CN106522268A - Agglomeration mode type reinforced masonry retaining wall - Google Patents

Agglomeration mode type reinforced masonry retaining wall Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106522268A
CN106522268A CN201611114657.6A CN201611114657A CN106522268A CN 106522268 A CN106522268 A CN 106522268A CN 201611114657 A CN201611114657 A CN 201611114657A CN 106522268 A CN106522268 A CN 106522268A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
retaining wall
reinforcing bar
vertical reinforcing
wall
bar
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611114657.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王凤来
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HARBIN DACHENG GREEN BUILDING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Original Assignee
HARBIN DACHENG GREEN BUILDING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HARBIN DACHENG GREEN BUILDING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical HARBIN DACHENG GREEN BUILDING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority to CN201611114657.6A priority Critical patent/CN106522268A/en
Publication of CN106522268A publication Critical patent/CN106522268A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/02Retaining or protecting walls
    • E02D29/0258Retaining or protecting walls characterised by constructional features
    • E02D29/0266Retaining or protecting walls characterised by constructional features made up of preformed elements

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • General Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Mining & Mineral Resources (AREA)
  • Paleontology (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Retaining Walls (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides an agglomeration mode type reinforced masonry retaining wall, relates to a retaining wall, and aims at solving the problems that the section of the body of an existing retaining wall is large, the brickwork load is high, a large area is used, the mechanical construction is difficult, the increase range of bending bearing capacity of the body of a reinforced block masonry retaining wall is limited, the top of the wall is laterally deformed, and cracks in the wall body are large. The agglomeration mode type reinforced masonry retaining wall is characterized in that a reinforced bar assembly comprises a plurality of horizontal reinforced bars and a plurality of vertical reinforced bars, wherein each vertical reinforced bar is a pre-stressed reinforced bar; a wall body is arranged between a pressing top for the retaining wall and a foundation for the retaining wall; the wall body is formed by sequentially arranging a plurality of rows of masonry forming bars from bottom to top; at least one horizontal groove is formed in the bottom surface of each building block; the horizontal grooves sequentially communicate to form a horizontal reinforced bar arranging channel; one horizontal reinforced bar is arranged in each horizontal reinforced bar arranging channel; at least two vertical reinforced bar arranging sections are formed between every two building blocks which are corresponding in top and bottom; a plurality of rows of masonry forming bars in the wall body form a plurality of vertical reinforced bar arranging channels from left to right. The agglomeration mode type reinforced masonry retaining wall is applied to the building field.

Description

A kind of reinforced masonry retaining wall of glomeration pattern
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of reinforced masonry retaining wall, belongs to Geotechnical Engineering field in civil engineering.
Background technology
Before armored concrete occurs, retaining wall is built up by barnacle body or mass concrete, both no arrangement of reinforcement, this Deadweight opposing soil pressure of a little bodies of wall by them, is so referred to as gravity retaining wall, and these bodies of wall are according to material therefor Comprcssive strength obtains their intensity or resistivity.The gear soil of many versions after armored concrete occurs, is developed Wall, such as cantilever retaining wall and counterfort wall, embedded rock pile plate type retaining wall, anchor retaining wall and anchored plate retaining wall, plus Muscle soil retaining wall.Wherein gravity retaining wall, cantilever retaining wall and counterfort wall is most widely used.
Gravity retaining wall is typically built by laying bricks or stones by block stone or concrete material, ripe with simple structure, construction technology and can The advantages of gathering materials on the spot, but as its structural stability mainly conducts oneself with dignity to ensure by wall body, thus have that wall body section is big, trowel used for plastering Work amount is big, it is more to take up an area, and be difficult to realize constructing mechanization and batch production the shortcomings of.Cantilever-type and counterfort wall structure shape Formula is more or less the same, and is built by Reinforced Concrete Materials, counterfort wall counterfort more than cantilever retaining wall, therefore The applicable wall of counterfort wall is tall and big in cantilever retaining wall, and cantilever retaining wall is used for municipal works and storing warehouse, Counterfort wall is generally used for important civil engineering.Although cantilever-type and counterfort wall are a kind of light and handy rational Gear version, but its working procedure is relative complex, and the duration is longer.
Reinforced masonry structure is the version of a kind of great application prospect and economic outlook.Abroad, armored concrete Block masonry retaining wall is widely used in the Retaining Wall Engineerings such as highway, railway, at home, the application of Retaining Walls of Hollow Concrete Blocks with Research is started late, and presently mainly many enterprises are cooperated with external retaining wall company, introduced external production technology and Design concept, but apply it is main or without muscle block masonry retaining wall.The characteristics of without muscle block masonry be its comprcssive strength compared with Height, and its tensile strength is very low, without muscle block masonry retaining wall under weight stress and soil pressure effect, its maxi-mum height is by nothing The tensile strength of muscle block masonry is determined, therefore its maxi-mum height is relatively low.For make up without muscle block masonry tensile strength it is low lack Fall into, reinforcing bar is set in masonry, form reinforced masonry structure, replace block masonry to undertake tension with reinforcing bar, can be significantly The resistance to tension of block masonry structure is improved, therefore the maxi-mum height of built with ribbed bricks retaining wall will then be significantly greater than and build without muscle Block masonry retaining wall.Although the maxi-mum height of built with ribbed bricks retaining wall improves a lot, body of wall bend-carrying capacity is carried High-amplitude is limited, while the lateral deformation of wall top and wall body slit are bigger than normal.
The content of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of reinforced masonry retaining wall of glomeration pattern, in order to solve the wall body section of existing retaining wall Greatly, quantity of masonry is big, take up an area many and mechanized construction difficulty, while the body of wall bend-carrying capacity of built with ribbed bricks retaining wall is improved Limited extent, the lateral deformation of wall top and wall body slit problem bigger than normal.
The present invention is adopted the technical scheme that for solving above-mentioned technical problem:
The present invention is a kind of reinforced masonry retaining wall of glomeration pattern, including wall body, retaining wall with bearing down on one, retaining wall it is basic And concrete-bar component, concrete-bar component includes some horizontal reinforcements and some vertical reinforcing bars, and per root, vertical reinforcing bar is prestress steel Muscle, wall body are arranged on retaining wall with bearing down on one and retaining wall basis between, and wall body constitutes bar from bottom to up by multiple rows of masonry It is arranged in order to be formed, often arranging masonry composition bar includes multiple building blocks, and each building block is machined with and vertical reinforcing bar along its thickness direction At least two taper holes being engaged, the top surface of building block are the end face that taper hole osculum end is located, and the bottom surface of building block is cone The end face that shape hole big opening end is located, the bottom surface of building block is machined with least one horizontal groove being engaged with horizontal reinforcement, water Flat grooves are connected with each taper hole, and often the horizontal groove in row's masonry composition bar in multiple building blocks is sequentially communicated to form water Flat reinforcing bar places passage, and each horizontal reinforcement is placed in passage and is provided with a horizontal reinforcement, the masonry composition adjacent per two rows Multiple building blocks in bar correspond setting up and down, and each two is formed with least two vertical reinforcing bars between corresponding building block up and down Placement section, per bar, vertical reinforcing bar placement section is sequentially communicated by two taper holes being correspondingly arranged up and down and is formed, and wall is intrinsic Multiple vertical reinforcing bars being sequentially formed with from left to right between multiple rows of masonry composition bar and placing passage, each vertical reinforcing bar places passage It is sequentially communicated by a plurality of vertical reinforcing bar placement section on same vertical curve from top to bottom and is formed, each vertical reinforcing bar places logical Road is placed passage with multiple horizontal reinforcements respectively and is connected, and each vertical reinforcing bar is placed in passage and is provided with a vertical reinforcing bar, Retaining wall is fixedly mounted on per root at the top of vertical reinforcing bar with bearing down on one, the bottom of vertical reinforcing bar is through its vertical steel of correspondence per root Muscle is placed passage and is detachably connected with the reinforcement foundation in retaining wall basis.
The present invention is a kind of reinforced masonry retaining wall of glomeration pattern, it is preferable that when the number of taper hole is two, Middle rib is formed between the big opening end of two taper holes at building block bottom surface, away from another institute in a taper hole The one end for stating taper hole is side rib, and the width of side rib horizontal direction is W1, the width of middle rib horizontal direction is W2, W2=2W1
The present invention is a kind of reinforced masonry retaining wall of glomeration pattern, it is preferable that per root, vertical reinforcing bar is correspondingly arranged on one Block backing plate and a nut, per root, the top of vertical reinforcing bar is fixedly mounted on retaining wall pressure by its corresponding backing plate and nut On top.
The present invention is a kind of reinforced masonry retaining wall of glomeration pattern, it is preferable that per root, vertical reinforcing bar is correspondingly arranged on one Individual sleeve, per root, the bottom of vertical reinforcing bar is connected with 12 screw thread of reinforcement foundation in retaining wall basis by its corresponding sleeve Connect.
The present invention be a kind of reinforced masonry retaining wall of glomeration pattern, it is preferable that per root vertical reinforcing bar to should have one every From formula sleeve pipe, isolated sleeve pipe is placed passage with vertical reinforcing bar and corresponds setting, and each isolated sleeve pipe is sleeved on its correspondence Vertical reinforcing bar place in passage, per root, vertical reinforcing bar is sleeved in its corresponding isolated sleeve pipe.
The present invention be a kind of reinforced masonry retaining wall of glomeration pattern, it is preferable that per root vertical reinforcing bar it is corresponding every Arrange from formula shell clearance.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
First, present invention introduces prestressing technique, the present invention was made before soil lateral pressure is born by the setting of deformed bar, Vertical pressure is applied to which in advance, increases its maxi-mum height, widen the scope of application of block masonry retaining wall.
2nd, in the present invention, each building block opens up at least one horizontal groove along its horizontal direction, for arranging horizontal reinforcement; Each building block is opened up at least two taper holes along its short transverse, for arranging vertical reinforcing bar, concrete-bar component includes some Root horizontal reinforcement and some vertical reinforcing bars can improve body of wall integral rigidity.
3rd, the block structure in the present invention is novel, by arranging the wide association of middle rib and side rib so that build by laying bricks or stones in the fissure of displacement When, vertically communicated vertical reinforcing bar can be formed and place passage, facilitate the operation of vertical reinforcing bar.
4th, in the present invention, the exposed face of building block does different process as needed, to realize different decorative effects.
5th, in the present invention, vertically reinforcing bar applies prestressing force by tightening nuts, in the less demanding structure of prestressing force, applies Work is easy, cheap.
6th, vertically cooperate between reinforcing bar and isolated sleeve pipe in the present invention and gap arranges and effectively realizes presstressed reinforcing steel With the soap-free emulsion polymeization of glues pouring machine, without the need for being in the milk to the space between presstressed reinforcing steel and sleeve pipe, mortar amount is not only saved, is also convenient for Construction.
7th, structure setting of the invention is reasonable and is easy to construction, without the need for pre- formwork supporting plate, before prestressing force is applied, only need to With the horizontal groove and taper hole of filling concrete building block, grout rate is 100%.
8th, blockwork need to arrange drain pipe, reach the purpose for discharging the water in the soil body, by the graded sand in soil layer Stone adds filter screen, and the water in the soil body is transported at retaining wall.
9th, the present invention is a kind of glomeration pattern prestress reinforcement block masonry retaining wall, by applying prestressing force to body of wall Improve the stress performance of common built with ribbed bricks retaining wall, while various decorative effects can be made in block surfaces, not only The maxi-mum height of block masonry retaining wall can be improved, retaining wall industrialization can also be realized, with good environmental protection effect and Harmonious decorative appearance, is that building, municipal administration, highway, railway and gardens Retaining Wall Engineering are popularized glomeration pattern prestressing force in an all-round way and matched somebody with somebody Muscle block masonry retaining wall is provided may.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the main structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the side structure schematic view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is vertical reinforcing bar 1-2, backing plate 7, nut 8, the retaining wall basic steel beared down on one in 3, sleeve 9 and retaining wall basis 4 Annexation schematic diagram between muscle 12;
Fig. 4 is the profile of arrangement relation between vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 and isolated sleeve pipe 10;
Fig. 5 is the first dimensional structure diagram of building block 2;
Fig. 6 is the second dimensional structure diagram of building block 2;
Fig. 7 is the main structure diagram of building block 2;
Fig. 8 is the overlooking the structure diagram of building block 2;
Fig. 9 is the present invention looks up structural representation of building block 2;
Figure 10 is annexation schematic diagram between building block 2 and concrete-bar component;
Figure 11 is stress distribution figure of the present invention under the first stress;
Figure 12 is tension F in Figure 111And pressure stress F2Between quantitative relationship figure;
Figure 13 is stress distribution figure of the present invention under the second stress;
Figure 14 is tension F in Figure 131And pressure stress F2Between quantitative relationship figure;
Figure 15 is stress distribution figure of the present invention under the 3rd stress;
Figure 16 is tension F in Figure 151And pressure stress F2Between quantitative relationship figure.
Specific embodiment
The construction content of the present invention and the function and benefit that can be reached are understood in depth for being easy to those skilled in the art, Detailed description below is enumerated, and coordinates Figure of description 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15 and 16 It is discussed in detail and is described as follows:
Specific embodiment one:Present embodiment includes wall body, retaining wall 3, retaining wall basis 4 and the reinforcing bar group of bearing down on one Part, concrete-bar component include some horizontal reinforcement 1-1 and some vertical reinforcing bar 1-2, and per root, vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 is prestress steel Muscle, wall body be arranged on retaining wall with bear down on one 3 and retaining wall basis 4 between, wall body by multiple rows of masonry constitute bar from down to On be arranged in order to be formed, often arrange masonry composition bar includes multiple building blocks 2, each building block 2 along its thickness direction be machined with vertically At least two taper hole 2-1 that reinforcing bar 1-2 is engaged, the top surface of building block 2 are the end face that taper hole 2-1 osculums end is located, The bottom surface of building block 2 is the end face that taper hole 2-1 big opening ends are located, and the bottom surface of building block 2 is machined with and is engaged with horizontal reinforcement 1-1 At least one horizontal groove 2-2, horizontal groove 2-2 is connected with each taper hole 2-1, often arranges multiple in masonry composition bar Horizontal groove 2-2 in building block 2 is sequentially communicated to form horizontal reinforcement placement passage, and each horizontal reinforcement is placed and is provided with passage A piece horizontal reinforcement 1-1, the multiple building blocks in the masonry composition bar adjacent per two rows correspond setting about 2, in each two Under be formed with least two vertical reinforcing bar placement sections between corresponding building block 2, per bar, vertical reinforcing bar placement section is set by corresponding to up and down The two taper hole 2-1 for putting are sequentially communicated to be formed, and are sequentially formed between the intrinsic multiple rows of masonry composition bar of wall from left to right There are multiple vertical reinforcing bars to place passage, each vertical reinforcing bar placement passage is put by a plurality of vertical reinforcing bar on same vertical curve Put section to be sequentially communicated to be formed from top to bottom, each vertical reinforcing bar is placed passage and is connected with multiple horizontal reinforcements placement passage respectively Logical, each vertical reinforcing bar is placed in passage and is provided with a vertical reinforcing bar 1-2, the top fixed installation of vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 per root In retaining wall with bearing down on one on 3, per root, passage and retaining wall base are placed through its vertical reinforcing bar of correspondence in the bottom of vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 Reinforcement foundation 12 in plinth 4 is detachably connected.
Reinforcement foundation 12 in the present invention in retaining wall basis 4 is also deformed bar.
In the present invention, each vertical reinforcing bar is placed in passage and is placed with a vertical reinforcing bar 1-2, and each horizontal reinforcement is placed A horizontal reinforcement 1-1 is placed with passage, and each vertical reinforcing bar is placed passage and places passage phase with multiple horizontal reinforcements respectively Connection.Each horizontal reinforcement is placed passage and is connected with multiple vertical reinforcing bars placement passages respectively.
The present invention also needs to arrange drain pipe, reaches the purpose for discharging the water in the soil body, by the graded sand and stone in soil layer Plus filter screen, the water in the soil body is transported at wall body.
The present invention is used flexibly and can manufacture different type, according to requirement of engineering, also building block 2 can be processed into two water The big horizontal groove 2-2 of flat grooves 2-2 or one, the taper hole 2-1's in building block 2 can make other cloth according to real needs Put to be formed.
Specific embodiment two:In present embodiment when the number of taper hole 2-1 is two, at 2 bottom surface of building block Middle rib 5 is formed between the big opening end of two taper hole 2-1, away from cone another described in a taper hole 2-1 One end of shape hole 2-1 is side rib 6, and the width of 6 horizontal direction of side rib is W1, the width of 5 horizontal direction of middle rib is W2, W2=2W1
At least two taper hole 2-1, each bellmouth are machined with according in actual manufacturing condition and demand each building block 2 A vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 is provided with the 2-1 of hole, and the optimal setting number of taper hole 2-1 is two.
The width W of side rib 61With the width W of middle rib 52Between relation arrange when being able to ensure that the fissure of displacement is built by laying bricks or stones, taper hole The vertical non-alignment of 2-1, realizes vertically communicated, it is ensured that vertical reinforcing bar 1-2's passes through.Other structures and annexation with it is concrete Embodiment one is identical.
Specific embodiment three:In present embodiment, per root, vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 is correspondingly arranged on one piece of backing plate 7 and a spiral shell Cap 8, per root, the top of vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 passes through its corresponding backing plate 7 and nut 8 and is fixedly mounted on retaining wall with bearing down on one on 3.
In the embodiment, backing plate 7 is billet, and the cooperation of backing plate 7 and nut 8 and vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 can be realized vertically Reinforcing bar 1-2 roof stabilisations and enduringly locating effect.The simple structure of backing plate 7 and nut 8 and with low cost, advantageously reduces this The overall cost of invention.Vertically reinforcing bar 1-2 be using fining twisted steel as deformed bar, applied by tightening nuts 8 Prestressing force, in the less demanding structure of prestressing force, easy construction is cheap.
Specific embodiment four:In present embodiment, per root, vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 is correspondingly arranged on a sleeve 9, erects per root The bottom of straight reinforcing bar 1-2 is threadedly coupled with the reinforcement foundation 12 in retaining wall basis 4 by its corresponding sleeve 9.
The embodiment middle sleeve 9 is steel thimble, and 9 inwall of sleeve is machined with female thread, the bottom of vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 per root It is machined with the first external screw thread being engaged with the female thread of sleeve 9, top processing of the retaining wall with the reinforcement foundation 12 in basis 4 There is the second external screw thread being engaged with the female thread of sleeve 9.
Specific embodiment five:In present embodiment, per root, vertical reinforcing bar 1-2, to there is an isolated sleeve pipe 10, isolates Formula sleeve pipe 10 is placed passage with vertical reinforcing bar and corresponds setting, and each isolated sleeve pipe 10 is sleeved on its corresponding vertical reinforcing bar Place in passage, per root, vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 is sleeved in its corresponding isolated sleeve pipe 10.
Specific embodiment six:Isolated sleeve pipe 10 gap vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 corresponding per root in present embodiment Arrange.
In the embodiment, vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 selects finish rolling deformed bar as presstressed reinforcing steel, one end of vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 It is connected by steel bushing with the reinforcement foundation 12 being anchored in retaining wall basis 4, first by the one of vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 when connected End puts screw thread, and the other end of vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 is the stretching end and end is located at most top row masonry group top surface in stripes, in the face On shelve backing plate 7.Apply stretching end is put screw thread first during prestressing force, backing plate 7 is compressed by tightening nuts 8 and building block 2 is applied Prestressing, prestressing force size are adjusted according to the degree of tightening nuts 8, tighten that degree is bigger, then the prestressing force for applying is bigger. All steel components in said process need to do preservative treatment.For convenience of construct, presstressed reinforcing steel in the form of soap-free emulsion polymeization, i.e., Isolated sleeve pipe 10 is set in presstressed reinforcing steel periphery, makes vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 be separated with glues pouring machine.Because of vertical reinforcing bar 1- 2 be straight line and with glues pouring machine soap-free emulsion polymeization, loss of prestress can safety takes the 10% of control stress for prestressing.
The operation principle of the present invention is illustrated with reference to Figure 11 to Figure 16:
According to Figure 11 and Figure 12, in the vertical direction exerts a force to the present invention, according to Figure 13 and Figure 14, lateral soil Pressure is exerted a force, as soil lateral pressure is to act on the primary load on retaining wall, before soil pressure effect, in advance at this The compressive region of invention applies a pair eccentric axial direction pressure ps, and the side for carrying on the back the soil body 11 in wall produces pressure stress F2, wall the back of the body soil body 11 be It is wall body near the side of the soil body.Under soil pressure effect, body of wall produces tension F away from the side of the soil body1.According to Figure 15 With shown in Figure 16, the stress state suffered by the present invention is the superposition of the two, is probably pressure stress F on the inside of body of wall2, it is also possible to compared with Little tension F1, due to prestressed effect, partial offset or can all offset tension F that soil pressure causes1, thus energy Delay the appearance in crack and reduce fracture width, while rigidity can be made to be unlikely to reduce excessive because of Causes of Fracture, be conducive to control Wall top processed lateral deformation.
In common built with ribbed bricks retaining wall, though retaining wall bearing capacity can significantly be improved using high tensile reinforcement, Because reinforcement stresses is too high, cause crack developing wide, and reinforcement stresses is differed greatly with design strength, configuration high tensile reinforcement is remote not Can play one's part to the full.It is then desired to prior applying pressure of the invention, fracture is controlled by, to make full use of high intensity Reinforcing bar, makes block masonry retaining wall reach the purpose of high-strength light.
Above-mentioned is that presstressed reinforcing steel is arranged in the situation on the inside of body of wall, also vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 can be arranged in wall body Central authorities, but vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 is arranged on the inside of wall body to reducing crack, increasing rigidity, improve bearing capacity advantageously, The consumption of vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 can be saved simultaneously, make the present invention safer.
The work progress following steps of the present invention:
Step one:The concrete position of taper hole 2-1 in the diameter of vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 needed for needing before construction clearly and its building block 2 Put, arrange should the inwall gap of vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 and taper hole 2-1, it is ensured that glues pouring machine is interior with taper hole 2-1's Effectively bond between wall.The reinforcement foundation 12 needed for retaining wall is arranged with the relevant position in basis 4, by the reinforcement foundation 12 Top puts screw thread and is tightened with isolated sleeve pipe 10;
Step 2:Masonry wall body, arranges a horizontal reinforcement 1-1, every horizontal reinforcement in the horizontal groove 2-2 of building block 2 Between the inwall of 1-1 and horizontal groove 2-2, gap is arranged, to ensure that glues pouring machine fills closely knit in the space, when building block 2 Height it is less when, such as segment heights are 140mm, and horizontal reinforcement 1-1 can be arranged every a skin or two skins along the wall of wall body is high high;
Step 3:After wall body and concrete-bar component cooperate to be completed to build by laying bricks or stones, the vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 that lower end is cased with screw thread is inserted Enter in wall body its corresponding vertical reinforcing bar to place in the sleeve 9 of passage, screw vertical reinforcing bar 1-2, realize many in wall body The vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 of root and the connection for being embedded in reinforcement foundation 12 in retaining wall basis 4.For avoiding foreign body in construction from entering sleeve 9, sleeve 9 can be covered with plastic cup.The isolated sleeve pipe 10 on the set of vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 peripheries, it is ensured that the isolated sleeve pipe 10 Extend to basic top surface;
Step 4:The concrete in the taper hole 2-1 and horizontal groove 2-2 smash in each building block 2 is poured, concrete upper surface is made Flush with the top surface for pushing up skin building block 2, shelve backing plate 7, vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 is made through the circular hole on backing plate 7.Treat concrete cube When body comprcssive strength reaches the 75% of strength grade of concrete value, prestressing force can be applied.Vertically reinforcing bar 1-2 ends are provided with screw thread, Vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 is entangled with nut 8, tightening nuts 8 cause the stretching of vertical reinforcing bar 1-2, applied by 7 couples of present invention of backing plate are overall Precompression;
Step 5:Vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 is anchored at into the top surface of the first skin building block 2 of top, i.e. most top row masonry composition bar, is most being pushed up Row's masonry group top in stripes arranges retaining wall with bearing down on one 3, anchors the backing plate 7 and nut 8 of vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 for protection.Cause The backing plate 7 and nut 8 being engaged with vertical reinforcing bar 1-2 protrude from most top row masonry composition bar, retaining wall with bear down on one 3 need to using show Pouring concrete.As wall top soil pressure is very little, less internal force is produced to the present invention, therefore the present invention is not to retaining wall with bearing down on one 3 apply precompression.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of reinforced masonry retaining wall of glomeration pattern, it is characterised in that:Including wall body, retaining wall with bearing down on one(3), gear soil Wall basis(4)And concrete-bar component, concrete-bar component includes some horizontal reinforcements(1-1)With some vertical reinforcing bars(1-2), often The vertical reinforcing bar of root(1-2)For deformed bar, wall body is arranged on retaining wall with bearing down on one(3)With retaining wall basis(4)Between, Wall body constitutes bar by multiple rows of masonry and is arranged in order from bottom to up and formed, and often arranging masonry composition bar includes multiple building blocks(2), each Building block(2)It is machined with and vertical reinforcing bar along its thickness direction(1-2)At least two taper holes being engaged(2-1), building block(2) Top surface be taper hole(2-1)The end face that osculum end is located, building block(2)Bottom surface be taper hole(2-1)Big opening end is located End face, building block(2)Bottom surface be machined with and horizontal reinforcement(1-1)At least one horizontal groove being engaged(2-2), level is recessed Groove(2-2)With each taper hole(2-1)It is connected, often arranges multiple building blocks in masonry composition bar(2)In horizontal groove(2-2) It is sequentially communicated to form horizontal reinforcement placement passage, each horizontal reinforcement is placed in passage and is provided with a horizontal reinforcement(1-1), often Multiple building blocks in the adjacent masonry composition bar of two rows(2)Correspond up and down and arrange, each two corresponding building block up and down(2)It Between be formed with least two vertical reinforcing bar placement sections, per bar, vertical reinforcing bar placement section is by two taper holes being correspondingly arranged up and down (2-1)It is sequentially communicated to be formed, between the intrinsic multiple rows of masonry composition bar of wall, is sequentially formed with multiple vertical reinforcing bars from left to right Place passage, each vertical reinforcing bar place passage by a plurality of vertical reinforcing bar placement section on same vertical curve from top to bottom according to Secondary connection is formed, and each vertical reinforcing bar is placed passage and is connected with multiple horizontal reinforcements placement passage respectively, each vertical reinforcing bar Place in passage and be provided with a vertical reinforcing bar(1-2), the vertical reinforcing bar per root(1-2)Top be fixedly mounted on retaining wall pressure Top(3)On, the vertical reinforcing bar per root(1-2)To place passage through its vertical reinforcing bar of correspondence basic with retaining wall for bottom(4)In Reinforcement foundation(12)It is detachably connected.
2. a kind of reinforced masonry retaining wall of glomeration pattern according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:When taper hole(2- 1)Number be two when, building block(2)Two taper holes at bottom surface(2-1)Big opening end between be formed with middle rib(5), one The individual taper hole(2-1)In away from taper hole another described(2-1)One end be side rib(6), side rib(6)Level side To width be W1, middle rib(5)The width of horizontal direction is W2, W2=2W1
3. the reinforced masonry retaining wall of a kind of glomeration pattern according to claim 1 or claim 2, it is characterised in that:The vertical steel per root Muscle(1-2)It is correspondingly arranged on one piece of backing plate(7)With a nut(8), the vertical reinforcing bar per root(1-2)Top by which is corresponding Backing plate(7)And nut(8)Retaining wall is fixedly mounted on bearing down on one(3)On.
4. a kind of reinforced masonry retaining wall of glomeration pattern according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The vertical reinforcing bar per root (1-2)It is correspondingly arranged on a sleeve(9), the vertical reinforcing bar per root(1-2)Bottom pass through its corresponding sleeve(9)With retaining wall With basis(4)In reinforcement foundation(12)Threaded connection.
5. a kind of reinforced masonry retaining wall of glomeration pattern according to claim 1 or 4, it is characterised in that:The vertical steel per root Muscle(1-2)To there is an isolated sleeve pipe(10), isolated sleeve pipe(10)Passage is placed with vertical reinforcing bar and corresponds setting, Each isolated sleeve pipe(10)It is sleeved on its corresponding vertical reinforcing bar to place in passage, the vertical reinforcing bar per root(1-2)It is sleeved on which Corresponding isolated sleeve pipe(10)It is interior.
6. a kind of reinforced masonry retaining wall of glomeration pattern according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The vertical reinforcing bar per root (1-2)Corresponding isolated sleeve pipe(10)Gap is arranged.
CN201611114657.6A 2016-12-07 2016-12-07 Agglomeration mode type reinforced masonry retaining wall Pending CN106522268A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611114657.6A CN106522268A (en) 2016-12-07 2016-12-07 Agglomeration mode type reinforced masonry retaining wall

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611114657.6A CN106522268A (en) 2016-12-07 2016-12-07 Agglomeration mode type reinforced masonry retaining wall

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106522268A true CN106522268A (en) 2017-03-22

Family

ID=58342478

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201611114657.6A Pending CN106522268A (en) 2016-12-07 2016-12-07 Agglomeration mode type reinforced masonry retaining wall

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106522268A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114263211A (en) * 2021-12-30 2022-04-01 王开明 Retaining wall and construction method thereof
CN116988490A (en) * 2023-07-25 2023-11-03 秦皇岛和信基业建筑科技有限公司 Prefabricated retaining wall bank protection of assembled

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201190363Y (en) * 2008-05-06 2009-02-04 黄靓 H-type concrete block
KR101037580B1 (en) * 2008-03-21 2011-05-30 심석래 A Retaining Wall for Planting
CN202466927U (en) * 2011-11-30 2012-10-03 长沙华坤建材科技有限公司 Aligning type double-opening small-size concrete building block
CN102704704A (en) * 2012-06-19 2012-10-03 北京市建筑工程研究院有限责任公司 Vertical un-bonded prestressed anti-seismic strengthening structure of masonry building
CN206256463U (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-06-16 哈尔滨达城绿色建筑技术开发股份有限公司 A kind of reinforced masonry retaining wall of glomeration pattern

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101037580B1 (en) * 2008-03-21 2011-05-30 심석래 A Retaining Wall for Planting
CN201190363Y (en) * 2008-05-06 2009-02-04 黄靓 H-type concrete block
CN202466927U (en) * 2011-11-30 2012-10-03 长沙华坤建材科技有限公司 Aligning type double-opening small-size concrete building block
CN102704704A (en) * 2012-06-19 2012-10-03 北京市建筑工程研究院有限责任公司 Vertical un-bonded prestressed anti-seismic strengthening structure of masonry building
CN206256463U (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-06-16 哈尔滨达城绿色建筑技术开发股份有限公司 A kind of reinforced masonry retaining wall of glomeration pattern

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114263211A (en) * 2021-12-30 2022-04-01 王开明 Retaining wall and construction method thereof
CN116988490A (en) * 2023-07-25 2023-11-03 秦皇岛和信基业建筑科技有限公司 Prefabricated retaining wall bank protection of assembled

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106121039B (en) Villages and small towns masonry structure assembled integral ring beam and construction column combined method
CN101936002B (en) Prestressed concrete hollow square pile and production method thereof
CN103670470B (en) Full coal roadway safe and speedy drivage supporting method
CN113718765A (en) Hollow fender pile of prestressing force high-strength concrete
CN102418425B (en) Prefabrication integral casting building structure system with cast-in-site haunched beams, and construction method for prefabrication integral casting building structure system
CN201785940U (en) Reinforced concrete prefabricated beam
CN106522268A (en) Agglomeration mode type reinforced masonry retaining wall
CN108589969A (en) A kind of combination assembled shear wall and preparation method thereof of the vertical ECC energy consumptions band of band
CN201512788U (en) Horizontal load-bearing enhancement pre-stressed concrete pipe pile
CN201943070U (en) Toughened type prestress centrifugal concrete pile
CN113863703A (en) Single-span transverse wall reinforced masonry structure additionally provided with steel pull rods and ring beam structural columns and construction method thereof
CN206256463U (en) A kind of reinforced masonry retaining wall of glomeration pattern
CN105908899A (en) Core-grouted assembly-type concrete column and construction method of same
CN105350700A (en) High toughness masonry wall and preparation method
CN206487167U (en) A kind of reinforcing device for slab
CN102418400B (en) Pretensioning prestressed reinforced concrete precast beam
CN202124855U (en) Rotary drilling prefabricate composite pile
CN110080443A (en) A kind of stone material masonry construction and its technique
CN211714260U (en) Prevent infilled wall structure of fracture
CN104389358A (en) Fire hydrant cabinet back wall body and construction method thereof
CN206784658U (en) A kind of encased steel plate and reinforced concrete combination shear wall
CN209620328U (en) A kind of prestressing force cob wall
CN109505422B (en) Reinforcing method for ancient building wall
CN103255872A (en) Hollow building block
CN106639051A (en) Steel-building block combined beam for outer wall of aggregate building

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20170322