CN106522364B - 'garland' steel structure system for stadium periphery and installation process thereof - Google Patents

'garland' steel structure system for stadium periphery and installation process thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106522364B
CN106522364B CN201611177135.0A CN201611177135A CN106522364B CN 106522364 B CN106522364 B CN 106522364B CN 201611177135 A CN201611177135 A CN 201611177135A CN 106522364 B CN106522364 B CN 106522364B
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garland
steel
node
roof
cable
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CN106522364A (en
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曹云宝
巫明杰
汤俊其
王欢
李敬
蒋斌
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Jiangsu Huning Steel Mechanism Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Huning Steel Mechanism Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/19Three-dimensional framework structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/19Three-dimensional framework structures
    • E04B2001/1996Tensile-integrity structures, i.e. structures comprising compression struts connected through flexible tension members, e.g. cables

Abstract

The invention discloses a 'garland' steel structure system used for the periphery of a stadium, which comprises: the house comprises an outer cover structure and a roof structure, wherein the outer cover structure is a garland structure system; the garland structure system comprises a garland structure, the top of the garland structure is provided with an outer steel ring beam, and the outer cover structure is arranged on the periphery of the building main body; the roof structure comprises a tension inner ring, a compression outer ring and a roof, wherein a tensioning system is arranged in the roof, the tensioning system is arranged between the tension inner ring and the compression outer ring, the tension inner ring and the compression outer ring form a balance structure system, the roof structure is arranged above the outer cover structure, and the roof structure and the outer cover structure are connected through a diagonal bracing structure. According to the invention, the outer cover structure and the roof structure are arranged outside the building main body to achieve a good protection effect, wherein the outer cover structure adopts the garland structure, so that the building main body is more attractive, the building main body is effectively prevented from being directly exposed outside for a long time, and the building main body is well protected and protected.

Description

'garland' steel structure system for stadium periphery and installation process thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of production and manufacturing, and particularly relates to a garland steel structure system for the periphery of a stadium and an installation process thereof.
Background
With the rapid development of social economy, all walks of life are continuously developed, the pace of work and life of people is continuously accelerated, the modernization and the intellectualization of both the production of enterprises and the life of people are realized, the requirements of people on various products are more and more high, and the same is true of the building industry. At present most buildings are all made of reinforced concrete, the whole construction period is long, the requirement on weather is high, once the temperature is low, concrete is easy to freeze and cannot be normally constructed, so that the construction period of a project is seriously affected, and meanwhile, the required materials of the reinforced concrete building are more, the required labor is more, and the construction cost is increased.
Most of the existing reinforced concrete buildings are painted on the surface of the building or ceramic tiles are pasted on the surface of the building, the painting time is limited, and the painting is easy to fade after long time, so that the attractiveness and the weather resistance of the existing reinforced concrete buildings are affected; moreover, because of the characteristics of the reinforced concrete buildings, most of the built buildings are of medium and medium distance, a lot of nice assumptions of architects and design are difficult to realize in the actual construction process due to the limitation of building one brick by one brick of the concrete buildings, so that the construction of the buildings from the design to the later period is subjected to a lot of constraints, and the development of the whole building industry can be influenced for a long time.
Meanwhile, the periphery of the existing reinforced concrete building is not shielded, so that the appearance is not only influenced, but also aging is easily caused after the existing reinforced concrete building is exposed for a long time, the quality of the building is seriously influenced after the existing reinforced concrete building is exposed for a long time, the resistance of the existing reinforced concrete building to natural disasters and external damage is greatly reduced, and the existing reinforced concrete building is still to be improved.
Disclosure of Invention
The purpose of the invention is as follows: in order to overcome the defects, the invention aims to provide the garland steel structure system for the periphery of the stadium, which is simple in structure, reasonable in design, capable of playing a good role in beauty and playing a good role in protecting a main building.
The technical scheme is as follows: in order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a "garland" steel structure system for stadium perimeter, comprising: the structure comprises an outer cover structure and a roof structure, wherein the outer cover structure is a garland structure system; the garland structure system comprises a garland structure, an outer steel ring beam is arranged at the top of the garland structure, the garland structure and the outer steel ring beam are connected through a cantilever steel pipe, and the outer cover structure is arranged on the periphery of the building main body; the roof structure comprises inner ring, the outer ring of pressurized and the roofing of drawing, be equipped with the stretch-draw system in the roofing, the stretch-draw system is located and is drawn between inner ring, the pressurized outer ring, and the three forms balanced structure system, the top of dustcoat structure is located to the roof structure, just, connect through the bracing structure between roof structure and the dustcoat structure.
According to the garland steel structure system for the periphery of the stadium, the outer cover structure and the roof structure are arranged outside the building main body to achieve a good protection effect, wherein the outer cover structure adopts the garland structure, so that the building main body is more attractive, and meanwhile, the building main body is effectively prevented from being directly exposed outside for a long time, so that the building main body is well protected and protected, the service life of the building main body is effectively prolonged, and the later-period use safety is improved.
Furthermore, the garland structure is a garland structure with a box-shaped section and is composed of garland nodes and support garlands, the garland nodes are connected with the support garlands through garland tie bars, and the protective capacity of the outer cover is improved by utilizing the characteristics of the garlands.
Furthermore, the garland node comprises a lower flange plate and an upper flange plate, the upper flange plate is arranged above the lower flange plate, a reinforcing rib plate is arranged between the upper flange plate and the lower flange plate, a partition plate is arranged in the middle of the reinforcing rib plate, and the edge between the upper flange plate and the lower flange plate is connected through a web. The resistance to the outside is greatly improved, the safety performance of the whole building is improved, and the requirements of construction and later-period use are better met.
Furthermore, the inner tension ring is composed of an upper inner ring, a lower inner ring, rigid support rods and an inclined guy cable, the upper inner ring is arranged above the lower inner ring, the rigid support rods are arranged between the upper inner ring and the lower inner ring, and the inclined guy cable is obliquely pulled on a diagonal line of the two rigid support rods.
Furthermore, a steel pipe truss is arranged in the pressed outer ring and is integrated with the side supporting structure.
Furthermore, the roof part comprises an upper chord layer, a lower chord layer and a roof cable membrane structure, the upper chord layer comprises a rhombic grid cable net, the lower chord is a cable structure with ribs arranged in the direction, a double-layer structure system is formed between the upper chord layer and the lower chord layer by cables, and the roof cable membrane structure is arranged above the double-layer structure system.
Furthermore, the cable membrane structure of the roof comprises a cable truss and a cable membrane framework, two ends of the cable truss are respectively connected with the outer cover structure and the building main body, and the cable membrane framework is arranged on the cable truss.
Furthermore, the bracing structure includes steel bracing and steel batter post, but steel bracing one end and outer steel ring beam do swing joint, and the other end is fixed in on the building subject, the one end of steel batter post is detained through adjusting and is located between two outer steel ring beams, and the other end is fixed in on the building subject, just, the steel batter post is located between two steel batter posts.
Further, the mounting process of the 'garland' steel structure system for the stadium periphery comprises the following specific mounting processes:
(1): firstly, building a main building body by using reinforced concrete according to a construction drawing;
(2): after the building main body is built, starting to install the outer cover structure and the roof structure on the periphery of the building main body;
(3): firstly, assembling X-shaped nodes in the garland structure on the ground, and simultaneously building temporary supports;
(4): after the X-shaped node and the temporary support in the garland structure are built in the previous step, the X-shaped node is hoisted, in the hoisting process, the garland structure integrally inclines outwards by 10 degrees, and the vertical plane of the integral structure forms an angle of 80 degrees with the horizontal ground;
(5): in the hoisting process, a scheme of 'ground positioning in advance and then high-altitude positioning' is adopted, namely: firstly, leveling on a ground site, paving a road base plate or a rigid platform in a horizontal state, and marking an X node positioning axis line on the road base plate or the rigid platform; erecting a jig frame upright post, installing a positioning garland node (34), and finally dismantling the connection between the upright post and the jig frame foundation to hoist the positioned garland node (34) together with the upright post to a high altitude position;
(6): after the garland node is positioned, the support is garland and hoisted to a proper position, the garland node and the support are connected through a garland tie rod, and then the garland node is installed and positioned in an embedding mode;
(7): repeating the steps (4) to (6) to finish the installation of the garlands of the building main body, installing an outer steel ring beam at the top of the garland structure, and connecting the outer steel ring beam with the garlands through the overhanging steel pipes in the process of installing the outer steel ring beam, namely forming the outer cover structure;
(8): after the outer cover structure is formed, the outer cover structure and the building main body are fixed through an inclined strut structure, namely one end of each steel inclined strut is movably connected with the outer steel ring beam, the other end of each steel inclined strut is fixed on the building main body, one end of each steel inclined strut is arranged between the two outer steel ring beams through an adjusting buckle, the other end of each steel inclined strut is fixed on the building main body, and each steel inclined strut is arranged between the two steel inclined struts; the installation of the outer cover structure is completed;
(9): then, the roof structure is installed, namely, the tensioned inner ring is installed firstly, the upper inner ring is arranged above the lower inner ring, the rigid stay bar is arranged between the upper inner ring and the lower inner ring, and the inclined stay cable is obliquely pulled on the diagonal line of the two rigid stay bars;
(10): then, installing the pressed outer ring, and installing the roof after the pressed outer ring is installed;
(11): in the process of roof installation, an upper chord layer and a lower chord layer are sequentially installed, and a double-layer structure system is formed between the upper chord layer and the lower chord layer by using a guy cable;
(12): then, installing a cable truss and a cable membrane framework in the cable membrane structure of the roof, namely connecting two ends of the cable truss with the outer cover structure and the building main body respectively, wherein the cable membrane framework is arranged on the cable truss, and thus the installation of a 'garland' steel structure system for the periphery of a stadium is completed;
(13): and finally, inspecting the installed 'garland' steel structure system.
Further, the mounting process for the steel structure system of the 'garland' around the stadium is characterized in that the specific mounting process of the 'garland' is as follows:
(1): marking out the central line and the outer contour line of the garland node on the rigid platform, and erecting a jig frame according to the line type; the position of the jig frame in the middle part along the length direction is determined according to the positions of the garland nodes on the space position and the temporary support, and the distance between the positions should not exceed the width of the corresponding support platform;
(2): the garland node is hung on a jig frame for positioning, namely: the positioning process of the nodes on the jig frame is an installation positioning process, and only the spatial height positions are different; during positioning, strictly controlling the installation precision of each port position of the node, and detecting whether the elevation of the upper chord at the central position of the node meets the requirement or not;
(3): after the installation and positioning of the nodes are completed, the nodes are reliably fixed and are detected by a full-time inspector; in the detection process, a method combining a hammer line method and a total station is adopted for detection;
(4): after the detection is qualified, removing the connection between the bed jig stand column at the middle part and the rigid platform, removing the connection between the bed jig stand column templates at the two ends and the nodes, polishing the horse feet and then coating primer;
(5): then, removing the tire of the garland node, wherein the tire frame at the middle part is connected to the garland node in the process, and hoisting the garland node to a temporary support upper platform for installation and positioning;
(6): after the installation and positioning of the garland nodes are completed, the garland of the support is segmented; erecting a temporary support, and fixing by adopting a guy cable and the like;
(7): hanging the garland nodes qualified in ground positioning in advance on a temporary supporting platform for positioning;
(8): then, the positioned garland nodes and the support garlands are connected through the garland tie rods;
(9): then, an upper garland node is installed, and the upper garland node and the support garland are connected through the garland tie bar, so that the installation of a garland component is completed;
(10): after the garland component is installed in the previous step, the garland component is slowly dropped to a position close to the installation position, a crane can reach the component by hands, and the garland component is installed by using temporary supports in an auxiliary way, and is fixed by a clamping plate after being hoisted in place so as to prevent the end part from shifting;
(12): after the positioning, timely aligning according to an assembly opening between the garland components and a measuring and positioning axis of the temporary support top, temporarily fixing the garland node part with a jig frame, and fixing the interface part by positioning welding;
(13): and (3) positioning control of the garland members, namely marking the positioning points of the total station instrument and the center lines of the interfaces on each garland member in a subsection mode before hoisting, ensuring that the center lines of the interfaces are aligned when the garland members are in place, and accurately measuring and correcting by using the total station instrument.
The technical scheme shows that the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the garland steel structure system for the periphery of the stadium, the outer cover structure and the roof structure are arranged outside the building main body to achieve a good protection effect, wherein the outer cover structure adopts the garland structure, so that the building main body is more attractive, and meanwhile, the building main body is effectively prevented from being directly exposed outside for a long time, so that the building main body is well protected and protected, the service life of the building main body is effectively prolonged, and the later-period use safety is improved.
2. The roof structure comprises an upper chord layer, a lower chord layer and a roof cable membrane structure, wherein the upper chord layer is composed of a rhombic grid cable net, the lower chord is a cable structure arranged in the rib direction, a double-layer structure system is formed between the upper chord layer and the lower chord layer by cables, and the roof cable membrane structure is arranged above the double-layer structure system.
3. According to the installation process of the 'garland' steel structure system for the periphery of the stadium, the garland-shaped outer cover structure is installed on the periphery of the building main body, the roof structure is arranged at the top of the building main body, so that the building main body can play a good role in beauty, meanwhile, the building main body can be well protected, the whole installation process is simple and easy to realize, the quality of the whole steel structure system can be improved to the maximum extent, the stability and the safety of later use are greatly improved, and the requirements of developers and clients are better met.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the internal structure of the X node in the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of an X node in the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of an installation structure of an X node in the present invention;
in the figure: the structure comprises an outer cover structure-1, a roof structure-2, an upper inner ring-21, a lower inner ring-22, a rigid stay bar-23, an oblique stay cable-24, a garland structure system-3, a garland structure-31, an outer steel ring beam-32, an overhanging steel pipe-33, a garland node-34, a support garland-35, a garland tie bar-36, a lower flange plate-341, an upper flange plate-342, a reinforcing rib plate-343, a clapboard-344, a web-345, a cable truss-6 and a cable membrane framework-7.
Detailed Description
The invention is further elucidated with reference to the drawings and the embodiments.
Examples
The 'garland' steel structure system for the stadium periphery as shown in fig. 1 to 4 is characterized in that: the house roof structure comprises an outer cover structure 1 and a house roof structure 2, wherein the outer cover structure 1 is a garland structure system 3;
the garland structure system 3 comprises a garland structure 31, an outer steel ring beam 32 is arranged at the top of the garland structure 31, the garland structure 31 and the outer steel ring beam 32 are connected through an overhanging steel pipe 33, and the outer cover structure 1 is arranged on the periphery of the building main body 4;
roof structure 2 comprises tension inner ring, pressurized outer ring and roofing, be equipped with the stretch-draw system in the roofing, the stretch-draw system is located between tension inner ring, the pressurized outer ring, and the three forms balanced structure system, roof structure 2 locates the top of dustcoat structure 1, just, connect through bracing structure 5 between roof structure 2 and the dustcoat structure 1.
Further, the garland structure 31 is a garland structure with a box-shaped cross section, and is composed of a garland node 34 and a support garland 35, and the garland node 34 is connected with the support garland 35 through a garland tie bar 36.
Further, the garland node 34 includes a lower flange plate 341 and an upper flange plate 342, the upper flange plate 342 is disposed above the lower flange plate 341, a reinforcing rib plate 343 is disposed between the upper flange plate 342 and the lower flange plate 341, a partition 344 is disposed in the middle of the reinforcing rib plate 343, and the edges between the upper flange plate 342 and the lower flange plate 341 are connected by a web 345.
Further, the inner tension ring is composed of an upper inner ring 21, a lower inner ring 22, a rigid stay 23 and an inclined stay 24, the upper inner ring 21 is arranged above the lower inner ring 22, the rigid stay 23 is arranged between the upper inner ring 21 and the lower inner ring 22, and the inclined stay 24 is obliquely pulled on a diagonal line of the two rigid stays 23.
Further, a steel pipe truss is arranged in the pressed outer ring, and the steel pipe truss and the side supporting structure form a whole.
Further, the roof part comprises an upper chord layer, a lower chord layer and a roof cable membrane structure, the upper chord layer comprises a rhombic grid cable net, the lower chord is a cable structure with ribs arranged in the direction, a double-layer structure system is formed between the upper chord layer and the lower chord layer through cables, and the roof cable membrane structure is arranged above the double-layer structure system.
Further, the cable membrane structure of the roof comprises a cable truss 6 and a cable membrane framework 7, two ends of the cable truss 6 are respectively connected with the outer cover structure 1 and the building main body 4, and the cable membrane framework 7 is arranged on the cable truss 6.
Further, bracing structure 5 includes steel bracing 51 and steel batter post 52, but steel bracing 51 one end and outer steel ring beam 32 are swing joint, and the other end is fixed in on building subject 4, the one end of steel batter post 52 is detained through adjusting and is located between two outer steel ring beams 32, and the other end is fixed in on building subject 4, just, steel batter post 52 is located between two steel bracing 51.
Example 2
The 'garland' steel structure system for the stadium periphery as shown in fig. 1 to 4 is characterized in that: the house comprises a housing structure 1 and a roof structure 2, wherein the housing structure 1 is a garland structure system 3;
the garland structure system 3 comprises a garland structure 31, an outer steel ring beam 32 is arranged at the top of the garland structure 31, the garland structure 31 and the outer steel ring beam 32 are connected through an overhanging steel pipe 33, and the outer cover structure 1 is arranged on the periphery of the building main body 4;
roof structure 2 comprises tension inner ring, pressurized outer ring and roofing, be equipped with the stretch-draw system in the roofing, the stretch-draw system is located between tension inner ring, the pressurized outer ring, and the three forms balanced structure system, roof structure 2 locates the top of dustcoat structure 1, just, connect through bracing structure 5 between roof structure 2 and the dustcoat structure 1.
Further, the garland structure 31 is a garland structure with a box-shaped cross section, and is composed of a garland node 34 and a support garland 35, and the garland node 34 is connected with the support garland 35 through a garland tie rod 36.
Further, the garland node 34 includes a lower flange plate 341 and an upper flange plate 342, the upper flange plate 342 is disposed above the lower flange plate 341, a reinforcing rib plate 343 is disposed between the upper flange plate 342 and the lower flange plate 341, a partition 344 is disposed in the middle of the reinforcing rib plate 343, and the edges between the upper flange plate 342 and the lower flange plate 341 are connected by a web 345.
Further, the inner tension ring is composed of an upper inner ring 21, a lower inner ring 22, a rigid stay 23 and an inclined stay 24, the upper inner ring 21 is arranged above the lower inner ring 22, the rigid stay 23 is arranged between the upper inner ring 21 and the lower inner ring 22, and the inclined stay 24 is obliquely pulled on a diagonal line of the two rigid stays 23.
Further, a steel pipe truss is arranged in the pressed outer ring, and the steel pipe truss and the side supporting structure form a whole.
Further, the roof part comprises an upper chord layer, a lower chord layer and a roof cable membrane structure, the upper chord layer comprises a rhombic grid cable net, the lower chord is a cable structure with ribs arranged in the direction, a double-layer structure system is formed between the upper chord layer and the lower chord layer through cables, and the roof cable membrane structure is arranged above the double-layer structure system.
Further, the cable membrane structure of the roof comprises a cable truss 6 and a cable membrane framework 7, two ends of the cable truss 6 are respectively connected with the outer cover structure 1 and the building main body 4, and the cable membrane framework 7 is arranged on the cable truss 6.
Further, bracing structure 5 includes steel bracing 51 and steel batter post 52, but steel bracing 51 one end and outer steel ring beam 32 are swing joint, and the other end is fixed in on building subject 4, the one end of steel batter post 52 is detained through adjusting and is located between two outer steel ring beams 32, and the other end is fixed in on building subject 4, just, steel batter post 52 is located between two steel bracing 51.
Further, the mounting process of the 'garland' steel structure system for the stadium periphery comprises the following specific mounting processes:
(1): firstly, building a building main body 4 by using reinforced concrete according to a construction drawing;
(2): after the building main body 4 is built, the outer cover structure 1 and the roof structure 2 on the periphery of the building main body are installed;
(3): firstly, assembling X-shaped nodes in the garland structure 31 on the ground, and simultaneously building temporary supports;
(4): after the X-shaped node and the temporary support in the garland structure 31 in the previous step are built, the X-shaped node is hoisted, in the hoisting process, the garland structure integrally inclines outwards by 10 degrees, and the vertical plane of the integral structure forms an angle of 80 degrees with the horizontal plane of the ground;
(5): in the hoisting process, a scheme of 'ground positioning in advance and then high-altitude positioning' is adopted, namely: firstly, leveling on a ground site, paving a road base plate or a rigid platform (in a horizontal state), and marking an X node positioning axis line on the road base plate or the rigid platform; erecting a jig frame upright post, installing and positioning the garland node 34, and finally removing the connection between the upright post and the jig frame foundation to hoist the positioned garland node 34 together with the upright post to a high altitude position;
(6): after the garland node 34 is positioned, the support garland 35 is hoisted to a proper position, the garland node and the support garland are connected through a garland tie bar 36, and then the garland node is installed and positioned in an embedding mode;
(7): repeating the steps (4) to (6) to finish the installation of the garlands of the building main body 4, installing the outer steel ring beam 32 on the top of the garland structure 31, and connecting the outer steel ring beam 32 with the garland structure 31 through the overhanging steel pipe 33 in the process of installing the outer steel ring beam 32, namely forming the housing structure 1;
(8): after the outer cover structure 1 is formed, the outer cover structure 1 and the building main body 4 are fixed through the inclined strut structure 5, namely, one end of each steel inclined strut 51 is movably connected with the outer steel ring beam 32, the other end of each steel inclined strut is fixed on the building main body 4, one end of each steel inclined strut 52 is arranged between the two outer steel ring beams 32 through an adjusting buckle, the other end of each steel inclined strut 52 is fixed on the building main body 4, and the steel inclined struts 52 are arranged between the two steel inclined struts 51; the installation of the housing structure 1 is completed;
(9): then, the roof structure 2 is installed, namely, the pulled inner ring is installed firstly, the upper inner ring 21 is arranged above the lower inner ring 22, the rigid stay 23 is arranged between the upper inner ring 21 and the lower inner ring 22, and the inclined stay 24 is obliquely pulled on the diagonal line of the two rigid stay 23;
(10): then, installing the pressed outer ring, and installing the roof after the pressed outer ring is installed;
(11): in the process of roof installation, an upper chord layer and a lower chord layer are sequentially installed, and then a double-layer structure system is formed between the upper chord layer and the lower chord layer by using a guy cable;
(12): then, installing a cable truss 6 and a cable membrane framework 7 in the cable membrane structure of the roof, namely, connecting two ends of the cable truss 6 with the outer cover structure 1 and the building main body 4 respectively, and arranging the cable membrane framework 7 on the cable truss 6, so as to finish the installation of a 'garland' steel structure system for the periphery of a stadium;
(13): and finally, inspecting the installed 'garland' steel structure system.
Example 3
The 'garland' steel structure system for the stadium periphery as shown in fig. 1 to 4 is characterized in that: the house roof structure comprises an outer cover structure 1 and a house roof structure 2, wherein the outer cover structure 1 is a garland structure system 3;
the garland structure system 3 comprises a garland structure 31, an outer steel ring beam 32 is arranged at the top of the garland structure 31, the garland structure 31 and the outer steel ring beam 32 are connected through an overhanging steel pipe 33, and the outer cover structure 1 is arranged on the periphery of the building main body 4;
roof structure 2 comprises tension inner ring, pressurized outer ring and roofing, be equipped with the stretch-draw system in the roofing, the stretch-draw system is located between tension inner ring, the pressurized outer ring, and the three forms balanced structure system, roof structure 2 locates the top of dustcoat structure 1, just, connect through bracing structure 5 between roof structure 2 and the dustcoat structure 1.
Further, the garland structure 31 is a garland structure with a box-shaped cross section, and is composed of a garland node 34 and a support garland 35, and the garland node 34 is connected with the support garland 35 through a garland tie bar 36.
Further, the garland node 34 includes a lower flange plate 341 and an upper flange plate 342, the upper flange plate 342 is disposed above the lower flange plate 341, a reinforcing rib plate 343 is disposed between the upper flange plate 342 and the lower flange plate 341, a partition 344 is disposed in the middle of the reinforcing rib plate 343, and the edges between the upper flange plate 342 and the lower flange plate 341 are connected by a web 345.
Further, the inner tension ring is composed of an upper inner ring 21, a lower inner ring 22, a rigid stay 23 and an inclined stay 24, the upper inner ring 21 is arranged above the lower inner ring 22, the rigid stay 23 is arranged between the upper inner ring 21 and the lower inner ring 22, and the inclined stay 24 is obliquely pulled on a diagonal line of the two rigid stays 23.
Further, a steel pipe truss is arranged in the pressed outer ring, and the steel pipe truss and the side supporting structure form a whole.
Further, the roof part comprises an upper chord layer, a lower chord layer and a roof cable membrane structure, the upper chord layer comprises a rhombic grid cable net, the lower chord is a cable structure with ribs arranged in the direction, a double-layer structure system is formed between the upper chord layer and the lower chord layer through cables, and the roof cable membrane structure is arranged above the double-layer structure system.
Further, the cable membrane structure of the roof comprises a cable truss 6 and a cable membrane framework 7, two ends of the cable truss 6 are respectively connected with the outer cover structure 1 and the building main body 4, and the cable membrane framework 7 is arranged on the cable truss 6.
Further, bracing structure 5 includes steel bracing 51 and steel batter post 52, but steel bracing 51 one end and outer steel ring beam 32 are swing joint, and the other end is fixed in on building subject 4, the one end of steel batter post 52 is detained through adjusting and is located between two outer steel ring beams 32, and the other end is fixed in on building subject 4, just, steel batter post 52 is located between two steel bracing 51.
Further, the mounting process of the 'garland' steel structure system for the stadium periphery comprises the following specific mounting processes:
(1): firstly, building a building main body 4 by using reinforced concrete according to a construction drawing;
(2): after the building main body 4 is built, the outer cover structure 1 and the roof structure 2 on the periphery of the building main body are installed;
(3): firstly, assembling X-shaped nodes in the garland structure 31 on the ground, and simultaneously building temporary supports;
(4): after the X-shaped node and the temporary support in the garland structure 31 in the previous step are built, the X-shaped node is hoisted, in the hoisting process, the garland structure integrally inclines outwards by 10 degrees, and the vertical plane of the integral structure forms an angle of 80 degrees with the horizontal plane of the ground;
(5): in the hoisting process, a scheme of 'ground positioning in advance and then high-altitude positioning' is adopted, namely: firstly, leveling on a ground site, paving a road base plate or a rigid platform (in a horizontal state), and marking an X node positioning axis line on the road base plate or the rigid platform; erecting a jig frame upright post, installing and positioning the garland node 34, and finally removing the connection between the upright post and the jig frame foundation to hoist the positioned garland node 34 together with the upright post to a high altitude position;
(6): after the garland node 34 is positioned, the support garland 35 is hoisted to a proper position, the garland node and the support garland are connected through a garland tie bar 36, and then the garland node is installed and positioned in an embedding mode;
(7): repeating the steps (4) to (6) to finish the installation of the garlands of the building main body 4, installing the outer steel ring beam 32 on the top of the garland structure 31, and connecting the outer steel ring beam 32 with the garland structure 31 through the overhanging steel pipe 33 in the process of installing the outer steel ring beam 32, namely forming the housing structure 1;
(8): after the housing structure 1 is formed, the housing structure 1 and the building body 4 are fixed through the inclined strut structure 5, namely, one end of each steel inclined strut 51 is movably connected with the outer steel ring beam 32, the other end of each steel inclined strut is fixed on the building body 4, one end of each steel inclined strut 52 is arranged between the two outer steel ring beams 32 through an adjusting buckle, the other end of each steel inclined strut 52 is fixed on the building body 4, and the steel inclined struts 52 are arranged between the two steel inclined struts 51; the installation of the housing structure 1 is completed;
(9): then, the roof structure 2 is installed, namely, the pulled inner ring is installed firstly, the upper inner ring 21 is arranged above the lower inner ring 22, the rigid stay 23 is arranged between the upper inner ring 21 and the lower inner ring 22, and the inclined stay 24 is obliquely pulled on the diagonal line of the two rigid stay 23;
(10): then, installing the pressed outer ring, and installing the roof after the pressed outer ring is installed;
(11): in the process of roof installation, an upper chord layer and a lower chord layer are sequentially installed, and a double-layer structure system is formed between the upper chord layer and the lower chord layer by using a guy cable;
(12): then, installing a cable truss 6 and a cable membrane framework 7 in the cable membrane structure of the roof, namely, connecting two ends of the cable truss 6 with the outer cover structure 1 and the building main body 4 respectively, and arranging the cable membrane framework 7 on the cable truss 6, so as to finish the installation of a 'garland' steel structure system for the periphery of a stadium;
(13): and finally, inspecting the installed 'garland' steel structure system.
A mounting process for a 'garland' steel structure system around a stadium is characterized in that: the specific mounting process of the garland comprises the following steps:
(1): marking out the central line and the outer contour line of the garland node 34 on the rigid platform, and erecting a jig frame according to the line type; the position of the jig frame in the middle part along the length direction is determined according to the positions of the garland nodes 34 on the space position and the temporary support, and the distance between the garland nodes does not exceed the width of the corresponding support platform;
(2): and (3) hanging the garland node 34 on a jig frame for positioning, namely: the positioning process of the nodes on the jig frame is an installation positioning process, and only the spatial height positions are different; during positioning, strictly controlling the installation precision of each port position of the node, and detecting whether the elevation of the upper chord at the central position of the node meets the requirement or not;
(3): after the installation and positioning of the nodes are completed, the nodes are reliably fixed and are detected by a full-time inspector; in the detection process, a method combining a hammer line method and a total station is adopted for detection;
(4): after the detection is qualified, removing the connection between the bed jig stand column at the middle part and the rigid platform, removing the connection between the bed jig stand column templates at the two ends and the nodes, polishing the horse feet and then coating primer;
(5): then, carrying out tire removal on the garland node 34, wherein a jig frame at the middle part is connected to the garland node 34 in the process, and hoisting the garland node to a temporary support upper platform for installation and positioning;
(6): after the installation and positioning of the garland nodes 34 are completed, the support garlands 35 are segmented; erecting a temporary support, and fixing by adopting a guy cable and the like;
(7): hanging the qualified broaching node 34 on the temporary supporting platform for positioning;
(8): then, the positioned garland node 34 and the support garland 35 are connected through a garland tie bar 36;
(9): then, an upper garland node 34 is installed, and the upper garland node 34 and the support garland 35 are connected through a garland tie bar 36, so that the installation of a garland component is completed;
(10): after the garland component is installed in the previous step, the garland component is slowly dropped to a position close to the installation position, a crane can reach the component by hands, and the garland component is installed by using temporary supports in an auxiliary way, and is fixed by a clamping plate after being hoisted in place so as to prevent the end part from shifting;
(12): after the positioning, timely aligning according to an assembly opening between the garland components and a measuring and positioning axis of the temporary support top, temporarily fixing the garland node 34 part with a jig frame, and fixing the interface part by positioning welding;
(13): and (3) positioning control of the garland members, namely marking the positioning points of the total station instrument and the center lines of the interfaces on each garland member in a subsection mode before hoisting, ensuring that the center lines of the interfaces are aligned when the garland members are in place, and accurately measuring and correcting by using the total station instrument.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that modifications can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the principle of the present invention, and these modifications should also be construed as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. A "garland" steel construction system for stadium is peripheral which characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps: the house comprises a housing structure (1) and a roof structure (2), wherein the housing structure (1) is a garland structure system (3);
the garland structure system (3) comprises a garland structure (31), an outer steel ring beam (32) is arranged at the top of the garland structure (31), the garland structure (31) and the outer steel ring beam (32) are connected through an overhanging steel pipe (33), and the outer cover structure (1) is arranged on the periphery of the building main body (4);
the roof structure (2) is composed of a tension inner ring, a compression outer ring and a roof, a tensioning system is arranged in the roof and is arranged between the tension inner ring and the compression outer ring to form a balance structure system, the roof structure (2) is arranged above the outer cover structure (1), and the roof structure (2) and the outer cover structure (1) are connected through an inclined strut structure (5); the garland structure (31) is a garland structure with a box-shaped section and is composed of a garland node (34) and a support garland (35), and the garland node (34) is connected with the support garland (35) through a garland tie rod (36);
the garland node (34) comprises a lower flange plate (341) and an upper flange plate (342), the upper flange plate (342) is arranged above the lower flange plate (341), a reinforcing rib plate (343) is arranged between the upper flange plate (342) and the lower flange plate (341), a partition plate (344) is arranged in the middle of the reinforcing rib plate (343), and the edges between the upper flange plate (342) and the lower flange plate (341) are connected through a web plate (345); the tension inner ring consists of an upper inner ring (21), a lower inner ring (22), rigid support rods (23) and an inclined guy cable (24), wherein the upper inner ring (21) is arranged above the lower inner ring (22), the rigid support rods (23) are arranged between the upper inner ring (21) and the lower inner ring (22), and the inclined guy cable (24) is obliquely pulled on the diagonal of the two rigid support rods (23); a steel pipe truss is arranged in the pressed outer ring and integrated with the side supporting structure; the roof part consists of an upper chord layer, a lower chord layer and a roof cable membrane structure, wherein the upper chord layer consists of a rhombic grid cable net, the lower chord is a cable structure with ribs arranged in the direction, a double-layer structure system is formed between the upper chord layer and the lower chord layer by cables, and the roof cable membrane structure is arranged above the double-layer structure system; the cable membrane structure of the roof comprises a cable truss (6) and a cable membrane framework (7), two ends of the cable truss (6) are respectively connected with the outer cover structure (1) and the building main body (4), and the cable membrane framework (7) is arranged on the cable truss (6); the inclined strut structure (5) comprises steel inclined struts (51) and steel inclined columns (52), one ends of the steel inclined struts (51) are movably connected with the outer steel ring beams (32), the other ends of the steel inclined struts are fixed on the building main body (4), one ends of the steel inclined columns (52) are arranged between the two outer steel ring beams (32) through adjusting buckles, the other ends of the steel inclined columns are fixed on the building main body (4), and the steel inclined columns (52) are arranged between the two steel inclined struts (51);
the mounting process for the 'garland' steel structure system around the stadium comprises the following specific steps:
(1): firstly, building a building main body (4) by using reinforced concrete according to a construction drawing;
(2): after the building main body (4) is built, starting to install the outer cover structure (1) and the roof structure (2) on the periphery of the building main body;
(3): firstly, assembling X-shaped nodes in the garland structure (31) on the ground, and simultaneously building temporary supports;
(4): after the X-shaped node and the temporary support in the garland structure (31) in the previous step are built, the X-shaped node is hoisted, in the hoisting process, the garland structure integrally inclines outwards by 10 degrees, and the vertical plane of the integral structure forms an angle of 80 degrees with the horizontal plane of the ground;
(5): in the hoisting process, a scheme of 'ground positioning in advance and then high-altitude positioning' is adopted, namely: firstly, leveling on a ground site, paving a road base plate or a rigid platform in a horizontal state, and marking an X node positioning axis line on the road base plate or the rigid platform; erecting a jig frame upright post, installing a positioning garland node (34), and finally dismantling the connection between the upright post and the jig frame foundation to hoist the positioned garland node (34) together with the upright post to a high altitude position;
(6): after the garland node (34) is positioned, the support garland (35) is hoisted to a proper position, the garland node and the support garland are connected through a garland tie bar (36), and then the garland node and the support garland are installed and positioned in an embedding mode;
(7): repeating the steps (4) to (6) to finish the installation of the garlands of the building main body (4), installing an outer steel ring beam (32) at the top of the garland structure (31), and connecting the outer steel ring beam with the garland structure (31) through a cantilever steel pipe (33) in the process of installing the outer steel ring beam (32), namely forming the outer cover structure (1);
(8): after the outer cover structure (1) is formed, the outer cover structure (1) and the building main body (4) are fixed through the inclined strut structure (5), namely, one end of each steel inclined strut (51) is movably connected with the outer steel ring beam (32), the other end of each steel inclined strut is fixed on the building main body (4), one end of each steel inclined strut (52) is arranged between the two outer steel ring beams (32) through an adjusting buckle, the other end of each steel inclined strut is fixed on the building main body (4), and each steel inclined strut (52) is arranged between the two steel inclined struts (51); the installation of the outer cover structure (1) is completed;
(9): then the roof structure (2) is installed, namely, the tensioned inner ring is installed firstly, the upper inner ring (21) is arranged above the lower inner ring (22), the rigid stay bar (23) is arranged between the upper inner ring (21) and the lower inner ring (22), and the inclined stay cable (24) is obliquely pulled on the diagonal line of the two rigid stay bars (23);
(10): then, installing the pressed outer ring, and installing the roof after the pressed outer ring is installed;
(11): in the process of roof installation, an upper chord layer and a lower chord layer are sequentially installed, and a double-layer structure system is formed between the upper chord layer and the lower chord layer by using a guy cable;
(12): then, installing a cable truss (6) and a cable membrane framework (7) in the cable membrane structure of the roof, namely, connecting two ends of the cable truss (6) with the outer cover structure (1) and the building main body (4) respectively, wherein the cable membrane framework (7) is arranged on the cable truss (6), and thus, the installation of a 'garland' steel structure system for the periphery of a stadium is completed;
(13): finally, the mounted 'garland' steel structure system is inspected;
the specific installation process of the garland comprises the following steps:
(1): drawing a central line and an outer contour line of a garland node (34) on the rigid platform, and erecting a jig frame according to the line type; the position of the jig frame in the middle part along the length direction is determined according to the position of the garland nodes (34) on the space position and the temporary support, and the distance between the garland nodes and the temporary support does not exceed the width of the corresponding support platform;
(2): hanging the garland node (34) on a jig frame for positioning, namely: the positioning process of the nodes on the jig frame is an installation positioning process, and only the spatial height positions are different; during positioning, strictly controlling the installation precision of each port position of the node, and detecting whether the elevation of the upper chord at the central position of the node meets the requirement or not;
(3): after the installation and positioning of the nodes are completed, the nodes are reliably fixed and are detected by a full-time inspector; in the detection process, a method combining a hammer line method and a total station is adopted for detection;
(4): after the detection is qualified, removing the connection between the bed jig stand column at the middle part and the rigid platform, removing the connection between the bed jig stand column templates at the two ends and the nodes, polishing the horse feet and then coating primer;
(5): then, carrying out tire removal on the garland node (34), wherein a tire frame at the middle part is connected to the garland node (34) in the process, and hoisting the tire frame to a temporary support upper platform for installation and positioning;
(6): after the installation and positioning of the garland nodes (34) are completed, the support garlands (35) are segmented; erecting a temporary support, and fixing by adopting a guy cable;
(7): hanging the qualified broaching node (34) which is positioned on the ground in advance on a temporary supporting platform for positioning;
(8): then, the positioned garland node (34) and the support garland (35) are connected through a garland tie bar (36);
(9): then an upper garland node (34) is installed, and the upper garland node (34) is connected with a support garland (35) through a garland tie bar (36), so that the installation of a garland component is completed;
(10): after the garland component is installed in the previous step, the garland component is slowly dropped to a position close to the installation position, a crane worker can stretch out hands to touch the component, the temporary support is utilized for assisting installation, and the garland component is fixed by a clamping plate after being hoisted in place so as to prevent the end part from shifting;
(12): after the positioning, timely aligning according to an assembly opening between the garland components and a measuring and positioning axis of the temporary support top, temporarily fixing the garland node (34) part with a jig frame, and fixing the interface part by positioning welding;
(13): and (3) positioning control of the garland members, namely marking the positioning points of the total station instrument and the center lines of the interfaces on each garland member in a subsection mode before hoisting, ensuring that the center lines of the interfaces are aligned when the garland members are in place, and accurately measuring and correcting by using the total station instrument.
CN201611177135.0A 2016-12-19 2016-12-19 'garland' steel structure system for stadium periphery and installation process thereof Active CN106522364B (en)

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