CN106513741A - Multi-positioning rotary expansion drilling combined vertical numerical control machine tool - Google Patents

Multi-positioning rotary expansion drilling combined vertical numerical control machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106513741A
CN106513741A CN201510693523.3A CN201510693523A CN106513741A CN 106513741 A CN106513741 A CN 106513741A CN 201510693523 A CN201510693523 A CN 201510693523A CN 106513741 A CN106513741 A CN 106513741A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
locking
expansion
workbench
hydraulic cylinder
control machine
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510693523.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
焦友智
郭健
来传华
肖启明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHONGQING QIAOLI PIPE MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Original Assignee
CHONGQING QIAOLI PIPE MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CHONGQING QIAOLI PIPE MANUFACTURING Co Ltd filed Critical CHONGQING QIAOLI PIPE MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510693523.3A priority Critical patent/CN106513741A/en
Publication of CN106513741A publication Critical patent/CN106513741A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B31/00Chucks; Expansion mandrels; Adaptations thereof for remote control
    • B23B31/40Expansion mandrels
    • B23B31/4073Gripping the work or tool between planes almost perpendicular to the axis
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B39/00General-purpose boring or drilling machines or devices; Sets of boring and/or drilling machines
    • B23B39/16Drilling machines with a plurality of working-spindles; Drilling automatons
    • B23B39/161Drilling machines with a plurality of working-spindles; Drilling automatons with parallel work spindles
    • B23B39/162Drilling machines with a plurality of working-spindles; Drilling automatons with parallel work spindles having gear transmissions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • B23Q1/26Movable or adjustable work or tool supports characterised by constructional features relating to the co-operation of relatively movable members; Means for preventing relative movement of such members
    • B23Q1/28Means for securing sliding members in any desired position
    • B23Q1/287Means for securing sliding members in any desired position using a hydraulically controlled membrane acting directly upon a sliding member
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/069Work-clamping means for pressing workpieces against a work-table
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q5/26Fluid-pressure drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q5/34Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission
    • B23Q5/38Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission feeding continuously
    • B23Q5/40Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission feeding continuously by feed shaft, e.g. lead screw
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q5/34Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission
    • B23Q5/50Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission feeding step-by-step
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q2240/00Machine tools specially suited for a specific kind of workpiece
    • B23Q2240/002Flat workpieces

Abstract

The invention discloses a multi-positioning rotary expansion drilling combined vertical numerical control machine tool. The multi-positioning rotary expansion drilling combined vertical numerical control machine tool comprises a base, a stand column and a hydraulic slide rail; a hydraulic slide base is arranged on the hydraulic slide rail; a hydraulic driving mechanism is arranged in the stand column; a power head and a multi-shaft box are arranged on the hydraulic slide base; multiple output main shafts are arranged on the multi-shaft box; connecting rods are arranged on the output main shafts; a worktable is arranged on the base, and is provided with a clamping mechanism; a worktable rotating shaft is arranged below the worktable; and a rotation driving mechanism is arranged in the base. The multi-positioning rotary expansion drilling combined vertical numerical control machine tool further comprises three position locking mechanism; the position locking mechanisms include mounting bases; locking hydraulic cylinders are arranged on the mounting bases; locking blocks are fixedly mounted on piston rods of the locking hydraulic cylinders, and are provided with locking teeth engaged with a rotating gear; and included angles between the axle of one locking hydraulic cylinder and the axles of the other two locking hydraulic cylinders are respectively alpha=360 degrees*a/Z+360 degrees/4Z and beta=360 degrees*b/Z+360 degrees/4Z, wherein Z is the tooth number of the rotating gear, and a and b are both positive integers not smaller than 1.

Description

Many position rotating expansion chucks drilling combined vertical Digit Control Machine Tools
Technical field
The invention belongs to numerical control machine tool technique field, is specifically related to a kind of many position rotating expansion chuck drilling combined vertical Digit Control Machine Tools.
Background technology
Building-block machine industry and enterprise provides special equipment mainly for automobile, motorcycle, internal combustion engine, agricultural machinery, engineering machinery, chemical machinery, military project, the energy, light industry and household electric appliances, and gradually starts to NC postprocessing, flexibility to change.Building-block machine and its transfer matic be integrate electromechanics be the higher manufacturing technology of comprehensive automation degree and set technique equipment.It is characterized in that efficient, high-quality, economical and practical, thus is widely used and engineering machinery, traffic, the energy, military project, light industry, household electric appliances.
For some disk-like accessories, often the heart is provided with central shaft wherein, and the card of disk like members is provided with relative to the uniform connecting hole of central shaft annular, and connecting hole can be through hole, or tapped blind hole.In the processing of this kind of disk-like accessory, prior art needs to carry out Drilling operation to these connecting holes respectively one by one, and not only caused by inefficiency, and multiple bearing, position error can cause the reduction of processing precision of products.
The content of the invention
In view of this, the combined vertical Digit Control Machine Tool it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of many position rotating expansion chucks drill, can complete the Drilling operation in multiple holes simultaneously, have the advantages that high in machining efficiency and machining accuracy is high.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of many position rotating expansion chuck drilling combined vertical Digit Control Machine Tools, including base, the column being fixedly mounted on the base, the front end of the column is provided with vertical hydraulic pressure slide rail, the hydraulic pressure slide rail is provided with the hydraulic pressure slide being slidably matched with which, is provided with the hydraulic drive mechanism for driving the hydraulic pressure slide movement in the column;The axles box for being provided with unit head and being connected with the unit head is fixedly mounted on the hydraulic pressure slide, and the axles box is provided with the multiple output main shafts being uniformly arranged in a ring, and the output main shaft is provided with the connecting rod for connecting drilling tool;Workbench below the axles box and in the form of annular discs is additionally provided with the base, and the workbench is provided with the clamping mechanism for clamping disk-like accessory;
The clamping mechanism includes center clamping mechanism and the edge clamping mechanism for fixed disk like members edge;The center clamping mechanism includes the adapter sleeve being fixedly mounted on the workbench, the adapter sleeve inner sleeve is equiped with expansion set, central bore is provided with the expansion set, it is swelling end that the expansion set is located at the opening of the central bore, the other end is connection end, and on the swelling end of the expansion set, annular is laid with least three expanding troughs;Tapered face fit structure is provided between the inner hole wall of the swelling end periphery wall and the adapter sleeve of the expansion set, is provided with the base for being connected with the connection end and the swelling hydraulic cylinder for tensing the expansion set;
Workbench rotating shaft is provided with below the workbench, is provided with the rotary drive mechanism for driving the worktable rotary in the base;The drive mechanism of walking around includes the drive gear that the swing pinion being arranged in the workbench rotating shaft engaged with the swing pinion and the motor for driving the drive gear rotation;Through hole is provided with the workbench rotating shaft, and the swelling hydraulic cylinder is arranged on the bottom of the workbench rotating shaft, and the piston rod of the swelling hydraulic cylinder is connected with the connection end of the expansion set by the through hole;Also include three position locking mechanisms for locking the swing pinion position;The position locking mechanism includes the mounting seat being fixedly mounted in the base, the mounting seat is provided with locking hydraulic cylinder, clamping block is installed with the piston rod of the locking hydraulic cylinder, the clamping block is provided with the locking teeth engaged with the swing pinion towards the side of the swing pinion;The axis of the locking hydraulic cylinder is located at the drive gear in the radial direction, in the locking hydraulic cylinder of three position locking mechanisms, angle between the axis of the axis of one of them locking hydraulic cylinder and two other locking hydraulic cylinder is respectively α=360 ° * a/Z+360 °/4Z and β=360 ° * b/Z+360 °/4Z, wherein, the numbers of teeth of the Z for swing pinion, a and b are the positive integer more than or equal to 1.
Further, be additionally provided with position-limit mechanism between the expansion set and the adapter sleeve, the position-limit mechanism includes being arranged on the wall of the expansion set side and along the stopper slot that extends of bus of expansion set, spacer pin installing hole is correspondingly provided with the stopper slot on the adapter sleeve.
Further, the edge clamping mechanism includes the radial direction slide rail being radially arranged on the workbench, it is slidably installed for being supported on the fulcrum bearing of disk like members bottom surface with which in the radial direction slide rail, the briquetting for pushing down disk like members top surface is provided with above the fulcrum bearing, it is provided with screw rod to be connected between the fulcrum bearing and briquetting, and the screw rod is provided with the spring between the fulcrum bearing and briquetting, the screw rod is provided with clamp nut.
Further, the hydraulic drive mechanism includes the driving hydraulic cylinder being fixedly installed in the column, it is fixedly connected on the piston rod of the driving hydraulic cylinder and is provided with transmission belt, and the fixed pulley coordinated with the transmission belt at the top of the column, is provided with, the other end of the transmission belt is fixedly connected with the hydraulic pressure slide.
Further, the unit head includes the servomotor being fixedly mounted on the hydraulic pressure slide.
Further, the axles box includes the intermediate rotary shaft being connected with the output shaft of the servomotor, the output main shaft is uniformly arranged in a ring relative to the axis of the intermediate rotary shaft, and the intermediate rotary shaft is provided with the driving gear of synchronous rotation, the output main shaft is provided with the driven gear engaged with the driving gear.
Further, on the base, annular is laid with the back-up roller wheel for supporting the workbench, and the axis of the back-up roller wheel is respectively positioned on the workbench in the radial direction.
Further, the mounting seat is provided with the guide rail positioned at the swing pinion radial direction, and the clamping block is slidably installed on the guide rail.
The beneficial effects of the present invention is:
Many position rotating expansion chuck drilling combined vertical Digit Control Machine Tools of the present invention, by arranging center clamping mechanism and edge clamping mechanism on the table, during use, by in the central shaft insertion expansion set of disk like members, expansion set is pulled using swelling hydraulic cylinder, the central shaft clamping of disk like members can be fixed, the edge of disk like members is fixed using edge clamping mechanism, thus, the clamping for being capable of achieving disk like members is fixed;It is then many with exporting main shaft while carrying out Drilling operation to disk like members on axles box using being arranged on, the Drilling operation in multiple holes can be completed simultaneously, have the advantages that machining accuracy is high and high in machining efficiency;By being provided for driving the rotary drive mechanism of worktable rotary in base, by rotary table, using more with export main shaft drilled on workpiece again, thus, when exporting the lazy weight of main shaft when the quantity in the hole of required processing on workpiece is more, Drilling operation can be carried out again to workpiece by rotary table, and it is finally completed the processing in all of hole, the scope of application of machine tool can be improved, is simplified the structure of axles box, and is improved working (machining) efficiency;In addition, by arranging three position locking mechanisms, the rotational positioning of workbench can not only be realized, and and the angle between position locking mechanism is set to into α=360 ° * a/Z+360 °/2Z and β=360 ° * b/Z+360 °/4Z, so, two position locking mechanisms can be respectively adopted to lock workbench different rotary angle, the position locking precision of workbench is each gear teeth of swing pinion and teeth groove relative to a quarter of the mechanical angle accounted for its center more, can effectively improve position locking precision.
Description of the drawings
In order that the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and beneficial effect are clearer, the present invention provides drawings described below and illustrates:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of many position rotating expansion chuck drilling combined vertical Digit Control Machine Tool embodiments of the invention;
Left views of the Fig. 2 for Fig. 1;
Structural representations of the Fig. 3 for workbench;
The structural representation of clamping mechanism centered on Fig. 4;
A detail drawings of the Fig. 5 for Fig. 2;
Fig. 6 is the location diagram between position locking mechanism and swing pinion.
Specific embodiment
The invention will be further described with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, so that those skilled in the art can be better understood from the present invention and can be practiced, but illustrated embodiment is not as a limitation of the invention.
As shown in figure 1, the structural representation of the combined vertical Digit Control Machine Tool embodiment that drills for many position rotating expansion chucks of the invention.Many position rotating expansion chuck drilling combined vertical Digit Control Machine Tools of the present embodiment, including base 1, the column being fixedly mounted on base 12, the front end of column 2 is provided with vertical hydraulic pressure slide rail 3, hydraulic pressure slide rail 3 is provided with the hydraulic pressure slide 4 being slidably matched with which, is provided with the hydraulic drive mechanism for driving hydraulic pressure slide 4 to move in column 2.The hydraulic drive mechanism of the present embodiment includes the driving hydraulic cylinder 5 being fixedly installed in column 2, it is fixedly connected on the piston rod of driving hydraulic cylinder 5 and is provided with transmission belt 6, and the top of column 2 is provided with the fixed pulley 7 coordinated with transmission belt 6, the other end of transmission belt 6 is fixedly connected with hydraulic pressure slide 4.
The axles box 9 for being provided with unit head 8 and being connected with unit head 8 is fixedly mounted on hydraulic pressure slide 4, and axles box 9 is provided with the multiple output main shafts 10 being uniformly arranged in a ring, and output main shaft 10 is provided with the connecting rod 12 for connecting drilling tool 11.Unit head 8 includes the servomotor being fixedly mounted on hydraulic pressure slide 4.The axles box 9 of the present embodiment includes the intermediate rotary shaft being connected with the output shaft of servomotor, output main shaft 10 is uniformly arranged in a ring relative to the axis of intermediate rotary shaft, and intermediate rotary shaft is provided with the driving gear of synchronous rotation, output main shaft is provided with the driven gear engaged with driving gear.Using gear drive, all output main shafts 10 can be driven simultaneously to rotate.The axles box 9 of the present embodiment is provided with 4 output main shafts 10 being uniformly arranged in a ring.
The workbench 13 being additionally provided with base 1 below axles box 9, workbench 13 are provided with the clamping mechanism for clamping disk-like accessory.The clamping mechanism of the present embodiment includes center clamping mechanism and the edge clamping mechanism for fixed disk like members edge;Center clamping mechanism includes the adapter sleeve 14 being fixedly mounted on workbench 13,14 inner sleeve of adapter sleeve is equiped with expansion set 15, central bore is provided with expansion set 15, it is swelling end that expansion set 15 is located at the opening of central bore, the other end is connection end, and on the swelling end of expansion set 15, annular is laid with least three expanding troughs 16.It is provided with tapered face fit structure 17 between the inner hole wall of the swelling end periphery wall and adapter sleeve 14 of expansion set 15, is provided with base 1 for being connected with 15 connection end of expansion set and the swelling hydraulic cylinder 18 for tensing expansion set 15.Preferably, be additionally provided with position-limit mechanism between expansion set 15 and adapter sleeve 14, position-limit mechanism includes being arranged on 15 side wall of expansion set and along the stopper slot 19 that extends of bus of expansion set, spacer pin installing hole 20 is correspondingly provided with stopper slot 19 on adapter sleeve 14.
Further, the edge clamping mechanism of the present embodiment includes the radial direction slide rail 21 being radially arranged on workbench 13, it is slidably installed for being supported on the fulcrum bearing 22 of disk like members bottom surface with which in radial direction slide rail 21, the top of fulcrum bearing 22 is provided with the briquetting 23 for pushing down disk like members top surface, it is provided with screw rod 24 to be connected between fulcrum bearing 22 and briquetting 23, and screw rod 24 is provided with the spring between fulcrum bearing 22 and briquetting 23, screw rod 24 is provided with clamp nut.
The lower section of the workbench 13 of the present embodiment is provided with workbench rotating shaft 25, is provided with the rotary drive mechanism for driving workbench 13 to rotate in base 1.Rotary drive mechanism can be realized using various ways.The rotary drive mechanism of the present embodiment includes the swing pinion 26 being arranged in the workbench rotating shaft 25, the drive gear 27 engaged with the swing pinion 26 and the motor 28 for driving the drive gear 27 to rotate.Using motor 28, workbench 13 can be driven according to the angle rotation of setting.Preferably, on base 1, annular is laid with the back-up roller wheel for supporting the workbench 13, the axis of the back-up roller wheel is respectively positioned on the workbench 13 in the radial direction, can either support works platform 13,13 in the vertical direction of work platform for placing vibrates, and can reduce the frictional resistance between workbench 13 and base 1 again.
Specifically, through hole is provided with the workbench rotating shaft 25 of the present embodiment, swelling hydraulic cylinder 18 is arranged on the bottom of workbench rotating shaft 25, and the piston rod of swelling hydraulic cylinder 18 is connected with the connection end of expansion set 15 by the through hole.
Three position locking mechanisms for locking 26 position of swing pinion are additionally provided with the base of the present embodiment.The position locking mechanism of the present embodiment includes the mounting seat 29 being fixedly mounted in base 1, mounting seat 29 is provided with locking hydraulic cylinder 30, clamping block 31 is installed with the piston rod of locking hydraulic cylinder 30, clamping block 31 is provided with the locking teeth engaged with swing pinion 26 towards the side of swing pinion 26.The axis of locking hydraulic cylinder 30 is located at swing pinion 26 in the radial direction, so, clamping block 31 is driven to engage with swing pinion 26 using locking hydraulic cylinder 30, that is the position of lockable workbench 13, can not only prevent workbench from loosening in machining process, and the positional precision of workbench can be effectively improved.In the locking hydraulic cylinder of three position locking mechanisms of the present embodiment, angle between the axis of the axis of one of locking hydraulic cylinder 30 and two other locking hydraulic cylinder is respectively α=360 ° * a/Z+360 °/4Z and β=360 ° * b/Z+360 °/4Z, wherein, the numbers of teeth of the Z for swing pinion, a and b are the positive integer more than or equal to 1, as shown in Figure 6.
Preferably, mounting seat 29 is provided with the guide rail 32 positioned at 26 radial direction of swing pinion, and clamping block 31 is slidably installed on guide rail 32, for moving guiding to clamping block 31, and is prevented from clamping block 31 in the direction vibration perpendicular to guide rail 32.
Many position rotating expansion chuck drilling combined vertical Digit Control Machine Tools of the present embodiment, by arranging center clamping mechanism and edge clamping mechanism on the table, during use, by in the central shaft insertion expansion set of disk like members, expansion set is pulled using swelling hydraulic cylinder, the central shaft clamping of disk like members can be fixed, the edge of disk like members is fixed using edge clamping mechanism, thus, the clamping for being capable of achieving disk like members is fixed;It is then many with exporting main shaft while carrying out Drilling operation to disk like members on axles box using being arranged on, the Drilling operation in multiple holes can be completed simultaneously, have the advantages that machining accuracy is high and high in machining efficiency;By being provided for driving the rotary drive mechanism of worktable rotary in base, by rotary table, using more with export main shaft drilled on workpiece again, thus, when exporting the lazy weight of main shaft when the quantity in the hole of required processing on workpiece is more, Drilling operation can be carried out again to workpiece by rotary table, and it is finally completed the processing in all of hole, the scope of application of machine tool can be improved, is simplified the structure of axles box, and is improved working (machining) efficiency;In addition, by arranging three position locking mechanisms, the rotational positioning of workbench can not only be realized, and and the angle between position locking mechanism is set to into α=360 ° * a/Z+360 °/2Z and β=360 ° * b/Z+360 °/4Z, so, two position locking mechanisms can be respectively adopted to lock workbench different rotary angle, the position locking precision of workbench is each gear teeth of swing pinion and teeth groove relative to a quarter of the mechanical angle accounted for its center more, can effectively improve position locking precision.
Embodiment described above is only the preferred embodiment lifted for absolutely proving the present invention, protection scope of the present invention not limited to this.Equivalent substitute or conversion that those skilled in the art are made on the basis of the present invention, within protection scope of the present invention.Protection scope of the present invention is defined by claims.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of many position rotating expansion chucks drill combined vertical Digit Control Machine Tool, it is characterised in that:Including base, the column being fixedly mounted on the base, the front end of the column is provided with vertical hydraulic pressure slide rail, the hydraulic pressure slide rail is provided with the hydraulic pressure slide being slidably matched with which, is provided with the hydraulic drive mechanism for driving the hydraulic pressure slide movement in the column;The axles box for being provided with unit head and being connected with the unit head is fixedly mounted on the hydraulic pressure slide, and the axles box is provided with the multiple output main shafts being uniformly arranged in a ring, and the output main shaft is provided with the connecting rod for connecting drilling tool;Workbench below the axles box and in the form of annular discs is additionally provided with the base, and the workbench is provided with the clamping mechanism for clamping disk-like accessory;
The clamping mechanism includes center clamping mechanism and the edge clamping mechanism for fixed disk like members edge;The center clamping mechanism includes the adapter sleeve being fixedly mounted on the workbench, the adapter sleeve inner sleeve is equiped with expansion set, central bore is provided with the expansion set, it is swelling end that the expansion set is located at the opening of the central bore, the other end is connection end, and on the swelling end of the expansion set, annular is laid with least three expanding troughs;Tapered face fit structure is provided between the inner hole wall of the swelling end periphery wall and the adapter sleeve of the expansion set, is provided with the base for being connected with the connection end and the swelling hydraulic cylinder for tensing the expansion set;
Workbench rotating shaft is provided with below the workbench, is provided with the rotary drive mechanism for driving the worktable rotary in the base;The drive mechanism of walking around includes the drive gear that the swing pinion being arranged in the workbench rotating shaft engaged with the swing pinion and the motor for driving the drive gear rotation;Through hole is provided with the workbench rotating shaft, and the swelling hydraulic cylinder is arranged on the bottom of the workbench rotating shaft, and the piston rod of the swelling hydraulic cylinder is connected with the connection end of the expansion set by the through hole;Also include three position locking mechanisms for locking the swing pinion position;The position locking mechanism includes the mounting seat being fixedly mounted in the base, the mounting seat is provided with locking hydraulic cylinder, clamping block is installed with the piston rod of the locking hydraulic cylinder, the clamping block is provided with the locking teeth engaged with the swing pinion towards the side of the swing pinion;The axis of the locking hydraulic cylinder is located at the drive gear in the radial direction, in the locking hydraulic cylinder of three position locking mechanisms, angle between the axis of the axis of one of them locking hydraulic cylinder and two other locking hydraulic cylinder is respectively α=360 ° * a/Z+360 °/4Z and β=360 ° * b/Z+360 °/4Z, wherein, the numbers of teeth of the Z for swing pinion, a and b are the positive integer more than or equal to 1.
2. many position rotating expansion chucks according to claim 1 drill combined vertical Digit Control Machine Tool, it is characterised in that:Be additionally provided with position-limit mechanism between the expansion set and the adapter sleeve, the position-limit mechanism includes being arranged on the wall of the expansion set side and along the stopper slot that extends of bus of expansion set, spacer pin installing hole is correspondingly provided with the stopper slot on the adapter sleeve.
3. many position rotating expansion chucks according to claim 1 drill combined vertical Digit Control Machine Tool, it is characterised in that:The edge clamping mechanism includes the radial direction slide rail being radially arranged on the workbench, it is slidably installed for being supported on the fulcrum bearing of disk like members bottom surface with which in the radial direction slide rail, the briquetting for pushing down disk like members top surface is provided with above the fulcrum bearing, it is provided with screw rod to be connected between the fulcrum bearing and briquetting, and the screw rod is provided with the spring between the fulcrum bearing and briquetting, the screw rod is provided with clamp nut.
4. many position rotating expansion chucks according to claim 1 drill combined vertical Digit Control Machine Tool, it is characterised in that:The hydraulic drive mechanism includes the driving hydraulic cylinder being fixedly installed in the column, it is fixedly connected on the piston rod of the driving hydraulic cylinder and is provided with transmission belt, and the fixed pulley coordinated with the transmission belt at the top of the column, is provided with, the other end of the transmission belt is fixedly connected with the hydraulic pressure slide.
5. many position rotating expansion chucks according to claim 1 drill combined vertical Digit Control Machine Tool, it is characterised in that:The unit head includes the servomotor being fixedly mounted on the hydraulic pressure slide.
6. many position rotating expansion chucks according to claim 5 drill combined vertical Digit Control Machine Tool, it is characterised in that:The axles box includes the intermediate rotary shaft being connected with the output shaft of the servomotor, the output main shaft is uniformly arranged in a ring relative to the axis of the intermediate rotary shaft, and the intermediate rotary shaft is provided with the driving gear of synchronous rotation, the output main shaft is provided with the driven gear engaged with the driving gear.
7. many position rotating expansion chucks according to claim 1 drill combined vertical Digit Control Machine Tool, it is characterised in that:On the base, annular is laid with the back-up roller wheel for supporting the workbench, and the axis of the back-up roller wheel is respectively positioned on the workbench in the radial direction.
8. many position rotating expansion chucks according to claim 1 drill combined vertical Digit Control Machine Tool, it is characterised in that:The mounting seat is provided with the guide rail positioned at the swing pinion radial direction, and the clamping block is slidably installed on the guide rail.
CN201510693523.3A 2015-10-24 2015-10-24 Multi-positioning rotary expansion drilling combined vertical numerical control machine tool Pending CN106513741A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510693523.3A CN106513741A (en) 2015-10-24 2015-10-24 Multi-positioning rotary expansion drilling combined vertical numerical control machine tool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510693523.3A CN106513741A (en) 2015-10-24 2015-10-24 Multi-positioning rotary expansion drilling combined vertical numerical control machine tool

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106513741A true CN106513741A (en) 2017-03-22

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106881476A (en) * 2017-05-02 2017-06-23 中山市德丰科技服务有限公司 A kind of drilling machine equipment of ring type drill member
CN107855788A (en) * 2017-04-21 2018-03-30 慈溪市鑫昶工业产品设计有限公司 A kind of board Drilling operation device
CN107971573A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-05-01 于浩 A kind of cutting machine of the high auto parts machinery manufacture of work efficiency
CN110315106A (en) * 2019-07-05 2019-10-11 陕西国防工业职业技术学院 A kind of two-way processing numeric control drilling machine tool of multiaxis

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107855788A (en) * 2017-04-21 2018-03-30 慈溪市鑫昶工业产品设计有限公司 A kind of board Drilling operation device
CN106881476A (en) * 2017-05-02 2017-06-23 中山市德丰科技服务有限公司 A kind of drilling machine equipment of ring type drill member
CN107971573A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-05-01 于浩 A kind of cutting machine of the high auto parts machinery manufacture of work efficiency
CN107971573B (en) * 2017-12-08 2019-06-07 于法周 A kind of cutting machine for auto parts machinery manufacture
CN110315106A (en) * 2019-07-05 2019-10-11 陕西国防工业职业技术学院 A kind of two-way processing numeric control drilling machine tool of multiaxis

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