CN106524056A - 离网型风、光互补照明式低温热管 - Google Patents

离网型风、光互补照明式低温热管 Download PDF

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CN106524056A
CN106524056A CN201610966430.8A CN201610966430A CN106524056A CN 106524056 A CN106524056 A CN 106524056A CN 201610966430 A CN201610966430 A CN 201610966430A CN 106524056 A CN106524056 A CN 106524056A
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heat tube
section
lamp stand
wind
fin
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兰凤江
汪恩良
魏建宇
石常江
崔海娣
施晶
白玉萍
李丹丹
程子轩
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Harbin Fenghua Co ltd China Aerospace Science & Industry Corp
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D31/00Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution
    • E02D31/10Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution against soil pressure or hydraulic pressure
    • E02D31/14Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution against soil pressure or hydraulic pressure against frost heaves in soil
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S9/00Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply
    • F21S9/02Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator
    • F21S9/026Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator rechargeable by using wind power, e.g. using wind turbines
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S9/00Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply
    • F21S9/02Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator
    • F21S9/03Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator rechargeable by exposure to light
    • F21S9/035Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator rechargeable by exposure to light the solar unit being integrated within the support for the lighting unit, e.g. within or on a pole
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V21/00Supporting, suspending, or attaching arrangements for lighting devices; Hand grips
    • F21V21/10Pendants, arms, or standards; Fixing lighting devices to pendants, arms, or standards
    • F21V21/108Arms
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V23/00Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices
    • F21V23/02Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices the elements being transformers, impedances or power supply units, e.g. a transformer with a rectifier
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V23/00Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices
    • F21V23/04Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices the elements being switches
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V33/00Structural combinations of lighting devices with other articles, not otherwise provided for
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D15/00Heat-exchange apparatus with the intermediate heat-transfer medium in closed tubes passing into or through the conduit walls ; Heat-exchange apparatus employing intermediate heat-transfer medium or bodies
    • F28D15/02Heat-exchange apparatus with the intermediate heat-transfer medium in closed tubes passing into or through the conduit walls ; Heat-exchange apparatus employing intermediate heat-transfer medium or bodies in which the medium condenses and evaporates, e.g. heat pipes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2131/00Use or application of lighting devices or systems not provided for in codes F21W2102/00-F21W2121/00
    • F21W2131/10Outdoor lighting

Abstract

离网型风、光互补照明式低温热管,属于热管技术领域,本发明为了提高现有热管换热效率、解决功能单一和视觉污染的问题。冷凝段与加热段上下制成一体,加热段埋于土壤中,工质存放在加热段内,冷凝段设置在灯杆内,冷凝段的外表面设有翅片,灯杆的下部设有有排污检查口和多个送风口,排污检查口位于送风口的下方,土壤内还埋设有蓄电池及智能开关;灯杆固定于地面上,灯杆的顶端设有抽风口,向下依次安装有风力发电机、太阳能电池和照明灯,风力发电机、太阳能电池和照明灯通过线束与蓄电池及智能开关建立连接。本发明的离网型风、光互补照明式低温热管能进一步提高换热管的换热效率,并且提供照明功能。

Description

离网型风、光互补照明式低温热管
技术领域
本发明涉及一种低温热管,具体涉及一种离网型风、光互补照明式低温热管,属于热管技术领域。
背景技术
高寒地区冻土地带的水库坝体,由于四季中天气温度的变化,引起坝体土壤的冻胀或溶沉,造成坝体土壤的开裂,每年用于坝体的维修的费用巨大,造成很大的浪费,本发明的解决办法是在坝体上设置低温热管,通过低温热管不断的将土壤中的热量散到大气中,从而使得低温热管周围的土质温度降低,经过一个冬季,低温热管将冷能储存在土壤中,使得热管周围的土质始终保持冻土的状态,避免冻胀和溶沉的发生,并且通过新型的结构设计使得正常低温热管的换热效率有所提高,而且,由于坝体工程多用于较为偏僻的地方,往往没有电力供应,照明无法提供,如铺设电网,成本相对较高,并且低温热管需大量布置,容易引起视觉污染。因此,亟待研发一种换热效率高、同时提供照明的离网式照明式低温热管。
发明内容
本发明的目的是提供一种离网型风、光互补照明式低温热管,以解决冻土地带水库坝体由于气候温度的变化带来的冻胀和溶沉,以及由于该种项目多用于较为偏僻的地方,没有电力供应无法提供照明的问题。
所述离网型风、光互补照明式低温热管包括低温热管、灯杆、抽风口、风力发电机、太阳能电池、照明灯、线束、排污检查口、蓄电池及智能开关和送风口,
低温热管包括加热段、翅片、工质和冷凝段;
冷凝段与加热段上下制成一体,加热段埋于土壤中,工质存放在加热段内,冷凝段设置在灯杆内,冷凝段的外表面设有翅片,灯杆的下部设有有排污检查口和多个送风口,排污检查口位于送风口的下方,土壤内还埋设有蓄电池及智能开关;灯杆固定于地面上,灯杆的顶端设有抽风口,向下依次安装有风力发电机、太阳能电池和照明灯,风力发电机、太阳能电池和照明灯通过线束与蓄电池及智能开关建立连接。
优选的:翅片采用螺旋翅片。
优选的:送风口的数量为三个,三个送风口均匀分布在灯杆上,每个送风口的横截面大小占灯杆横截面的六分之一,送风口的高度与翅片的高度相对应。
本发明与现有产品相比具有以下效果:能提高低温热管的换热效率,解决坝体土壤的冻胀或溶沉,在不铺设电网的前提下可提供照明功能,节能环保,避免了由于在地表插入热管而带来的视觉污染。
附图说明
图1是本发明所述的离网型风、光互补照明式低温热管的结构示意图;
图2是送风口的局部详图;
图3是图2的A-A剖面图。
图中:1-土壤、2-加热段、3-翅片、4-工质、5-冷凝段、6-灯杆、7-抽风口、8-风力发电机、9-太阳能电池、10-照明灯、11-线束、12-排污检查口、13-蓄电池及智能开关、14-送风口。
具体实施方式
下面根据附图详细阐述本发明优选的实施方式。
如图1至图3所示,本发明所述的离网型风、光互补照明式低温热管包括包括低温热管、灯杆6、抽风口7、风力发电机8、太阳能电池9、照明灯10、线束11排污检查口12、蓄电池及智能开关13和送风口14,
低温热管包括加热段2、翅片3、工质4和冷凝段5;
所述冷凝段5与加热段2上下制成一体,加热段2埋于土壤1中,工质4存放在加热段2内,冷凝段5设置在灯杆6内,冷凝段5的外表面设有翅片3,灯杆6的下部设有有排污检查口12和多个送风口14,排污检查口12位于送风口14的下方,土壤1内还埋设有蓄电池及智能开关13;灯杆6固定于地面上,灯杆6的顶端设有抽风口7,向下依次安装有风力发电机8、太阳能电池9和照明灯10,风力发电机8、太阳能电池9和照明灯10通过线束11与蓄电池及智能开关13建立连接,低温热管的加热段2内的工质4不断的吸收土壤1中的热量,气化后上升到冷凝段5,通过冷凝段5与翅片3放出气化潜热后凝结为液态,回流到加热段2,通过灯杆6与抽风口7,利用空气动力学原理,因灯杆6顶部的风速大于地面风速,在灯杆6的顶部会形成一个负压区,灯杆6底部温度高于顶部温度,灯杆6的顶部与底部的空气有一定的密度差,灯杆6内部的空气形成向上的自拔力,根据烟囱的工作原理:
△P=9.8(ρ1-ρ2)
△P:烟囱的自拔力;ρ1烟囱顶部密度;ρ2烟囱底部密度。
由于上述原因,灯杆6内空气向上的流速增加,使得低温热管表面的换热系数比正常风速下的换热系数增大,使得低温热管的换热效率得到提高,风力发电机8和太阳能电池9获得的电能通过线束11储存在埋在地下的蓄电池及智能开关13,在夜间蓄电池及智能开关13通过线束11向照明灯10供电,达到离网照明的效果,通过排污检查口12排出和清理灯杆6内部由送风口14进入的雨水和灰尘积物等,以免影响换热效率。
进一步:翅片3采用螺旋翅片,与空气充分接触,增强换热效率。
进一步:送风口14的数量为三个,三个送风口14均匀分布在灯杆6上,每个送风口14的横截面大小占灯杆6横截面的六分之一,送风口14的高度与翅片3的高度相对应。。
本实施方式只是对本专利的示例性说明,并不限定它的保护范围,本领域技术人员还可以对其局部进行改变,只要没有超出本专利的精神实质,都在本专利的保护范围内。

Claims (3)

1.离网型风、光互补照明式低温热管,其特征在于:包括低温热管、灯杆(6)、抽风口(7)、风力发电机(8)、太阳能电池(9)、照明灯(10)、线束(11)、排污检查口(12)、蓄电池及智能开关(13)和送风口(14),
低温热管包括加热段(2)、翅片(3)、工质(4)和冷凝段(5);
所述冷凝段(5)与加热段(2)上下制成一体,加热段(2)埋于土壤(1)中,工质(4)存放在加热段(2)内,冷凝段(5)设置在灯杆(6)内,冷凝段(5)的外表面设有翅片(3),灯杆(6)的下部设有有排污检查口(12)和多个送风口(14),排污检查口(12)位于送风口(14)的下方,土壤(1)内还埋设有蓄电池及智能开关(13);灯杆(6)固定于地面上,灯杆(6)的顶端设有抽风口(7),向下依次安装有风力发电机(8)、太阳能电池(9)和照明灯(10),风力发电机(8)、太阳能电池(9)和照明灯(10)通过线束(11)与蓄电池及智能开关(13)建立连接。
2.根据权利要求1所述的离网型风、光互补照明式低温热管,其特征在于:翅片(3)采用螺旋翅片。
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的离网型风、光互补照明式低温热管,其特征在于:送风口(14)的数量为三个,三个送风口(14)均匀分布在灯杆(6)上,每个送风口(14)的横截面大小占灯杆(6)横截面的六分之一,送风口(14)的高度与翅片(3)的高度相对应。
CN201610966430.8A 2016-10-28 2016-10-28 离网型风、光互补照明式低温热管 Pending CN106524056A (zh)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108954187A (zh) * 2018-07-27 2018-12-07 许炳初 一种太阳能路灯
CN109653056A (zh) * 2018-12-25 2019-04-19 航天科工哈尔滨风华有限公司 一种多功能融雪热管

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CN105133910A (zh) * 2015-07-31 2015-12-09 航天科工哈尔滨风华有限公司 一种适用于冻土地带的电线杆
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US20160192796A1 (en) * 2011-08-22 2016-07-07 Jonas Richert Bubble generation novelty item
CN204665993U (zh) * 2014-11-12 2015-09-23 杭州哲达科技股份有限公司 一种超导热管换热器装置
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108954187A (zh) * 2018-07-27 2018-12-07 许炳初 一种太阳能路灯
CN109653056A (zh) * 2018-12-25 2019-04-19 航天科工哈尔滨风华有限公司 一种多功能融雪热管

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Application publication date: 20170322