CN106579497B - Mushroom stem cutting machine - Google Patents

Mushroom stem cutting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106579497B
CN106579497B CN201611083896.XA CN201611083896A CN106579497B CN 106579497 B CN106579497 B CN 106579497B CN 201611083896 A CN201611083896 A CN 201611083896A CN 106579497 B CN106579497 B CN 106579497B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
positioning plate
rack
mushroom
slideway
elevating
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Active
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CN201611083896.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106579497A (en
Inventor
章礼通
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
FENGYANG ZHONGYI AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Co.,Ltd.
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Chongqing Victoria Fresh Agriculture Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201611083896.XA priority Critical patent/CN106579497B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs
    • A23N15/04Devices for topping fruit or vegetables
    • A23N15/045Devices for topping mushrooms

Abstract

The present invention relates to mushroom processing technique fields, more particularly, to a kind of mushroom stem cutting machine, rectangular positioning plate including rack and in rack, rack side is equipped with slideway, the top of slideway and the short side of positioning plate offset, positioning plate is equipped with the location hole that several diameters are 2-4cm, and elevating mechanism, another short side connection of elevating mechanism and positioning plate are additionally provided in rack;Spring is equipped with below one end that positioning plate and slideway offset, spring one end is fixedly connected with positioning plate, and the other end of spring is fixedly connected with rack;The sliding rail connecting with positioning plate is additionally provided with below positioning plate, sliding rail is equipped with and the cutter of its strip being slidably connected and the fixed pulley being fixedly connected with sliding rail, cutter is equipped with control line, and roller is equipped with below rack, and control line passes through fixed pulley and connect with roller.The problem of present invention is able to solve mushroom discharging speed slowly and influences processing efficiency.

Description

Mushroom stem cutting machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to food processing technology fields, more particularly, to a kind of mushroom stem cutting machine.
Background technique
Mushroom is generally acknowledged green food, is had very high nutritive value.Lentnus edodes are packed from pack by hand to machinery, Mushroom is dried from native stove and dries mushroom to baking oven, and the invention and application of each mushroom machinery all bring very big convenience to Lentnus edodes. But do not solved during Lentnus edodes there are also a cumbersome work post, that is, mushroom cuts foot, and common method is manually to adopt Mushroom foot is wiped out with scissors, there is the disadvantages of time-consuming and laborious, speed is slow for it.
To solve the above-mentioned problems, 201310339916.5 Chinese patent of Patent No. ZL discloses a kind of mushroom and cuts foot Machine, including bracket, decelerating motor, conveying dressing mechanism and pinrshape structure, cantilever tip are extended with outlet landslide, bracket to the left Bottom end is fixed there are two decelerating motor, and lateral edge direction of transfer is symmetrically arranged with sliding rail in cantilever tip, and sliding rail upper surface is equipped with positioning Plate, positioning plate left end connect with outlet landslide, and the conveying dressing mechanism and pinrshape structure are fixed with below positioning plate, convey whole Reason mechanism and pinrshape structure are connected with the decelerating motor respectively.The technical solution allows positioning plate by knock over cam positioning plate It vibrates, to allow mushroom to be processed continuous movement affected by vibration, until mushroom from location hole passing through, and using fixed Pinrshape structure below the plate of position completes the excision of a large amount of mushroom handles.This solution provides excision special-purpose machinery is set for mushroom It is standby, it is no longer necessary to which that artificial treatment reduces working strength, improves processing efficiency.
But the program be constantly transferred to outlet by be allowed mushroom by the way of vibration and slided after the excision for completing mushroom handle On slope, since positioning plate is horizontally disposed, and vibrate once, the mobile distance of mushroom and direction not necessarily, therefore, will allow All mushrooms enter landslide and need to take considerable time, to influence processing efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The invention is intended to provide a kind of mushroom stem cutting machine, asking for processing efficiency is influenced for solving mushroom discharging speed slowly Topic.
To achieve the goals above, the present invention provides a kind of mushroom stem cutting machine, rectangular including rack and in rack The positioning plate of shape, rack side are equipped with slideway, and the top of slideway and one end of positioning plate offset, and it is straight that positioning plate is equipped with several Diameter is the location hole of 2-4cm, is additionally provided with elevating mechanism in rack, elevating mechanism includes the threaded rod that lower end is fixedly connected with rack And the threaded cap with shaft, the upper end of threaded cap are equipped with circular sliding slot, are equipped with multiple sliding blocks, each cunning in sliding slot Elastic component is respectively connected on block, one end of elastic component is fixedly connected with a slide block, and the other end is fixedly connected with positioning plate;On threaded cap It is additionally provided with cam, and threaded cap and cam are interference fitted;Spring, spring one are equipped with below one end that positioning plate and slideway offset End is fixedly connected with positioning plate, and the other end of spring is fixedly connected with rack;It is additionally provided with below positioning plate and is connect with positioning plate Sliding rail, sliding rail be equipped with the cutter of its strip being slidably connected and the fixed pulley being fixedly connected with sliding rail, on cutter Equipped with control line, roller is equipped with below rack, control line passes through fixed pulley and connect with roller.
It the technical principle of the technical program and has the technical effect that:The technical program provides a kind of mushroom stem cutting machine, in rack Equipped with the slideway sent out for mushroom, and for the positioning plate of mushroom to be processed positioning.Positioning plate is equipped with multiple location holes, By the vibration of positioning plate, mushroom is allowed constantly to move on positioning plate, such mushroom handle is possible to realize fragrant across location hole The positioning of mushroom.
After all mushrooms all complete positioning, cutter is driven to move along sliding rail by roller, to complete the cutting of mushroom handle. It is additionally provided with fixed pulley on the slide rail, control line passes through fixed pulley and connect with roller, so that cutter is always by the pulling force along sliding rail, It avoids the variation of direction of pull from causing the increased friction between cutter and sliding rail, causes the movement of cutter not smooth enough.
It is fixedly connected with spring below the one end of positioning plate close to slideway, and is connected with liter in the other end of positioning plate Descending mechanism.Elevating mechanism includes threaded cap and threaded rod, is rotated by threaded cap opposite thread bar, can be realized the upper of threaded cap Lower movement, to be moved up and down with the positioning plate one end being connect with threaded cap.During threaded cap rotation, cam can Positioning plate is constantly hit, since positioning plate is connect by elastic component with threaded cap, so positioning plate can occur after being knocked Vibration.In addition, causing elastic component to be wrapped on threaded cap in order to avoid elastic component is rotated synchronously with threaded cap, this programme also exists The sliding block that the upper end of threaded cap is equipped with circular sliding slot and connect with elastic component, by the cooperation of sliding block and sliding slot, so that bullet Property part can opposite thread lid rotation.
After the cutting for completing mushroom handle, since positioning plate is tilted to slideway side, so all mushrooms can be direct It slides along positioning plate surface to slideway, and is skidded off from slideway, it is no longer necessary to wait mushroom to be trembled in slideway, to accelerate The discharging speed of mushroom, improves processing efficiency.
In conclusion the technical program is by the elevating mechanism that connect with positioning plate of setting, mushroom can positioned One end of positioning plate is allowed constantly to move up in the process, so that positioning plate tilts, allowing completion to cut the mushroom of handle can be along inclined Positioning plate slides down in slideway, it is no longer necessary to wait mushroom slowly to be trembled into slideway, to accelerate the discharging speed of mushroom Degree, improves processing efficiency.
It is the preferred embodiment of above scheme below:
Preferred embodiment one:Based on base case, the elevating mechanism is located on the central axes of positioning plate, and elastic component has two A, the junction of two elastic components and positioning plate is located at the two sides of positioning plate central axes, to avoid cam in rotation The case where being in contact in the process with elastic component, cam caused to be wound by elastic component without being able to rotate.
Preferred embodiment two:Based on base preferred embodiment one, the positioning plate is equipped with two block baffles for being located at its two sides, The length of baffle and the equal length of positioning plate.By setting baffle, mushroom to be processed can be avoided during vibration, from The two sides of positioning plate shake out, and cause the waste of raw material.
Preferred embodiment three:Based on preferred embodiment two, the positioning plate is equipped with close to the lower section of elevating mechanism one end and rack The thickness of the limited block of connection, limited block is identical as spring original length.Limited block plays positioning plate close to elevating mechanism one end To the effect of support, when positioning plate being allowed not move up, the end is able to maintain not less than the other end, avoids putting on mushroom to be processed After entering positioning plate, since the end is lower than the other end, the case where causing mushroom mobile to elevating mechanism direction, skid off positioning plate.
Preferred embodiment four:Based on preferred embodiment three, the diameter of the location hole is 4cm.The diameter of mushroom handle is generally in 1cm Left and right, and the diameter of mushroom umbrella is generally higher than 5cm.However much mushrooms are being in bending, so that mushroom handle after bending is straight Diameter in 2-4cm, so, the diameter of location hole is equipped with 4cm, can guarantee that curved mushroom passing through, and is also avoided that whole A mushroom passes through.
Preferred embodiment five:Based on preferred embodiment four, the location hole is uniformly distributed, and can expand location hole in positioning plate table The distribution in face improves mushroom the probability for passing through location hole, avoids excessively concentrating because of location hole, cause mushroom from location hole Rare position passes through, so that the positioning to mushroom needs to spend the more time.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail:
Appended drawing reference in Figure of description includes:Rack 1, positioning plate 2, slideway 3, location hole 4, threaded rod 5, threaded cap 6, elastic string 7, cam 8, spring 9, sliding rail 10, cutter 11, fixed pulley 12, control line 13, roller 14, limited block 15, baffle 16.
The present embodiment is as shown in Figure 1, a kind of mushroom stem cutting machine, including rack 1, and 1 side of rack is equipped with slideway 3, slideway 3 Top is connect with positioning plate 2.Positioning plate 2 is rectangle, and slideway 3 and one end of positioning plate 2 offset.2 surface of positioning plate is equipped with six The location hole 4 that diameter is 4cm is arranged, and each row there are 5, it is identical per the distance between adjacent two rows of location holes 4, and every row The distance between two neighboring location hole 4 is also identical in location hole 4.It is additionally provided with two block baffles on positioning plate 2, is located at positioning 2 two sides of plate, and be arranged along the long side of positioning plate 2.
Spring 9 is equipped with below one end that positioning plate 2 and slideway 3 offset, one end of spring 9 is fixedly connected with positioning plate 2, separately One end is fixedly connected with rack 1.The lower section of 2 other end of positioning plate is equipped with limited block 15, and the lower end of limited block 15 and rack 1 connect It connects, and the thickness of limited block 15 is identical as the original length of spring 9.
It is additionally provided with elevating mechanism in rack 1, which is located at side of the rack 1 far from slideway 3, and is located at positioning On the central axes of plate 2.Elevating mechanism includes threaded rod 5 and threaded cap 6, and the two cooperates.The upper end of threaded cap 6 is equipped with circle Sliding slot, set that there are two the sliding blocks being slidably connected with it in sliding slot.An elastic string 7 is fixedly connected on each sliding block, and The other end of elastic string 7 is fixedly connected with the short side both ends of positioning plate 2 respectively.Cam 8, and screw thread are additionally provided on threaded cap 6 The through-hole of lid 6 and cam 8 is interference fitted.
It is also connected with sliding rail 10 in the lower surface of positioning plate 2, sliding rail 10 is equipped with cutting for the strip being slidably connected with it Knife 11, the distance between cutter 11 and 2 lower surface of positioning plate are 1mm.Fixed pulley 12, cutter 11 are also fixedly connected on sliding rail 10 On the control line 13 that is fixedly connected pass through fixed pulley 12 and connect with roller 14.
In use, mushroom to be processed is placed on positioning plate 2 close to the side of elevating mechanism, rotating threaded cap 6 makes spiral shell Line lid 6 is slowly moved up with respect to rack 1, so that positioning plate 2 is also constantly moved up close to one end of elevating mechanism.In mobile process In, cam 8 constantly hits positioning plate 2, brings it about vibration, mushroom is allowed to beat on positioning plate 2, until the mushroom of all mushrooms Location hole 4 is passed through, the positioning of mushroom is completed.Later, rotation roller makes cutter 11 sliding in the pulling force effect lower edge of control line 13 Rail 10 moves, while the mushroom handle for passing through location hole 4 is cut away.
The mushroom for completing cutting is no longer influenced by the positioning action of location hole 4, can be under gravity along inclined positioning 2 slide downward of plate, until sliding into slideway 3, into next process.After completing cutting, roller 14 is unclamped, cutter 11 also can be Along 10 slide downward of sliding rail under gravity, to rapidly return back to initial position, preparation is processed next time.
What has been described above is only an embodiment of the present invention, and the common sense such as well known specific structure and/or characteristic are herein in scheme It does not describe excessively.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, without departing from the structure of the invention, also Several modifications and improvements can be made, these also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention, these all will not influence of the invention real The effect and patent practicability applied.The scope of protection required by this application should be based on the content of the claims, specification In the records such as specific embodiment can be used for explaining the content of claim.

Claims (3)

1. mushroom stem cutting machine, the rectangular positioning plate including rack and in rack, rack side are equipped with slideway, slideway Top and one end of positioning plate offset, it is characterised in that:Positioning plate is equipped with the location hole that several diameters are 2-4cm, rack On be additionally provided with elevating mechanism, elevating mechanism includes the threaded rod that lower end is fixedly connected with rack and the screw thread with shaft Lid, the upper end of threaded cap are equipped with circular sliding slot, multiple sliding blocks are equipped in sliding slot, are respectively connected with elastic component, bullet on each sliding block One end of property part is fixedly connected with a slide block, and the other end is fixedly connected with positioning plate;Cam, and threaded cap are additionally provided on threaded cap It is interference fitted with cam;Spring is equipped with below one end that positioning plate and slideway offset, spring one end is fixedly connected with positioning plate, bullet The other end of spring is fixedly connected with rack;The sliding rail connecting with positioning plate is additionally provided with below positioning plate, sliding rail is equipped with and it The cutter for the strip being slidably connected and the fixed pulley being fixedly connected with sliding rail, cutter are equipped with control line, set below rack There is roller, control line passes through fixed pulley and connect with roller, and the elevating mechanism is located on the central axes of positioning plate, and elastic component has two A, the junction of two elastic components and positioning plate is located at the two sides of positioning plate central axes, and the positioning plate is equipped with difference Two block baffles positioned at its two sides, the length of baffle and the equal length of positioning plate, the positioning plate is close to elevating mechanism one end Lower section be equipped with the limited block that connect with rack, the thickness of limited block is identical as spring original length.
2. mushroom stem cutting machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The diameter of the location hole is 4cm.
3. mushroom stem cutting machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The location hole is uniformly distributed.
CN201611083896.XA 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 Mushroom stem cutting machine Active CN106579497B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN106579497B true CN106579497B (en) 2018-11-27

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107667777A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-02-09 重庆维得鲜农业发展有限公司 A kind of pleurotus eryngii cultural method
CN107646520A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-02-02 重庆维得鲜农业发展有限公司 A kind of pleurotus eryngii rack
CN112385866B (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-10-01 河南天中亿龙食品有限公司 Dried mushroom production equipment with bactericidal effect

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5463858A (en) * 1993-11-12 1995-11-07 Ciuffetelli; Andrew J. Mushroom harvester and method
TW445771U (en) * 2000-12-02 2001-07-11 Jeng De Shin Structure of machine for cutting the stem of mushroom
CN200974105Y (en) * 2006-06-06 2007-11-14 朱涛 Elevator device of the numerical-controlled traverse shaft of the computer torsional spring machine
CN103416836A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-12-04 叶礼奎 Mushroom root cutting machine
CN104000294A (en) * 2014-06-10 2014-08-27 湖北工业大学 Fully automatic mushroom foot shearing machine
CN204292165U (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-04-29 贾昊 A kind of mushroom stem cutting machine
CN104864236A (en) * 2015-05-11 2015-08-26 保利影业投资有限公司 Perpendicular rack for double film projectors
CN104872798A (en) * 2015-05-14 2015-09-02 李国献 Mushroom root shearing machine
CN205161835U (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-04-20 曾青坡 Automatic mushroom stem cutter
CN106072722A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-11-09 漯河桂馥农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of full-automatic mushroom stem removing root peeler

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5463858A (en) * 1993-11-12 1995-11-07 Ciuffetelli; Andrew J. Mushroom harvester and method
TW445771U (en) * 2000-12-02 2001-07-11 Jeng De Shin Structure of machine for cutting the stem of mushroom
CN200974105Y (en) * 2006-06-06 2007-11-14 朱涛 Elevator device of the numerical-controlled traverse shaft of the computer torsional spring machine
CN103416836A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-12-04 叶礼奎 Mushroom root cutting machine
CN104000294A (en) * 2014-06-10 2014-08-27 湖北工业大学 Fully automatic mushroom foot shearing machine
CN204292165U (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-04-29 贾昊 A kind of mushroom stem cutting machine
CN104864236A (en) * 2015-05-11 2015-08-26 保利影业投资有限公司 Perpendicular rack for double film projectors
CN104872798A (en) * 2015-05-14 2015-09-02 李国献 Mushroom root shearing machine
CN205161835U (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-04-20 曾青坡 Automatic mushroom stem cutter
CN106072722A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-11-09 漯河桂馥农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of full-automatic mushroom stem removing root peeler

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Effective date of registration: 20200810

Address after: 233100 Xiaogang provincial modern agricultural demonstration zone, Fengyang County, Chuzhou City, Anhui Province

Patentee after: FENGYANG ZHONGYI AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Co.,Ltd.

Address before: Changshou District of Chongqing city in 401231 wind dam Industrial Glenn town concentrated area

Patentee before: CHONGQING WEIDEXIAN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Co.,Ltd.

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