over folding lateral part ear, the second box mechanism of cardboard are folding the box lateral part and the box of cardboard turn over folding piece, the folding of third box mechanism the box top of cardboard, the folding of fourth box mechanism of folding box top ear of cardboard have realized the automatic box folding of cardboard, have improved work efficiency and can guarantee the stability of quality, have solved and have the technical problem of the small work efficiency of manual packing among the commodity technique of quality difference.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention.
FIGS. 1-2 are front views of a box folder in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a left side view of the box folder of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a top view of the hold-down mechanism of the folder of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 isbase:Sub>A schematic cross-sectional view A-A of the box folding machine of FIG. 1;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of a paperboard used in the embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of a main body panel according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of a frame of a pushing handle according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the structure of the first plate and the second plate in a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a first pushing handle according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic structural view of a second pushing handle according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 12 is a schematic structural view of a third pushing handle according to a preferred embodiment of the invention.
Detailed Description
The embodiment of the application provides an automatic roll over box machine, has solved among the prior art through manual folding pack small commodity, the technical problem of the work efficiency low, the poor quality stability who exists.
In order to solve the technical problems, the general idea of the embodiment of the application is as follows:
an automatic box folding machine is applied to a model paperboard, and comprises: the main body plate comprises a top plate, a partition plate, a bottom plate, side plates and a middle plate, wherein the top plate, the side plates and the middle plate form a concave space for folding the paperboard, the partition plate, the middle plate and the bottom plate are arranged in parallel, and the partition plate divides the top plate and the bottom plate into two layers of spaces; the first driving mechanism is arranged on the bottom plate; the pressing mechanism is connected with the first driving mechanism and comprises a first supporting piece, a first transmission rod, a pressing plate and a first driving piece, wherein the pressing plate and the first supporting piece are integrally formed, the first supporting piece is in threaded connection with the upper portion of the first transmission rod, the lower portion of the first transmission rod is connected with the first driving mechanism, and the pressing plate moves up and down to press the paperboard under the driving of the transmission rod; the first box folding mechanism is connected with the partition plate and used for folding the lateral ears of the paperboard; the second box folding mechanism is connected with the middle plate and is used for folding the box side part and the box turning block of the paperboard; the third box folding mechanism is connected with the bottom plate and used for folding the box top of the paperboard; the fourth box folding mechanism is connected with the pressing mechanism and used for folding the box top ears of the paper board; wherein, the distance between the top plate and the middle plate is larger than the width of the box side part of the paperboard, and the width of the lower pressing plate is smaller than the width of the middle plate.
Above-mentioned box folding machine passes through first actuating mechanism's effect, pushing down the mechanism and can compressing tightly the cardboard during the downstream at plummet orientation up-and-down motion, the distance of roof and intermediate lamella is greater than the box side width of cardboard, the width of pushing down the board is less than the width of intermediate lamella can make when the box bottom of cardboard is laminated with recessed space, and the piece that stretches out of carton, box top, box lateral part, lateral part ear all are perpendicular to the roof of main part plate and are fixed, and the rethread is folded box mechanism, second and is folded box mechanism, the cooperation of third and fourth box folding mechanism, has realized the automatic box folding of cardboard, has improved work efficiency and can guarantee the stability of quality, has solved and has packed little commodity through manual folding among the prior art, and the work efficiency that exists is low, the poor technical problem of quality stability.
In order to better understand the technical scheme, the technical scheme is described in detail in the following with reference to the attached drawings of the specification and specific embodiments.
In order to solve the technical problems of low working efficiency and poor quality stability of the prior art that small goods are packaged by manual folding, the application provides a box folding machine, an automatic box folding machine, which is applied to a type of paperboard, as shown in fig. 5, the paperboard comprises: a case bottom 101, side ears 102, case sides 103, case fold-over blocks 104, case top 105, case top ears 106, protrusion blocks 107, case top side ears 108, and case bottom slots 109; as shown in fig. 1 and 2, the box folding machine includes:
the main body plate 1 comprises a top plate 11, a partition plate 12, a bottom plate 13, side plates 14 and a middle plate 15, wherein the top plate 11, the side plates 14 and the middle plate 15 form a concave space for folding the paperboard, the partition plate 12, the middle plate 15 and the bottom plate 13 are arranged in parallel, and the partition plate 12 divides the top plate 11 and the bottom plate 13 into two layers of spaces;
the first driving mechanism 2 is arranged on the bottom plate 13;
the pressing mechanism 3 is connected with the first driving mechanism 2 and comprises a first supporting piece 31, a first transmission rod 32, a pressing plate 33 and a first driving piece 34, wherein the pressing plate 33 and the first supporting piece 31 are integrally formed, the first supporting piece 31 is in threaded connection with the upper part of the first transmission rod 32, the lower part of the first transmission rod 32 is connected with the first driving mechanism 2, and the pressing plate 33 moves up and down to press the paperboard under the driving of the first transmission rod 32;
a first folding mechanism 4 connected to the partition 12 for folding the lateral ears 102 of the cardboard;
a second folding mechanism 5 connected to the intermediate plate 15 for folding the box side 103 and the box folding block 104 of the cardboard;
a third folding mechanism 6 connected to the bottom panel 13 for folding the top 105 of the carton;
a fourth box folding mechanism 7 connected with the pressing mechanism 3 and used for folding the box top ears 106 of the paper board;
wherein the distance between the top panel 11 and the middle panel is greater than the width of the box side 103 of the carton, and the width of the lower platen 33 is less than the width of the middle panel 15.
It should be noted that the cardboard and the carton refer to the same article, and the carton is a state when the cardboard is formed, and if not specifically stated, the cardboard and the carton in the present invention are equivalent.
Particularly, the main part plate forms a structure that the centre has concave space and both sides has two-layer space respectively on the whole, and a project organization of main part plate is as shown in figure 7, and the cylinder plate is a welding sheet spare, as the body part of whole box folding machine, can install other mechanisms or parts on it, and above-mentioned concave space is the working space, is used for folding cardboard, intermediate lamella are used for placing the cardboard, and roof and curb plate are used for fixing a position and fixed cardboard to the cardboard, and the two-layer space on the both sides of cylinder plate is used for installing first actuating mechanism or other box folding mechanisms respectively. The first driving mechanism can be a motor, and the lower portion of the first transmission rod is connected with the first driving mechanism, so that the first driving mechanism can drive the transmission rod to move and then drive the lower pressing plate to move up and down to press the paperboard. For example, the first transmission rod may be a threaded transmission rod, and preferably, four threaded transmission rods may be symmetrically arranged and respectively connected with the driving mechanism.
In the technical scheme, because the distance between the top plate and the middle plate is greater than the width of the box side part of the paperboard, and the width of the lower pressing plate is less than the width of the middle plate, when the box bottom of the paperboard is attached to a concave space, the extending block, the box top, the box side part and the side part ears of the carton are all perpendicular to the top plate of the main body plate and are fixed, so that folding operations of various box folding mechanisms (a first box folding mechanism, a second box folding mechanism, a first box folding mechanism and a fourth box folding mechanism) on various parts of the paperboard can be facilitated, automatic box folding is finally realized, the working efficiency and the stability of the box folding quality are improved, and the technical problems that in the prior art, small commodities are packaged through manual folding, the existing working efficiency is low, and the quality stability is poor are solved.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, preferably, the first folding mechanism 4 includes:
a second driving member 41 provided on the partition plate 12;
and the first push handle 42 is connected with the second driving part 41, and can enter the concave space through the groove of the side plate 14 to fold the lateral ears of the paperboard under the driving of the second driving part 41.
Specifically, the second driving member may be an air cylinder, and the first pushing handle is pushed by the driving member to move the first pushing handle left and right, preferably, the first pushing handle is a claw-shaped pushing handle, one structure of the claw-shaped pushing handle is shown in fig. 10, and a groove capable of enabling the first pushing handle is formed in a side plate of the main body plate, so that the first pushing handle pushes the side ear of the paper board to be folded to be perpendicular to the box side of the paper box through the groove, so as to fold the side ear.
Preferably, the second folding mechanism 5 includes:
a first plate 51 comprising a first circular shaft passing through a 1/4 circular slot of the intermediate plate 15;
and the second plate 52 comprises a second circular shaft, the second circular shaft penetrates through the first circular hole in the middle plate, and the first circular shaft penetrates through the second circular hole of the second plate 52.
Specifically, two sheets are respectively arranged at the front end and the rear end of the middle plate of the main body plate, taking a first sheet and a second sheet arranged at the rear end as an example, wherein the specific structure of the first sheet and the second sheet is as shown in fig. 9, a motor and a transmission structure can be arranged to control the movement of the first sheet and the second sheet, preferably, the transmission mechanism is a gear, and the first sheet is driven to rotate 90 degrees to be attached to the lateral ears of the carton through the engagement of the first motor and the gear by controlling the first motor of the first sheet and controlling the second motor and the gear of the second sheet. The second motor drives the second plate to rotate 180 degrees after running, so that the box turnover block of the paper box attached to the second plate is turned over 180 degrees to be clamped into the box bottom groove at the bottom of the box. The second motor is then reversed so that the second plate is reversed 180 deg., and then the first motor is reversed 90 deg. so that the second plate, the first plate, is brought back flush with the intermediate plate 15 of the body panel 1. At the moment, the periphery of the paperboard is folded, and articles can be put into the paperboard.
The third folding box mechanism 6 includes: second driving medium 61, pushing hands skeleton 62, second pushing hands 63, hold-in range 64, third driving piece 65 and fourth driving piece 66, third driving piece 65 set up in on the bottom plate 13, the lower part of second driving medium 61 with third driving piece 65 is connected, pushing hands skeleton 63 with the upper portion threaded connection of second driving medium 61, hold-in range 64 set up in on the pushing hands skeleton 62, fourth driving piece 66 with hold-in range 64's one end is connected, second pushing hands 63 with hold-in range 64's the other end is connected, second pushing hands 63 is in control about hold-in range 64's the effect, in order to fold the box top of cardboard.
Particularly, the second transmission part can be two threaded transmission rods, the third driving part is a motor, the fourth driving part is a synchronous motor, the threaded transmission rods connected with the pushing handle framework rotate under the driving of the corresponding two motors, and the pushing handle framework 2 begins to descend from the top. Then the synchronous motor drives the synchronous belt to move, so that the second pushing hand fixedly connected with the synchronous belt extends out a distance in the direction close to the paper box, and the side lug at the top of the paper box is bent to be perpendicular to the top of the paper box. Then the pressing mechanism is driven by the first driving mechanism to lift, and the bottom of the box still clings to the concave space plane of the main body plate 1. Until the hold-down mechanism rises to a point where it does not interfere with the folding movement of the carton's protruding blocks and the top of the carton. And then the second push handle is extended forwards again, so that the box top rotates along the joint of the box top and the box side, and the box top side ear is inserted into the paper box. Specifically, the pusher frame may be provided in a structure as shown in fig. 8, and the second pusher may be provided in a structure as shown in fig. 11 to fold the box top of the cardboard.
The fourth box folding mechanism 7 includes: the connecting rod 71, the crank 72, the third push handle 73 and the fifth driving piece 74, the fifth driving piece 74 is arranged on the pressing mechanism 3, and the crank 72 is connected with the fifth driving piece 74; one end of the connecting rod 71 is in pin connection with the crank 72, the other end of the connecting rod 71 is in pin connection with the third pushing handle 73, and the third pushing handle 73 is matched with a fourth round shaft of the pressing mechanism 3 through a hole and rotates around the fourth round shaft to fold the box top ears of the paper board. The third pushing handle can be arranged in the structure shown in fig. 12, and fig. 12 shows that the third pushing handle is a preferred arrangement mode, and in the specific implementation process, a person skilled in the art can design the third pushing handle as required, and the third pushing handle is within the protection scope of the invention as long as the pushing handle can realize the purpose of pushing the ears of the folding cardboard box.
Specifically, the first driving member on the pressing mechanism can drive the crank to move, preferably, the first driving member is a four-millimeter-axis motor, and when the motor starts to rotate, the crank drives the connecting rod to further drive the third pushing handle to rotate, so that the ears on the box top are folded by 90 degrees and are perpendicular to the extending blocks of the paper box.
The box folding machine further comprises: and the adjusting mechanism 8 is connected with the main body plate 1 to adjust the height of the paperboard.
The adjustment mechanism includes: the movable plate 81 and the double-shaft cylinder 82, wherein the double-shaft cylinder 82 is fixed below the main body plate 1, the double-shaft cylinder 82 comprises two extending shafts, and the movable plate 81 is fixedly connected with the extending shafts and enters the concave space under the driving of the extending shafts.
Specifically, a groove through which the movable plate enters the concave space may be formed in the intermediate plate 15 of the main body plate 1, the movable plate connected to the biaxial cylinder may be raised by the extension of the biaxial cylinder, and the pressing mechanism 3 may be driven by the first driving mechanism 2 to press down again. The stroke of the two-axis cylinder is just such that the bottom of the box is flush with the top plate 11 of the body panel 1. And when the pressing mechanism is pressed down to the box top, the pressing mechanism stops. And then the second pushing handle is retracted, so that the framework of the pushing handle returns to the initial position.
The box folding machine further comprises a fixing mechanism, and the fixing mechanism 9 is connected with the main body plate 1 to fix the box top ears of the paper boards.
The fixing mechanism comprises a retaining rod 91 and an air cylinder 92, the air cylinder 92 is fixed on the main body plate 1, and the retaining rod penetrates through a hole in the main body plate 1 and is connected with the air cylinder.
Specifically, extending the cylinder 92 may cause the retainer rod to rise. The stroke of the cylinder 92 is just such that the top plate of the retaining bar is flush with the top plate of the carton, in which state the protruding piece of the carton remains parallel to the top plate of the main body panel 1, while the folding over of the ears is not affected. The cylinder is then retracted so that the top plate of the retaining rod is lowered below the top plate. Then the first driving piece continues to rotate to enable the third pushing handle to rotate, so that the ears of the paper box and the extending blocks of the paper box rotate 90 degrees together, and the ears are clamped into gaps between the box turning and folding blocks of the paper box and the left side and the right side of the box.
The lower part of the second transmission member is connected with the third driving member 65 through a coupler 67, and the third driving member is a motor.
In order to more clearly illustrate the characteristics and the use condition of the box folding mechanism of the invention, the following description is provided from the working principle and the specific working process of the box folding machine, and the working principle of the box folding mechanism of the invention is as follows: the box side parts of the paper box are turned over by utilizing the structure and the motion position relation of the pressing mechanism and the main body plate, the ears of the side parts are turned over by utilizing a first pushing hand of the first box folding mechanism, and the rotation of the four plate pieces is controlled by a motor in a gear transmission mode, wherein two of the four plate pieces are firstly turned over by 90 degrees, and the other two plate pieces are then turned over by 180 degrees so as to turn over the left side part and the right side part of the box of the folding paper box and the box turning over block. The box turnover block is clamped into the box bottom groove after being folded in place, the lateral ears are wrapped, and the paper box is formed preliminarily. And then the box top side lug and the box top are turned over by utilizing the push handle framework and the second push handle. Finally, the ears of the paper box are clamped into the box turning and folding blocks of the paper box and gaps on the left side and the right side of the box by using the pressing mechanism, the third pushing hand and the retaining rod together, and the paper box is packaged.
The specific workflow is as follows: when the paper board is placed on the top plate of the main body plate, the first transmission mechanism starts to rotate under the driving of the first driving mechanism, and the first driving mechanism drives the pressing mechanism to move downwards along the direction of the plumb bob, so that the bottom of the paper box is recessed to the surface attached to the concave space. At this time, the biaxial cylinder 12 is in a contracted state, and the movable plate is flush with the intermediate plate 15. The extension block, box top, box side and side ears of the cardboard are all perpendicular to the top plate of the main body plate 1 and are fixed. The first push handle is pushed by the second driving piece, the first push handle penetrates through the grooves in the left side plate and the right side plate, the side ears of the paper box are pushed to be folded to be perpendicular to the box side of the paper box, and the second driving piece is kept in an extending state to wait for the completion of the subsequent process. Then through the effect of the first motor of control first slab, the second motor and the gear of control second slab, through the meshing of first motor and gear drive first slab and rotate 90 to laminate with the lateral part ear of carton. After the second motor operates, the second plate is driven to rotate 180 degrees, so that the box turnover block of the paper box attached to the second plate is turned over 180 degrees to the box bottom groove clamped into the bottom of the box. The second motor is then reversed so that the second plate is reversed 180 deg., and then the first motor is reversed 90 deg. so that the second plate, the first plate, is brought back flush with the intermediate plate 15 of the body panel 1. At this time, the periphery of the paperboard is already folded, and articles can be placed in the paperboard. The second transmission piece connected with the pushing handle framework is driven by the corresponding driving mechanism to rotate, so that the pushing handle framework starts to descend from the top. Then the synchronous belt motor drives the synchronous belt to move, so that the second pushing hand fixedly connected with the synchronous belt extends out a distance in the direction close to the paper box, and the side lug at the top of the paper box is bent to be perpendicular to the top of the paper box. The hold-down mechanism is then lifted by the first drive mechanism, with the bottom of the cassette still lying against the intermediate plate 15 of the main body panel 1. And stopping when the pressing mechanism rises to be not interfered with the folding movement of the extending block and the box top of the paper box. And then the second push handle is extended forwards again, so that the box top rotates along the joint of the box top and the box side, and the box top side ear is inserted into the paper box. At the moment, the second push handle is retracted and then is lifted and pressed down. The double-shaft cylinder extends out to enable the movable plate connected with the double-shaft cylinder to ascend, and meanwhile, the pressing mechanism presses down again. The stroke of the double-shaft cylinder just enables the bottom of the box to be flush with the top plate of the main body plate. And when the pressing mechanism is pressed to the top of the box, the pressing mechanism stops. The holding rod cylinder is then extended, so that the holding rod is raised. The stroke of the holding rod cylinder is just such that the top plate of the ear holding rod is flush with the top plate of the carton, in which state the protruding piece of the carton remains parallel to the top plate of the body panel 1, but the folding over of the ears is not affected. The four-millimeter-axis motor on the pressing mechanism starts to rotate, so that the crank drives the connecting rod and further drives the third pushing handle to rotate, and the ears are turned over by 90 degrees and are perpendicular to the extending blocks of the paper box. The retainer rod cylinder is then retracted so that the top plate of the retainer rod is lowered below the top plate of the body panel 1. Then the four-millimeter-axis motor continues to rotate to enable the third pushing hand to rotate, so that the ears of the paper box and the extending blocks of the paper box rotate 90 degrees together, and the ears are clamped into gaps between the box turning and folding blocks of the paper box and the left side and the right side of the box. The whole folding and packaging process is completed. And lifting the pressing mechanism to the initial position to take the packaged paper box away.
The beneficial effect of this application is as follows:
(1) Above-mentioned box folding machine is through setting up main part plate, first actuating mechanism, pushing down mechanism, first box mechanism, second box mechanism, third box mechanism and fourth box mechanism of rolling over, through first actuating mechanism's effect, pushing down mechanism can be at plumb bob direction up-and-down motion, can compress tightly the cardboard during the downstream, the distance of roof and intermediate lamella is greater than the box side width of cardboard, the width of holding down plate is less than the width of intermediate lamella can make when the box bottom of cardboard pastes with concave space down, the equal perpendicular roof of the all main part plate of the piece that stretches out, box top, box lateral part, lateral part ear of carton and fixed, rethread first box mechanism of rolling over folding lateral part ear, the second box mechanism of cardboard are folding the box lateral part and the box of cardboard turn over folding piece, the folding of third box mechanism the box top of cardboard, the folding of fourth box mechanism of folding box top ear of cardboard have realized the automatic box folding of cardboard, have improved work efficiency and can guarantee the stability of quality, have solved and have the technical problem of the small work efficiency of manual packing among the commodity technique of quality difference.
(2) According to the folding process of the paperboard, the whole packaging step from folding the paper box to sealing the box can be realized through the structural composition and the working step of specifically arranging each box folding mechanism. The conventional folding forming box to the packaging sealing box needs to be realized by the coordination of a plurality of devices on a production line, and the automatic box folding machine can realize the box folding to the packaging sealing box by a single device.
(3) The automatic box folding machine has the advantages of compact structure, small occupied area and low cost, and is suitable for packaging and using by e-commerce platform merchants and small electronic product manufacturing enterprises. The cartons are stored in a warehouse in a paperboard form and are folded into formed cartons when being used for packaging products, and the warehouse space is small.
(4) The automatic box folding machine is light in weight, easy to carry, convenient for single machine to use alone, and wide in applicability, and can be slightly modified and incorporated into a production line under the condition that the structural principle is not changed.
While preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described, additional variations and modifications in those embodiments may occur to those skilled in the art once they learn of the basic inventive concepts. Therefore, it is intended that the appended claims be interpreted as including preferred embodiments and all such alterations and modifications as fall within the scope of the invention.
It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made in the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Thus, if such modifications and variations of the present invention fall within the scope of the claims of the present invention and their equivalents, the present invention is also intended to include such modifications and variations.

Claims (6)

1. An automatic box folding machine is applied to a model cardboard, its characterized in that, the box folding machine includes:
the main body plate comprises a top plate, a partition plate, a bottom plate, side plates and a middle plate, wherein the top plate, the side plates and the middle plate form a concave space for folding the paperboard, the partition plate, the middle plate and the bottom plate are arranged in parallel, and the partition plate divides the top plate and the bottom plate into two layers of spaces;
the first driving mechanism is arranged on the bottom plate;
the pressing mechanism is connected with the first driving mechanism and comprises a first supporting piece, a first transmission rod, a pressing plate and a first driving piece, wherein the pressing plate and the first supporting piece are integrally formed, the first supporting piece is in threaded connection with the upper part of the first transmission rod, the lower part of the first transmission rod is connected with the first driving mechanism, and the pressing plate is driven by the first transmission rod to move up and down to press the paperboard;
the first box folding mechanism is connected with the partition plate and used for folding the lateral ears of the paperboard;
the second box folding mechanism is connected with the middle plate and is used for folding the box side part and the box turning block of the paperboard;
the third box folding mechanism is connected with the bottom plate and used for folding the box top of the paperboard;
the fourth box folding mechanism is connected with the pressing mechanism and used for folding the box top ears of the paper board;
wherein the distance between the top plate and the middle plate is greater than the width of the box side part of the paperboard, and the width of the lower pressing plate is less than the width of the middle plate;
the first box folding mechanism comprises:
the second driving piece is arranged on the partition board;
the first push handle is connected with the second driving piece and can enter the concave space through the groove of the side plate to fold the lateral ears of the paperboard under the driving of the second driving piece;
the second box folding mechanism comprises:
a first plate comprising a first circular shaft passing through a 1/4 circular slot of the intermediate plate;
the second plate comprises a second round shaft, the second round shaft penetrates through the first round hole in the middle plate, and the second round hole of the second plate penetrates through the first round shaft;
the third folding box mechanism includes: the paper box comprises a bottom plate, a first driving piece, a first pushing piece, a second pushing piece, a synchronous belt, a third driving piece and a fourth driving piece, wherein the first driving piece is arranged on the bottom plate, the lower portion of the first driving piece is connected with the first driving piece, the first pushing piece is in threaded connection with the upper portion of the first driving piece, the synchronous belt is arranged on the first pushing piece, the fourth driving piece is connected with one end of the synchronous belt, the second pushing piece is connected with the other end of the synchronous belt, and the first pushing piece moves left and right under the action of the synchronous belt to fold the box top of the paper plate;
the fourth box folding mechanism comprises: the connecting rod, the crank, the third pushing handle and the fifth driving piece are arranged on the pressing mechanism, and the crank is connected with the fifth driving piece; the one end of connecting rod with the crank pin is connected, the other end of connecting rod with third pushing hands pin junction, just third pushing hands through the hole with the cooperation of the fourth circle axle of pushing down the mechanism, wind the fourth circle axle is rotatory in order to fold the box top ear of cardboard.
2. A box folder according to claim 1, further comprising: and the adjusting mechanism is connected with the main body plate so as to adjust the height of the paperboard.
3. A box folding machine according to claim 2, wherein said adjustment mechanism comprises: the double-shaft air cylinder is fixed below the main body plate and comprises two extending shafts, and the movable plate is fixedly connected with the extending shafts and enters the concave space under the driving of the extending shafts.
4. A box folding machine according to claim 1, further comprising a securing mechanism connected to said main body panel for securing a box top ear of said paperboard.
5. A box folding machine according to claim 4, wherein said fixing mechanism includes a holding rod and a cylinder, said cylinder being fixed to said body panel, said holding rod passing through a hole in said body panel and being connected to said cylinder.
6. A box folding machine according to claim 1, wherein a lower portion of said second transmission member is connected to said third driving member by a coupling, said third driving member being a motor.
CN201710038511.6A 2017-01-19 2017-01-19 Automatic box folding machine Active CN106586102B (en)

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CN108100328B (en) * 2018-01-12 2023-12-29 东莞市欧尚自动化设备科技有限公司 Bubble gum kludge
CN109094106A (en) * 2018-09-18 2018-12-28 张华建 A kind of efficient folding device of carton processing
CN109572051B (en) * 2019-01-30 2024-03-12 宏泰机电科技(漳州)有限公司 Automatic box folding machine
CN109822967A (en) * 2019-03-01 2019-05-31 广东九联科技股份有限公司 A kind of automatic box-folding machine
CN111591520A (en) * 2019-10-14 2020-08-28 金华名流艺术包装有限公司 Automatic intelligent baling line of high qualification rate
CN111300885B (en) * 2020-03-03 2022-04-12 亳州联滔电子有限公司 Box folding device
CN112061498A (en) * 2020-08-26 2020-12-11 董春萍 Carton is two cuts full-automatic packaging machine of attaching
CN114290749B (en) * 2021-11-30 2024-04-05 浪潮(山东)计算机科技有限公司 Carton folding device
CN114715479B (en) * 2022-05-20 2024-02-20 河南中烟工业有限责任公司 Box folding mechanism

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CN105459440B (en) * 2014-09-23 2018-11-16 昆山金港硕自动化设备有限公司 A kind of automatic folding aircraft paper box machine
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